Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"A Risk Analysis of File Formats for Preservation Planning"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 12th, 2013

SCAPE has released "A Risk Analysis of File Formats for Preservation Planning."

Here's an excerpt:

This paper presents an approach for automatic estimation of preservation risk for file formats. The main contribution of this work is a definition of the risk factors with associated severity level and its automatic computation. Our goal is to apply a solid knowledge base automatically extracted from linked open data repositories as the basis of the risk analysis system for digital preservation. This method is meant to facilitate decision making with regard to preservation of digital content in libraries and archives.

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    Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization on December 12th, 2013

    The PrestoCentre Foundation has released Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template is intended to take an institution step-by-step through the process of drafting a Request for Proposals (RFP) for the transfer of analog video formats to digital carriers for preservation. This template can be used by libraries, archives, and other cultural heritage institutions and submitted to qualified transfer vendors.

    Funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation publication is part of the Video at Risk project undertaken by New York University and two partner institutions, Loyola University New Orleans and the University of California, Berkeley. The authors of this publication set out to create a template that would identify the key elements integral to the transfer of the video and audio signal from Standard Definition VHS to a preservation-quality digital file.

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      Digital Curation: D3.1—Evaluation of Cost Models and Needs & Gaps Analysis (MS12 Draft)

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 11th, 2013

      The 4C Project has released D3.1—Evaluation of Cost Models and Needs & Gaps Analysis (MS12 Draft).

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      This draft report. . . provides an analysis of existing research related to the economics of digital curation and reports upon the investigation of how well current cost and benefit models meet stakeholders' needs for calculating and comparing financial information. It aims to point out gaps that need to be bridged between the capabilities of currently available models and tools, and stakeholders' needs for financial information.

      To facilitate and clarify the model evaluation the report first outlines a basic terminology and a general description of the components of cost and benefit models.

      The report then describes how the ten current and emerging cost models and benefit models included in the evaluation were identified and provides a summary of each of the models. This is followed by an in depth analysis of stakeholders' needs for financial information derived from the 4C project stakeholder consultation.

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        A Survey of Preservation Activities in Cultural Heritage Institutions: FY2012

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 10th, 2013

        The Association for Library Collections and Technical Services has released A Survey of Preservation Activities in Cultural Heritage Institutions: FY2012.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        This survey is based on the Preservation Statistics survey program coordinated by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) from 1984 through 2008. Following the collection of the 2007-2008 Preservation Statistics data, ARL discontinued surveying its members about their preservation activities; this decision left the preservation community without a way to document, assess, and analyze its collective current practices, staff and budget resources and strategic direction.

        The report examines how respondents are organizing and administering traditional and digital preservation programs and chronicles their preventive preservation (disaster planning, environmental monitoring, outreach and education), conservation and reformatting/digitization activities. The report assesses trends in the preservation programs of academic and research libraries in the five-year span between the last ARL Preservation Statistics Survey in 2007 and this 2012 survey based on the responses provided by the 34 ARL members who participated in this pilot survey.

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          "Speaking the Same Language: Building a Data Governance Program for Institutional Impact"

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 10th, 2013

          Michael J. Chapple has published "Speaking the Same Language: Building a Data Governance Program for Institutional Impact" in EDUCAUSE Review.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The need for consistent, reliable data across business and academic units is creating an unprecedented push toward strong data governance practices on college and university campuses. Working together, leaders from the central IT organization, the institutional research division, central administrative offices, and the academy can build a valuable platform to support data-driven decision-making across the institution. The tools used to create this platform will vary from institution to institution, but all should build toward the common goals of creating a data environment that embraces the five pillars of Quality & Consistency, Policies & Standards, Security & Privacy, Compliance, and Retention & Archiving.

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            Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 9th, 2013

            OCLC Research has released Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Starting the Conversation: University-wide Research Data Management Policy is a call for action that summarizes the benefits of systemic data management planning and identifies the stakeholders and their concerns. It also suggests that the library director proactively initiate a conversation among these stakeholders to get buy-in for a high-level, responsible data planning and management policy that is proactive, rather than reactive.

