Archive for the 'Libraries' Category

"NYPL Shows Academic Libraries What ‘Public Domain’ Means"

Posted in Copyright, Libraries, Public Domain, Research Libraries on January 19th, 2016

Rick Anderson has published "NYPL Shows Academic Libraries What ‘Public Domain’ Means" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

Here's an excerpt:

In far too many libraries, public-domain documents and images are treated as if they were under copyright—and, even worse, in many cases the policies in question are written as if the holding libraries were themselves the copyright holders. Sometimes this is because the librarians who control access to those images genuinely don't understand copyright law: they believe that simply digitizing an image results in a copyrightable document (it doesn't), or that owning the physical item gives one legal say over how its intellectual content can be used (also untrue). The result is that in many academic libraries, intellectual content that the public has a right to access, copy, adapt, and generally reuse in any way we wish is being locked down and restricted by—ironically enough—librarians.

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    Roy Tennant: "Remembering PACS-L"

    Posted in Libraries, Scholarly Communication on December 2nd, 2015

    Roy Tennant has published "Remembering PACS-L" in The Digital Shift.

    Here's an excerpt:

    For quite a while this list was where everything new in librarianship was happening. Despite its name, topics well beyond public access computer systems were discussed and debated. It was, in a nutshell, an essential place to hear and be heard. Its like was never to be again, as since then online communication channels have burgeoned and diversified.

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      "OCLC Prints Last Library Catalog Cards"

      Posted in Libraries, Metadata, OCLC on October 2nd, 2015

      OCLC has released "OCLC Prints Last Library Catalog Cards."

      Here's an excerpt:

      OCLC printed its last library catalog cards today, officially closing the book on what was once a familiar resource for generations of information seekers who now use computer catalogs and online search engines to access library collections around the world.

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        Libraries at the Crossroads

        Posted in Libraries, Reports and White Papers on September 16th, 2015

        The Pew Research Center has released Libraries at the Crossroads.

        Here's an excerpt:

        A new survey from Pew Research Center brings this complex situation into stark relief. Many Americans say they want public libraries to:

        • support local education;
        • serve special constituents such as veterans, active-duty military personnel and immigrants;
        • help local businesses, job seekers and those upgrading their work skills;
        • embrace new technologies such as 3-D printers and provide services to help patrons learn about high-tech gadgetry.

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          "Emerald Group Publishing Tests ZEN, Increases Prices: What Does It Mean?"

          Posted in Libraries, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on July 23rd, 2015

          Richard Poynder has published "Emerald Group Publishing Tests ZEN, Increases Prices: What Does It Mean?" in Open and Shut?

          Here's an excerpt:

          So why has Emerald chosen to trial ZEN [Zero Embargo Now] with some of it library journals, what role did the LAG play in the decision, and what do members of the LAG feel about the associated 70% increase in the APCs of 32 engineering and technology journals?

          In the hope of finding out I emailed Emerald and asked where I could find a list of advisory group members. It turns out that these are not publicly available.

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            "Barriers to Initiation of Open Source Software Projects in Libraries"

            Posted in Libraries, Open Source Software, Research Libraries on July 16th, 2015

            Curtis Thacker and Charles Knutson have published "Barriers to Initiation of Open Source Software Projects in Libraries" in the Code4Lib Journal.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Libraries share a number of core values with the Open Source Software (OSS) movement, suggesting there should be a natural tendency toward library participation in OSS projects. However Dale Askey's 2008 Code4Lib column entitled "We Love Open Source Software. No, You Can't Have Our Code," claims that while libraries are strong proponents of OSS, they are unlikely to actually contribute to OSS projects. He identifies, but does not empirically substantiate, six barriers that he believes contribute to this apparent inconsistency. In this study we empirically investigate not only Askey's central claim but also the six barriers he proposes. In contrast to Askey's assertion, we find that initiation of and contribution to OSS projects are, in fact, common practices in libraries. However, we also find that these practices are far from ubiquitous; as Askey suggests, many libraries do have opportunities to initiate OSS projects, but choose not to do so. Further, we find support for only four of Askey's six OSS barriers. Thus, our results confirm many, but not all, of Askey's assertions.

