Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications 2014-2015

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization on June 24th, 2014

The Library of Congress has released the Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications 2014-2015.

Here's an excerpt:

The creation and publication of these recommended format specifications is not intended to serve as an answer to all the questions raised in preserving and providing long-term access to creative content. They do not provide instructions for receiving this material into repositories, managing that content or undertaking the many ongoing tasks which will be necessary to maintain this content so that it may be used well into the future. Tackling each of those aspects is a project in and of itself as each form of content has a unique set of facets and nuances. These specifications provide guidance on identifying sets of formats which are not drawn so narrowly as to discourage creators from working within them, but will instead encourage creators to use them to produce works in formats which will make preserving them and making them accessible simpler. Following these specifications helps make it realistic to build, grow and save creative output for our individual and collective benefit for generations to come.

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    Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

    Posted in Bibliographies, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on June 23rd, 2014

    Digital Scholarship has released version 4 of the Research Data Curation Bibliography. This selective bibliography includes over 320 English-language articles and technical reports that are useful in understanding the curation of digital research data in academic and other research institutions.

    The "digital curation" concept is still evolving. In "Digital Curation and Trusted Repositories: Steps toward Success," Christopher A. Lee and Helen R. Tibbo define digital curation as follows:

    Digital curation involves selection and appraisal by creators and archivists; evolving provision of intellectual access; redundant storage; data transformations; and, for some materials, a commitment to long-term preservation. Digital curation is stewardship that provides for the reproducibility and re-use of authentic digital data and other digital assets. Development of trustworthy and durable digital repositories; principles of sound metadata creation and capture; use of open standards for file formats and data encoding; and the promotion of information management literacy are all essential to the longevity of digital resources and the success of curation efforts.

    Most sources have been published from January 2009 through June 2014; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included.

    The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

    It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

    For broader coverage of the digital curation literature, see the author's Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works,which presents over 650 English-language articles, books, and technical reports, and the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement, which presents over 130 additional sources.

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      Guidance on Cloud Storage and Digital Preservation: How Cloud Storage Can Address the Needs of Public Archives in the UK

      Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 27th, 2014

      The National Archives (UK) has released Guidance on Cloud Storage and Digital Preservation: How Cloud Storage Can Address the Needs of Public Archives in the UK.

      Here's an excerpt:

      This Guidance is focussed on the cloud and its potential role in archival storage. It aims to help public archives in the UK develop an understanding of cloud storage and its potential contribution to their digital preservation activities, and to provide a balanced overview allowing archives to understand potential benefits and risks involved and the range of options available (including not using cloud if it does not meet your requirements).

      Whilst primarily targeted at public archives, the aim is to provide information that will be useful within a range of organisational contexts, and overarching advice that can be translated into the private sector where relevant.

      See also the case studies.

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        2014 NDSA Innovation Award Winners

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 13th, 2014

        The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Innovation Working Group has announced the 2014 NDSA Innovation Award winners.

        Here's an excerpt:

        Institution: National Software Reference Library, National Institute for Standards and Technology: Recognized for their substantial leadership in building a national collection of software, developing and sharing workflows and approaches for software preservation, and for modeling approaches to corpus analysis of born digital collections. You can learn more about the NSRL in this interview.

        Project: XFR STN, The New Museum. "XFR STN" (Transfer Station) acts as "an open-door artist-centered media archiving project." The project is recognized in particular for how it stands as a model for community-driven digital preservation activity, utilized existing platforms like the Internet Archive for long term preservation, and worked directly with artist and media creators to preserve their work.

        Individual: Trevor Muñoz, Assistant Dean for Digital Humanities Research at the University of Maryland Libraries and an Associate Director of the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities. Recognized for his work developing and teaching best practices in data curation in the digital humanities and for his work advocating for digital preservation as a core function of librarianship, archival work, and scholarship.

        Future Steward: Emily Reynolds, National Digital Stewardship Resident, The World Bank. Recognized for the quality of her work in a range of internships and student positions with ICPSR, University of Michigan Libraries, the Library of Congress, Brooklyn Historical Society, Storycorps, and, in particular, her recent work on the World Bank"™s eArchives project.

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          Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 2nd, 2014

          The Educopia Institute has released Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)-funded Chronicles in Preservation project (http://metaarchive.org/neh/) completed this Comparative Analysis of three Distributed Digital Preservation systems to analyze their underlying technologies and methodologies:

          • Chronopolis using iRODS (http://chronopolis.sdsc.edu/).
          • University of North Texas using Coda (http://www.library.unt.edu/).
          • MetaArchive Cooperative using LOCKSS (http://metaarchive.org/).

          Chronicles in Preservation is a three-year effort to study, document, and model techniques for the preservation of digital newspaper collections. This Comparative Analysis is based on a series of test exchanges between academic libraries curating digital newspaper collections and the three above- mentioned DDP systems.

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            Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on April 30th, 2014

            OCLC Research has released Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content.

            Here's an excerpt from the press release:

            Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content presents the preliminary findings of Phase 1 of our Preservation Health Check investigation of preservation monitoring and suggests that there is an opportunity to use PREMIS preservation metadata as an evidence base to support a threat assessment exercise based on the Simple Property-Oriented Threat (SPOT) model.

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              Born-Digital U.S. Federal Government Information: Preservation And Access

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 8th, 2014

              The Center for Research Libraries has released Born-Digital U.S. Federal Government Information: Preservation And Access.

              Here's an excerpt:

              But the migration of government information from print to digital has introduced new problems into the challenge of preserving government information. Very little government information is being deposited in FDLP libraries. In 2013 the Government Printing Office (GPO) estimated that 97% of federal government information was born-digital and current GPO policy limits FDLP deposit of digital information to so-called "tangible" objects such as CD-ROMs and DVDs (GPO 2006), which create their own preservation problems (Gano). While libraries played an essential role in preservation of government information in the print era, most born-digital government information is not held, managed, organized, served, or preserved by libraries.

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                Current State of 3D Object Digital Preservation and Gap-Analysis Report

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 20th, 2014

                DURAARK has released the Current State of 3D Object Digital Preservation and Gap-Analysis Report.

                Here's an excerpt:

                The gap analysis is approached through an in-depth analysis of two areas. One area is that of fundamental digital preservation tools and processes regardless of their content type. It describes processes and standards adapted by the global digital preservation community and implemented in archives of varying domains, e.g., archives dealing predominantly with e-publications as well as AV-archives. The second area is that of current existing processes for the digital preservation of 3D objects. It describes aspects and challenges which are uniquely tied to the long-term archiving process of this content-type and lists existing tools and standards. The gaps are identified through a comparison of the content type agnostic and the 3D-specific state of the art descriptions.

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