Archive for 2007

NIH Open Access Mandate Becomes Law

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on December 26th, 2007

President Bush has signed the "Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008," which includes the NIH open access mandate. The mandate states: "The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law."

Read more about it at "OA Mandate at NIH Now Law and "Public Access Mandate Made Law."

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    Xmas Blogging Break

    Posted in Announcements on December 18th, 2007

    DigitalKoans postings will resume on 1/9/08. Happy holidays.

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      Version 70, Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

      Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on December 18th, 2007

      Version 70 of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography is now available from Digital Scholarship. This selective bibliography presents over 3,195 articles, books, and other digital and printed sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet.

      The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography: 2006 Annual Edition is also available from Digital Scholarship. Annual editions of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography are PDF files designed for printing.

      The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are in italics):

      1 Economic Issues
      2 Electronic Books and Texts
      2.1 Case Studies and History
      2.2 General Works
      2.3 Library Issues
      3 Electronic Serials
      3.1 Case Studies and History
      3.2 Critiques
      3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals
      3.4 General Works
      3.5 Library Issues
      3.6 Research
      4 General Works
      5 Legal Issues
      5.1 Intellectual Property Rights
      5.2 License Agreements
      6 Library Issues
      6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata
      6.2 Digital Libraries
      6.3 General Works
      6.4 Information Integrity and Preservation
      7 New Publishing Models
      8 Publisher Issues
      8.1 Digital Rights Management
      9 Repositories, E-Prints, and OAI
      Appendix A. Related Bibliographies
      Appendix B. About the Author
      Appendix C. SEPB Use Statistics

      Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources includes the following sections:

      Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata
      Digital Libraries
      Electronic Books and Texts
      Electronic Serials
      General Electronic Publishing
      Images
      Legal
      Preservation
      Publishers
      Repositories, E-Prints, and OAI
      SGML and Related Standards

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        New Creative Commons Comic Makes Understanding CC Licenses Easy

        Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Licenses on December 16th, 2007

        The Creative Commons has released Sharing Creative Works: An Illustrated Primer, a new digital comic book that explains Creative Commons licenses.

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          Google Gives Wikipedia a Lump of Knol for Xmas

          Posted in Google and Other Search Engines, Social Media/Web 2.0 on December 16th, 2007

          According to "Encouraging People to Contribute Knowledge," Google has launched Knol, a Wikipedia competitor, in test mode.

          Here'as an excerpt from the posting:

          Earlier this week, we [Google] started inviting a selected group of people to try a new, free tool that we are calling "knol", which stands for a unit of knowledge. Our goal is to encourage people who know a particular subject to write an authoritative article about it. . . . .

          A knol on a particular topic is meant to be the first thing someone who searches for this topic for the first time will want to read. The goal is for knols to cover all topics, from scientific concepts, to medical information, from geographical and historical, to entertainment, from product information, to how-to-fix-it instructions. Google will not serve as an editor in any way, and will not bless any content. . . . .For many topics, there will likely be competing knols on the same subject. . . .

          Knols will include strong community tools. People will be able to submit comments, questions, edits, additional content, and so on. Anyone will be able to rate a knol or write a review of it. Knols will also include references and links to additional information. At the discretion of the author, a knol may include ads.

          Read more about it at "Google to Wikipedia: "Knol" Thine Enemy," "Google's Knol: No Wikipedia Killer," "Google's 'Knols' Aren't a Threat to Wikipedia," "Google's Know-It-All Project," and "Google's Units of Knowledge May Raise Conflict of Interest."

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            Columbia University Libraries and Bavarian State Library Become Google Book Search Library Partners

            Posted in Digital Repositories, Digitization, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Open Access, Scholarly Books on December 14th, 2007

            Both the Columbia University Libraries and Bavarian State Library have joined the Google Book Search Library Project.

            Here are the announcements:

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              Zotero/Internet Archive Alliance to Create Zotero Commons

              Posted in Digital Repositories, Research Tools, Scholarly Communication on December 14th, 2007

              Dan Cohen has announced a partnership between the Center for History and New Media's Zotero project and the Internet Archive that will create the Zotero Commons, a repository for scholarly materials, as well as personal, restricted-access storage for scholars. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation is supporting the project.

