Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

Planets Project Deposits "Digital Genome" Time Capsule in Swiss Fort Knox

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 27th, 2010

The Planets project has deposited a "Digital Genome" time capsule in the Swiss Fort Knox.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

Over the last decade the digital age has seen an explosion in the rate of data creation. Estimates from 2009 suggest that over 100 GB of data has already been created for every single individual on the planet ranging from holiday snaps to health records—that's over 1 trillion CDs worth of data, equivalent to 24 tons of books per person!

Yet research by the European Commission co-funded Planets project, co-ordinated by the British Library, highlights deep concerns regarding the preservation of these digital assets. Findings suggest that as hardware and software are superseded by more up-to-date technology, and older formats become increasingly inaccessible, the EU alone is losing over 3 billion euros worth of digital information every year.

Looking to ensure the preservation of our digital heritage, on 18 May 2010 the Planets project will deposit a time capsule containing a record of the "Digital Genome" inside Swiss Fort Knox—a high security digital storage facility hidden deep in the Swiss Alps—preserving the information and the tools to reconstruct highly valuable data long after the lifeline of supporting technology has disappeared.

Inside the Digital Time Capsule:

  • Five major at risk formats—JPEGs, JAVA source code, .Mov files, websites using HTML, and PDF documents
  • Versions of these files stored in archival standard formats—JPEG2000, PDFA, TIFF and MPEG4—to prolong lifespan for as long as possible
  • 2500 additional pieces of data—mapping the genetic code necessary to describe how to access these file formats in future
  • Translations of the required code into multiple languages to improve chances of being able to interpret in the future
  • Copies of all information stored on a complete range of storage media—from CD, DVD, USB, Blu-Ray, Floppy Disc, and Solid State Hard Drives to audio tape, microfilm and even paper print outs . . .

Since 2007 the volume of data produced globally has risen from 281 exabytes to over 700 exabytes—much of this is now considered to be at risk from the repeated discontinuation of storage formats and supporting software. Current studies suggest that common storage formats such as CDs and DVDs have an average life expectancy of less than 20 years, yet the proprietary file formats to access content often last as little as five to seven years and desktop hardware even less. Backing up this data is a start, but without the information and tools to access and read historical digital material it is clear huge gaps will open up in our digital heritage.

To meet this threat, in 2006 the European Commission established the Planets project—Preservation and Long-term Access through Networked Services—bringing together a coalition of European libraries, archives, research organisations, and technology institutions including the Austrian National Library, the University of Technology of Vienna, and the British Library to develop the software solutions to guarantee long-term access. Marking the end of the first phase of the project the deposit of the Planets "Digital Genome" in Swiss Fort Knox will help to highlight the fragility of modern data and help to protect our digital heritage from a whole range of human, environmental and technological risks.

University of Virginia Library Gets $870,000 Grant for Born-Digital Materials Preservation Study

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Grants on May 25th, 2010

The University of Virginia Library has been awarded a $870,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to study how born-digital materials can be best preserved.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

"Born-digital" materials include the works of contemporary writers and architects, as well as archives of current political figures and organizations. These materials are quickly becoming significant collections that require careful, planned stewardship to ensure their preservation and availability to scholars now and in the future, said Martha Sites, an associate University librarian and a principal investigator for the grant.

Programmers and archivists from U. Va. are working with counterparts at Stanford and Yale universities, as well as from England's University of Hull, to create a model for digital collection management that can be easily shared among research libraries and other institutions charged with preserving rare materials. . . .

The universities plan to use 13 "born-digital" collections as their test base for the project. Examples from the U.Va. Library include "papers" that are actually correspondence, drafts and other materials in digital form from former Virginia Sen. John Warner and from author and critic Alan Cheuse, who is also a book reviewer for National Public Radio, creative writing professor at George Mason University and a former U.Va. English professor. The results will make these collections accessible to researchers for the first time.

