Archive for the 'Disciplinary Archives' Category

Open Access in Biomedical Research

Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Open Access on October 22nd, 2012

The European Science Foundation has released Open Access in Biomedical Research.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The ESF-EMRC Science Policy Briefing entitled 'Open Access in Biomedical Research' was instigated to examine whether there are new opportunities for open access in biomedical research within Europe that will benefit European biomedical researchers and European society as a whole. The report provides three key recommendations for the adoption of open access policy:

  1. There is a moral imperative for open access
    Research papers should be made freely available to all to read, use and re-use, with appropriate acknowledgement, in order to maximise the value of biomedical research, build on the body of knowledge, accelerate the process of discovery and improve human health.
  2. Individual agencies must work together to raise awareness of the moral imperative for open access
    Agencies and organisations that fund and perform research, libraries, publishers and researchers must work collectively to raise awareness of the moral imperative for open access publishing. Enhanced efforts towards national, European and international partnerships are the basis for the successful achievement of open access to research outputs.
  3. All research stakeholders should work together in order to support the extension of Europe PubMed Central into a Europe-wide PubMed Central
    In order to facilitate discoveries and innovation in biomedical research, research stakeholders should collaborate to establish a Europe-wide repository in biomedicine as a partner site to the US equivalent PubMed Central. The recently rebranded Europe PubMed Central represents a valuable means to achieving this goal, provided that the diversity of European partner mandates and policies can be integrated.

| Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals: This is an excellent resource for its extensive background documentation of the open access arguments and issues. — Ann Jensen, Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, no. 43 (2005) | Digital Scholarship |

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    Simons Foundation Gives arXiv Multi-Year Operating Grant

    Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Grants, Open Access on August 28th, 2012

    The Simons Foundation has given arXiv a multi-year matching operating grant from 2013 through 2017.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

    Thanks to an operating grant from the Simons Foundation, Cornell University Library has helped arXiv take a major step toward sustainability. Beginning in January and running through 2017, the Simons Foundation will provide up to $300,000 per year as a matching gift for the funds generated through arXiv's membership fees. The grant also provides $50,000 per year as an "unconditional gift" that recognizes the Library's stewardship of arXiv. . ..

    The Library has been steering arXiv toward sustainability since January 2010, when it launched an initiative to create a business model that would engage libraries and research laboratories that benefit most from arXiv's service. A 2011 planning grant from Simons Foundation helped arXiv's leaders develop operating principles and establish a governing board for the new model.

    Annual membership fees, paid by voluntary contribution from these institutions, help cover arXiv's costs—and, now, will provide a sum for the Simons Foundation to match.

    The newly established model has garnered partners all over the globe. To date, more than 120 member institutions in over a dozen countries have pledged their support, totaling $285,000. Among the 100 institutions that use arXiv most heavily, nearly three-quarters committed to five-year pledges.

    | Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals | Digital Scholarship |

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      Open Access Status of Journal Articles from ERC-Funded Projects

      Posted in Disciplinary Archives, Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on July 17th, 2012

      The European Research Council has released Open Access Status of Journal Articles from ERC-Funded Projects.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The main objective of this analysis is to estimate the extent to which journal articles from ERC funded projects are available in an open access. . . .

      The results show that 62 % of journal articles from ERC funded projects are available in open access. The share of articles in open access varies across research domains. It is close to 70 % in Life Sciences, 65 % in Physical Sciences and Engineering and nearer 50 % in Social Sciences and Humanities. A comparison with the data on open access status provided by the grant holders in their mid-term reports shows that self-reporting leads to an underestimation of the proportion of open access articles.

      | Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals | Digital Scholarship |

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        "Digital Repositories Ten Years On: What Do Scientific Researchers Think of Them and How Do They Use Them?"

        Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Institutional Repositories, Self-Archiving on June 27th, 2012

        David Nicholas has self-archived "Digital Repositories Ten Years On: What Do Scientific Researchers Think of Them and How Do They Use Them?" at the CIBER Research Ltd.'s website

        Here's an excerpt:

        Digital repositories have been with us for more than a decade, and despite the considerable media and conference attention they engender, we know very little about their use by academics. This paper sets out to address this by reporting on how well they are used, what they are used for, what researchers' think of them, and where they thought they were going. Nearly 1,700 scientific researchers, mostly physical scientists, responded to an international survey of digital repositories, making it the largest survey of its kind. High deposit rates were found and mandates appear to be working, especially with younger researchers. Repositories have made significant inroads in terms of impact and use despite, in the case of institutional repositories, the very limited resources deployed. Subject repositories, like arXiv and PubMed Central, have certainly come of age but institutional repositories probably have not come of age yet although there are drivers in place which, in theory anyway, are moving them towards early adulthood.

        | Digital Scholarship |

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          Lasting Impact: Sustainability of Disciplinary Repositories

          Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Institutional Repositories, OCLC, Reports and White Papers on May 13th, 2012

          OCLC Research has released Lasting Impact: Sustainability of Disciplinary Repositories.

