Archive for the 'Creative Commons/Open Licenses' Category

Public Perceptions of Copyright and the Creative Commons: Bunnyfoot User Testing Report: OPSI—Crown Copyright

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on June 10th, 2009

The UK Office of Public Sector Information has released the Bunnyfoot User Testing Report: OPSI—Crown Copyright.

Here's an excerpt:

75% of respondents did not recognise this image [Creative Commons Attribution License symbol].

Lack of recognition was highest amongst the "general public"—87%. And lowest amongst respondents from the OPSI website—55% did not recognise the image.

The majority did not understand the meaning of the image. Understanding was highest amongst the OPSI website respondents—35%.

This is not surprising as this group was also the group in which the most had heard of Creative Commons licences before—47% (vs 10% of the "general public" and 29% of the OPSI database).

Only those likely to be more familiar with copyright (inferred from their route to the survey) are likely to have a previous understanding of Creative Commons terminology and imagery. One might argue that if these are used moving forward, more people will become more familiar with these, however, the benefits at this stage of shared/added meaning would only really apply to a minority—a minority who are likely to have a strong understanding of Crown copyright already.

Creative Commons License Facebook App

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Social Media/Web 2.0 on May 19th, 2009

Fred Benenson has released a Creative Commons License Facebook application.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Last weekend I spent Saturday morning writing the Creative Commons License Application for Facebook. The premise is simple: installing the application allows Facebook users choose and place a CC license badge on their profile page indicating which license they want their content to be available under. Alongside the badge is text that explains what content (Photos, Videos and Status & Profile text are currently available as options) is licensed.

This surrounding text also contains RDFa, though this is of limited utility to search engines since Facebook profiles are not yet publicly indexed.

Digital Video: Remix Culture: Fair Use is Your Friend

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digital Copyright Wars on May 18th, 2009

The Center for Social Media at American University has released Remix Culture: Fair Use is Your Friend.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Last summer the release of the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video nearly crashed our servers with people downloading the document. Based on this demand, we created Remix Culture: Fair Use Is Your Friend is a collaboration with the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property—a program of AU's Washington College of Law—along with Stanford Law School's Fair Use Project. The video was funded by Google.

See also the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video.

Digital Video: The Commons: Celebrating Accomplishments, Discerning Futures

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on April 30th, 2009

A digital video of the Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet & Society panel discussion "The Commons: Celebrating Accomplishments, Discerning Futures" is now available.

R&DTV: BBC Offers Digital Video Program Under Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses on April 13th, 2009

The BBC is offering a new digital video program called R&DTV under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license

Here's an excerpt from the post:

We expect most people will just enjoy watching the videos, but if you want to explore or see footage which didn't make it into the cut for what ever reason, the asset bundle is your friend. The clips are mostly uncut & straight from our cameras and although this may be too much for most people, it makes great footage for those who want to remix and mashup our interviews with their own or others.

Read more about it at "BBC Airs, Releases Program under Creative Commons License."

Wikimedia Commons Gets 250,000 Creative Commons Licensed Images from Saxony-State and University Library Dresden

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access, Research Libraries on April 2nd, 2009

The Land Library of Saxony-State and University Library Dresden has agreed to make 250,000 image files available on the Wikimedia Commons under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

As the first German library, the Land Library of Saxony-State and University Library Dresden (SLUB) has concluded a cooperation agreement with Wikimedia Germany e.V. In a first step, the German Photo Collection of the SLUB makes available ca. 250,000 image files from its repository for free use to Wikimedia Commons, a sister project of Wikipedia.

The photos, the corresponding captions and further meta data will be uploaded to Commons during the coming months by voluntary helpers of Wikimedia, then connected step-by-step with personal identification data and the relevant Wikipedia articles. Apart from that, the metadata supplied by the German Photo Collection can be enriched, commented on and supplied with geographical detail by Wikipedia users. All results of this work are flowing back to the database of the German Photo Collection. In this way, the SLUB too directly profits from the new collaboration.

No rights of third parties concerning the image material supplied are standing in the way of using it under the free license "Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0". The cooperation will, in the words of Dr Jens Bove, the director of the German Photo Collection, "enhance the publicity and reach of the photographic treasures of the German Photo Collection". At the same time, the SLUB is a clear testament to the support of the international Open Access Initiative, which seeks open access to scientific information.

Over 100 Million Creative Commons Licensed Images on Flickr

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses on March 29th, 2009

There are now over 100 million Creative Commons licensed images on Flickr.

