Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Report of the European Commission Public Consultation on Open Research Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 22nd, 2013

The European Commission has released the Report of the European Commission Public Consultation on Open Research Data.

Here's an excerpt:

The European Commission held a public consultation on open research data on 2 July 2013 in Brussels, which was attended by a variety of stakeholders from the research community, industry, funders, libraries, publishers, infrastructure developers and others. The debate focused on five questions posed by the Commission to structure the debate and can be summarized as follows. Information on the consultation, including the agenda, the list of participants, the list of contributions and the final report are available here: http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/node/67533.

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    PRESERVING.EXE: Toward a National Strategy for Software Preservation

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 22nd, 2013

    The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program has released PRESERVING.EXE: Toward a National Strategy for Software Preservation.

    Here's an excerpt:

    A report from the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program of the Library of Congress, focused on identifying valuable and at-risk software. Topics covered include executable software preservation, game preservation, electronic literature and ideas for approaches to ensure long-term access.

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      "Data Curation Issues in the Chemical Sciences"

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 21st, 2013

      Colin L. Bird, Cerys Willoughby, Simon J. Coles, and Jeremy G. Frey have published "Data Curation Issues in the Chemical Sciences" in a special issue of Information Standards Quarterly on data curation.

      Here's an excerpt:

      In this article, the authors investigate the extent to which chemists respect the importance of curation in their day-to-day activities in the laboratory or, nowadays, frequently at the computer. They emphasize that an essential ingredient in the curation process is metadata, especially for capturing context, which critical for reproducibility. They also consider the potential roles for librarians and information specialists in assisting with scientific curation, both directly and in training scientists. They assert that curation practice will increasingly emphasize the capture of metadata at the time data and information are created, described as curation at source. Innovative and automated methods for curation will be needed to overcome the perceived burden of curation.

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        "Research Data Management at the University of Warwick: Recent Steps towards a Joined-up Approach at a UK University"

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 18th, 2013

        Jenny Delasalle has published "Research Data Management at the University of Warwick: Recent Steps towards a Joined-up Approach at a UK University" in LIBREAS. Library Ideas.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This paper charts the steps taken and possible ways forward for the University of Warwick in its approach to research data management, providing a typical example of a UK research university's approach in two strands: requirements and support. The UK government approach and funding landscape in relation to research data management provided drivers for the University of Warwick to set requirements and provide support, and examples of good practice at other institutions, support from a central national body (the UK Digital Curation Centre) and learning from other universities' experiences all proved valuable to the University of Warwick. Through interviews with researchers at Warwick, various issues and challenges are revealed: perhaps the biggest immediate challenges for Warwick going forward are overcoming scepticism amongst researchers, overcoming costs, and understanding the implications of involving third party companies in research data management. Building technical infrastructure could sit alongside and beyond those immediate steps and beyond the challenges that face one University are those that affect academia as a whole.

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          "A Cross Disciplinary Study of Link Decay and the Effectiveness of Mitigation Techniques"

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on October 17th, 2013

          Jason Hennessey and Steven Xijin Ge have published "A Cross Disciplinary Study of Link Decay and the Effectiveness of Mitigation Techniques" in BMC Bioinformatics.

          Here's an excerp:

          We accessed 14,489 unique web pages found in the abstracts within Thomson Reuters' Web of Science citation index that were published between 1996 and 2010 and found that the median lifespan of these web pages was 9.3 years with 62% of them being archived. Survival analysis and logistic regression were used to find significant predictors of URL lifespan. The availability of a web page is most dependent on the time it is published and the top-level domain names. Similar statistical analysis revealed biases in current solutions: the Internet Archive favors web pages with fewer layers in the Universal Resource Locator (URL) while WebCite is significantly influenced by the source of publication. We also created a prototype for a process to submit web pages to the archives and increased coverage of our list of scientific webpages in the Internet Archive and WebCite by 22% and 255%, respectively.

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            "Metadata is a Love Note to the Future—UK Higher Education Research Data Management (RDM) Survey"

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 16th, 2013

            Martin Hamilton has released "Metadata is a Love Note to the Future—UK Higher Education Research Data Management (RDM) Survey."

