Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"E-Science as a Catalyst for Transformational Change in University Research Libraries"

Posted in ARL Libraries, Cyberinfrastructure/E-Science, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Science on February 19th, 2014

Mary E. Piorun has self-archived her dissertaion "E-Science as a Catalyst for Transformational Change in University Research Libraries."

Here's an excerpt:

Changes in how research is conducted, from the growth of e-science to the emergence of big data, have lead to new opportunities for librarians to become involved in the creation and management of research data, at the same time the duties and responsibilities of university libraries continue to evolve. This study examines those roles related to e-science while exploring the concept of transformational change and leadership issues in bringing about such a change. Using the framework established by Levy and Merry for first- and second-order change, four case studies of libraries whose institutions are members in the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) are developed.

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"Troubleshooting Public Data Archiving: Suggestions to Increase Participation"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing on January 31st, 2014

Dominique G. Roche et al. have published "Troubleshooting Public Data Archiving: Suggestions to Increase Participation" in PLOS Biology.

Here's an excerpt:

An increasing number of publishers and funding agencies require public data archiving (PDA) in open-access databases. PDA has obvious group benefits for the scientific community, but many researchers are reluctant to share their data publicly because of real or perceived individual costs. Improving participation in PDA will require lowering costs and/or increasing benefits for primary data collectors. Small, simple changes can enhance existing measures to ensure that more scientific data are properly archived and made publicly available: (1) facilitate more flexible embargoes on archived data, (2) encourage communication between data generators and re-users, (3) disclose data re-use ethics, and (4) encourage increased recognition of publicly archived data.

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"Research Libraries’ New Role in Research Data Management, Current Trends and Visions in Denmark"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 24th, 2014

The LIBER Quarterly has released a future article: "Research Libraries' New Role in Research Data Management, Current Trends and Visions in Denmark."

Here's an excerpt:

The first part of this paper presents the findings of a research project carried out under the auspices of DEFF. . . .This paper describes the various paths chosen by individual universities and research institutions, and the background for their strategies of research data management. Among the main reasons for the uneven practices are the lack of a national policy in this field, the different scientific traditions and cultures and the differences in the use and organization of IT-services. The second part of this paper presents perspectives of this development that are of particular relevance to research libraries. As they already curate digital collections and are active in establishing web archives,the research libraries become involved in research and dissemination of knowledge in new ways. This paper gives examples of how The State and University Library's services facilitate research data management with special regard to digitization of research objects, storage, preservation and sharing of research data. This paper concludes that the experience and skills of research libraries make the libraries important partners in a research data management infrastructure.

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A Workflow Model for Curating Research Data in the University of Minnesota Libraries: Report from the 2013 Data Curation Pilot

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 22nd, 2014

Lisa R. Johnston has self-archived A Workflow Model for Curating Research Data in the University of Minnesota Libraries: Report from the 2013 Data Curation Pilot.

Here's an excerpt:

The 2013 Data Curation Project set out to test and expand the University Libraries' programmatic and technical capacities to support research data management needs on campus by establishing a fixed-term data curation pilot. This pilot utilized our current suite of services and expertise in the University with the objective of developing a model workflow for curating a variety of types of research data in the Libraries. Specifically, in eight months, this project resulted in 1) a data curation workflow utilizing existing university resources; 2) five pilot research datasets that were solicited, selected, and curated for discovery and reuse in the libraries' digital repository, the University Digital Conservancy, at the persistent URL, http://purl.umn.edu/160292; and 3) and a summary report describing the successes and shortcomings of this approach. This report summarizes the steps taken to curate the datasets in the pilot, faculty needs and reactions to the result, and in addition to the specific dataset treatments, an overall data curation workflow is presented that outlines the steps needed for any dataset. A discussion of this process provides some useful lessons learned. As a result of this project, the University Libraries now hold a more realistic sense of the overall capacities and expertise needed to develop a sustainable data curation service model. Additionally, the Libraries are better prepared to fine-tune and implement selected recommendations from previous assessments and committee reports.

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Safe to Be Open: Study on the Protection of Research Data and Recommendation for Access And Usage

Posted in Copyright, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access on January 20th, 2014

OpenAIRE has released Safe to Be Open: Study on the Protection of Research Data and Recommendation for Access And Usage.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This study addresses the most important legal issues when implementing an open access e-infrastructure for research data. It examines the legal requirements for different kinds of usage of research data in an open access infrastructure, such as OpenAIREplus, which links them to publications. The existing legal framework regarding potentially relevant intellectual property (IP) rights is analysed from the general European perspective as well as from that of selected EU Member States. Various examples and usage scenarios are used to explain the scope of protection of the potentially relevant IP rights. In addition different licence models are analysed in order to identify the licence that is best suited to the aim of open access, especially in the context of the infrastructure of OpenAIREplus. Based on the outcomes of these analyses, some recommendations to the European legislator as well as data- and e-infrastructure providers are given on improving the rights situation in relation to research data.

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"Synthesis of Working Group and Interest Group Activity One Year into the Research Data Alliance"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 16th, 2014

Beth Plale has published "Synthesis of Working Group and Interest Group Activity One Year into the Research Data Alliance" in D-Lib Magazine.

