Survey of Digital Preservation Practices in Canada: Final Report

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 17th, 2010

Library and Archives Canada has released Survey of Digital Preservation Practices in Canada: Final Report.

Here's an excerpt:

In 2008, Library and Archives Canada commissioned a survey on digital preservation practices in Canada in order to gain a clearer understanding of the current state. The intent was to determine existing practices and resources for digital preservation as well as to identify gaps and challenges. This report presents the results of this survey. . . .

The survey was divided into six sections: (1) Introduction, (2) Information about the repository, (3) General policies and practices, (4) Preservation practices, (5) Preservation resources, and (6) Challenges. Respondents who rated their organization's preservation capacity as very low were re-routed to an abridged version of the questionnaire.

The survey received 61 full responses from a variety of types of organizations: libraries, archives government departments/agencies, museums, research institutes, across a number of sectors: academic, governments and not-for profit. Although invitations were sent to several organizations in private industry, no responses were received from this sector.

Respondents' repository collections ranged from discrete collections of digitized monographs, images, or audio files, to data repositories, to broader scope, multiple format collections. The repository collections were also wide ranging in terms of size with the smallest collection having 70 objects and the largest collection containing over 8 million objects. 95% of respondents indicated that the content in the repositories was predominantly Canadian. That is, the content was produced in Canada or was about Canada.

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    Electronic Resources and Web Services Librarian at City University of New York's Lehman College

    Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 17th, 2010

    The Leonard Lief Library of the City University of New York's Lehman College is recruiting an Electronic Resources and Web Services Librarian.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad (job id: 2661):

    This position is primarily responsible for organization and maintenance of the Leonard Lief Library's electronic resources and website, which serves as information portal to the Lehman community and is migrating to a content management system. The work involves detailed tracking and maintenance of currently licensed electronic resources, as well as arranging for trials and evaluation of new resources under consideration.

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      Privacy: How Unique Is Your Web Browser?

      Posted in Privacy on May 17th, 2010

      The EFF has released How Unique Is Your Web Browser?

      Here's an excerpt from the press release:

      New research by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) has found that an overwhelming majority of web browsers have unique signatures—creating identifiable "fingerprints" that could be used to track you as you surf the Internet.

      The findings were the result of an experiment EFF conducted with volunteers who visited http://panopticlick.eff.org/. The website anonymously logged the configuration and version information from each participant's operating system, browser, and browser plug-ins—information that websites routinely access each time you visit—and compared that information to a database of configurations collected from almost a million other visitors. EFF found that 84% of the configuration combinations were unique and identifiable, creating unique and identifiable browser "fingerprints." Browsers with Adobe Flash or Java plug-ins installed were 94% unique and trackable.

      "We took measures to keep participants in our experiment anonymous, but most sites don't do that," said EFF Senior Staff Technologist Peter Eckersley. "In fact, several companies are already selling products that claim to use browser fingerprinting to help websites identify users and their online activities. This experiment is an important reality check, showing just how powerful these tracking mechanisms are."

      EFF found that some browsers were less likely to contain unique configurations, including those that block JavaScript, and some browser plug-ins may be able to be configured to limit the information your browser shares with the websites you visit. But overall, it is very difficult to reconfigure your browser to make it less identifiable. The best solution for web users may be to insist that new privacy protections be built into the browsers themselves.

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        Assistant Director for Information Technology at Iowa State University

        Posted in Digital Library Jobs, Library IT Jobs on May 17th, 2010

        The Iowa State University Library is recruiting an Assistant Director for Information Technology.

        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

        The Assistant Director for Information Technology fully participates in library-wide policy and budget development, strategic and operational planning, personnel management and programmatic assessment as a member of the Dean's administrative cabinet. Creatively leads and advances library information technology initiatives that support and drive all major library public digital programs that directly impact and support campus teaching and research. Represents the library in information technology issues and evolution within the university, the Iowa Regent system, the state, regionally and nationally. Responsible for oversight, assessment, planning and purchase of the Library's broad information technology infrastructure, including multiple and complex hardware platforms, commercial operating systems, and integrated software applications. Participates within the national information technology environment with expectations of influencing innovation and functional requirements in system design. Reports to the Dean of the Library.

        The duties of this position require the ability to formulate and implement innovative approaches and solutions to problems; ability to communicate and work effectively with all levels of clientele in a collaborative and changing environment; and a broad public service focus and commitment to user-centered services.

