Archive for the 'Privacy' Category

"Four Facets of Privacy and Intellectual Freedom in Licensing Contracts for Electronic Journals"

Posted in Licenses, Privacy, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 30th, 2015

Alan Rubel and Mei Zhang have published "Four Facets of Privacy and Intellectual Freedom in Licensing Contracts for Electronic Journals" in College & Research Libraries.

Here's an excerpt:

This is a study of the treatment of library patron privacy in licenses for electronic journals in academic libraries. We begin by distinguishing four facets of privacy and intellectual freedom based on the LIS and philosophical literature. Next, we perform a content analysis of 42 license agreements for electronic journals, focusing on terms for enforcing authorized use and collection and sharing of user data. We compare our findings to model licenses, to recommendations proposed in a recent treatise on licenses, and to our account of the four facets of intellectual freedom. We find important conflicts with each.

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"Privacy by Design and the Online Library Environment"

Posted in Privacy, Research Libraries on November 20th, 2014

Dan Blum has published "Privacy by Design and the Online Library Environment" in Information Standards Quarterly.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper focuses on ways that libraries can incorporate advanced identity management concepts within the Privacy By Design framework to meet their needs as they continue their transition from the brick, mortar, and paper era to an era of mixed physical and digital content. In order to add value over and above what researchers can find with search engines and freely available content on the Internet, libraries must excel at supporting both ordinary knowledge seekers and academic researchers in fulfilling their content-and collaboration-related needs. Increasingly, libraries must support a seamless, personalized, and collaborative experience for diverse audiences across the full lifecycle from content discovery to content delivery while at the same time protecting patrons' privacy and intellectual property prerogatives.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Public Perceptions of Privacy and Security in the Post-Snowden Era

Posted in Privacy, Reports and White Papers on November 13th, 2014

The Pew Research Center has released Public Perceptions of Privacy and Security in the Post-Snowden Era.

Here's an excerpt:

Privacy evokes a constellation of concepts for Americans-some of them tied to traditional notions of civil liberties and some of them driven by concerns about the surveillance of digital communications and the coming era of "big data." While Americans' associations with the topic of privacy are varied, the majority of adults in a new survey by the Pew Research Center feel that their privacy is being challenged along such core dimensions as the security of their personal information and their ability to retain confidentiality.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Teens and Mobile Apps Privacy

Posted in Digital Culture, Privacy on August 23rd, 2013

The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released Teens and Mobile Apps Privacy.

Here's an excerpt:

Here are some of the key findings in a new survey of U.S. teens ages 12-17:

  • 58% of all teens have downloaded apps to their cell phone or tablet computer.
  • 51% of teen apps users have avoided certain apps due to privacy concerns.
  • 26% of teen apps users have uninstalled an app because they learned it was collecting personal information that they didn't wish to share.
  • 46% of teen apps users have turned off location tracking features on their cell phone or in an app because they were worried about the privacy of their information.

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Riding the Waves or Caught in the Tide? Insights from the IFLA Trend Report

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Libraries, Privacy, Research Libraries on August 20th, 2013

IFLA has released Riding the Waves or Caught in the Tide? Insights from the IFLA Trend Report.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

In the global information environment, time moves quickly and there's an abundance of commentators trying to keep up. With each new technological development, a new report emerges assessing its impact on different sectors of society. The IFLA Trend Report takes a broader approach and identifies five high level trends shaping the information society, spanning access to education, privacy, civic engagement and transformation. Its findings reflect a year's consultation with a range of experts and stakeholders from different disciplines to map broader societal changes occurring, or likely to occur in the information environment.

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"Private But Eventually Public: Why Copyright in Unpublished Works Matters in the Digital Age"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Privacy on April 18th, 2013

Damien McCallig has published "Private But Eventually Public: Why Copyright in Unpublished Works Matters in the Digital Age" in the latest issue of SCRIPTed.

Here's an excerpt:

Digital life is no longer only concerned with online communication between living individuals; it now encompasses post-death phenomena of inheritance, legacy, mourning and further uses of our digital remains. Scholars and practitioners seeking an appropriate legal theory to claim, control and recover the digital remains of the dead and protect post-mortem privacy interests have identified copyright as a possible surrogate.

This article explores the links between copyright and privacy in unpublished works. It charts the historical development of perpetual copyright protection in unpublished works, reviews the reasons why perpetual protection for unpublished works has been abolished and analyses some of the privacy impacts of these changes. It argues that without perpetual copyright protection and the surrogate privacy protections in unpublished works, the fear that one's digital remains will eventually be opened to societal scrutiny may lead to the fettering of personal and private communication, while alive, and may promote the deletion of one's digital remains in contemplation of death.

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The Right to Be Forgotten—Between Expectations and Practice

Posted in Privacy, Reports and White Papers on December 10th, 2012

The European Network and Information Security Agency has released The Right to Be Forgotten—Between Expectations and Practice.

Here's an excerpt:

The right to be forgotten is included in the proposed regulation on data protection published by the European Commission in January 20121. The regulation is still to be adopted by the European Parliament for entering into force. The different legal aspects of the right to be forgotten (i.e. right to erasure or right to oblivion) have been debated in different contexts and are beyond the scope of this paper. With this paper we aim to cover other facets of the right to be forgotten. We focus on the technical means to enforce or support the right in information systems; as can be seen from this paper, there are technical limitations and there is a further need for clear definitions and legal clarifications.

