Archive for the 'Digital Humanities' Category

NEH Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants Awards Announced

Posted in Digital Humanities, Grants on March 31st, 2010

The NEH Office of Digital Humanities has announced recent awards from its Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants program.

The awards are:

  • City of Philadelphia, Department of Records—Philadelphia, PA: Historic Overlays on Smart Phones
  • Early Manuscripts Electronic Library—Rolling Hills Estates, CA: The Nyangwe Diary of David Livingstone: Restoring the Text
  • George Mason University—Fairfax, VA: Crowdsourcing Documentary Transcription: an Open Source Tool
  • Georgia Tech Research Corporation—Atlanta, GA: Gesture, Rhetoric, and Digital Storytelling
  • Pennsylvania State University, Main Campus—University Park, PA: Learning as Playing: An Animated, Interactive Archive of 17th-19th Century Narrative Media For and By Children
  • Sweet Briar College—Sweet Briar, VA: African-American Families Database: Community Formation in Albemarle County, Virginia, 1850-1880
  • University of Arizona—Tucson, AZ: Poetry Audio/Video Library Phase 2
  • University of California, Berkeley—Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Prosopography Services: Building Research Communities and Restoring Ancient Communities through Digital Tools
  • University of California, Los Angeles—Los Angeles, CA: Software Interface for Real-time Exploration of Three-Dimensional Computer Models of Historic Urban Environments
  • University of California, San Diego—La Jolla, CA: Interactive Visualization of Media Collections for Humanities Research
  • University of Chicago—Chicago, IL: Dictionnaire Vivant de la Langue Francaise (DVLF): Expanding the French Dictionary
  • University of Georgia Research Foundation, Inc.—Athens, GA: Telecollaborative Webcasting:Strengthening Acquisition of Humanities Content Knowledge through Foreign Language Education
  • University of Nebraska, Board of Regents—Lincoln, NE: Sustaining Digital History
  • University of New Mexico—Albuquerque, NM: Digital Documentation and Reconstruction of an Ancient Maya Temple and Prototype of Internet GIS Database of Maya Architecture
  • University of Virginia—Charlottesville, VA: ARTeFACT Movement Thesaurus
  • University of Virginia—Charlottesville, VA: New Digital Tools for Restoring Polychromy to 3D Digital Models of Sculpture
  • University of Virginia—Charlottesville, VA: Supercomputing for Digitized 3D Models of Cultural Heritage
  • Washington State University—Pullman, WA: Mukurtu: An Indigenous Archive and Publishing Tool

Overview of Open Access Models for eBooks in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Posted in Digital Humanities, E-Books, Open Access, Scholarly Books on March 28th, 2010

Open Access Publishing in European Networks has released Overview of Open Access Models for eBooks in the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

A new survey of Open Access book publishing confirms a wide variety of approaches, as well as a continuing search for the optimal publishing and business models. While Open Access is still in an experimental phase of trying out new models, and tracking the readers’ online and offline preferences to gauge the best way forward, some trends and patterns have started to emerge.

This recently conducted survey of a wide international range of publishing initiatives compares the publishing- and business models they employ, while examining their reasons for engaging in Open Access. The report cites findings from case studies including major academic presses (such as Yale University Press, the MIT Press, the University of California Press), commercial publishers (Bloomsbury Academic), library-press partnerships (the University of Michigan Press), academic led-presses (Open Humanities Press), commercial-academic press ventures, as well as other partnerships, which all offer Open Access to anything from a single title to the entire retro-digitized backlist.

While it is too early to confirm with any certainty which models are the most viable in the long term, it is clear that sustainable long-term business models require a measure of external funding, while cutting costs and creating efficiencies through the use of shared resources, digitized production process and a new range of revenue sources.

Shakespeare Quartos Archive Launched

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Humanities on November 17th, 2009

The Folger Shakespeare Library has announced the launch of the Shakespeare Quartos Archive.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

For the first time, digitized copies of rare early editions of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet have been compiled into a single online collection. The Shakespeare Quartos Archive (www.quartos.org) makes digitized versions of the play drawn from libraries in the US and the UK freely available to researchers worldwide.

"The Shakespeare Quartos Archive presents new and innovative opportunities that were simply not possible before for scholars, teachers, and students to explore Hamlet," said Folger Director Gail Kern Paster.

