Archive for the 'Digitization' Category

Survey Report on Digitisation in European Cultural Heritage Institutions 2012

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization, Reports and White Papers on July 2nd, 2012

The ENUMERATE project has released Survey Report on Digitisation in European Cultural Heritage Institutions 2012.

Here's an excerpt:

The ENUMERATE Survey Report on Digitisation in Cultural Heritage Institutions 2012 represents the first major study into the current state of digitisation in Europe. It is the result of a survey carried out by the ENUMERATE Thematic Network, with the help of national coordinators, in 29 European countries. About 2000 institutions answered the open call to participate between January and March 2012.

| Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications | Digital Scholarship |

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    "How Fair Use Can Help Solve the Orphan Works Problem"

    Posted in Copyright, Digitization on June 26th, 2012

    Jennifer M. Urban has self-archived "How Fair Use Can Help Solve the Orphan Works Problem" in SSRN.

    Here's an excerpt:

    This Article argues that legislation is not necessary to enable some uses of orphan works by nonprofit libraries and archives. Instead, the fair use doctrine in United States copyright law provides a partial solution. The Article addresses three basic questions: first, does fair use provide a viable basis on which libraries might digitize orphans? Second, does fair use provide a viable basis on which to make these orphans available to patrons or the public? Third, more generally, can or should fair use do any additional work in infringement analysis where the copyrighted work in question is an orphan?

    | Google Books Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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      "Copyright Risk Management: Principles and Strategies for Large-Scale Digitization Projects in Special Collections"

      Posted in Copyright, Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on June 21st, 2012

      The Association of Research Libraries has released a pre-publication version of "Copyright Risk Management: Principles and Strategies for Large-Scale Digitization Projects in Special Collections."

      Here's an excerpt:

      Copyright law often seems unmanageably complex, leading librarians to focus too much on a single aspect of a project and, when that aspect proves inapplicable, to give up the proposed digitization. But the multifaceted nature of the law, especially its variety of limitations and exceptions, should really be seen as an invitation to a holistic evaluation that focuses on risk and considers how each facet can contribute to a risk reduction strategy. If this is done consistently as digitization projects are undertaken, the risk of infringement litigation will usually be seen to be much more manageable, and a great deal of unnecessary self-censorship will be avoided.

      See also the pre-publication version of "Digitization of Special Collections and Archives: Legal and Contractual Issues."

      | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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        NEH Humanities Collections and Reference Resources Grants

        Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities, Digitization, Grants on April 16th, 2012

        The National Endowment for the Humanities is accepting grant proposals for its Humanities Collections and Reference Resources program.

        Here's an excerpt from the program guidelines:

        Applications may be submitted for projects that address one or more of the following activities:

        • arranging and describing archival and manuscript collections;
        • cataloging collections of printed works, photographs, recorded sound, moving images, art, and material culture;
        • providing conservation treatment (including deacidification) for collections, leading to enhanced access;
        • digitizing collections;
        • preserving and improving access to born-digital sources;
        • developing databases, virtual collections, or other electronic resources to codify information on a subject or to provide integrated access to selected humanities materials; . . . .
        • developing tools for spatial analysis and representation of humanities data, such as atlases and geographic information systems (GIS); and
        • designing digital tools to facilitate use of humanities resources.

        | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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          "’As We May Digitize’—Institutions and Documents Reconfigured"

          Posted in Digital Libraries, Digitization, Libraries, Mass Digitizaton, Museums on April 12th, 2012

          Mats Dahlström, Joacim Hansson, and Ulrika Kjellman have published "'As We May Digitize'—Institutions and Documents Reconfigured" in the latest issue of LIBER Quarterly: The Journal of European Research Libraries.

          Here's an excerpt:

          This article frames digitization as a knowledge organization practice in libraries and museums. The primarily discriminatory practices of museums are compared with the non-discriminatory practices of libraries when managing their respective cultural heritage collections. . . . Two poles along a digitization strategy scale, mass digitization and critical digitization, are distinguished in the article. As memory institutions are redefined in their development of digitized document collections, e.g., by increasingly emphasizing a common trans-national rather than national cultural heritage, mass digitization and critical digitization represent alternative avenues. . . . The article re-contextualizes current digitization discourse: a) historically, by suggesting that digitization brings ancient practices back to life rather than invents entirely new ones from scratch; b) conceptually, by presenting a new label (critical digitization) for a digitization strategy that has hitherto been downplayed in digitization discourse; and c) theoretically, by exploring the relations between the values of different digitization strategies, the reconfiguration of collections as they are digitized, and the redefinition of MLA institutions through those processes.

          | Digital Scholarship's Digital/Print Books | Digital Scholarship |

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            "Building the Ecology of Libraries—An Interview with Brewster Kahle"

            Posted in Digital Libraries, Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on March 25th, 2012

            The Open Knowlege Foundation Blog has published "Building the Ecology of Libraries—An Interview with Brewster Kahle."

            Here's an excerpt:

            What are the challenges faced by the Internet Archive regarding the digitization of books?

            There are two big problems: there is going and building a digital collection, either by digitizing materials or buying electronic books. And the other is: how do you make this available, especially the in-copyright works? For digitizing books, it costs about 10 cents a page to do a beautiful rendition of a book. So, for approximately 30 dollars a book for 300 pages you can do a gorgeous job. Google does it much more quickly and it costs only about 5 dollars for each book. So it really is much less expensive in less quality, but they are able to do things at scale. We digitize about 1000 books every day in 23 scanning centers in six countries. We will set up scanning centers anywhere, or, if there are people that would like to staff the scanners themselves, we provide the scanners and all of the backend processing for free, until we run out of scanners and we've got a bunch of them. So we're looking either for people that want to scan their own collections by providing there own labour or they can employ us to do it and all told it is 10 cent a page to complete.

            | Digital Scholarship's Digital Bibliographies | Digital Scholarship |

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              Guidelines for a Long-Term Preservation Strategy for Digital Reproductions and Metadata

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization, Metadata on March 18th, 2012

              The Digitising Contemporary Art project has released Guidelines for a Long-Term Preservation Strategy for Digital Reproductions and Metadata.

              Here's an excerpt:

              These Guidelines for a long-term preservation strategy for digital reproductions and metadata explains how to preserve digital materials such as text, images and video. It gives a theoretical introduction to the subject as well as practical examples of how to manage a collection of digitised and born-digital artworks. . . .

              These Guidelines are intended to be used by participants of the DCA project, but can also be used by other institutions in the process of digitising their collections. The different elements of digital preservation are explained in a basic and accessible way that is not too technical. Together with some examples from real life situations and recommendations for practical tools, this approach should give the basics needed for collection managers to create a suitable preservation policy and plan. It is important to keep in mind that digital preservation is a continuous process that has to be regularly re-evaluated by the collecting institution.

              | Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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                "Putting 600,000 Books Online: the Large-Scale Digitisation Partnership between the Austrian National Library and Google"

                Posted in Digitization, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton on February 9th, 2012

                Max Kaiser has published "Putting 600,000 Books Online: the Large-Scale Digitisation Partnership between the Austrian National Library and Google" in the latest issue of LIBER Quarterly.

                Here's an excerpt:

                In a public-private partnership with Google, the Austrian National Library is digitising its historical book holdings. Some 600,000 volumes from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries will be digitised and made available free of charge. The project demonstrates that public-private partnerships can be successful in enabling our heritage institutions to provide large-scale access to their holdings, provided that such partnerships are not exclusive and free access is ensured. The article outlines the preparatory phase and work flows established in the project.

                | Google Books Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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