Copyright for Creativity—A Declaration for Europe

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on May 9th, 2010

A coalition of organizations, including the European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations (EBLIDA), the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), the German Library Association (GLA), the Stichting LIBER Foundation (LIBER), the Special Libraries Association (SLA), and others, has released Copyright for Creativity—A Declaration for Europe.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

Copyright is based on both protection of creative works and exceptions to that protection, which allow for businesses and creators to innovate, make creative reuses of content, and to build on the work of others. For example, copyright protects a novelist’s rights over her novel, while an exception recognising parody would allow another writer to create a new work of parody based on the original. While copyright protects an academic’s published research, exceptions allow for others to cite, copy in-part, and quote from that research. A balance is therefore struck between the need to protect creators’ rights, and the public benefit that can be realised through reuses, references, and other derivations of the work being created.

These exceptions are key to enabling legitimate reuses and innovation, and the activity of a number of socially and economically important stakeholders depends on them. While the public debate and political agenda around copyright focuses heavily on measures to protect ownership of creative works, the Copyright for Creativity declaration sets out a positive agenda by identifying a set of objectives that need to be achieved if copyright is to fully drive digital competitiveness, creativity and innovation.

Among its recommendations, the declaration calls for European copyright law to act as a spur to innovation, support education and research, facilitate digital preservation and archiving, and harmonise exceptions further across the EU. Also accompanying the declaration are clear examples of the shortcomings of the existing copyright regime; these examples illustrate the application of copyright exceptions in everyday life and their benefit to everyone.

Today’s declaration is only a start, as the coalition expects many more signatories to join after the launch. Given that Members of the European Parliament already support the declaration, the coalition also expects it to serve as a basis for a much needed debate on copyright and the way to ensure that it best serves the interest of creators, innovators and users alike.

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    Information Technology (IT) Operations Manager at Boston Public Library

    Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 9th, 2010

    Boston Public Library is recruiting an Information Technology (IT) Operations Manager.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad (job ID: 338231):

    The Information Technology (IT) Operations Manager is responsible for developing, updating, overseeing and directing help desk and technical support operations, to ensure a functioning and optimal end user computing experience across the Boston Public Library's branch library locations, the central library and its departments, across both internal and public computing programs and services, and encompassing both online and onsite locations as needed.

    The IT Operations Manager directly manages the help desk and technical support staff. The IT Operations Manager will act internally and externally for the IT department as the deputy CTO as needed and on tasks and projects as assigned. This role will work closely and collaboratively with the Network, Server, Web Services and Applications Managers to ensure a well coordinated delivery of IT services to internal and external customers. This role is responsible for department scheduling, oversees personnel, and participates in strategic and budgetary planning procedures. This is both a hands-on technical and managerial position.

    The IT Operations Manager is responsible for maintaining the IT inventory for, procuring, supporting and delivering maintenance for: IT equipment and software licenses. They maintain vendor relationships with key service providers that support and provide technology for the end user computing environments.

    This role is responsible for the optimal operation of all client devices and end user computing environments hardware, peripherals, operating systems and user applications as well as those server applications and systems which directly support and help manage the end user computing environment. It is also responsible for escalation management and help desk systems administration

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      Users' Trust in Information Resources in the Web Environment: A Status Report

      Posted in Digital Culture on May 9th, 2010

      JISC has released Users' Trust in Information Resources in the Web Environment: A Status Report.

      Here's an excerpt:

      This study brings together the e-commerce, e-health and information trust literature to provide a broader picture of what is already known around issues of trust in the use of Web resources within Higher Education (HE). Herring (2005) believes the first aspect of teaching information seeking skills is to teach students how to evaluate the information they have found; he believes that "Information literacy is now regarded by governments across the world as a core educational and life skill, and schools have a key role to play in developing their student's information literacy" (Herring 2005: 91). The JISC JUBILEE project found that "Most students do not evaluate the information they retrieve electronically" (Banwell et al 2003). Rowlands et al (2008) found that young people are "unable to construct effective searches and evaluate the results. . . due to their lack of knowledge of the kinds of information content that exists." If there is an inability or lack of perceived need to evaluate Web resources, how are choices made relating to trust." Young people feel at ease in many virtual environments but this does not necessarily mean they are equally at ease in all virtual worlds, they are, however, acutely aware of the limitations and potential pitfalls surrounding internet use. Rather than being discouraged from over-dependence on the internet, what learners need are the tools to allow them to use the internet to their best advantages. These tools are not ICT skills, navigating a keyboard is vastly different from navigating the choppy waters of cyberspace (Pickard 2008). A key dimension of trust is the belief in ability; the expertise, skills or technical ability that another has in a certain area (Ridings & Gefen 2005). This aspect of the study focuses on identifying and assessing evidence to examine the choices individuals make based on trust and confidence within the Web environment.

