Archive for the 'Open Access' Category

"Copyright and the Harvard Open Access Mandate"

Posted in Copyright, Open Access, Self-Archiving on September 10th, 2012

Eric Priest has self-archived "Copyright and the Harvard Open Access Mandate" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

This Article argues that permission mandates can create legally enforceable, durable nonexclusive licenses. First, it argues that although there are important justifications, including academic freedom concerns, for recognizing the controversial “teacher exception” to the work for hire rules for scholarly articles, such an exception may be unnecessary because a strong argument also exists that much scholarship is produced outside the scope of employment for work for hire purposes. Second, it argues that permission mandates provide sufficient evidence of the grantor's intent and the rights granted to create effective nonexclusive licenses. Third, permission mandates satisfy the requirements of § 205(e) and establish the license's priority over the subsequent transfer of copyright ownership largely because they fulfill the underlying purposes of § 205(e) by providing sufficient evidence and notice of the license to potential copyright transferees (typically academic publishers).

| Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography: "This work gives an outstanding overview of scholarship relating to the growing Open Access movement." — George Machovec, The Charleston Advisor 12, no. 2 (2010): 3. | Digital Scholarship |

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    UK Government Allocates £10 Million to Support Open Access

    Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Journals on September 9th, 2012

    The UK Government has allocated £10 million to support open access in UK research universities.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

    The investment will enable a number of research-intensive UK institutions to kick-start the process of developing policies and setting up funds to meet the costs of article processing charges (APCs). This is in line with the recommendations of the Finch report on open access, published in June. . . .

    The investment will be made to 30 institutions receiving funding through Research Councils and UK higher education funding councils. It is in addition to the contribution RCUK will be making to institutions to support payment of APCs associated with open access through block funding grants from 1 April 2013 onwards. More details of this will be announced in the autumn.

    The UK Funding Councils will launch a consultation this autumn on implementing a requirement that research outputs submitted to any future Research Excellence Framework (REF) should be as widely accessible as possible.

    | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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      Researcher Attitudes and Behaviour Towards the ‘Openness’ of Research Outputs in Agriculture and Related Fields

      Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on September 6th, 2012

      Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development has released Researcher Attitudes and Behaviour Towards the 'Openness' of Research Outputs in Agriculture and Related Fields.

      Here's an excerpt:

      An online worldwide survey of researchers in agriculture and related fields was carried out in March 2011 by the CGIAR, FAO and GFAR on behalf of the CIARD (Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development) initiative. The aim of the survey was to gain greater understanding of researcher behaviours and attitudes in relation to communicating research outputs and making such outputs open and accessible. There were almost 1500 responses to the survey, with 50% of respondents identifying that they worked in Latin America and 33% in Africa. The survey analysis shows that, although researchers are driven in their work by many different and interacting motivations, institutional/organizational factors are very important and have much influence over individuals' behaviour. Often, making a research output freely and openly available can be in the hands of the individual, and some will act in this way. However, for many others there are perceived barriers to this, such as the lack of required resources and of institutional policies to drive these activities. Further, current behaviours in choosing routes to communicate research results are still strongly biased toward the traditional routes of publishing in journals and books and appearing at conferences, though the availability and increasing use of digital formats is starting to broaden the spread of communication pathways used. The paper ends with reference to the relevance and importance to the CIARD initiative of the results of the survey.

      | Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals | Digital Scholarship |

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        "Tectonic Movements toward OA in the UK and Europe"

        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on September 5th, 2012

        Peter Suber has published "Tectonic Movements toward OA in the UK and Europe" in the latest issue of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter.

        Here's an excerpt:

        Because this article is long, I'm including a table of contents:

        1. Three major OA announcements from the UK on the same day

        2. Some recent history as context for these announcements

        3. Basics of the new RCUK policy

        4. Basics of the Finch recommendations

        5. General agreement between the RCUK policy and Finch recommendations

        6. Appreciation of the large-scale shift to OA in the UK

        7. Some consequences for journals and authors

        8. Responding to publisher fears of green OA

        9. Objections and recommendations

        10. Announcements from Europe the day after the UK announcements

        | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography: "This bibliography is recommended for everyone interested in open access publishing." — M. Blobaum, Journal of the Medical Library Association 100, no. 1 (2012): 73. | Digital Scholarship |

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          Moving Towards an Open Access Future: The Role of Academic Libraries

          Posted in Libraries, Open Access, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on September 4th, 2012

          Sage has released Moving Towards an Open Access Future: The Role of Academic Libraries.

