Archive for the 'Scholarly Communication' Category

Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians

Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on May 1st, 2014

Ithaka S+R has released Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians.

Here's an excerpt:

Having completed studies of historians and chemists, we turn in this report to art historians. This is a rich and diverse field of study, and the necessary support services must come from libraries, archives, museums, and technology providers. Digital technology has facilitated access to vast collections of resources that simply were not available before, and yet, the primacy of the actual art object has not diminished at all.

It would be unwise to draw conclusions from only three disciplines, but there are some interesting similarities among the three groups of scholars we have studied thus far. Scholars in the three fields have similar needs for assistance in managing and organizing non-institutional (i.e. personal or lab group) digital and digitized collections of primary source materials (digitized archival materials for historians, datasets for chemists, and image files for art historians). Meeting these needs will challenge support organizations to think differently about the services they provide and how they provide them.

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    "Internet Publicity of Data Problems in the Bioscience Literature Correlates with Enhanced Corrective Action"

    Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Social Media/Web 2.0 on April 7th, 2014

    Paul S. Brookes has published "Internet Publicity of Data Problems in the Bioscience Literature Correlates with Enhanced Corrective Action" in PeerJ.

    Here's an excerpt:

    Several online forums exist to facilitate open and/or anonymous discussion of the peer-reviewed scientific literature. Data integrity is a common discussion topic, and it is widely assumed that publicity surrounding such matters will accelerate correction of the scientific record. This study aimed to test this assumption by examining a collection of 497 papers for which data integrity had been questioned either in public or in private. As such, the papers were divided into two sub-sets: a public set of 274 papers discussed online, and the remainder a private set of 223 papers not publicized. The sources of alleged data problems, as well as criteria for defining problem data, and communication of problems to journals and appropriate institutions, were similar between the sets. The number of laboratory groups represented in each set was also similar (75 in public, 62 in private), as was the number of problem papers per laboratory group (3.65 in public, 3.54 in private). Over a study period of 18 months, public papers were retracted 6.5-fold more, and corrected 7.7-fold more, than those in the private set. Parsing the results by laboratory group, 28 laboratory groups in the public set had papers which received corrective action, versus 6 laboratory groups in the private set. For those laboratory groups in the public set with corrected/retracted papers, the fraction of their papers acted on was 62% of those initially flagged, whereas in the private set this fraction was 27%. Such clustering of actions suggests a pattern in which correction/retraction of one paper from a group correlates with more corrections/retractions from the same group, with this pattern being stronger in the public set. It is therefore concluded that online discussion enhances levels of corrective action in the scientific literature. Nevertheless, anecdotal discussion reveals substantial room for improvement in handling of such matters.

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      "Developing Digital Scholarship Services on a Shoestring: Facilities, Events, Tools, and Projects"

      Posted in Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on April 3rd, 2014

      Heather McCullough has published "Developing Digital Scholarship Services on a Shoestring: Facilities, Events, Tools, and Projects" in College & Research Libraries News.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Libraries and academic technology divisions are increasingly developing and offering digital scholarship services. Yet, the term digital scholarship itself is quite fluid and seems to offer many interpretations depending on a particular university's culture, institutional organization, and environment. This article will outline how one university addressed a need for digital scholarship services at its campus.

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        Transforming Peer Review Bibliography

        Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals on January 13th, 2014

        Digital Scholarship has released the Transforming Peer Review Bibliography, which includes selected English-language articles that are useful in understanding significant transformations to the peer review process.

        It is concerned with major changes to peer review, such as open peer review (excluding just revealing the identity of traditional peer reviewers) and post-publication review.

        Most sources have been published from January 2010 through December 2012; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included. The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, italicized links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

        It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

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          Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (December 13, 2013)

          Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on December 13th, 2013

          The latest bimonthly update of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog is now available. It provides information about selected new works related to scholarly electronic publishing, such as books, e-prints, journal articles, technical reports, and white papers.

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            Software Developer at University of Maryland Libraries

            Posted in Scholarly Communication on December 11th, 2013

            The University of Maryland Libraries are recruiting a Software Developer.

