Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

The Right to Be Forgotten—Between Expectations and Practice

Posted in Privacy, Reports and White Papers on December 10th, 2012

The European Network and Information Security Agency has released The Right to Be Forgotten—Between Expectations and Practice.

Here's an excerpt:

The right to be forgotten is included in the proposed regulation on data protection published by the European Commission in January 20121. The regulation is still to be adopted by the European Parliament for entering into force. The different legal aspects of the right to be forgotten (i.e. right to erasure or right to oblivion) have been debated in different contexts and are beyond the scope of this paper. With this paper we aim to cover other facets of the right to be forgotten. We focus on the technical means to enforce or support the right in information systems; as can be seen from this paper, there are technical limitations and there is a further need for clear definitions and legal clarifications.

| Digital Scholarship's 2012 Publications | Digital Scholarship |

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    "Contribution to the Definition of a Positive Agenda for the Public Domain: A Policy Paper by COMMUNIA International Association on the Public Domain"

    Posted in Copyright, Public Domain, Reports and White Papers on December 6th, 2012

    COMMUNIA has released "Contribution to the Definition of a Positive Agenda for the Public Domain: A Policy Paper by COMMUNIA International Association on the Public Domain."

    Here's an excerpt:

    This policy paper proposes to contribute to defining a positive agenda for the Public Domain. It is grounded on a WIPO study by Professor Sèverine Dusollier, Communia policy recommendations and Communia previous WIPO statements. This work-in-progress document presents policy recommendations and strategies aimed at the trans-national level , namely WIPO CDIP and SCCR. Legal language will be drafted at a later stage.

    Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals Cover

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      "Who’s Tracking Your Reading Habits? An E-Book Buyer’s Guide to Privacy, 2012 Edition"

      Posted in E-Books, Privacy, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on November 30th, 2012

      The EFF has released "Who's Tracking Your Reading Habits? An E-Book Buyer's Guide to Privacy, 2012 Edition."

      Here's an excerpt:

      As we've done since 2009, again we've taken some of the most popular e-book platforms and combed through their privacy policies for answers to common privacy questions that users deserve to know. In many cases, these answers were frustratingly vague and long-winded. In nearly all cases, reading e-books means giving up more privacy than browsing through a physical bookstore or library, or reading a paper book in your own home. Here, we've examined the policies of Google Books, Amazon Kindle, Barnes & Noble Nook, Kobo, Sony, Overdrive, Indiebound, Internet Archive, and Adobe Content Server for answers to the following questions:

      • Can they keep track of searches for books?
      • Can they monitor what you're reading and how you're reading it after purchase and link that information back to you? Can they do that when the e-book is obtained elsewhere?
      • What compatibility does the device have with books not purchased from an associated eBook store?
      • Do they keep a record of book purchases? Can they track book purchases or acquisitions made from other sources?
      • With whom can they share the information collected in non-aggregated form?
      • Do they have mechanisms for customers to access, correct, or delete the information?
      • Can they share information outside the company without the customer's consent?

      | Digital Scholarship's Digital/Print Books | Digital Scholarship |

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        Academic Libraries and Research Data Services: Current Practices and Plans for the Future

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on November 28th, 2012

        ARCL has released Academic Libraries and Research Data Services: Current Practices and Plans for the Future.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This study surveyed a cross section of academic library members of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) in the United States and Canada to provide a baseline assessment of the current state of and future plans for research data services in academic libraries in these countries.

        Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works Cover

        | Digital Scholarship | Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works |

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          The Potential Role for Intermediaries in Managing the Payment of Open Access Article Processing Charges (APCs)

          Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on November 28th, 2012

          JISC has released The Potential Role for Intermediaries in Managing the Payment of Open Access Article Processing Charges (APCs).

          Here's an excerpt:

          This report examines the operational challenges that universities, funders and publishers face in the UK relating to the payment of article processing charges (APCs)—the charges levied by the publishers of open access and hybrid journals to meet the costs of the publication process. It then examines the feasibility of using intermediaries of various kinds to provide services to aggregate payments as between universities and publishers, along with other services relating to the processes involved in ensuring that an article is published on open access terms. . . .

          We conclude as a result of our work that with a very few exceptions, the systems and processes currently associated with the payment of APCs are sub-optimal, and could present a significant barrier to the wider adoption of open access publishing.

          Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography Cover

          | Digital Scholarship | Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography |

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            Status and Outlook for University of Michigan Research Profile Data Strategy

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on November 26th, 2012

            Natsuko Nicholls has self-archived Status and Outlook for University of Michigan Research Profile Data Strategy in Deep Blue.

