Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Research Data Management in Practice

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 8th, 2013

The Australian National Data Service has released Research Data Management in Practice.

Here's an excerpt:

ANDS has commissioned this "Research Data Management Practice Guide" as a practical starting point that focuses on the 'Why' and 'How' of good data and risk management, with plenty of references for further reading for readers who need more detail. . . .

The Practice Guide is aimed at research administrators in the e-research space, providing them with an overview for the planning and operations of sharing research data, thereby creating better opportunities for data re-use. It is acknowledged that no single person or even business unit is responsible for all aspects of research data management and that a collaborative approach is required. In all cases this will involve the researcher/data creator.

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"The Role of the Library in the Research Enterprise"

Posted in Cyberinfrastructure/E-Science, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on May 6th, 2013

Christopher J. Shaffer has published "The Role of the Library in the Research Enterprise" in the latest issue of the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

Here's an excerpt:

Libraries have provided services to researchers for many years. Changes in technology and new publishing models provide opportunities for libraries to be more involved in the research enterprise. Within this article, the author reviews traditional library services, briefly describes the eScience and publishing landscape as it relates to libraries, and explores possible library programs in support of research. Many of the new opportunities require new partnerships, both within the institution and externally.

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State of the Art Report on Damage Prevention and Repair of Digital AV Media

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on May 3rd, 2013

The DAVID consortium has released State of the Art Report on Damage Prevention and Repair of Digital AV Media.

Here's an excerpt:

This report contains information on the state of the art in digital damage prevention and repair of audio-visual media. It has been compiled in course of the project definition of DAVID. The DAVID project addresses specific research questions for preservation and restoration of audio-visual media. An overview on the projects rationale is presented in section 2, details on the continuing project can be found at www.david-preservation.eu.

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"Twenty-Five Shades of Greycite: Semantics for Referencing and Preservation"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on April 30th, 2013

Phillip Lord and Lindsay Marshall have self-archived "Twenty-Five Shades of Greycite: Semantics for Referencing and Preservation" in arXiv.org .

Here's an excerpt:

Semantic publishing can enable richer documents with clearer, computationally interpretable properties. For this vision to become reality, however, authors must benefit from this process, so that they are incentivised to add these semantics. Moreover, the publication process that generates final content must allow and enable this semantic content. Here we focus on author-led or "grey" literature, which uses a convenient and simple publication pipeline. We describe how we have used metadata in articles to enable richer referencing of these articles and how we have customised the addition of these semantics to articles. Finally, we describe how we use the same semantics to aid in digital preservation and non-repudiability of research articles

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The Web Archiving Life Cycle Model

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 29th, 2013

Archive-It has released the The Web Archiving Life Cycle Model.

Here's an excerpt:

In order to address the lack of best practices and to increase awareness of the importance of web archiving as fundamental to digital preservation, the Archive-It team developed the Web Archiving Life Cycle Model (WALCM). This model is based on the team's experiences as well as lessons learned from countless partner institutions, including in-depth case studies of six of those institutions. The WALCM is an attempt to represent common workflows and create a measurable model for organizations to reference in order to create or improve their web archiving programs.

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"Scholars and Their Blogs: Characteristics, Preferences, and Perceptions Impacting Digital Preservation"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Scholarly Communication, Social Media/Web 2.0 on April 24th, 2013

Carolyn F. Hank has self-archived "Scholars and Their Blogs: Characteristics, Preferences, and Perceptions Impacting Digital Preservation" in the Carolina Digital Repository.

Here's an excerpt:

This descriptive study investigated scholars who blog in the areas of history, economics, law, biology, chemistry and physics, as well as attributes of their respective blogs. It offers an examination of scholars' attitudes and perceptions of their blogs in relation to the system of scholarly communication and their preferences for digital preservation.. . . Most feel their blogs should be preserved for both personal and public access and use into the indefinite, rather than short-term, future. Scholars who blog identify themselves as most responsible for blog preservation. Concerning capability, scholars perceive blog service providers, hosts, and networks as most capable. National and institutional-based libraries and archives, as well as institutional IT departments, are perceived as least responsible and capable for preservation of scholars' respective blogs.

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"Developing Researcher Skills in Research Data Management: Training for the Future—A DataPool Project Report"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 23rd, 2013

Dorothy Byatt, Mark Scott, F. Gareth Beale, Simon J. Cox, and Wendy White have self-archived "Developing Researcher Skills in Research Data Management: Training for the Future—A DataPool Project Report" in ePrints Soton.