"We are confident that the Shakespeare Quartos Archive will become an indispensable online resource for the worldwide community of scholars, teachers, and students with an interest in Shakespeare, enabling them to access and compare these important texts," said Richard Ovenden, Associate Director of the Bodleian Library.

In the absence of surviving manuscripts, the quartos—Shakespeare's earliest printed editions—offer the closest known evidence to what Shakespeare might actually have written, and what appeared on the early modern English stage. Print copies of the Hamlet quartos are of immense interest to scholars, editors, educators, and theater directors, yet due to their rarity and fragility, are not readily available for study. The Shakespeare Quartos Archive offers freely-accessible, high-resolution digital editions of quarto editions of Hamlet, enabling users to compare texts side-by-side, search full-text transcriptions of each quarto, and annotate and tag passages for future reference. Users can also create personal collections of page images and annotations and share these collections with other researchers. . . .

The Shakespeare Quartos Archive contains texts drawn from holdings at the British Library, the Bodleian Library, the University of Edinburgh Library, the Huntington Library, and the National Library of Scotland, in addition to the Folger. These six institutions worked in conjunction with the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities at the University of Maryland and the Shakespeare Institute at Birmingham University to digitize and transcribe 32 copies of Hamlet. The British Library's companion project, "Shakespeare in Quarto," is the first online collection to provide access to at least one copy of every pre-1642 Shakespeare play that was printed in a quarto edition and can be accessed at www.bl.uk.

The Shakespeare Quartos Archive was one of the first projects awarded funding through JISC/NEH Transatlantic Digitization Collaboration Grants in 2008. The grants support the innovative use of digitization technology to advance the humanities and are administered through joint collaboration between the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) in the United States and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) in the United Kingdom.

"The Humanities and the NEH"

Posted in Digital Humanities, Open Access on September 2nd, 2009

In "The Humanities and the NEH," Scott Jaschik summarizes a podcast interview with James A. Leach, the National Endowment for the Humanities chairman.

Here's an excerpt:

Among other topics he discussed: . . . .

  • In discussions of digitization of scholarship and the push to require free online access to such work that receives federal support, Leach said he understands the importance of copyright, but that he leans "toward open access" and wants "maximum availability" of scholarship.

NEH Office of Digital Humanities Announces Grant Awards

Posted in Digital Humanities, Grants on August 20th, 2009

The NEH Office of Digital Humanities has announced 21 new awards from its Digital Humanities Start-Up Grants program.

Fellowships at Digital Humanities Centers

Posted in Digital Humanities on July 30th, 2009

The NEH Office of Digital Humanities has announced the availability of fellowships at Digital Humanities Centers.

See the application guidelines for details.

CLIR Gets Mellon Foundation Grant to Explore Use of Intelligence Community Tools in Digital Humanities

Posted in Digital Humanities on June 23rd, 2009

The Council on Library and Information Resources has been awarded a $28,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to explore the potential use of declassified intelligence community tools in digital humanities research.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The confluence of digital conversion activities and technological advances allows researchers in the humanities to examine questions that require scale and computational power. Intelligence-gathering agencies are a potentially excellent source for tools, resources, and methodologies that have direct bearing on and applicability to contemporary digital humanities research because of the similarity in the methodological challenges, namely, dealing with diverse source material at a scale that exceeds the capacity of humans.

Blogs, wikis, email, radio and television broadcasts, conference proceedings, folksonomies, and Web sites are just a few of the publicly accessible resources of potential interest to scholars. The analytical tools applied to these sources enable searching for patterns (linguistic and imagistic) against very large data sets, data mining, and semantic analysis, among other functions; in some instances they have already been used in the business community to navigate heterogeneous information.

The grant will support a literature search and evaluation of tool findability, a meeting to discuss how scholars might use such tools and how access to the tools could advance humanities scholarship, and publication of results.

"This award, and the research focus it will support, represents a new, vibrant, and potentially significant area of interest for CLIR, and one that may over time greatly benefit our constituency," said CLIR President Chuck Henry.

A Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0

Posted in Digital Humanities on June 7th, 2009

The UCLA Mellon Seminar in Digital Humanities has released A Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0 (Thanks to HASTAC.).

