Review of the State of the Art of the Digital Curation of Research Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 6th, 2010

Alex Ball has deposited Review of the State of the Art of the Digital Curation of Research Data in Opus.

Here's an excerpt :

The aim of this report is to present the state of the art of the digital curation of research data, in terms of both theoretical understanding and practical application, and note points of particular interest to the ERIM Project. The report begins by reviewing the concepts of data curation and digital curation, and then exploring the terminologies currently in use for describing digital repositories and data lifecycles. Some parallels are also drawn between digital curation practice and design and engineering practice. Existing guidance on data curation from research funders, established data centres and the Digital Curation Centre is summarized in section 3. A review of some important standards and tools that have been developed to assist in research data management and digital repository management is presented in section 4. Finally, a short case study of implementing a new data management plan is presented in section 5, followed by some conclusions and recommendations in section 6.

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    Metadata Specialist at Mount Holyoke College

    Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 6th, 2010

    The Mount Holyoke College Library is recruiting a Metadata Specialist.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad (posting number: 0444):

    Reporting to the Head of Digital Assets and Preservation Services, the Metadata Specialist provides and maintains descriptive, technical, and structural metadata for digital content; supporting the Digital Assets and Preservation Services department responsible for the collaborative planning, implementation, integration, integrity, and continuous evaluation of the College's digital repository, including all policies, standards, and workflows. . . .

    Provides and maintains descriptive, technical, and structural metadata for digital content (including but not limited to research data, sound, video, images, text, teaching materials), acquired or created by Mount Holyoke College; evaluates and maintains quality control of metadata operations; maintains documentation on best practices and tracks developments on standards of all types (descriptive, technical, preservation, and administrative) to recommend and design appropriate metadata schema for discovery and access.

    Keeps abreast of new trends, tools, opportunities, and campus needs. Contributes to a continuous process of assessment to ensure the Digital Assets and Preservation Department's success in advancing the College's evolving goals in light of pedagogical, information, and technology changes. Assists the Department Head and works collaboratively with key members of LITS staff (Networking/Web Team, Research and Instruction, etc.) in identifying, planning, and implementing the best repository and/or discovery tool solutions for Mount Holyoke. Advises the Department Head and related LITS staff on metadata best practices as related to digital preservation.

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      Internet Archive Makes over a Million DAISY Standard Digital Books Freely Available to Blind, Dyslexic, and Visually Impaired Users

      Posted in E-Books, Open Access on May 6th, 2010

      The Internet Archive has made over one million digital books in the DAISY Standard for Digital Talking Books freely available to blind, dyslexic, and other visually impaired users.

      Here's an excerpt from the press release:

      More than doubling the number of books available to print disabled people of all ages, today the Internet Archive launched a new service that brings free access to more than 1 million books — from classic 19th century fiction and current novels to technical guides and research materials — now available in the specially designed format to support those who are blind, dyslexic or are otherwise visually impaired. . . .

      The 1 million+ books in the Internet Archive’s library for print disabled, are scanned from hard copy books then digitized into DAISY — a specialized format used by blind or other persons with disabilities, for easy navigation. Files are downloaded to devices that translate the text and read the books aloud for the user to enjoy. To access books visit: http://openlibrary.org/subjects/accessible_book. . . .

      Older books are available from the Internet Archive’s unencrypted DAISY library and modern books can be accessed by "qualified users" through their NLS key — an encrypted code provided by the Library of Congress' National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS), that is dedicated to providing materials to the print disabled. Currently, over 800,000 people in the US are registered with the Library of Congress as being print disabled.

      As of today, the Internet Archive offers over one million books for print disabled people. Other large libraries for the print disabled including NLS, Bookshare.org, and Reading for the Blind & Dyslexic.. . .

      Most of the older books have been scanned from library collections, with newer books having been donated to the Internet Archive by companies such as the online bookseller Alibris, libraries and individuals.

      The print disabled collection of books are now available through the Archive’s new Open Library site (www.openlibrary.org), which serves as a gateway to information about millions of hardcopy books and more than 1 million electronic books.

      To access all books, a United States resident with print disabilities must register with the Library of Congress http://www.loc.gov/nls/signup.html.

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        Presentations from the CNI Spring 2010 Task Force Meeting

        Posted in Digital Libraries, Digital Repositories on May 5th, 2010

        Presentations and handouts from the CNI Spring 20010 Task Force Meeting are now available.

        Here are a few example presentations:

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          Video Archive Project Manager at Yale

          Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 5th, 2010

          The Yale University Library is recruiting a Video Archive Project Manager, Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies (3-year appointment) Salary: $48,000-$68,000.

