Archive for the 'Mass Digitizaton' Category

Digital Libraries: Europeana Strategic Plan 2011-2015

Posted in Digital Libraries, Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on January 18th, 2011

The Europeana project has released the Europeana Strategic Plan 2011-2015.

Here's an excerpt:

Launched as a proof of concept in 2008, with 2 million objects from 27 EU countries, Europeana spent 2009 and 2010 creating an operational service and ingesting a critical mass of data from some 1500 providers across Europe. Together with content partners and aided by Europe’s leading research universities, we now have a strong and vibrant network of museums, archives and libraries.

We are achieving our objective as an aggregator, and aim to give access to all of Europe’s digitised cultural heritage by 2025. However, to remain successful in the future we need now to move from a centralised role to a more distributed model. Europeana will take its place in a wider European information space, collaborating with other aggregators of content. From the users’ perspective, Europeana’s content will be readily accessible in the places they frequent online—social networks, educational sites and cultural spaces. Our ambition is to provide new forms of access to culture, to inspire creativity and stimulate social and economic growth. To achieve this, Europeana and its stakeholders grapple with major challenges. Primary among these are the intellectual property barriers to digitisation. Europeana will become outmoded if it is not renewed through access to 20th and 21st century material. To ensure such access, more concerted efforts are needed at a European level to deal with orphan works and rights harmonisation. Secondly, it is vital that the digitisation of Europe’s cultural and intellectual record is accelerated. Thirdly, long-term funding needs to be secured for both Europeana and the ecosystem of content providers and aggregators that supplies its lifeblood.

In this strategic plan we outline our approach to these challenges and to creating value for the stakeholders and users. Over the next five years, Europeana will focus on four strategic tracks:

  • aggregate content to build the open trusted source of European heritage
  • facilitate knowledge transfer, innovation and advocacy in the cultural heritage sector
  • distribute their heritage to users wherever they are, whenever they want it
  • engage users in new ways of participating in their cultural heritage

| Digital Scholarship |

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    The New Renaissance

    Posted in Copyright, Digital Libraries, Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on January 16th, 2011

    The European Commission's Comité des Sages has released The New Renaissance.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

    The report, called "The New Renaissance," key conclusions and recommendations are:

    • The Europeana portal should become the central reference point for Europe's online cultural heritage. Member States must ensure that all material digitised with public funding is available on the site, and bring all their public domain masterpieces into Europeana by 2016. Cultural
    • Works that are covered by copyright, but are no longer distributed commercially, need to be brought online. It is primarily the role of rights-holders to digitise these works and exploit them. But, if rights holders do not do so, cultural institutions must have a window of opportunity to digitise material and make it available to the public, for which right holders should be remunerated.
    • EU rules for orphan works (whose rights holders cannot be identified) need to be adopted as soon as possible. The Report defines eight fundamental conditions for any solution.
    • Member States need to considerably increase their funding for digitisation in order to generate jobs and growth in the future. The funds needed to build 100 km of roads would pay for the digitisation of 16% of all available books in EU libraries, or the digitisation of every piece of audio content in EU Member States' cultural institutions.
    • Public-private partnerships for digitisation must be encouraged. They must be transparent, non-exclusive and equitable for all partners, and must result in cross-border access to the digitised material for all. Preferential use of the digitised material granted to the private partner should not exceed seven years.
    • To guarantee the preservation of collections in their digital format, a second copy of this cultural material should be archived at Europeana. In addition, a system should be developed so that any cultural material that currently needs to be deposited in several countries would only be deposited once.

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      Cloud-Sourcing Research Collections: Managing Print in the Mass-Digitized Library Environment

      Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Mass Digitizaton, OCLC on January 16th, 2011

      OCLC has released Cloud-Sourcing Research Collections: Managing Print in the Mass-Digitized Library Environment.

      Here's an excerpt from the press release:

      The objective of the project was to examine the feasibility of outsourcing management of low-use print books held in academic libraries to shared service providers, including large-scale print and digital repositories. The study assessed the opportunity for library space saving and cost avoidance through the systematic and intentional outsourcing of local management operations for digitized books to shared service providers and progressive downsizing of local print collections in favor of negotiated access to the digitized corpus and regionally consolidated print inventory.

