Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

State of the Commons

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Reports and White Papers on November 21st, 2014

The Creative Commons has released State of the Commons.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Today, we're releasing a new report that we think you will want to see. State of the Commons covers the impact and success of free and open content worldwide, and it contains the most revealing account we've ever published, including new data on what's shared with a CC license.

We found nearly 900 million Creative Commons-licensed works, dramatically up from our last report of 400 million in 2010. Creators are now choosing less restrictive CC licenses more than ever before – over half allow both commercial use and adaptations.

We're also celebrating the success of open policy worldwide. Fourteen countries have now adopted national open education policies, and open textbooks have saved students more than 100 million dollars. These are big moves making big impacts.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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    Discovery Services: A White Paper for the Texas State Library & Archives Commission

    Posted in Electronic Resources, OPACs/Discovery Systems, Reports and White Papers on November 20th, 2014

    The Texas State Library and Archives Commission has released Discovery Services: A White Paper for the Texas State Library & Archives Commission.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Discussions among libraries that have recently implemented discovery services are likely to result in agreement that implementation was challenging. However, once implemented, librarians are generally happy with their decisions to offer discovery services to their patrons. Based on librarian experiences of both the challenges and rewards of implementing a discovery service, the Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC) contracted with Amigos Library Services to write a white paper that would include basic information concerning discovery services, as well as an overview of the major discovery vendors.

    Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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      Public Perceptions of Privacy and Security in the Post-Snowden Era

      Posted in Privacy, Reports and White Papers on November 13th, 2014

      The Pew Research Center has released Public Perceptions of Privacy and Security in the Post-Snowden Era.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Privacy evokes a constellation of concepts for Americans-some of them tied to traditional notions of civil liberties and some of them driven by concerns about the surveillance of digital communications and the coming era of "big data." While Americans' associations with the topic of privacy are varied, the majority of adults in a new survey by the Pew Research Center feel that their privacy is being challenged along such core dimensions as the security of their personal information and their ability to retain confidentiality.

      Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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        Guideline for Preservation Planning: Procedural Model and Implementation (English Translation)

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on November 12th, 2014

        Nestor has released an English translation of version 2.0 of its Guideline for Preservation Planning: Procedural Model and Implementation.

        Here's an excerpt:

        The guideline for preservation planning describes a procedural model for the long-term archiving of digital objects and provides information on possible forms of implementation. It serves above all as a theoretical and practical implementation of the "Preservation Planning" functional unit of the OAIS reference model. Other key concepts introduced in the last 15 years have been included and brought together.

        Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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          Registering Researchers in Authority Files

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Metadata, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on October 28th, 2014

          OCLC Research has released Registering Researchers in Authority Files.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          Registering researchers in some type of authority file or identifier system has become more compelling as both institutions and researchers recognize the need to compile their scholarly output. The report presents functional requirements and recommendations for six stakeholders: researchers, funders, university administrators, librarians, identity management systems and aggregators (including publishers). It also provides an overview of the researcher identifier landscape, changes in the field, emerging trends, and opportunities.

          Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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            Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on October 24th, 2014

            The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            The goal of the survey was to better understand the landscape of web archiving activities in the U.S. by investigating the organizations involved, the history and scope of their web archiving programs, the types of web content being preserved, the tools and services being used, access and discovery services being provided and overall policies related to web archiving programs. While this survey documents the current state of U.S. web archiving initiatives, comparison with the results of the 2011-2012 survey enables an analysis of emerging trends. The report therefore describes the current state of the field, tracks the evolution of the field over the last few years, and forecasts future activities and developments.

            Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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              NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition

              Posted in Emerging Technologies, Libraries, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on August 22nd, 2014

              NMC has released the NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition.

              Here’s an excerpt from the press release:

              The NMC Horizon Report: 2014 Library Edition, examines key trends, significant challenges, and emerging technologies for their potential impact on academic and research libraries worldwide. While there are many local factors affecting libraries, there are also issues that transcend regional boundaries and common questions; it was with these questions in mind that this report was created.

              Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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                Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights

                Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on June 27th, 2014

                The European Commission has released Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights.

