Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

Harvard Library Releases over 12 Million Bibliographic Records under CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication

Posted in ARL Libraries, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Public Domain, Research Libraries on April 24th, 2012

The Harvard Library has released over 12 million bibliographic records under the CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication license.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The Harvard Library announced it is making more than 12 million catalog records from Harvard’s 73 libraries publicly available.

The records contain bibliographic information about books, videos, audio recordings, images, manuscripts, maps, and more. The Harvard Library is making these records available in accordance with its Open Metadata Policy and under a Creative Commons 0 (CC0) public domain license. In addition, the Harvard Library announced its open distribution of metadata from its Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard (DASH) scholarly article repository under a similar CC0 license.

"The Harvard Library is committed to collaboration and open access. We hope this contribution is one of many steps toward sharing the vital cultural knowledge held by libraries with all," said Mary Lee Kennedy, Senior Associate Provost for the Harvard Library.

| Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals: Those wishing to learn more about the open access movement would be well served by turning to Bailey's Open Access Bibliography. . . .This title is a major contribution to the study of the open access movement in general, as well as its emergence in the early twenty-first century. — Mary Aycock, Library Resources and Technical Services 52, no. 3 (2008): 212-213. | Digital Scholarship |

Special Issue of ERCIM News on Big Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on April 19th, 2012

A special issue of ERCIM News on Big Data has been published.

Here's a brief selection of articles in this issue:

| Digital Scholarship's Digital/Print Books | Digital Scholarship |

Analysis of Results from the Research Data Preservation Survey

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 18th, 2012

The London School of Economics and Political Science Digital Communication Enhancement project has released Analysis of Results from the Research Data Preservation Survey.

Here's an excerpt from "Results of Researcher Survey":

The survey showed the general lack of awareness amongst LSE [London School of Economics and Political Science] researchers of digital data preservation: this isn't a criticism, if we had found a good awareness we would probably have to stop the project! We also found that there are cultural challenges to address as well as the need for more technical training if researchers are to send their research data and materials into the future with confidence.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

ESIP "Interagency Data Stewardship/Principles" and "Interagency Data Stewardship/Citations/Provider Guidelines" Approved

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Standards on April 11th, 2012

The Federation of Earth Science Information Partners has approved its "Interagency Data Stewardship/Principles" and "Interagency Data Stewardship/Citations/Provider Guidelines."

Here's an excerpt from "Data Management and the ESIP Federation" by Ruth Duerr:

Why do I think that this was significant? Simply because it represents the first time that a large and diverse set of US Mission agencies, data centers, research groups, commercial companies, tool developers, and even individuals have come together and agreed that data stewardship is important. They saw it to be important enough to codify into standard practices for data and recognized that data citation is something that needs to become part of the culture of science and that it is past time to make that happen.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

Being Open About Data: Analysis of the UK Open Data Policies and Applicability of Open Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on April 4th, 2012

The Finnish Institute has released Being Open About Data: Analysis of the UK Open Data Policies and Applicability of Open Data .

Here's an excerpt:

This paper presents an analysis of the recent UK open-data policies and draws an argument on how governments can sustainably promote the development and use of open data. Moreover, research contributes to the ongoing discussion on the normative values of openness by presenting a conceptual analysis of open data as an integral part of the freedom-of-information continuum.

| Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

Research Data Stewardship at UNC: Recommendations for Scholarly Practice and Leadership

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 3rd, 2012

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Information and Library Science has released Research Data Stewardship at UNC: Recommendations for Scholarly Practice and Leadership.

Here's an excerpt:

This working report emanates from efforts to identify policy options for digital research data stewardship at UNC. In January 2011, the UNC Provost charged a task force on the stewardship of digital research data to make recommendations about storage and maintenance of digital data produced in the course of UNC-based research (see Appendix 1 for the task force charge). During the 2011 calendar year, the task force conducted an environmental scan of research data stewardship policies and trends, discussed issues, collected data on campus using interviews and a survey, and developed a set of principles and associated courses of action for the campus to consider (see Appendix 2 for a list of task force meetings). We believe that the principles are in concert with the UNC mission and its academic plan and can serve as the basis for policies and implementations. We recognize, however, that scholarly data and processes are highly diverse and that the technologies and economics of stewardship are changing rapidly. We thus view the implementation alternatives and recommendations here as first steps in what should be an ongoing process that serves the research data stewardship needs of scholars, the campus, and humanity. We offer this document as a working report that we hope will serve as an adaptable framework for research data stewardship across disciplines at UNC and beyond.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010: "If you're looking for a reading list that will keep you busy from now until the end of time, this is your one-stop shop for all things digital preservation."— "Digital Preservation Reading List," Preservation Services at Dartmouth College weblog, February 21, 2012. | Digital Scholarship |

"Fact Sheet: Big Data Across the Federal Government"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on March 29th, 2012

The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy has released "Fact Sheet: Big Data Across the Federal Government."

