Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"The .txtual Condition: Digital Humanities, Born-Digital Archives, and the Future Literary"

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities on July 9th, 2013

Matthew Kirschenbaum has published "The .txtual Condition: Digital Humanities, Born-Digital Archives, and the Future Literary" in a preview issue of Digital Humanities Quarterly.

Here's an excerpt:

Here then are some specifics I have considered as to how digital humanities might usefully collaborate with those archivists even now working on born-digital collections:

  • Digital archivists need digital humanities researchers and subject experts to use born-digital collections. Nothing is more important. If humanities researchers don't demand access to born-digital materials then it will be harder to get those materials processed in a timely fashion, and we know that with the born-digital every day counts.
  • Digital humanists need the long-term perspective on data that archivists have. Today's digital humanities projects are, after all, the repository objects of tomorrow's born-digital archives. Funders are increasingly (and rightfully) insistent about the need to have a robust data management and sustainability plan built into project proposals from the outset. Therefore, there is much opportunity for collaboration and team-building around not only archiving and preservation, but the complete data curation cycle. This extends to the need to jointly plan around storage and institutional infrastructure.
  • Digital archivists and digital humanists need common and interoperable digital tools. Open source community-driven development at the intersection of the needs of digital archivists, humanities scholars, and even collections' donors should become an urgent priority.

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    "Unintended Consequences: New Materialist Perspectives on Library Technologies and the Digital Record"

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Electronic Resources, Libraries, Licenses, Publishing, Scholarly Communication on July 8th, 2013

    portal: Libraries and the Academy has released an e-print of "Unintended Consequences: New Materialist Perspectives on Library Technologies and the Digital Record" by Marlene Manoff.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Digital technology has irrevocably altered the nature of the archive. Drawing on materialist critiques and the evolving field of media archaeology, this essay explores new strategies for understanding the implications of computer networks in libraries. Although a significant portion of the contemporary literature within Library and Information Science (LIS) addresses issues of technological change, the materialist and multidisciplinary approaches proposed here provide a theoretical basis for investigating the current state of library technologies in new ways. These methods provide insight into the proliferation of digital products and the cycles of platform adoption and replacement that have marked the past decades of library development. They also help to reframe questions about content aggregation and the licensing of digital scholarship.

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      "Data Management in Scholarly Journals and Possible Roles for Libraries—Some Insights from EDaWaX"

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on June 24th, 2013

      Sven Vlaeminck has published "Data Management in Scholarly Journals and Possible Roles for Libraries—Some Insights from EDaWaX" in the latest issue of LIBER Quarterly.

      Here's an excerpt:

      In this paper we summarize the findings of an empirical study conducted by the EDaWaX-Project. 141 economics journals were examined regarding the quality and extent of data availability policies that should support replications of published empirical results in economics. This paper suggests criteria for such policies that aim to facilitate replications. These criteria were also used for analysing the data availability policies we found in our sample and to identify best practices for data policies of scholarly journals in economics. In addition, we also evaluated the journals' data archives and checked the percentage of articles associated with research data. To conclude, an appraisal as to how scientific libraries might support the linkage of publications to underlying research data in cooperation with researchers, editors, publishers and data centres is presented.

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        British Library and Portico Collaborate on E-journal Preservation

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, E-Journals, Scholarly Journals on June 20th, 2013

        British Library and Portico will collaborate on preserving the Library's e-journal collection.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        The partnership will help the British Library—along with five other legal deposit libraries—to meet regulations that recently became law in the United Kingdom and that extend the practice of legal deposit from traditional print publications to non-print publications such as e-journals, blogs and websites in the UK web domain.

        Portico will utilize its established workflow and processes to create standardized and uniform journal content that can be exported to the British Library. They have started with 1,500 journals from three publishers that are already preserving content with Portico. As necessary, Portico will develop new tools for processing additional publisher content.

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          Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 3

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications on June 17th, 2013

          Digital Scholarship has released version 3 of the Research Data Curation Bibliography. This selective bibliography includes over 230 English-language articles and technical reports that are useful in understanding the curation of digital research data in academic and other research institutions.

          The "digital curation" concept is still evolving. In "Digital Curation and Trusted Repositories: Steps toward Success," Christopher A. Lee and Helen R. Tibbo define digital curation as follows:

          Digital curation involves selection and appraisal by creators and archivists; evolving provision of intellectual access; redundant storage; data transformations; and, for some materials, a commitment to long-term preservation. Digital curation is stewardship that provides for the reproducibility and re-use of authentic digital data and other digital assets. Development of trustworthy and durable digital repositories; principles of sound metadata creation and capture; use of open standards for file formats and data encoding; and the promotion of information management literacy are all essential to the longevity of digital resources and the success of curation efforts.

          Most sources have been published from January 2000 through June 2012; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included.

          The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, italicized links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

          It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

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            2013 NDSA Innovation Award Winners

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 13th, 2013

            The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Innovation Working Group has announced the 2013 NDSA Innovation Award winners.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Please join us in congratulating the 2013 Innovation Award winners:

            Future Steward: Martin Gengenbach, Gates Archive. Martin is recognized for his work documenting digital forensics tools and workflows, especially his paper,"The Way We Do it Here: Mapping Digital Forensics Workflows in Collecting Institutions" and his work cataloging the DFXML schema.

            Individual: Kim Schroeder, Wayne State University. Kim is recognized for her work as a mentor to future digital stewards in her role as a lecturer in Digital Preservation at Wayne State University, where she helped establish the first NDSA Student Group, supported the student-lead colloquium on digital preservation, and worked to facilitate collaboration between students in digital stewardship and local cultural heritage organizations.

            Project: DataUp, California Digital Library. DataUp is recognized for creating an open-source tool uniquely built to assist individuals aiming to preserve research datasets by guiding them through the digital stewardship workflow process from dataset creation and description to the deposit of their datasets into public repositories.

            Organization: Archive Team. The Archive Team , a self-described "loose collective of rogue archivists, programmers, writers and loudmouths dedicated to saving our digital heritage," is recognized for both for its aggressive, vital work in preserving websites and digital content slated for deletion and for its work advocating for the preservation of digital culture within the technology and computing sectors.

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              Web Archiving

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 5th, 2013

              The Digital Preservation Coalition has released Web Archiving.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Web archiving technology enables the capture, preservation and reproduction of valuable content from the live web in an archival setting, so that it can be independently managed and preserved for future generations. This report introduces and discusses the key issues faced by organizations engaged in web archiving initiatives, whether they are contracting out to a third party service provider or managing the process in-house. It follows this with an overview of the main software applications and tools currently available. Selection and deployment of the most appropriate tools is contextual: organizations are advised to select the approach that best meets their business needs and drivers, and which they are able to support technically. Three case studies are included to illustrate the different operational contexts, drivers, and solutions that can be implemented.

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                "Making Research Data Repositories Visible: The re3data.org Registry"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 3rd, 2013

                Heinz Pampel et al. have self-archived "Making Research Data Repositories Visible: The re3data.org Registry" in PeerJ PrePrints.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Researchers require infrastructures that ensure a maximum of accessibility, stability and reliability to facilitate working with and sharing of research data. Such infrastructures are being increasingly summarized under the term Research Data Repositories (RDR). The project re3data.org—Registry of Research Rata Repositories has begun to index research data repositories in 2012 and offers researchers, funding organizations, libraries and publishers an overview of the heterogeneous research data repository landscape. Information icons help researchers to easily identify an adequate repository for the storage and reuse of their data. This article describes the RDR landscape, outlines the practicality of re3data.org as a service, and shows how this service helps to find research data.

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