Archive for the 'Creative Commons/Open Licenses' Category

"Copyright Law in the Digital Environment: Private Ordering and the Regulation of Digital Works"

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digital Rights Management on July 10th, 2012

Primavera De Filippi has self-archived "Copyright Law in the Digital Environment: Private Ordering and the Regulation of Digital Works" in HAL.

Here's an excerpt:

The book begins with an analysis of copyright law as it applies to the physical and the digital world. The challenges that the law has to face in the digital environment are specifically addressed by illustrating how the self-regulating features of the copyright regime have been jeopardized with the advent of Internet and digital technologies. The book subsequently analyses the role of private ordering in the regulation of information and presents the various mechanisms of self-help that have been developed so far to address the challenges of the digital world. The contrast is between the use of end-user licensing agreements and technological measures of protection (e.g. DRM) intended to restrict the consumption of digital works beyond the scope of the copyright regime, and the use of Open Content licenses (e.g. Creative Commons) intended to support a greater dissemination and broader availability of works, amidst other goals. The book finally investigates the corresponding advantages and drawbacks of these two divergent approaches, and concludes by addressing the justifications for governmental intervention in regulating the operations of private ordering.

| Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog | Digital Scholarship |

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    Free a Book: Launches

    Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, E-Books, Open Access on May 17th, 2012 has launched.

    Here's an excerpt from the Frequently Asked Questions: is a place for individuals and institutions to join together to give their favorite ebooks to the world. We work with rights holders to decide on fair compensation for releasing a free, legal edition of their already-published books, under Creative Commons licensing. Then everyone pledges toward that sum. When the threshold is reached (and not before), we collect the pledged funds and we pay the rights holders. They issue an unglued digital edition; you're free to read and share it, with everyone, on the device of your choice, worldwide.

    | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography| Digital Scholarship |

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      Harvard Library Releases over 12 Million Bibliographic Records under CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication

      Posted in ARL Libraries, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Public Domain, Research Libraries on April 24th, 2012

      The Harvard Library has released over 12 million bibliographic records under the CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication license.

      Here's an excerpt from the press release:

      The Harvard Library announced it is making more than 12 million catalog records from Harvard’s 73 libraries publicly available.

      The records contain bibliographic information about books, videos, audio recordings, images, manuscripts, maps, and more. The Harvard Library is making these records available in accordance with its Open Metadata Policy and under a Creative Commons 0 (CC0) public domain license. In addition, the Harvard Library announced its open distribution of metadata from its Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard (DASH) scholarly article repository under a similar CC0 license.

      "The Harvard Library is committed to collaboration and open access. We hope this contribution is one of many steps toward sharing the vital cultural knowledge held by libraries with all," said Mary Lee Kennedy, Senior Associate Provost for the Harvard Library.

      | Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals: Those wishing to learn more about the open access movement would be well served by turning to Bailey's Open Access Bibliography. . . .This title is a major contribution to the study of the open access movement in general, as well as its emergence in the early twenty-first century. — Mary Aycock, Library Resources and Technical Services 52, no. 3 (2008): 212-213. | Digital Scholarship |

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        World Bank Adopts Open Access Policy Putting Works Under Creative Commons Attribution License

        Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access on April 10th, 2012

        The World Bank has adopted an Open Access Policy that puts its works under a CC BY 3.0 License.

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        Two years after opening its vast storehouse of data to the public, the World Bank is consolidating more than 2,000 books, articles, reports and research papers in a search-engine friendly Open Knowledge Repository, and allowing the public to distribute, reuse and build upon much of its work—including commercially. . . .

        The repository and Creative Commons licenses are part of a new open access policy that takes effect on July 1 and will be phased in over the next year.

        Read more about it at "World Bank to Introduce Open Access Policy."

        | Works about Open Access by Charles W. Bailey, Jr. | Digital Scholarship |

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          The Power of Open

          Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access on April 9th, 2012

          The Creative Commons has released The Power of Open.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Creative Commons began providing licenses for the open sharing of content only a decade ago. Now more than 400 million CC-licensed works are available on the Internet, from music and photos, to research findings and entire college courses. Creative Commons created the legal and technical infrastructure that allows effective sharing of knowledge, art and data by individuals, organizations and governments. More importantly, millions of creators took advantage of that infrastructure to share work that enriches the global commons for all humanity.

          The Power of Open collects the stories of those creators. Some are like ProPublica, a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative news organization that uses CC while partnering with the world’s largest media companies. Others like nomadic filmmaker Vincent Moon use CC licensing as an essential element of a lifestyle of openness in pursuit of creativity. The breadth of uses is as great as the creativity of the individuals and organizations choosing to open their content, art and ideas to the rest of the world.

          Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography: "This bibliography is recommended for everyone interested in open access publishing." — M. Blobaum, Journal of the Medical Library Association 100, no. 1 (2012): 73.

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            Nature Publishing Group Launches Linked Data Platform and Puts Data in Public Domain

            Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Public Domain, Publishing on April 4th, 2012

            The Nature Publishing Group has launched a linked data platform.

            Here's an excerpt from the press release:

            Nature Publishing Group (NPG) today is pleased to join the linked data community by opening up access to its publication data via a linked data platform. NPG's Linked Data Platform is available at

            The platform includes more than 20 million Resource Description Framework (RDF) statements, including primary metadata for more than 450,000 articles published by NPG since 1869. In this first release, the datasets include basic citation information (title, author, publication date, etc) as well as NPG specific ontologies. These datasets are being released under an open metadata license, Creative Commons Zero (CC0), which permits maximal use/re-use of this data.

            | Digital Scholarship's Digital/Print Books | Digital Scholarship |

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              Open Definition Licenses Service Launched

              Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses on February 16th, 2012

              The Open Knowledge Foundation has launched the Open Definition Licenses Service.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              The service is ultra simple in purpose and function. It provides:

              • Information on licenses for open data, open content, and open-source software in machine readable form (JSON)
              • A simple web API that allows you retrieve this information over the web — including using javascript in a browser via JSONP

              In addition to the service there’s also:

              • A licenses git repo and project on github
              • An Open Licenses dataset on the DataHub. . . .

              There's data on more than 100 open (and a few closed) licenses including all OSI-approved open source licenses and all Open Definition conformant open data and content licenses. Also included are a few closed licenses as well as "generics" — licensed representing a category (useful where a user does not know the exact license but knows, for example, that the material only requires attribution).

              | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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                Three New Documents about Creative Commons Licenses for Data

                Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on January 16th, 2012

                The Creative Commons has released three new documents about the use of its licenses for data: "Data," "Data and CC Licenses," and "CC0 Use for Data."

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement by Sarah Hinchliff Pearson:

                We have done a lot of thinking about data in the past year. As a result, we have recently published a set of detailed FAQs designed to help explain how CC licenses work with data and databases.

                These FAQs are intended to:

                1. alert CC licensors that some uses of their data and databases may not trigger the license conditions,
                2. reiterate to licensees that CC licenses do not restrict them from doing anything they are otherwise permitted to do under the law, and
                3. clear up confusion about how the version 3.0 CC licenses treat sui generis database rights.

                | Digital Scholarship's Weblogs and Tweets | Digital Scholarship |

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                  Author-Pays Open Access Option Using CC-By License Now Available for Many Physical Review Journals

                  Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on February 16th, 2011

                  Authors who publish in many Physical Review journals now have the option to pay an article-processing fee in order to have their articles published as open access articles under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License (CC-By License). Two Physical Review journals (Physical Review Special Topics—Accelerators and Beams and Physical Review Special Topics—Physics Education Research) have been fully converted to open access under the CC-By License. The APS announced a new open access journal in January, Physical Review X.

                  Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                  The new article-processing charges, which will cover all costs and provide a sustainable funding model, have been set at $1700 for papers in the Physical Review and $2700 for those in Physical Review Letters. The resulting open access articles will appear alongside and mixed in with subscription-funded articles, converting these journals into "hybrid" open access journals.

                  "The most selective of our journals must have higher article-processing charges for their open access articles," said Gene Sprouse, APS Editor in Chief. "Physical Review accepts about 60% of articles submitted and Physical Review Letters roughly 25%, so the costs are higher than in less selective journals."

                  Revenue from the article-processing charges will decrease the need for subscription income and help to keep the APS subscription price-per-article among the lowest of any physics journals. "We'd like to reduce the pressure on library subscriptions, while opening access more widely. Article-processing charges are a means to accomplish both," said Joseph Serene, APS Treasurer/Publisher.

                  | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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                    How to License Research Data

                    Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on February 14th, 2011

                    The Digital Curation Centre has released How to License Research Data.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    This guide will help you decide how to apply a licence to your research data, and which licence would be most suitable. It should provide you with an awareness of why licensing data is important, the impact licences have on future research, and the potential pitfalls to avoid. It concentrates on the UK context, though some aspects apply internationally; it does not, however, provide legal advice. The guide should interest both the principal investigators and researchers responsible for the data, and those who provide access to them through a data centre, repository or archive.

