Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 24th, 2014

The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The goal of the survey was to better understand the landscape of web archiving activities in the U.S. by investigating the organizations involved, the history and scope of their web archiving programs, the types of web content being preserved, the tools and services being used, access and discovery services being provided and overall policies related to web archiving programs. While this survey documents the current state of U.S. web archiving initiatives, comparison with the results of the 2011-2012 survey enables an analysis of emerging trends. The report therefore describes the current state of the field, tracks the evolution of the field over the last few years, and forecasts future activities and developments.

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    NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition

    Posted in Emerging Technologies, Libraries, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on August 22nd, 2014

    NMC has released the NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition.

    Here’s an excerpt from the press release:

    The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition, examines key trends, significant challenges, and emerging technologies for their potential impact on academic and research libraries worldwide. While there are many local factors affecting libraries, there are also issues that transcend regional boundaries and common questions; it was with these questions in mind that this report was created.

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      Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights

      Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on June 27th, 2014

      The European Commission has released Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights.

      Here's an excerpt from the summary:

      The first part of the study is the report by Charles River Associates "Assessing the economic impacts of adapting certain limitations and exceptions to copyright and related rights in the EU" (Langus et al., 2013, henceforth "CRA Methodology Report"), which establishes a methodology to assess exceptions and limitations to copyright. . . .

      In turn, the present report uses the aforementioned methodology to assess the economic impacts of specific policy options in several topics of interest, in view of providing policy guidance on these topics. This report focuses on the following topics:

      • Digital preservation by cultural heritage and educational institutions;
      • The provision of remote access by cultural heritage and educational institutions to their collections for the benefit of their patrons;
      • E-lending by publicly accessible libraries;
      • Text and data mining for the purpose of scientific research;
      • Reproductions made by natural persons for private uses.

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        The Evolving Scholarly Record

        Posted in Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Communication on June 6th, 2014

        OCLC Research has released The Evolving Scholarly Record.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        Here's an excerpt:

        Key highlights:

        • A confluence of trends is accelerating changes to the scholarly record's content and stakeholder roles.
        • Scholarly outcomes are contextualized by materials generated in the process and aftermath of scholarly inquiry.
        • The research process generates materials covering methods employed, evidence used, and formative discussion.
        • The research aftermath generates materials covering discussion, revision, and reuse of scholarly outcomes.
        • The scholarly record is evolving to have greater emphasis on collecting and curating context of scholarly inquiry.
        • The scholarly record's stakeholder ecosystem encompasses four key roles: create, fix, collect, and use.
        • The stakeholder ecosystem supports thinking about how roles are reconfigured as the scholarly record evolves.

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          Canadian Researchers’ Publishing Attitudes and Behaviours

          Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on May 16th, 2014

          Canadian Science Publishing has released Canadian Researchers' Publishing Attitudes and Behaviours.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          Some key findings described in the report:

          • Researchers agree with principle, not cost, of open access (OA)
          • Almost half of the researchers reported publishing more than half of their research in open access format in past 2 years, yet availability of open access was 8 times less important than impact factor and 13 times less important than journal reputation when selecting a journal
          • For those who have published OA, institutions and tri-agency funding typically cover cost, yet many researchers indicated they did not know whether Canada's major funding bodies support OA
          • Peer review, reach, and discoverability are considered most important journal features
          • Use of repositories differs widely across disciplines
          • Laboratory/institutional blogs or websites and social media are increasingly being used for research dissemination

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            The Internet of Things Will Thrive by 2025

            Posted in Digital Culture, Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on May 15th, 2014

            The Pew Research Center has released The Internet of Things Will Thrive by 2025.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This current report is an analysis of opinions about the likely expansion of the Internet of Things (sometimes called the Cloud of Things), a catchall phrase for the array of devices, appliances, vehicles, wearable material, and sensor-laden parts of the environment that connect to each other and feed data back and forth. It covers the over 1,600 responses that were offered specifically about our question about where the Internet of Things would stand by the year 2025. The report is the next in a series of eight Pew Research and Elon University analyses to be issued this year in which experts will share their expectations about the future of such things as privacy, cybersecurity, and net neutrality. It includes some of the best and most provocative of the predictions survey respondents made when specifically asked to share their views about the evolution of embedded and wearable computing and the Internet of Things.

