Archive for the 'Metadata' Category

CHORUS and ORCID Sign Memorandum of Understanding

Posted in Metadata, Open Access, Publishing on July 15th, 2015

CHORUS and ORCID have signed a memorandum of understanding.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Our plans include supporting simple and non-ambiguous links between researchers and funders by linking CHORUS article records to ORCID ID researcher records, building awareness of the ORCID registry among funding agency researchers and administrators, and encouraging the use of persistent identifiers for researchers and organizations to support public access to research works.

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    "A System for Distributed Minting and Management of Persistent Identifiers"

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata on May 27th, 2015

    Lukasz Bolikowski, et al. have published "A System for Distributed Minting and Management of Persistent Identifiers" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Minting persistent identifiers and managing their metadata is typically governed by a single organization. Such a single point of failure poses a risk to longevity and long-term preservation of identifiers. In this paper we address the risk by proposing a radically different approach, in which minting and management of persistent identifiers is distributed, and the integrity of the distributed system is guaranteed by public-key cryptography. We describe the general architecture of the system, analyse its robustness and discuss potential deployment scenarios

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      Institutional ORCID Implementation and Cost-Benefit Analysis Report

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Reports and White Papers on May 19th, 2015

      JISC has released the Institutional ORCID Implementation and Cost-Benefit Analysis Report .

      Here's an excerpt:

      In May 2014, Jisc and ARMA commissioned eight HEI ORCID Pilot projects to support the broader use of ORCID unique researcher identifiers (ORCID iDs) in UK higher education. Information Power Ltd and Research Consulting Ltd were commissioned to prepare this report on the results of the eight pilot projects in order to:

      • Inform how ORCID is implemented in UK HEIs;
      • Enable institutional managers to build a business case for ORCID adoption in HEIs; and
      • Encourage wider adoption of ORCID IDs

      The report is based on semi-structured interviews with the Jisc-ARMA ORCID pilot projects and other research community stakeholders conducted either face-to-face or through telephone/Skype interviews, attendance at the September 2014 and January 2015 pilot project workshops and desk-based review of other relevant evidence.

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        "Persistent, Global Identity for Scientists via ORCID"

        Posted in Metadata, Open Science on February 24th, 2015

        August E. Evrard et al. have self-archived "Persistent, Global Identity for Scientists via ORCID."

        Here's an excerpt:

        Scientists have an inherent interest in claiming their contributions to the scholarly record, but the fragmented state of identity management across the landscape of astronomy, physics, and other fields makes highlighting the contributions of any single individual a formidable and often frustratingly complex task. The problem is exacerbated by the expanding variety of academic research products and the growing footprints of large collaborations and interdisciplinary teams. In this essay, we outline the benefits of a unique scholarly identifier with persistent value on a global scale and we review astronomy and physics engagement with the Open Researcher and Contributor iD (ORCID) service as a solution.

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          "Towards an Interoperable Digital Scholarly Edition"

          Posted in Metadata on November 19th, 2014

          Desmond Schmidt has published "Towards an Interoperable Digital Scholarly Edition" in Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The change in context between the pre-Web world of 1988, its isolated microcomputers and CD-ROMs, and the modern connected, mobile world of Web 2.0 is stark. Texts now have a different purpose: they need to be much more than simply exchangeable via disk or email, they need to instantly respond to heterogenous needs. Inevitably, this has resulted in a growing discontent with traditional approaches to encoding one-off literary and historical documentary texts (Mueller 2013; Robinson 2010). This discontent has focused on the size of the TEI Guidelines (currently 553 tags), the consequent difficulty of comprehending it enough to use it (Usdin 2009), and its inability to elegantly represent overlapping structures that are common in born-material texts (Renear, Mylonas, and Durand 1993). But arguably the most serious problem, now generally recognized (Unsworth 2011; Bauman 2011), is that TEI-encoded texts are not interoperable: that is, they cannot be fully used in various applications without preliminary, and often substantial, conversion.

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            Registering Researchers in Authority Files

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on October 28th, 2014

            OCLC Research has released Registering Researchers in Authority Files.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            Registering researchers in some type of authority file or identifier system has become more compelling as both institutions and researchers recognize the need to compile their scholarly output. The report presents functional requirements and recommendations for six stakeholders: researchers, funders, university administrators, librarians, identity management systems and aggregators (including publishers). It also provides an overview of the researcher identifier landscape, changes in the field, emerging trends, and opportunities.