                    | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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                      Creative Commons and Public Sector Information: Flexible Tools to Support PSI Creators and Re-Users

                      Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access, Reports and White Papers on February 13th, 2011

                      The European Public Sector Information (PSI) Platform has released Creative Commons and Public Sector Information: Flexible Tools to Support PSI Creators and Re-Users.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      Public sector information (PSI) is meant for wide re-use, but this information will only achieve maximum possible impact if users understand how they may use it. Creative Commons tools, which signify availability for re-use to users and require attribution to the releasing authority, are ideal tools for the sharing of public sector information. There is also increasing interest in open licenses and other tools to share publicly funded information, data, and content, including various kinds of cultural resources, educational materials, and research findings; Creative Commons tools are applicable here and recommended for these purposes too.

                      | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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                        Special Issue of PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication about the Creative Commons

                        Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on February 7th, 2011

                        PLATFORM: Journal of Media and Communication has published a special issue about the Creative Commons.

                        Here's an excerpt from the issue's editorial by Elliott Bledsoe and Jessica Coates:

                        We are privileged to be able to begin this issue with an interview with one of the leading thinkers in the field, Esther Wojcicki, the Vice-Chair of the Creative Commons Board of Directors. Esther is an award winning journalist and educator, who has taught at Palo Alto High School in California for 25 years and blogs regularly for The Huffington Post and Hotchalk. She is an articulate and experienced advocate of open, using it in her professional and personal life. In Wojcicki’s interview she introduces us to the background philosophy of Creative Commons through the lens of her experience, giving her take on why rights literacy is necessary to teach a generation that will work and play primarily on the net.

                        Providing a broader overview of where things are at, the issue commences with Rachel Cobcroft’s piece chronicling the development of the international Creative Commons Case Studies initiative. The 2-year-old qualitative research project uses real world examples to gauge the impact of the Creative Commons licensing scheme's legal, technological, social, media and policy initiatives. As well as providing the fundamentals of the Creative Commons model, Cobcroft's piece examines the progress of open content licensing; identifies models of implementation and licensing trends across industry sectors as diverse as music, government, wikis and fashion; and, perhaps most importantly, explores individual motivations for the adoption of open philosophies.

                        A similar focus on motivations is central to our second piece by Cheryl Foong. However, in contrast to the broad picture provided by Cobcroft, Foong takes a narrow focus for her analysis, asking the question can open philosophies go hand in hand with commercial gain? Drawing on examples of adoption of Creative Commons licensing by content creators and intermediaries, Foong concludes that, if used wisely, the open licensing scheme can be a useful tool for those creators who wish to circumvent traditional distribution channels dominated by content intermediaries, while maintaining a level of control over their copyright works. However, Foong identifies a need for caution – giving your work away is not a business model in itself, and only those who can successfully adapt the tools provided by the open movement to, as Techdirt CEO Mike Masnick puts it, connect with fans and give them a reason to buy,. . . will achieve success in this space.

                        The message that open is valuable, but does not solve all problems is taken up in our third paper, a collaborative piece by Alexandra Crosby and Ferdiansyah Thajib. Viewed through the lens of video activism in Indonesia, Crosby and Thajib seek to explore the experience of individual creators attempting to tackle the behemoth of copyright in the liberated, but confusing, internet age. In doing so, they argue that while open licensing is an improvement on the models of the past, there is not yet a solution for the problems of copyright management that fits the Indonesian context. Of particular concern are issues of collaboration and credit in a world where attribution is the new currency, and the increasing gap between the global rhetoric of copyright enforcement and the diversity of practices on the ground. In the end Crosby and Thajib conclude that if the commons movement is to be successful in Indonesia, it must address cultural issues, images of imperialism and practical barriers to clear and open licensing in a society where no strong copyright tradition exists.

                        The final paper by Peter Jakobsson also focuses on the principle of collaboration that underpins the current commons movement, but with a more critical, theoretical eye. Relying primarily on the analytical model provided by Rene Girard's theory of mimetic desire, Jakobsson examines the relationship between the growing trend, and rhetoric, of cooperation on the ‘social web' and the often undervalued importance of competition in the same field. In doing so, he argues that both competition and collaboration are not only valuable but central to the new forms and platforms of cultural production. Most interestingly, to demonstrate his argument he draws on the real world example of YouTube's Partnership program, demonstrating that even in a limitless world, scarcity still exists in resources such as viewer attention.

                        | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview |

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