Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"Research Data: Who Will Share What, with Whom, When, and Why?"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Science on September 19th, 2010

Christine L. Borgman has self-archived "Research Data: Who Will Share What, with Whom, When, and Why?" in SelectedWorks.

Here's an excerpt:

The deluge of scientific research data has excited the general public, as well as the scientific community, with the possibilities for better understanding of scientific problems, from climate to culture. For data to be available, researchers must be willing and able to share them. The policies of governments, funding agencies, journals, and university tenure and promotion committees also influence how, when, and whether research data are shared. Data are complex objects. Their purposes and the methods by which they are produced vary widely across scientific fields, as do the criteria for sharing them. To address these challenges, it is necessary to examine the arguments for sharing data and how those arguments match the motivations and interests of the scientific community and the public. Four arguments are examined: to make the results of publicly funded data available to the public, to enable others to ask new questions of extant data, to advance the state of science, and to reproduce research. Libraries need to consider their role in the face of each of these arguments, and what expertise and systems they require for data curation.

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    "Keeping Research Data Safe Factsheet"

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 19th, 2010

    Charles Beagrie Limited has released the "Keeping Research Data Safe Factsheet."

    Here's an excerpt:

    This factsheet illustrates for institutions, researchers, and funders some of the key findings and recommendations from the JISC-funded Keeping Research Data Safe (KRDS1) and Keeping Research Data Safe 2 (KRDS2) projects.

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      Digital Preservation: PADI and Padiforum-L to Cease Operation

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on September 8th, 2010

      Established in 1997, the National Library of Australia's PADI subject gateway, which has over 3,000 resources on more than 60 topics, will be shut down at the end of this year.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      As is to be expected with any portal to Web based documents maintenance of web links becomes progressively more demanding over time. Websites are redesigned, migrated to new platforms, URL’s are changed, projects and their websites cease, so called persistent identifiers are not, and even when web documents or pages are archived in a web archive, questions arise as to which version of an archived page to link to (which date or even which archive as copies may be held in multiple web archives with different levels of completeness). The current structure of PADI requires the Library to commit around 0.5 of a fulltime staff member to locate, describe and enter links to new information sources and to maintain links to existing resources. Although originally conceived as a cooperative contribution model, increasingly the burden of adding material to PADI has fallen to the NLA as input from elsewhere has almost ceased.

      The information-seeking and information-providing mechanisms of a community also change over time. After reviewing the gateway service the Library has concluded that the existing website, database and list no longer meet the current needs and that the Library’s resources are best invested elsewhere. While there may be more efficient ways of building a service like PADI today, using Web 2.0 tools, the Library is unable to make the investment in converting the existing service.

      Reluctantly—because we still find PADI useful ourselves—we believe we cannot sustain PADI, and have decided to cease maintaining it.

      A copy of the website has been archived in PANDORA, Australia’s Web Archive. The existing live website will remain available until the end of 2010; however no new resources have been added since the start of July 2010 and the existing links will not be actively managed. The archives of the padiforum-l list will continue to be available, however no new postings will be accepted from 30 September 2010.

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        The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the United States: A National Legacy at Risk in the Digital Age

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on August 31st, 2010

        The Council on Library and Information Resources and the Library of Congress have released The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the United States: A National Legacy at Risk in the Digital Age.

        Here's an excerpt:

        The publication of The State of Recorded Sound Preservation in the United States is a landmark achievement in the history of the archival preservation of audiovisual materials. The authors, Rob Bamberger and Sam Brylawski, have produced a study outlining the web of interlocking issues that now threaten the long-term survival of our sound recording history. This study tells us that major areas of America’s recorded sound heritage have already been destroyed or remain inaccessible to the public. It suggests that the lack of conformity between federal and state laws may adversely affect the long-term survival of pre-1972-era sound recordings in particular. And, it warns that the continued lack of national coordination among interested parties in the public and private sectors, in addressing the challenges in preservation, professional education and public access, may not yet be arresting permanent loss of irreplaceable sound recordings in all genres.

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          Long-Term Preservation Services: A Description of LTP Services in a Digital Library Environment

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on August 29th, 2010

          The British Library, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, and Nasjonalbiblioteket have released Long-Term Preservation Services: A Description of LTP Services in a Digital Library Environment.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The main focus of this document is long-term preservation, but considered as an integral part of the overall digital library capability within a library and the corresponding workflows. We therefore seek information about long-term preservation within this broader context. Principles and implementation may vary greatly, and we are open to alternative approaches.

          The document starts with an overview of all the types of services involved in LTP, and shows how different institutions might draw the boundaries between the LTP and a wider digital library capability. We then take the three core functions of an LTP system (to ingest, retain, and provide access to digital content) and show how the services work together to fulfill each function. Finally, we give a detailed description of each type of service.

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            Preserving Digital Public Television: Final Report

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on July 18th, 2010

            The NDIIPP-funded Preserving Digital Public Television project has released Preserving Digital Public Television: Final Report.

            Here's an excerpt:

            The goals of the PDPTV project were to:

            • Design and build a prototype preservation repository for born-digital public television content;
            • Develop a set of standards for metadata, file and encoding formats, and production workflow practices;
            • Recommend selection criteria for long-term retention;
            • Examine issues of long-term content accessibility and methods for sustaining digital preservation of public television materials, including IP concerns.
            • Introduce the importance of digital preservation to the public broadcasting community.
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              GPO Hires Its First Preservation Librarian

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 15th, 2010

              The U.S. Government Printing Office has hired its first preservation librarian, David Walls.

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) is continuing its commitment to preserving the documents of our democracy by establishing the agency’s first preservation librarian position. GPO’s preservation librarian will be tasked with updating the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) collection management plan for the preservation of federal government documents. David Walls will serve as GPO’s first preservation librarian; he is a member of the American Library Association (ALA) and comes to the agency from Yale University where he worked as a preservation librarian for 12 years. While at Yale, Walls established practices for the digital conversion of library and special collection materials.

              Digital preservation is an ongoing initiative for GPO. In 2009, the agency launched GPO’s Federal Digital System (FDsys), a content management system, preservation repository and advanced search engine that provides the public with permanent public access to federal government information. GPO is also a member of LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe), a worldwide digital preservation alliance that collaborates with libraries and organizations on preservation initiatives.

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                Digital Preservation: PARSE.Insight Presentations and Report

                Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on July 14th, 2010

                PARSE.Insight (Permanent Access to the Records of Science in Europe) has released several presentations and reports.

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