Daily Tweets 2010-10-21

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on October 21st, 2010
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    Australian National University Adopts Open Access Policy

    Posted in Open Access on October 20th, 2010

    The Australian National University has adopted an open access policy. The policy is embodied in three documents: (1) "Guidelines: Depositing Scholarly Work to the ANU Research Repository," (2) "Policy: Code of Practice for Scholarly Publication and Dissemination at ANU," and (3) "Policy: Intellectual Property."

    Here's an excerpt from the "Policy: Intellectual Property":

    Section 6. Terms of Publication: Open Access

    6.1 The object of this Section is to promote the availability of Scholarly Works Created within the University free or at a low cost to Members and the public in accordance with Open Access Principles, without causing unreasonable detriment to the creating Member.

    6.2 A Member who Creates a Scholarly Work must, when it is accepted by a publisher for publication or otherwise the Member deems the work ready for publication, provide a copy of the Scholarly Work to the University.

    6.3 Subject to Sub-section 6.4, copies of Scholarly Works received by the University under this Section may be made published by the University to Members or the public.

    6.4 If the Member reasonably believes that the exercise by the University of rights under Sub-section 6.3 may:

    a) impede the Member's ability to disseminate the Scholarly Work by publication through a third party or otherwise;

    (b) result in unreasonable financial loss to the Member; or

    (c) impede collaboration with co-authors outside the University,

    the Member may, when providing the work to the University, indicate that the work may not be published by the University or it may not be published by the University for a specified time.

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      Scholarly Communications Librarian at Boston College

      Posted in Digital Library Jobs on October 20th, 2010

      The Boston College Libraries are recruiting a Scholarly Communications Librarian.

      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

      The Boston College Libraries seek an energetic and innovative leader to develop the Libraries' eScholarship@BC institutional repository program and associated initiatives to highlight and preserve the scholarly and research output of the University. The Scholarly Communication Librarian plays a key outreach role, promoting new forms of scholarly publication and Open Access (OA) activities and educating the Boston College community on intellectual property issues related to scholarly publishing. Working closely with both internal partners in the BC Libraries and external stakeholders (particularly faculty), The Scholarly Communication Librarian plays a central role in promoting eScholarship@BC and establishing the BC Libraries as a hub of conversation and services around scholarly communication and publishing.

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        Trinity College Dublin Adopts Open Access Policy

        Posted in Open Access on October 20th, 2010

        Trinity College Dublin has adopted an open access policy.

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        In a move aimed at broadening access to its research and scholarship, Trinity College Dublin has adopted a policy to make its scholarly articles available to the public for free and open online access. The new policy confirms Trinity's commitment to disseminating its research outputs and scholarship as widely as possible. This move places Trinity at the forefront of academic institutions worldwide that are pioneering the move to Open Access.

        Trinity's Dean of Research, Dr David Lloyd said: "Knowledge must be accessible widely if its benefits are to impact on society. Trinity is proud to make the work of our world class researchers and scholars available on open access. This policy means that the institutional supports will be in place to assist our researchers in making their work freely available.”

        Under the new policy, faculty authors give TCD nonexclusive permission to disseminate their journal articles and other scholarly publications for open access through TARA, Trinity's Access to Research Archive. The policy covers all scholarly articles, peer reviewed conference papers, reports and TCD research theses. The deposit of books, book chapters and datasets associated with published research is strongly encouraged.

        TCD's Open Access policy is the first such policy adopted by an Irish university and is the result of an ongoing partnership between TCD Library and its Faculty to capture the intellectual outputs of the University, facilitate access to them via the Web and maintain and preserve that access into the future. TCD's resolution is similar to those adopted by the universities of Harvard, Stanford, and MIT, but differs from those policies in that it does not require faculty members to retain copyright to their publications. Instead, it works within the boundaries of scholarly publishers' copyright policies (up to 95% of these publishers allow authors to make some version of their papers freely accessible).

        The new policy was approved unanimously at Trinity's recent Research Committee meeting and will take immediate effect.

        Open Access policies have been adopted by over 96 universities worldwide and 46 research funding councils. Major research funders such as the U.S. National Institutes of Health, the Wellcome Trust, the European Research Council and all UK research funding councils have mandated Open Access, as have almost all Irish funders (such as the Irish Research Council for Science Engineering and Technology (IRCSET), Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) and the Higher Education Authority (HEA)). Last year, Dublin Institute of Technology became the first Irish Higher Education Institution to adopt an Open Access policy.

