Archive for the 'Open Access' Category

"House of Commons Oral Evidence Taken before the Business, Innovation And Skills Committee Open Access"

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 25th, 2013

The UK Parliament has released an uncorrected transcript of "House of Commons Oral Evidence Taken before the Business, Innovation And Skills Committee Open Access."

Here's an excerpt (below comments by Alicia Wise, Director of Universal Access, Reed Elsevier):

With the Government's policy that we are all implementing, we will see an increase in the amount of hybrid open-access publishing done at scale. For the open-access components of that hybrid publishing, it is clear that the costs are sustainable through the article-publishing charges. For the subscription part of those titles, the costs continue to need to be covered through the subscription model. If the content is freely available too quickly, there will be no need for libraries to continue to pay those subscription costs. While we have not seen clear evidence of an undermining or cancellation of subscriptions at this point, there is evidence, such as that Audrey referred to, that librarians are watching this space very closely and are very mindful of it. We have also seen that where content is deposited at scale, there can be an erosion of transactional revenues-the pay-per-view business model. Those are very modest components of most of our revenue streams, but again it is a potential early-warning sign.

See also the video of the session.

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    "Expanded Public Access: A New Era with New Challenges"

    Posted in Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access on April 19th, 2013

    The Association of American Universities, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, and the Association of Research Libraries have released "Expanded Public Access: A New Era with New Challenges."

    Here's an excerpt:

    During a short six-month period, agencies will develop draft plans for how this long-term preservation and access will occur ["Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research"]. Research universities have a significant stake in the plans the Director ultimately approves—universities are responsible to federal research funding agencies for compliance with the regulations attendant to the grants received by their researchers. If we are faced with different deposit requirements for manuscripts and data by each of the 15 and possibly more agencies subject to the directive, the compliance bill could be very expensive and might not reflect the interests of the academy. Given that PubMed Central has established a useful model for deposit of and access to research manuscripts, we can hope that the example of good practice established by them will be drawn upon by other funding agencies as they establish their own public access policies, and that the resultant products interconnect across and between agencies and external stakeholders that promote effective, seamless public access.

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      "Open Access—Are the Barriers to Change Receding?"

      Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Self-Archiving on April 16th, 2013

      Bo-Christer Björk has published "Open Access—Are the Barriers to Change Receding?" in Publications.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The move from subscription only publishing of scholarly articles to open access has been much slower than previously anticipated by many Open Access (OA) advocates. Despite the many advantages that OA offers, this particular branch of E-commerce imposes several formidable barriers to change. A framework conceptualizing these barriers that was developed over a decade ago was revisited to see if the significance of these barriers has changed. Nowadays, building the IT infrastructure, support from indexing services and finding a sustainable business model are no longer important barriers. For gold OA publishing the academic reward system is still a major obstacle, whereas more marketing and critical mass is needed for both gold OA and green OA. Green OA self-archiving is still also strongly affected by what subscription publishers allow. In the overall balance the situation has nevertheless improved significantly.

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        ACRL Makes Entire College & Research Libraries Archive Freely Available

        Posted in ALA, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 15th, 2013

        ACRL has made the entire College & Research Libraries archive freely available.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        "Digitizing the archives of the premier research journal for academic librarianship provides a tremendous new asset for our profession," said ACRL President Steven J. Bell of Temple University. "Creating and sharing this rich resource demonstrates ACRL's ongoing commitment to promote and deliver on the promise of open access. It is a treasure trove of content where the academic librarians of today and tomorrow will delve into our history, understand how we evolved and make new discoveries that could stimulate groundbreaking research and innovation of real benefit to academic librarianship."

        C&RL archival contents from 1939 through 1996 were digitized through the generous volunteer efforts of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library. The library's Digital Content Creation department performed scanning and metadata creation for the approximately 340 back file issues of the journal in 2011 and 2012. The digitized files were added to the journal's online presence with the financial assistance of the ACRL Friends Fund.