                Here's an excerpt from the summary:

                The first part of the study is the report by Charles River Associates "Assessing the economic impacts of adapting certain limitations and exceptions to copyright and related rights in the EU" (Langus et al., 2013, henceforth "CRA Methodology Report"), which establishes a methodology to assess exceptions and limitations to copyright. . . .

                In turn, the present report uses the aforementioned methodology to assess the economic impacts of specific policy options in several topics of interest, in view of providing policy guidance on these topics. This report focuses on the following topics:

                • Digital preservation by cultural heritage and educational institutions;
                • The provision of remote access by cultural heritage and educational institutions to their collections for the benefit of their patrons;
                • E-lending by publicly accessible libraries;
                • Text and data mining for the purpose of scientific research;
                • Reproductions made by natural persons for private uses.

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                  The Evolving Scholarly Record

                  Posted in Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Communication on June 6th, 2014

                  OCLC Research has released The Evolving Scholarly Record.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  Key highlights:

                  • A confluence of trends is accelerating changes to the scholarly record's content and stakeholder roles.
                  • Scholarly outcomes are contextualized by materials generated in the process and aftermath of scholarly inquiry.
                  • The research process generates materials covering methods employed, evidence used, and formative discussion.
                  • The research aftermath generates materials covering discussion, revision, and reuse of scholarly outcomes.
                  • The scholarly record is evolving to have greater emphasis on collecting and curating context of scholarly inquiry.
                  • The scholarly record's stakeholder ecosystem encompasses four key roles: create, fix, collect, and use.
                  • The stakeholder ecosystem supports thinking about how roles are reconfigured as the scholarly record evolves.

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                    Canadian Researchers’ Publishing Attitudes and Behaviours

                    Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on May 16th, 2014

                    Canadian Science Publishing has released Canadian Researchers' Publishing Attitudes and Behaviours.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    Some key findings described in the report:

                    • Researchers agree with principle, not cost, of open access (OA)
                    • Almost half of the researchers reported publishing more than half of their research in open access format in past 2 years, yet availability of open access was 8 times less important than impact factor and 13 times less important than journal reputation when selecting a journal
                    • For those who have published OA, institutions and tri-agency funding typically cover cost, yet many researchers indicated they did not know whether Canada's major funding bodies support OA
                    • Peer review, reach, and discoverability are considered most important journal features
                    • Use of repositories differs widely across disciplines
                    • Laboratory/institutional blogs or websites and social media are increasingly being used for research dissemination

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                      The Internet of Things Will Thrive by 2025

                      Posted in Digital Culture, Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on May 15th, 2014

                      The Pew Research Center has released The Internet of Things Will Thrive by 2025.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      This current report is an analysis of opinions about the likely expansion of the Internet of Things (sometimes called the Cloud of Things), a catchall phrase for the array of devices, appliances, vehicles, wearable material, and sensor-laden parts of the environment that connect to each other and feed data back and forth. It covers the over 1,600 responses that were offered specifically about our question about where the Internet of Things would stand by the year 2025. The report is the next in a series of eight Pew Research and Elon University analyses to be issued this year in which experts will share their expectations about the future of such things as privacy, cybersecurity, and net neutrality. It includes some of the best and most provocative of the predictions survey respondents made when specifically asked to share their views about the evolution of embedded and wearable computing and the Internet of Things.

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                        Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems

                        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on May 2nd, 2014

                        The Educopia Institute has released Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)-funded Chronicles in Preservation project (http://metaarchive.org/neh/) completed this Comparative Analysis of three Distributed Digital Preservation systems to analyze their underlying technologies and methodologies:

                        • Chronopolis using iRODS (http://chronopolis.sdsc.edu/).
                        • University of North Texas using Coda (http://www.library.unt.edu/).
                        • MetaArchive Cooperative using LOCKSS (http://metaarchive.org/).

                        Chronicles in Preservation is a three-year effort to study, document, and model techniques for the preservation of digital newspaper collections. This Comparative Analysis is based on a series of test exchanges between academic libraries curating digital newspaper collections and the three above- mentioned DDP systems.

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