Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

"10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 15th, 2014

Alyssa Goodman et al. have self-archived "10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data" in arXiv.org.

Here's an excerpt:

This article offers a short guide to the steps scientists can take to ensure that their data and associated analyses continue to be of value and to be recognized. In just the past few years, hundreds of scholarly papers and reports have been written on questions of data sharing, data provenance, research reproducibility, licensing, attribution, privacy, and more, but our goal here is not to review that literature. Instead, we present a short guide intended for researchers who want to know why it is important to "care for and feed" data, with some practical advice on how to do that.

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"Speaking the Same Language: Building a Data Governance Program for Institutional Impact"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 10th, 2013

Michael J. Chapple has published "Speaking the Same Language: Building a Data Governance Program for Institutional Impact" in EDUCAUSE Review.

Here's an excerpt:

The need for consistent, reliable data across business and academic units is creating an unprecedented push toward strong data governance practices on college and university campuses. Working together, leaders from the central IT organization, the institutional research division, central administrative offices, and the academy can build a valuable platform to support data-driven decision-making across the institution. The tools used to create this platform will vary from institution to institution, but all should build toward the common goals of creating a data environment that embraces the five pillars of Quality & Consistency, Policies & Standards, Security & Privacy, Compliance, and Retention & Archiving.

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Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 9th, 2013

OCLC Research has released Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy.

Here's an excerpt:

Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy is a call for action that summarizes the benefits of systemic data management planning and identifies the stakeholders and their concerns. It also suggests that the library director proactively initiate a conversation among these stakeholders to get buy-in for a high-level, responsible data planning and management policy that is proactive, rather than reactive.

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"The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access, Open Science on December 3rd, 2013

Bart Ragon has published "The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data" in the latest issue of the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

Here's an excerpt:

Librarian involvement in the Open Access (OA) movement has traditionally focused on access to scholarly publications. Recent actions by the White House have focused attention on access on the data produced from federally sponsored research. Questions have emerged concerning access to the output of federally sponsored research and whether it is a public or private good. Understanding the political battle over access to federally funded research is closely tied to the ownership of the peer review process in higher education and associated revenue streams, and as a result, interest groups seeking to influence government regulation have politicized the issues. As a major funder of research in higher education, policies from the federal government are likely to drive change in research practices at higher education institutions and impact library services. The political economy of federally sponsored research data will shape research enterprises in higher education and inspire a number of new services distributed throughout the research life cycle.

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"Where Have All the Scientific Data Gone? LIS Perspective on the Data-At-Risk Predicament"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 7th, 2013

College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "Where Have All the Scientific Data Gone? LIS Perspective on the Data-At-Risk Predicament."

Here's an excerpt:

Scientists produce vast amounts of data that often are not preserved properly or do not have inventories, placing them at risk. As part of an effort to more fully understand the data-at-risk predicament, researchers engaged in the DARI project at UNC's Metadata Research Center surveyed information custodians working in a range of settings. The survey collected information on the data characteristics and preservation plans. Forty-three information custodians completed the survey. The results indicate that at-risk data include a variety of formats, subject areas, and ownership status, as well as compliance with a variety of standards. Although a majority of respondents agree data preservation is important, they caution that time is the greatest barrier to sharing these data. The study has implications for data rescue and for training information custodians.

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"Report on Data Management and Data-Management Plans for the History of Science Society Committee on Research and the Profession (September 6, 2013)"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 4th, 2013

Daniel Goldstein et al. have published "Report on Data Management and Data-Management Plans for the History of Science Society Committee on Research and the Profession (September 6, 2013)" in the History of Science Society Newsletter.

Here's an excerpt:

The growing attention paid to data management by funding agencies reflects two additional trends. First is the idea that agencies that fund research ought to have some say in how that research is disseminated. Second is a growing trend in academia toward the increased sharing and broader dissemination of research data. In addition to these contexts, our report is also informed by the recognition that some historians of science are employing computational methods in their research for which the accumulation of and shared access to data is increasingly central. This report therefore considers what data mean in the context of history of science, when they should and should not be shared, and what mechanisms exist or could be developed for their access and preservation. In the process, the report raises pertinent questions that should be considered and, perhaps, addressed by applicants for NSF grants, but it does not provide a template for grant application plans. This report is intended to serve as a starting point for discussion, to identify issues and suggest possibilities.

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"The Librarian as Research Informationist: A Case Study"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 30th, 2013

Lisa Federer has published "The Librarian as Research Informationist: A Case Study" in the Journal of the Medical Library Association.

