Archive for the 'Metadata' Category

"From Digital Commons to OCLC: A Tailored Approach for Harvesting and Transforming ETD Metadata into High-Quality Records"

Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Metadata on July 21st, 2016

Marielle Veve has published "From Digital Commons to OCLC: A Tailored Approach for Harvesting and Transforming ETD Metadata into High-Quality Records" in Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

The library literature contains many examples of automated and semi-automated approaches to harvest electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) metadata from institutional repositories (IR) to the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). However, most of these approaches could not be implemented with the institutional repository software Digital Commons because of various reasons including proprietary schema incompatibilities and high level programming expertise requirements our institution did not want to pursue. Only one semi-automated approach was found in the library literature which met our requirements for implementation, and even though it catered to the particular needs of the DSpace IR, it could be implemented to other IR software if further customizations were applied.

The following paper presents an extension of this semi-automated approach originally created by Deng and Reese, but customized and adapted to address the particular needs of the Digital Commons community and updated to integrate the latest Resource Description & Access (RDA) content standards for ETDs. Advantages and disadvantages of this workflow are discussed and presented as well.

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    "Faculty Use of Author Identifiers and Researcher Networking Tools"

    Posted in Metadata, Publishing on June 10th, 2016

    College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "Faculty Use of Author Identifiers and Researcher Networking Tools" by Clara Y. Tran and Jennifer A. Lyon .

    Here's an excerpt:

    Our survey results show that there is recognition and use of existing Author ID and researcher networking profiles, as well as some professional use of online social media platforms amongst academic faculty across all disciplines. Additionally, there was notable interest in access to training and support resources on the same resources. At this time, ORCID appears to have gained the highest level of awareness and use among Stony Brook faculty. Faculty also reported use of the two most well-known commercial authorIDs: Thomson Reuters' ResearcherID and Elsevier's Scopus Author ID.

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      Addressing the Challenges with Organizational Identifiers and ISNI

      Posted in Metadata on May 4th, 2016

      OCLC Research has released Addressing the Challenges with Organizational Identifiers and ISNI.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      This report focusses on organizational identifiers from the perspective of academic institutions. Their ranks and reputation often determine their success in obtaining funding and attracting or retaining faculty. Identifiers provide the "glue" for institutions and funder systems to support comparing and ranking the outputs of the research process; assessing the impact of grants between institutions and their funders; and tracking and collating publications between researchers and their publishers. The report outlines a number of scenarios where the International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) can be used to disambiguate organizations, including real-world examples.

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        "An Analysis of Evolving Metadata Influences, Standards, and Practices in Electronic Theses and Dissertations"

        Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Metadata on April 11th, 2016

        Sarah Potvin and Santi Thompson have published "An Analysis of Evolving Metadata Influences, Standards, and Practices in Electronic Theses and Dissertations" in Library Resources & Technical Services.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This study seeks to raise awareness of divergences between current practices and metadata standards and guidelines for electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). We use a multifaceted approach to consider the philosophies that have guided the design of several metadata standards, offering a close case study focused on efforts by the Texas Digital Library to forge a common standard. Analysis is rooted in literatures on metadata quality, shareable or federated metadata, and interoperability, with attention to the impact of systems, tools, and practices on ETD date metadata. This examination of semantic interoperability issues serves as an articulation of the need for a more robust ideal moving forward, rooted in lifecycle models of metadata and concerned with the long-term curation and preservation of ETDs.

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          "Data Citation Services in the High-Energy Physics Community"

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on January 18th, 2016

          Patricia Herterich and Sünje Dallmeier-Tiessen have published "Data Citation Services in the High-Energy Physics Community" in D-Lib Magazine.

          Here's an excerpt:

          In this article we present a case study of data citation services for the High-Energy Physics (HEP) community using digital library technology. Our example shows how the concept of data citation is implemented for the complete research workflow, covering data production, publishing, citation and tracking of data reuse. We also describe challenges faced and distil lessons learnt for infrastructure providers and scholarly communication stakeholders across disciplines.

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            "OCLC Prints Last Library Catalog Cards"

            Posted in Libraries, Metadata, OCLC on October 2nd, 2015

            OCLC has released "OCLC Prints Last Library Catalog Cards."

            Here's an excerpt:

            OCLC printed its last library catalog cards today, officially closing the book on what was once a familiar resource for generations of information seekers who now use computer catalogs and online search engines to access library collections around the world.

