Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

DCEP Final Report; Centuries of Knowledge: Graduate School of Library and Information Science Data Curation Education Program

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Information Schools, Reports and White Papers on May 14th, 2012

Melissa H. Cragin et al. have self-archived the DCEP Final Report; Centuries of Knowledge: Graduate School of Library and Information Science Data Curation Education Program in IDEALS.

Here's an excerpt:

The Centuries of Knowledge grant was designed to increase educational and research capacity in data curation at the Graduate School of Library and Information Science (GSLIS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. We developed the Data Curation Education Program, a specialization within our Master of Science degree program, graduating 38 students to date. New courses developed for the specialization include Foundations of Data Curation, a survey course on the emerging field, and Digital Preservation. We developed the Summer Institute on Data Curation for practicing information professionals, facilitating the development of a community of practice across U.S. and Canadian academic and research organizations. Our outreach and service activities have led to a range of new partnerships that have resulted in student fieldwork opportunities, as well as new collaborative research and education activities resulting in 4 successful grant proposals.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

Lasting Impact: Sustainability of Disciplinary Repositories

Posted in Digital Repositories, Disciplinary Archives, Institutional Repositories, OCLC, Reports and White Papers on May 13th, 2012

OCLC Research has released Lasting Impact: Sustainability of Disciplinary Repositories.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

This report offers a quick environmental scan of the repository landscape and then focuses on disciplinary repositories—those subject-based, often researcher-initiated loci for research information.

Written by Senior Program Officer Ricky Erway, Lasting Impact: Sustainability of Disciplinary Repositories is intended to help librarians support researchers in accessing and disseminating research information. The report includes profiles of seven repositories with a focus on their varied business models. It concludes with a discussion of sustainability, including funding models, factors that contribute to a repository's success, and ways to bring in additional revenue.

| Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

Delivering Web to Mobile

Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers, Social Media/Web 2.0 on May 10th, 2012

JISC has released Delivering Web to Mobile.

Here's an excerpt:

This report looks at the growth of mobile, the state of the Web and gives an overview of approaches to delivering content and services optimised for the mobile context. This includes approaches to Web design for responsive sites, leveraging access to device functions and capabilities and the use of Web technologies to build mobile applications.

| Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010: "This bibliography portal demonstrates that citation lists continue to play a role in research, in spite of the availability of powerful Web and digital library search engines and the near-extinction of print bibliography publishing. Summing Up: Recommended." — J. A. Buczynski, Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries 45, no. 1 (1997): 58. | Digital Scholarship |

Public Domain: Communia Final Report

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain, Reports and White Papers on May 10th, 2012

The Communia has released the Communia Final Report.

Here's an excerpt:

This Public[3] Report is the outcome of the work of the COMMUNIA Network on the Digital Public Domain (hereinafter "COMMUNIA"). This Report was undertaken to (i) review the activities of COMMUNIA; (ii) investigate the state of the digital public domain in Europe; and (iii) recommend policy strategies for enhancing a healthy public domain and making digital content in Europe more accessible and usable.

| Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog | Digital Scholarship |

Persistent Identifiers Interoperability Framework

Posted in Metadata, Reports and White Papers on May 8th, 2012

The Alliance for Permanent Access to the Records of Science Network has released Persistent Identifiers Interoperability Framework.

Here's an excerpt:

This work aims to investigate the interoperability issues between PIs [Persistent Identifiers] and proposes a general Interoperability Framework (IF) as a starting point to design new solutions to support interoperability. . . .

Some notable solutions for identifying digital resources have been proposed in different domains like Libraries, Publishers, Science, and several standards are currently at a mature stage of development (e.g. DOI, Handle, NBN, ARK, Scopus Id, ResearcherId, VIAF, etc.) , but significant weak points still remain making persistent identification a complex problem which involves a large number of stakeholders who sometimes have opposing views on many of the issues that need to be addressed.

