Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

"Research Data Management at the University of Warwick: Recent Steps towards a Joined-up Approach at a UK University"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 18th, 2013

Jenny Delasalle has published "Research Data Management at the University of Warwick: Recent Steps towards a Joined-up Approach at a UK University" in LIBREAS. Library Ideas.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper charts the steps taken and possible ways forward for the University of Warwick in its approach to research data management, providing a typical example of a UK research university's approach in two strands: requirements and support. The UK government approach and funding landscape in relation to research data management provided drivers for the University of Warwick to set requirements and provide support, and examples of good practice at other institutions, support from a central national body (the UK Digital Curation Centre) and learning from other universities' experiences all proved valuable to the University of Warwick. Through interviews with researchers at Warwick, various issues and challenges are revealed: perhaps the biggest immediate challenges for Warwick going forward are overcoming scepticism amongst researchers, overcoming costs, and understanding the implications of involving third party companies in research data management. Building technical infrastructure could sit alongside and beyond those immediate steps and beyond the challenges that face one University are those that affect academia as a whole.

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    "Mandates and the Contributions of Open Genomic Data"

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on October 18th, 2013

    Jingfeng Xia has published "Mandates and the Contributions of Open Genomic Data" in Publications.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This research attempts to seek changing patterns of raw data availability and their correlations with implementations of open mandate policies. With a list of 13,785 journal articles whose authors archived datasets in a popular biomedical data repository after these articles were published in journals, this research uses regression analysis to test the correlations between data contributions and mandate implementations. It finds that both funder-based and publisher-based mandates have a strong impact on scholars' likelihood to contribute to open data repositories. Evidence also suggests that like policies have changed the habit of authors in selecting publishing venues: open access journals have been apparently preferred by those authors whose projects are sponsored by the federal government agencies, and these journals are also highly ranked in the biomedical fields. Various stakeholders, particularly institutional administrators and open access professionals, may find the findings of this research helpful for adjusting data management policies to increase the number of quality free datasets and enhance data usability.

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      "Metadata is a Love Note to the Future—UK Higher Education Research Data Management (RDM) Survey"

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 16th, 2013

      Martin Hamilton has released "Metadata is a Love Note to the Future—UK Higher Education Research Data Management (RDM) Survey."

      Here's an excerpt:

      I'm delighted to be able to present here the results of our recent survey of the UK Higher Education community's plans for Research Data Management, along with a little initial analysis and an executive summary. To stay true to the spirit of openness, we have made a redacted version of the raw data available, along with our analysis, using the figshare cloud RDM service.

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        European Landscape Study of Research Data Management

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 24th, 2013

        SURF has released the European Landscape Study of Research Data Management.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This report presents the results of an online survey to establish which interventions are already being used by funding agencies, research institutions, national bodies and publishers across the European Union member states and a number of countries outside Europe in order to improve the capacity and skills of researchers in making effective use of research data infrastructures. It also makes recommendations that organisations can adopt to help their researchers. . . .

        Interviews with researchers indicate that the main drivers for writing a data management plan are requirements by the funder or the publisher. Nearly half of the research funders who took part in the survey have a policy covering research data management, whilst a quarter of the funders require data management plans as part of the grant application. Data management plans should address data acquisition, use, re-use, storage and protection and the rights of ownership. Just over one third of the responding funding organisations designate a specific organisation for preservation, although no term has been identified.

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          Presentations from Research Data Management Forum 10

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 20th, 2013

          Presentations from the Research Data Management Forum 10 are now available.

          Here are some representative presentations:

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            "Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data"

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 16th, 2013

            The CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation Standards and Practices has published "Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data" (edited by Yvonne M. Socha) in the Data Science Journal.

            Here's an excerpt:

            The use of published digital data, like the use of digitally published literature, depends upon the ability to identify, authenticate, locate, access, and interpret them. Data citations provide necessary support for these functions, as well as other functions such as attribution of credit and establishment of provenance. References to data, however, present challenges not encountered in references to literature. For example, how can one specify a particular subset of data in the absence of familiar conventions such as page numbers or chapters? The traditions and good practices for maintaining the scholarly record by proper references to a work are well established and understood in regard to journal articles and other literature, but attributing credit by bibliographic references to data are not yet so broadly implemented. This report discusses the current state of data citation practices, its supporting infrastructure, a set of guiding principles for implementing data citation, challenges to implementation of good data citation practices, and open research questions

            .

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              "How Portable Are the Metadata Standards for Scientific Data? A Proposal for a Metadata Infrastructure"

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on September 10th, 2013

              Jian Qin and Kai Li have self-archived "How Portable Are the Metadata Standards for Scientific Data? A Proposal for a Metadata Infrastructure."

