Google D.C. Talk: ACTA—The Global Treaty That Could Reshape the Internet

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on January 14th, 2010

The Google Public Policy channel has released Google D.C. Talk: ACTA—The Global Treaty That Could Reshape the Internet. ACTA stands for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement, a very important intellectual property rights treaty that is being secretly negotiated.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The panel will tackle important questions like: Will ACTA preserve the existing balance in intellectual property laws, providing not just enforcement for copyright holders but also appropriate exceptions for technology creators and users? Will it undermine the legal safe harbors that have allowed virtually every Internet service to come into existence? And will it encourage governments to endorse "three strikes" penalties that would take away a user's access to the Internet?

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    Assistant Dean for Collections and Technology at Western Washington University

    Posted in Library IT Jobs on January 14th, 2010

    The Western Washington University are recruiting an Assistant Dean for Collections and Technology.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

    The Western Washington University Libraries seek a dynamic, innovative, and decisive leader to serve as Assistant Dean for Collections and Technology. The person in this key leadership position will have policy, assessment, and planning responsibilities for Library IT, Collection Development, Cataloging, Acquisitions, and ILL, with a total staff of 25. We are in the early stages of re-visioning our organizational structure, and the Assistant Dean will provide leadership in rethinking past practices in light of new demands and opportunities. We are currently exploring ways to enhance the discovery of resources and information, expand support for digital collections, and improve the management of electronic resources. The successful candidate will be an accomplished leader who is skilled in managing change and building partnerships within the library, across campus, and the greater community.

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      ALA and ACRL Support Open Access in Comments to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

      Posted in ALA, Open Access on January 14th, 2010

      ALA and ACRL have submitted comments to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) calling for greater open access to federally funded research.

      Here's an excerpt from the press release:

      The ALA and ACRL have long believed that ensuring public access to the fruits of federally funded research is a logical, feasible, and widely beneficial goal. They provided information and evidence as the Executive Branch considers expanding public access policies, like that implemented by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to other federal agencies. Specifically, the ALA and ACRL recommend: which agencies should be covered, that policies should be mandatory, that earlier access is better, version and format recommendations, how to keep implementation costs reasonable, and the importance of supporting emerging scholarly practice.

      While greater access to publicly funded research has long been a high priority issue for academic libraries, ACRL President Lori Goetsch, Dean of Libraries at Kansas State University, emphasized that now is the time for public and school librarians to tell their stories.

      "What would it mean for members of your community to have better access to scholarly, scientific, and technical articles—paid with their own tax dollars through grants from agencies like NASA or the EPA?" Goetsch said. "How would it help small business owners starting up green technology companies? How would it help enhance teaching and learning in high schools?"

      In the past, the ALA and ACRL have supported NIH Public Access Policy and endorsed "The Federal Research Public Access Act of 2009" (S. 1373) noting the latter, "reflects ALA policy regarding access to Federal government information by providing for the long-term preservation of, and no-fee public access to, government-sponsored, tax-payer funded published research findings."

      The ALA and ACRL encourage all members to consider making comments, no later than January 21, to OSTP as individuals or libraries. More information is available on the OSTP Public Access Policy blog at http://blog.ostp.gov/category/public-access-policy. Comments can also be posted on OSTP’s blog. Comments e-mailed to publicaccess@ostp.gov are also accepted, but may be posted to the blog by the moderator. General comments, addressing any part of the Request for Information, may be submitted. See the full notice Federal Register notice at http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2009/E9-30725.htm for details.

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        Librarian, Scholarly Communication at University of Massachusetts Medical School

        Posted in Digital Library Jobs on January 14th, 2010

        The University of Massachusetts Medical School is recruiting a Librarian, Scholarly Communication.

        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

        Under direction of the head of the Research and Scholarly Communication Services Group this position is responsible for obtaining and managing information for library patrons specifically the research community at the University of Massachusetts Worcester (Medical School Graduate School of Nursing and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences); developing instructional classes on scholarly communication topics; evaluating and selecting electronic and traditional resources to provide information services and support outreach activities; actively develops professional competencies

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          Report and Recommendations from the Scholarly Publishing Roundtable

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Communication on January 14th, 2010

          The Scholarly Publishing Roundtable has released the Report and Recommendations from the Scholarly Publishing Roundtable.