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          "Keep the Change: Clusters of Faculty Opinion on Open Access"

          Posted in Open Access on April 11th, 2013

          ACRL has released "Keep the Change: Clusters of Faculty Opinion on Open Access" as part of the ACRL 2013 Proceedings.

          Here's an excerpt:

          In this Q study, factor analysis revealed three distinct factors that outlined clusters of faculty opinions about open access. The authors described these factors as "Evangelists," "Pragmatists," and"Traditionalists." Each of these factors represents a group of faculty on Miami University's Oxford campus who hold specific attitudes and opinions regarding open access. Implications for future library initiatives implementing open access programs, services, and policies are discussed, as are directions for additional research.

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            "Recent Developments in Open Access"

            Posted in Open Access, Publishing on April 10th, 2013

            Arthur Sale has self-archived "Recent Developments in Open Access" in UTAS ePrints.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Open Access to the world's research literature has been an obvious development since the emergence of the Internet. To everyone, it appears clear that the costs of disseminating research could drop dramatically. Yet, progress in achieving it is strangely slow. This paper explores recent developments in open access, including:

            • The recent Australian NH&MRC and ARC mandates for open access deposit in university repositories, and how universities are responding to them
            • The UK&'s Finch Report, and Lord Krebs&' Committee Report
            • Recent USA and German developments
            • Gradual growth in open access journals, and the challenge for universities and their libraries of transferring reader-side fees (subscriptions) to author-side fees (publication charges)
            • The emergence of submission fees so that highly selective journals need not transfer all the costs of rejections onto successful articles
            • Fake conferences and journals which exist only to extract attendance or publication fees
            • Newer publishing models
            • The recent emergence of a third route to open access based on social networking.

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              Sustainability of Open Access Services—Report Phase 3: The Collective Provision of Open Access Resources

              Posted in Digital Repositories, Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on March 29th, 2013

              SPARC has released Sustainability of Open Access Services—Report Phase 3: The Collective Provision of Open Access Resources.

              Here's an excerpt:

              This report is the third in a series which examines issues relating to the economic sustainability of critical infrastructure services that support the operation and growth of open-access dissemination of scholarly and scientific research. This report is intended to guide funders and project planners in constructing and coordinating collective funding models capable of supporting open-access infrastructure resources. The report:

              • reviews the fundamentals of robust sustainability modeling (Section 2);
              • outlines the economic and institutional issues that confront those seeking to sustain free infrastructure services and discusses the implications of free models for an initiative's ability to provide an optimal level of service (Section 3); and
              • identifies strategies for overcoming institutional free ridership in the design of funding models and describes practical mechanisms for coordinating the collective provision of infrastructure services (Section 4).

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                "The Determinants of Open Access Publishing: Survey Evidence from Germany"

                Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on March 28th, 2013

                Thomas Eger, Marc Scheufen, and Daniel Meierrieks have self-archived "The Determinants of Open Access Publishing: Survey Evidence from Germany" in SSRN.

                Here's an excerpt:

                We discuss the results of a survey conducted in fall 2012 and covering 2,151 researchers in Germany. We show that there are significant differences between the scientific disciplines with respect to researcher's awareness of and experience with both open access (OA) journals and self-archiving. Our results reveal that the relevance of OA within a discipline may explain why researchers from particular disciplines do (not) publish OA. Besides, several aspects like copyright law, age, profession or the inherent reward system of a discipline play a role. As a consequence, the paper emphasizes that a "one-size-fits-all" approach as promoted by most recent policy approaches is little promising for providing an effective framework for shaping the future of scholarly publishing.

