Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

"Research Libraries’ New Role in Research Data Management, Current Trends and Visions in Denmark"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 24th, 2014

The LIBER Quarterly has released a future article: "Research Libraries' New Role in Research Data Management, Current Trends and Visions in Denmark."

Here's an excerpt:

The first part of this paper presents the findings of a research project carried out under the auspices of DEFF. . . .This paper describes the various paths chosen by individual universities and research institutions, and the background for their strategies of research data management. Among the main reasons for the uneven practices are the lack of a national policy in this field, the different scientific traditions and cultures and the differences in the use and organization of IT-services. The second part of this paper presents perspectives of this development that are of particular relevance to research libraries. As they already curate digital collections and are active in establishing web archives,the research libraries become involved in research and dissemination of knowledge in new ways. This paper gives examples of how The State and University Library's services facilitate research data management with special regard to digitization of research objects, storage, preservation and sharing of research data. This paper concludes that the experience and skills of research libraries make the libraries important partners in a research data management infrastructure.

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A Workflow Model for Curating Research Data in the University of Minnesota Libraries: Report from the 2013 Data Curation Pilot

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 22nd, 2014

Lisa R. Johnston has self-archived A Workflow Model for Curating Research Data in the University of Minnesota Libraries: Report from the 2013 Data Curation Pilot.

Here's an excerpt:

The 2013 Data Curation Project set out to test and expand the University Libraries' programmatic and technical capacities to support research data management needs on campus by establishing a fixed-term data curation pilot. This pilot utilized our current suite of services and expertise in the University with the objective of developing a model workflow for curating a variety of types of research data in the Libraries. Specifically, in eight months, this project resulted in 1) a data curation workflow utilizing existing university resources; 2) five pilot research datasets that were solicited, selected, and curated for discovery and reuse in the libraries' digital repository, the University Digital Conservancy, at the persistent URL, http://purl.umn.edu/160292; and 3) and a summary report describing the successes and shortcomings of this approach. This report summarizes the steps taken to curate the datasets in the pilot, faculty needs and reactions to the result, and in addition to the specific dataset treatments, an overall data curation workflow is presented that outlines the steps needed for any dataset. A discussion of this process provides some useful lessons learned. As a result of this project, the University Libraries now hold a more realistic sense of the overall capacities and expertise needed to develop a sustainable data curation service model. Additionally, the Libraries are better prepared to fine-tune and implement selected recommendations from previous assessments and committee reports.

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"Unix Commands and Batch Processing for the Reluctant Librarian or Archivist"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digitization on January 21st, 2014

Anthony Cocciolo has published "Unix Commands and Batch Processing for the Reluctant Librarian or Archivist" in the Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

The Unix environment offers librarians and archivists high-quality tools for quickly transforming born-digital and digitized assets, such as resizing videos, creating access copies of digitized photos, and making fair-use reproductions of audio recordings. These tools, such as ffmpeg, lame, sox, and ImageMagick, can apply one or more manipulations to digital assets without the need to manually process individual items, which can be error prone, time consuming, and tedious. This article will provide information on getting started in using the Unix environment to take advantage of these tools for batch processing.

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Safe to Be Open: Study on the Protection of Research Data and Recommendation for Access And Usage

Posted in Copyright, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access on January 20th, 2014

OpenAIRE has released Safe to Be Open: Study on the Protection of Research Data and Recommendation for Access And Usage.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This study addresses the most important legal issues when implementing an open access e-infrastructure for research data. It examines the legal requirements for different kinds of usage of research data in an open access infrastructure, such as OpenAIREplus, which links them to publications. The existing legal framework regarding potentially relevant intellectual property (IP) rights is analysed from the general European perspective as well as from that of selected EU Member States. Various examples and usage scenarios are used to explain the scope of protection of the potentially relevant IP rights. In addition different licence models are analysed in order to identify the licence that is best suited to the aim of open access, especially in the context of the infrastructure of OpenAIREplus. Based on the outcomes of these analyses, some recommendations to the European legislator as well as data- and e-infrastructure providers are given on improving the rights situation in relation to research data.

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"Synthesis of Working Group and Interest Group Activity One Year into the Research Data Alliance"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 16th, 2014

Beth Plale has published "Synthesis of Working Group and Interest Group Activity One Year into the Research Data Alliance" in D-Lib Magazine.

Here's an excerpt:

The Research Data Alliance (RDA) uses Working Groups and Interest Groups to carry out its work. Groups form when a concerned community develops around a topic for which there are well defined issues, common goals, and an opportunity to create a framework for timely action. One year in, RDA has 26 Working Groups and Interest Groups whose activities are focused on overcoming barriers to successful research data sharing, publishing, referencing and archiving, and on developing the infrastructure necessary to support those tasks.

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"10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 15th, 2014

Alyssa Goodman et al. have self-archived "10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data" in arXiv.org.