          Here's an excerpt:

          On 26 April 2012, a group of 14 librarians and other industry experts met together at the British Library to discuss the role of the academic library in an open access (OA) future. The aims of the roundtable were to provide an international perspective on the likely impact of an open access future on librarians, to identify support and skills required for librarians in such a future, and to further current discussion on support for the library community from their institutions, publishers, funders and other parties.

          The group discussed a number of key questions, beginning with setting parameters for what the likely shift towards OA might be in different disciplines and different geographic regions, then considering what the impact of such a shift would mean for the academic library community. This report is a summary of that discussion and the opinions of all participants.

          | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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            Simons Foundation Gives arXiv Multi-Year Operating Grant

            Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Grants, Open Access on August 28th, 2012

            The Simons Foundation has given arXiv a multi-year matching operating grant from 2013 through 2017.

            Here's an excerpt from the press release:

            Thanks to an operating grant from the Simons Foundation, Cornell University Library has helped arXiv take a major step toward sustainability. Beginning in January and running through 2017, the Simons Foundation will provide up to $300,000 per year as a matching gift for the funds generated through arXiv's membership fees. The grant also provides $50,000 per year as an "unconditional gift" that recognizes the Library's stewardship of arXiv. . ..

            The Library has been steering arXiv toward sustainability since January 2010, when it launched an initiative to create a business model that would engage libraries and research laboratories that benefit most from arXiv's service. A 2011 planning grant from Simons Foundation helped arXiv's leaders develop operating principles and establish a governing board for the new model.

            Annual membership fees, paid by voluntary contribution from these institutions, help cover arXiv's costs—and, now, will provide a sum for the Simons Foundation to match.

            The newly established model has garnered partners all over the globe. To date, more than 120 member institutions in over a dozen countries have pledged their support, totaling $285,000. Among the 100 institutions that use arXiv most heavily, nearly three-quarters committed to five-year pledges.

            | Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals | Digital Scholarship |

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              "The Inevitability of Open Access"

              Posted in Open Access on August 27th, 2012

              David W. Lewis has published "The Inevitability of Open Access" in the latest issue of College & Research Libraries.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Open access (OA) is an alternative business model for the publication of scholarly journals. It makes articles freely available to readers on the Internet and covers the costs associated with publication through means other than subscriptions. This article argues that Gold OA, where all of the articles of a journal are available at the time of publication, is a disruptive innovation as defined by business theorist Clayton Christensen. Using methods described by Christensen, we can predict the growth of Gold OA. This analysis suggests that Gold OA could account for 50 percent of the scholarly journal articles sometime between 2017 and 2021, and 90 percent of articles as soon as 2020 and more conservatively by 2025.

              | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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                Wiley Open Access Program Adopts Creative Commons Attribution Licence

                Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on August 14th, 2012

                Effective immediately, journals in the Wiley Open Access program will use the Creative Commons Attribution Licence for articles.

                Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                Rachel Burley, Vice President and Director, Open Access, commented, "Wiley is committed to meeting the evolving needs of the authors who wish to provide open access to the published articles that convey the results of their research."

                Burley continued, "Our announcement today concerns Wiley’s fully open access journals. We are also reviewing the licensing arrangements for our hybrid program OnlineOpen, our open access option for individual articles published in subscription journals. In consultation with our publishing partners, we aim to continue to develop and deliver sustainable open access products providing author choice and high levels of service."

                In the first instance, the journals moving to the CC-BY licence are Brain and Behavior, Ecology and Evolution, MicrobiologyOpen, Cancer Medicine, Food Science & Nutrition, Evolutionary Applications, Geoscience Data Journal and EMBO Molecular Medicine.

                | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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