Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

"Overly Honest Data Repository Development"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories on October 26th, 2016

Colleen Fallaw et al. have published "Overly Honest Data Repository Development" in Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

After a year of development, the library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has launched a repository, called the Illinois Data Bank (https://databank.illinois.edu/), to provide Illinois researchers with a free, self-serve publishing platform that centralizes, preserves, and provides persistent and reliable access to Illinois research data. This article presents a holistic view of development by discussing our overarching technical, policy, and interface strategies. By openly presenting our design decisions, the rationales behind those decisions, and associated challenges this paper aims to contribute to the library community's work to develop repository services that meet growing data preservation and sharing needs.

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"Understanding and Sustaining the Role of Academic Libraries in Research Data Management"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on October 19th, 2016

Ashley Sands has published "Understanding and Sustaining the Role of Academic Libraries in Research Data Management" in the UpNext Blog.

Here's an excerpt:

IMLS recently announced 41 awards made through the National Leadership Grants for Libraries program (NLG), the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian program (LB21), and Sparks! Ignition Grants for Libraries program (Sparks). Among these awards, we are pleased to support a number of projects seeking to understand and sustain the role of academic libraries in research data management. The three projects highlighted in this post represent a total investment of nearly $200,000.

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"Data Management in the Long Tail: Science, Software, and Service"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on October 13th, 2016

Christine L. Borgman et al. has published "Data Management in the Long Tail: Science, Software, and Service" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

Here's an excerpt:

Scientists in all fields face challenges in managing and sustaining access to their research data. The larger and longer term the research project, the more likely that scientists are to have resources and dedicated staff to manage their technology and data, leaving those scientists whose work is based on smaller and shorter term projects at a disadvantage. The volume and variety of data to be managed varies by many factors, only two of which are the number of collaborators and length of the project. As part of an NSF project to conceptualize the Institute for Empowering Long Tail Research, we explored opportunities offered by Software as a Service (SaaS). These cloud-based services are popular in business because they reduce costs and labor for technology management, and are gaining ground in scientific environments for similar reasons. We studied three settings where scientists conduct research in small and medium-sized laboratories. Two were NSF Science and Technology Centers (CENS and C-DEBI) and the third was a workshop of natural reserve scientists and managers. These laboratories have highly diverse data and practices, make minimal use of standards for data or metadata, and lack resources for data management or sustaining access to their data, despite recognizing the need. We found that SaaS could address technical needs for basic document creation, analysis, and storage, but did not support the diverse and rapidly changing needs for sophisticated domain-specific tools and services. These are much more challenging knowledge infrastructure requirements that require long-term investments by multiple stakeholders.

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"Dash: Data Sharing Made Easy at the University of California"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories on October 11th, 2016

Stephen Abrams et al. have published "Dash: Data Sharing Made Easy at the University of California" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

Here's an excerpt:

While the UC Curation Center (UC3) at the California Digital Library supports a growing roster of innovative curation services for University use, most were intended originally to meet the needs of institutional information professionals, such as librarians, archivists, and curators. In order to address the new curation concerns of individual scholars, UC3 realized that it needed to deploy new systems and services optimized for stakeholders with widely divergent experiences, expertise, and expectations. This led to the development of Dash, an online data publication service making campus data sharing easy. While Dash gives the appearance of being a full-fledged repository, in actuality it is only a lightweight overlay layer that sits on top of standards-compliant repositories, such as UC3's existing Merritt curation repository. The Dash service offers intuitive, easy-to-use interfaces for dataset submission, description, publication, and discovery. By imposing minimal prescriptive eligibility and submission requirements; automating and hiding the mechanical details of DOI assignment, data packaging, and repository deposit; and featuring a streamlined, self-service user experience that can be integrated easily into scholarly workflows, Dash is an important new service offering with which UC scholars can meet their RDM obligations.

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"From Plan to Action: Successful Data Management Plan Implementation in a Multidisciplinary Project"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 19th, 2016

Margaret H. Burnette, Sarah C. Williams, and Heidi J. Imker have published "From Plan to Action: Successful Data Management Plan Implementation in a Multidisciplinary Project" in the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

Here's an excerpt:

A case study was designed to gather insights from the research group through semi-structured interviews. Questions focused on which of the recommended data management strategies were adopted and how those strategies affected the project in terms of cost, time, effectiveness, and long-term data use.

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State of the Art Report on Open Access Publishing of Research Data in the Humanities

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Humanities, Reports and White Papers on September 6th, 2016

Stefan Buddenbohm et al. have self-archived State of the Art Report on Open Access Publishing of Research Data in the Humanities.

Here's an excerpt:

This report gives an overview of the various aspects that are connected to open access publishing of research data in the humanities. After the introduction, where we give definitions of key concepts, we describe the research data life cycle. We present an overview of the different stakeholders involved and we look into advantages and obstacles for researchers to share research data. Furthermore, a description of the European data repositories is given, followed by certification standards of trusted digital data repositories. The possibility of data citation is important for sharing open data and is also described in this report. We also discuss the standards and use of metadata in the humanities. Finally, we discuss best practice example of open access research data system in the humanities: the French open research data ecosystem.

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"Campus Support Systems for Technical Researchers Navigating Big Data Ethics"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 1st, 2016

Bonnie Tijerina has published "Campus Support Systems for Technical Researchers Navigating Big Data Ethics" in EDUCAUSE Review.