Since the PI field is a fragmentary landscape and a unique global identification solution is far from being adopted, the challenge is to establish an IF among the current PI solutions to enable the persistent access, reuse and exchange of information through the use of existing identifiers and associated resources across different systems, locations and services.

To tackle this challenge this work provides a Reference Model to support PI Domains (PID) in providing their PI-resource associations with a shared semantic model, enabling new services to discover new relationships and make inferences on digital resources.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

Open Access: Interagency Public Access Coordination: A Report to Congress on the Coordination of Policies Related to the Dissemination and Long-Term Stewardship of the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research

Posted in Open Access, Open Science, Reports and White Papers on May 8th, 2012

The Executive Office of the President's National Science and Technology Council has released Interagency Public Access Coordination: A Report to Congress on the Coordination of Policies Related to the Dissemination and Long-Term Stewardship of the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research.

Here's an excerpt:

To summarize, the Administration been working on issues related to the management of and access to the results of federally funded scientific research. In accordance with ACRA, OSTP established the Task Force on Public Access to Scholarly Publications and re-chartered the Interagency Working Group on Digital Data under the NSTC CoS. Those groups are evaluating objectives for increasing access to and improving the management of the results of federally funded scientific research.

Three RFI's have been issued, two on public access to scholarly publications and one on the management of digital data. Responses to those RFIs are being analyzed now, but initial results show strong public support for increasing access to scholarly publications describing the results of federally funded research and for improving scientific data management and access. The NSTC groups are continuing to consider the public comments received from the RFIs and how they should be incorporated into the objectives required by ACRA. Once they have finalized their decisions, the objectives of all three groups will be combined and presented to the CoS. There, agency leadership will consider implementation options. In addition, the CoS will help prioritize the remaining responsibilities as described in ACRA Section 103 including further public consultation and international outreach necessary for developing agency-specific policies.

| Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography: "This bibliography is recommended for everyone interested in open access publishing." — M. Blobaum, Journal of the Medical Library Association 100, no. 1 (2012): 73. | Digital Scholarship |

Persistent Digital Archives and Library System: Final Project Report to the Library of Congress, April 19, 2012

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 7th, 2012

The PeDALS project has released Persistent Digital Archives and Library System: Final Project Report to the Library of Congress, April 19, 2012 .

Here's an excerpt:

The Persistent Digital Archives and Library System (PeDALS) research project was funded by the Library of Congress' National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program as part of its Preserving State Government Information initiative. The project explored the development of a curatorial rationale to support an automated workflow to process collections of digital publications and records, specifically using Microsoft BizTalk Server middleware to manage the collections and rules-based processes for their ingest. PeDALS also examined the practicality of Stanford University's LOCKSS, or Lots of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe, storage networks as an effective and inexpensive method of distributed preservation. In addition to those technical goals, PeDALS worked at building a community of shared practice among its partner states in the hopes that shared software development and best practices would foster a system that could be applied to a variety of repositories.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 | Digital Scholarship |

Benefits of Open Access to Scholarly Research for Voluntary and Charitable Sector Organisations

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on May 3rd, 2012

JISC has released Benefits of Open Access to Scholarly Research for Voluntary and Charitable Sector Organisations.

Here's an excerpt:

We have learned in this study that the voluntary and charitable sector has an appetite and need for scholarly research that it cannot currently satisfy. The organisations contributing to the study have described the importance of research to the voluntary and charitable sector's commitment to playing its very distinctive role in the most effective way it can. In scoping interviews, case studies and survey responses, VCOs have identified a consistent set of barriers to accessing research. They have shown too that they are creative and resourceful, finding ways to overcome these barriers some of which might place them on or over the border of copyright infringement. We do not think that VCOs should be put in the position of having to choose between what is legally permitted and what they feel is ethically required of them in order to fulfil their charitable objectives. We think too that if the VCS is being asked to expand its role and play an increasing part in delivering public services, then access to research is essential. In this final chapter, we provide some recommendations which, we hope, will go some way to widening the voluntary and charitable sector's access to scholarly research outputs.

| Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals: This is an excellent resource for its extensive background documentation of the open access arguments and issues. — Ann Jensen, Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, no. 43 (2005) | Digital Scholarship |

Benefits of Open Access to Scholarly Research to the Public Sector

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on May 3rd, 2012

JISC has released Benefits of Open Access to Scholarly Research to the Public Sector.

