Archive for the 'Research Libraries' Category

"Economics of Scholarly Communication in Transition"

Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Journals on June 4th, 2013

Heather Morrison has published "Economics of Scholarly Communication in Transition" in the latest issue of First Monday.

Here's an excerpt:

Academic library budgets are the primary source of revenue for scholarly journal publishing. There is more than enough money in the budgets of academic libraries to fund a fully open access scholarly journal publishing system. Seeking efficiencies, such as a reasonable average cost per article, will be key to a successful transition. This article presents macro level economic data and analysis illustrating the key factors and potential for cost savings.

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    "Educational Fair Use Brief in Support of Georgia State University on Behalf of Amici Curiae Academic Authors and Legal Scholars"

    Posted in Copyright, E-Reserves, Publishing, Research Libraries on May 9th, 2013

    David R. Hansen et al. have self-archived "Educational Fair Use Brief in Support of Georgia State University on Behalf of Amici Curiae Academic Authors and Legal Scholars" in SSRN.

    Here's an excerpt:

    In this case, Plaintiff Publishers accuse GSU and its faculty of violating their copyrights through this practice. But, as the district court correctly found, such uses are fair, especially because they primarily use factual information to promote the purposes of education and teaching, the amount taken was reasonable in light of its purpose, and because Plaintiffs' evidence of a cognizable copyright market harm was speculative at best. However, the district court erred when it incorrectly concluded that these uses are not transformative. Using an unduly narrow definition of the concept, it failed to consider how educators repurpose scholarly works in productive ways that bring new meaning to and understanding of the works used.

    As scholars and educators who produce and repurpose such works, amici urge this Court to affirm that these uses constitute a transformative use under the first fair use factor, and to reaffirm the findings under the other factors that these uses are fair. A finding of fair use in this case not only furthers the underlying goals of scholarship and education – access to knowledge – but also the very purposes of the Copyright Act itself.

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      "The Role of the Library in the Research Enterprise"

      Posted in Cyberinfrastructure/E-Science, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on May 6th, 2013

      Christopher J. Shaffer has published "The Role of the Library in the Research Enterprise" in the latest issue of the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Libraries have provided services to researchers for many years. Changes in technology and new publishing models provide opportunities for libraries to be more involved in the research enterprise. Within this article, the author reviews traditional library services, briefly describes the eScience and publishing landscape as it relates to libraries, and explores possible library programs in support of research. Many of the new opportunities require new partnerships, both within the institution and externally.

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        Geneva Henry Named University Librarian, Vice Provost for Libraries at George Washington University

        Posted in People in the News, Research Libraries on May 2nd, 2013

        Geneva Henry has been named University Librarian, Vice Provost for Libraries at George Washington University.

        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

        Geneva Henry has been named the George Washington University's university librarian and vice provost for libraries. In this role, Ms. Henry will be responsible for planning, directing and overseeing all operations of GW's Estelle and Melvin Gelman, Eckles and Virginia Science and Technology Campus libraries. She will join George Washington July 1. . . .

        Ms. Henry currently serves as executive director of digital scholarship services at Rice University in Houston. She has spent more than a decade at Rice, working on developing the library's digital collections from the ground up. Her projects have included data management planning, preservation of digital scholarship resources, geographic information systems (GIS) support and education, multimedia creation and editing, workshops for working with digital technologies and maintenance of the university's electronic theses and dissertations submission system and digital collection.

        Prior to her position at Rice, Ms. Henry worked in industry and on government contracts, in areas such as artificial intelligence, medical imaging libraries and digital search technologies. She also worked as a consultant for higher education clients who were working to begin or expand digital library programs.

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          Library Copyright Alliance Files Brief in Georgia State University E-Reserves Case

          Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Reserves, Publishing, Research Libraries on April 29th, 2013

          The Library Copyright Alliance has filed a brief in the Cambridge U. Press et al. v. Mark P. Becker et al. e-reserves copyright case that was prepared by the EFF and Jonathan Band.

          Here's an excerpt from the EFF announcement:

          In the amicus brief filed today, EFF urges the appeals court to see what the district court saw: the vast majority of uses at issue were protected fair uses. Moreover, as a practical matter, the licensing market the publishers say they want to create for e-reserves will never emerge—not least because libraries can't afford to participate in it. Even assuming that libraries could pay such fees, requiring this would thwart the purpose of copyright by undermining the overall market for scholarship. Given libraries' stagnant or shrinking budgets, any new spending for licenses must be reallocated from existing expenditures, and the most likely source of reallocated funds is the budget for collections. An excerpt license requirement thus will harm the market for new scholarly works, as the works assigned for student reading are likely to be more established pieces written by well-known academics. Libraries' total investment in scholarship will be the same but resources will be diverted away from new works to redundant payments for existing ones, in direct contradiction of copyright's purpose of "promot[ing] progress."

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            "The Winds of Change: Periodicals Price Survey 2013"

            Posted in Libraries, Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Journals on April 26th, 2013

            Stephen Bosch and Kittie Henderson have published "The Winds of Change: Periodicals Price Survey 2013" in Library Journal.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This year, the serials pricing data indicates that prices are increasing at about the same rate as last year. Increases seemed to have plateaued at about 6% for 2013. Data from the merged ISI indexes shows a 6% increase for 2013, unchanged from 2012. EBSCO's MasterFILE Premier and Academic Search Premier show similar results: average prices for titles in MSP increased 5% for 2013, while average prices for titles in ASP increased 6% in 2013, the same increase as for 2012. The Consumer Price Index (CPI), on the other hand, advanced 1.7% for 2012, which means serials inflation continues to far exceed general inflationary pressures and library budget adjustments.

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              Perception Analysis of Scholarly E-Books in the Humanities at the Collegiate Level

              Posted in Digital Humanities, E-Books, Publishing, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries, Scholarly Books on April 15th, 2013

              ACLS Humanities E-Book has released Perception Analysis of Scholarly E-Books in the Humanities at the Collegiate Level.

              Here's an excerpt:

              At present, there is significant market confusion regarding e-book selections in the academic marketplace, particularly in the humanities. University acquisition librarians, unsure of what the offerings actually are, have found themselves unsure of where to allocate funds, which has resulted in the postponement of e-book purchases. This paper provides a current assessment of the status of e-book offerings in the humanities.

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                "Academic Librarians and Research Data Services: Preparation and Attitudes"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on April 15th, 2013

                Carol Tenopir, Robert J. Sandusky, Suzie Allard, and Ben Birch have published "Academic Librarians and Research Data Services: Preparation and Attitudes" in the latest issue of IFLA Journal.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Research funding bodies recognize the importance of infrastructure and services to organize and preserve research data, and academic research libraries have been identified as locations in which to base these research data services (RDS). Research data services include data management planning, digital curation (selection, preservation, maintenance, and archiving), and metadata creation and conversion. We report the results of an empirical investigation into the RDS practices of librarians in US and Canadian academic research libraries, establishing a baseline of the engagement of librarians at this early stage of widespread service development. Specifically, this paper examines the opinions of the surveyed librarians regarding their preparedness to provide RDS (background, skills, and education), their attitudes regarding the importance of RDS for their libraries and institutions, and the factors that contribute to or inhibit librarian engagement in RDS.

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