Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Historians’ Work Disrupted When Paper of Record Digital Archive Vanishes after Google Purchase

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities, Google and Other Search Engines on April 22nd, 2009

After Google purchased the Paper of Record digital archive, it brought the site down, upsetting historians that relied on the collection of older newspapers. Although the site will be temporarily restored with Google's permission, the incident raises issues about the permanence and reliability of scholarly digital archives.

Read more about it at "Digital Archives That Disappear" and "'Paper of Record' Disappears, Leaving Historians in the Lurch."

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    Talis Interview with Peter Brantley, Director of the Internet Archive

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries on April 19th, 2009

    Richard Wallis has posted a digital audio interview with Peter Brantley, the Internet Archive's new Director, on Panlibus.

    Here's an excerpt from the post:

    In this conversation we look back over the last couple of years at the DLF [Digital Library Federation] and then forward in to his new challenge and opportunity at the Internet Archive.

    We go on to discuss his thoughts and plans to make it easy to identify books and information and their locations in a way that is currently not possible with the processes and protocols we use today.

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      David S. H. Rosenthal on “How Are We ‘Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents’?”

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 16th, 2009

      David S. H. Rosenthal's CNI plenary presentation on "How Are We “Ensuring the Longevity of Digital Documents'?" is now available (see also "Spring CNI Plenary: The Remix").

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        Center for Research Libraries to Assess and Certify Portico and HathiTrust

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on April 8th, 2009

        The Center for Research Libraries will conduct detailed assessments of Portico and HathiTrust with the objective of certifying them as trustworthy digital repositories.

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        Portico has agreed to cooperate with the CRL audit, with the goal of certification as a trustworthy digital repository. HathiTrust has asked CRL to assess its digital repository, which includes not only Google Books digitization content but a considerable amount of non-Google content as well.

        Concurrently CRL is working with LOCKSS to assess the capabilities of the LOCKSS system for harvesting and archiving digitized primary source materials and related metadata. CRL is also gathering information about regional efforts to host licensed digital content locally. . . .

        The general metrics to be used in the assessments will be the Trustworthy Repositories Audit and Certification checklist (TRAC).  CRL has formed a panel of advisors who represent the various sectors of its membership, to further inform the assessment process.  The Certification Advisory Panel will ensure that the certification process addresses the interests of the entire CRL community, and will include leaders in collection development, preservation, and information technology.

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          Draft Roadmap for Science Data Infrastructure

          Posted in Cyberinfrastructure/E-Science, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 3rd, 2009

          PARSE.Insight has released Draft Roadmap for Science Data Infrastructure.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          The draft roadmap provides an overview and initial details of a number of specific components, both technical and non-technical, which would be needed to supplement existing and already planned infrastructures for scientific data. The infra-structure components are aimed at bridging the gaps between islands of functionality, developed for particular purposes, often by other European projects. Thus the infrastructure components are intended to play a general, unifying role in scientific data. While developed in the context of a Europe-wide infrastructure, there would be great advantages for these types of infrastructure components to be available much more widely.

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            NEH Preservation and Access Research and Development Grants

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities, Grants on April 2nd, 2009

            The National Endowment for the Humanities is soliciting applications for Preservation and Access Research and Development grants, with an 7/30/09 deadline.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            Preservation and Access Research and Development grants support projects that address major challenges in preserving or providing access to humanities collections and resources. These challenges include the need to find better ways to preserve materials of critical importance to the nation's cultural heritage—from fragile artifacts and manuscripts to analog recordings and digital assets subject to technological obsolescence—and to develop advanced modes of searching, discovering, and using such materials. . . .

            NEH especially encourages applications that address the following areas:

            • Digital Preservation: how to preserve digital humanities materials, including those for which no analog counterparts exist;
            • Recorded Sound and Moving Image Collections: how to preserve and increase access to the record of the twentieth century contained in these formats; and
            • Preventive Conservation: how to protect and slow the deterioration of humanities collections through the use of sustainable preservation strategies.
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              DOAJ and e-Depot to Preserve Open Access Journals

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 2nd, 2009

              With support from the Swedish Library Association, the Directory of Open Access Journals and the e-Depot of the National Library of the Netherlands will preserve open access journals.

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              Long-term preservation of scholarly publications is of major importance for the research community. New formats of scholarly publications, new business models and new ways of dissemination are constantly being developed. To secure permanent access to scientific output for the future, focussed on the preservation of articles published in open access journals, a cooperation between Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ—www.doaj.org), developed and operated by Lund University Libraries and the e-Depot of the National Library of the Netherlands (www.kb.nl/e-Depot) has been initiated.

              The composition of the DOAJ collection (currently 4000 journals) is characterized by a very large number of publishers (2.000+), each publishing a very small number of journals on different platforms, in different formats and in more than 50 different languages. Many of these publishers are—with a number of exceptions—fragile when it comes to financial, technical and administrative sustainability.

              At present DOAJ and KB carry out a pilot project aimed at setting up a workflow for processing open access journals listed with DOAJ. In the pilot a limited number of open access journals will be subject to long term preservation. These activities will be scaled up shortly and long term archiving of the journals listed in the DOAJ at KB’s e-Depot will become an integral part of the service provided by the DOAJ.

