Archive for 2012

The Future of Big Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on July 22nd, 2012

The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released The Future of Big Data.

Here's an excerpt:

Imagine where we might be in 2020. The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project and Elon University's Imagining the Internet Center asked digital stakeholders to weigh two scenarios for 2020, select the one most likely to evolve, and elaborate on the choice. One sketched out a relatively positive future where Big Data are drawn together in ways that will improve social, political, and economic intelligence. The other expressed the view that Big Data could cause more problems than it solves between now and 2020.

Respondents to our query rendered a decidedly split verdict.

| Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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    Library Technical Systems Coordinator at University of Indianapolis’ Krannert Memorial Library

    Posted in Library IT Jobs on July 22nd, 2012

    The University of Indianapolis' Krannert Memorial Library is recruiting a Library Technical Systems Coordinator.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

    Initiate, maintain, and support all digital systems for the Krannert Memorial Library. Maintain working relationships with library consortia and participate in decision-making for technology system purchases, changes, and upgrades.

    | Digital Scholarship |

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      "It Was Never a Universal Library: Three Years of the Google Book Settlement"

      Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on July 22nd, 2012

      Walt Crawford has published "It Was Never a Universal Library: Three Years of the Google Book Settlement" in Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Remember the Google Books settlement? It was going to settle a four-year-old pair of lawsuits (four years old then, eight years old now) against Google (by the Association of American Publishers, AAP, and the Authors Guild, AG) asserting that Google was infringing on copyright through its two-line snippets from in-copyright books scanned in the Google Library Project—and by the scanning itself. Later, a third group representing media photographers also sued Google for the same actions. . . .

      This is a long set of notes and comments (cites & insights). It strikes me that the topic and complexity deserve that length—but note that I'm offering much briefer excerpts and comments on most items than I normally would in this sort of roundup.

      After two sets of general notes and overviews (one before the settlement was rejected, one after) I'm breaking the discussion down by topics rather than chronologically.

      | Google Books Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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        Legal Research and Digital Initiatives Law Librarian at Florida International University’s College of Law Library

        Posted in Digital Library Jobs on July 19th, 2012

        Florida International University's College of Law Library is recruiting a Legal Research and Digital Initiatives Law Librarian.

        Here's an excerpt from the ad (Job ID: 504480):

        Florida International University's College of Law Library is seeking a service-oriented, innovative and proactive librarian to expand services and build digital collections in a young but rapidly growing library. The Legal Research and Digital Initiatives Law Librarian reports to the Associate Dean for Information Resources/Director of the Law Library and provides high-level reference assistance, leadership in issues related to scholarly communication, open access publishing, and resource digitization, and develops and manages web-based resources, including licensing and access issues.

        | Digital Scholarship |

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          The Journal of Heredity Joins Growing Number of Journals Mandating Data Archiving

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on July 19th, 2012

          The American Genetic Association has mandated the Joint Data Archiving Policy for the Journal of Heredity. The Joint Data Archiving Policy (JDAP) page lists other journals that mandate data archiving.

          | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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            Digital Preservation and Electronic Records Archivist at Purdue University Libraries

            Posted in Digital Library Jobs on July 19th, 2012

            Purdue University Libraries are recruiting a Digital Preservation and Electronic Records Archivist.

            Here's an excerpt from the ad:

            Reporting to the University Archivist and Head, Archives and Special Collections Division, the Digital Preservation and Electronic Records Archivist will be responsible for the management, acquisition, appraisal, description, and preservation of born-digital records with historical, evidential, research, or administrative value to the university. Will collaborate with faculty and staff to collect, manage, preserve, and provide access to born digital and digitally reformatted collections. Will participate in the active management and preservation of a wide array of types of digital collections, including but not limited to university electronic records and websites, born digital manuscripts and personal papers, faculty research datasets and scholarly publications.

            | Digital Scholarship |

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              Royal Society of Chemistry Launches £1 Million Gold Open Access Initiative

              Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on July 19th, 2012

              The Royal Society of Chemistry has launched a £1 million gold open access initiative for British researchers.

