California Digital Library's Web Archiving Service

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 26th, 2009

The California Digital Library's Web Archiving Service's first collections are available at Web Archives: Yesterday's Web; Today's Archives.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

Researchers and scholars now will be able to delve into archived Web sites captured by the California Digital Library's Web Archiving Service (WAS). This new tool enables faculty, researchers and librarians to capture, curate and preserve Web sites, thus creating permanent archives available to researchers everywhere. The social history of our times is now being preserved in archives as rich and varied as the contentious 2003 California recall election, hundreds of California state Web archives, the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp Web archive and the Middle East Political Sites archive. New archives continually are being built and published and will appear along with the current archives, available at webarchives.cdlib.org/.

The Web has revolutionized our access to information. Documents and publications that once were difficult to find now are readily available to anyone at any time. Popular reactions to historical events unfold via blogs and personal Web sites, and we have an unprecedented view into popular culture and the formation of public policy. "This is a tool that can track censorship in China, political regimes in Iran, and social commentary around the world," states Laine Farley, California Digital Library's executive director. "CDL and the UC libraries are leading the way in building collections for the 21st century." . . .

CDL's Web Archiving Service is the result of a 4.5-year grant awarded by the Library of Congress National Digital Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program (NDIIPP). The program's mission is to develop a national strategy to collect, preserve and make available digital content, especially materials that are created only in digital formats, for current and future generations. Working with partners at the University of North Texas, New York University, Stanford University and the campuses of the University of California, the California Digital Library has built a service that is easy to use and allows librarians to begin preserving information that was slipping away. Martha Anderson, director of program management for NDIIPP at the Library of Congress, says, "There is a growing public interest in the archiving of public Web sites for future reference. The technical challenges of constantly changing sites and technologies and the enormity of the universe of potential content require immediate and focused action."

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    Open Access Repository Junction Project Funded

    Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on July 26th, 2009

    EDINA, the JISC National Data Centre based at the University of Edinburgh, has received a JISC grant for the Open Access Repository Junction project.

    Here's an excerpt from the press release :

    One of the objectives of the Depot [see the Depot project page] was to devise an unmediated (computer-assisted) reception and referral service, called Repository Junction, which collected information in order to redirect users to existing Institutional Repository (IR) services. This was to support the principal objective of the Depot, which was to provide a repository for author/researchers at institutions that did not (then) have an IR.

    The new project aims to develop the Repository Junction from its current simple form contained within the Depot, into a stand-alone broker mechanism which can be easily adopted and integrated by services or projects run by other institutions or organisations.

    OA-RJ will primarily look at addressing the problems of repository deposit currently faced by researchers who have written a multi-authored journal article associated with multiple institutions and grant-funding organisations. This project will test the broker model against a number of use case scenarios in ways that we expect to be sufficiently generic that it can be deployed in other repository workflows and environments.

    Read more about it at "Open Access Repository Junction."

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      Digital Projects Coordinator at the Library of Congress

      Posted in Digital Library Jobs on July 26th, 2009

      The Library of Congress is recruiting a Digital Projects Coordinator.

      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

      Analyzes and participates in the development of appropriate guidelines, standards and mechanisms for setting program priorities. Creates innovative approaches to software implementation within the broad framework of program strategies and goals using high level programming languages and other tools.

      Works collaboratively inside and outside the project team and program areas to facilitate and encourage the development and implementation of institution-wide and national best practices and standards. Attends conferences/meetings to make presentations or for professional development to keep abreast of current trends in technology.

      Directs studies and testing of digital library best practices and standards. Researches hardware and software to meet existing and anticipated needs. Develops cost estimates and makes recommendations for purchases of specialized hardware and associated software.

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        Digital Preservation: Data Transfer from Internet Archive's Archive-It to LOCKSS Demonstrated

        Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on July 26th, 2009

        Data has been successfully transferred from the Internet Archive's Archive-It service to LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe).

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          IT Specialist (INET) at the Smithsonian Institution Libraries

          Posted in Digital Library Jobs on July 26th, 2009

          The Smithsonian Institution Libraries are recruiting an IT Specialist (INET).

