"Building Research Cyberinfrastructure at Small/Medium Research Institutions"

Posted in Cyberinfrastructure/E-Science on September 28th, 2010

Anne Agee, Theresa Rowe, Melissa Woo, and David Woods have published "Building Research Cyberinfrastructure at Small/Medium Research Institutions" in EDUCAUSE Quarterly.

Here's an excerpt:

To build a respectable cyberinfrastructure, the IT organizations at small/medium research institutions need to use creativity in discovering the needs of their researchers, setting priorities for support, developing support strategies, funding and implementing cyberinfrastructure, and building partnerships to enhance research support. This article presents the viewpoints of four small-to-medium-sized research universities who have struggled with the issue of providing appropriate cyberinfrastructure support for their research enterprises. All four universities have strategic goals for raising the level of research activity and increasing extramural funding for research.

Technology Systems Librarian/Administrator at Orange County Public Law Library

Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 28th, 2010

The Orange County Public Law Library is recruiting a Technology Systems Librarian/Administrator. Salary: $64,688-74,880.

Here's an excerpt from the ad

  • Oversee all Information Technology activities for Library, including budgeting, program and project planning, system security, and maintenance of all hardware, software, and peripheral equipment
  • Serve as web master for library
  • Provide technical support to staff and patrons in use of all systems & applications

Report on Digital Preservation Practice and Plans amongst LIBER Members with Recommendations for Practical Action

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on September 28th, 2010

EuropeanaTravel has released Report on Digital Preservation Practice and Plans amongst LIBER Members with Recommendations for Practical Action.

Here's an excerpt:

As part of Work package 1 concerned with planning digitisation, a survey was designed to collect information about digital preservation practice and plans amongst all LIBER member libraries to inform future activity of LIBER’s Working Group on Preservation and Digital Curation. The survey focused on the digital preservation of digitised material.

The major findings are as follows:

  • Some LIBER members have already been engaged in digitisation activities. The number of institutions with digitisation activities and the volume of digitised material are expected to grow further in the future.
  • There is a mismatch between the perceived high value of digitised material and the frequent lack of a written policy/ procedure addressing the digital preservation of these collections. A number of the institutions without an according written policy stated they were working on developing and establishing one.
  • Storage and development of tools are areas where considerable investments are made by the majority of institutions surveyed. Those are also the fields where many of the institutions face difficulties.
  • Investments in staff assigned to digital preservation task are still inadequate at several institutions.
  • Some digital preservation practices and basic integrity measurements are more widespread than others. More than half of the institutions which responded already have an archive dedicated to digitised collections in place, use preservation metadata standards and format restrictions to support preservation, have processes of bitstream preservation implemented and provide staff training in the area of digital preservation. One can identify a clear tendency that emulation strategy is less commonly used than migration and other migration supporting practices.
  • Difficulties in establishing digital archives with a functioning preservation system, the frequent lack of institutional strategies concerning digitisation and digital preservation and funding problems seem to be amongst the most serious problems faced by LIBER members.

Daily Tweets 2010-09-28

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on September 28th, 2010

Daily Tweets 2010-09-27

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on September 27th, 2010

"Why Linked Data is Not Enough for Scientists"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Linking, Linked Data, and Semantic Web on September 26th, 2010

Sean Bechhofer et al. have self-archived "Why Linked Data is Not Enough for Scientists" in the ECS EPrints Repository

Here's an excerpt:

Scientific data stands to represent a significant portion of the linked open data cloud and science itself stands to benefit from the data fusion capability that this will afford. However, simply publishing linked data into the cloud does not necessarily meet the requirements of reuse. Publishing has requirements of provenance, quality, credit, attribution, methods in order to provide the reproducibility that allows validation of results. In this paper we make the case for a scientific data publication model on top of linked data and introduce the notion of Research Objects as first class citizens for sharing and publishing.

"OpenAccess Statistics: Alternative Impact Measures for Open Access Documents?"

Posted in Open Access, Scholarly Metrics on September 26th, 2010

Ulrich Herb has self-archived "OpenAccess Statistics: Alternative Impact Measures for Open Access Documents? An Examination How to Generate Interoperable Usage Information from Distributed Open Access Services" in E-LIS.