          Here's an excerpt from the ad (STARS no.: 9459BR):

          Reporting to the Fortunoff Video Archive Archivist, the Video Archive Project Manager will join a dynamic group of archivists, information technology personnel, and vendors to assist in designing a plan for the digital migration of more than 12,000 legacy videotapes. Applying leadership, strategic thinking, and decision-making skills, the Video Archive Project Manager will implement the plan and manage timely completion of the migration project to preserve and provide improved access to the testimonies. . . .

          1. Participates in design of plan to migrate legacy videotapes (U-Matic, Betacam, and other formats in both NTSC and PAL standards) to preservation digital files (losslessly compressed MJPEG2K) on data tape library system (LTO5), and digital access files (mezzanine files – probably H.264), and streaming files (probably DV) on spinning disk storage (likely Isilon storage).
          2. Provides technical support for implementing migration plan in a complex video digital migration facility, including installation, trouble shooting, and maintenance of electronic and mechanical audio-video production equipment and technology distributions systems.
          3. Implements, supervises, and documents the day-to-day migration workflow for retrieval of legacy videotapes, inspection and cleaning, digitization, quality assurance, transmission of data files and metadata to permanent file locations, and return of legacy tapes to Library Shelving Facility. Troubleshoots and modifies workflow as needed to result in successful migration within project deadlines. Ensures adherence to productions schedules and quality standards.
          4. Partners with appropriate department and library colleagues and university offices and staff (Information Technology Services, Office of Digital Assets and Infrastructure) to develop institutional standards and best practices campus-wide for audio-video digital migration.
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            Ensuring That 'E' Doesn't Mean Ephemeral: A Practical Guide to E-Journal Archiving Solutions

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, E-Journals, Scholarly Journals on May 5th, 2010

            JISC has released Ensuring That 'E' Doesn't Mean Ephemeral: A Practical Guide to E-Journal Archiving Solutions, which discusses CLOCKSS, Portico, and the UK LOCKSS Alliance.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This booklet provides a starting point for institutions interested in investigating e-archiving options. It gives a practical guide to the solutions offered by three of the main long-term preservation schemes and provides an overview of the distinguishing features of each solution.

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              Head of Emerging Technologies and Services at Oregon State University

              Posted in Digital Library Jobs, Library IT Jobs on May 5th, 2010

              The Oregon State University Libraries are recruiting a Head of Emerging Technologies and Services.

              Here's an excerpt from the ad:

              The Head of Emerging Technologies and Services is a key administrative position at the OSU Libraries. As the primary technology architect and planner for the OSU Libraries, the Head of ETS uses his/her knowledge of current and emerging information technologies, protocols, and concepts to keep core application systems effective, evolving and nimble. He/she will position ETS to take advantage of innovative technical opportunities and inform the OSU Libraries' management and staff of new technology options. The Head of ETS sets the technology infrastructure directions and ensures that the library maintains reliable, scalable, and sustainable server and networking infrastructure, vibrant web services, and expanding digital initiatives. The Head of ETS represents the Libraries on information technology groups on the OSU campus and externally, is expected to establish and maintain effective partnerships and collaborations, and serves as the primary spokesperson on issues and policies related to information technology for the OSU Libraries.

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                The Fate of the Semantic Web

                Posted in Emerging Technologies on May 5th, 2010

                The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released The Fate of the Semantic Web.

                Here's an excerpt:

                Some 895 experts responded to the invitation of the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project and Elon University’s Imagining the Internet Center to predict the likely progress toward achieving the goals of the semantic web by the year 2020. Asked to think about the likelihood that Berners-Lee and his allies will realize their vision, often called Web 3.0, these technology experts and stakeholders were divided and often contentious.

                Some 47% agreed with the statement:

                "By 2020, the semantic web envisioned by Tim Berners-Lee will not be as fully effective as its creators hoped and average users will not have noticed much of a difference."

                Some 41% agreed with the opposite statement, which posited:

                "By 2020, the semantic web envisioned by Tim Berners-Lee and his allies will have been achieved to a significant degree and have clearly made a difference to average internet users."

                Experts generally agreed that progress will continue to be made in making the web more useful and information retrieval and assessment more meaningful. They recognized the fact that there are already elements and programs of the semantic web in place that are helping people more easily navigate their lives. While many survey participants noted that current and emerging technologies are being leveraged toward positive web evolution in regard to linking data, there was no consensus on the technical mechanisms and human actions that might lead to the next wave of improvements—nor how extensive the changes might be.

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