          Here's an excerpt from the press release:

          An expert panel of librarians, library scientists, publishers, and university academic leaders today called on federal agencies that fund research to develop and implement policies that ensure free public access to the results of the research they fund "as soon as possible after those results have been published in a peer-reviewed journal."

          The Scholarly Publishing Roundtable was convened last summer by the U.S. House Committee on Science and Technology, in collaboration with the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). Policymakers asked the group to examine the current state of scholarly publishing and seek consensus recommendations for expanding public access to scholarly journal articles.

          The various communities represented in the Roundtable have been working to develop recommendations that would improve public access without curtailing the ability of the scientific publishing industry to publish peer- reviewed scientific articles.

          The Roundtable’s recommendations, endorsed in full by the overwhelming majority of the panel (12 out of 14 members), "seek to balance the need for and potential of increased access to scholarly articles with the need to preserve the essential functions of the scholarly publishing enterprise," according to the report. . . .

          The Roundtable identified a set of principles viewed as essential to a robust scholarly publishing system, including the need to preserve peer review, the necessity of adaptable publishing business models, the benefits of broader public access, the importance of archiving, and the interoperability of online content.

          In addition, the group affirmed the high value of the "version of record" for published articles and of all stakeholders' contributions to sustaining the best possible system of scholarly publishing during a time of tremendous change and innovation.

          To implement its core recommendation for public access, the Roundtable recommended the following:

          1. Agencies should work in full and open consultation with all stakeholders, as well as with OSTP, to develop their public access policies. Agencies should establish specific embargo periods between publication and public access.
          2. Policies should be guided by the need to foster interoperability.
          3. Every effort should be made to have the Version of Record as the version to which free access is provided.
          4. Government agencies should extend the reach of their public access policies through voluntary collaborations with non-governmental stakeholders.
          5. Policies should foster innovation in the research and educational use of scholarly publications.
          6. Government public access policies should address the need to resolve the challenges of long-term digital preservation.
          7. OSTP should establish a public access advisory committee to facilitate communication among government and nongovernment stakeholders.

          Read more about it at "Scholarly Publishing Roundtable Releases Report and Recommendations" and "Scholarly Publishing Roundtable Releases Report to Congress."

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            ALA Report: The Condition of U.S. Libraries: Trends, 1999-2009

            Posted in Libraries on January 13th, 2010

            ALA has released The Condition of U.S. Libraries: Trends, 1999-2009.

            Here's an excerpt from the press release:

            At every turn, news reports and research indicate fairly dramatic changes in U.S. library funding, services and staffing – most occurring in the last 18 months. According to a new report prepared by the American Library Association (ALA), libraries of all types are feeling the pinch of the economic downturn while managing sky-high use.

            Compiled from a broad range of available sources, The Condition of Libraries: 1999-2009 presents U.S. economic trends (2009), and summarizes trends in public, school and academic libraries across several library measures, including expenditures, staffing and services. The report also highlights trends in services provided to libraries by library cooperatives and consortia.

            “This report was prepared to inform and assist library leaders as they plan in these very difficult times,” said ALA Executive Director Keith Michael Fiels. “It succinctly brings together diverse strands of data from the past decade to provide a useful benchmark for the library community and its advocates.”

            As communities and academic campuses develop future fiscal plans, it is clear that all types of libraries are visibly hard hit. In a fall 2009 report prepared by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, 34 states had reported cuts to higher education, which impacts academic libraries; and 25 states had cut funding to K-12, which impacts school libraries. Total state budget shortfalls for fiscal year 2010 are $178 billion, and FY2011 are estimated to be roughly the same.

            Public libraries also have been affected. While the full impact of the economic downturn remains fluid and the data challenging to assemble, what is known is that flat funding has been an obstacle—perhaps even a chronic problem—for many libraries this entire decade. Confirming evidence from a 2006 ALA study of public library funding, a 2009 survey conducted as part of the Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study revealed a worsening of funding – about 20 percent reported flat funding continuing in FY2010 and a majority reported budget reductions. Of those with budget cuts, about 20 percent reported 5-to-10 percent reductions in FY2010 from FY2009.

            Library trends include. . .