          Here's an excerpt from the ad:

          • Serves as an IT Specialist performing a wide range of web development, associated database design, data integration, and web support activities.
          • Develops new and maintains existing web projects and applications using established tools including MS SQL and ColdFusion, XHTML, XML and XSLT, CSS, JavaScript, AJAX, and JSON.
          • Develops or uses available APIs and web services to search, consume and interact with third-party data that follows library and W3C standards.
          • Assists in the review, analysis and development of web-based tools and architecture as they apply to the strategic goal of the library.
          • Assists in the development and maintenance of the Smithsonian's Digital Repository (currently using D-Space), including providing programming and server support and performing data transformations including MARC to MARCXML, and MARCXML to SQL.
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            OCLC Releases WorldCat Digital Collection Gateway

            Posted in Digital Asset Management Systems, OCLC on July 26th, 2009

            OCLC has released the WorldCat Digital Collection Gateway for CONTENTdm sites.

            Here's an excerpt from the press release:

            The WorldCat Digital Collection Gateway is available to all users of OCLC CONTENTdm Digital Collection Management software at no additional charge.

            The WorldCat Digital Collection Gateway offers libraries a self-service tool to easily upload metadata from their unique digital content to WorldCat, the world's largest online resource for finding items held in libraries. Once the metadata is in WorldCat, libraries' digital collections are more visible and discoverable by Web searchers through WorldCat.org, WorldCat Local (including the ‘quick start’ version), Google, Yahoo! and other popular search engines.

            "Libraries, museums and archives should do whatever they can to get their materials available online and expose their collections to users—wherever they are—on the Web,” said Roy Tennant, Senior Program Officer, OCLC Research. "The WorldCat Digital Collection Gateway is an easy and effective way to do this."

            The Gateway has been piloted in 12 institutions. Since May, the pilot participants used the Gateway self-service tools to upload thousands of records from their CONTENTdm collections into WorldCat. Because they have used the Gateway to set up profiles for their collections, the pilot users' metadata will be regularly uploaded to WorldCat as they add to their digital collections over time.

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              Kevin L. Smith on "Open Access and Authors’ Rights Management: A Possibility for Theology?"

              Posted in Author Rights, Copyright, Open Access on July 26th, 2009

              Kevin L. Smith, Scholarly Communications Officer at the Duke University Libraries, has published "Open Access and Authors’ Rights Management: A Possibility for Theology?" in Theological Librarianship: An Online Journal of the American Theological Library Association.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Several academic disciplines have begun to understand the benefits of open access to scholarship, both for scholars and for the general public. Scientific disciplines have led the way, partially due to the nature of scholarship in those areas and partially because they have felt the crisis in serials pricing more acutely than others. Theological studies, however, have largely been insulated from the push for open access; considering the reasons for that is the first task of this article. It is also the case, however, that the missionary impulse that stands behind much theological scholarship is a strong incentive to embrace the opportunities afforded by digital, online dissemination of research and writing. After discussing this imperative for global distribution, the bulk of the article focuses on how theological institutions, and especially their libraries, can encourage and support scholars in making their work freely accessible. Copyright issues, including the elements of a successful copyright management program, are discussed, as are some of the technological elements necessary for an efficient and discoverable open access repository. Options for licensing, both at ingestion of content and at dissemination to users are also considered. Finally, it is argued that the role of consortia and professional organizations in supporting these initiatives is especially important because of the relatively small size of so many theological institutions.

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                Forcing the Net Through a Sieve: Why Copyright Filtering is Not a Viable Solution for U.S. ISPs

                Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on July 26th, 2009

                Public Knowledge has released Forcing the Net Through a Sieve: Why Copyright Filtering is Not a Viable Solution for U.S. ISPs.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Copyright filtering, the latest proposed "magic bullet" solution from the major music and movie studios and industry trade groups, poses a number of dangers to Internet users, legitimate businesses and U.S. federal government initiatives to increase the speed, affordability and utilization of broadband Internet services. The following whitepaper presents a number of reasons why the use of copyright filters should not be allowed, encouraged or mandated on U.S. Internet Service Provider (ISP) networks. Among them:

                1. Copyright filters are both underinclusive and overinclusive. A copyright filter will fail to identify all unlawful or unwanted content while harming lawful uses of content.

                2. Copyright filter processing will add latency. Copyright filters will slow ISP networks, discouraging use, innovation and investment and harming users, businesses and technology policy initiatives.

                3. The implementation of copyright filters will result in a technological arms race. Users will act to circumvent the filters and the architects of the filters will find themselves caught in a costly, unwinnable arms race.

