Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"How to Party Like it’s 1999: Emulation for Everyone"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 26th, 2016

Dianne Dietrich, Julia Kim, Morgan McKeehan, and Alison Rhonemus have published "How to Party Like it's 1999: Emulation for Everyone" in the Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

Emulated access of complex media has long been discussed, but there are very few instances in which complex, interactive, born-digital emulations are available to researchers. New York Public Library has made 1980-90's era video games from 5.25? floppy disks in the Timothy Leary Papers accessible via a DosBox emulator. These games appear in various stages of development and display the work of at least four of Leary's collaborators on the games. 56 disk images from the Leary Papers are currently emulated in the reading room. New York University has made late 1990s-mid 2000's era Photoshop files from the Jeremy Blake Papers accessible to researchers. The Blake Papers include over 300 pieces of media. Cornell University Library was awarded a grant from the NEH to analyze approximately 100 born-digital artworks created for CD-ROM from the Rose Goldsen Archive of New Media Art to develop preservation workflows, access strategies, and metadata frameworks. Rhizome has undertaken a number of emulation projects as a major part of its preservation strategy for born-digital artworks. In cooperation with the University of Freiburg in Germany, Rhizome recently restored several digital artworks for public access using a cloud-based emulation framework. This framework (bwFLA) has been designed to facilitate the reenactments of software on a large scale, for internal use or public access. This paper will guide readers through how to implement emulation. Each of the institutions weigh in on oddities and idiosyncrasies they encountered throughout the process—from accession to access.

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"Calculating All that Jazz: Accurately Predicting Digital Storage Needs Utilizing Digitization Parameters for Analog Audio and Still Image Files"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization on April 11th, 2016

Krista White has published "Calculating All that Jazz: Accurately Predicting Digital Storage Needs Utilizing Digitization Parameters for Analog Audio and Still Image Files" in Library Resources & Technical Services.

Here's an excerpt:

Much has been written about digitization projects over the last two decades; digital storage has been highlighted as a central feature of any digitization project, especially the need to purchase additional storage mechanisms to house digitized collections. What is missing from the library science literature is a method for reliably calculating digital storage needs on the basis of parameters for digitizing analog materials such as documents, photographs, and sound recordings in older formats.

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"Fulfill Your Digital Preservation Goals with a Budget Studio"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 4th, 2016

Yongli Zhou has published "Fulfill Your Digital Preservation Goals with a Budget Studio" in Information Technology and Libraries.

Here's an excerpt:

In order to fulfill digital preservation goals, many institutions use high-end scanners for in-house scanning of historical print and oversize materials. However, high-end scanners' prices do not fit in many small institutions' budget. As digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera technologies advance and camera prices drop quickly, a budget photography studio can help to achieve institutions' preservation goals. This paper compares images delivered by a high-end overhead scanner and a consumer level DSLR camera, discusses pros and cons of using each method, demonstrates how to set up a cost efficient shooting studio, and presents a budget estimate for a studio.

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"Migrating 2 and 3D Datasets: Preserving AutoCAD at the Archaeology Data Service"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 31st, 2016

Katie Green, Kieron Niven, and Georgina Field have published "Migrating 2 and 3D Datasets: Preserving AutoCAD at the Archaeology Data Service" in the ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information.

Here's an excerpt:

The lessons learnt during the largescale CAD migration process presented in this paper provide an important insight into the digital preservation component of Research Data Management practice.

While the overall migration process presented in this paper was not a strict migration according to the OAIS model and in many cases essentially involved "re-archiving" data, the exercise itself was necessary for the long-term preservation of the data and was undertaken in such a way as to achieve the best possible outcome for both the ADS and data consumers. While elements of the process were both laborious and time consuming (and therefore costly), as a result of having to reassess original files in the SIP, this highlights the benefits of normalizing data at the point of ingest and the production of homogenous AIPs to stable, reliable standards and formats, reaffirming the importance of professional Research Data Management and preservation practices.

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"Translating Theory to Practice: Defining Digital Preservation Planning in Museums"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Museums on March 22nd, 2016

Emma Palakika James has self-archived "Translating Theory to Practice: Defining Digital Preservation Planning in Museums."