            College and University Libraries

            • While student enrollment at colleges and universities has declined since 2004, library use continues to increase. During a typical week in 2008, academic libraries reported more than 20.3 million visits, up from 18.7 million in 2006. They also provided more than 498,000 informational services to groups attended by more than 8.9 million students and faculty, up from 471,000 sessions attended by 8.3 million in 2006;
            • In fall 2008, 72 percent of academic libraries reported providing library reference service by e-mail or the Web, about the same as in 2006; and
            • Operating expenditures rose modestly during the period 2002 to 2008.
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              Systems Librarian/Library Technology Manager at Illinois Institute of Technology

              Posted in Library IT Jobs on January 13th, 2010

              The Paul V. Galvin Library at the Illinois Institute of Technology is recruiting a Systems Librarian/Library Technology Manager.

              Here's an excerpt from ad:

              Design, implement, and manage a broad range of information technology-based systems and services for the Galvin Library, three branch libraries, and IIT Archives. Collaborate with library staff on the development of technology-supported services in support of teaching, learning, and research.

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                Lawrence Lessig on "Open Content and the Ethics of Science"

                Posted in Scholarly Communication on January 13th, 2010

                A presentation by Lawrence Lessig, Director of the Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics and a Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, on "Open Content and the Ethics of Science" at the University of Amsterdam Symposium on Open Content is now available on Blip.tv.

                1. Video of Lessig speaking
                2. Slides synchronized to speech audio
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                  Director, Integrated Library Systems at University of Southern California

                  Posted in Library IT Jobs on January 13th, 2010

                  The University of Southern California Libraries are recruiting a Director, Integrated Library Systems.

                  Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                  The Director, Integrated Library Systems (ILS) provides leadership in the planning, implementation, and management of the USC Libraries’ core library information systems and software such as the ILS and related systems such as open URL resolvers and electronic resources management systems, ensuring that these services support the USC Libraries Strategic Plan. The Director, ILS supervises the ILS unit and works collaboratively with library personnel and campus users to identify, recommend, implement, test and maintain software and provide user and operational support for library systems. The Director is also responsible for identifying gaps in service and recommending enhancements and improvements to address these areas. . . .

                  Reporting to the Associate Dean with responsibility for technology, the Director, ILS manages the ILS unit and has responsibility for the day-to-day operations of the ILS (SirsiDynix Unicorn/Symphony) and will assume a leadership role in envisioning and defining services and/or improvements that could be provided by the ILS. The Director, ILS works closely with the Director of Technical Services and Director of the Digital Library and consults with Library administrators and colleagues to establish priorities within the department for maintenance, software upgrades and other enhancements; administers, directs, and reviews ILS systems; assesses internal and external user needs, participates in the strategic planning process and identifies new services and/or improvements for ILS users in consultation with Public Services and Technical Services personnel; supervises technical staff responsible for the functions of library systems; serves as the technical liaison to the ILS managers in USC’s Law Library and Health Sciences Libraries; tracks projects and ensures that new services, upgrades and enhancements approved by the Dean’s Cabinet are implemented in a timely fashion and tested prior to release; defines and refines processes and procedures related to the ILS unit and its interaction with users of the ILS system both internal and external to the USC Libraries; develops and manages the budget for the ILS unit and ensures that services offered by the ILS unit meet users expectations for cost and timeliness.

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                    "Google Book Search and the Future of Books in Cyberspace"

                    Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on January 13th, 2010

                    Pamela Samuelson has self-archived "Google Book Search and the Future of Books in Cyberspace" in SSRN.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    The Google Book Search (GBS) initiative once promised to test the bounds of fair use, as the company started scanning millions of in-copyright books from the collections of major research libraries. The initial goal of this scanning was to make indexes of the books’ contents and to provide short snippets of book contents in response to pertinent search queries. The Authors Guild and five trade publishers sued Google in the fall of 2005 charging that this scanning activity was copyright infringement. Google defended by claiming fair use. Rather than litigating this important issue, however, the parties devised a radical plan to restructure the market for digital books, which was announced on October 28, 2008, by means of a class action settlement of the lawsuits. Approval of this settlement would give Google—and Google alone—a license to commercialize all out-of-print books and to make up to 20 per cent of their contents available in response to search queries (unless rights holders expressly forbade this).

