Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries' Data Conservancy Project Funded by $20 Million NSF Grant

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 4th, 2009

The Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries' Data Conservancy project has been funded by a $20 million NSF grant.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries have been awarded $20 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to build a data research infrastructure for the management of the ever-increasing amounts of digital information created for teaching and research. The five-year award, announced this week, was one of two for what is being called "data curation."

The project, known as the Data Conservancy, involves individuals from several institutions, with Johns Hopkins University serving as the lead and Sayeed Choudhury, Hodson Director of the Digital Research and Curation Center and associate dean of university libraries, as the principal investigator. In addition, seven Johns Hopkins faculty members are associated with the Data Conservancy, including School of Arts and Sciences professors Alexander Szalay, Bruce Marsh, and Katalin Szlavecz; School of Engineering professors Randal Burns, Charles Meneveau, and Andreas Terzis; and School of Medicine professor Jef Boeke. The Hopkins-led project is part of a larger $100 million NSF effort to ensure preservation and curation of engineering and science data.

Beginning with the life, earth, and social sciences, project members will develop a framework to more fully understand data practices currently in use and arrive at a model for curation that allows ease of access both within and across disciplines.

"Data curation is not an end but a means," said Choudhury. "Science and engineering research and education are increasingly digital and data-intensive, which means that new management structures and technologies will be critical to accommodate the diversity, size, and complexity of current and future data sets and streams. Our ultimate goal is to support new ways of inquiry and learning. The potential for the sharing and application of data across disciplines is incredible. But it’s not enough to simply discover data; you need to be able to access it and be assured it will remain available."

The Data Conservancy grant represents one of the first awards related to the Institute of Data Intensive Engineering and Science (IDIES), a collaboration between the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, the Whiting School of Engineering, and the Sheridan Libraries. . . .

In addition to the $20 million grant announced today, the Libraries received a $300,000 grant from NSF to study the feasibility of developing, operating and sustaining an open access repository of articles from NSF-sponsored research. Libraries staff will work with colleagues from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), and the University of Michigan Libraries to explore the potential for the development of a repository (or set of repositories) similar to PubMedCentral, the open-access repository that features articles from NIH-sponsored research. This grant for the feasibility study will allow Choudhury's group to evaluate how to integrate activities under the framework of the Data Conservancy and will result in a set of recommendations for NSF regarding an open access repository.

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    Indiana University Bloomington Media Preservation Survey

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on October 1st, 2009

    Indiana University Bloomington has released its Media Preservation Survey.

    Here's an excerpt:

    The survey task force recommends a number of actions to facilitate the time-critical process of rescuing IUB’s audio, video, and film media.

    • Appoint a campus-wide taskforce to advise
      • the development of priorities for preservation action
      • the development of a campus-wide preservation plan
      • how units can leverage resources for the future
    • Create a centralized media preservation and digitization center that will serve the entire campus, using international standards for preservation transfer. As part of the planning for this center, hire a
      • media preservation specialist
      • film archivist
    • Develop special funding for the massive and rapid digitization of the treasures of IU over the next 10 years.
    • Create a centralized physical storage space appropriate for film, video, and audio.
    • Provide archival appraisal and control across campus to
      • assure quality of digitization for preservation
      • oversee plans for maintaining original media
    • Develop cataloging services for special collections to improve intellectual control to
      • accelerate research opportunities
      • improve access.
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      Oya Rieger's Presentation on "Enduring Access to Special Collections: Challenges and Opportunities"

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Mass Digitizaton on September 29th, 2009

      RBMS has made Oya Rieger's presentation on "Enduring Access to Special Collections: Challenges and Opportunities" (MP3 file and PDF file) available as part of its Selected Presentations and Documents from the 2009 RBMS Preconference page.

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        "Digital Preservation: Logical and Bit-Stream Preservation Using Plato, EPrints and the Cloud"

        Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, EPrints on September 27th, 2009

        Adam Field, David Tarrant, Andreas Rauber, and Hannes Kulovits have self-archived their "Digital Preservation: Logical and Bit-Stream Preservation Using Plato, EPrints and the Cloud" presentation on the ECS EPrints Repository.

        Here's an excerpt from the abstract:

        This tutorial shows attendees the latest facilities in the EPrints open source repository platform for dealing with preservation tasks in a practical and achievable way, and new mechanisms for integrating the repository with the cloud and the user desktop, in order to be able to offer a trusted and managed storage solution to end users. . . .

