Archive for the 'Metadata' Category

"Grant Narrative—Integrating Digital Humanities into the Web of Scholarship with SHARE: An Exploration of Requirements"

Posted in Digital Humanities, Metadata on August 9th, 2017

Cynthia Hudson-Vitale et al. have self-archived "Grant Narrative—Integrating Digital Humanities into the Web of Scholarship with SHARE: An Exploration of Requirements."

Here's an excerpt:

This project will develop a plan to optimize the SHARE aggregator and data set for digital humanities in consultation with scholars, institutions, and centers. Given the dispersed nature of modern scholarship, a digital humanities project may produce more than one book or article manuscript, each published on a different publisher’s website, any number of pre-prints on institutional repositories or pre-print servers, data sets and code books on Dryad or Figshare, and text mining or cleaning scripts on github. With many digital humanities projects based in academic departments, such project components may be housed semi-permanently in web-publishing platforms like Omeka without formal integration with library discovery systems or other services to link them to similar projects. As part of a growing open infrastructure movement, the SHARE platform links scholarly activity across the research lifecycle and makes it available as enhanced, free, open metadata. The project team will administer a survey, conduct focus groups, and engage with the humanities community to detail requirements and prototype applications for digital scholarship curation, discovery, and aggregation using SHARE.

See the project's OSF site for additional current and future information.

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"14 Years of PID Services at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB): Connected Frameworks, Research Data and Lessons Learned from a National Research Library Perspective"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on July 18th, 2017

Angelina Kraft et al. have published "14 Years of PID Services at the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB): Connected Frameworks, Research Data and Lessons Learned from a National Research Library Perspective" in Data Science Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

In an ideal research world, any scientific content should be citable and the coherent content, as well as the citation itself, should be persistent. However, today’s scientists do not only produce traditional research papers—they produce comprehensive digital resources and collections. TIB's mission is to develop a supportive framework for a sustainable access to such digital content—focusing on areas of engineering as well as architecture, chemistry, information technology, mathematics and physics. The term digital content comprises all digitally available resources such as audiovisual media, databases, texts, images, spreadsheets, digital lab journals, multimedia, 3D objects, statistics and software code.

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"Connecting the Persistent Identifier Ecosystem: Building the Technical and Human Infrastructure for Open Research"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Open Science on June 16th, 2017

Angela Dappert et al. have published "Connecting the Persistent Identifier Ecosystem: Building the Technical and Human Infrastructure for Open Research" in the Data Science Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

This article draws on the work of the EU-funded THOR project to take stock of the current state of interoperability across the PID landscape and to discuss the next steps towards an integrated research record. Examples illustrate how this interconnectivity is facilitated technically, as well as social and human challenges in fostering adoption. User stories highlight how this network of persistent identifier services is facilitating good practice in open research and where its limitations lie.

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"It Takes a Village: One Year of Journals Requiring ORCID iDs"

Posted in Metadata, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 22nd, 2017

Alice Meadows has published "It Takes a Village: One Year of Journals Requiring ORCID iDs" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

Here's an excerpt:

Today, well over 1,500 journals published by 16 publishers and societies, require iDs for at least their corresponding authors and, from our conversations with leaders of organizations across all sectors, we know that similar approaches are actively being considered by organizations in other sectors.

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"E-Data Quality: How Publishers and Libraries are Working Together to Improve Data Quality"

Posted in Electronic Resources, Metadata, Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Books, Scholarly Journals on February 7th, 2017

Carlen Ruschoff et al. have published "Data Quality: How Publishers and Libraries are Working Together to Improve Data Quality " in Collaborative librarianship.

Here's an excerpt:

High quality data is essential for discovery and access of e-resources, but in many cases low quality, inaccurate information leads to low usage and a poor return on library investment dollars. In this article, publishers, aggregators, librarians, and knowledge base providers talk about how they are working together to improve access to e-resources.

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"A Metadata-Driven Approach to Data Repository Design"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Metadata on January 30th, 2017

Matthew J. Harvey, Andrew McLean, and Henry S. Rzep have published "A Metadata-Driven Approach to Data Repository Design" in the Journal of Cheminformatics.

Here's an excerpt:

The design and use of a metadata-driven data repository for research data management is described. Metadata is collected automatically during the submission process whenever possible and is registered with DataCite in accordance with their current metadata schema, in exchange for a persistent digital object identifier. Two examples of data preview are illustrated, including the demonstration of a method for integration with commercial software that confers rich domain-specific data analytics without introducing customisation into the repository itself.

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"Uniform Resolution of Compact Identifiers for Biomedical Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Publishing on January 26th, 2017

Sarala Wimalaratne et al. have self-archived "Uniform Resolution of Compact Identifiers for Biomedical Data."