Here's an excerpt:

In this thesis, digital preservation in museums is examined, specifically the development, planning, and implementation of digital preservation initiatives. First, a literature review of digital preservation basics, cross-disciplinary collaboration, and digital preservation policy is presented, followed by case studies of three best-practicing museums. Four key themes are discussed, including defining digital preservation, integration of digital preservation technology, collaboration, and policy development. Finally, several conclusions and recommendations are presented, most notably that digital preservation in a museum context must be viewed and implemented from a collections management perspective.

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Web Archiving Environmental Scan

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on March 18th, 2016

The Harvard Library has released the Web Archiving Environmental Scan.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The purpose of the environmental scan was to explore and document current web archiving programs (and institutions desiring a similar capacity) to identify common concerns, needs, and expectations in the collection and provision of web archives to users; the provision and maintenance of web archiving infrastructure and services; and the use of web archives by researchers.

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"Humanities Data in the Library: Integrity, Form, Access"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities on March 16th, 2016

Thomas Padilla has published "Humanities Data in the Library: Integrity, Form, Access" in D-Lib Magazine.

Here's an excerpt:

Digitally inflected Humanities scholarship and pedagogy is on the rise. Librarians are engaging this activity in part through a range of digital scholarship initiatives. While these engagements bear value, efforts to reshape library collections in light of demand remain nascent. This paper advances principles derived from practice to inform development of collections that can better support data driven research and pedagogy, examines existing practice in this area for strengths and weaknesses, and extends to consider possible futures.

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UNESCO/PERSIST Guidelines for the Selection of Digital Heritage for Long-Term Preservation

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 15th, 2016

UNESCO has released UNESCO/PERSIST Guidelines for the Selection of Digital Heritage for Long-Term Preservation.

Here's an excerpt:

The aim of the Guidelines is to provide an overarching starting point for libraries, archives, museums and other heritage institutions when drafting their own policies on the selection of digital heritage for long-term sustainable digital preservation. Existing institutional policies may be assessed against the Guidelines and revised if required. The Guidelines address a diverse audience.

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"The RADAR Project-A Service for Research Data Archival and Publication"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 14th, 2016

Angelina Kraft et al. have published "The RADAR Project-A Service for Research Data Archival and Publication" in the ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information.

Here's an excerpt:

The aim of the RADAR (Research Data Repository) project is to set up and establish an infrastructure that facilitates research data management: the infrastructure will allow researchers to store, manage, annotate, cite, curate, search and find scientific data in a digital platform available at any time that can be used by multiple (specialized) disciplines. While appropriate and innovative preservation strategies and systems are in place for the big data communities (e.g., environmental sciences, space, and climate), the stewardship for many other disciplines, often called the "long tail research domains", is uncertain. Funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), the RADAR collaboration project develops a service oriented infrastructure for the preservation, publication and traceability of (independent) research data. The key aspect of RADAR is the implementation of a two-stage business model for data preservation and publication: clients may preserve research results for up to 15 years and assign well-graded access rights, or to publish data with a DOI assignment for an unlimited period of time. Potential clients include libraries, research institutions, publishers and open platforms that desire an adaptable digital infrastructure to archive and publish data according to their institutional requirements and workflows.

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CCAHA 2016 Preservation Needs Assessment Program

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Grants on March 11th, 2016

The Conservation Center for Art & Historic Artifacts is accepting applications for its 2016 Preservation Needs Assessment Program.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

CCAHA is seeking applicants for its Preservation Needs Assessment Program. Through funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), CCAHA is able to offer a limited number of subsidized preservation needs assessments. Awarded institutions will pay a total of just $350 for services valued at over $5,000.

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"Persistent URIs Must Be Used to Be Persistent"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on March 2nd, 2016

Herbert Van de Sompel, Martin Klein, and Shawn M. Jones have self-archived "Persistent URIs Must Be Used to Be Persistent."

Here's an excerpt:

We quantify the extent to which references to papers in scholarly literature use persistent HTTP URIs that leverage the Digital Object Identifier infrastructure. We find a significant number of references that do not, speculate why authors would use brittle URIs when persistent ones are available, and propose an approach to alleviate the problem.

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Preserving Social Media

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Social Media/Web 2.0 on March 2nd, 2016

The Digital Preservation Coalition has released Preserving Social Media.

Here's an excerpt:

This report provides an overview of strategies for the archiving of social media for long-term access, for both policy and implementation. Specifically, it addresses social networking platforms and platforms with significant amounts of user-generated content, excluding blogs, trading, and marketing sites, which are covered in other Technology Watch Reports.

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