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"Who’s Tracking Your Reading Habits? An E-Book Buyer’s Guide to Privacy, 2012 Edition"

Posted in E-Books, Privacy, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on November 30th, 2012

The EFF has released "Who's Tracking Your Reading Habits? An E-Book Buyer's Guide to Privacy, 2012 Edition."

Here's an excerpt:

As we've done since 2009, again we've taken some of the most popular e-book platforms and combed through their privacy policies for answers to common privacy questions that users deserve to know. In many cases, these answers were frustratingly vague and long-winded. In nearly all cases, reading e-books means giving up more privacy than browsing through a physical bookstore or library, or reading a paper book in your own home. Here, we've examined the policies of Google Books, Amazon Kindle, Barnes & Noble Nook, Kobo, Sony, Overdrive, Indiebound, Internet Archive, and Adobe Content Server for answers to the following questions:

  • Can they keep track of searches for books?
  • Can they monitor what you're reading and how you're reading it after purchase and link that information back to you? Can they do that when the e-book is obtained elsewhere?
  • What compatibility does the device have with books not purchased from an associated eBook store?
  • Do they keep a record of book purchases? Can they track book purchases or acquisitions made from other sources?
  • With whom can they share the information collected in non-aggregated form?
  • Do they have mechanisms for customers to access, correct, or delete the information?
  • Can they share information outside the company without the customer's consent?

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"The Web Privacy Census," June 2012

Posted in Privacy on June 27th, 2012

The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology has released "The Web Privacy Census," June 2012.

Here's an excerpt:

In this report, we discuss the results of a crawl conducted on 5/17/12. We found cookies on all popular websites (by "popular websites," we mean the top 100 most popular according to Quantcast). We conduct two different crawls—a shallow one where our test browser just visits the homepage of a site, and a deep crawl where our browser visits six links on a site. Our shallow crawl of the 25,000 most popular sites revealed that 87% have cookies (24% first, 76% third), 9% had HTML5 storage objects, and less than .0001% had flash cookies. Twenty-five percent of cookies include names such as "UID" and "GUID", suggesting that they are used for uniquely identifying users. Overall, we found that flash cookie usage is dropping and HTML5 storage use is rising and at least one tracker is using HTML5 local storage to hold unique identifiers from third party cookies.

| Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog | Digital Scholarship |

ALA Action Alert: Cybersecurity Information Sharing and Protection Act of 2011

Posted in ALA, Legislation and Government Regulation, Privacy on April 17th, 2012

The American Library Association has issued an action alert regarding the Cybersecurity Information Sharing and Protection Act of 2011.

Here's an excerpt:

Please call and ask your U.S. Representative to OPPOSE H.R. 3523, The Cybersecurity Information Sharing and Protection Act of 2011 or CISPA, one of several bills to be considered in the U.S. House of Representatives during "Cybersecurity Week" starting April 23, 2012.

ALA is concerned that essentially all private electronic communications could be obtained by the government and used for many purposes—and not just for cybersecurity activities. H.R. 3523 would permit, even require ISPs and other entities to monitor all electronic communications and share personal information with the government without effective oversight just by claiming the sharing is for "cybersecurity purposes"

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"The Privacy Implications of Digital Preservation: Social Media Archives and the Social Networks Theory of Privacy"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Privacy, Social Media/Web 2.0 on March 27th, 2012

Jasmine E. McNealy has self-archived "The Privacy Implications of Digital Preservation: Social Media Archives and the Social Networks Theory of Privacy" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper seeks to analyze whether SNS [Social Networking Sites] users can claim a right to privacy with respect to their online communications. To do so, this paper will examine the privacy implications of the LOC Twitter archive in light of Strahilevitz's social network theory of privacy. First, this article briefly discusses the LOC Twitter archive. Next, this article explores the online networking phenomenon and the privacy implications associated with social media. Third, this article examines privacy, in particular Strahilevitz's social networks theory of privacy. Part four analyzes whether a challenge to the LOC Twitter archive based on a theory of invasion of privacy by public disclosure of private facts or intrusion would succeed under the social network theory of privacy. This article concludes with considerations for digital archives in relation to protecting personal privacy.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

EFF Issues "Mobile User Privacy Bill of Rights"

Posted in Privacy on March 5th, 2012

The Electronic Frontier Foundation has issued a "Mobile User Privacy Bill of Rights".

Here's an excerpt:

Mobile smartphone apps represent a powerful technology that will only become more important in the years to come. But the unique advantages of the smartphone as a platform—a device that's always on and connected, with access to real world information like user location or camera and microphone input—also raise privacy challenges. . . .

Fortunately, frameworks exist for understanding the privacy rights and expectations of the users. The following guide of best practices pulls from documents like EFF's Bill of Privacy Rights for Social Network Users and the recently released White House white paper "Consumer Data Privacy in a Networked World" to set a baseline for what mobile industry players must do to respect user privacy.

| Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

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