        Here's an excerpt from the policy:

        To assist the University in providing Open Access to all scholarly papers published by its members of staff and research students, each staff member and research student will provide, immediately upon acceptance for publication, an electronic copy of the final peer-reviewed draft of each article at no charge to the appropriate representative of the Provost's Office in an appropriate format (such as PDF) specified by the Provost's Office. This can be done either by depositing it directly in TARA via the Research Support System or by emailing it to the Library to be deposited in our open access institutional repository on the author's behalf. Metadata will be made publicly available immediately; open access to the full text paper will be available as soon as is practicable, and not later than six months after publication. Embargos will be applied as necessary.

        In order to support our researchers to comply with funders' Open Access mandates and in keeping with College's Information Systems Policy Guidelines and its requirement to reduce duplication of the creation of the same data, when metadata and papers are deposited in TARA the Library will undertake to assist with the deposit and/or enable harvesting of scholarly publications to other repositories (eg PubMed Central) as required by funders such as NIH, Wellcome Trust, SFI (life sciences), and HRB. Compliance with this policy automatically confers compliance with the IRCSET, HEA, European Research Council and SFI mandates.

        The policy will apply to all scholarly articles, peer reviewed conference papers, reports and TCD research theses written while the person is a member of staff or a research student except for any publications completed before the adoption of this policy. The deposit of books, book chapters and datasets associated with published research is strongly encouraged. The Library will undertake to develop and monitor a plan for a service or mechanism that will render compliance with this policy as convenient for our researchers as possible.

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          Harvard Signs Budapest Open Access Initiative and Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

          Posted in ARL Libraries, Open Access, Scholarly Communication on October 20th, 2010

          Harvard University has signed the Budapest Open Access Initiative and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities.

          Here's an excerpt from the press release:

          Harvard is committed to making research freely and widely available and working with other organizations to support this goal. Harvard’s endorsement of these two proclamations expresses the university’s support for the principles of open access, consistent with other policy actions that the university has undertaken, including enactment of open access policies in our faculties, development of open access repositories for distributing Harvard research, and support for open access journals through leadership in the Compact for Open-Access Publishing Equity.

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            Daily Tweets 2010-10-20

            Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on October 20th, 2010
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              "Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research"

              Posted in Open Access, Scholarly Metrics, Self-Archiving on October 19th, 2010

              Yassine Gargouri et al. have published "Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research" in PLoS ONE.

              Here's an excerpt:

              Background

              Articles whose authors have supplemented subscription-based access to the publisher's version by self-archiving their own final draft to make it accessible free for all on the web (“Open Access”, OA) are cited significantly more than articles in the same journal and year that have not been made OA. Some have suggested that this “OA Advantage” may not be causal but just a self-selection bias, because authors preferentially make higher-quality articles OA. To test this we compared self-selective self-archiving with mandatory self-archiving for a sample of 27,197 articles published 2002-2006 in 1,984 journals.

              Methodology/Principal Findings

              The OA Advantage proved just as high for both. Logistic regression analysis showed that the advantage is independent of other correlates of citations (article age; journal impact factor; number of co-authors, references or pages; field; article type; or country) and highest for the most highly cited articles. The OA Advantage is real, independent and causal, but skewed. Its size is indeed correlated with quality, just as citations themselves are (the top 20% of articles receive about 80% of all citations).

              Conclusions/Significance

              The OA advantage is greater for the more citable articles, not because of a quality bias from authors self-selecting what to make OA, but because of a quality advantage, from users self-selecting what to use and cite, freed by OA from the constraints of selective accessibility to subscribers only. It is hoped that these findings will help motivate the adoption of OA self-archiving mandates by universities, research institutions and research funders.

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                One Year On: Evaluating the Initial Impact of the Scottish Higher Education Digital Library (SHEDL)

                Posted in Electronic Resources, Licenses, Reports and White Papers on October 19th, 2010

                RIN and the Scottish Confederation of University and Research Libraries (SCURL) have released One Year On: Evaluating the Initial Impact of the Scottish Higher Education Digital Library (SHEDL).

                Here's an excerpt:

                SHEDL was formally established as a ‘bloc’ purchaser for the nineteen Scottish HEIs by SCURL, the Scottish Confederation of University & Research Libraries, in 2008. Its first three licences, comprising over 1,500 online journals published by the American Chemical Society, Cambridge University Press and Springer, came into effect in January 2009.

                This report presents the findings of an evaluation of changes to usage and cost-per-use since SHEDL was established. This report cannot show long-term trends, since it covers only the first year of SHEDL’s existence. Nevertheless, it provides an overview of the initial changes that have followed the introduction of the three SHEDL licences.

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