Archive for the 'Scholarly Communication' Category

DigitalCurationNews (4/29/2013) #digitalpreservation

Posted in Scholarly Communication on April 29th, 2013

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    Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates for 4/26/2013

    Posted in Scholarly Communication on April 26th, 2013

    Digital Scholarship

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      "Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model"

      Posted in Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web, Scholarly Communication on April 26th, 2013

      Robert Sanderson, Paolo Ciccarese, and Herbert Van de Sompel have self-archived "Designing the W3C Open Annotation Data Model" in arXiv.org.

      Here's an excerpt:

      The Open Annotation Core Data Model specifies an interoperable framework for creating associations between related resources, called annotations, using a methodology that conforms to the Architecture of the World Wide Web. Open Annotations can easily be shared between platforms, with sufficient richness of expression to satisfy complex requirements while remaining simple enough to also allow for the most common use cases, such as attaching a piece of text to a single web resource. This paper presents the W3C Open Annotation Community Group specification and the rationale behind the scoping and technical decisions that were made. It also motivates interoperable Annotations via use cases, and provides a brief analysis of the advantages over previous specifications.

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        "House of Commons Oral Evidence Taken before the Business, Innovation And Skills Committee Open Access"

        Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Self-Archiving on April 25th, 2013

        The UK Parliament has released an uncorrected transcript of "House of Commons Oral Evidence Taken before the Business, Innovation And Skills Committee Open Access."

        Here's an excerpt (below comments by Alicia Wise, Director of Universal Access, Reed Elsevier):

        With the Government's policy that we are all implementing, we will see an increase in the amount of hybrid open-access publishing done at scale. For the open-access components of that hybrid publishing, it is clear that the costs are sustainable through the article-publishing charges. For the subscription part of those titles, the costs continue to need to be covered through the subscription model. If the content is freely available too quickly, there will be no need for libraries to continue to pay those subscription costs. While we have not seen clear evidence of an undermining or cancellation of subscriptions at this point, there is evidence, such as that Audrey referred to, that librarians are watching this space very closely and are very mindful of it. We have also seen that where content is deposited at scale, there can be an erosion of transactional revenues-the pay-per-view business model. Those are very modest components of most of our revenue streams, but again it is a potential early-warning sign.

        See also the video of the session.

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          "Scholars and Their Blogs: Characteristics, Preferences, and Perceptions Impacting Digital Preservation"

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Scholarly Communication, Social Media/Web 2.0 on April 24th, 2013

          Carolyn F. Hank has self-archived "Scholars and Their Blogs: Characteristics, Preferences, and Perceptions Impacting Digital Preservation" in the Carolina Digital Repository.

          Here's an excerpt:

          This descriptive study investigated scholars who blog in the areas of history, economics, law, biology, chemistry and physics, as well as attributes of their respective blogs. It offers an examination of scholars' attitudes and perceptions of their blogs in relation to the system of scholarly communication and their preferences for digital preservation.. . . Most feel their blogs should be preserved for both personal and public access and use into the indefinite, rather than short-term, future. Scholars who blog identify themselves as most responsible for blog preservation. Concerning capability, scholars perceive blog service providers, hosts, and networks as most capable. National and institutional-based libraries and archives, as well as institutional IT departments, are perceived as least responsible and capable for preservation of scholars' respective blogs.

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            "Digital Scholarship: Exploration of Strategies and Skills for Knowledge Creation and Dissemination"

            Posted in Scholarly Communication on April 22nd, 2013

            Cristobal Cobo and Concepcion Naval have self-archived "Digital Scholarship: Exploration of Strategies and Skills for Knowledge Creation and Dissemination" in SSRN.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Widespread access to digital technologies has enabled digital scholars to access, create, share, and disseminate academic contents in innovative and diversified ways. Today academic teams in different places can collaborate in virtual environments by conducting scholarly work on the Internet. Two relevant dimensions that have been deeply affected by the emergence of digital scholarship are new facets of knowledge generation (wikis, e-science, online education, distributed R&D, open innovation, open science, peer-based production, online encyclopedias, user generated content) and new models of knowledge circulation and distribution (e-journals, open repositories, open licenses, academic podcasting initiatives, etc.). . . . This paper address some of the key challenges and raise a set of recommendations to foster the development of key skills, new models of collaboration and cross-disciplinary cooperation between digital scholars.

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              Article-Level Metrics—A SPARC Primer

              Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Scholarly Metrics on April 17th, 2013

              SPARC has released Article-Level Metrics—A SPARC Primer.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Article-Level Metrics (ALMs) are rapidly emerging as important tools to quantify how individual articles are being discussed, shared, and used. ALMs can be employed in conjunction with existing metrics, which have traditionally focused on the long-term impact of a collection of articles (i.e., a journal) based on the number of citations generated. This primer is designed to give campus leaders and other interested parties an overview of what ALMs are, why they matter, how they complement established utilities, and how they can be used in the tenure and promotion process.

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                Ithaka S+R US Faculty Survey 2012

                Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on April 9th, 2013

                Ithaka S+R has released the Ithaka S+R US Faculty Survey 2012.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Major topics covered by the survey include:

                • Research processes: The processes through which scholars perform their research, focusing principally on the use of research materials in secondary and primary research.
                • Teaching practices: The pedagogical methods that faculty members are adopting and the ways that they draw on content and support services in their teaching.
                • Scholarly communications:Formal and informal methods by which scholars communicate with each other, the ways in which the types of materials and information exchanged in these processes are evolving, and needs for various kinds of publishing support services.
                • The library: How faculty members perceive the roles and value of their institutional library, touching on the roles the library plays in supporting many of the above activities.
                • Scholarly societies:How faculty members perceive the roles and value of their primary scholarly society, including in supporting both formal and informal communications between scholars.

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