Here's an excerpt:

Whereas traditional library services have generally focused on the "last mile" or finished product of the research process—the peer-reviewed literature—librarians have expertise that can help researchers create better research output in the form of more useful data. In the last several years, new policies from major funding bodies (such as the National Science Foundation's data management plan requirement and the NIH's public access policy) indicate that funders expect researchers to demonstrate the highest possible return on investment for their grant dollars. The need for better research data management has given rise to a new role for librarians: the "research informationist." Research informationists work with research teams at each step of the research process, from project inception and grant seeking to final publication, providing expert guidance on data management and preservation, bibliometric analysis, expert searching, compliance with grant funder policies regarding data management and open access, and other information-related areas.

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Issues in the Appraisal and Selection of Geospatial Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 28th, 2013

The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Issues in the Appraisal and Selection of Geospatial Data.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The report provides an illuminating background on the problem area, then suggests ways to establish criteria for appraisal and selection decisions for geospatial data. It then proposes some models and processes for appraisal and selection, including tools for the identification and evaluation of data resources and triggers for appraisal and selection, and finishes with further questions for the community to explore.

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Report of the European Commission Public Consultation on Open Research Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 22nd, 2013

The European Commission has released the Report of the European Commission Public Consultation on Open Research Data.

Here's an excerpt:

The European Commission held a public consultation on open research data on 2 July 2013 in Brussels, which was attended by a variety of stakeholders from the research community, industry, funders, libraries, publishers, infrastructure developers and others. The debate focused on five questions posed by the Commission to structure the debate and can be summarized as follows. Information on the consultation, including the agenda, the list of participants, the list of contributions and the final report are available here: http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/node/67533.

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"Data Curation Issues in the Chemical Sciences"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 21st, 2013

Colin L. Bird, Cerys Willoughby, Simon J. Coles, and Jeremy G. Frey have published "Data Curation Issues in the Chemical Sciences" in a special issue of Information Standards Quarterly on data curation.

Here's an excerpt:

In this article, the authors investigate the extent to which chemists respect the importance of curation in their day-to-day activities in the laboratory or, nowadays, frequently at the computer. They emphasize that an essential ingredient in the curation process is metadata, especially for capturing context, which critical for reproducibility. They also consider the potential roles for librarians and information specialists in assisting with scientific curation, both directly and in training scientists. They assert that curation practice will increasingly emphasize the capture of metadata at the time data and information are created, described as curation at source. Innovative and automated methods for curation will be needed to overcome the perceived burden of curation.

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"Research Data Management at the University of Warwick: Recent Steps towards a Joined-up Approach at a UK University"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 18th, 2013

Jenny Delasalle has published "Research Data Management at the University of Warwick: Recent Steps towards a Joined-up Approach at a UK University" in LIBREAS. Library Ideas.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper charts the steps taken and possible ways forward for the University of Warwick in its approach to research data management, providing a typical example of a UK research university's approach in two strands: requirements and support. The UK government approach and funding landscape in relation to research data management provided drivers for the University of Warwick to set requirements and provide support, and examples of good practice at other institutions, support from a central national body (the UK Digital Curation Centre) and learning from other universities' experiences all proved valuable to the University of Warwick. Through interviews with researchers at Warwick, various issues and challenges are revealed: perhaps the biggest immediate challenges for Warwick going forward are overcoming scepticism amongst researchers, overcoming costs, and understanding the implications of involving third party companies in research data management. Building technical infrastructure could sit alongside and beyond those immediate steps and beyond the challenges that face one University are those that affect academia as a whole.

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"Mandates and the Contributions of Open Genomic Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on October 18th, 2013

Jingfeng Xia has published "Mandates and the Contributions of Open Genomic Data" in Publications.

Here's an excerpt:

This research attempts to seek changing patterns of raw data availability and their correlations with implementations of open mandate policies. With a list of 13,785 journal articles whose authors archived datasets in a popular biomedical data repository after these articles were published in journals, this research uses regression analysis to test the correlations between data contributions and mandate implementations. It finds that both funder-based and publisher-based mandates have a strong impact on scholars' likelihood to contribute to open data repositories. Evidence also suggests that like policies have changed the habit of authors in selecting publishing venues: open access journals have been apparently preferred by those authors whose projects are sponsored by the federal government agencies, and these journals are also highly ranked in the biomedical fields. Various stakeholders, particularly institutional administrators and open access professionals, may find the findings of this research helpful for adjusting data management policies to increase the number of quality free datasets and enhance data usability.

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