        The benefit of this tutorial is the grounding of digital curation advice and theory into achievable good practice that delivers helpful services to end users for their familiar personal desktop environments and new cloud services.

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          Digital Audio: "Library of Congress: Testing the Cloud"

          Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 24th, 2009

          Federal News Radio has released "Library of Congress: Testing the Cloud," an interview with Bill LeFurgy, the Digital Initiatives Project Manager at the Library of Congress. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)

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            Digital Preservation: Life2 Final Project Report

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 20th, 2009

            JISC has released Life2 Final Project Report.

            Here's an excerpt:

            LIFE Model v2 outlines a fully-revised lifecycle model taking into account feedback from user groups, the Case Studies and the wider digital preservation community.

            Generic Preservation Model (GPM) summarises the update to the preservation model with an accompanying spreadsheet. This model allows institutions to estimate potential digital preservation costs for their collections. The GPM fits into the updated LIFE Model.

            An Economic Evaluation of LIFE was written by economist Bo-Christer Björk on the approach used for both the first and second phases of LIFE. This independent review validates the LIFE approach for lifecycle costing.

            The SHERPA DP Case Study outlines the mapping of the repository services that CeRch provides to the LIFE Model. The SHERPA-LEAP Case Study maps three very different HE repositories to the LIFE Model. Goldsmiths University of London, Royal Holloway University of London and UCL (University College London) each provide exemplars of varying collections. Each institution’s repository is at a different stage of development.

            The Newspapers Case Study successfully maps both analogue and digital newspaper collections to the LIFE Model. This success means that LIFE could be developed into a fully-compatible predictive tool across both analogue and digital collections, allowing for comparison both throughout the lifecycles of a collection and across different types of collections.

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              SHERPA DP2: Developing Services for Archiving and Preservation in a Distributed Environment—Final Report

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 17th, 2009

              JISC has released SHERPA DP2: Developing Services for Archiving and Preservation in a Distributed Environment—Final Report.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The SHERPA DP2 project (2007-2009) was a two year project funded by the JISC under the Digital Preservation and Records Management Programme. The project was led by the Centre for e- Research at King's College London (formerly the Executive of the Arts and Humanities Data Service), which is working with several institutions to develop a preservation service that will cater for the requirements of a diverse range of digital resources and web-based resources. In summary, the project has the following objectives:

              1. Extend and refine the OAIS-based Shared Services model created for the initial SHERPA DP project to accommodate the requirements of different Content Providers and varied collaborative methods.
              2. Produce a set of services that will assist with the capture and return of research data stored in distributed locations, building upon existing software tools.
              3. Expand upon the work processes and software tools developed for SHERPA DP(1) and SOAPI to cater for the curation and preservation of increasingly diverse resource types.
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                Digital Preservation: Media Vault Program Interim Report

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 15th, 2009

                The Media Vault Program has released Media Vault Program Interim Report.

                Here's an excerpt:

                All major studies and reports on the sustainability of digital resources point to a multitude of barriers that can be clustered into four factors:

                Economic: Who owns the problem, and who benefits from the solutions? Who pays for the services, long-term preservation, development, and curation? . . . .

                Technical: Simple services are needed, but they are not simple to build, implement and support in our complex environment. Successful structures that can support digital scholarship must account for user needs, emerging technologies/file formats, adverse working contexts (fieldwork, offline, multi-platform), and should be supported at the enterprise scale. . . .

                Political/Organizational: . . . . there are good reasons for the various service provider organizations to innovate on their own, but there is much to gain from working together on common goals and milestones. In fact, where communities have succeeded in softening the boundaries between content producers and consumers, supporters and beneficiaries, significant successes have been achieved. . . .

                Social: We live in interesting times . . . and the prevalence of cheap/stolen media has produced an expectation that things should be always available, conveniently packaged, and free. Where some organizations, such as the Long Now Foundation, are hoping to "provide counterpoint to today's "Faster/cheaper" mind set and promote 'slower/better' thinking," it may be up to those of us who care deeply about the persistence of research data to step up as the seas continue to change.

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                  Harvard University Library Launched Web Archive Collection Service (WAX)

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 2nd, 2009

                  The Harvard University Library has launched its Web Archive Collection Service (WAX).

                  Here's an excerpt from the press release (posted on

                  WAX began as a pilot project in July 2006, funded by the University's Library Digital Initiative (LDI) to address the management of web sites by collection managers for long-term archiving. It was the first LDI project specifically oriented toward preserving "born-digital" material. . . .

