Archive for January, 2010

Assessing the Future Landscape of Scholarly Communication: An Exploration of Faculty Values and Needs in Seven Disciplines

Posted in Scholarly Communication on January 31st, 2010

The Center for Studies in Higher Education has released Assessing the Future Landscape of Scholarly Communication: An Exploration of Faculty Values and Needs in Seven Disciplines.

Here's an excerpt:

We describe here the results of our research conducted between 2007 and 2010. In the interest of developing a deeper understanding of how and why scholars do what they do to advance their academic fields, as well as their careers, our approach focused on finegrained analyses of faculty values and behaviors throughout the scholarly communication lifecycle, including career advancement, sharing, collaborating, informal and formal publishing, resource generation, and engaging with the public. The report is based on the responses of 160 interviewees across 45, mostly elite, research institutions in seven selected academic fields: archaeology, astrophysics, biology, economics, history, music, and political science. We concentrated on assessing scholars’ attitudes and needs as both producers and users of research results. The report is divided into eight chapters, which include a document synthesizing our research results plus seven detailed disciplinary case studies.

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    Library of Congress Establishes Procedures to Release Open Source Software

    Posted in ARL Libraries, Open Source Software on January 31st, 2010

    The Library of Congress has established procedures to release open source software.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

    "The overall effect will be to clarify and streamline the process for releasing software as open source," said Michelle Springer, a digital initiatives project manager at the Library, "allowing the Library and its partners to more fully participate in the open source development community."

    The Library has been especially active in developing tools that support digital preservation processes, including the secure transfer of digital files. This includes the release of a full suite of digital content transfer tools that support the Bagit specification.

    These tools marked the first release of Library-authored open source software to a public repository. The tools were first registered on SourceForge in December 2008 and are available at http://sourceforge.net/projects/loc-xferutils/. While Sourceforge was the first external repository to host Library code, other repositories may be used in the future.

    Source code originating from the Library may only be distributed as open source if developed by Library staff or under a contract granting the Library the necessary distribution rights. Additionally, the code cannot be based or dependent on any proprietary software and must be releasable without restrictions or cost.

    Works created by Library of Congress staff will be designated in the code comments as a work within the public domain. The addition of the public domain notation in the code comments serves the function of letting developers know that section of the code is free for reuse even if the Library's code is incorporated into a software project with a more restrictive license.

    Not all software repositories offer the option of a public domain designation. Under those circumstances the Library will apply the most permissive license possible. BSD-style licenses are being used by multiple National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program partners.

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      Lead Developer at NCSU

      Posted in Library IT Jobs on January 31st, 2010

      The North Carolina State University Libraries are recruiting a Lead Developer.

      Here's an excerpt from the ad (position #40024):

      Design and develop large-scale library web applications using a variety of technologies including Java, JavaScript, PHP, Python, PostgreSQL, MySQL and XML. Help manage development projects through full life cycle from requirements definition to deployment and support. Maintain and upgrade existing applications; lead implementation of new software packages. Provide technical mentorship for developers in department. Research and recommend integration of new technologies.

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        Gary Marchionini Named Dean of School of Information and Library Sciences at UNC Chapel Hill

        Posted in Information Schools, People in the News on January 31st, 2010

        Dr. Gary Marchionini, Cary C. Boshamer Professor at the School of Information and Library Sciences at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, has been appointed Dean of that school effective April 1, 2010.

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        "Gary Marchionini is a distinguished faculty member whose extraordinary academic background is internationally renowned," said Chancellor Holden Thorp. "He is the ideal person to lead our School of Information and Library Science into this new decade when information and technology have never been more important in our society."

        Added Bruce Carney, interim executive vice chancellor and provost, "Gary Marchionini knows the School of Information and Library Science and our University exceedingly well. He has the support from within the school to keep it a national leader."

        A Carolina faculty member since 1998, Marchionini heads the school's Interaction Design Laboratory and chairs its personnel committee. He serves on the Campus Research Computing Committee and has helped lead numerous campus initiatives since arriving at Carolina. Last spring, he was nominated by his students and selected as the school's Outstanding Teacher of the Year.

        He is president of the American Society of Information Science and Technology, an international organization of professionals who focus on improving access to information. Marchionini is the chair of the National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine's Biomedical Library and Informatics Review Committee. He previously was editor-in-chief of the Association for Computing Machinery's (ACM) "Transactions on Information Systems" from 2002 to 2008, has served on more than a dozen editorial boards and is editor of the Morgan-Claypool book series, "Information Concepts, Retrieval and Services."

        Marchionini has published more than 200 articles, book chapters and technical reports on topics related to digital libraries, information seeking, usability of personal health records, multimedia browsing strategies and personal identity in cyberspace. He has been awarded numerous grants from the National Science Foundation and other foundations, as well as research awards from companies including Microsoft, IBM and Google. He is the author of "Information Seeking in Electronic Environments," part of a Cambridge University Press series.

        Marchionini earned a doctorate in curriculum development, focusing on mathematics education in 1981, and a master's degree in secondary mathematics education from Wayne State University in 1974. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in mathematics and English from Western Michigan University in 1971.

        Before arriving at UNC, he was a faculty member at the University of Maryland for 15 years. He served on the faculty and as a researcher at Wayne State from 1978 to 1983 and taught mathematics at the East Detroit Public Schools for seven years.

