"Blockchain Technology as a Regulatory Technology: From Code Is Law to Law Is Code"

Posted in Copyright, Emerging Technologies on December 7th, 2016

Primavera De Filippi and Samer Hassan have published "Blockchain Technology as a Regulatory Technology: From Code Is Law to Law Is Code" in First Monday.

Here's an excerpt:

To illustrate the extent to which blockchain code can assume the function of law, let us take the example of a hypothetical blockchain-based DRM system. Copyright law introduces "artificial scarcity" in the realm of information, by prohibiting (or constraining) the reproduction of creative works without the consent of the corresponding right holders. Yet, given the ease with which one can produce an identical copy of a digital work, copyright infringement has become widespread in the digital world. Since many years already, content providers have been relying on technological means (such as DRM systems, or other technological measures of protection) to restrain the way in which content can be accessed, used or reused by introducing a new set of technical rules, as a complement to the legal provisions of copyright law. Yet, most of these systems are limited by the fact that it is impossible to distinguish one digital file from another. By leveraging on the transparency and immutability of blockchain technologies, it is possible to restore the unicity and transferability of digital works, by linking every digital copy to a particular token on the blockchain. Authors can then associate these tokens with a particular set of rights to their digital works and trade them in the same way as they would trade digital tokens. Blockchain technology can thus be used to implement "artificial scarcity" at the level of each individual file—thus potentially allowing for the reintroduction of the first sale doctrine [11] in the digital realm, without the need to rely on any contractual or legal means.

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iPRES 2016: 13th International Conference on Digital Preservation Proceedings

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 6th, 2016

The iPRES 2016: 13th International Conference on Digital Preservation Proceedings is available as a 169-page PDF.

Here's an excerpt:

In keeping with previous years, the iPRES 2016 programme is organised into research and practice streams. This format ensures visibility and promotion of both academic research work and the projects and initiatives of institutions involved in digital preservation practices. Furthermore, work- shops and tutorials provide opportunities for participants to share information, knowledge and best practices, and explore opportunities for collaboration on new approaches.

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Library Technology Developer at Villanova University

Posted in Library IT Jobs on December 6th, 2016

Villanova University is recruiting a Library Technology Developer.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

Responsible for designing, developing, testing and deploying new technology methods, tools and resources to extend and enhance library services.

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"Assessing Safe Spaces for Digital Scholarship in the Library"

Posted in Digital Humanities, Digital Libraries, Research Libraries on December 6th, 2016

Rachel Wexelbaum has published "Assessing Safe Spaces for Digital Scholarship in the Library " in LIBRES.

Here's an excerpt:

Academic libraries, and the students and faculty that they serve, have different definitions of safe space. The attempts of both parties to construct a safe space for digital scholarship in the library can clash based on these divergent perspectives. While the number of academic libraries providing some form of digital scholarship support is increasing, the library definition of safe space, as well as the working culture of the library, has the potential to render libraries unsafe spaces for innovation and digital scholarship.

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Head, Library Technology Services at University of Massachusetts Amherst

Posted in Digital Library Jobs, Library IT Jobs on December 6th, 2016

The University of Massachusetts Amherst is recruiting a Head, Library Technology Services.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

The incumbent will be responsible for providing vision and leadership for infrastructure and support services for the Library's technology ecosystem; digital library development; enterprise systems; web infrastructure; teaching and learning technologies; administrative applications and platforms; and archive and preservation systems. Additionally, manage the design and implementation of processes, standards and procedures to ensure uninterrupted access to digital resources, system security, disaster recovery, and service management targets.

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"Current Status of Scientific Data Curation Research and Practices in Mainland China"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 6th, 2016

Shiyan Ou and Yu Zhou have published "Current Status of Scientific Data Curation Research and Practices in Mainland China" in LIBRES.

Here's an excerpt:

With the rapid growth in the body of scientific data, scientific research depends more and more on finding theories and knowledge from the data, and thus data-intensive scientific discovery has become the fourth paradigm of scientific research. Therefore, it is urgent to develop and adopt methods to support the collection, collation, preservation and utilization of scientific data. This paper provides an overview of scientific data curation research and practices in mainland China. Firstly, it reviews Chinese research articles on data curation and outlines the research status and progress in this area. Secondly, it surveys existing scientific data repositories or platforms in mainland China, and analyzes the gaps between China's and other countries' data curation practices.

