Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"The Data Conservancy Instance: Infrastructure and Organizational Services for Research Data Curation"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 16th, 2012

Matthew S. Mayernik, G. Sayeed Choudhury, Tim DiLauro, Elliot Metsger, Barbara Pralle, Mike Rippin, and Ruth Duerr have published "The Data Conservancy Instance: Infrastructure and Organizational Services for Research Data Curation" in the latest issue of D-LIB Magazine.

Here's an excerpt:

Digital research data can only be managed and preserved over time through a sustained institutional commitment. Research data curation is a multi-faceted issue, requiring technologies, organizational structures, and human knowledge and skills to come together in complementary ways. This article provides a high-level description of the Data Conservancy Instance, an implementation of infrastructure and organizational services for data collection, storage, preservation, archiving, curation, and sharing. While comparable to institutional repository systems and disciplinary data repositories in some aspects, the DC Instance is distinguished by featuring a data-centric architecture, discipline-agnostic data model, and a data feature extraction framework that facilitates data integration and cross-disciplinary queries. The Data Conservancy Instance is intended to support, and be supported by, a skilled data curation staff, and to facilitate technical, financial, and human sustainability of organizational data curation services. The Johns Hopkins University Data Management Services (JHU DMS) are described as an example of how the Data Conservancy Instance can be deployed.

| Digital Curation Resource Guide | Digital Scholarship |

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    Digital Preservation: Swatting the Long Tail of Digital Media: A Call for Collaboration

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 12th, 2012

    OCLC Research has released Swatting the Long Tail of Digital Media: A Call for Collaboration.

    Here's an excerpt:

    It is difficult to do much with digital media unless you can read its content and transfer that content to more stable media. Few institutions can be expected to manage all media types. In order to make real progress in preserving and providing access to born-digital content, libraries and archives need to leverage specialized resources and expertise across the community. In this paper I posit the need for SWAT (software and workstations for antiquated technology) sites: organizations or institutions that are willing to put their expertise to use for the benefit of the broader community by providing specialized services to institutions with limited resources.

    | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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      Digital Curation and the Cloud: Final Report

      Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on September 9th, 2012

      JISC has released Digital Curation and the Cloud: Final Report. This is a revised version of the draft report that was released earlier this year.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Digital curation involves a wide range of activities, many of which may be suitable for deployment within a cloud environment. These range from infrequent, resource-intensive tasks which will benefit from the ability to rapidly provision resources, to day-to-day collaborative activities which can be facilitated by networked cloud services. Associated benefits are offset by risks such as loss of data or service level, legal and governance incompatibilities and transfer bottlenecks. There is considerable variability across both risks and benefits according to the service and deployment models being adopted and the context in which activities are performed. Some risks, such as legal liabilities, are mitigated by the use of alternatives, for example, private cloud models, but this is typically at the expense of benefits such as resource elasticity and economies of scale.

      | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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        Key Digital Preservation Standard Updated: Open Archival Information System (OAIS)

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on August 29th, 2012

        ISO has published ISO 14721:2012: Space Data and Information Transfer Systems—Open Archival Information System (OAIS)—Reference Model. A PDF version with marked changes is available from the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This reference model:

        • provides a framework for the understanding and increased awareness of archival concepts needed for Long Term digital information preservation and access;
        • provides the concepts needed by non-archival organizations to be effective participants in the preservation process;
        • provides a framework, including terminology and concepts, for describing and comparing architectures and operations of existing and future Archives;
        • provides a framework for describing and comparing different Long Term Preservation strategies and techniques;
        • provides a basis for comparing the data models of digital information preserved by Archives and for discussing how data models and the underlying information may change over time;
        • provides a framework that may be expanded by other efforts to cover Long Term Preservation of information that is NOT in digital form (e.g., physical media and physical samples);

        | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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          You’ve Got to Walk Before You Can Run: First Steps for Managing Born-Digital Content Received on Physical Media

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Reports and White Papers on August 23rd, 2012

          OCLC Research has released You've Got to Walk Before You Can Run: First Steps for Managing Born-Digital Content Received on Physical Media,

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          You've Got to Walk Before You Can Run: First Steps for Managing Born-Digital Content Received on Physical Media is intended for anyone who doesn't know where to begin in managing born-digital materials. It errs on the side of simplicity and describes what is truly necessary to start managing born-digital content on physical media, and it presents a list of the basic steps without expanding on archival theory or the use of particular software tools. It does not assume that policies are in place or that those performing the tasks are familiar with traditional archival practices, nor does it assume that significant IT support is available.

          Read more about it at "Defining 'Born Digital': An Essay by Ricky Erway, OCLC Research."

          | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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            Best Practices for Citability of Data and Evolving Roles in Scholarly Communication

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on August 20th, 2012

            Opportunities for Data Exchange has released Best Practices for Citability of Data and Evolving Roles in Scholarly Communication.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This report sets out the current thinking on data citation best practice and presents the results of a survey of librarians asking how new support roles could and should be developed. The findings presented here build on the extensive desk research carried out for the report "Integration of Data and Publication" (Reilly, Schallier, Schrimpf, Smit, & Wilkinson, Sept 2011), which identified that data citation was an area of opportunity for both researchers and libraries. That report also recounted the findings of a workshop held at the LIBER 2011 Conference in Barcelona. . . .This previous work is supported here with further information gathered through extensive desk research, structured interviews and an online survey of LIBER members to explore best practice in data citation and evolving support roles for libraries.

            | Research Data Curation Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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              Sharing Research Data: Compilation of Results on Drivers and Barriers and New Opportunities

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on August 20th, 2012

              Opportunities for Data Exchange has released Compilation of Results on Drivers and Barriers and New Opportunities.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Opportunities for Data Exchange (ODE) is a FP7 Project carried out by members of the Alliance for Permanent Access (APA), which is gathering evidence to support strategic investment in the emerging e-Infrastructure for data sharing, re-use and preservation. The ODE Conceptual Model has been developed within the Project to characterise the process of data sharing and the factors which give rise to variations in data sharing for different parties involved. Within the overall Conceptual Model there can be identified models of process, of context, and of drivers, barriers and enablers. The Conceptual Model has been evolved on the basis of existing knowledge and expertise, and draws on research conducted both outside of the ODE Project and in earlier stages of the Project itself (Sections 1-2).

              | Research Data Curation Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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                Digital Preservation: SiteStory Released

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Source Software on August 19th, 2012

                Herbert van de Sompel has announced the release of SiteStory.

                Here's an excerpt:

                I am very pleased to announce the open source release of our SiteStory transactional web archiving solution. The solution is compatible with the Memento "Time Travel for the Web" framework and its current implementation can be used to archive Apache web servers.

                Read more about it at Memento: Adding Time to the Web.

                | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works | Digital Scholarship |

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