          Here's an excerpt from the press release:

          This report offers a quick environmental scan of the repository landscape and then focuses on disciplinary repositories—those subject-based, often researcher-initiated loci for research information.

          Written by Senior Program Officer Ricky Erway, Lasting Impact: Sustainability of Disciplinary Repositories is intended to help librarians support researchers in accessing and disseminating research information. The report includes profiles of seven repositories with a focus on their varied business models. It concludes with a discussion of sustainability, including funding models, factors that contribute to a repository's success, and ways to bring in additional revenue.

          | Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

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            Cornell University Library Gets Grant to Plan arXiv Governance Model

            Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Grants, Open Access on October 26th, 2011

            The Cornell University Library has received a grant from the Simons Foundation to plan a governance model for arXiv.

            Here's an excerpt from the press release:

            The Simons Foundation, which is based in New York City, has provided a $60,000 planning grant to support the development of a governance model that will guide the online repository's transition from interim to long-term governance. . . .

            arXiv—a free scientific repository of research in physics, mathematics, statistics, computer science and related disciplines—allows scientists to share their research before publication. The repository now boasts 700,000 "preprint" articles, a million downloads a week and hundreds of thousands of contributors.

            The work proposed in the planning grant has already begun, and it will continue through April 2012. The grant supports multiple goals:

            • Developing a set of arXiv operating principles and seeking input from key stakeholders;
            • Refining the institutional fee model and revenue projection;
            • Delineating a governance model and bylaws that clearly define roles and responsibilities for the Library and its partners; and
            • Establishing an initial governing board that reflects the financial contribution levels of major stakeholders and the scientific community.

            | New: Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

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              "ArXiv at 20"

              Posted in Disciplinary Archives, EPrints, Open Access on August 15th, 2011

              ArXiv founder Paul Ginsparg discusses the pioneering twenty-year-old disciplinary archive in "ArXiv at 20."

              Here's an excerpt:

              On arXiv, we have seen some of the unintended effects of an entire global research community ingesting the same information from the same interface on a daily basis. The order in which new preprint submissions are displayed in the daily alert, if only for a single day, strongly affects the readership on that day and leaves a measurable trace in the citation record fully six years later.

              | Digital Scholarship |

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                Subject Repositories: "arXiv Business Planning Update"

                Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives on May 1st, 2011

                The Cornell University Library has released "arXiv Business Planning Update."

                Here's an excerpt:

                It has been 15 months since we announced the collaborative arXiv business model. As we reported in our previous update, for 2010 we were pleased to receive support from 123 institutions, totaling to $360,000 in contributions and representing 11 countries. We are encouraged with the contributions for 2011 as we already have support from 101 institutions, totaling to $275,000 in pledges from 8 countries.

                We are grateful for the coordinated international support from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) Collections in the UK, SPARC-Japan, German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), Helmholtz-Alliance Physics (Germany), and Denmark's Electronic Research Library (DEFF). We are currently contacting additional international library consortia for their possible leadership in coordinating support within some other countries. . . .

                As part of our sustainability planning, we took a critical look at arXiv's technology infrastructure and prepared a high-level plan, which includes a major change to the discovery and access component of the platform. After having the proposal reviewed by four external colleagues with expertise in repository architectures, we decided to implement Invenio as the basis of a new display and access system. The move to Invenio will facilitate improved collaboration with our partners at NASA ADS and INSPIRE, and reduce the maintenance burden of in-house code. We anticipate the transition, which will include a number of user interface enhancements, to be completed by mid-2012. . . .

                In collaboration with the NSF Data Conservancy project we have launched a pilot data upload interface for data associated with arXiv articles. Submission is unified through small extensions to arXiv's submission interface. While the article is announced and stored on arXiv, data is automatically deposited in the Data Conservancy repository and linked from the article (see http://arxiv.org/help/data_conservancy for more information). This is a pilot project, which will be re-evaluated in collaboration with the Data Conservancy by the end of this year.

                | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography |

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