                  During the pilot, we explored the legal terrain and implemented several methods of mitigating risks. We investigated various technologies and developed work flow efficiencies for the collection managers and the technologists. We analyzed and implemented the metadata and deposit requirements for long term preservation in our repository. We continue to look at ways to ease the labor intensive nature of the QA process, to improve display as the software matures and to assess additional requirements for long term preservation. . . .

                  WAX was built using several open source tools developed by the Internet Archive and other International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC) members. These IIPC tools include the Heritrix web crawler; the Wayback index and rendering tool; and the NutchWAX index and search tool. WAX also uses Quartz open source job scheduling software from OpenSymphony.

                  In February 2009, the pilot public interface was launched and announced to the University community. WAX has now transitioned to a production system supported by the University Library's central infrastructure.

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                    English-Language Summary of A Future for Our Digital Memory: Permanent Access to Information in the Netherlands

                    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 1st, 2009

                    The Netherlands Coalition for Digital Preservation has released an English-language summary of A Future for Our Digital Memory: Permanent Access to Information in the Netherlands.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    In order to underpin its strategy, the NCDD decided to first build a detailed picture of the current situation in the public sector in the Netherlands. Can institutions or domains be identified which have successfully risen to the challenge of digital preservation and permanent access? Which categories of data are in danger of being lost? How can the risks be managed? This so-called National Digital Preservation Survey was funded by the Ministry of Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.

                    After some preliminary consultancy work it was decided that the survey would best be carried out by researchers with both knowledge of the issues involved in digital preservation and of the three sectors, which were identified as: scholarly communications, government & archives, and culture & heritage. A team of three researchers was recruited from among NCDD member staff, with the NCDD coordinator leading the project. The initial objective, to conduct a statistically relevant quantitative survey, had to be abandoned early in the project. The field to be surveyed was vast and varied, and some of the target groups were quite unfamiliar with the specifics of digital preservation, making online surveys unproductive. Therefore, the research team decided on a methodology of (some seventy) semi-structured interviews with knowledgeable stakeholders, adding relevant information from both Dutch and foreign published sources. Five interviews were held with major private sector parties to establish whether the private sector has best practices to offer for the public sector to emulate.

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                      Digital Preservation: Alpha Prototype of JHOVE2 Released

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Open Source Software on August 18th, 2009

                      An alpha prototype of JHOVE2 is now available. JHOVE2 is a tool for the characterization (i.e., identification, validation, feature extraction, and assessment) of digital objects that is used for digital library and digital preservation purposes.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      An alpha prototype version of JHOVE2 is now available for download and evaluation (v. 0.5.2, 2009-08-05). Distribution packages (in zip and tar.gz form) are available on the JHOVE2 public wiki at ( The new JHOVE2 architecture reflected in this prototype is described in the attached architectural overview (also available at . . .

                      The prototype supports the following features:

                      • Appropriate recursive processing of directories and Zip files.
                      • High performance buffered I/O using the Java nio package.
                      • Message digesting for the following algorithms: Adler-32, CRC-32,
                      • MD2, MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512
                      • Results formatted as JSON, text (name/value pairs), and XML.
                      • Use of the Spring Inversion-of-Control container for flexible module
                      • configuration.
                      • A complete UTF-8 module.
                      • An minimally functional Shapefile module.
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                        OCLC Presentations on Digital Curation and Web-scale Management Services

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, ILS on August 16th, 2009

                        Below are streaming video OCLC presentations from ALA Annual 2009 on digital curation and Web-scale Management Services.

                        • Integrating Technical Services and Preservation Workflows: "Mainstreaming Digital Resources. After an introduction from Geri Bunker Ingram of OCLC, Amy Rudersdorf (Director, Digital Information Management Program, The State Library of North Carolina) discusses integrating a whole host of systems into a digital curation workflow, including OCLC's Connexion tools, Digital Archive, WorldCat, Digital Collection Gateway and CONTENTdm."
                        • OCLC Web-scale Management Services: "Presentation by Andrew Pace, OCLC Executive Director for Networked Library Services, ALA Annual 2009. Web-scale cooperative library management services, network-level tools for managing library collections through circulation and delivery, print and licensed acquisitions, and license management. These services complement existing OCLC Web-scale services, such as cataloging, resource sharing, and integrated discovery."
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