The post "Analysis of 100M CC-Licensed Images on Flickr" examines what types of licenses are used for those images. Here's a brief breakdown:

  • Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works: 33%
  • Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike: 29%
  • Attribution Non-Commercial: 14%
  • Attribution: 12%
  • Attribution-Share Alike: 8%
  • Attribution-No Derivatives: 4%

In light of these results, the author states:

Thus it would seem that the bulk of photos are licensed rather restrictively. That basically means authors rarely tend to release their works with creative and commercial freedoms. 76% of all photos bar commercial use. At the same time, it means that 24%, or 24 million photos, do allow for commercial use with minimal restrictions. For example, over 12 millions photos are completely free to use, as long as the author of the image is attributed.

DCC Overview of the Science Commons

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access on March 4th, 2009

The Digital Curation Centre has released an overview of the Science Commons as part of its Legal Watch Papers series.

Here's an excerpt:

Science Commons is a branch of Creative Commons that aims to make the Web work for science the way that it currently works for culture. It is a non-profit organisation aimed at accelerating the research cycle which they define as "the continuous production and reuse of knowledge that is at the heart of the scientific method." Science Commons describes itself as having three interlocking initiatives: making scientific research 'reuseful'; enabling 'one-click' access to research materials; and integrating fragmented information sources

The New Creative Commons License: CC0 1.0 Universal Lets Rights Holders Waive Their Rights

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Public Domain on March 2nd, 2009

The Creative Commons has released CC0 1.0 Universal, the "no rights reserved" license.

Here's an excerpt from the CC0 FAQ:

Are CC0 and CC's Public Domain Dedication and Certification ("PDDC") the same?

No. PDDC was intended to serve two purposes—to allow copyright holders to "dedicate" a work to the public domain, and to allow people to "certify" a work as being in the public domain. Our experience with PDDC shows that having a single tool performing both of these functions can be confusing.

CC0 is a single purpose tool, designed to take on the dedication function PDDC has been performing, but in a more complete and legally robust way. CC0 is universal in its applicability, intended for use world-wide by anyone anywhere holding copyright or database interests in a work. PDDC is based on U.S. law, and the enforceability of its dedication function outside of the U.S. is not certain.

Read more about it at "CC0: Waiving Copyrights" and "Want to Waive Copyright? Creative Commons Has a Tool for You."

Creative Commons Interview with Molly Kleinman, University of Michigan Library Copyright Specialist

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on February 20th, 2009

In "University of Michigan Library," Cameron Parkins of the Creative Commons interviews Molly Kleinman, University of Michigan Library Copyright Specialist.

Rufus Pollock on Open Data and Licensing

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Public Domain on February 2nd, 2009

In "Open Data Openness and Licensing," Rufus Pollock, a Cambridge University economist, tackles the question of whether open research data should be licensed.

Here's an excerpt:

Over the last couple of years there has been substantial discussion about the licensing (or not) of (open) data and what "open" should mean. In this debate there two distinct, but related, strands:

  1. Some people have argued that licensing is inappropriate (or unnecessary) for data.
  2. Disagreement about what "open" should mean. Specifically: does openness allow for attribution and share-alike "requirements" or should "open" data mean "public domain" data?

These points are related because arguments for the inappropriateness of licensing data usually go along the lines: data equates to facts over which no monopoly IP rights can or should be granted; as such all data is automatically in the public domain and hence there is nothing to license (and worse "licensing" amounts to an attempt to "enclose" the public domain).

However, even those who think that open data can/should only be public domain data still agree that it is reasonable and/or necessary to have some set of community "rules" or "norms" governing usage of data. Therefore, the question of what requirements should be allowed for "open" data is a common one, whatever one"s stance on the PD question.

Podcast Interview with John Wilbanks of the Science Commons Project

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access on January 16th, 2009

Gerry Bayne of EDUCAUSE has released "CNI Podcast: The Science Commons Project—An Interview with John Wilbanks."

Here's an excerpt from the abstract:

Science Commons, a project of Creative Commons, has three interlocking initiatives designed to accelerate the research cycle. These include making scientific research “re-useful”, enabling “one-click” access to research materials, and integrating fragmented information sources. Together, these initiatives form the building blocks of a new collaborative infrastructure to make scientific discovery easier by design. Wilbanks discusses the copyright and technical challenges of contemplating a true knowledge browser.


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