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          Keeping Research Data Safe 2

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 17th, 2010

          JISC has released Keeping Research Data Safe 2.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The first Keeping Research Data Safe study funded by JISC made a major contribution to understanding of long-term preservation costs for research data by developing a cost model and identifying cost variables for preserving research data in UK universities (Beagrie et al, 2008). The Keeping Research Data Safe 2 (KRDS2) project has built on this work and delivered the following:

          • A survey of cost information for digital preservation, collating and making available 13 survey responses for different cost datasets;
          • The KRDS activity model has been reviewed and its presentation and usability enhanced;
          • Cost information for four organisations (the Archaeology Data Service; National Digital Archive of Datasets; UK Data Archive; and University of Oxford) has been analysed in depth and presented in case studies;
          • A benefits framework has been produced and illustrated with two benefit case studies from the National Crystallography Service at Southampton University and the UK Data Archive at the University of Essex.
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            Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography, Version One

            Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on May 16th, 2010

            Version one of the Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography is now available from Digital Scholarship.

            This bibliography presents over 360 selected English-language articles, books, and technical reports that are useful in understanding digital curation and preservation. Most sources have been published between 2000 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 2000 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet, including e-prints for published articles in disciplinary archives and institutional repositories. Note that e-prints and published articles may not be identical. (See the scope note for further details.)

            The following recent Digital Scholarship publications may also be of interest:

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              Systems & Emerging Technologies Librarian at Mount Aloysius College

              Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 16th, 2010

              The Mount Aloysius College Library is recruiting a Systems & Emerging Technologies Librarian.

              Here's an excerpt from the ad:

              This 12 month position is responsible for managing the Library’s automation system, overseeing system upgrades, routine operation questions, problem reporting, and system reporting functions; also oversees setup, customization, and interlinking of library databases; maintains and updates the Library Web site; provides reference service including elementary IT support to students; and serves as faculty liaison providing information literacy instruction to Allied Health, Nursing, and Science disciplines. Position is required to teach one course per year and serve on College committees as appropriate. Some evening and weekend work required.

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                Electronic Theses and Dissertations: OpenETD Software Released

                Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Open Source Software on May 16th, 2010

                The Rutgers University Libraries have released OpenETD.

                Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                The Rutgers University Libraries are pleased to announce the availability of OpenETD, a web-based software application for managing the submission, approval, and distribution of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). OpenETD is the open source release of the Rutgers University Libraries. RUetd application and will be maintained on the RUetd annual release schedule. Releases will include fixes for known problems and recommendations for enhancements received from internal projects and the user community at large.

                OpenETD can be used as either a standalone ETD submission system, or it can be implemented as a component of an institutional repository by using its METS/XML export functionality. Using the METS/XML export functionality, native to OpenETD, implementers can export acquired ETDs to their local institutional repositories for preservation and presentation purposes.

                Features of OpenETD include:

                • UTF-8 Compliant

                  UTF-8 compliance ensures that diacritics, foreign languages, mathematical symbols, and other characters will be preserved in the metadata and abstract.

                • Support of multiple graduate schools

                  Large universities often have several graduate schools. OpenETD provides a centralized system for managing submissions from a System Administrator perspective while also limiting Reviewers' access to only their schools. OpenETD also allows schools to have their own unique degree types, program/curriculums, and submission terms and policies and embargo period(s).

                • Site configuration

                  Configurable unique title, logo, color scheme and footer information for the entire university or for each graduate school.

                • Local or Centralized Authentication

                  Configurable authentication module to use a centralized LDAP system or local system, or both. LDAP support is limited in release 1.1-beta of the software.

                • Support of supplementary files.

                  The ETDs often have supporting materials, all with unique metadata. Restrictions may be applied to acceptable filetypes.

                • Automated Margin and Page Number Validator

                  No more rulers! Reviewers can check margins and page numbers on PDF documents with this handy tool.

                • Email Notification System

                  Users are notified when the status of their paper changes. Reviewers are notified upon submission and resubmission. Email notifications may be turned off.

                • Graduation Report

                  Generate an Excel compatible report of all students with accepted papers for a given semester. This is useful for graduation role call, or the printing of name tags, letters, etc.

                • Semi-Automated Export to ProQuest/UMI

                  Export tools generate metadata and zip files of "accepted" ETDs for easy FTP upload to ProQuest's ETD processing facility.

