Archive for May, 2011

"Owning the Right to Open Up Access to Scientific Publications"

Posted in Copyright, Open Access on May 31st, 2011

Lucie Guibault has self-archived "Owning the Right to Open Up Access to Scientific Publications" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

Whether the researchers themselves, rather than the institution they work for, are at all in a position to implement OA principles actually depends on the initial allocation of rights on their works. Whereas most European Union Member States have legislation that provides that the copyright owner is the natural person who created the work, the copyright laws of a number European countries, including those of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, establish a presumption, according to which the copyright of works made in the course of employment belongs initially to the employer, which in this case would be the university. In France, a similar presumption applies to works created by employees of the State. Even if researchers are in a position to exercise the rights on their works, they may, nevertheless, be required to transfer these to a publisher in order to get their article or book published. This paper, therefore, analyses the legal position of researchers, research institutions and publishers respectively, and considers what the consequences are for the promotion of OA publishing in light of the principles laid down in the Berlin Declaration and the use of Creative Commons licenses.

| Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography |

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    Systems & Technology Librarian at Dover Public Library

    Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 31st, 2011

    The Dover Public Library (Dover, NH) is recruiting a Systems & Technology Librarian. Degree: MLS.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

    1. Manage, plan and administer all aspects of the library’s ILS, providing technical expertise, support, and training for the successful operation and development of all automated modules.
    2. Plan and execute all system hardware and software upgrades, purchases, and replacements, and participate in the selection and installation of any new ILS system.
    3. Lead the library in exploring, evaluating, and adopting emergent technology products and solutions which can improve customers’ experience, and/or optimize use of library resources.
    4. Redesign, expand, and maintain the library’s website and content management systems.
    5. Manage and support the library’s population of desktop, handheld computing devices, and related technologies, including all staff and public computers and servers.
    6. Supervise the library’s Technical Services Office workflow (Acquisitions & Cataloging).

    | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications |

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      Current News: Twitter Updates for 5/31/11

      Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on May 31st, 2011

      | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications |

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        Systems Programmer III at University of Louisville Libraries

        Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 31st, 2011

        The University of Louisville Libraries are recruiting a Systems Programmer III. Degree: “Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and three years of experience as a Systems Programmer or Computer Specialist. Additional experience may be used on a one-to-one basis to offset the educational requirements.”

        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

        The University Libraries seeks an energetic, creative individual to work as a System Programmer III in the Office of Libraries' Technology. The key responsibilities include: Manage departmental network and servers including server configurations, administration, maintenance, and disaster recovery preparedness. Manage the unit Active Directory accounts. Partner with Information Technology (IT) regarding implementation, testing and user acceptance, and security for enterprise applications. Assist with computer hardware and software installations, upgrades and resolution of computing-related problems. Candidate must have work experience with configuring and managing Microsoft Windows servers on Active Directory. The desired candidate must have strong background experience in Microsoft Web server and SQL server administration as well as operating system servers.

        | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications |

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          "The Application of File Identification, Validation, and Characterization Tools in Digital Curation"

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 31st, 2011

          Kevin M. Ford has self-archived his M.S. theses, "The Application of File Identification, Validation, and Characterization Tools in Digital Curation," in IDEALS.

          Here's an excerpt:

          File format identification, characterization, and validation are considered essential processes for digital preservation and, by extension, long-term data curation. These actions are performed on data objects by humans or computers, in an attempt to identify the type of a given file, derive characterizing information that is specific to the file, and validate that the given file conforms to its type specification. The present research reviews the literature surrounding these digital preservation activities, including their theoretical basis and the publications that accompanied the formal release of tools and services designed in response to their theoretical foundation. It also reports the results from extensive tests designed to evaluate the coverage of some of the software tools developed to perform file format identification, characterization, and validation actions. Tests of these tools demonstrate that more work is needed – particularly in terms of scalable solutions – to address the expanse of digital data to be preserved and curated. The breadth of file types these tools are anticipated to handle is so great as to call into question whether a scalable solution is feasible, and, more broadly, whether such efforts will offer a meaningful return on investment. Also, these tools, which serve to provide a type of baseline reading of a file in a repository, can be easily tricked. It is possible to generate files with nothing more than a proper file extension and correct magic number and have the tools "positively" identify the file. This is not the same as a file that conforms to its specification, and one that could be considered valid. The ability to manipulate the results returned by these tools raises issues of identity, trust, security and risk.

          | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 |

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            Web Services Librarian at Des Plaines Public Library

            Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 30th, 2011

            The Des Plaines Public Library (Des Plaines, IL) is recruiting a Web Services Librarian. Degree: MLS.

            Here's an excerpt from the ad:

            Under the general supervision of the Assistant Director, this person is responsible for the technologies that will enhance the library Web site and that will provide easy 24/7 access to the library's electronic resources and services. This person will identify and evaluate emerging social software that encourage patron participation and interaction with the collection and services and that connect people and technology. This person will assist the Management Team in strategic planning to integrate new technologies with the library's goals and objectives. This person will develop and implement services that will increase points of access to information and to the collection. This person deals responsibly with patron problems and emergencies to maintain a safe and pleasant environment.

            | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications |

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              S.978 Would Make Unauthorized Streaming a Felony with 5 Year Maximum Sentence

              Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Legislation and Government Regulation on May 30th, 2011

              Senator Amy Klobuchar and two cosponsors have introduced S.978, which would make unauthorized streaming of copyrighted works a felony.

              Here's an excerpt:

              ‘(2) shall be imprisoned not more than 5 years, fined in the amount set forth in this title, or both, if–

              ‘(A) the offense consists of 10 or more public performances by electronic means, during any 180-day period, of 1 or more copyrighted works; and

              ‘(B)(i) the total retail value of the performances, or the total economic value of such public performances to the infringer or to the copyright owner, would exceed $2,500; or

              ‘(ii) the total fair market value of licenses to offer performances of those works would exceed $5,000;’

              Read more about it at "New Bill Upgrades Unauthorized Internet Streaming to a Felony" and “U.S. Bill To Criminalize Illicit Movie/Music Streaming.”

              | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 |

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                Current News: Twitter Updates for 5/30/11

                Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on May 30th, 2011

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