Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"The Integrity of Research Is at Risk: Capturing and Preserving Web Sites and Web Documents and the Implications for Resource Sharing"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 11th, 2014

James G. Neal has published "The Integrity of Research Is at Risk: Capturing and Preserving Web Sites and Web Documents and the Implications for Resource Sharing" in IFLA WLIC 2014—Lyon.

Here's an excerpt:

Born digital materials, for example websites and web documents, present particular challenges to academic and community libraries and their collection development, discovery and access, preservation, and resource sharing programs. This paper will explore the policy, workflow, legal, governance, financial, and service framework for capturing and preserving web content in the context of expanding collaborative collection development agreements among libraries. The paper will describe the program at the Columbia University Libraries in the area of Web Resources Archiving Collaboration. Columbia has sought to situate its program within the broader mission of its Libraries, collecting content deemed important for current and future research, preserving the content for future scholars, but also providing access in novel ways to foster current use in teaching and research.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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    "Dealing with Data: Science Librarians’ Participation in Data Management at Association of Research Libraries Institutions"

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 9th, 2014

    Karen Antell et al. have published "Dealing with Data: Science Librarians' Participation in Data Management at Association of Research Libraries Institutions" in College & Research Libraries.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This study, a survey of science librarians at institutions affiliated with the Association of Research Libraries, investigates science librarians' awareness of and involvement in institutional repositories, data repositories, and data management support services at their institutions. The study also explores the roles and responsibilities, both new and traditional, that science librarians have assumed related to data management, and the skills that science librarians believe are necessary to meet the demands of data management work.

    Digital Scholarship | Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

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      "Research Data Management Case Studies"

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 7th, 2014

      LIBER's Steering Committee on Scholarly Communication and Research Infrastructures has released "Research Data Management Case Studies."

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      These studies describe policies and strategies that pave the way for the creation, institutional integration and the running of support services and underlying infrastructures. In addition, challenges and lessons learned are described, and ways-forward outlined.

      Digital Scholarship | Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

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        Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights

        Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on June 27th, 2014

        The European Commission has released Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights.

        Here's an excerpt from the summary:

        The first part of the study is the report by Charles River Associates "Assessing the economic impacts of adapting certain limitations and exceptions to copyright and related rights in the EU" (Langus et al., 2013, henceforth "CRA Methodology Report"), which establishes a methodology to assess exceptions and limitations to copyright. . . .

        In turn, the present report uses the aforementioned methodology to assess the economic impacts of specific policy options in several topics of interest, in view of providing policy guidance on these topics. This report focuses on the following topics:

        • Digital preservation by cultural heritage and educational institutions;
        • The provision of remote access by cultural heritage and educational institutions to their collections for the benefit of their patrons;
        • E-lending by publicly accessible libraries;
        • Text and data mining for the purpose of scientific research;
        • Reproductions made by natural persons for private uses.

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          Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications 2014-2015

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization on June 24th, 2014

          The Library of Congress has released the Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications 2014-2015.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The creation and publication of these recommended format specifications is not intended to serve as an answer to all the questions raised in preserving and providing long-term access to creative content. They do not provide instructions for receiving this material into repositories, managing that content or undertaking the many ongoing tasks which will be necessary to maintain this content so that it may be used well into the future. Tackling each of those aspects is a project in and of itself as each form of content has a unique set of facets and nuances. These specifications provide guidance on identifying sets of formats which are not drawn so narrowly as to discourage creators from working within them, but will instead encourage creators to use them to produce works in formats which will make preserving them and making them accessible simpler. Following these specifications helps make it realistic to build, grow and save creative output for our individual and collective benefit for generations to come.

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            Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

            Posted in Bibliographies, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on June 23rd, 2014

            Digital Scholarship has released version 4 of the Research Data Curation Bibliography. This selective bibliography includes over 320 English-language articles and technical reports that are useful in understanding the curation of digital research data in academic and other research institutions.

            The "digital curation" concept is still evolving. In "Digital Curation and Trusted Repositories: Steps toward Success," Christopher A. Lee and Helen R. Tibbo define digital curation as follows:

            Digital curation involves selection and appraisal by creators and archivists; evolving provision of intellectual access; redundant storage; data transformations; and, for some materials, a commitment to long-term preservation. Digital curation is stewardship that provides for the reproducibility and re-use of authentic digital data and other digital assets. Development of trustworthy and durable digital repositories; principles of sound metadata creation and capture; use of open standards for file formats and data encoding; and the promotion of information management literacy are all essential to the longevity of digital resources and the success of curation efforts.

            Most sources have been published from January 2009 through June 2014; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included.

            The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

            It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

            For broader coverage of the digital curation literature, see the author's Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works,which presents over 650 English-language articles, books, and technical reports, and the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement, which presents over 130 additional sources.

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              Guidance on Cloud Storage and Digital Preservation: How Cloud Storage Can Address the Needs of Public Archives in the UK

              Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 27th, 2014

              The National Archives (UK) has released Guidance on Cloud Storage and Digital Preservation: How Cloud Storage Can Address the Needs of Public Archives in the UK.

              Here's an excerpt:

              This Guidance is focussed on the cloud and its potential role in archival storage. It aims to help public archives in the UK develop an understanding of cloud storage and its potential contribution to their digital preservation activities, and to provide a balanced overview allowing archives to understand potential benefits and risks involved and the range of options available (including not using cloud if it does not meet your requirements).

              Whilst primarily targeted at public archives, the aim is to provide information that will be useful within a range of organisational contexts, and overarching advice that can be translated into the private sector where relevant.

              See also the case studies.

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                2014 NDSA Innovation Award Winners

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 13th, 2014

                The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Innovation Working Group has announced the 2014 NDSA Innovation Award winners.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Institution: National Software Reference Library, National Institute for Standards and Technology: Recognized for their substantial leadership in building a national collection of software, developing and sharing workflows and approaches for software preservation, and for modeling approaches to corpus analysis of born digital collections. You can learn more about the NSRL in this interview.

                Project: XFR STN, The New Museum. "XFR STN" (Transfer Station) acts as "an open-door artist-centered media archiving project." The project is recognized in particular for how it stands as a model for community-driven digital preservation activity, utilized existing platforms like the Internet Archive for long term preservation, and worked directly with artist and media creators to preserve their work.

                Individual: Trevor Muñoz, Assistant Dean for Digital Humanities Research at the University of Maryland Libraries and an Associate Director of the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities. Recognized for his work developing and teaching best practices in data curation in the digital humanities and for his work advocating for digital preservation as a core function of librarianship, archival work, and scholarship.

                Future Steward: Emily Reynolds, National Digital Stewardship Resident, The World Bank. Recognized for the quality of her work in a range of internships and student positions with ICPSR, University of Michigan Libraries, the Library of Congress, Brooklyn Historical Society, Storycorps, and, in particular, her recent work on the World Bank"™s eArchives project.

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