Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Digital File Formats for Videotape Reformatting

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on December 5th, 2014

The Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative Audio-Visual Working Group has released Digital File Formats for Videotape Reformatting.

Here's an excerpt:

The project to compare video formats for reformatting is being led by the National Archives and Records Administration with significant input from the Library of Congress. The resulting matrixes offer comparisons of the wrappers AVI, MOV (QuickTime), Matroska, MXF, and MPEG-2 (ad hoc file wrapper), and the following encodings: uncompressed (various types), lossless JPEG 2000, ffv1, and MPEG-2 (encoding). The Working Group's starting point is a useful 2011 report by George Blood for the Library of Congress titled Determining Suitable Digital Video Formats for Medium-term Storage. The inclusion of MXF means that the comparison will complement the FADGI Audio-Visual Working Group's active contributions to the finalization of the MXF AS-07 application specification for preservation and archiving, a "pre-version" of which has been adopted by the Library of Congress as their video preservation format. Nevertheless, as the finalization of AS-07 continues, members of the Working Group and others have expressed interest in evaluating alternate digital file formats. These alternate formats may be appropriate to certain classes of content, for use as interim measures, or suitable for organizations in modest technical circumstances.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Be Sociable, Share!

    The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition)

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 5th, 2014

    The Digital Preservation Coalition has released The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition).

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    Emphasising its flexibility and conceptual nature, the report describes the OAIS, its core principles and functional elements, as well as the information model which support long-term preservation, access and understandability of data – highlighting the in-built level of abstraction which makes it such a widely applicable foundation resource for digital preservation.

    Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

    Be Sociable, Share!

      Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media, Reports and White Papers on December 5th, 2014

      The Born Digital Video subgroup of the Federal Agencies Digitization Guidelines Initiative Audio-Visual Working Group has released Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The born digital video exploration is being led by the Library of Congress. The documents that comprise Creating and Archiving Born Digital Video provide practical technical information for both file creators and file archivists to help them make informed decisions when creating or archiving born digital video files and to understand the long term consequences of those decisions. . . .

      Eight case histories document aspects of the current state of practice in six federal agencies working with born digital video. These case histories not only document deliverables and specifications but also tell the story of each project, and provide background information about the institution and the collection, as well as lessons learned. As the case histories developed, a set of high level recommended practices emerged from the collective project experiences. These recommended practices are intended to support informed decision-making and guide file creators and archivists as they seek out processes, file characteristics, and other practices that will yield files with the greatest preservation potential.

      Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

      Be Sociable, Share!

        Fedora 4 Production Release

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Fedora, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Source Software on December 5th, 2014

        The international Fedora repository community and DuraSpace have released the Fedora 4 production release.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        This significant release signals the effectiveness of an international and complex community source project in delivering a modern repository platform with features that meet or exceed current use cases in the management of institutional digital assets. Fedora 4 features include vast improvements in scalability, linked data capabilities, research data support, modularity, ease of use and more.

        Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

        Be Sociable, Share!

          Archival Electronic Records: President Barack Obama Signs the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments of 2014

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Legislation and Government Regulation on December 2nd, 2014

          President Barack Obama has signed H.R. 1233, the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments of 2014.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          Major updates to the Presidential and Federal Records Acts include:

          • Strengthening the Federal Records Act by expanding the definition of Federal records to clearly include electronic records. This is the first change to the definition of a Federal record since the enactment of the act in 1950.
          • Confirming that Federal electronic records will be transferred to the National Archives in electronic form.
          • Granting the Archivist of the United States final determination as to what constitutes a Federal record.
          • Authorizing the early transfer of permanent electronic Federal and Presidential records to the National Archives, while legal custody remains with the agency or the President.

          Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

          Be Sociable, Share!

            Digital Curation: Report on Risk, Benefit, Impact and Value

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 24th, 2014

            4C has released Report on Risk, Benefit, Impact and Value.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            This deliverable of the 4C project work package "WP4-Enhancement" proposes a pragmatic method for estimating costs of digital curation in two different scenarios:

            • A "Current" scenario, where the costs of controls already exist in the repository as a means to reduce the impact of the consequence of a risk/threat, change the likelihood of an event, or reduce the exposure to a vulnerability;
            • A "Future" scenario, where the costs of controls do not yet exist, but where repository managers are able to consider alternative scenarios of repository governance.

            Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

            Be Sociable, Share!

              "Curation Costs Exchange: Supporting Smarter Investments in Digital Curation"

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 11th, 2014

              Sarah Middleton has published "Curation Costs Exchange: Supporting Smarter Investments in Digital Curation" in EDUCAUSE Review.

              Here's an excerpt:

              A sizeable canon of research exists on cost modeling for digital curation. Although this research typically emphasizes the cost and complexity of digital curation and preservation, it is in many ways preliminary; the tools and methods developed have seen little uptake. Tools to manage and estimate costs, for example, have not been integrated into other digital curation processes or tools. The question is why? To answer it, a consortium of 13 European partners and cost modeling specialists launched the Collaboration to Clarify the Costs of Curation (4C) project.

              Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

              Be Sociable, Share!

                "Video Game Preservation in the UK: A Survey of Records Management Practices"

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 7th, 2014

                Alasdair Bachell and Matthew Barr have published "Video Game Preservation in the UK: A Survey of Records Management Practices" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

                Here's an excerpt:

                This study looked at the current attitudes towards preservation in the UK's independent ('indie') video games industry by examining current record-keeping practices and analysing the views of games developers. The results show that there is an interest in preserving games, and possibly a desire to do so, but issues of piracy and cost prevent the industry from undertaking preservation work internally, and from allowing others to assume such responsibility. The recommendation made by this paper is not simply for preservation professionals and enthusiasts to collaborate with the industry, but to do so by advocating the commercial benefits that preservation may offer to the industry.

                Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

                Be Sociable, Share!

                  "Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities"

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 7th, 2014

                  Katherine G. Akers et al. have published "Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM), including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support for RDM, and we discuss similarities and dissimilarities among universities in motivation to provide RDM support, collaborations among campus units, assessment of needs and services, and changes in staffing.

                  Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

                  Be Sociable, Share!

                    "A Perspective on Archiving the Scholarly Web"

                    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on November 6th, 2014

                    Herbert Van de Sompel and Andrew Treloar have self-archived "A Perspective on Archiving the Scholarly Web."

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    As the scholarly communication system evolves to become natively web-based and starts supporting the communication of a wide variety of objects, the manner in which its essential functions —registration, certification, awareness, archiving—are fulfilled co-evolves. This paper focuses on the nature of the archival function based on a perspective of the developing future scholarly communication infrastructure.

                    Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

                    Be Sociable, Share!

                      Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 24th, 2014

                      The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      The goal of the survey was to better understand the landscape of web archiving activities in the U.S. by investigating the organizations involved, the history and scope of their web archiving programs, the types of web content being preserved, the tools and services being used, access and discovery services being provided and overall policies related to web archiving programs. While this survey documents the current state of U.S. web archiving initiatives, comparison with the results of the 2011-2012 survey enables an analysis of emerging trends. The report therefore describes the current state of the field, tracks the evolution of the field over the last few years, and forecasts future activities and developments.

                      Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

                      Be Sociable, Share!

                        "Archiving the Web: A Case Study from the University of Victoria"

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 22nd, 2014

                        Corey Davis has published "Archiving the Web: A Case Study from the University of Victoria" in Code4Lib Journal.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The University of Victoria Libraries started archiving websites in 2013, and it quickly became apparent that many scholarly websites being produced by faculty, especially in the digital humanities, were going to prove very challenging to effectively capture and play back. This article will provide an overview of web archiving and explore the considerable legal and technical challenges of implementing a web archiving initiative at a research library, using the University of Victoria's implementation of Archive-it, a web archiving service from the Internet Archive, as a case study, with a special focus on capturing complex, interactive websites that scholars are creating to disseminate their research in new ways.

                        Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

                        Be Sociable, Share!

                          Page 2 of 4712345...102030...Last »

                          DigitalKoans

                          DigitalKoans

                          Digital Scholarship

                          Copyright © 2005-2015 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

                          Creative Commons License
                          This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license.