Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Safeguarding Collections at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Describing Roles & Measuring Contemporary Preservation Activities in ARL Libraries

Posted in ARL Libraries, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 14th, 2009

The Association of Research Libraries has released Safeguarding Collections at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Describing Roles & Measuring Contemporary Preservation Activities in ARL Libraries.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The report is organized into three thematic sections:

  1. Reshaping the preservation functions in research libraries—Libraries must reconceptualize preservation as a core function that extends beyond activities within a preservation department. As preservation is advanced through a range of investments and partnerships, libraries are in the midst of reshaping priorities and reallocating resources to align with new services and conceptions of collections.

  2. The networked digital environment—ARL members need to expand their activities and deepen their practices related to preserving digital content though Web archiving, deployment of digital repositories, and efforts to preserve e-journals and other born digital content (whether purchased, licensed, or digitized by the library).

  3. Library collaborative strategies—Community-level activities are crucial, both to address the challenges presented by digital formats, but also to make traditional preservation activities more effective.

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    Approaches to Managing and Collecting Born-Digital Literary Materials for Scholarly Use

    Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities on May 13th, 2009

    The Office of Digital Humanities in the National Endowment for the Humanities has released the final version of Approaches to Managing and Collecting Born-Digital Literary Materials for Scholarly Use.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    This project is about developing archival tools and best practices for preserving born-digital documents produced by contemporary authors. Traditionally, humanists have found great scholarly value in studying the papers, correspondence, and first drafts of authors, politicians, and other historical figures. In this white paper, the project director make note that contemporary figures compose almost all of their materials on a computer. What challenges will this present to humanists, archivists, and librarians in the future? This very readable paper explores many of these issues with specific case studies involving a number of leading libraries and archives.

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      DigitalPreservationEurope Releases Digital Preservation and Nuclear Disaster: An Animation on YouTube

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 5th, 2009

      DigitalPreservationEurope has released Digital Preservation and Nuclear Disaster: An Animation on YouTube.

      DigitalKoans

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        Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Draft for Review

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Standards on May 5th, 2009

        A near-final draft of the Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) has been made available for error-checking review.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This document is a technical Recommendation for use in developing a broader consensus on what is required for an archive to provide permanent, or indefinite long-term, preservation of digital information.

        This Recommendation establishes a common framework of terms and concepts which comprise an Open Archival Information System (OAIS). It allows existing and future archives to be more meaningfully compared and contrasted. It provides a basis for further standardization within an archival context and it should promote greater vendor awareness of, and support of, archival requirements.

        DigitalKoans

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          JISC Project: Lifespan Initiative for the Research and Data Archive Repository

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Digitization on May 5th, 2009

          JISC's Lifespan Initiative for the Research and Data Archive Repository project started on 4/1/09.

          Here's an excerpt from the project Web page:

          The Lifespan Collection (www.lifespancollection.org.uk) represents an existing and unique research data set, which includes around 3,400 hours of audio-taped interviews, scorings and quantitative computerised data, capturing the lifetime experience of over 500 individuals. The outcomes of this project will be presented in terms of both a report on the processes and best-practice solutions for preserving and digitalising the data, including the creation of processes of submission of, and accessibility to, current and future critical datasets that ensure compliance with data security, copyright legislation, licensing, and associated audit functions. One or more detailed case studies will be produced that will not only inform the future development of this project but will act as illustrative examples for use by other similar start-up projects. This will lay the ground work for an exemplar implementation of the tools and solutions already delivered by JISC and other institutions.

          DigitalKoans

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            Presentations from SCARP Workshop: Building and Curating Online Video Corpora

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media, Digital Repositories on April 28th, 2009

            Presentations from the SCARP Workshop: Building and Curating Online Video Corpora are now available.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            This was a meeting of researchers and stakeholders in data service provision to discuss curation issues raised in our SCARP case study on the roles and re-usability of video data in social studies of interaction. This event aimed to raise mutual awareness of research communities' practices and needs for archiving, sharing and re-using digital video data; and identify how local and national research data services may contribute to the infrastructure for video data curation.