Here's an excerpt:

The Research Data Alliance (RDA) uses Working Groups and Interest Groups to carry out its work. Groups form when a concerned community develops around a topic for which there are well defined issues, common goals, and an opportunity to create a framework for timely action. One year in, RDA has 26 Working Groups and Interest Groups whose activities are focused on overcoming barriers to successful research data sharing, publishing, referencing and archiving, and on developing the infrastructure necessary to support those tasks.

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"10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 15th, 2014

Alyssa Goodman et al. have self-archived "10 Simple Rules for the Care and Feeding of Scientific Data" in arXiv.org.

Here's an excerpt:

This article offers a short guide to the steps scientists can take to ensure that their data and associated analyses continue to be of value and to be recognized. In just the past few years, hundreds of scholarly papers and reports have been written on questions of data sharing, data provenance, research reproducibility, licensing, attribution, privacy, and more, but our goal here is not to review that literature. Instead, we present a short guide intended for researchers who want to know why it is important to "care for and feed" data, with some practical advice on how to do that.

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From Bitstreams to Heritage: Putting Digital Forensics into Practice in Collecting Institutions

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 13th, 2013

The BitCurator Project has released From Bitstreams to Heritage: Putting Digital Forensics into Practice in Collecting Institutions.

Here's an excerpt:

The application of forensics tools and methods to the curation of born-digital collections in LAMs has advanced significantly over the past several years. It would have been quite surprising, for example, to hear an archivist talking about write blockers or disk images ten years ago, but such terms are now used frequently at archival conferences and increasingly in the professional literature. The BitCurator project is actively working to construct both the tools and the necessary documentation to help LAMs integrate digital forensics into their workflows. The BitCurator software environment is freely available for download and installation, and we continue to add associated documentation. The next phase of BitCurator will focus on continued software development, professional engagement activities, and further uptake of the software as we work to resolve real-world challenges facing LAMs.

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"A Risk Analysis of File Formats for Preservation Planning"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 12th, 2013

SCAPE has released "A Risk Analysis of File Formats for Preservation Planning."

Here's an excerpt:

This paper presents an approach for automatic estimation of preservation risk for file formats. The main contribution of this work is a definition of the risk factors with associated severity level and its automatic computation. Our goal is to apply a solid knowledge base automatically extracted from linked open data repositories as the basis of the risk analysis system for digital preservation. This method is meant to facilitate decision making with regard to preservation of digital content in libraries and archives.

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Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization on December 12th, 2013

The PrestoCentre Foundation has released Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template.

Here's an excerpt:

Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation: An RFP Guide and Template is intended to take an institution step-by-step through the process of drafting a Request for Proposals (RFP) for the transfer of analog video formats to digital carriers for preservation. This template can be used by libraries, archives, and other cultural heritage institutions and submitted to qualified transfer vendors.

Funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Digitizing Video for Long-Term Preservation publication is part of the Video at Risk project undertaken by New York University and two partner institutions, Loyola University New Orleans and the University of California, Berkeley. The authors of this publication set out to create a template that would identify the key elements integral to the transfer of the video and audio signal from Standard Definition VHS to a preservation-quality digital file.

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Digital Curation: D3.1—Evaluation of Cost Models and Needs & Gaps Analysis (MS12 Draft)

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 11th, 2013

The 4C Project has released D3.1—Evaluation of Cost Models and Needs & Gaps Analysis (MS12 Draft).

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This draft report. . . provides an analysis of existing research related to the economics of digital curation and reports upon the investigation of how well current cost and benefit models meet stakeholders' needs for calculating and comparing financial information. It aims to point out gaps that need to be bridged between the capabilities of currently available models and tools, and stakeholders' needs for financial information.

To facilitate and clarify the model evaluation the report first outlines a basic terminology and a general description of the components of cost and benefit models.

The report then describes how the ten current and emerging cost models and benefit models included in the evaluation were identified and provides a summary of each of the models. This is followed by an in depth analysis of stakeholders' needs for financial information derived from the 4C project stakeholder consultation.

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A Survey of Preservation Activities in Cultural Heritage Institutions: FY2012

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 10th, 2013

The Association for Library Collections and Technical Services has released A Survey of Preservation Activities in Cultural Heritage Institutions: FY2012.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This survey is based on the Preservation Statistics survey program coordinated by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) from 1984 through 2008. Following the collection of the 2007-2008 Preservation Statistics data, ARL discontinued surveying its members about their preservation activities; this decision left the preservation community without a way to document, assess, and analyze its collective current practices, staff and budget resources and strategic direction.

The report examines how respondents are organizing and administering traditional and digital preservation programs and chronicles their preventive preservation (disaster planning, environmental monitoring, outreach and education), conservation and reformatting/digitization activities. The report assesses trends in the preservation programs of academic and research libraries in the five-year span between the last ARL Preservation Statistics Survey in 2007 and this 2012 survey based on the responses provided by the 34 ARL members who participated in this pilot survey.

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