The grant also provides for four digital archivists and a programmer who will explore and test how to process, preserve and deliver different digital collections across multiple institutions. The common approaches devised to archive born-digital "papers" will not only be designed to be used by different institutions, but they will also be demonstrated and proven in practice by the four partner universities. The work will include the creation of Web-based tools and services to let librarians, archivists and eventually users themselves describe, link, preserve and deliver digital information.

Digital Information Management Podcasts/Videos from DigIn

Posted in Copyright, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Information Schools on May 20th, 2010

The University of Arizona Digital Information Management (DigIn) certificate program has released a series of podcasts and videos about information management topics.

Here's the press release:

The University of Arizona Digital Information Management (DigIn) certificate program recently hosted a series of talks by members of the program's national advisory panel. The resulting podcasts offer an in-depth discussion of critical themes we explore regularly in the DigIn courses as we help information professionals meet the challenges we face in the digital environment today.

All podcasts are available at:

http://digin.arizona.edu/presentations.html

Friday, April 23, 2010
University of Arizona Main Library

"Career Paths for Information Professionals: Looking Ahead to 2020"

A panel discussion with members of the national advisory panel for the Digital Information Management (DigIn) graduate certificate program. This discussion examines the evolving role of the information professions today, and focuses on the skills and knowledge professionals need to build effective careers in a fast-changing environment.

Moderator:
Peter Botticelli
Director, DigIn program
http://digin.arizona.edu/

Panelists:
Charles Bailey, Jr.
Publisher, Digital Scholarship
http://www.digital-scholarship.org/

Richard Pearce-Moses
Past President, Society of American Archivists
Deputy Director for Technology and Information Resources,
Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records

Christine Szuter
Professor of Practice and Director
Scholarly Publishing certificate program,
Arizona State University

Pete Watters
Technology Officer
Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records

Friday, April 23, 2010 James E. Rogers College of Law

Roberta I. Shaffer Law Librarian of Congress

"Digitization and the Future of Law Libraries"

Legal Information is increasingly born digital and presents challenges of authenticity and preservation that are critical because of the role of legal authorities in establishing the "rule of law." This presentation by Roberta I. Shaffer, the Law Librarian of Congress, will discuss unique challenges that face law makers, law practitioners, and information professionals who are the stewards of our legal legacy. Ms. Shaffer will also discuss developments at the Library of Congress that are designed to address some of the concerns.

Friday, April 23, 2010 University of Arizona Main Library

Richard Pearce-Moses
Past President, Society of American Archivists
Director of Digital Government Information,
Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records
http://rpm.lib.az.us/

"Curating the Digital Past: Lessons from the PeDALS Project"

As the volume and complexity of digital information continues to grow, archivists and librarians have begun to develop the tools needed to preserve society’s legacy of digital records. This presentation by Richard Pearce-Moses will discuss the PeDALS project, a nationally-recognized digital preservation initiative funded by the Library of Congress, National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP) as part of its Preserving State Government Information initiative. This initiative focuses on capturing, preserving, and providing access to a rich variety of state and local government digital information.

DigIn is part of the University of Arizona School of Information Resources and Library Science. Major funding for the program comes from the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), which has also provided scholarship funding.

Additional details on the program, including course descriptions, admissions requirements and application forms may be found on the program website:

digin.arizona.edu

Applicants may also contact the DigIn staff at:

digin@email.arizona.edu

Survey of Digital Preservation Practices in Canada: Final Report

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 17th, 2010

Library and Archives Canada has released Survey of Digital Preservation Practices in Canada: Final Report.

Here's an excerpt:

In 2008, Library and Archives Canada commissioned a survey on digital preservation practices in Canada in order to gain a clearer understanding of the current state. The intent was to determine existing practices and resources for digital preservation as well as to identify gaps and challenges. This report presents the results of this survey. . . .

The survey was divided into six sections: (1) Introduction, (2) Information about the repository, (3) General policies and practices, (4) Preservation practices, (5) Preservation resources, and (6) Challenges. Respondents who rated their organization's preservation capacity as very low were re-routed to an abridged version of the questionnaire.

