Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"Metadata is a Love Note to the Future—UK Higher Education Research Data Management (RDM) Survey"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 16th, 2013

Martin Hamilton has released "Metadata is a Love Note to the Future—UK Higher Education Research Data Management (RDM) Survey."

Here's an excerpt:

I'm delighted to be able to present here the results of our recent survey of the UK Higher Education community's plans for Research Data Management, along with a little initial analysis and an executive summary. To stay true to the spirit of openness, we have made a redacted version of the raw data available, along with our analysis, using the figshare cloud RDM service.

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    European Landscape Study of Research Data Management

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 24th, 2013

    SURF has released the European Landscape Study of Research Data Management.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This report presents the results of an online survey to establish which interventions are already being used by funding agencies, research institutions, national bodies and publishers across the European Union member states and a number of countries outside Europe in order to improve the capacity and skills of researchers in making effective use of research data infrastructures. It also makes recommendations that organisations can adopt to help their researchers. . . .

    Interviews with researchers indicate that the main drivers for writing a data management plan are requirements by the funder or the publisher. Nearly half of the research funders who took part in the survey have a policy covering research data management, whilst a quarter of the funders require data management plans as part of the grant application. Data management plans should address data acquisition, use, re-use, storage and protection and the rights of ownership. Just over one third of the responding funding organisations designate a specific organisation for preservation, although no term has been identified.

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      "Perma: Scoping and Addressing the Problem of Link and Reference Rot in Legal Citations"

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on September 24th, 2013

      Jonathan Zittrain, Kendra Albert, and Lawrence Lessig have self-archived "Perma: Scoping and Addressing the Problem of Link and Reference Rot in Legal Citations" in SSRN.

      Here's an excerpt:

      We document a serious problem of reference rot: more than 70% of the URLs within the Harvard Law Review and other journals, and 50% of the URLs found within U.S. Supreme Court opinions do not link to the originally cited information.

      Given that, we propose a solution for authors and editors of new scholarship that involves libraries undertaking the distributed, long-term preservation of link contents.

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        Presentations from Research Data Management Forum 10

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 20th, 2013

        Presentations from the Research Data Management Forum 10 are now available.

        Here are some representative presentations:

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          "Who and What Links to the Internet Archive"

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 19th, 2013

          Yasmin AlNoamany, Ahmed AlSum, Michele C. Weigle, and Michael L. Nelson have self-archived "Who and What Links to the Internet Archive" in arXiv.org.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The Internet Archive's (IA) Wayback Machine is the largest and oldest public web archive and has become a significant repository of our recent history and cultural heritage. Despite its importance, there has been little research about how it is discovered and used. Based on web access logs, we analyze what users are looking for, why they come to IA, where they come from, and how pages link to IA. We find that users request English pages the most, followed by the European languages. Most human users come to web archives because they do not find the requested pages on the live web. About 65% of the requested archived pages no longer exist on the live web. We find that more than 82% of human sessions connect to the Wayback Machine via referrals from other web sites, while only 15% of robots have referrers. Most of the links (86%) from websites are to individual archived pages at specific points in time, and of those 83% no longer exist on the live web.

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            "Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data"

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 16th, 2013

            The CODATA-ICSTI Task Group on Data Citation Standards and Practices has published "Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data" (edited by Yvonne M. Socha) in the Data Science Journal.

            Here's an excerpt:

            The use of published digital data, like the use of digitally published literature, depends upon the ability to identify, authenticate, locate, access, and interpret them. Data citations provide necessary support for these functions, as well as other functions such as attribution of credit and establishment of provenance. References to data, however, present challenges not encountered in references to literature. For example, how can one specify a particular subset of data in the absence of familiar conventions such as page numbers or chapters? The traditions and good practices for maintaining the scholarly record by proper references to a work are well established and understood in regard to journal articles and other literature, but attributing credit by bibliographic references to data are not yet so broadly implemented. This report discusses the current state of data citation practices, its supporting infrastructure, a set of guiding principles for implementing data citation, challenges to implementation of good data citation practices, and open research questions

            .

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              Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Releases DC-2013 Proceedings

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on September 16th, 2013

              The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative has released the DC-2013 proceedings.

              Here's an excerpt from the conference description:

              DC-2013 will explore questions regarding the persistence, maintenance, and preservation of metadata and descriptive vocabularies. The need for stable representations and descriptions spans all sectors including cultural heritage and scientific data, eGovernment, finance and commerce. Thus, the maintenance and management of metadata is essential to address the long term availability of information of legal, cultural and economic value.

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                "How Portable Are the Metadata Standards for Scientific Data? A Proposal for a Metadata Infrastructure"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on September 10th, 2013

                Jian Qin and Kai Li have self-archived "How Portable Are the Metadata Standards for Scientific Data? A Proposal for a Metadata Infrastructure."

                Here's an excerpt:

                The one-covers-all approach in current metadata standards for scientific data has serious limitations in keeping up with the ever-growing data. This paper reports the findings from a survey to metadata standards in the scientific data domain and argues for the need for a metadata infrastructure. The survey collected 4400+ unique elements from 16 standards and categorized these elements into 9 categories. Findings from the data included that the highest counts of element occurred in the descriptive category and many of them overlapped with DC elements. This pattern also repeated in the elements co-occurred in different standards. A small number of semantically general elements appeared across the largest numbers of standards while the rest of the element co-occurrences formed a long tail with a wide range of specific semantics. The paper discussed implications of the findings in the context of metadata portability and infrastructure and pointed out that large, complex standards and widely varied naming practices are the major hurdles for building a metadata infrastructure.

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