Archive for the 'Scholarly Communication' Category

The Evolving Scholarly Record

Posted in Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Communication on June 6th, 2014

OCLC Research has released The Evolving Scholarly Record.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Here's an excerpt:

Key highlights:

  • A confluence of trends is accelerating changes to the scholarly record's content and stakeholder roles.
  • Scholarly outcomes are contextualized by materials generated in the process and aftermath of scholarly inquiry.
  • The research process generates materials covering methods employed, evidence used, and formative discussion.
  • The research aftermath generates materials covering discussion, revision, and reuse of scholarly outcomes.
  • The scholarly record is evolving to have greater emphasis on collecting and curating context of scholarly inquiry.
  • The scholarly record's stakeholder ecosystem encompasses four key roles: create, fix, collect, and use.
  • The stakeholder ecosystem supports thinking about how roles are reconfigured as the scholarly record evolves.

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    "The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web"

    Posted in Google and Other Search Engines, Publishing, Scholarly Communication on May 12th, 2014

    Madian Khabsa and C. Lee Giles mail have published "The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web" in PLOS ONE.

    Here's an excerpt:

    The number of scholarly documents available on the web is estimated using capture/recapture methods by studying the coverage of two major academic search engines: Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search. Our estimates show that at least 114 million English-language scholarly documents are accessible on the web, of which Google Scholar has nearly 100 million. Of these, we estimate that at least 27 million (24%) are freely available since they do not require a subscription or payment of any kind. In addition, at a finer scale, we also estimate the number of scholarly documents on the web for fifteen fields: Agricultural Science, Arts and Humanities, Biology, Chemistry, Computer Science, Economics and Business, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Geosciences, Material Science, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics, Social Sciences, and Multidisciplinary, as defined by Microsoft Academic Search. In addition, we show that among these fields the percentage of documents defined as freely available varies significantly, i.e., from 12 to 50%.

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      Richard W. Clement Named Dean of University of New Mexico’s College of University Libraries & Learning Sciences

      Posted in Scholarly Communication on May 5th, 2014

      The University of New Mexico has named Richard W. Clement as the Dean of the College of University Libraries & Learning Science.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Clement has served as dean at Utah State University since 2008. At USU he transformed library services to provide digital content to six campuses and numerous centers across the state. At the same time, he has insured the preservation of the unique and rare materials that constitute the collective cultural heritage. Clement has devoted his energies to balancing the digital transformation that is changing libraries and universities with the traditional values of preserving the diverse cultural heritage for all citizens and all time. Before coming to Utah in 2008, Clement was head of the department of special collections at the University of Kansas, where he also taught a course in the History of the Book as a courtesy professor of English.

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        Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians

        Posted in Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on May 1st, 2014

        Ithaka S+R has released Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians.

        Here's an excerpt:

        Having completed studies of historians and chemists, we turn in this report to art historians. This is a rich and diverse field of study, and the necessary support services must come from libraries, archives, museums, and technology providers. Digital technology has facilitated access to vast collections of resources that simply were not available before, and yet, the primacy of the actual art object has not diminished at all.

        It would be unwise to draw conclusions from only three disciplines, but there are some interesting similarities among the three groups of scholars we have studied thus far. Scholars in the three fields have similar needs for assistance in managing and organizing non-institutional (i.e. personal or lab group) digital and digitized collections of primary source materials (digitized archival materials for historians, datasets for chemists, and image files for art historians). Meeting these needs will challenge support organizations to think differently about the services they provide and how they provide them.

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          "Internet Publicity of Data Problems in the Bioscience Literature Correlates with Enhanced Corrective Action"

          Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals, Social Media/Web 2.0 on April 7th, 2014