The survey received 61 full responses from a variety of types of organizations: libraries, archives government departments/agencies, museums, research institutes, across a number of sectors: academic, governments and not-for profit. Although invitations were sent to several organizations in private industry, no responses were received from this sector.

Respondents' repository collections ranged from discrete collections of digitized monographs, images, or audio files, to data repositories, to broader scope, multiple format collections. The repository collections were also wide ranging in terms of size with the smallest collection having 70 objects and the largest collection containing over 8 million objects. 95% of respondents indicated that the content in the repositories was predominantly Canadian. That is, the content was produced in Canada or was about Canada.

Keeping Research Data Safe 2

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 17th, 2010

JISC has released Keeping Research Data Safe 2.

Here's an excerpt:

The first Keeping Research Data Safe study funded by JISC made a major contribution to understanding of long-term preservation costs for research data by developing a cost model and identifying cost variables for preserving research data in UK universities (Beagrie et al, 2008). The Keeping Research Data Safe 2 (KRDS2) project has built on this work and delivered the following:

  • A survey of cost information for digital preservation, collating and making available 13 survey responses for different cost datasets;
  • The KRDS activity model has been reviewed and its presentation and usability enhanced;
  • Cost information for four organisations (the Archaeology Data Service; National Digital Archive of Datasets; UK Data Archive; and University of Oxford) has been analysed in depth and presented in case studies;
  • A benefits framework has been produced and illustrated with two benefit case studies from the National Crystallography Service at Southampton University and the UK Data Archive at the University of Essex.

Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography, Version One

Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on May 16th, 2010

Version one of the Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography is now available from Digital Scholarship.

This bibliography presents over 360 selected English-language articles, books, and technical reports that are useful in understanding digital curation and preservation. Most sources have been published between 2000 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 2000 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet, including e-prints for published articles in disciplinary archives and institutional repositories. Note that e-prints and published articles may not be identical. (See the scope note for further details.)

The following recent Digital Scholarship publications may also be of interest:

"100 Million Hours of Audiovisual Content: Digital Preservation and Access in the PrestoPRIME Project"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on May 13th, 2010

Matthew Addis et al. have self-archived "100 Million Hours of Audiovisual Content: Digital Preservation and Access in the PrestoPRIME Project" in the ECS EPrints Repository.

Here's an excerpt:

We report the preliminary results of PrestoPRIME, an EU FP7 integrated project, including audiovisual (AV) archives, academics and industrial partners, focused on long-term digital preservation of AV media objects and on ways to increase access by integrating media archives with European on-line digital libraries, specifically Europeana. Project outcomes will result in tools and services to ensure the permanence of digital AV content in archives, libraries, museums and other collections, enabling long-term future access in dynamically changing contexts. PrestoPRIME has a special focus on digital preservation in broadcast environments, where very large files of digital video must be preserved at high quality (suitable for future re-use in an AV production environment) in affordable distributed and federated archives. The adoption of standard solutions for digital preservation processes (metadata representation, content storage, digital rights government, search and access) enables the interoperability of the proposed preservation framework and guidelines. OAIS model was chosen for the reference architecture, METS is adopted as wrapper for metadata representation, while relevant standards (e.g. W3C, ISO/IEC and others) are used for content and rights description. Project outcomes will be delivered through a European networked Competence Centre, to gather knowledge and deliver advanced digital preservation advice and services in conjunction with Europeana and other initiatives.

The Digital Divide: Assessing Organizations' Preparations for Digital Preservation

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 13th, 2010

Plants has released The Digital Divide: Assessing Organizations' Preparations for Digital Preservation.