      Some of the findings from the project that are detailed in the report include:

      • There is sufficient material in the mass-digitized library collection managed by the HathiTrust to duplicate a sizeable (and growing) portion of virtually any academic library in the United States, and there is adequate duplication between the shared digital repository and large-scale print storage facilities to enable a great number of academic libraries to reconsider their local print management operations.
      • The combination of a relatively small number of potential shared print providers, including the US Library of Congress, was sufficient to achieve more than 70% coverage of the digitized book collection, suggesting that shared service may not require a very large network of providers.
      • Substantial library space savings and cost avoidance could be achieved if academic institutions outsourced management of redundant low-use inventory to shared service providers.
      • Academic library directors can have a positive and profound impact on the future of academic print collections by adopting and implementing a deliberate strategy to build and sustain regional print service centers that can reduce the total cost of library preservation and access.

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        New York Law School Law Review Publishes Special Issue about Google Books Lawsuit and Settlement

        Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on December 6th, 2010

        The New York Law School Law Review has published a special issue containing papers from the NYU Law School's October 2009 D Is for Digitize conference on the Google Books lawsuit and settlement.

        Here are the papers:

        • "D Is for Digitize: An Introduction," James Grimmelmann
        • "Google Book Settlement and the Fair Use Counterfactual," Matthew Sag
        • "Fulfulling the Copyright Social Justice Promise: Digitized Textual Information," Lateef Mtima & Steven D. Jamar
        • "Orphan Works and the Google Book Search Settlement: An International Perspective," Bernard Lang
        • "H Is for Harmonization: The Google Book Search Settlement and Orphan Works Legislation in the European Union," Katharina de la Durantaye
        • "Continued DOJ Oversight of the Google Book Search Settlement: Defending Our Public Values and Protecting Competition," Christopher A. Suarez
        • "Digitial + Library: Mass Book Digitization as Collection Inquiry," Mary Murrell
        • "The Why in DIY Book Scanning," Daniel Reetz

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          "The Google Book Settlement as Copyright Reform"

          Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on September 29th, 2010

          Pamela Samuelson has self-archived "The Google Book Settlement as Copyright Reform" in SSRN.

          Here's an excerpt:

          This Article explains why certain features of U.S. law, particularly copyright law, may have contributed to Google’s willingness to undertake the GBS project in the first place and later to its motivation to settle the Authors Guild lawsuit. It then demonstrates that the proposed settlement would indeed achieve a measure of copyright reform that Congress would find difficult to accomplish. Some of this reform may be in the public interest. It also considers whether the quasi-legislative nature of the GBS settlement is merely an interesting side effect of the agreement or an additional reason in favor or against approval of this settlement.

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            Internet Archive Announces That University of Toronto Has Digitized 250,000 Books

            Posted in ARL Libraries, Digitization, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Open Access on September 26th, 2010

            Brewster Kahle of the Internet Archive has announced that the University of Toronto has digitized 250,000 books.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            When I talked with Carole Moore, the fantastic librarian from University of Toronto, about 6 years ago, she had a vision of scanning 250,000 books from their libraries. Well, a few days ago she succeeded. (

            It has been a winding road to here, with financial help from Yahoo and Microsoft, from the Canadian government and from the University of Toronto—but she got there in grand style. . . .

            250,000 books for free to the world from one of the great libraries in the world.

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              IBM and European Union Collaborate on IMPACT (IMProving Access to Text) Project

              Posted in Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on August 25th, 2010

              IBM and the European Union are collaborating on a mass digitization project called on IMPACT (IMProving Access to Text).

              Here's an excerpt from the press release:

              IBM and the EU have expanded their research collaboration, which now includes more than two-dozen national libraries, research institutes, universities, and companies across Europe to provide new technology that will enable highly-accurate digitization of rare and culturally significant historical texts on a massive scale. Unlike past digitization projects where the result has been static, online libraries of texts, this unique widescale effort, called IMPACT (IMProving Access to Text), will offer new tools and best practices to institutions across Europe that will enable them to efficiently and accurately continue to produce quality digital replicas of historically significant texts and make them widely available, editable and searchable online.