                4. Copyright filters do not make economic sense. The monetary costs associated with copyright filtering far outweigh any perceived benefits.

                5. Copyright filters will discourage investment in the Internet economy. Copyright filters will disrupt the Internet ecosystem, severely undermining our most promising engine for economic growth.

                6. Copyright filters will harm free speech. Due to technological limitations, copyright filters will harm lawful, protected forms of speech such as parody and satire.

                7. Copyright filters could undermine the safe harbor provisions that shield ISPs from liability. Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA), ISPs are shielded from liability for their users’ actions. Copyright filters could undermine these safe harbors, which have allowed the Internet to become the most important communications medium of the modern era.

                8. Copyright filtering could violate the Electronic Communications and Privacy Act. Copyright filtering could constitute unlawful interception under the Electronic Communications and Privacy Act (ECPA).

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                  Orphan Works: A Statement of Best Practices

                  Posted in Copyright on July 23rd, 2009

                  The Society of American Archivists has released Orphan Works: A Statement of Best Practices.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  "Orphan works" is a term used to describe the situation in which the owner of a copyrighted work cannot be identified and located by someone who wishes to make use of the work in a manner that requires permission of the copyright owner. Proposed orphan works legislation, such as the Orphan Works Act of 2008 (H.R. 5889) and the Shawn Bentley Orphan Works Act of 2008 (S.2913), would reduce penalties for infringement if an infringer "undertakes a diligent effort to locate the owner of the infringed copyright." This statement describes what professional archivists consider to be best practices regarding reasonable efforts to identify and locate rights holders. It is based on the authors' knowledge of the kinds of materials that are likely to qualify as orphan works

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                    JISC Final Report—CTREP, Cambridge TETRA Repositories Enhancement Project

                    Posted in Digital Repositories, DSpace, Fedora, Institutional Repositories, Learning Objects on July 23rd, 2009

                    JISC has released JISC Final Report—CTREP, Cambridge TETRA Repositories Enhancement Project .

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    CTREP created a connector between an Institutional VRE and an Institutional Repository. It is designed to be reusable in a number of different institutions where policy on deposit varies by means of a flexible deposit configuration system. In the process of executing the project:

                    • the various stakeholders came to understand institutional cultural differences and address them in such a way that recent projects with a strong Repository and research dissemination/visualisation aspect have been more joined up than would previously have been possible
                    • we developed an approach to policy expression designed both to avoid creating unnecessary tension within the institution during its development, and also to be authorable by a wide range of individuals
                    • we have sought to record and capture lessons learnt (based, in part on case studies) for future institutionalisation projects
                    • we developed a number of techniques which allowed apparent barriers to integration to be overcome by technical-architectural tools
                    • we open-sourced the integration
                    • we modified our approach to metadata/data binding in light of community feedback and developed a spreadsheet-based automated approach with which contributors felt comfortable, but which required a number of technical obstacles to be overcome through the use of creative programming techniques.
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                      Software Development Manager at King's College London

                      Posted in Digital Library Jobs on July 23rd, 2009

                      The Centre for e-Research at King's College London is recruiting a Software Development Manager.

                      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                      The Centre for e-Research at King's College London is seeking to appoint a Software Development Manager to lead its Software Development team, which carries out architectural, design and development work for a variety of projects, both College- and externally-funded, in the fields of digital libraries, digital repositories and research infrastructures. The post is open-ended (not fixed term).

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                        EMBRACE—EMBedding Repositories And Consortial Enhancement—Final Report

                        Posted in Digital Repositories, EPrints, Institutional Repositories on July 23rd, 2009

                        JISC has released EMBRACE—EMBedding Repositories And Consortial Enhancement—Final Report.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        EMBRACE (EMBedding Repositories And Consortial Enhancement) was an 18-month project led by UCL on behalf of the SHERPA-LEAP (London Eprints Access Project) Consortium, a group of 13 University of London institutions with institutional repositories.

                        The project had two strands, technical and strategic. In its technical strand, EMBRACE aimed to implement a number of technical improvements to enhance the functionality of the SHERPA-LEAP repositories. In a concurrent strategic strand, EMBRACE set out to investigate the challenges of embedding repositories of digital assets in institutional strategy to ensure repository sustainability.

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