            Here's an excerpt:

            I'm delighted to be able to present here the results of our recent survey of the UK Higher Education community's plans for Research Data Management, along with a little initial analysis and an executive summary. To stay true to the spirit of openness, we have made a redacted version of the raw data available, along with our analysis, using the figshare cloud RDM service.

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              European Landscape Study of Research Data Management

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 24th, 2013

              SURF has released the European Landscape Study of Research Data Management.

              Here's an excerpt:

              This report presents the results of an online survey to establish which interventions are already being used by funding agencies, research institutions, national bodies and publishers across the European Union member states and a number of countries outside Europe in order to improve the capacity and skills of researchers in making effective use of research data infrastructures. It also makes recommendations that organisations can adopt to help their researchers. . . .

              Interviews with researchers indicate that the main drivers for writing a data management plan are requirements by the funder or the publisher. Nearly half of the research funders who took part in the survey have a policy covering research data management, whilst a quarter of the funders require data management plans as part of the grant application. Data management plans should address data acquisition, use, re-use, storage and protection and the rights of ownership. Just over one third of the responding funding organisations designate a specific organisation for preservation, although no term has been identified.

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                "Perma: Scoping and Addressing the Problem of Link and Reference Rot in Legal Citations"

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on September 24th, 2013

                Jonathan Zittrain, Kendra Albert, and Lawrence Lessig have self-archived "Perma: Scoping and Addressing the Problem of Link and Reference Rot in Legal Citations" in SSRN.

                Here's an excerpt:

                We document a serious problem of reference rot: more than 70% of the URLs within the Harvard Law Review and other journals, and 50% of the URLs found within U.S. Supreme Court opinions do not link to the originally cited information.

                Given that, we propose a solution for authors and editors of new scholarship that involves libraries undertaking the distributed, long-term preservation of link contents.

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                  Presentations from Research Data Management Forum 10

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 20th, 2013

                  Presentations from the Research Data Management Forum 10 are now available.

                  Here are some representative presentations:

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                    "Who and What Links to the Internet Archive"

                    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 19th, 2013

                    Yasmin AlNoamany, Ahmed AlSum, Michele C. Weigle, and Michael L. Nelson have self-archived "Who and What Links to the Internet Archive" in arXiv.org.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The Internet Archive's (IA) Wayback Machine is the largest and oldest public web archive and has become a significant repository of our recent history and cultural heritage. Despite its importance, there has been little research about how it is discovered and used. Based on web access logs, we analyze what users are looking for, why they come to IA, where they come from, and how pages link to IA. We find that users request English pages the most, followed by the European languages. Most human users come to web archives because they do not find the requested pages on the live web. About 65% of the requested archived pages no longer exist on the live web. We find that more than 82% of human sessions connect to the Wayback Machine via referrals from other web sites, while only 15% of robots have referrers. Most of the links (86%) from websites are to individual archived pages at specific points in time, and of those 83% no longer exist on the live web.

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                      "Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data"

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 16th, 2013

                      The CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation Standards and Practices has published "Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data" (edited by Yvonne M. Socha) in the Data Science Journal.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      The use of published digital data, like the use of digitally published literature, depends upon the ability to identify, authenticate, locate, access, and interpret them. Data citations provide necessary support for these functions, as well as other functions such as attribution of credit and establishment of provenance. References to data, however, present challenges not encountered in references to literature. For example, how can one specify a particular subset of data in the absence of familiar conventions such as page numbers or chapters? The traditions and good practices for maintaining the scholarly record by proper references to a work are well established and understood in regard to journal articles and other literature, but attributing credit by bibliographic references to data are not yet so broadly implemented. This report discusses the current state of data citation practices, its supporting infrastructure, a set of guiding principles for implementing data citation, challenges to implementation of good data citation practices, and open research questions

                      .

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                        Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Releases DC-2013 Proceedings

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on September 16th, 2013

                        The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative has released the DC-2013 proceedings.

                        Here's an excerpt from the conference description:

                        DC-2013 will explore questions regarding the persistence, maintenance, and preservation of metadata and descriptive vocabularies. The need for stable representations and descriptions spans all sectors including cultural heritage and scientific data, eGovernment, finance and commerce. Thus, the maintenance and management of metadata is essential to address the long term availability of information of legal, cultural and economic value.

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