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              Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 2nd, 2014

              The Educopia Institute has released Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems.

              Here's an excerpt:

              The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)-funded Chronicles in Preservation project (http://metaarchive.org/neh/) completed this Comparative Analysis of three Distributed Digital Preservation systems to analyze their underlying technologies and methodologies:

              • Chronopolis using iRODS (http://chronopolis.sdsc.edu/).
              • University of North Texas using Coda (http://www.library.unt.edu/).
              • MetaArchive Cooperative using LOCKSS (http://metaarchive.org/).

              Chronicles in Preservation is a three-year effort to study, document, and model techniques for the preservation of digital newspaper collections. This Comparative Analysis is based on a series of test exchanges between academic libraries curating digital newspaper collections and the three above- mentioned DDP systems.

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                Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians

                Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on May 1st, 2014

                Ithaka S+R has released Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Having completed studies of historians and chemists, we turn in this report to art historians. This is a rich and diverse field of study, and the necessary support services must come from libraries, archives, museums, and technology providers. Digital technology has facilitated access to vast collections of resources that simply were not available before, and yet, the primacy of the actual art object has not diminished at all.

                It would be unwise to draw conclusions from only three disciplines, but there are some interesting similarities among the three groups of scholars we have studied thus far. Scholars in the three fields have similar needs for assistance in managing and organizing non-institutional (i.e. personal or lab group) digital and digitized collections of primary source materials (digitized archival materials for historians, datasets for chemists, and image files for art historians). Meeting these needs will challenge support organizations to think differently about the services they provide and how they provide them.

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                  Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on April 30th, 2014

                  OCLC Research has released Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content.

                  Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                  Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content presents the preliminary findings of Phase 1 of our Preservation Health Check investigation of preservation monitoring and suggests that there is an opportunity to use PREMIS preservation metadata as an evidence base to support a threat assessment exercise based on the Simple Property-Oriented Threat (SPOT) model.

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                    The Value and Impact of Data Sharing and Curation: A Synthesis of Three Recent Studies of UK Research Data Centres

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on April 4th, 2014

                    JISC has released The Value and Impact of Data Sharing and Curation: A Synthesis of Three Recent Studies of UK Research Data Centres.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    The data centre studies combined quantitative and qualitative approaches in order to quantify value in economic terms and present other, non-economic, impacts and benefits. Uniquely, the studies cover both users and depositors of data, and we believe the surveys of depositors undertaken are the first of their kind. All three studies show a similar pattern of findings, with data sharing via the data centres having a large measurable impact on research efficiency and on return on investment in the data and services. These findings are important for funders, both for making the economic case for investment in data curation and sharing and research data infrastructure, and for ensuring the sustainability of such research data centres.

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                      Report on DRM Preservation

                      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on March 19th, 2014

                      APARSEN has released the Report on DRM Preservation.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      This report places the subject of Digital Rights and Access Management (DRM) within the context of long-term digital preservation and examines the related risks and challenges which arise in connection with the long-term archiving and ongoing accessibility of DRM-protected objects, and also the safeguarding of associated rights. It reviews the results of initiatives and projects already undertaken in this field and provides the results of a recent survey. It also analyses current user scenarios both within and outside the APARSEN consortium before offering a summary of recommendations and best practices for dealing with digital rights and DRM protected objects.

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                        Developing an Effective Market for Open Access Article Processing Charges

                        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on March 13th, 2014

                        The Wellcome Trust has released Developing an Effective Market for Open Access Article Processing Charges.

                        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                        In their report, published in March 2014, Björk and Solomon set out a series of scenarios for how funders might develop their approaches for supporting APCs. These cover both full open access journals (which operate exclusively by this model) and so-called hybrid journals (which offer this service for individual articles, while continuing to operate via the subscription model). The authors appraised three combined scenarios, which they conclude to be the most promising for further consideration.

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