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Data Visualization Specialist at Ohio State University

Posted in Digital Library Jobs on December 5th, 2016

Ohio State University is recruiting a Data Visualization Specialist.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

The Data Visualization Specialist will help researchers and project teams understand and use data visualization techniques to support their work; support the research agendas of faculty and students, enhance curricula, and encourage research innovation across the University relating to data visualization and visual thinking; provide consulting services to faculty and students and collaborate with other campus units already providing visualization and design services; work closely with the Data Management Services Librarian, the Digital Humanities Librarian, the GIS Specialist, the Head of Digital Initiatives, and others in both the Research Commons and elsewhere in University Libraries to increase understanding of visual data issues…

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"SHARE: Infrastructure for Open Scholarship"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on December 5th, 2016

Judy Ruttenberg has published "SHARE: Infrastructure for Open Scholarship" in College & Research Libraries News.

Here's an excerpt:

SHARE is a technology platform that aggregates free, open metadata about scholarship across the research life cycle (including proposals, registrations, data, publications, and more) from more than 125 sources, and is steadily adding more metadata providers. SHARE is discipline-agnostic in schema and in type of metadata source. With an application programming interface (API) and open metadata, SHARE can power or feed discovery services for new and emerging forms of scholarly expression in support of their exposure, recognition, and reuse.

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Digital Archivist for Records Management at MIT

Posted in Digital Library Jobs on December 5th, 2016

MIT is recruiting a Digital Archivist.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

Reporting to the Digital Archivist and Program Head for Born -digital Archives, the Digital Archivist for Records Management will acquire and process historically and institutionally significant digital collections for the IASC. As part of the Archives Collections team, the Archivist will provide advice and training regarding digital records management and transfer, appraise hybrid and born-digital collections, use digital forensics tools and techniques to triage digital material, and preparation of digital objects for preservation. The Digital Archivist for Records Management will implement and manage the Web archiving program for the MIT Libraries, which is based in the IASC and focused on Institute -created material. They will also be the lead resource for digital records management issues and solutions.

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"Building Tools to Facilitate Data Reuse"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on December 5th, 2016

Stefanie Kethers, Andrew Treloar, and Mingfang Wu have published "Building Tools to Facilitate Data Reuse" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

Here's an excerpt:

The Australian National Data Service (ANDS) has been funded by the Australian Government since 2009, with a goal to increase the value of data to researchers, research institutions and the nation. To achieve this goal, ANDS has funded more than 200 projects under seven programs. This paper provides an overview of one of these programs, the Applications Program, which focused on funding software infrastructure to enable data reuse to demonstrate the value of making data available to researchers. The paper also presents some representative projects, a summary of what the program has achieved, and lessons learned.

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Developer 2 at Minitex

Posted in Library IT Jobs on December 2nd, 2016

Minitex is recruiting a Developer 2.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

This position will build features and enhancements into the open source SimplyE mobile application. The employee in this position provides mobile application development and support; has deep experience and knowledge in iOS and Android development; works with Xcode, Objective-C, Swift, CocoaPods, Android Studio, Java, Maven, Android NDK, XML, JSON, OPDS; uses Git collaboratively with other team members. This is a one-year grant funded position.

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"Altmetrics and Grey Literature: Perspectives and Challenges"

Posted in E-Prints, Open Access, Scholarly Metrics, Self-Archiving on December 2nd, 2016

Joachim Schöpfel and Hêlêne Prost have self-archived "Altmetrics and Grey Literature: Perspectives and Challenges."

Here's an excerpt:

The topic of our paper is the connection between altmetrics and grey literature. Do altmetrics offer new opportunities for the development and impact of grey literature? In particular, the paper explores how altmetrics could add value to grey literature, in particular how reference managers, repositories, academic search engines and social networks can produce altmetrics of dissertations, reports, conference papers etc. We explore, too, how new altmetric tools incorporate grey literature as source for impact assessment, and if they do. The discussion analyses the potential but also the limits of the actual application of altmetrics to grey literatures and highlights the importance of unique identifiers, above all the DOI.

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