          Paul S. Brookes has published "Internet Publicity of Data Problems in the Bioscience Literature Correlates with Enhanced Corrective Action" in PeerJ.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Several online forums exist to facilitate open and/or anonymous discussion of the peer-reviewed scientific literature. Data integrity is a common discussion topic, and it is widely assumed that publicity surrounding such matters will accelerate correction of the scientific record. This study aimed to test this assumption by examining a collection of 497 papers for which data integrity had been questioned either in public or in private. As such, the papers were divided into two sub-sets: a public set of 274 papers discussed online, and the remainder a private set of 223 papers not publicized. The sources of alleged data problems, as well as criteria for defining problem data, and communication of problems to journals and appropriate institutions, were similar between the sets. The number of laboratory groups represented in each set was also similar (75 in public, 62 in private), as was the number of problem papers per laboratory group (3.65 in public, 3.54 in private). Over a study period of 18 months, public papers were retracted 6.5-fold more, and corrected 7.7-fold more, than those in the private set. Parsing the results by laboratory group, 28 laboratory groups in the public set had papers which received corrective action, versus 6 laboratory groups in the private set. For those laboratory groups in the public set with corrected/retracted papers, the fraction of their papers acted on was 62% of those initially flagged, whereas in the private set this fraction was 27%. Such clustering of actions suggests a pattern in which correction/retraction of one paper from a group correlates with more corrections/retractions from the same group, with this pattern being stronger in the public set. It is therefore concluded that online discussion enhances levels of corrective action in the scientific literature. Nevertheless, anecdotal discussion reveals substantial room for improvement in handling of such matters.

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            "Developing Digital Scholarship Services on a Shoestring: Facilities, Events, Tools, and Projects"

            Posted in Research Libraries, Scholarly Communication on April 3rd, 2014

            Heather McCullough has published "Developing Digital Scholarship Services on a Shoestring: Facilities, Events, Tools, and Projects" in College & Research Libraries News.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Libraries and academic technology divisions are increasingly developing and offering digital scholarship services. Yet, the term digital scholarship itself is quite fluid and seems to offer many interpretations depending on a particular university's culture, institutional organization, and environment. This article will outline how one university addressed a need for digital scholarship services at its campus.

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              Transforming Peer Review Bibliography

              Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals on January 13th, 2014

              Digital Scholarship has released the Transforming Peer Review Bibliography, which includes selected English-language articles that are useful in understanding significant transformations to the peer review process.

              It is concerned with major changes to peer review, such as open peer review (excluding just revealing the identity of traditional peer reviewers) and post-publication review.

              Most sources have been published from January 2010 through December 2012; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included. The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, italicized links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

              It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

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                Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (December 13, 2013)

                Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on December 13th, 2013

                The latest bimonthly update of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog is now available. It provides information about selected new works related to scholarly electronic publishing, such as books, e-prints, journal articles, technical reports, and white papers.

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                  Software Developer at University of Maryland Libraries

                  Posted in Scholarly Communication on December 11th, 2013

                  The University of Maryland Libraries are recruiting a Software Developer.

                  Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                  The Software Developer provides broad programming support to the University of Maryland Libraries for the development and delivery of Java-based software applications. The applications support development and management of web pages and large-scale digital collections. They include tools for cataloging, search, and discovery of digital collections, tools for acquisition of digital collections, access to and retrieval of digital objects in the collections, and tools for preservation and maintenance of digital collections over the long term.

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                    Web Services Librarian at Boston College Libraries

                    Posted in Scholarly Communication on December 4th, 2013

                    Boston College Libraries are recruiting a Web Services Librarian.

                    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                    As a member of the Library Systems Department, the Web Services Librarian will collaborate with Public Services managers and staff to ensure the smooth, reliable operation and usability of the libraries' key public-facing web content systems. He/she administers library web content management systems (e.g. LibGuides CMS and Drupal), working closely with web content owners and authors to make certain that library web pages are optimized to conform to indexing, design and stylistic standards. He/she conducts individual consultations, creates documentation, tutorials and other training materials to support staff users of Drupal, LibGuides CMS and other public-facing library web applications as required. He/She maintains CMS asset/shared content databases and ensures their continued accuracy and usability.

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                      Peer Review: An Introduction and Guide

                      Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication, Scholarly Journals on November 14th, 2013

                      The Publishing Research Consortium has released Peer Review: An Introduction and Guide.

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                      The reader of this short Guide will be left with a coherent and forward-looking overview of the processes, the shortcomings, and the innovations around peer review, and a deeper understanding of why peer review is such a vital element of effective scholarship.

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                        Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (October 31, 2013)

                        Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on November 1st, 2013

                        The latest bimonthly update of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog is now available. It provides information about selected new works related to scholarly electronic publishing, such as books, e-prints, journal articles, technical reports, and white papers.

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