                    This article discusses the glowingly optimistic predictions about the future of books in cyberspace promulgated by proponents of the GBS settlement and contrasts them with six categories of serious reservations that have emerged about the settlement. These more pessimistic views of GBS are reflected in the hundreds objections and numerous amicus curiae briefs filed with the court responsible for determining whether to approve the settlement. GBS poses risks for publishers, academic authors and libraries, professional writers, and readers as well as for competition and innovation in several markets and for the cultural ecology of knowledge. Serious concerns have also been expressed about the GBS settlement as an abuse of the class action process because it usurps legislative prerogatives. The article considers what might happen to the future of books in cyberspace if the GBS deal is not approved and recommends that regardless of whether the GBS settlement is approved, a consortium of research libraries ought to develop a digital database of books from their collections that would enhance access to books without posing the many risks to the public interest that the GBS deal has created

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                      University of Tennessee, Knoxville Gets IMLS Grant to Study Value of Academic Libraries

                      Posted in ARL Libraries, Grants, Research Libraries on January 12th, 2010

                      The University of Tennessee, Knoxville School of Information Sciences has been awarded an IMLS grant to study the value of academic libraries. It will collaborate with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Libraries and the Association of Research Libraries.

                      Here's an excerpt from the press release :

                      Carol Tenopir, a professor in the School of Information Sciences, is the lead investigator on the project; Paula Kaufman, University Librarian and Dean of Libraries at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is a co-principal investigator; and Martha Kyrillidou, Senior Director for Statistics and Service Quality Programs, is leading the project from ARL.

                      The three-year grant, entitled "Value, Outcomes, and Return on Investment of Academic Libraries (Lib-Value)," will work to enrich, expand, test, and implement methodologies measuring the return on investment (ROI) in academic libraries.

                      "There is an increasing need for academic librarians to demonstrate the return on investment and value of the library to the various stakeholders of the institution and to guide library management in the redirection of library funds to important products and services for the future," Tenopir said. Academic libraries actively participate in the many changes in scholarship, such as the move to e-science, collaborative and participatory scholarship, and focus on new materials such as data, multimedia, and born-digital assets. To remain relevant and central to the academic mission in the future, academic librarians need to be able to demonstrate the value that the academic library provides to the campus community using proven methods of measurement that will allow librarians to determine where their efforts should be concentrated and how funding should be allocated.

                      The results of the study will provide evidence and a set of tested methodologies and tools to help academic librarians demonstrate how the library provides value to its constituents and ROI to its funders, and to measure which products and services are of most value to enhancing the university’s mission. This project will greatly expand upon earlier studies to consider multiple measures of value that the academic library brings to teaching/learning, research, and social/professional/public engagement functions of the academic institution.

                      To ensure that the process will be rigorous, realistic, and highly visible in the academic library and university community, an experienced team of academic librarians and outstanding researchers bring their leadership, built on many years of experience, to the project. Two well-known researchers in the library field will serve as consultants: Bruce Kingma, an economist at Syracuse University, and Donald W. King, a statistician at the University of North Carolina at Chapel-Hill. Additional project participants include: Gayle Baker, Ken Wise, Rachel Fleming-May, Regina Mays, Crystal Sherline, and Andrea Baer at the University of Tennessee; Tina Chrzastowski at the University of Illinois; and Henry Gross, Gary Roebuck, and David Green at ARL.

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                        Digital Programs Archivist at University of North Carolina at Charlotte

                        Posted in Digital Library Jobs on January 12th, 2010

                        The J. Murrey Atkins Library at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte is recruiting a Digital Programs Archivist.

                        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                        Responsibilities:

                        • Collaborate in planning, creating, and managing digital collections
                          • Implement quality control procedures
                          • Prioritize and coordinate digital production
                          • Investigate, plan, and manage format conversions and migration
                          • Investigate and provide leadership in the implementation of appropriate metadata standards
                        • Maintain and expand web applications on the Special Collections Website using standards-compliant markup, emerging web technologies, and best practices.
                        • Collaborate in the planning, development, and implementation of electronic records preservation and access, particularly for University Archives related collections and manuscript collections
                        • Provide leadership in defining preservation and access protocols for born-digital materials
                        • Identify and collaborate with technical partners in Library Systems, UNC Charlotte ITS, and the College of Computing and Informatics to design and implement creative applications for access and preservation
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