Here's an excerpt:

This article offers a short guide to the steps scientists can take to ensure that their data and associated analyses continue to be of value and to be recognized. In just the past few years, hundreds of scholarly papers and reports have been written on questions of data sharing, data provenance, research reproducibility, licensing, attribution, privacy, and more, but our goal here is not to review that literature. Instead, we present a short guide intended for researchers who want to know why it is important to "care for and feed" data, with some practical advice on how to do that.

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"Speaking the Same Language: Building a Data Governance Program for Institutional Impact"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 10th, 2013

Michael J. Chapple has published "Speaking the Same Language: Building a Data Governance Program for Institutional Impact" in EDUCAUSE Review.

Here's an excerpt:

The need for consistent, reliable data across business and academic units is creating an unprecedented push toward strong data governance practices on college and university campuses. Working together, leaders from the central IT organization, the institutional research division, central administrative offices, and the academy can build a valuable platform to support data-driven decision-making across the institution. The tools used to create this platform will vary from institution to institution, but all should build toward the common goals of creating a data environment that embraces the five pillars of Quality & Consistency, Policies & Standards, Security & Privacy, Compliance, and Retention & Archiving.

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Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 9th, 2013

OCLC Research has released Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy.

Here's an excerpt:

Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy is a call for action that summarizes the benefits of systemic data management planning and identifies the stakeholders and their concerns. It also suggests that the library director proactively initiate a conversation among these stakeholders to get buy-in for a high-level, responsible data planning and management policy that is proactive, rather than reactive.

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"The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access, Open Science on December 3rd, 2013

Bart Ragon has published "The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data" in the latest issue of the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

Here's an excerpt:

Librarian involvement in the Open Access (OA) movement has traditionally focused on access to scholarly publications. Recent actions by the White House have focused attention on access on the data produced from federally sponsored research. Questions have emerged concerning access to the output of federally sponsored research and whether it is a public or private good. Understanding the political battle over access to federally funded research is closely tied to the ownership of the peer review process in higher education and associated revenue streams, and as a result, interest groups seeking to influence government regulation have politicized the issues. As a major funder of research in higher education, policies from the federal government are likely to drive change in research practices at higher education institutions and impact library services. The political economy of federally sponsored research data will shape research enterprises in higher education and inspire a number of new services distributed throughout the research life cycle.

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"Where Have All the Scientific Data Gone? LIS Perspective on the Data-At-Risk Predicament"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 7th, 2013

College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "Where Have All the Scientific Data Gone? LIS Perspective on the Data-At-Risk Predicament."

Here's an excerpt:

Scientists produce vast amounts of data that often are not preserved properly or do not have inventories, placing them at risk. As part of an effort to more fully understand the data-at-risk predicament, researchers engaged in the DARI project at UNC's Metadata Research Center surveyed information custodians working in a range of settings. The survey collected information on the data characteristics and preservation plans. Forty-three information custodians completed the survey. The results indicate that at-risk data include a variety of formats, subject areas, and ownership status, as well as compliance with a variety of standards. Although a majority of respondents agree data preservation is important, they caution that time is the greatest barrier to sharing these data. The study has implications for data rescue and for training information custodians.

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"Report on Data Management and Data-Management Plans for the History of Science Society Committee on Research and the Profession (September 6, 2013)"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 4th, 2013

Daniel Goldstein et al. have published "Report on Data Management and Data-Management Plans for the History of Science Society Committee on Research and the Profession (September 6, 2013)" in the History of Science Society Newsletter.

Here's an excerpt:

The growing attention paid to data management by funding agencies reflects two additional trends. First is the idea that agencies that fund research ought to have some say in how that research is disseminated. Second is a growing trend in academia toward the increased sharing and broader dissemination of research data. In addition to these contexts, our report is also informed by the recognition that some historians of science are employing computational methods in their research for which the accumulation of and shared access to data is increasingly central. This report therefore considers what data mean in the context of history of science, when they should and should not be shared, and what mechanisms exist or could be developed for their access and preservation. In the process, the report raises pertinent questions that should be considered and, perhaps, addressed by applicants for NSF grants, but it does not provide a template for grant application plans. This report is intended to serve as a starting point for discussion, to identify issues and suggest possibilities.

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"The Librarian as Research Informationist: A Case Study"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 30th, 2013

Lisa Federer has published "The Librarian as Research Informationist: A Case Study" in the Journal of the Medical Library Association.

Here's an excerpt:

Whereas traditional library services have generally focused on the "last mile" or finished product of the research process—the peer-reviewed literature—librarians have expertise that can help researchers create better research output in the form of more useful data. In the last several years, new policies from major funding bodies (such as the National Science Foundation's data management plan requirement and the NIH's public access policy) indicate that funders expect researchers to demonstrate the highest possible return on investment for their grant dollars. The need for better research data management has given rise to a new role for librarians: the "research informationist." Research informationists work with research teams at each step of the research process, from project inception and grant seeking to final publication, providing expert guidance on data management and preservation, bibliometric analysis, expert searching, compliance with grant funder policies regarding data management and open access, and other information-related areas.

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