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                  Open Monograph Press, Release 1.0

                  Posted in E-Books, Open Access, Open Source Software, Publishing, Scholarly Books on March 28th, 2013

                  The Public Knowledge Project has released the Open Monograph Press, Release 1.0.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  OMP is designed to assist university presses, learned societies, and scholar-publishers interested in publishing scholarly books in print-on-demand and multiple electronic formats, whether on an open access or purchase basis. OMP is intended to:

                  • Handle edited volumes, with different authors for each chapter;
                  • Involve editors, authors, reviewers, designers, indexers, and others in book production;
                  • See submission through multiple rounds of both internal and external reviews;
                  • Utilize industry standard ONIX for bookseller metadata requirements (e.g., Amazon);
                  • Create document libraries for submissions, recording contracts, permissions, etc.;
                  • Handle thumbnail covers in Catalog, as well as Spotlight features; and
                  • Enable Series Editors to see books through review to publication.

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                    "Researcher, Beware!"

                    Posted in Grants, Open Access on March 25th, 2013

                    Jan Erik Frantsvåg has published "Researcher, Beware!" in the latest issue of ScieCom info (note: PDFs are in English).

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The Wellcome Trust has not only showed themselves willing to fund OA, they also demand something in return for their funding. Authors are not allowed to use articles that should have been OA, but aren't, in their list of publication when applying for new grants. If the Trust find papers in reports, that do not comply with the OA policy, funding will be withheld. Non-compliant papers will also result in funding renewals or new grants being held back. . . .

                    The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has announced chances to their procedures regarding OA compliance. If non-compliant papers are found in project reports, further payments will be withheld pending evidence of compliance or a satisfactory explanation. . . .

                    The European Union is rewriting their OA policy for Horizon 2010. In Framework Program 7 (FP7), a Special Clause 39, demanding Open Access, was attached to about 20 per cent of funds. In Horizon 2020 all funds will have an OA obligation attached. And while the OA obligation in FP7 had a "best effort" clause in it (enabling you to be let off the hook, if you could document that you had asked for, but been denied, permission to self-archive), Horizon 2020 leaves no escape. If you don't comply, you have not fulfilled your contract. This will lead to funds being withheld.

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                      University of Rhode Island Adopts Open Access Policy

                      Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Self-Archiving on March 25th, 2013

                      The University of Rhode Island has adopted an open access policy.

                      This year, Amherst College, the College of Wooster, Connecticut College, the University of North Carolina at Greensboro Library Faculty, and Wellesley College have all adopted open access policies.

                      (See Peter Suber's Google+ announcements of these policies.)

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                        Entire Editorial Board of Journal of Library Administration Resigns

                        Posted in Author Rights, Copyright, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on March 25th, 2013

                        There have been several reports stating that the editorial board of the Journal of Library Administration has resigned. The Journal of Library Administration is published by Taylor & Francis, which publishes a number of library and information science journals.

                        Here's an excerpt from Brian Mathews's "So I'm Editing This Journal Issue and . . ." in which he quotes an e-mail from Damon Jaggars:

                        "The Board believes that the licensing terms in the Taylor & Francis author agreement are too restrictive and out-of-step with the expectations of authors in the LIS community."

                        "A large and growing number of current and potential authors to JLA have pushed back on the licensing terms included in the Taylor & Francis author agreement. Several authors have refused to publish with the journal under the current licensing terms."

                        "Authors find the author agreement unclear and too restrictive and have repeatedly requested some form of Creative Commons license in its place."

                        "After much discussion, the only alternative presented by Taylor & Francis tied a less restrictive license to a $2995 per article fee to be paid by the author. As you know, this is not a viable licensing option for authors from the LIS community who are generally not conducting research under large grants."

                        "Thus, the Board came to the conclusion that it is not possible to produce a quality journal under the current licensing terms offered by Taylor & Francis and chose to collectively resign."

                        The Editorial Board members are:

                        Damon Jaggars (Editor)
                        Kristin Antelman
                        Chris Bourg
                        Lisa German
                        Fred M. Heath
                        Paula T. Kaufman
                        Deanna B. Marcum
                        Sarah C. Michalak
                        James G. Neal
                        Ann J. Wolpert
                        Makoto Nakamoto
                        Stephen Town

                        Read more about it at "Editorial Board Resigns from T&F Journal to Protest Restrictive Licensing," "The Journal of Library Administration," and "My Short Stint on the JLA Editorial Board."

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