Archive for the 'Reports and White Papers' Category

Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians

Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on May 1st, 2014

Ithaka S+R has released Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians.

Here's an excerpt:

Having completed studies of historians and chemists, we turn in this report to art historians. This is a rich and diverse field of study, and the necessary support services must come from libraries, archives, museums, and technology providers. Digital technology has facilitated access to vast collections of resources that simply were not available before, and yet, the primacy of the actual art object has not diminished at all.

It would be unwise to draw conclusions from only three disciplines, but there are some interesting similarities among the three groups of scholars we have studied thus far. Scholars in the three fields have similar needs for assistance in managing and organizing non-institutional (i.e. personal or lab group) digital and digitized collections of primary source materials (digitized archival materials for historians, datasets for chemists, and image files for art historians). Meeting these needs will challenge support organizations to think differently about the services they provide and how they provide them.

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    Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content

    Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on April 30th, 2014

    OCLC Research has released Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release:

    Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content presents the preliminary findings of Phase 1 of our Preservation Health Check investigation of preservation monitoring and suggests that there is an opportunity to use PREMIS preservation metadata as an evidence base to support a threat assessment exercise based on the Simple Property-Oriented Threat (SPOT) model.

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      The Value and Impact of Data Sharing and Curation: A Synthesis of Three Recent Studies of UK Research Data Centres

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on April 4th, 2014

      JISC has released The Value and Impact of Data Sharing and Curation: A Synthesis of Three Recent Studies of UK Research Data Centres.

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      The data centre studies combined quantitative and qualitative approaches in order to quantify value in economic terms and present other, non-economic, impacts and benefits. Uniquely, the studies cover both users and depositors of data, and we believe the surveys of depositors undertaken are the first of their kind. All three studies show a similar pattern of findings, with data sharing via the data centres having a large measurable impact on research efficiency and on return on investment in the data and services. These findings are important for funders, both for making the economic case for investment in data curation and sharing and research data infrastructure, and for ensuring the sustainability of such research data centres.

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        Report on DRM Preservation

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on March 19th, 2014

        APARSEN has released the Report on DRM Preservation.

        Here's an excerpt:

        This report places the subject of Digital Rights and Access Management (DRM) within the context of long-term digital preservation and examines the related risks and challenges which arise in connection with the long-term archiving and ongoing accessibility of DRM-protected objects, and also the safeguarding of associated rights. It reviews the results of initiatives and projects already undertaken in this field and provides the results of a recent survey. It also analyses current user scenarios both within and outside the APARSEN consortium before offering a summary of recommendations and best practices for dealing with digital rights and DRM protected objects.

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          Developing an Effective Market for Open Access Article Processing Charges

          Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Journals on March 13th, 2014

          The Wellcome Trust has released Developing an Effective Market for Open Access Article Processing Charges.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          In their report, published in March 2014, Björk and Solomon set out a series of scenarios for how funders might develop their approaches for supporting APCs. These cover both full open access journals (which operate exclusively by this model) and so-called hybrid journals (which offer this service for individual articles, while continuing to operate via the subscription model). The authors appraised three combined scenarios, which they conclude to be the most promising for further consideration.

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            Ithaka S+R US Library Survey 2013

            Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on March 12th, 2014

            Ithaka S+R has released the Ithaka S+R US Library Survey 2013.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            In the Ithaka S+R US Library Survey 2013 report we examine how the leaders of academic libraries are approaching systemic changes in their environment and the opportunities and constraints they face in leading their organizations. While exploring key topics covered in our 2010 survey of library directors, such as strategic planning, collecting practices, and library services, in 2013 we also introduced a new emphasis on organizational dynamics, leadership issues, and undergraduate services.

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              AV Digitisation and Digital Preservation TechWatch Report #01

              Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media, Digitization, Reports and White Papers on March 6th, 2014

              The PrestoCentre has released the AV Digitisation and Digital Preservation TechWatch Report #01.

              Here's an excerpt:

              This first TechWatch Report has been written by members of PrestoCentre involved in the Presto4U project and was compiled through meetings they had with specialist technology vendors and researchers late 2013.

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                Geospatial Data Stewardship: Key Online Resources

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on March 6th, 2014

                The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Geospatial Data Stewardship: Key Online Resources.

                Here's an excerpt:

                This document lists online resources that highlight key concepts and practices supporting the preservation and stewardship of digital geospatial data and information. GIS practitioners take the initial preservation actions in the decisions they make regarding data creation and management. Librarians, archivists and museum professionals are often called on to support access and the long-term historical and temporal analysis of these same materials. The resources below offer a starting point to methods, tools and approaches across the information lifecycle to assist in understanding current best practices in the stewardship of geospatial data.

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                  The Web at 25 in the U.S.

                  Posted in Digital Culture, Reports and White Papers on February 28th, 2014

                  The Pew Research Center has released The Web at 25 in the U.S..

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  In a new national survey to mark the 25th anniversary of the Web, Pew Research finds further confirmation of the incredible spread and impact of the internet:

                  Adoption: 87% of American adults now use the internet, with near-saturation usage among those living in households earning $75,000 or more (99%), young adults ages 18-29 (97%), and those with college degrees (97%). Fully 68% of adults connect to the internet with mobile devices like smartphones or tablet computers. . . .

                  Impact: Asked for their overall judgment about the impact of the internet, toting up all the pluses and minuses of connected life, the public's verdict is overwhelmingly positive:

                  • 90% of internet users say the internet has been a good thing for them personally and only 6% say it has been a bad thing, while 3% volunteer that it has been some of both.
                  • 76% of internet users say the internet has been a good thing for society, while 15% say it has been a bad thing and 8% say it has been equally good and bad.

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                    Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings

                    Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on February 27th, 2014

                    The Council on Library and Information Resources has released Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    This report looks at how staff at eight academic institutions gained new insight about how students and faculty use their libraries, and how the staff are using these findings to improve library technologies, space, and services.

                    Participatory design is a relatively recent approach to understanding library user behavior. It is based on techniques used in anthropological and ethnographic observation. The report's editor, anthropologist Nancy Fried Foster, led several participatory design workshops for CLIR from 2007 to 2013.

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                      The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions

                      Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Publishing, Reports and White Papers on February 24th, 2014

                      The NDSA has released The Benefits and Risks of the PDF/A-3 File Format for Archival Institutions.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      The report takes a measured look at the costs and benefits of the widespread use of the PDF/A-3 format, especially as it effects content arriving in collecting institutions. It provides background on the technical development of the specification, identifies specific scenarios under which the format might be used and suggests policy prescriptions for collecting institutions to consider.

                      For example, the report suggests that for memory institutions, the acceptance of embedded files in PDF/A documents would depend on very specific protocols between depositors and archival repositories that clarify acceptable embedded formats and define workflows that guarantee that the relationship between the PDF document and any embedded files is fully understood by the archival institution.

                      Additionally, the report notes that the complexity of the PDF format and the wide variance in PDF rendering implementations and creating applications suggests that PDF/A-3 may be appropriate for use in controlled workflows, but may not be an appropriate choice as a general-purpose bundling format.

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                        NMC Horizon Report > 2014 Higher Education Edition

                        Posted in Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on February 6th, 2014

                        The New Media Consortium and EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative have released the NMC Horizon Report > 2014 Higher Education Edition.

                        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                        This eleventh edition describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project, an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have an impact on learning, teaching, and creative inquiry in education. Six key trends, six significant challenges, and six emerging technologies are identified across three adoption horizons over the next one to five years, giving campus leaders and practitioners a valuable guide for strategic technology planning

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