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                Biomedical Digital Libraries and BioMed Central Part Company

                Posted in E-Journal Management and Publishing Systems, E-Journals, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on December 13th, 2007

                According to "Biomedical Digital Libraries Moves to Open Journal Systems," Biomedical Digital Libraries will no longer be published by BioMed Central because "BMC's author payment model had become untenable for most of the authors wishing to publish in the journal." In the future, the journal will be published using Public Knowledge Project's Open Journal Systems without author fees.

                BioMed Central has an article-processing charges waiver policy with case-by-case basis review, and it also offers a variety of article-processing charges discounts. It is not clear why these cost-reduction mechanisms did not meet author needs.

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                  Library Copyright Alliance Expresses Concerns over Section 104 of the PRO IP Act

                  Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Research Libraries on December 13th, 2007

                  The Library Copyright Alliance has sent a letter to Reps. Howard L. Berman and Howard Coble expressing concern over the chilling effect of Section 104 of the PRO IP Act on the use of orphan works by libraries. By way of example, they note that a library that made 100 letters from World War II soldiers in 1945 available on its Website could potentially face up to $15,000,000 in statutory damages.

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                    Alpha Release of the ORE Specification and User Guide

                    Posted in Metadata, OAI-ORE, Open Access, Scholarly Communication, Standards on December 12th, 2007

                    The Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange has released an alpha version of the ORE Specification and User Guide. Comments can be made on the OAI-ORE discussion group or via email to ore@openarchives.org.

                    Here's an excerpt from the introduction:

                    The World Wide Web is built upon the notion of atomic units of information called resources that are identified with URIs such as http://www.openarchives.org/ore/0.1/toc (this page). In addition to these atomic units, aggregations of resources are often units of information in their own right. . . .

                    A mechanism to associate identities with these aggregations and describe them in a machine-readable manner would make them visible to Web agents, both humans and machines. This could be useful for a number of applications and contexts. For example:

                    • Crawler-based search engines could use such descriptions to index information and provide search results sets at the granularity of the aggregations rather than their individual parts.
                    • Browsers could leverage them to provide users with navigation aids for the aggregated resources, in the same manner that machine-readable site maps provide navigation clues for crawlers.
                    • Other automated agents such as preservation systems could use these descriptions as guides to understand a "whole document" and determine the best preservation strategy.
                    • Systems that mine and analyze networked information for citation analysis/bibliometrics could achieve better accuracy with knowledge of aggregation structure contained in these descriptions.
                    • These machine-readable descriptions could provide the foundation for advanced scholarly communication systems that allow the flexible reuse and refactoring of rich scholarly artifacts and their components [Value Chains].
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                      University of Michigan Libraries Make over 100,000 Records for Digitized Books Available for Harvesting

                      Posted in ARL Libraries, Digital Repositories, Digitization, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Institutional Repositories, Libraries, Mass Digitizaton, Metadata, Open Access, Public Domain on December 12th, 2007

                      The University of Michigan Libraries have made over 100,000 metadata records from its MBooks collection available for OAI-PMH harvesting. The records are for digitized books in the public domain.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      The University of Michigan Library is pleased to announce that records from our MBooks collection are available for OAI harvesting. The MBooks collection consists of materials digitized by Google in partnership with the University of Michigan.

                      http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/o/oai/oai?verb=Identify

                      Only records for MBooks available in the public domain are exposed. We have split these into sets containing public domain items according to U.S. copyright law, and public domain items worldwide. There are currently over 100,000 records available for harvesting. We anticipate having 1 million records available when the entire U-M collection has been digitized by Google.

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                        Canadian DMCA-Stye Copyright Law on Hold . . . for the Moment

                        Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Rights Management on December 12th, 2007

                        Canadian Industry Minister Jim Prentice didn't introduce a DMCA-style copyright bill yesterday, and there is speculation that this due to increasing protests against the bill.

                        According to "Industry Canada Holds Off on Copyright Reform Bill," Prentice said that the: "bill would not be tabled [introduced] in the House until such time as myself and the minister of Canadian Heritage, Status of Women and Office Languages are satisfied."

                        Read more about it at "'Canadian DMCA' Delayed, Protestors Cautiously Optimistic," "Canadian Netroots Rise Up Against Tory Copyright Plans," "CBC on the Canadian DMCA Delay," and "Prentice's Moment."

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