              Funded by the EU, IMPACT's research combines the power of new innovative Web-enabled adaptive optical character recognition (OCR) software with "crowd computing" technology—a fast growing concept designed around individuals, or 'crowds,' enhancing a process or product by sharing their knowledge and expertise to dramatically improve its quality and efficiency. Combined, these technologies will allow institutions for the first time to adapt digitization to the idiosyncrasies of old fonts, anomalies and even vocabularies–while reducing error rates by 35% and substitution rates by 75%.

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                Digital Videos of ALA Panel Discussion on Life after the Google Book Search Settlement

                Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on July 7th, 2010

                The ALA Washington Office has released digital videos of the Panel Discussion on Life after the Google Book Search Settlement at ALA Annual.

                Here's an excerpt from the panel announcement:

                The ALA Washington Office is hosting the ALA ad hoc Google Task Forces' breakout session titled "Panel Discussion on Life after the Google Book Search Settlement (GBS)" which will explore the possible court rulings – approval, denial or permutation there in – and how libraries would be impacted.. . .

                Jonathan Band, intellectual property attorney and counsel for the ALA, will lead the discussion and pose questions to an expert group of panelists. Invited panelists include a representative from Google (Johanna Shelton-confirmed), a professor from the New York University Law School (James Grimmelmann-confirmed), a representative from the U.S. Copyright Office and a librarian from a GBS participating library.

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                  The Idea of Order: Transforming Research Collections for 21st Century Scholarship

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Mass Digitizaton, Reports and White Papers on June 3rd, 2010

                  The Council on Library and Information Resources has released The Idea of Order: Transforming Research Collections for 21st Century Scholarship.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  The Idea of Order explores the transition from an analog to a digital environment for knowledge access, preservation, and reconstitution, and the implications of this transition for managing research collections. The volume comprises three reports. The first, "Can a New Research Library be All-Digital?" by Lisa Spiro and Geneva Henry, explores the degree to which a new research library can eschew print. The second, "On the Cost of Keeping a Book," by Paul Courant and Matthew "Buzzy" Nielsen, argues that from the perspective of long-term storage, digital surrogates offer a considerable cost savings over print-based libraries. The final report, "Ghostlier Demarcations," examines how well large text databases being created by Google Books and other mass-digitization efforts meet the needs of scholars, and the larger implications of these projects for research, teaching, and publishing.

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                    "The Google Book Settlement and the TRIPS Agreement"

                    Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on May 23rd, 2010

                    Daniel J. Gervais has self-archived "The Google Book Settlement and the TRIPS Agreement" in SSRN.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The proposed amended settlement in the Google Book case has been the focus of numerous comments and critiques. This "perspective" reviews the compatibility of the proposed settlement with the TRIPS Agreement and relevant provisions of the Berne Convention that were incorporated into TRIPS, in particular the no-formality rule, the most-favored nation (MFN) clause, national treatment obligations, and the so-called three-step test, which constrains the ability of WTO Members to provide new exceptions and limitations to copyright rights.

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                      Digital Video of Intellectual Property Breakfast Club Session on Google Book Settlement

                      Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on May 20th, 2010

             has released a digital video of the Intellectual Property Breakfast Club's the Google Book Search Settlement and E-Book Licensing session on May 11, 2010.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      The panelists included:

                      • Jonathan Band, Counsel, Library Copyright Alliance
                      • Michael Capobianco, Vice President, Science Fiction & Fantasy Writers of America
                      • Sherwin Siy, Deputy Legal Director, Public Knowledge
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                        Cynthia S. Arato's Analysis of the Google Books Settlement

                        Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on May 10th, 2010

                        Cynthia S. Arato, a Partner at Macht, Shapiro, Arato & Isserles, has sent an eighteen-page memo on the Google Books Settlement to the Open Book Alliance that summarizes "the objections and argument that we lodged against the proposed settlement of the 'Google Books' lawsuit on behalf of leading foreign publishing and authors' associations, foreign publishers, and foreign authors."

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Numerous provisions of the proposed Google Books settlement would, if approved, violate the treaty obligations of the U.S. For this reason, and because of its myriad other defects, the settlement should not be approved by the court. If the settlement is approved, it may give rise to legal action against the U.S. before an international tribunal and will certainly expose the U.S. to diplomatic stress.

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