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        Knowledge Integration & Emerging Technologies Librarian at Penn State Hershey

        Posted in Digital Library Jobs, Library IT Jobs on May 9th, 2010

        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

        The George T. Harrell Health Sciences Library at The Pennsylvania State University, Hershey Campus, seeks a Librarian for Knowledge Integration & Emerging Technologies. Reporting to the Director, the incumbent will create and articulate an evolving technology strategy to support the ongoing transition from a print to a predominately digital library. The Harrell Health Sciences Library supports the education, research, clinical, and community outreach missions of Penn State Hershey; the medical campus of Penn State University. This is a faculty position, may be multi-year contract or tenure track based on qualifications, experience, and preference.

        The Librarian for Knowledge Integration & Emerging Technologies will be responsible for providing leadership and expertise in designing, developing and supporting the library’s virtual presence. The librarian will lead the library’s web team and manage the Harrell HSL website within a CMS framework; identify initiatives and projects that enhance and further develop state-of the-art online library services and resources that simplify the workflow of clinicians, researchers and students; and collaborate with the IT departments, both on the Hershey campus and with University Libraries, to further develop and implement web based resources and services, and integrate relevant existing systems. Critical skills include demonstrated knowledge of advances in the application of information technologies to deliver content, the ability to function effectively in a team environment, and a facility for cross-departmental communications.

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          Planets Releases 7 Digital Preservation Training Videos and Related Materials

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 9th, 2010

          Planets (Preservation and Long-term Access through NETworked Services) has released seven training videos, an annotated reading list, and a set of technical summaries about digital preservation.

          Here's a list of the digital videos:

          • Introduction to Digital Preservation: Why Preserve? How to Preserve?
          • The Preservation Action Cycle: Introduction to Planets
          • How to Preserve?
          • Tools: How to Understand Files
          • Testbed: A Controlled Environment for Experimentation and Evaluation in Digital Preservation
          • Digital Preservation: How to Plan: Preservation Planning with Plato
          • Tools: How to Integrate the Components of Digital Preservation
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            Last Week’s DigitalKoans Tweets 2010-05-09

            Posted in Last Week's DigitalKoan's Tweets on May 9th, 2010
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              Queen's University Librarians and Archivists Pass Open Access Policy

              Posted in Open Access on May 6th, 2010

              Librarians and archivists at Queen's University have adopted an open access policy.

              Here's the policy:

              Librarians and archivists at Queen's University recognize the importance of open access to content creators and researchers in fostering new ideas, creating knowledge and ensuring that it is available as widely as possible. In keeping with our long-standing support of the Open Access movement, Queen's librarians and archivists move to adopt a policy which would ensure our research is disseminated as widely as possible and available in perpetuity through deposit in Queen's institutional repository, QSpace.

              Policy Statement

              Academic librarians and archivists at Queen's University [1] commit to making the best possible effort to publish in venues providing unrestricted public access to their works. They will endeavour to secure the right to self-archive their published materials, and will deposit these works in QSpace.

              The Queen's University academic librarian and archivist complement grant Queen's University Libraries the non-exclusive right to make their scholarly publications accessible through self-archiving in the QSpace institutional repository subject to copyright restrictions.

              Guidelines

              This policy applies to all scholarly and professional work produced as a member of Queen's University academic staff produced as of the date of the adoption of this policy. Retrospective deposit is encouraged. Co-authored works should be included with the permission of the other author(s).

              Examples of works include:

              • Scholarly and professional articles
              • Substantive presentations, including slides and text
              • Books/book chapters
              • Reports
              • Substantive pedagogical materials such as online tutorials

              Works should be deposited in QSpace as soon as is possible, recognizing that some publishers may impose an embargo period.

              This policy is effective as of 01/01/2010 and will be assessed a year after implementation.

              [1] As defined by Collective Agreement 2008-2011, Article 25.1.5.

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                Applications Programmer for Digital Scholarly Publishing at University of Michigan

                Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 6th, 2010

                The University of Michigan Library's Scholarly Publishing Office is recruiting an Applications Programmer for Digital Scholarly Publishing. Two-year appointment with the possibility for renewal. Salary: $40,000-$50,000.

                Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                The Scholarly Publishing Office (SPO) seeks an Application Developer to design and code the business and application logic for a variety of software systems in support of digital scholarly publishing. This position will work in a team with a Database Developer and an Interface Developer to create new applications for web delivery of content, and office productivity tools to enhance production workflow, as well as maintaining and improving existing systems.

                Duties will center on two main areas of work: designing, building, and migrating content into a new online publishing platform for our journal and monograph collections; and collaborative projects with the University of Michigan Press to create enhanced digital versions of their books and community-based tools.

                SPO is a unit of the MPublishing division of the University of Michigan Library. SPO is a highly collaborative environment that emphasizes team goals, and our programmer team has the opportunity to work with a variety of other technical units in the Library: Core Services and the Digital Library Production Service (DLPS) and their work on the Hathi Trust. We also collaborate with the other divisions within MPublishing: the Deep Blue institutional repository, the Copyright Office, the Text Creation Partnership, and the University of Michigan Press. To learn more about SPO, visit http://www.lib.umich.edu/spo/.

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