Here's an excerpt:

Below are highlights of ongoing Federal government programs that address the challenges of, and tap the opportunities afforded by, the big data revolution to advance agency missions and further scientific discovery and innovation.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010: "If you're looking for a reading list that will keep you busy from now until the end of time, this is your one-stop shop for all things digital preservation."— "Digital Preservation Reading List," Preservation Services at Dartmouth College weblog, February 21, 2012. | Digital Scholarship |

Planning for Big Data: A CIO’s Handbook to the Changing Data Landscape

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on March 18th, 2012

O'Reilly Media has released Planning for Big Data: A CIO's Handbook to the Changing Data Landscape as a free Kindle e-book.

See the publisher's description for details.

| E-science and Academic Libraries Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

The Value and Benefits of Text Mining

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on March 14th, 2012

JIASC has released The Value and Benefits of Text Mining.

Here's an excerpt:

Vast amounts of new information and data are generated everyday through economic, academic and social activities. This sea of data, predicted to increase at a rate of 40% p.a., has significant potential economic and societal value. Techniques such as text and data mining and analytics are required to exploit this potential. . . .

To date there has been no systematic analysis of the value and benefits of text mining to UK further and higher education (UKFHE), nor of the additional value and benefits that might result from the exceptions to copyright proposed by Hargreaves. JISC thus commissioned this analysis of 'The Value and Benefits of Text Mining to UK Further and Higher Education'.

We have explored the costs, benefits, barriers and risks associated with text mining within UKFHE research using the approach to welfare economics laid out in the UK Treasury best practice guidelines for evaluation [2]. We gathered our evidence from consultations with key stakeholders and a set of case studies.

| Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

"The Informatics Transform: Re-engineering Libraries for the Data Decade"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 13th, 2012

Liz Lyon has published "The Informatics Transform: Re-engineering Libraries for the Data Decade" in the latest issue of the International Journal of Digital Curation.

Here's an excerpt:

In this paper, Liz Lyon explores how libraries can re-shape to better reflect the requirements and challenges of today's data-centric research landscape. The Informatics Transform presents five assertions as potential pathways to change, which will help libraries to re-position, re-profile, and re-structure to better address research data management challenges. The paper deconstructs the institutional research lifecycle and describes a portfolio of ten data support services which libraries can deliver to support the research lifecycle phases. Institutional roles and responsibilities for research data management are also unpacked, building on the framework from the earlier Dealing with Data Report. Finally, the paper examines critical capacity and capability challenges and proposes some innovative steps to addressing the significant skills gaps.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

"Peer-Reviewed Open Research Data: Results of a Pilot"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Scholarly Communication on March 4th, 2012

Marjan Grootveld and Jeff van Egmond have self-archived "Peer-Reviewed Open Research Data: Results of a Pilot" in E-LIS.

Here's an excerpt:

Peer review of publications is at the core of science and primarily seen as instrument for ensuring research quality. However, it is less common to value independently the quality of the underlying data as well. In the light of the "data deluge" it makes sense to extend peer review to the data itself and this way evaluate the degree to which the data are fit for re-use. This paper describes a pilot study at EASY—the electronic archive for (open) research data at our institution. In EASY, researchers can archive their data and add metadata themselves. Devoted to open access and data sharing, at the archive we are interested in further enriching these metadata with peer reviews.

As pilot we established a workflow where researchers who have downloaded data sets from the archive were asked to review the downloaded data set. This paper describes the details of the pilot including the findings, both quantitative and qualitative. Finally we discuss issues that need to be solved when such a pilot should be turned into structural peer review functionality of the archiving system.

| Digital Scholarship |

The Open Data Handbook

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access on February 22nd, 2012

The Open Knowledge Foundation has released The Open Data Handbook.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

From a basic introduction of the "what and why" of open data, the Handbook goes on to discuss the practicalities of making data open – the "how". It gives advice on everything from choosing a file format and applying a license, to motivating the community and telling the world. Clear explanations, illustrative examples and technical recommendations make the Handbook suitable for people with all levels of experience, from the absolute beginner to the seasoned open data professional.

The Handbook is divided into short chapters which cover individual aspects of open data. It can be read in a single sitting, or dipped into as a reference work.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |


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