Archive for May, 2009

DigitalKoans Break

Posted in Announcements on May 26th, 2009

DigitalKoans postings will resume on 6/8/09.

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    Blog Reports from Open Repositories 2009

    Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 25th, 2009

    Below are some blog reports from the Open Repositories 2009 conference.

    Mark Leggott

    H.J. (Driek) Heesakkers

    Peter Sefton

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      Keeping Research Data Safe 2: The Identification of Long-lived Digital Datasets for the Purposes of Cost Analysis: Project Plan

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 25th, 2009

      Charles Beagrie has released Keeping Research Data Safe 2: The Identification of Long-lived Digital Datasets for the Purposes of Cost Analysis: Project Plan.

      Here's an excerpt from the project home page:

      The Keeping Research Data Safe 2 project commenced on 31 March 2009 and will complete in December 2009. The project will identify and analyse sources of long-lived data and develop longitudinal data on associated preservation costs and benefits. We believe these outcomes will be critical to developing preservation costing tools and cost benefit analyses for justifying and sustaining major investments in repositories and data curation.

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        Durable Digital Media: How Does a Billion Years Sound?

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Emerging Technologies on May 25th, 2009

        A recent article in Nano Letters describes an experimental nanotechnology-based storage device that could last for a billion years and store up to one terabyte per square inch.

        Read more about it at "New Memory Material May Hold Data For One Billion Years."

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          Introducing Copyright: A Plain Language Guide to Copyright in the 21st Century

          Posted in Copyright on May 25th, 2009

          The Commonwealth of Learning has published Introducing Copyright: A Plain Language Guide to Copyright in the 21st Century as a PDF file under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works license.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          This book was written for those who want to learn about copyright in the 21st century. It explains copyright protection and what it means for copyright holders and copyright users. It also introduces readers to contemporary topics: digital rights management, open licences, software patents and copyright protection for works of traditional knowledge. A final chapter tries to predict how technology will change the publishing and entertainment industries that depend on copyright.

          The book assumes no special knowledge and avoids technical language as much as possible.

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            “Deal or No Deal: What If the Google Settlement Fails?”

            Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on May 25th, 2009

            In "Deal or No Deal: What If the Google Settlement Fails?," Andrew Richard Albanese examines the uncertain future of the Google Book Search Settlement Agreement.

            Here's an excerpt:

            "This thing is going to die," one close observer of the settlement told PW [Publishers Weekly]. "Let's put it this way—with all the sketchy things in the agreement, there is no way [the parties] want people to look at this longer, rather than shorter."

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              DISC-UK DataShare Project: Final Report

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories, DSpace, EPrints, Fedora, Institutional Repositories on May 24th, 2009

              JISC has released DISC-UK DataShare Project: Final Report.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The DISC-UK DataShare Project was funded from March 2007-March 2009 as part of JISC's Repositories and Preservation programme, Repositories Enhancement strand. It was led by EDINA and Edinburgh University Data Library in partnership with the University of Oxford and the University of Southampton. The project built on the existing informal collaboration of UK data librarians and data managers who formed DISC-UK (Data Information Specialists Committee–UK).

              This project has brought together the distinct communities of data support staff in universities and institutional repository managers in order to bridge gaps and exploit the expertise of both to advance the current provision of repository services for accommodating datasets, and thus to explore new pathways to assist academics at our institutions who wish to share their data over the Internet. The project's overall aim was to contribute to new models, workflows and tools for academic data sharing within a complex and dynamic information environment which includes increased emphasis on stewardship of institutional knowledge assets of all types; new technologies to enhance e- Research; new research council policies and mandates; and the growth of the Open Access / Open Data movement.

              With three institutions taking part plus the London School of Economics as an associate partner, a range of exemplars have emerged from the establishment of institutional data repositories and related services. Part of the variety in the exemplars is a result of the different repository platforms used by the three project partners: DSpace (Edinburgh DataShare), ePrints (e-Prints Soton) and Fedora (Oxford University Research Archive, ORA)–all open source software. LSE took another route and is using the distributed Dataverse repository network for data, linking to publications in LSE Research Online. Also, different approaches were taken in setting up the repositories. All three institutions had an existing, well-used institutional repository, but two chose to incorporate datasets within the same system as the publications, and one (Edinburgh DataShare) was a paired repository exclusively for datasets, designed to interoperate with the publications repository (Edinburgh Research Archive). The approach took a major turn midway through the project when an apparent solution to the problem of lack of voluntary deposits arose, in the form of the advent of the Data Audit Framework. Edinburgh participated as a partner in the DAF Development project which created the methodology for the framework, and also won a bid to carry out its own DAF Implementation project. Later, the other two partners conducted their own versions of the data audit framework under the auspices of the DataShare project.

              A number of scoping activities were carried about by the partners with the goal of informing repository enhancement as well as broader dissemination. These included a State-of-the-Art-Review to determine what had been learned by previous repository projects in the UK that had forayed into the data arena. This resulted in a list of benefits and barriers to deposit of datasets by researchers to inform our outreach activities. A Data Sharing Continuum diagram was developed to illustrate where the projects were aiming to fit into the curation landscape, and the range of curation steps that could be taken, from simple backup to online visualization. Later on, a specialized metadata schema was explored (Data Documentation Initiative or DDI) in terms of how it might be incorporated into repository systems, though repository development in this area was not taken up. Instead, a dataset application profile was developed based on qualified Dublin Core (dcterms). This was implemented in the Edinburgh DataShare repository and adapted by Southampton for their next release. The project wished to explore wider issues with open data and web publishing, and therefore produced two briefing papers to do with data mashups–on numeric data and geospatial data. Finally, the project staff and consultant distilled what it had learned in terms of policy development for data repositories in a training guide. A number of peer reviewed posters, papers, and articles were written by DISC-UK members about various aspects of the project during the period.