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              "On Being a Hub: Some Details behind Providing Metadata for the Digital Public Library of America"

              Posted in Digital Libraries, Metadata on July 16th, 2014

              Lisa Gregory and Stephanie Williams have published "On Being a Hub: Some Details behind Providing Metadata for the Digital Public Library of America" in D-Lib Magazine.

              Here's an excerpt:

              After years of planning, the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) launched in 2013. Institutions from around the United States contribute to the DPLA through regional "service hubs," entities that aggregate digital collections metadata for harvest by the DPLA. The North Carolina Digital Heritage Center has been one of these service hubs since the end of 2013. This article describes the technological side of being a service hub for the DPLA, from choosing metadata requirements and reviewing software, to the workflow used each month when providing hundreds of metadata feeds for DPLA harvest. The authors hope it will be of interest to those pursuing metadata aggregation, whether for the DPLA or for other purposes.

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                Integrating Researcher Identifiers into University and Library Systems

                Posted in Metadata on May 13th, 2014

                CNI has released a video of the Integrating Researcher Identifiers into University and Library Systems session at the CNI spring 2014 meeting.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                A number of approaches to providing authoritative researcher identifiers have emerged, but they tend to be limited by discipline, affiliation or publisher. This talk provides an overview of an OCLC Research task group's analysis of a complex ecosystem of systems and institutions that provide, aggregate and use researcher and name authorities: researcher identifier systems. The presentation reflects on the state of the practice and on the remaining challenges to the integration of researcher identifiers into the systems and practices of libraries, universities, funders, and publishers.

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                  "PREMIS-Lite, a Preservation Metadata Generator"

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on March 5th, 2014

                  Todd P. Swanson has published "PREMIS-Lite, a Preservation Metadata Generator" in Library Philosophy and Practice

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Using the PREMIS standard as a model this project creates a "PREMIS-Lite" xml preservation metadata generator. This PREMIS-Lite XML generator and its supporting PREMIS-Lite semantic unit definition, user guide, and crosswalk combine to allow for the simple capture and creation of preservation metadata at the object level.

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                    Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery (Draft)

                    Posted in Electronic Resources, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Metadata on October 17th, 2013

                    The National Information Standards Organization has released a draft of the Open Discovery Initiative: Promoting Transparency in Discovery.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    Launched in 2012, the NISO Open Discovery Initiative (ODI) aims to facilitate increased transparency in the content coverage of index-based discovery services and to recommend consistent methods of content exchange. This draft recommended practice provides specific guidelines for content providers on metadata elements, linking, and technical formats, and for discovery service providers on content listings, linking, file formats, methods of transfer, and usage statistics. The document also provides background information on the evolution of discovery and delivery technology and a standard set of terminology and definitions for this technology area.

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                      Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Releases DC-2013 Proceedings

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on September 16th, 2013

                      The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative has released the DC-2013 proceedings.

                      Here's an excerpt from the conference description:

                      DC-2013 will explore questions regarding the persistence, maintenance, and preservation of metadata and descriptive vocabularies. The need for stable representations and descriptions spans all sectors including cultural heritage and scientific data, eGovernment, finance and commerce. Thus, the maintenance and management of metadata is essential to address the long term availability of information of legal, cultural and economic value.

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                        "How Portable Are the Metadata Standards for Scientific Data? A Proposal for a Metadata Infrastructure"

                        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on September 10th, 2013

                        Jian Qin and Kai Li have self-archived "How Portable Are the Metadata Standards for Scientific Data? A Proposal for a Metadata Infrastructure."

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The one-covers-all approach in current metadata standards for scientific data has serious limitations in keeping up with the ever-growing data. This paper reports the findings from a survey to metadata standards in the scientific data domain and argues for the need for a metadata infrastructure. The survey collected 4400+ unique elements from 16 standards and categorized these elements into 9 categories. Findings from the data included that the highest counts of element occurred in the descriptive category and many of them overlapped with DC elements. This pattern also repeated in the elements co-occurred in different standards. A small number of semantically general elements appeared across the largest numbers of standards while the rest of the element co-occurrences formed a long tail with a wide range of specific semantics. The paper discussed implications of the findings in the context of metadata portability and infrastructure and pointed out that large, complex standards and widely varied naming practices are the major hurdles for building a metadata infrastructure.

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