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              "The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data"

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access, Open Science on December 3rd, 2013

              Bart Ragon has published "The Political Economy of Federally Sponsored Data" in the latest issue of the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Librarian involvement in the Open Access (OA) movement has traditionally focused on access to scholarly publications. Recent actions by the White House have focused attention on access on the data produced from federally sponsored research. Questions have emerged concerning access to the output of federally sponsored research and whether it is a public or private good. Understanding the political battle over access to federally funded research is closely tied to the ownership of the peer review process in higher education and associated revenue streams, and as a result, interest groups seeking to influence government regulation have politicized the issues. As a major funder of research in higher education, policies from the federal government are likely to drive change in research practices at higher education institutions and impact library services. The political economy of federally sponsored research data will shape research enterprises in higher education and inspire a number of new services distributed throughout the research life cycle.

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                "Checking In With Google Books, HathiTrust, and the DPLA"

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Google and Other Search Engines on November 14th, 2013

                Naomi Eichenlaub has published "Checking In With Google Books, HathiTrust, and the DPLA" in Computers in Libraries.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Google Books and HathiTrust have been making headlines in the library world and beyond for years now, while a new player, the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), has only recently entered the scene. This article will provide a "state of the environment" update for these digital library projects including project history and background. It will also examine some challenges common to all three projects including copyright, orphan works, metadata, and quality issues.

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                  "Where Have All the Scientific Data Gone? LIS Perspective on the Data-At-Risk Predicament"

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 7th, 2013

                  College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "Where Have All the Scientific Data Gone? LIS Perspective on the Data-At-Risk Predicament."

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Scientists produce vast amounts of data that often are not preserved properly or do not have inventories, placing them at risk. As part of an effort to more fully understand the data-at-risk predicament, researchers engaged in the DARI project at UNC's Metadata Research Center surveyed information custodians working in a range of settings. The survey collected information on the data characteristics and preservation plans. Forty-three information custodians completed the survey. The results indicate that at-risk data include a variety of formats, subject areas, and ownership status, as well as compliance with a variety of standards. Although a majority of respondents agree data preservation is important, they caution that time is the greatest barrier to sharing these data. The study has implications for data rescue and for training information custodians.

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                    "Report on Data Management and Data-Management Plans for the History of Science Society Committee on Research and the Profession (September 6, 2013)"

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 4th, 2013

                    Daniel Goldstein et al. have published "Report on Data Management and Data-Management Plans for the History of Science Society Committee on Research and the Profession (September 6, 2013)" in the History of Science Society Newsletter.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The growing attention paid to data management by funding agencies reflects two additional trends. First is the idea that agencies that fund research ought to have some say in how that research is disseminated. Second is a growing trend in academia toward the increased sharing and broader dissemination of research data. In addition to these contexts, our report is also informed by the recognition that some historians of science are employing computational methods in their research for which the accumulation of and shared access to data is increasingly central. This report therefore considers what data mean in the context of history of science, when they should and should not be shared, and what mechanisms exist or could be developed for their access and preservation. In the process, the report raises pertinent questions that should be considered and, perhaps, addressed by applicants for NSF grants, but it does not provide a template for grant application plans. This report is intended to serve as a starting point for discussion, to identify issues and suggest possibilities.

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                      Born Digital: Guidance for Donors, Dealers, and Archival Repositories

                      Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 1st, 2013

                      The Council on Library and Information Resources has released Born Digital: Guidance for Donors, Dealers, and Archival Repositories.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      This report offers recommendations to help ensure the physical and intellectual well-being of born-digital materials transferred from donors to archival repositories. The report surveys the primary issues and concerns related to born-digital acquisitions and is intended for a broad audience with varying levels of interest and expertise, including donors, dealers, and repository staff.

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                        Preservation, Trust and Continuing Access for e-Journals

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, E-Journals, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on October 31st, 2013

                        The Digital Preservation Coalition has released Preservation, Trust and Continuing Access for e-Journals.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        This report discusses current developments and issues which libraries, publishers, intermediaries and service providers are facing in the area of digital preservation, trust and continuing access for e-journals. It also includes generic lessons and recommendations on outsourcing and trust learnt in this field of interest to the wider digital preservation community. It is not solely focused on technology, and covers relevant legal, economic and service issues.

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