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              Infrastructure Planning and Data Curation: A Comparative Study of International Approaches to Enabling the Sharing of Research Data

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 26th, 2009

              JISC has released Infrastructure Planning and Data Curation: A Comparative Study of International Approaches to Enabling the Sharing of Research Data.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              The current methods of storing research data are as diverse as the disciplines that generate them and are necessarily driven by the myriad ways in which researchers need to subsequently access and exploit the information they contain. Institutional repositories, data centres and all other methods of storing data have to exist within an infrastructure that enables researchers to access ad exploit the data, and variant models for this infrastructure can be conceptualised. Discussion of effective infrastructures for curating data is taking place a all levels, wherever research is reliant on the longterm stewardship of digital material. JISC has commissioned this study to survey the different national agendas that are addressing variant infrastructure models, to inform developments within the UK and for facilitating an internationally integrated approach to data curation.

              The study of data sharing initiatives in the OECD countries confirmed the traditional perception that the policy instruments are clustered more in the upper end of the stakeholder taxonomy – i.e. at the level of national and research funding organisations whereas the services and practical tools are being developed by organisations at the lower end of the taxonomy. Despite the differences that exist between countries in terms of the models used for research funding, as well as the levels at which decisions are taken, there is agreement on the expected strata of responsibility for applying the instruments of data sharing. This supports the structure of stakeholder taxonomy used in the study.

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                The Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine Rebooted

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 26th, 2009

                The Internet Archive's Wayback Machine is now running on a Sun Modular Datacenter.

                Here's an excerpt from the "Wayback Machine Comes to Life in New Home":

                The Wayback Machine is a 150 billion page web archive with a front end to serve it through the archive.org website.

                Today the new machine came to life, so if you using the service, you are using a 20' by 8' by 8' "machine" that sits in Santa Clara, courtesy of Sun Microcomputer. It serves about 500 queries per second from the approximately 4.5 Petabytes (4.5 million gigabytes) of archived web data. We think of the cluster of computers and the Modular Datacenter as a single machine because it acts like one and looks like one. If that is true, then it might be one of the largest current computers.

                Read more about Sun and the Internet Archive at "The Internet in a Box."

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                  Historians’ Work Disrupted When Paper of Record Digital Archive Vanishes after Google Purchase

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities, Google and Other Search Engines on April 22nd, 2009

                  After Google purchased the Paper of Record digital archive, it brought the site down, upsetting historians that relied on the collection of older newspapers. Although the site will be temporarily restored with Google's permission, the incident raises issues about the permanence and reliability of scholarly digital archives.

                  Read more about it at "Digital Archives That Disappear" and "'Paper of Record' Disappears, Leaving Historians in the Lurch."

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                    Talis Interview with Peter Brantley, Director of the Internet Archive

                    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries on April 19th, 2009

                    Richard Wallis has posted a digital audio interview with Peter Brantley, the Internet Archive's new Director, on Panlibus.

                    Here's an excerpt from the post:

                    In this conversation we look back over the last couple of years at the DLF [Digital Library Federation] and then forward in to his new challenge and opportunity at the Internet Archive.

                    We go on to discuss his thoughts and plans to make it easy to identify books and information and their locations in a way that is currently not possible with the processes and protocols we use today.

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                      David S. H. Rosenthal on “How Are We ‘Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents’?”

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 16th, 2009

                      David S. H. Rosenthal's CNI plenary presentation on "How Are We “Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents'?" is now available (see also "Spring CNI Plenary: The Remix").

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                        Center for Research Libraries to Assess and Certify Portico and HathiTrust

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on April 8th, 2009

                        The Center for Research Libraries will conduct detailed assessments of Portico and HathiTrust with the objective of certifying them as trustworthy digital repositories.

                        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                        Portico has agreed to cooperate with the CRL audit, with the goal of certification as a trustworthy digital repository. HathiTrust has asked CRL to assess its digital repository, which includes not only Google Books digitization content but a considerable amount of non-Google content as well.

                        Concurrently CRL is working with LOCKSS to assess the capabilities of the LOCKSS system for harvesting and archiving digitized primary source materials and related metadata. CRL is also gathering information about regional efforts to host licensed digital content locally. . . .

                        The general metrics to be used in the assessments will be the Trustworthy Repositories Audit and Certification checklist (TRAC).  CRL has formed a panel of advisors who represent the various sectors of its membership, to further inform the assessment process.  The Certification Advisory Panel will ensure that the certification process addresses the interests of the entire CRL community, and will include leaders in collection development, preservation, and information technology.

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