                • Export in METS/XML

                  Export tools allow for the generation of METS/XML from submitted papers.

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                  Library Programmer at Brown University

                  Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 16th, 2010

                  The Brown University Library is recruiting a Library Programmer.

                  Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                  The incumbent explores and develops opportunities to integrate library resources and services into the University's course management system, online learning, and other campus initiatives. The incumbent creates and integrates web-based personalization tools including applet development (mobile applications, Google Gadgets, etc.). The incumbent gathers, reports, and evaluates web statistics and data. The Programmer provides technical support for content management systems such as Drupal and web publishing applications such as WordPress.

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                    University of Ottawa Becomes 125th ARL Member

                    Posted in ARL Libraries on May 16th, 2010

                    The University of Ottawa has become a member of the Association of Research Libraries.

                    Here's an excerpt from the press release :

                    At its 2010 Spring Membership Meeting held April 28-30, 2010, in Seattle, WA, the membership of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) voted to invite the University of Ottawa Library to join as its 125th member. Leslie Weir, University Librarian, accepted the invitation.

                    "This membership is significant as it is a reflection of the importance that the University of Ottawa has placed on research, making it the centrepiece of its academic programs," said Weir. "Scholarly communication is undergoing fundamental changes, and ARL is instrumental in advocating for and developing sustainable, viable models that meet the needs of the research community."

                    "It is with pride and a great sense of commitment that our Library becomes a member of the Association of Research Libraries," says Allan Rock, president of the University of Ottawa. "As Canada’s university, we understand that supporting our library is critical to our institution’s success in research and learning."

                    The vote of membership followed a multi-year review process of the uOttawa Library that considered both qualitative and quantitative documentation and involved site visits. The review also examined the breadth and depth of collections, uniqueness of research resources, services to the Library’s community, potential contributions to scholarship, and leadership in the library and information science profession. The review committee noted in particular the sustained growth of the institution and its support for the Library over the past decade.

                    "The Association of Research Libraries welcomes the University of Ottawa Library as our newest member and looks forward to working with them on addressing the many significant common issues currently facing the global research library community," said Brinley Franklin, ARL president. Charles B. Lowry, executive director of ARL, added, "ARL is delighted the University of Ottawa accepted our invitation to become a member of our association. The unique position it brings to membership in terms of location and language are of benefit to the Association and to the students, the faculty, and their scholarly colleagues and researchers throughout North America."

                    The University of Ottawa is a cosmopolitan community of over 40,000 students, faculty and staff who live, work, and study in both English and French in the heart of Canada's capital. As one of Canada’s top research-intensive universities, it is committed to excellence and encourages an interdisciplinary approach to knowledge creation. The Library brings together people, expertise, and knowledge resources in physical and virtual environments that foster research, teaching, and learning in both official languages. As a valued partner in the University community, the Library builds and preserves collections and facilitates the discovery and use of knowledge resources both within and beyond its walls through innovative services and technologies. For more information about the Library, visit http://www.biblio.uottawa.ca/index-e.php.

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                      Last Week’s DigitalKoans Tweets 2010-05-16

                      Posted in Last Week's DigitalKoan's Tweets on May 16th, 2010
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                        "Catching Up with the RIAA"

                        Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, P2P File Sharing on May 13th, 2010

                        Walt Crawford has published "Catching Up with the RIAA" in Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        Briefly, Jammie Thomas was the defendant in the first case where an RIAA filesharing infringement suit actually went to a jury—despite RIAA's best efforts to avoid that happening. Thomas seemed like a sympathetic defendant: Single mother, Native American. But her IP address was attached to a KaZaA account offering more than 1,700 recordings with a user name she'd apparently used for years on several different accounts…and shortly after receiving a settlement letter from RIAA, Thomas had Best Buy replace the hard drive in her PC. And, under questioning, said it had been replaced a year earlier. To make a long story short—up to October 2007, at least—the jury found her guilty, not surprising given the evidence in the case. The judgment was for $220,000. She appealed the decision, in part based on a claimed flaw in the jury instructions. That's where things stood at the time of the earlier article.

                        Court activities can sometimes seem to be in very slow motion. Most of this article brings things up to date on the Thomas case—and, so you're not too surprised, it's not over yet. (There's other stuff about RIAA and copyright at the end of the article—but the Jammie Thomas saga is fascinating.)

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