Here's an excerpt:

A team at Data & Society recently conducted interviews and campus visits with computer science researchers and librarians at eight U.S. universities to examine the role of research librarians in assisting technical researchers as they navigate emerging issues of privacy, ethics, and equitable access to data at different phases of the research process.

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"The Journal Article as a Means to Share Data: A Content Analysis of Supplementary Materials from Two Disciplines"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on July 20th, 2016

Jeremy Kenyon, Nancy Sprague, and Edward Flathers have published "The Journal Article as a Means to Share Data: a Content Analysis of Supplementary Materials from Two Disciplines" in the Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

INTRODUCTION The practice of publishing supplementary materials with journal articles is becoming increasingly prevalent across the sciences. We sought to understand better the content of these materials by investigating the differences between the supplementary materials published by authors in the geosciences and plant sciences. METHODS We conducted a random stratified sampling of four articles from each of 30 journals published in 2013. In total, we examined 297 supplementary data files for a range of different factors. RESULTS We identified many similarities between the practices of authors in the two fields, including the formats used (Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDFs) and the small size of the files. There were differences identified in the content of the supplementary materials: the geology materials contained more maps and machine-readable data; the plant science materials included much more tabular data and multimedia content. DISCUSSION Our results suggest that the data shared through supplementary files in these fields may not lend itself to reuse. Code and related scripts are not often shared, nor is much 'raw' data. Instead, the files often contain summary data, modified for human reading and use. CONCLUSION Given these and other differences, our results suggest implications for publishers, librarians, and authors, and may require shifts in behavior if effective data sharing is to be realized.

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"Research Data Management in Social Sciences and Humanities: A Survey at the University of Lille (France)"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 19th, 2016

Joachim Schöpfel and Hélène Prost have published "Research Data Management in Social Sciences and Humanities: A Survey at the University of Lille (France)" in LIBREAS.

Here's an excerpt:

The paper presents results from a campus-wide survey at the University of Lille (France) on research data management in social sciences and humanities. The survey received 270 responses, equivalent to 15% of the whole sample of scientists, scholars, PhD students, administrative and technical staff (research management, technical support services); all disciplines were represented. The responses show a wide variety of practice and usage. The results are discussed regarding job status and disciplines and compared to other surveys. Four groups can be distinguished, i.e. pioneers (20-25%), motivated (25-30%), unaware (30%) and reluctant (5-10%). Finally, the next steps to improve the research data management on the campus are presented.

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"The Pathways of Research Software Preservation: An Educational and Planning Resource for Service Development"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 11th, 2016

Fernando Rios has published "The Pathways of Research Software Preservation: An Educational and Planning Resource for Service Development" in D-Lib Magazine.

Here's an excerpt:

Research communities, funders, publishers, and academic libraries have put much effort towards ensuring that research data are preserved. However, the same level of attention has not been given to the associated software used to process and analyze it. As a guide to those tasked with preserving research outputs, a novel visual representation of preservation approaches relevant to research software, termed the Pathways of Research Software Preservation, is presented. The Pathways are discussed in the context of service development within the Data Management Services group at Johns Hopkins University.

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"Towards Narrowing the Curation Gap—Theoretical Considerations and Lessons Learned from Decades of Practice"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 23rd, 2016

Ana Sesartić, Andreas Fischlin, and Matthias Töwe ave published "Towards Narrowing the Curation Gap-Theoretical Considerations and Lessons Learned from Decades of Practice" in the ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information.

Here's an excerpt:

Research as a digital enterprise has created new, often poorly addressed challenges for the management and curation of research to ensure continuity, transparency, and accountability. There is a common misunderstanding that curation can be considered at a later point in the research cycle or delegated or that it is too burdensome or too expensive due to a lack of efficient tools. This creates a curation gap between research practice and curation needs. We argue that this gap can be narrowed if curators provide attractive support that befits research needs and if researchers consistently manage their work according to generic concepts consistently from the beginning. A rather uniquely long-term case study demonstrates how such concepts have helped to pragmatically implement a research practice intentionally using only minimalist tools for sustained, self-contained archiving since 1989. The paper sketches the concepts underlying three core research activities. (i) handling of research data, (ii) reference management as part of scholarly publishing, and (iii) advancing theories through modelling and simulation. These concepts represent a universally transferable best research practice, while technical details are obviously prone to continuous change. We hope it stimulates researchers to manage research similarly and that curators gain a better understanding of the curation challenges research practice actually faces.

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"The Academic Data Librarian Profession in Canada: History and Future Directions"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on June 22nd, 2016

S. Vincent Gray and Elizabeth Hill have self-archived "The Academic Data Librarian Profession in Canada: History and Future Directions."

Here's an excerpt:

From the 1970s onward, Canadians have been active in developing services and establishing structures to support the dissemination of data. In recent years the academic data profession in Canada has largely developed around access to data from the national statistics agency, Statistics Canada, and around the services which have been developed to permit access to these data. This chapter will provide a historical background for these activities and explain how current and emerging trends continue to affect the profession.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 6. Over 560 works. Over 200 works added. Live links. Selected abstracts. OA. CC-BY License. Covers topics such as research data creation, acquisition, metadata, repositories, provenance, management, policies, support services, funding agency requirements, peer review, publication, citation, sharing, reuse, and preservation.


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