Here's an excerpt:

This report will look at the multi-level approach to developing researcher skills in research data management in the University of Southampton, developed as part of the training strand of the JISC DataPool project, and embedded into the University engagement with research data management.

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"A Systemic Approach to the Preservation of Audio Documents: Methodology and Software Tools"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 23rd, 2013

Federica Bressan and Sergio Canazza have published "A Systemic Approach to the Preservation of Audio Documents: Methodology and Software Tools" in the Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper presents a methodology for the preservation of audio documents, the operational protocol that acts as the methodology, and an original open source software system that supports and automatizes several tasks along the process. The methodology is presented in the light of the ethical debate that has been challenging the international archival community for the last thirty years. The operational protocol reflects the methodological principles adopted by the authors, and its effectiveness is based on the results obtained in recent research projects involving some of the finest audio archives in Europe. Some recommendations are given for the rerecording process, aimed at minimizing the information loss and at quantifying the unintentional alterations introduced by the technical equipment. Finally, the paper introduces an original software system that guides and supports the preservation staff along the process, reducing the processing timing, automatizing tasks, minimizing errors, and using information hiding strategies to ease the cognitive load. Currently the software system is in use in several international archives.

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"Research Object for Scholarly Communication (ROSC) Community Group Charter"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 22nd, 2013

Jun Zhao of the University of Oxford has released the "Research Object for Scholarly Communication (ROSC) Community Group Charter." ROSC is a W3C group.

Here's an excerpt:

The primary goal of the Community Group is to provide a platform for scholars, librarians, publishers, archivists and policy makers to exchange requirements and expectations for supporting a new form of scholarly communication, i.e. making the actual research assets available as first-class objects to enable better reuse and reproduce of research results and knowledge. These research assets, including data used and generated in an investigation, methods used for producing the data, as well as people and organisations involved in the study, are what we call Research Objects.

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Digital Curation Preparation: A Survey of Contributors to International Professional, Educational, and Research Venues

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 19th, 2013

The UNC at Chapel Hill School of Information and Library Science has released Digital Curation Preparation: A Survey of Contributors to International Professional, Educational, and Research Venues.

Here's an excerpt:

The article centers on the contexts of digital curation research as framed by the educational, professional, and research interests of a diverse group of national and international stakeholders. Flexible, holistic, and inherently interdisciplinary, digital curation initiatives depend upon a lifecycle approach. Thus the administered survey culled information about respondents' educational degrees and the academic disciplines in which they were earned, their employment options, job titles, professional association memberships, professional event attendance, and professional publications read. Finally, the paper discusses results, implications, and directions for future research.

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"Private But Eventually Public: Why Copyright in Unpublished Works Matters in the Digital Age"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Privacy on April 18th, 2013

Damien McCallig has published "Private But Eventually Public: Why Copyright in Unpublished Works Matters in the Digital Age" in the latest issue of SCRIPTed.

Here's an excerpt:

Digital life is no longer only concerned with online communication between living individuals; it now encompasses post-death phenomena of inheritance, legacy, mourning and further uses of our digital remains. Scholars and practitioners seeking an appropriate legal theory to claim, control and recover the digital remains of the dead and protect post-mortem privacy interests have identified copyright as a possible surrogate.

This article explores the links between copyright and privacy in unpublished works. It charts the historical development of perpetual copyright protection in unpublished works, reviews the reasons why perpetual protection for unpublished works has been abolished and analyses some of the privacy impacts of these changes. It argues that without perpetual copyright protection and the surrogate privacy protections in unpublished works, the fear that one's digital remains will eventually be opened to societal scrutiny may lead to the fettering of personal and private communication, while alive, and may promote the deletion of one's digital remains in contemplation of death.

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"Workflow Tools for Digital Curation"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on April 18th, 2013

Andrew James Weidner and Daniel Gelaw Alemneh have published "Workflow Tools for Digital Curation" in the latest issue of the Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

Maintaining usable and sustainable digital collections requires a complex set of actions that address the many challenges at various stages of the digital object lifecycle. Digital curation activities enhance access and retrieval, maintain quality, add value, and facilitate use and re-use over time. Digital resource lifecycle management is becoming an increasingly important topic as digital curators actively explore software tools that perform metadata curation and file management tasks. Accordingly, the University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries develop tools and workflows that streamline production and quality assurance activities. This article demonstrates two open source software tools, AutoHotkey and Selenium IDE, which the UNT Digital Libraries Division has adopted for use during the pre-ingest and post-ingest stages of the digital resource lifecycle.

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