Archive for the 'Open Access' Category

"Science Europe Position Statement: Principles on the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications"

Posted in Digital Repositories, Grants, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 30th, 2013

Science Europe has released "Science Europe Position Statement: Principles on the Transition to Open Access to Research Publications." Science Europe is an "association of 51 European national research organisations."

Here's an excerpt:

Therefore the Science Europe Member Organisations:

  • will continue to support any valid approaches to achieve Open Access, including those commonly referred to as the "green" and "gold" routes; . . . .
  • stress that research publications should either be published in an Open Access journal or be deposited as soon as possible in a repository, and made available in Open Access in all cases no later than six months following first publication. In Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, the delay may need to be longer than six months but must be no more than 12 months; . . .
  • require that funding of Open Access publication fees is part of a transparent cost structure, incorporating a clear picture of publishers' service costs;. . . .
  • stress that the hybrid model, as currently defined and implemented by publishers, is not a working and viable pathway to Open Access. Any model for transition to Open Access supported by Science Europe Member Organisations must prevent "double dipping" and increase cost transparency;

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    "House of Commons Oral Evidence Taken before the Business, Innovation And Skills Committee Open Access"

    Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 25th, 2013

    The UK Parliament has released an uncorrected transcript of "House of Commons Oral Evidence Taken before the Business, Innovation And Skills Committee Open Access."

    Here's an excerpt (below comments by Alicia Wise, Director of Universal Access, Reed Elsevier):

    With the Government's policy that we are all implementing, we will see an increase in the amount of hybrid open-access publishing done at scale. For the open-access components of that hybrid publishing, it is clear that the costs are sustainable through the article-publishing charges. For the subscription part of those titles, the costs continue to need to be covered through the subscription model. If the content is freely available too quickly, there will be no need for libraries to continue to pay those subscription costs. While we have not seen clear evidence of an undermining or cancellation of subscriptions at this point, there is evidence, such as that Audrey referred to, that librarians are watching this space very closely and are very mindful of it. We have also seen that where content is deposited at scale, there can be an erosion of transactional revenues-the pay-per-view business model. Those are very modest components of most of our revenue streams, but again it is a potential early-warning sign.

    See also the video of the session.

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      "Expanded Public Access: A New Era with New Challenges"

      Posted in Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access on April 19th, 2013

      The Association of American Universities, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, and the Association of Research Libraries have released "Expanded Public Access: A New Era with New Challenges."

      Here's an excerpt:

      During a short six-month period, agencies will develop draft plans for how this long-term preservation and access will occur ["Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research"]. Research universities have a significant stake in the plans the Director ultimately approves—universities are responsible to federal research funding agencies for compliance with the regulations attendant to the grants received by their researchers. If we are faced with different deposit requirements for manuscripts and data by each of the 15 and possibly more agencies subject to the directive, the compliance bill could be very expensive and might not reflect the interests of the academy. Given that PubMed Central has established a useful model for deposit of and access to research manuscripts, we can hope that the example of good practice established by them will be drawn upon by other funding agencies as they establish their own public access policies, and that the resultant products interconnect across and between agencies and external stakeholders that promote effective, seamless public access.

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        "Open Access—Are the Barriers to Change Receding?"

        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Self-Archiving on April 16th, 2013

        Bo-Christer Björk has published "Open Access—Are the Barriers to Change Receding?" in Publications.

        Here's an excerpt:

        The move from subscription only publishing of scholarly articles to open access has been much slower than previously anticipated by many Open Access (OA) advocates. Despite the many advantages that OA offers, this particular branch of E-commerce imposes several formidable barriers to change. A framework conceptualizing these barriers that was developed over a decade ago was revisited to see if the significance of these barriers has changed. Nowadays, building the IT infrastructure, support from indexing services and finding a sustainable business model are no longer important barriers. For gold OA publishing the academic reward system is still a major obstacle, whereas more marketing and critical mass is needed for both gold OA and green OA. Green OA self-archiving is still also strongly affected by what subscription publishers allow. In the overall balance the situation has nevertheless improved significantly.

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          ACRL Makes Entire College & Research Libraries Archive Freely Available

          Posted in ALA, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 15th, 2013

          ACRL has made the entire College & Research Libraries archive freely available.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          "Digitizing the archives of the premier research journal for academic librarianship provides a tremendous new asset for our profession," said ACRL President Steven J. Bell of Temple University. "Creating and sharing this rich resource demonstrates ACRL's ongoing commitment to promote and deliver on the promise of open access. It is a treasure trove of content where the academic librarians of today and tomorrow will delve into our history, understand how we evolved and make new discoveries that could stimulate groundbreaking research and innovation of real benefit to academic librarianship."

          C&RL archival contents from 1939 through 1996 were digitized through the generous volunteer efforts of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library. The library's Digital Content Creation department performed scanning and metadata creation for the approximately 340 back file issues of the journal in 2011 and 2012. The digitized files were added to the journal's online presence with the financial assistance of the ACRL Friends Fund.

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            "Keep the Change: Clusters of Faculty Opinion on Open Access"

            Posted in Open Access on April 11th, 2013

            ACRL has released "Keep the Change: Clusters of Faculty Opinion on Open Access" as part of the ACRL 2013 Proceedings.

            Here's an excerpt:

            In this Q study, factor analysis revealed three distinct factors that outlined clusters of faculty opinions about open access. The authors described these factors as "Evangelists," "Pragmatists," and"Traditionalists." Each of these factors represents a group of faculty on Miami University's Oxford campus who hold specific attitudes and opinions regarding open access. Implications for future library initiatives implementing open access programs, services, and policies are discussed, as are directions for additional research.

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              "Recent Developments in Open Access"

              Posted in Open Access, Publishing on April 10th, 2013

              Arthur Sale has self-archived "Recent Developments in Open Access" in UTAS ePrints.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Open Access to the world's research literature has been an obvious development since the emergence of the Internet. To everyone, it appears clear that the costs of disseminating research could drop dramatically. Yet, progress in achieving it is strangely slow. This paper explores recent developments in open access, including:

              • The recent Australian NH&MRC and ARC mandates for open access deposit in university repositories, and how universities are responding to them
              • The UK&'s Finch Report, and Lord Krebs&' Committee Report
              • Recent USA and German developments
              • Gradual growth in open access journals, and the challenge for universities and their libraries of transferring reader-side fees (subscriptions) to author-side fees (publication charges)
              • The emergence of submission fees so that highly selective journals need not transfer all the costs of rejections onto successful articles
              • Fake conferences and journals which exist only to extract attendance or publication fees
              • Newer publishing models
              • The recent emergence of a third route to open access based on social networking.

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                Sustainability of Open Access Services—Report Phase 3: The Collective Provision of Open Access Resources

                Posted in Digital Repositories, Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on March 29th, 2013

                SPARC has released Sustainability of Open Access Services—Report Phase 3: The Collective Provision of Open Access Resources.

                Here's an excerpt:

                This report is the third in a series which examines issues relating to the economic sustainability of critical infrastructure services that support the operation and growth of open-access dissemination of scholarly and scientific research. This report is intended to guide funders and project planners in constructing and coordinating collective funding models capable of supporting open-access infrastructure resources. The report:

                • reviews the fundamentals of robust sustainability modeling (Section 2);
                • outlines the economic and institutional issues that confront those seeking to sustain free infrastructure services and discusses the implications of free models for an initiative's ability to provide an optimal level of service (Section 3); and
                • identifies strategies for overcoming institutional free ridership in the design of funding models and describes practical mechanisms for coordinating the collective provision of infrastructure services (Section 4).

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