              Key conclusions were that 1) Data management motivation is a better bottom-up driver for researchers than data sharing but is not sufficient to create culture change, 2) Data librarians, data managers and data scientists can help bridge communication between repository managers & researchers, and 3) IRs can improve impact of sharing data over the internet.

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                Digital Preservation: PARSE.Insight Project Reports on First Year Achievements

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 24th, 2009

                In "Annual Review Year 1: Goals and Achievements," The PARSE.Insight (Permanent Access to the Records of Science in Europe) Project reports on its first year achievements. This post includes links to a number of longer documents, including the PARSE.Insight Deliverable D2.1 Draft Roadmap.

                Here's an excerpt from the PARSE.Insight Deliverable D2.1 Draft Roadmap.

                The purpose of this document is to provide an overview and initial details of a number of specific components, both technical and non-technical, which would be needed to supplement existing and already planned infrastructures for science data. The infrastructure components presented here are aimed at bridging the gaps between islands of functionality, developed for particular purposes, often by other European projects, whether separated by discipline or time. Thus the infrastructure components are intended to play a general, unifying role in science data. While developed in the context of a European wide infrastructure, there would be great advantages for these types of infrastructure components to be available much more widely.

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                  Library IT Jobs: Systems/Electronic Resources Librarian at Pratt Institute

                  Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 24th, 2009

                  The Pratt Institute Libraries are recruiting a Systems/Electronic Resources Librarian.

                  Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                  Under the supervision of the Director of Libraries work in a collaborative environment within the Systems team which is responsible for the overall management and support of the Millennium integrated library system and other library applications in the Pratt Institute Libraries. This is a full-time 12 month per year tenure-track faculty position at the Assistant Professor rank.

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                    Welsh Repository Network Final Report

                    Posted in Digital Commons, Digital Repositories, DSpace, EPrints, Institutional Repositories on May 24th, 2009

                    JISC has released the Welsh Repository Network Final Report.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The aim of the Welsh Repository Network (WRN) was to put in place an essential building block for the development of an integrated network of institutional digital repositories in Wales. The project entailed a centrally managed hardware procurement programme designed to provide every HEI in Wales with dedicated and configured repository hardware. In close collaboration with the technical, organisational and operational support specifically provided for Welsh Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) within the JISC funded Repositories Support Project (RSP), also delivered from Aberystwyth University, this initiative provided a cost-effective, collaborative and decisive boost to the repository agenda in Wales and helped JISC achieve the critical mass of populated repositories and digital content that is a stated objective of the Repositories and Preservation Programme.

                    The project employed a three-stage approach: requirements gathering, procurement and installation, and monitoring and evaluation. Extensive site visits and regular communication with project partners were a fundamental aspect of project activity and a variety of models were used for procuring hardware including collaborative approaches, outsourcing to commercial software and establishing hosting agreements.

                    At its most practical level the principal deliverable of the WRN project has been the provision of repository hardware capacity in each and every HEI in Wales which, in combination with the hands-on technical support provided by the RSP, enabled all 12 HEIs to have functional institutional repositories by March 2009. More generally, the project has contributed a series of case studies and test sites that provide the wider JISC community with practical insights into the process of matching alternative organisational models, repository types and hardware configurations to different geographical and institutional settings. The main conclusion to be drawn from the WRN is that while providing funds for procuring hardware helps to push repository development up the institutional agenda, the support that goes with the funding, especially the technical support, is a far more crucial factor in generating a successful and lasting outcome.

                    Read more about it at the "project Web site."

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                      Digital Library Jobs: Digital Repositories Manager at University of Leeds

                      Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 24th, 2009

                      The Leeds University Library is recruiting a Digital Repositories Manager.

                      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                      You will manage the University’s digital repositories—created to contain resources in a variety of formats in order to support both research and learning & teaching. You will lead the development and monitoring of repository services, and ensure that the Library offers excellent support for University staff who wish to use the repositories. You will be an expert in digital content, with a good understanding of the issues surrounding creation of digital assets, and offering online access to those assets. Ideally you will have some technical expertise in order that you can contribute to the development and/or support of the repository infrastructure. The Library is making a significant investment in the e-information environment at the University of Leeds and this post offers an exciting opportunity to shape future information provision in innovative ways.

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                        MPAA Attorney Says Even One Personal Backup Copy of DVD is Illegal

                        Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Rights Management on May 24th, 2009

                        Bart Williams, an MPAA attorney, said in a hearing about the Realnetworks v. DVD Copy Control Association case that even if a consumer made single copy of a DVD for acquired for personal use that: "One copy is a violation of the DMCA."

                        Read more about the case at "DVDs and the Big Picture," "RealNetworks: MPAA Is 'Price-Fixing Cartel'," "Reminder from the MPAA: DRM Trumps Your Fair Use Rights," and "What to Expect from the RealDVD Decision."

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                          Digital Scholarship

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