Archive for the 'Creative Commons/Open Licenses' Category

Over 100 Million Creative Commons Licensed Images on Flickr

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses on March 29th, 2009

There are now over 100 million Creative Commons licensed images on Flickr.

The post "Analysis of 100M CC-Licensed Images on Flickr" examines what types of licenses are used for those images. Here's a brief breakdown:

  • Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works: 33%
  • Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike: 29%
  • Attribution Non-Commercial: 14%
  • Attribution: 12%
  • Attribution-Share Alike: 8%
  • Attribution-No Derivatives: 4%

In light of these results, the author states:

Thus it would seem that the bulk of photos are licensed rather restrictively. That basically means authors rarely tend to release their works with creative and commercial freedoms. 76% of all photos bar commercial use. At the same time, it means that 24%, or 24 million photos, do allow for commercial use with minimal restrictions. For example, over 12 millions photos are completely free to use, as long as the author of the image is attributed.

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    DCC Overview of the Science Commons

    Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access on March 4th, 2009

    The Digital Curation Centre has released an overview of the Science Commons as part of its Legal Watch Papers series.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Science Commons is a branch of Creative Commons that aims to make the Web work for science the way that it currently works for culture. It is a non-profit organisation aimed at accelerating the research cycle which they define as "the continuous production and reuse of knowledge that is at the heart of the scientific method." Science Commons describes itself as having three interlocking initiatives: making scientific research 'reuseful'; enabling 'one-click' access to research materials; and integrating fragmented information sources

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      The New Creative Commons License: CC0 1.0 Universal Lets Rights Holders Waive Their Rights

      Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Public Domain on March 2nd, 2009

      The Creative Commons has released CC0 1.0 Universal, the "no rights reserved" license.

      Here's an excerpt from the CC0 FAQ:

      Are CC0 and CC's Public Domain Dedication and Certification ("PDDC") the same?

      No. PDDC was intended to serve two purposes—to allow copyright holders to "dedicate" a work to the public domain, and to allow people to "certify" a work as being in the public domain. Our experience with PDDC shows that having a single tool performing both of these functions can be confusing.

      CC0 is a single purpose tool, designed to take on the dedication function PDDC has been performing, but in a more complete and legally robust way. CC0 is universal in its applicability, intended for use world-wide by anyone anywhere holding copyright or database interests in a work. PDDC is based on U.S. law, and the enforceability of its dedication function outside of the U.S. is not certain.

      Read more about it at "CC0: Waiving Copyrights" and "Want to Waive Copyright? Creative Commons Has a Tool for You."

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        Creative Commons Interview with Molly Kleinman, University of Michigan Library Copyright Specialist

        Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on February 20th, 2009

        In "University of Michigan Library," Cameron Parkins of the Creative Commons interviews Molly Kleinman, University of Michigan Library Copyright Specialist.

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          Rufus Pollock on Open Data and Licensing

          Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Public Domain on February 2nd, 2009

          In "Open Data Openness and Licensing," Rufus Pollock, a Cambridge University economist, tackles the question of whether open research data should be licensed.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Over the last couple of years there has been substantial discussion about the licensing (or not) of (open) data and what "open" should mean. In this debate there two distinct, but related, strands:

          1. Some people have argued that licensing is inappropriate (or unnecessary) for data.
          2. Disagreement about what "open" should mean. Specifically: does openness allow for attribution and share-alike "requirements" or should "open" data mean "public domain" data?

          These points are related because arguments for the inappropriateness of licensing data usually go along the lines: data equates to facts over which no monopoly IP rights can or should be granted; as such all data is automatically in the public domain and hence there is nothing to license (and worse "licensing" amounts to an attempt to "enclose" the public domain).

          However, even those who think that open data can/should only be public domain data still agree that it is reasonable and/or necessary to have some set of community "rules" or "norms" governing usage of data. Therefore, the question of what requirements should be allowed for "open" data is a common one, whatever one"s stance on the PD question.

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            Podcast Interview with John Wilbanks of the Science Commons Project

            Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access on January 16th, 2009

            Gerry Bayne of EDUCAUSE has released "CNI Podcast: The Science Commons Project—An Interview with John Wilbanks."

            Here's an excerpt from the abstract:

            Science Commons, a project of Creative Commons, has three interlocking initiatives designed to accelerate the research cycle. These include making scientific research “re-useful”, enabling “one-click” access to research materials, and integrating fragmented information sources. Together, these initiatives form the building blocks of a new collaborative infrastructure to make scientific discovery easier by design. Wilbanks discusses the copyright and technical challenges of contemplating a true knowledge browser.

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              New Press to Publish Viral Spiral: How the Commoners Built a Digital Republic of Their Own

              Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access, Open Source Software on December 14th, 2008

              The New Press will publish David Bollier's Viral Spiral: How the Commoners Built a Digital Republic of Their Own.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              Reporting from the heart of this "free culture" movement, journalist and activist David Bollier provides the first comprehensive history of the attempt by a global brigade of techies, lawyers, artists, musicians, scientists, businesspeople, innovators, and geeks of all stripes to create a digital republic committed to freedom and innovation. Viral Spiral —the term Bollier coins to describe the almost-magical process by which Internet users can come together to build online commons and tools—brilliantly interweaves the disparate strands of this eclectic movement. The story describes major technological developments and pivotal legal struggles, as well as fascinating profiles of hacker Richard Stallman, copyright scholar Lawrence Lessig, and other colorful figures.