Here's an excerpt:

Digital Humanities is not a unified field but an array of convergent practices that explore a universe in which: a) print is no longer the exclusive or the normative medium in which knowledge is produced and/or disseminated; instead, print finds itself absorbed into new, multimedia configurations; and b) digital tools, techniques, and media have altered the production and dissemination of knowledge in the arts, human and social sciences. The Digital Humanities seeks to play an inaugural role with respect to a world in which, no longer the sole producers, stewards, and disseminators of knowledge or culture, universities are called upon to shape natively digital models of scholarly discourse for the newly emergent public spheres of the present era (the www, the blogosphere, digital libraries, etc.), to model excellence and innovation in these domains, and to facilitate the formation of networks of knowledge production, exchange, and dissemination that are, at once, global and local.

“No-Fee OA Journals in the Humanities, Three Case Studies: A Presentation by Open Humanities Press”

Posted in Digital Humanities, Open Access, Scholarly Journals on May 17th, 2009

S. A. Jottkandt has self-archived "No-Fee OA Journals in the Humanities, Three Case Studies: A Presentation by Open Humanities Press" in E-LIS.

Here's the abstract:

Open Humanities Press (OHP) is the first open access publisher devoted to contemporary critical theory. OHP was created as a grassroots movement of academics, librarians, journal editors and technology specialists to address the growing inequality of readers' access to critical materials necessary for our research. In this presentation, I offer case studies of journals edited by the founders of the new OA academic journal consortium, Open Humanities Press, as a starting point for a discussion of how professional open access publishing may be achieved without author-side fees (a "business model" that for both practical and cultural reasons is inappropriate in the context of humanities publishing). While reputable open access publishing in the humanities confronts significant challenges, the problem of how to finance it—the problem that is frequently raised as the Gold path's chief obstacle in the sciences—appears far and away the least pressing.

Approaches to Managing and Collecting Born-Digital Literary Materials for Scholarly Use

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities on May 13th, 2009

The Office of Digital Humanities in the National Endowment for the Humanities has released the final version of Approaches to Managing and Collecting Born-Digital Literary Materials for Scholarly Use.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This project is about developing archival tools and best practices for preserving born-digital documents produced by contemporary authors. Traditionally, humanists have found great scholarly value in studying the papers, correspondence, and first drafts of authors, politicians, and other historical figures. In this white paper, the project director make note that contemporary figures compose almost all of their materials on a computer. What challenges will this present to humanists, archivists, and librarians in the future? This very readable paper explores many of these issues with specific case studies involving a number of leading libraries and archives.

Controlling Access to and Use of Online Cultural Collections: A Survey of U.S. Archives, Libraries and Museums for IMLS

Posted in Copyright, Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Humanities, Digital Rights Management, Licenses, Museums on April 30th, 2009

Kristin Eschenfelder has self-archived a draft of Controlling Access to and Use of Online Cultural Collections: A Survey of U.S. Archives, Libraries and Museums for IMLS in dLIST.

Here's an excerpt:

This report describes the results of an Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) funded study to investigate the use of technological or policy tools to control patron access to or use of digital collections of cultural materials created by U.S. archives, libraries and museums. The technological and policy tools serve primarily to control copying or other reuses of digital materials. The study had the following goals: 1. Assess what technical and policy tools cultural institutions are employing to control access to and use of online digital collections. 2. Investigate motivations for controlling access to or use of collections (e.g., copyright, privacy, protecting traditional restrictions, income generation etc.). 3. Investigate discouragers to the implementation of access and use control systems (e.g., preference for open collections, lack of resources, institutional mission, etc.). 4. Gauge interest in implementing technical systems to control access to and use of collections. 5. Determine what types of assistance IMLS could provide. 6. Identify institutions with innovative controlled online collections for follow up case studies on policy, technical and managerial details.

Historians’ Work Disrupted When Paper of Record Digital Archive Vanishes after Google Purchase

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Humanities, Google and Other Search Engines on April 22nd, 2009

After Google purchased the Paper of Record digital archive, it brought the site down, upsetting historians that relied on the collection of older newspapers. Although the site will be temporarily restored with Google's permission, the incident raises issues about the permanence and reliability of scholarly digital archives.

Read more about it at "Digital Archives That Disappear" and "'Paper of Record' Disappears, Leaving Historians in the Lurch."


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