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              'Gold for Gold' is an innovative experiment to support the funder led evolution to Gold OA, by recognising institutes that subscribe to RSC Gold, a premium collection of 37 international journals, databases and magazines offering online access to all published material.

              UK institutes who are RSC Gold customers will shortly receive credit equal to the subscription paid, to enabling their researchers, who are being asked to publish Open Access but often do not yet have funding to pay for it directly, to make their paper available via Open Science, the RSC's Gold OA option.

              | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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                Current News: Twitter Updates for 7/18/12

                Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on July 18th, 2012

                | Digital Scholarship |

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                  Digital Repository Librarian at McMaster University Library

                  Posted in Digital Library Jobs on July 18th, 2012

                  The McMaster University Library is recruiting a Digital Repository Librarian.

                  Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                  The position coordinates with library staff to ensure efficient operation of the digital repository system, and supervises a team of student digitization workers. Key responsibilities include: developing the technical infrastructure necessary to support the Library's digitization strategy; leading and/or consulting on digital projects/initiatives that develop digital collections; providing training and support for other library staff in the development of digital collections; and ensuring adherence to accepted digital preservation policies and practices. Supporting and coordinating the creation of metadata for digital collections is a key activity.

                  | Digital Scholarship |

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                    Managing Research Data in Big Science

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on July 18th, 2012

                    Norman Gray, Tobia Carozzi, and Graham Woan have self-archived Managing Research Data in Big Science in arXiv.org.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The project which led to this report was funded by JISC in 2010-2011 as part of its 'Managing Research Data' programme, to examine the way in which Big Science data is managed, and produce any recommendations which may be appropriate. . . .

                    This project has explored these differences using as a case-study Gravitational Wave data generated by the LSC [LIGO Scientific Collaboration], and has produced recommendations intended to be useful variously to JISC, the funding council (STFC) and the LSC community.

                    In Sect. 1 we define what we mean by 'big science', describe the overall data culture there, laying stress on how it necessarily or contingently differs from other disciplines.

                    In Sect. 2 we discuss the benefits of a formal data-preservation strategy, and the cases for open data and for well-preserved data that follow from that. . . .

                    In Sect. 3 we briefly discuss the LIGO data management plan, and pull together whatever information is available on the estimation of digital preservation costs.

                    | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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                      Drupal Programmer Analyst at Texas State Library and Archives Commission

                      Posted in Library IT Jobs on July 18th, 2012

                      The Texas State Library and Archives Commission is recruiting a Drupal Programmer Analyst.

                      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                      The Drupal programmer analyst is responsible for all aspects of Drupal content management system (CMS) development. This analyst develops new applications/modules, ports existing PHP applications into Drupal, performs security assessments, and leads efforts in Drupal upgrades. Required theme design will include a shift towards increased mobile responsiveness. Also, this developer works with the Linux systems analyst and network operations staff to fine-tune the Drupal configuration. Work is accomplished under the general guidance of the Lead Programmer Analyst or in coordination with the other application developers.

                      | Digital Scholarship |

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                        "Open Access versus Subscription Journals: A Comparison of Scientific Impact"

                        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Scholarly Metrics on July 18th, 2012

                        Bo-Christer Björk and David Solomon have published "Open Access versus Subscription Journals: A Comparison of Scientific Impact" in BMC Medicine.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Overall, average citation rates, both unweighted and weighted for the number of articles per journal, were about 30% higher for subscription journals. However, after controlling for discipline (medicine and health versus other), age of the journal (three time periods) and the location of the publisher (four largest publishing countries versus other countries) the differences largely disappeared in most subcategories except for journals that had been launched prior to 1996. OA journals that fund publishing with article processing charges (APCs) are on average cited more than other OA journals. In medicine and health, OA journals founded in the last 10 years are receiving about as many citations as subscription journals launched during the same period.

                        | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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