            Here's an excerpt:

            My investigation into various faculty expertise efforts and activities across institutions shows that many universities have not yet developed or adopted a centralized, comprehensive university-wide system for expertise data collection and activity reporting. There is still substantial variation in procedures across departments and colleges within institutions and considerable duplication of effort across campus units. However, it is indeed the recent trend that many institutions—including the University of Michigan—have actively engaged in campus-wide discussions about research profile data curation needs, concluding that a more centralized system would provide incentives for timely data-entry, guarantee currency of the expertise data, and increase overall efficiency and data quality. This study also sheds light on the role of the academic library as an important stakeholder in expertise data collection and management. My findings suggest that various attributes of an academic library make it an ideal driver for research profile data management. The academic library is a strong resource for information technology expertise as well as information management and dissemination at any institution. Further, it tends to be a neutral and trusted entity, especially with employees who regularly engage with researchers and have a good understanding of the academic landscape and the needs of the research community. In addition to providing an overview of the research landscape where profiling needs are quickly rising and where benefits from a well-managed profile data system are widely understood, this study also illuminates the conventional use of expertise databases and research networking/discovery tools as well as Current Research Information Systems (CRIS).

            | Research Data Curation Bibliography | Digital Scholarship |

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              DOAB User Needs Analysis—Final Report

              Posted in E-Books, Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on November 19th, 2012

              The Directory of Open Access Books has released the DOAB User Needs Analysis—Final Report.

              Here's an excerpt:

              This final evaluation and recommendation report is based on the user experiences, needs, and expectations as they emerged from the qualitative components (survey, workshop and online discussion platform) that were used to conduct the DOAB User Needs Analysis. This final public report, intended for the wider academic and publishing community, aims to advise in the establishment of procedures, criteria and standards concerning the set-up and functioning of the DOAB platform and service and to devise guidelines and recommendations for admissions to DOAB and for its further development, sustainability and implementation.

              Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography Cover

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                Republican Study Committee Released Progressive Copyright Brief Then Withdrew It

                Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Reports and White Papers on November 19th, 2012

                The Republican Study Committee released “Three Myths about Copyright Law and Where to Start to Fix it,” which attracted immediate attention due to its progressive view of copyright. Now, the brief's PDF is blank.

                However, in “Republican Report: 3 Myths of Copyright, Quashed by MPAA and RIAA,” Ash McGonigal provides a working link to the full text in addition to a recap of the situation.

                | Digital Scholarship |

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                  How Readers Discover Content in Scholarly Journals: Summary Edition

                  Posted in Electronic Resources, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on November 15th, 2012

                  Renew Training has released How Readers Discover Content in Scholarly Journals: Summary Edition.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  This summary report is the output of a large scale survey of journal readers (n=19064) about journal content discovery conducted during May, June and July of 2102.

                  | Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog | Digital Scholarship |

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                    Changing Role of Senior Administrators, SPEC Kit 331

                    Posted in ARL Libraries, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on November 14th, 2012

                    ARL has released the Changing Role of Senior Administrators, SPEC Kit 331.

                    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                    The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has published Changing Role of Senior Administrators, SPEC Kit 331, which focuses on the professional, administrative, and management positions that report directly to the library director (or, in some ARL member libraries, the position that serves as the representative to the Association), positions that have not been examined by a SPEC survey since 1984. This SPEC Kit explores the responsibilities of these positions, and the skills, qualifications, and competencies necessary for these administrators to successfully lead a transforming 21st-century research library. The publication looks at whether and how position requirements have changed in the past five years, whether the number of direct reports has changed, whether these administrators have assumed new areas of organizational responsibility, and how they acquire the new skills to fulfill those responsibilities.

                    | Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications | Digital Scholarship |

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                      FOSS Accessibility Tools for Libraries: Step-by-Step Guide

                      Posted in Electronic Resources, Reports and White Papers on November 6th, 2012

                      EIFL has released the FOSS Accessibility Tools for Libraries: Step-by-Step Guide.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      Using technology appropriately can enhance the library experience for all users, but is particularly significant for users with disabilities. Creating electronic resources as accessibly as possible is a useful starting point, but for some users specific technologies will be needed to access those resources. There are many FOSS tools available to support library users with a variety of needs, ranging from those with visual impairment or blindness, to users with dyslexia or who have difficulty using a mouse, or simply users who have limited reading ability or prefer to listen to text than read it on-screen. Most librarians are not specialists in this area and can be discouraged by the sheer number and variety of FOSS tools available to support disabled users. This is why EIFL have created a step-by-step guide to some of the most helpful and easy-to-use tools.

                      | Digital Scholarship's Digital/Print Books | Digital Scholarship |

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                        How Teens Do Research in the Digital World

                        Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on November 5th, 2012

                        The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released How Teens Do Research in the Digital World.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        • Virtually all (99%) AP and NWP teachers in this study agree with the notion that "the internet enables students to access a wider range of resources than would otherwise be available," and 65% agree that "the internet makes today's students more self-sufficient researchers."
                        • At the same time, 76% of teachers surveyed "strongly agree" with the assertion that internet search engines have conditioned students to expect to be able to find information quickly and easily.
                        • Large majorities also agree with the notion that the amount of information available online today is overwhelming to most students (83%) and that today's digital technologies discourage students from using a wide range of sources when conducting research (71%).
                        • Fewer teachers, but still a majority of this sample (60%), agree with the assertion that today's technologies make it harder for students to find credible sources of information.

                        | Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications | Digital Scholarship |

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