Here's an excerpt:

  • The volume of digital content that organizations expect to archive will increase 25-fold over the next ten years.
  • While seventy per cent of organizations hold less than 20 terabytes (TB) of data now, by 2019 seventy per cent of organizations expect to hold over 100TB.
  • Digital information comes in a range of types, and while over 80% of organizations already need to preserve documents and images, by 2019 over 70% will need to preserve databases, websites, audio and video files as well.
  • Only 27% of organizations think that they have complete control over the file formats that they will accept and store in their digital archives. Since the choice of format affects how easy it is to preserve digital content, producers need to be more involved in digital preservation.
  • The digital preservation message has spread far and wide: 93% of respondents indicated that their organisation is aware of the challenges of managing digital information for the long-term.
  • Organizations are taking account of digital preservation: 76% include it in their operational planning, 71% in their business continuity planning and 62% in their financial planning.
  • By setting out a digital preservation policy, 48% of organizations are actively planning how to tackle digital preservation.
  • Organizations are only starting to commit to funding digital preservation, as just 47% have allocated a budget to it.

Read more about it at Survey Analysis Report.

Digital Curation and Preservation Policies in Scottish HEIs: Survey Results

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 10th, 2010

The Digital Curation Centre has released Digital Curation and Preservation Policies in Scottish HEIs: Survey Results.

Here's an excerpt:

The survey showed that repositories are still relatively young, and that preservation is not yet the highest priority for them. The situation with preservation policies also reflects the early stage of repository development, where the need to apply explicit curation policies is only beginning to be acknowledged.

The survey did not identify any institution level preservation policies, but given the heterogeneity of digital information across any higher education institution, it is not surprising that institution-wide preservation policies have yet to be formulated. Repository level policies were found to be in place at four institutions that also reported to be offering preservation services.

The survey reported a very low level of awareness of both existing preservation policies and digital preservation issues in general, especially amongst administrative and research staff. Enforcing preservation policies and making them effective are challenges that all HEIs face; at the same time, this formative period could be considered an opportunity for the ERIS project to develop supporting tools and guidance, especially since the prospect of additional guidance and the possibility of centralised services for preservation were welcomed by the respondents.

Planets Releases 7 Digital Preservation Training Videos and Related Materials

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 9th, 2010

Planets (Preservation and Long-term Access through NETworked Services) has released seven training videos, an annotated reading list, and a set of technical summaries about digital preservation.

Here's a list of the digital videos:

  • Introduction to Digital Preservation: Why Preserve? How to Preserve?
  • The Preservation Action Cycle: Introduction to Planets
  • How to Preserve?
  • Tools: How to Understand Files
  • Testbed: A Controlled Environment for Experimentation and Evaluation in Digital Preservation
  • Digital Preservation: How to Plan: Preservation Planning with Plato
  • Tools: How to Integrate the Components of Digital Preservation

Review of the State of the Art of the Digital Curation of Research Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 6th, 2010

Alex Ball has deposited Review of the State of the Art of the Digital Curation of Research Data in Opus.

Here's an excerpt :

The aim of this report is to present the state of the art of the digital curation of research data, in terms of both theoretical understanding and practical application, and note points of particular interest to the ERIM Project. The report begins by reviewing the concepts of data curation and digital curation, and then exploring the terminologies currently in use for describing digital repositories and data lifecycles. Some parallels are also drawn between digital curation practice and design and engineering practice. Existing guidance on data curation from research funders, established data centres and the Digital Curation Centre is summarized in section 3. A review of some important standards and tools that have been developed to assist in research data management and digital repository management is presented in section 4. Finally, a short case study of implementing a new data management plan is presented in section 5, followed by some conclusions and recommendations in section 6.

Ensuring That 'E' Doesn't Mean Ephemeral: A Practical Guide to E-Journal Archiving Solutions

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, E-Journals, Scholarly Journals on May 5th, 2010

JISC has released Ensuring That 'E' Doesn't Mean Ephemeral: A Practical Guide to E-Journal Archiving Solutions, which discusses CLOCKSS, Portico, and the UK LOCKSS Alliance.

Here's an excerpt:

This booklet provides a starting point for institutions interested in investigating e-archiving options. It gives a practical guide to the solutions offered by three of the main long-term preservation schemes and provides an overview of the distinguishing features of each solution.


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