Archive for the 'Digital Archives and Special Collections' Category

Linked Archival Metadata: A Guidebook (Version 0.99)

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on April 28th, 2014

Eric Lease Morgan and LiAM have released Linked Archival Metadata: A Guidebook (Version 0.99).

Here's an excerpt:

Linked data is a process for embedding the descriptive information of archives into the very fabric of the Web. By transforming archival description into linked data, an archivist will enable other people as well as computers to read and use their archival description, even if the others are not a part of the archival community. The process goes both ways. Linked data also empowers archivists to use and incorporate the information of other linked data providers into their local description. This enables archivists to make their descriptions more thorough, more complete, and more value-added. For example, archival collections could be automatically supplemented with geographic coordinates in order to make maps, images of people or additional biographic descriptions to make collections come alive, or bibliographies for further reading.

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    The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions

    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on February 24th, 2014

    The NDSA has released The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    The report takes a measured look at the costs and benefits of the widespread use of the PDF/A-3 format, especially as it effects content arriving in collecting institutions. It provides background on the technical development of the specification, identifies specific scenarios under which the format might be used and suggests policy prescriptions for collecting institutions to consider.

    For example, the report suggests that for memory institutions, the acceptance of embedded files in PDF/A documents would depend on very specific protocols between depositors and archival repositories that clarify acceptable embedded formats and define workflows that guarantee that the relationship between the PDF document and any embedded files is fully understood by the archival institution.

    Additionally, the report notes that the complexity of the PDF format and the wide variance in PDF rendering implementations and creating applications suggests that PDF/A-3 may be appropriate for use in controlled workflows, but may not be an appropriate choice as a general-purpose bundling format.

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      Omeka 2.1.4 Released

      Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Open Source Software on February 7th, 2014

      The Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media has released Omeka 2.1.4.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      This maintenance release includes some style additions and corrections in the admin theme, as well as a fix to how records are sorted for newer versions of MySQL. . .

      Updated versions of the COinS and Exhibit Builder plugins are also bundled with this release, fixing an error in COinS for PHP 5.2. The updated Exhibit Builder plugin improves many parts of the styling, especially across interaction with many plugins, and expands the data returned by the API.

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        Born Digital: Guidance for Donors, Dealers, and Archival Repositories

        Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 1st, 2013

        The Council on Library and Information Resources has released Born Digital: Guidance for Donors, Dealers, and Archival Repositories.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        This report offers recommendations to help ensure the physical and intellectual well-being of born-digital materials transferred from donors to archival repositories. The report surveys the primary issues and concerns related to born-digital acquisitions and is intended for a broad audience with varying levels of interest and expertise, including donors, dealers, and repository staff.

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          "The Confluence of Collections at Johns Hopkins’s Sheridan Libraries"

          Posted in ARL Libraries, Digital Archives and Special Collections on October 24th, 2013

          Liz Mengel has published "The Confluence of Collections at Johns Hopkins's Sheridan Libraries" in a special issue of Research Library Issues on mainstreaming special collections.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Since the creation of the Milton S. Eisenhower Library in 1964, Special Collections at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) has been housed in the main library and has been a part of the daily flow of overall library operations. As with many other special collections departments, this department was securely sheltered behind doors where the staff performed similar activities to other library departments such as collection development, reference, and instruction. Over the past four years, the Sheridan Libraries have been making deliberate efforts to remove the metaphorical silos that separate Special Collections and other library departments. In particular, the libraries have done this by looking at how collection funds are used and by blending positions to work in both Special Collections and the Academic Liaison Department.

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            Best of Both Worlds: Museums, Libraries, and Archives in a Digital Age

            Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Libraries, Museums, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on August 28th, 2013

            The Smithsonian has released the Best of Both Worlds: Museums, Libraries, and Archives in a Digital Age by G. Wayne Clough.

            Here's an excerpt:

            The review in this document illustrates how many cultural institutions have already found innovative applications for digital technology, but it is more than just a matter of "using." Digital technology will also change the basics of how these institutions work as we move forward. Collections will be shared across institutions through the linked data cloud; the public will participate in the creative activities of cultural institutions through engagement platforms; and informal education will merge with formal education. Cultural change is never easy, and while an institution might be able to avoid it for a while, this time it will be so big that no one will escape in the long run.

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              Draft Guidelines for Digital Newspaper Preservation Readiness

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Archives and Special Collections on July 26th, 2013

              The Educopia Institute has released Draft Guidelines for Digital Newspaper Preservation Readiness.

              Here's an excerpt:

              These Guidelines are a first-draft version of our work to distil preservation-readiness steps into an incremental process that an institution of almost any size or type should be able to use to begin maturing its digital newspaper content management practices.

              This first draft is being issued for public review and comment here from July 22, 2013-September 20, 2013.

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                "Crafting Linked Open Data for Cultural Heritage: Mapping and Curation Tools for the Linked Jazz Project"

                Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on July 19th, 2013

                M. Cristina Pattuelli, Matt Miller, Leanora Lange, Sean Fitzell, and Carolyn Li-Madeo have published "Crafting Linked Open Data for Cultural Heritage: Mapping and Curation Tools for the Linked Jazz Project" in the latest issue of Code4Lib Journal.

                Here's an excerpt:

                This paper describes tools and methods developed as part of Linked Jazz, a project that uses Linked Open Data (LOD) to reveal personal and professional relationships among jazz musicians based on interviews from jazz archives. The overarching aim of Linked Jazz is to explore the possibilities offered by LOD to enhance the visibility of cultural heritage materials and enrich the semantics that describe them. While the full Linked Jazz dataset is still under development, this paper presents two applications that have laid the foundation for the creation of this dataset: the Mapping and Curator Tool, and the Transcript Analyzer. These applications have served primarily for data preparation, analysis, and curation and are representative of the types of tools and methods needed to craft linked data from digital content available on the web. This paper discusses these two domain-agnostic tools developed to create LOD from digital textual documents and offers insight into the process behind the creation of LOD in general.

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