Here's an excerpt:

Publishing and bibliometric indicators are of utmost relevance for scientists and research institutions as the impact or importance of a publication (or even of a scientist or an institution) is mostly regarded to be equivalent to a citation-based indicator, e.g. in form of the Journal Impact Factor or the Hirsch-Index. Both on an individual and an institutional level performance measurement depends strongly on these impact scores. This contribution shows that most common methods to assess the impact of scientific publications often discriminate Open Access publications — and by that reduce the attractiveness of Open Access for scientists. Assuming that the motivation to use Open Access publishing services (e.g. a journal or a repository) would increase if these services would convey some sort of reputation or impact to the scientists, alternative models of impact are discussed. Prevailing research results indicate that alternative metrics based on usage information of electronic documents are suitable to complement or to relativize citation-based indicators. Furthermore an insight into the project OpenAccess-Statistics OA-S is given. OA-S implemented an infrastructure to collect document-related usage information from distributed Open Access Repositories in an aggregator service in order to generate interoperable document access information according to three standards (COUNTER, LogEc and IFABC). The service also guarantees the deduplication of users and identical documents on different servers. In a second phase it is not only planned to implement added services like recommender features, but also to evaluate alternative impact metrics based on usage patterns of electronic documents.

Library Systems Specialist at Binghamton University

Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 26th, 2010

The Binghamton University Libraries are recruiting a Library Systems Specialist (Lead Programmer/Analyst).

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

The Library Technology Department supports the various systems related needs in the Library. The incumbent provides excellent service and support to Library staff and users as well as communicating effectively with all Library departments and with Computing Services. The position reports to the Assistant Director for Library Technology. 

Responsibilities include:

  • Install, upgrade, maintain, and provide technical support for all aspects of staff desktop and laptop computers, public computers (Microsoft Windows 7 and XP, Mac OS X), printers, and peripherals.
  • Troubleshoot, resolve, and support Library-specific and other software applications; e-mail, Microsoft Office Suite, Aleph client, Ariel, electronic reserves, Adobe Creative Suite, and scanning software.
  • The successful candidate is responsible for overall customer satisfaction as the primary contact for help desk support during normal business hours.
  • Resolve staff and patron's technical problems in a timely and professional manner.
  • Provide training to staff on all aspects of Library applications, work-flow and general technology trends.
  • Maintain/increase personal knowledge and skills through continuing education and professional development.

Internet Archive Announces That University of Toronto Has Digitized 250,000 Books

Posted in ARL Libraries, Digitization, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Open Access on September 26th, 2010

Brewster Kahle of the Internet Archive has announced that the University of Toronto has digitized 250,000 books.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

When I talked with Carole Moore, the fantastic librarian from University of Toronto, about 6 years ago, she had a vision of scanning 250,000 books from their libraries. Well, a few days ago she succeeded. (http://www.archive.org/details/university_of_toronto)

It has been a winding road to here, with financial help from Yahoo and Microsoft, from the Canadian government and from the University of Toronto—but she got there in grand style. . . .

250,000 books for free to the world from one of the great libraries in the world.

Daily Tweets 2010-09-26

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on September 26th, 2010

Emerging Technologies Librarian at Central Oregon Community College

Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 23rd, 2010

The Central Oregon Community College Library is recruiting an Emerging Technologies Librarian. Salary: $46,817-$55,734.

Here's an excerpt from the ad (posting number: 0600244):

Reporting to the College Librarian, this position will be a member of the leadership team of the library and will work closely with the Associate College Librarian for Information and Access, the Associate College Librarian for Collections and Acquisitions, and the two resident OSU-Cascades librarians. The Emerging Technologies Librarian will manage current systems, including a shared ILS with OSU. This Librarian will also research, recommend, and implement emerging library information technologies. This position requires the ability to work collaboratively with all departments in the library, faculty and students, OSU Valley Library, the Orbis Cascade Alliance, and its members and partners. The Emerging Technologies Librarian will work closely with the campus IT department in maintaining, troubleshooting, recommending and implementing technology vital to the library's mission.

First Sale Doctrine: "Digital Exhaustion"

Posted in Copyright on September 23rd, 2010

Aaron Perzanowski and Jason Schultz have self-archived "Digital Exhaustion" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

As digital networks emerge as the dominant means of distributing copyrighted works, the first sale doctrine is increasingly marginalized. The limitations first sale places on the exclusive right of distribution are of little importance when the alienation and use of copies entails their reproduction. This fact of the modern copyright marketplace has led to calls for statutory clarification of digital first sale rights.

Acknowledging the obstacles to legislative intervention, this Article argues that courts are equipped today to limit copyright exclusivity in order to enable copy owners to make traditionally lawful uses of their copies, including resale through secondary markets. We argue that first sale is not simply an isolated limitation on the distribution right. Instead, it is a component of a broader principle of copyright exhaustion that emerges from early case law preceding the Supreme Court’s foundational decision in Bobbs-Merrill v. Strauss. This context reveals a common law of copyright exhaustion that embraces a set of user privileges that includes not only alienation, but renewal, repair, adaptation, and preservation. Despite congressional recognition of exhaustion in sections 109 and 117 of the Copyright Act, this Article concludes that courts have ample room to apply and continue to develop common law rules that preserve the many benefits of the first sale doctrine in the digital marketplace.

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