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                Draft Creative Commons Licences—Briefing Paper Available

                Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on November 20th, 2008

                Naomi Korn and Professor Charles Oppenheim have written a draft Creative Commons Licences—Briefing Paper for inclusion in the upcoming Strategic Content Alliance IPR Toolkit, a collection of documents about intellectual property rights (JISC funds the SCA). The document explains Creative Commons Licenses, and it examines their pros and cons.

                The document, as well as other IPR Toolkit drafts, are now available.

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                  Copyright Clearance Center Launches Ozmo, a Commercial License Service, as Beta

                  Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Licenses on November 18th, 2008

                  The Copyright Clearance Center has launched Ozmo, a web-based commercial license service that supports the Creative Commons CC+ protocol, in beta mode.

                  Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                  Ozmo puts artists and writers in control. They select their license terms and set the price for the use of their content. Then, CCC puts its three decades of licensing expertise to work. CCC handles the entire licensing process and all payments go through Amazon’s Flexible Payment Service when a license is purchased. With Ozmo, buyers know instantly that they have the right to use the content and sellers know how their content is being used.

                  There are no set-up fees with Ozmo and content creators can license as much content as they want. Payment is collected from the buyer when the rights are purchased. Ozmo even helps sellers track and manage sales and buying trends. Ozmo supports the Creative Commons CC+ protocol for bridging the gap between commercial and non-commercial licensing. Content creators can apply the Creative Commons link for non-commercial use, and the Ozmo link for commercial use. . . .

                  How Ozmo works

                  To get started, users need only create a free Ozmo profile. Then, the content creator selects his or her license terms and pricing, and registers the work with Ozmo. Sellers can add an image, banner or bio that will be displayed with their work. Profile information can even be pulled over directly from Facebook. Using Ozmo is easy because it works with content where ever it resides online. Content creators never have to re-enter their work; Ozmo simply links back to the original host location.

                  Buyers, such as design firms, publishers, bloggers and other journalists, who want to tap in to the fresh content available through Ozmo, can do so by searching the Ozmo website or clicking on the Ozmo link wherever they find it online. CCC handles the billing, the buyer receives the license by email and the content creator gets paid. It’s that simple.

                  Read more about it at "Ozmo Launches with CC+ Protocol Support."

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                    New GNU Free Document License Will Allow Wikipedia to Use Creative Commons License

                    Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on November 6th, 2008

                    At the request of the Wikimedia Foundation, the Free Software Foundation has modified the GNU Free Document License so that, in the newly released version 1.3 of that license, the Wikipedia, which uses the GNU FDL License, can use the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 license.

                    In "Enormously Important News from the Free Software Foundation," Lawrence Lessig discusses the significance of this change.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    It would be hard to overstate the importance of this change to the Free Culture community. A fundamental flaw in the Free Culture Movement to date is that its most important element—Wikipedia—is licensed in a way that makes it incompatible with an enormous range of other content in the Free Culture Movement. One solution to this, of course, would be for everything to move to the FDL. But that license was crafted initially for manuals, and there were a number of technical reasons why it would not work well (and in some cases, at all) for certain important kinds of culture.

                    This change would now permit interoperability among Free Culture projects, just as the dominance of the GNU GPL enables interoperability among Free Software projects. It thus eliminates an unnecessary and unproductive hinderance to the spread and growth of Free Culture.

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                      Author's Rights, Tout de Suite

                      Posted in Author Rights, Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Disciplinary Archives, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Publishing, Self-Archiving on October 27th, 2008

                      Author's Rights, Tout de Suite, the latest Digital Scholarship publication, is designed to give journal article authors a quick introduction to key aspects of author's rights and to foster further exploration of this topic through liberal use of relevant references to online documents and links to pertinent Web sites.

                      It is under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License, and it can be freely used for any noncommercial purpose, including derivative works, in accordance with the license.

                      The prior publication in the Tout de Suite series, Institutional Repositories, Tout de Suite, is also available.

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                        University of Michigan Library Will Use Creative Commons Licenses for Its Works

                        Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on October 17th, 2008

                        The University of Michigan Library has announced that it will use Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial licenses for works that it creates for which the Regents of the University of Michigan hold the copyrights.

                        Here's an except from the press release:

                        University Librarian Paul Courant said, "Using Creative Commons licenses is another way the University Library can act on its commitment to the public good. By marking our copyrighted content as available for reuse, we offer the University community and the public a rich set of educational resources free from traditional permissions barriers." . . .

                        All original copyrighted material that is created by Library staff and in which the copyright belongs to the Regents of the University of Michigan will be available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial license. This includes bibliographies, research guides, lesson plans, and other resources. For some samples of the kinds of excellent resources that will now be available for adaptation and re-use, see our many Library Research Guides, the Usability Studies produced by the Library's Usability Working Group, or the tutorials for using spatial and numeric data

                        The Library has begun attaching Creative Commons licenses to content throughout its website, but some pages do not include the license code yet. The licenses will be fully integrated into the Library's new website design, scheduled for release in Fall 2008.

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