            Here's an excerpt from the ad:

            The Software Developer provides broad programming support to the University of Maryland Libraries for the development and delivery of Java-based software applications. The applications support development and management of web pages and large-scale digital collections. They include tools for cataloging, search, and discovery of digital collections, tools for acquisition of digital collections, access to and retrieval of digital objects in the collections, and tools for preservation and maintenance of digital collections over the long term.

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              Web Services Librarian at Boston College Libraries

              Posted in Scholarly Communication on December 4th, 2013

              Boston College Libraries are recruiting a Web Services Librarian.

              Here's an excerpt from the ad:

              As a member of the Library Systems Department, the Web Services Librarian will collaborate with Public Services managers and staff to ensure the smooth, reliable operation and usability of the libraries' key public-facing web content systems. He/she administers library web content management systems (e.g. LibGuides CMS and Drupal), working closely with web content owners and authors to make certain that library web pages are optimized to conform to indexing, design and stylistic standards. He/she conducts individual consultations, creates documentation, tutorials and other training materials to support staff users of Drupal, LibGuides CMS and other public-facing library web applications as required. He/She maintains CMS asset/shared content databases and ensures their continued accuracy and usability.

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                Peer Review: An Introduction and Guide

                Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals on November 14th, 2013

                The Publishing Research Consortium has released Peer Review: An Introduction and Guide.

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                The reader of this short Guide will be left with a coherent and forward-looking overview of the processes, the shortcomings, and the innovations around peer review, and a deeper understanding of why peer review is such a vital element of effective scholarship.

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                  Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (October 31, 2013)

                  Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on November 1st, 2013

                  The latest bimonthly update of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog is now available. It provides information about selected new works related to scholarly electronic publishing, such as books, e-prints, journal articles, technical reports, and white papers.

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                    Altmetrics Bibliography

                    Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Scholarly Metrics on October 14th, 2013

                    Digital Scholarship has released the Altmetrics Bibliography, which includes over 50 selected English-language articles and technical reports that are useful in understanding altmetrics.

                    The "altmetrics" concept is still evolving. In "The Altmetrics Collection," Jason Priem, Paul Groth, and Dario Taraborelli define altmetrics as follows:

                    Altmetrics is the study and use of scholarly impact measures based on activity in online tools and environments. The term has also been used to describe the metrics themselves—one could propose in plural a "set of new altmetrics." Altmetrics is in most cases a subset of both scientometrics and webometrics; it is a subset of the latter in that it focuses more narrowly on scholarly influence as measured in online tools and environments, rather than on the Web more generally.

                    Sources have been published from January 2001 through September 2013.

                    The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, italicized links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

                    It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

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                      "A Look at Altmetrics and Its Growing Significance to Research Libraries"

                      Posted in Publishing, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Scholarly Metrics on September 20th, 2013

                      Emily Puckett Rodgers and Sarah Barbrow have self-archived "A Look at Altmetrics and Its Growing Significance to Research Libraries" in Deep Blue.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      This document serves as an informational review of the emerging field and practices of alternative metrics or altmetrics. It is intended to be used by librarians and faculty members in research libraries and universities to better understand the trends and challenges associated with altmetrics in higher education. It is also intended to be used by research libraries to offer guidance on how to participate in shaping this emerging field.

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                        "Just Google It—Digital Research Practices of Humanities Scholars"

                        Posted in Google and Other Search Engines, Scholarly Communication on September 12th, 2013

                        Max Kemman, Martijn Kleppe, and Stef Scagliola have self-archived "Just Google It—Digital Research Practices of Humanities Scholars" in arXiv.org.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The transition from analogue to digital archives and the recent explosion of online content offers researchers novel ways of engaging with data. The crucial question for ensuring a balance between the supply and demand-side of data, is whether this trend connects to existing scholarly practices and to the average search skills of researchers. To gain insight into this process we conducted a survey among nearly three hundred (N= 288) humanities scholars in the Netherlands and Belgium with the aim of finding answers to the following questions: 1) To what extent are digital databases and archives used? 2) What are the preferences in search functionalities 3) Are there differences in search strategies between novices and experts of information retrieval? Our results show that while scholars actively engage in research online they mainly search for text and images. General search systems such as Google and JSTOR are predominant, while large-scale collections such as Europeana are rarely consulted.

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