              Here's an excerpt:

              The one-covers-all approach in current metadata standards for scientific data has serious limitations in keeping up with the ever-growing data. This paper reports the findings from a survey to metadata standards in the scientific data domain and argues for the need for a metadata infrastructure. The survey collected 4400+ unique elements from 16 standards and categorized these elements into 9 categories. Findings from the data included that the highest counts of element occurred in the descriptive category and many of them overlapped with DC elements. This pattern also repeated in the elements co-occurred in different standards. A small number of semantically general elements appeared across the largest numbers of standards while the rest of the element co-occurrences formed a long tail with a wide range of specific semantics. The paper discussed implications of the findings in the context of metadata portability and infrastructure and pointed out that large, complex standards and widely varied naming practices are the major hurdles for building a metadata infrastructure.

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                "Federal Research Data Requirements Set to Change"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Legislation and Government Regulation on September 9th, 2013

                Abigail Goben and Dorothea Salo have published "Federal Research Data Requirements Set to Change" in the latest issue of College & Research Libraries News.

                Here's an excerpt from:

                FERPA, HIPAA, FOIA, and other sunshine laws, National Science Foundation data-management plans—grant-funded research data has had compliance strings attached for some time. Attention to research data is now even more heightened following the responses of the federal agencies in August to the Obama Administration's Office for Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) directive from February 2013.2 Research libraries will need to educate and partner with researchers to improve understanding and compliance, promote proper archiving of digital data, and expand discovery and reuse of research datasets

                .

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                  Draft Policy on Open Access for Data and Information

                  Posted in Copyright, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Publishing on September 6th, 2013

                  The EU e-infrastructure coordination pro-iBiosphere project has released the Draft Policy on Open Access for Data and Information.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  The document addresses legal issues that hamper an integrative system for managing biodiversity knowledge in Europe. It describes the importance for scientists to have access to documents and data in order to synthesize disparate information and to facilitate data mining (or similar research techniques). It explores some aspects of copyright and database protection that influence access to and re-use of biodiversity data and information and refers to exceptions and limitations of copyright or database protection provided for within the relevant EU Directives.

                  The scientists also suggest that publicly funded institutions should refrain from claiming intellectual property rights for biodiversity data and information published or made accessible by them. Re-use of biodiversity data and information for research purposes should be allowed without any form of authorization. The only claims that publicly funded institutions should make are to ensure users fully acknowledge the sources of information that they rely on.

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                    figshare for Institutions Launched

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories, Open Science on September 5th, 2013

                    figshare has launched an instiutional service for research data.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    figshare today announces the launch of 'figshare for Institutions'—a simple and cost-effective software solution for academic and higher education establishments to both securely host and make publicly available its academic research outputs. figshare, allows academic institutions to publish, share and get credit for their research data, hosting videos, datasets, posters, figures and theses in a cost-effective way.

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                      Special Issue on Research Data Access and Preservation

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on August 19th, 2013

                      The latest issue of the Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology focuses on research data access and preservation.

                      Here's a selection of articles:

                      • "Partnerships Between Institutional Repositories, Domain Repositories and Publishers"
                      • "The Relevance of Research Data Sharing and Reuse Studies"
                      • "Tracking Citations and Altmetrics for Research Data: Challenges and Opportunities"
                      • "The Research Data Alliance: Implementing the Technology, Practice and Connections of a Data Infrastructure"
                      • "The DCC's Institutional Engagements: Raising Research Data Management Capacity in UK Higher Education"

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                        "If We Share Data, Will Anyone Use Them? Data Sharing and Reuse in the Long Tail of Science and Technology"

                        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science on July 29th, 2013

                        Jillian C. Wallis, Elizabeth Rolando, and Christine L. Borgman have published "If We Share Data, Will Anyone Use Them? Data Sharing and Reuse in the Long Tail of Science and Technology" in PLOS ONE.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Research on practices to share and reuse data will inform the design of infrastructure to support data collection, management, and discovery in the long tail of science and technology. These are research domains in which data tend to be local in character, minimally structured, and minimally documented. We report on a ten-year study of the Center for Embedded Network Sensing (CENS), a National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center. We found that CENS researchers are willing to share their data, but few are asked to do so, and in only a few domain areas do their funders or journals require them to deposit data. Few repositories exist to accept data in CENS research areas.. Data sharing tends to occur only through interpersonal exchanges. CENS researchers obtain data from repositories, and occasionally from registries and individuals, to provide context, calibration, or other forms of background for their studies. Neither CENS researchers nor those who request access to CENS data appear to use external data for primary research questions or for replication of studies. CENS researchers are willing to share data if they receive credit and retain first rights to publish their results. Practices of releasing, sharing, and reusing of data in CENS reaffirm the gift culture of scholarship, in which goods are bartered between trusted colleagues rather than treated as commodities.

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