Here's an excerpt:

The total cost to the public sector of accessing journal papers is around £135 million per annum. The savings that accrue from the availability of Open Access articles (using both Green and Gold routes) amount to £28.6 million (£26 million in access fees and £2.6 million in time savings).

Extending the number or articles available through Open Access further increases the potential for savings. Each extra 5% of journal papers accessed via Open Access would save the public sector £1.7 million, even if no subscription fees were to be saved. Increasing the number of journal papers accessed through Open Access to 25% would save the public sector an extra £29 million.

| Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography: "This work gives an outstanding overview of scholarship relating to the growing Open Access movement." — George Machovec, The Charleston Advisor 12, no. 2 (2010): 3. | Digital Scholarship |

Report on Peer Review of Digital Repositories

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on May 2nd, 2012

The Alliance for Permanent Access to the Records of Science Network has released the Report on Peer Review of Digital Repositories.

Here's an excerpt:

This document reports on the work which has been undertaken in support of the European Framework for Audit and Certification of Digital Repositories which was initiated by the European Commission's unit which funds APARSEN. . . .

The main part of this report provides details of the test audits which were carried out, the problems encountered and the lessons learned. The European repositories were the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB), Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS), UK Data Archive (UKDA), Centre Informatique National de l'Enseignement Supérieur: Département Archivage et Diffusion (CINES-DAD) and in addition, in the USA, the Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) at the Center for Earth Science Information, the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) and the Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives (KDLA).

| Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 | Digital Scholarship |

Report on Peer Review of Research Data in Scholarly Communication

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on May 2nd, 2012

The Alliance for Permanent Access to the Records of Science Network has released the Report on Peer Review of Research Data in Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

This report documents ideas, attitudes, developments and discussion concerning quality assurance of research data. The focus is on action taken by scientists, e-infrastructure providers and scientific journals. Their measures are documented and categorized. Future fields of research are to be described based on this work.

| Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010: "If you're looking for a reading list that will keep you busy from now until the end of time, this is your one-stop shop for all things digital preservation." — "Digital Preservation Reading List," Preservation Services at Dartmouth College weblog, February 21, 2012. | Digital Scholarship |

Know Your Limits: Considering the Role of Data Caps and Usage Based Billing in Internet Access Service

Posted in Digital Culture, Net Neutrality, Reports and White Papers on April 29th, 2012

Public Knowledge has released Know Your Limits: Considering the Role of Data Caps and Usage Based Billing in Internet Access Service by Andrew Odlyzko, Bill St. Arnaud, Erik Stallman; and Michael Weinberg.

Here's an excerpt:

Regardless of the motivation driving its implementation, usage-based pricing has the potential to significantly impact how networks are designed and used. This, in turn, impacts the innovation that relies on those networks. Before deciding if and when usage-based pricing is desirable, it is critical to fully understand the history of usage-based pricing, how it impacts markets, and both the benefits and harms that such a model can bring.

This paper aims to explain the basic issues surrounding usage-based versus flat-rate pricing. Section I examines the trend towards usage-based pricing in both the wired and wireless markets. Section II then considers the benefits and justifications for using usage-based pricing. This is followed in Section III by a review of the history and economics of flat rate pricing. Since broadband access is central to so many national and societal goals, the penultimate section—Section IV—discusses the problems that might be caused by usage-based pricing. Finally, we end with a series of conclusions and recommendations for responsible implementation of usage-based pricing.

| Reviews of Digital Scholarship Publications | Digital Scholarship |


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