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          Library Application and Database Manager/Developer at Princeton

          Posted in Library IT Jobs on January 31st, 2010

          The Princeton University Library is recruiting a Library Application and Database Manager/Developer. Anticipated hiring range: $75,000-$85,000.

          Here's an excerpt from the ad (Requisition #1000065):

          Description: Princeton University Library seeks a Library Application Database Manager/Developer to maintain, enhance and create applications for Library users and staff. In addition, this person will help develop web based library services for patrons and help with implementation and enhancements to Library NextGen user interfaces.

          Responsibilities: The primary function for this position is to maintain and enhance current locally developed library applications and to create new ones as new needs arise. The locally developed applications include various specialized catalogs, specialized user applications such as E-Reserves and Audio-Reserves, and internal workflow applications for managing staff travel, staff lists, and guest access to the libraries, and many more. This position will also help with library web services development, including maintaining and creating machine to machine interfaces, as well as user interfaces. This position will also be assigned other projects as needed.

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            The Ranking Web of World Repositories (January 2010 edition)

            Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on January 31st, 2010

            The Cybermetrics Lab of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientóficas has released The Ranking Web of World Repositories (January 2010 edition).

            Here's an excerpt:

            As in previous edition we provide two global Rankings. One that covers all repositories (Top400) and another that focuses only on Institutional Repositories (Top 400 Institutional). We are considering to include in future editions portals of journals and papers (super repositories).

            The composite index (World Ranking) is computed combining normalized values instead of ranks. The visibility is calculated giving extra importance to the external inlinks not coming from generic domains (.com, .org, .net). The figures for rich files (pdf, doc, ppt, ps, and new for this edition, xls) are combined and not treated individually.

            Read more about it at "Ranking Web of World Repositories ."

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              Scholarships Available: 100% Online Digital Information Management Graduate Certificate Program

              Posted in Digital Libraries, Information Schools on January 28th, 2010

              The University of Arizona School of Information Resources and Library Science is accepting applicants for the school's graduate certificate program in Digital Information Management (DigIn). IMLS-funded scholarships are available for students entering the program in 2010.

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              The DigIn program features hands-on experience and focused instruction supporting a wide range of professional careers involving digital systems and data. The certificate includes six three-credit courses designed to build students' hands-on technology skills, and to help students acquire the advanced knowledge needed to curate digital collections, manage digital projects, and to set policies for access and long-term preservation.

              In 2009, the first cohort of DigIn graduates completed their certificate requirements with practical "capstone" field projects in a broad range of professional settings, including the Library of Congress, the Metropolitan New York Library Council, the College of William and Mary, UC Riverside, the New Mexico State Records Center and Archives, Phoenix Public Library, Cochise County (AZ) Historical Society, Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, and the Mohave Museum of History and Art. As one 2009 graduate noted:

              "DigIn broadened my knowledge of the history, trends, and best practices for digital collections. It has also given me the practical experience to tackle hands-on projects that require a deeper understanding of technology and information management. My work in the DigIn program is most certainly what led to me landing a job in a technology-heavy environment."

              For information professionals already working in the field, or those considering career changes, the DigIn certificate offers a flexible path for graduate studies. The program is delivered 100% online and has no residency requirements. Students generally complete the certificate in four or six semesters (15 months or 27 months).

              Deadline For Summer '10 admission: April 1

              Deadline for Fall ‘10 admission: July 1

              Deadline for Spring ‘11: Nov. 1.

              DigIn was developed in cooperation with the Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records and the University of Arizona Outreach College. Major funding for the program comes from the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), which has also provided scholarship funding.

              Additional details on the program including course descriptions, admissions requirements and application forms may be found on the program website:

              digin.arizona.edu

              Applicants may also contact the DigIn staff at:

              digin at email.arizona.edu

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                Crowdsourcing and Social Engagement: Potential, Power and Freedom for Libraries and Users

                Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Libraries, Social Media/Web 2.0 on January 28th, 2010

                Rose Holley has self-archived Crowdsourcing and Social Engagement: Potential, Power and Freedom for Libraries and Users in E-LIS.

                Here's an excerpt:

                The definition and purpose of crowdsourcing and social engagement with users is discussed with particular reference to the Australian Newspapers service http://newspapers.nla.gov.au, FamilySearch http://familysearchindexing.org, Wikipedia http://wikipedia.org, the Distributed Proofreaders http://www.pgdp.net, Galaxy Zoo http://www.galaxyzoo.org and The Guardian MP's Expenses Scandal http://mps-expenses.guardian.co.uk. These services have harnessed thousands of digital volunteers who transcribe, create, enhance and correct text, images and archives. The successful strategies which motivated users to help, engage, and develop the outcomes will be examined. How can the lessons learnt be applied more broadly across the library and archive sector and what is the future potential? What are useful tips for crowdsourcing? Users no longer expect to be passive receivers of information and want to engage with data, each other and nonprofit making organisations to help achieve what may seem to be impossible goals and targets. If libraries want to stay relevant and valued, offer high quality data and continue to have a significant social impact they must develop active engagement strategies and harness crowdsourcing techniques and partnerships to enhance their services. Can libraries respond to the shift in power and control of information and dare to give users something greater than power—freedom?

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