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              "Connecting the Pieces: Using ORCIDs to Improve Research Impact and Repositories"

              Posted in Institutional Repositories, Metadata, Self-Archiving on September 10th, 2015

              Mohamed Baessa et al have published "Connecting the Pieces: Using ORCIDs to Improve Research Impact and Repositories" in F1000 Research.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Integration with ORCID has been a key element in this process and the best way to ensure data quality for researcher's scientific contributions. It included the systematic inclusion and creation, if necessary, of ORCID identifiers in the existing repository system, an institutional membership in ORCID, and the creation of dedicated integration tools. In addition and in cooperation with the Office of Research Evaluation, the Library worked at implementing a Current Research Information System (CRIS) as a standardized common resource to monitor KAUST research outputs.

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                CHORUS and ORCID Sign Memorandum of Understanding

                Posted in Metadata, Open Access, Publishing on July 15th, 2015

                CHORUS and ORCID have signed a memorandum of understanding.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                Our plans include supporting simple and non-ambiguous links between researchers and funders by linking CHORUS article records to ORCID ID researcher records, building awareness of the ORCID registry among funding agency researchers and administrators, and encouraging the use of persistent identifiers for researchers and organizations to support public access to research works.

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                  "A System for Distributed Minting and Management of Persistent Identifiers"

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata on May 27th, 2015

                  Lukasz Bolikowski, et al. have published "A System for Distributed Minting and Management of Persistent Identifiers" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Minting persistent identifiers and managing their metadata is typically governed by a single organization. Such a single point of failure poses a risk to longevity and long-term preservation of identifiers. In this paper we address the risk by proposing a radically different approach, in which minting and management of persistent identifiers is distributed, and the integrity of the distributed system is guaranteed by public-key cryptography. We describe the general architecture of the system, analyse its robustness and discuss potential deployment scenarios

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                    Institutional ORCID Implementation and Cost-Benefit Analysis Report

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Reports and White Papers on May 19th, 2015

                    JISC has released the Institutional ORCID Implementation and Cost-Benefit Analysis Report .

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    In May 2014, Jisc and ARMA commissioned eight HEI ORCID Pilot projects to support the broader use of ORCID unique researcher identifiers (ORCID iDs) in UK higher education. Information Power Ltd and Research Consulting Ltd were commissioned to prepare this report on the results of the eight pilot projects in order to:

                    • Inform how ORCID is implemented in UK HEIs;
                    • Enable institutional managers to build a business case for ORCID adoption in HEIs; and
                    • Encourage wider adoption of ORCID IDs

                    The report is based on semi-structured interviews with the Jisc-ARMA ORCID pilot projects and other research community stakeholders conducted either face-to-face or through telephone/Skype interviews, attendance at the September 2014 and January 2015 pilot project workshops and desk-based review of other relevant evidence.

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                      "Persistent, Global Identity for Scientists via ORCID"

                      Posted in Metadata, Open Science on February 24th, 2015

                      August E. Evrard et al. have self-archived "Persistent, Global Identity for Scientists via ORCID."

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      Scientists have an inherent interest in claiming their contributions to the scholarly record, but the fragmented state of identity management across the landscape of astronomy, physics, and other fields makes highlighting the contributions of any single individual a formidable and often frustratingly complex task. The problem is exacerbated by the expanding variety of academic research products and the growing footprints of large collaborations and interdisciplinary teams. In this essay, we outline the benefits of a unique scholarly identifier with persistent value on a global scale and we review astronomy and physics engagement with the Open Researcher and Contributor iD (ORCID) service as a solution.

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                        "Towards an Interoperable Digital Scholarly Edition"

                        Posted in Metadata on November 19th, 2014

                        Desmond Schmidt has published "Towards an Interoperable Digital Scholarly Edition" in Journal of the Text Encoding Initiative.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The change in context between the pre-Web world of 1988, its isolated microcomputers and CD-ROMs, and the modern connected, mobile world of Web 2.0 is stark. Texts now have a different purpose: they need to be much more than simply exchangeable via disk or email, they need to instantly respond to heterogenous needs. Inevitably, this has resulted in a growing discontent with traditional approaches to encoding one-off literary and historical documentary texts (Mueller 2013; Robinson 2010). This discontent has focused on the size of the TEI Guidelines (currently 553 tags), the consequent difficulty of comprehending it enough to use it (Usdin 2009), and its inability to elegantly represent overlapping structures that are common in born-material texts (Renear, Mylonas, and Durand 1993). But arguably the most serious problem, now generally recognized (Unsworth 2011; Bauman 2011), is that TEI-encoded texts are not interoperable: that is, they cannot be fully used in various applications without preliminary, and often substantial, conversion.

                        Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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