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              "How to Hack it as a Working Parent"

              Posted in Digital Culture, Libraries, Research Libraries on April 20th, 2015

              Jaclyn Bedoya et al. have published "How to Hack it as a Working Parent" in Code4Lib Journal.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The problems faced by working parents in technical fields in libraries are not unique or particularly unusual. However, the cross-section of work-life balance and gender disparity problems found in academia and technology can be particularly troublesome, especially for mothers and single parents. Attracting and retaining diverse talent in work environments that are highly structured or with high expectations of unstated off-the-clock work may be impossible long term. . . .

              We present some practical solutions for those in technical positions in libraries. Such solutions involve strategic use of technical tools, and lightweight project management applications. Technical workarounds are not the only answer; real and lasting change will involve a change in individual priorities and departmental culture such as sophisticated and ruthless time management, reviewing workloads, cross-training personnel, hiring contract replacements, and creative divisions of labor. Ultimately, a flexible environment that reflects the needs of parents will help create a better workplace culture for everyone, kids or no kids.

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                "Adjunct No More: Promoting Scholarly Publishing as a Core Service of Academic Libraries"

                Posted in Libraries, Publishing on February 4th, 2015

                Isaac Gilman has self-archived "Adjunct No More: Promoting Scholarly Publishing as a Core Service of Academic Libraries."

                Here's an excerpt:

                For small academic libraries, which are largely absent from ARL-dominated literature on library publishing (with some notable exceptions 14), the decision to pivot towards publishing services leads to several key questions: What skills and resources are needed in order to ensure quality and avoid Daniel Coit Gilman's disdained practice of "printing without publishing"?15) In what ways should the traditional work of the library change in order to accommodate this shift in focus? At the same time, in what ways can the work of publication be connected with traditional work and skills found within the library?

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                  Owning and Using Scholarship: An IP Handbook for Teachers and Researchers

                  Posted in Copyright, Libraries, Research Libraries on December 11th, 2014

                  ACRL has released Owning and Using Scholarship: An IP Handbook for Teachers and Researchers by Kevin L. Smith. It is available in print and digital formats, including an open access PDF.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  Copyright and other types of laws regulating intellectual property create an increasing concern for contemporary scholarship. The digital environment has created exciting new opportunities and possibilities for scholars to work and distribute their work. But these new opportunities also create issues that did not arise in the analog world. Owning and Using Scholarship demystifies intellectual property, and especially copyright law, for academic authors and independent scholars who face these dilemmas. It also serves as a comprehensive resource for librarians who are asked to assist with these new and challenging decisions.

                  Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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                    "Placements & Salaries 2014: Renaissance Librarians"

                    Posted in Libraries on October 16th, 2014

                    Stephanie L. Maatta has published "Placements & Salaries 2014: Renaissance Librarians" in Library Journal.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The overall average starting salary improved 2.6%, moving above $45,000 for the first time, to $45,650. Other pointers toward an improving job market were revealed in a decline in the rate of unemployment, dropping to 4.3% of those reporting employment status, and an increase in the rate of permanent professional positions, 69.6% of the job placements in 2013, up from 61.2% in 2012.

                    Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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                      Younger Americans and Public Libraries

                      Posted in Libraries on September 17th, 2014

                      The Pew Research Center has released Younger Americans and Public Libraries.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      Younger Americans-those ages 16-29-especially fascinate researchers and organizations because of their advanced technology habits, their racial and ethnic diversity, their looser relationships to institutions such as political parties and organized religion, and the ways in which their social attitudes differ from their elders.

                      This report pulls together several years of research into the role of libraries in the lives of Americans and their communities with a special focus on Millennials, a key stakeholder group affecting the future of communities, libraries, book publishers and media makers of all kinds, as well as the tone of the broader culture.

                      Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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                        "How Streaming Media Could Threaten the Mission of Libraries"

                        Posted in Copyright, Libraries, Licenses, Research Libraries on August 25th, 2014

                        Steve Kolowich has published "How Streaming Media Could Threaten the Mission of Libraries" in Wired Campus.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Welcome to content licensing, a great source of anxiety for librarians in the digital era. In previous decades, the university librarians might have bought a CD of the Dudamel album for $25 and kept it in circulation it for as long as the disc remained viable. Here they were asked to pay the publisher 10 times that amount (plus a licensing fee that would probably exceed the processing fee) for access to a quarter of the album for two years.

                        Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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