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                DPE Briefing Paper: The Myths and Fallacies of Digital Photographs and Their Preservation

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 31st, 2009

                DigitalPreservationEurope has released The Myths and Fallacies of Digital Photographs and Their Preservation

                Here's an excerpt:

                Digital photographs offer fasciniating new possibilities and seem to be easier to store and preserve for the future than their analog counterpart, promising incredibly valuable, massive photo archives available at your fingertips. However, securely storing massive amounts of data, as well as ensuring that the file formats produced by professional cameras can be read in the near and longterm future, is a significant endeavour. This briefing paper reviews some of the core challenges in preserving digital photographs to make sure that the value of a digital photo archive remains and grows for the benefit of the photographer.

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                  Special Issue of Library Trends on Institutional Repositories

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories, Metadata on March 30th, 2009

                  The latest issue of Library Trends (57, no. 2, Fall 2008) is about institutional repositories.

                  Here are the articles (links are to article preprints):

                  • "Introduction: Institutional Repositories: Current State and Future"
                  • "Innkeeper at the Roach Motel"
                  • "Institutional Repositories in the UK: The JISC Approach"
                  • "Strategies for Institutional Repository Development: A Case Study of Three Evolving Initiatives"
                  • "Perceptions and Experiences of Staff in the Planning and Implementation of Institutional Repositories"
                  • "Institutional Repositories and Research Data Curation in a Distributed Environment"
                  • "At the Watershed: Preparing for Research Data Management and Stewardship at the University of Minnesota Libraries"
                  • "Case Study in Data Curation at Johns Hopkins University"
                  • "Describing Scholarly Works with Dublin Core: A Functional Approach"
                  • "The 'Wealth of Networks' and Institutional Repositories: MIT, DSpace, and the Future of the Scholarly Commons"
                  • "Leveraging Short-term Opportunities to Address Long-term Obligations: A Perspective on Institutional Repositories and Digital Preservation Programs"
                  • "Shedding Light on the Dark Data in the Long Tail of Science"
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                    JISC Briefing Paper: Preservation of Web Resources

                    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 29th, 2009

                    JISC has released Preservation of Web Resources.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    There are institutional benefits to preserving web resources. Considerable time and money has been invested in the creation of digital outputs and content, and in their storage and maintenance. Although there are costs associated with launching a web preservation programme, it’s also money wasted if resources aren’t preserved. Institutions have responsibilities to: students and staff, who may make serious choices about their academic careers based on website information; and researchers and scholars, who may need to use the university’s resources in the future. Ensuring that the wider community has long-term access to research materials will be broadly beneficial.

                    There is also the matter of protecting institutions. Many risks are faced by organisations that choose to ignore web preservation. An institutional record may be required for the checking of strategic, legal, financial and contractual information, or simply for the day to day continued efficient running of the organisation. But there are external threats too. These include: data loss; loss of records and loss of resources; a failure to be information compliant (through not meeting Freedom of Information requests); risks of breaching copyright; and even risk of litigation from students or the public. Consider if a legal action were brought against an institution as a result of certain information that was exposed two years ago, and has since been taken down. Could the institution provide evidence, such as an audit trail, in court?

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                      Repositories Support Project Podcasts Launched

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, EPrints, Fedora, Institutional Repositories on March 28th, 2009

                      The Repositories Support Project Podcasts has launched a podcast series.

                      Here are titles of the initial podcasts:

                      • Digital Preservation: Are Repositories Doing Enough for Preservation?
                      • DRIVER: Promoting Digital Repositories across Europe
                      • EPrints: Repository Software of the Future or of the Past?
                      • Fedora: Optimum Repository Software or Overkill?
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                        DCC Standards Watch Papers: Information Security Management: The ISO 27000 (ISO 27K) Series

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 28th, 2009

                        The Digital Curation Centre has released Information Security Management: The ISO 27000 (ISO 27K) Series.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The flexibility of digital information can be regarded as a great strength. As software and hardware develop, data can be created, accessed, edited, manipulated and shared with increasing ease, The corollary is that data is vulnerable to unauthorised access, alteration or manipulation, which without checks can easily go undetected, and undermine its authoritative nature. Successful digital curation ensures that data is managed and protected so that its authority is maintained and retained throughout the curation lifecycle. To be authoritative data needs to remain authentic, reliable and useable, while retaining its integrity. These characteristics of data can be preserved through the implementation of an effective Information Security Management Systems (ISMS). . . .

                        The ISO/IEC 27000 is a series of standards which, when used together, specify the complete implementation of an ISMS. The series is still under development, with four of the planned standards currently published. Work is progressing on the completion of the remainder of standards ISO/IEC 27000 to ISO/IEC 27010. These cover the fundamental requirements of an ISMS, are applicable to any domain, and can be applied to any organisation regardless of size, structure or aim. ISO/IEC numbers after this have been reserved for sector specific implementation guidelines, most of which are still at the planning or pre-draft stage. The appendix summarises the development of the series to date.

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