Here's an excerpt:

We report here on significant further work by our team toward making compact identifiers available for long-term use in an ecosystem supporting formal citation of primary research data. This approach is intended to be robust beyond the operational and funding scope of any one organization, enabling long-term resolution of cited persistent data in archives. We demonstrate that multiple resolvers with fundamentally different underlying code bases, organizational settings and international alignments, can readily support this approach. As part of this project we have deployed public, production-quality resolvers using a common registry and rules model. This harmonizes the work of n2t.net, based at the California Digital Library (CDL), University of California Office of the President, and identifiers.org, based at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory-European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI). Both resolvers, while derived from independently developed code bases, with different features and objectives, can now uniformly resolve compact identifiers according to our rule set, using a set of common procedures and redirection rules. We believe these products and our approach will be of significant help to publishers and others implementing persistent, machine-resolvable citation of research data in compliance with emerging science policy body recommendations and funder requirements.

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"Elsevier Implements Data Citation Standards to Encourage and Reward Authors for Sharing Research Data"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on December 1st, 2016

Elsevier has released "Elsevier Implements Data Citation Standards to Encourage and Reward Authors for Sharing Research Data."

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced that it has implemented the FORCE11 Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles for over 1800 journals. This means that authors publishing with Elsevier are now able to cite the research data underlying their article, contributing to attribution and encouraging research data sharing with research articles.

The FORCE11 data citation principles were launched in 2014 with the aim to make research data an integral part of the scholarly record.

See also: "An Introduction to the Joint Principles for Data Citation."

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"From Digital Commons to OCLC: A Tailored Approach for Harvesting and Transforming ETD Metadata into High-Quality Records"

Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Metadata on July 21st, 2016

Marielle Veve has published "From Digital Commons to OCLC: A Tailored Approach for Harvesting and Transforming ETD Metadata into High-Quality Records" in Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

The library literature contains many examples of automated and semi-automated approaches to harvest electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) metadata from institutional repositories (IR) to the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). However, most of these approaches could not be implemented with the institutional repository software Digital Commons because of various reasons including proprietary schema incompatibilities and high level programming expertise requirements our institution did not want to pursue. Only one semi-automated approach was found in the library literature which met our requirements for implementation, and even though it catered to the particular needs of the DSpace IR, it could be implemented to other IR software if further customizations were applied.

The following paper presents an extension of this semi-automated approach originally created by Deng and Reese, but customized and adapted to address the particular needs of the Digital Commons community and updated to integrate the latest Resource Description & Access (RDA) content standards for ETDs. Advantages and disadvantages of this workflow are discussed and presented as well.

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"Faculty Use of Author Identifiers and Researcher Networking Tools"

Posted in Metadata, Publishing on June 10th, 2016

College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "Faculty Use of Author Identifiers and Researcher Networking Tools" by Clara Y. Tran and Jennifer A. Lyon .

Here's an excerpt:

Our survey results show that there is recognition and use of existing Author ID and researcher networking profiles, as well as some professional use of online social media platforms amongst academic faculty across all disciplines. Additionally, there was notable interest in access to training and support resources on the same resources. At this time, ORCID appears to have gained the highest level of awareness and use among Stony Brook faculty. Faculty also reported use of the two most well-known commercial authorIDs: Thomson Reuters' ResearcherID and Elsevier's Scopus Author ID.

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Addressing the Challenges with Organizational Identifiers and ISNI

Posted in Metadata on May 4th, 2016

OCLC Research has released Addressing the Challenges with Organizational Identifiers and ISNI.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This report focusses on organizational identifiers from the perspective of academic institutions. Their ranks and reputation often determine their success in obtaining funding and attracting or retaining faculty. Identifiers provide the "glue" for institutions and funder systems to support comparing and ranking the outputs of the research process; assessing the impact of grants between institutions and their funders; and tracking and collating publications between researchers and their publishers. The report outlines a number of scenarios where the International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) can be used to disambiguate organizations, including real-world examples.

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"An Analysis of Evolving Metadata Influences, Standards, and Practices in Electronic Theses and Dissertations"

Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Metadata on April 11th, 2016

Sarah Potvin and Santi Thompson have published "An Analysis of Evolving Metadata Influences, Standards, and Practices in Electronic Theses and Dissertations" in Library Resources & Technical Services.

Here's an excerpt:

This study seeks to raise awareness of divergences between current practices and metadata standards and guidelines for electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). We use a multifaceted approach to consider the philosophies that have guided the design of several metadata standards, offering a close case study focused on efforts by the Texas Digital Library to forge a common standard. Analysis is rooted in literatures on metadata quality, shareable or federated metadata, and interoperability, with attention to the impact of systems, tools, and practices on ETD date metadata. This examination of semantic interoperability issues serves as an articulation of the need for a more robust ideal moving forward, rooted in lifecycle models of metadata and concerned with the long-term curation and preservation of ETDs.

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