"The Size of the EU Public Domain"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on October 17th, 2010

Rufus Pollock and Paul Stepan have self-archived "The Size of the EU Public Domain."

Here's an excerpt:

This paper reports results from a large recent study of the public domain in the European Union. Based on a combination of catalogue and survey data our figures for the number of items (and works) in the public domain extend across a variety of media and provide one of the first quantitative estimates of the 'size' of the public domain in any jurisdiction.

See also their related eprint "The Value of the EU Public Domain."

Daily Tweets 2010-10-17

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on October 17th, 2010

New XHTML Version of Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access with Live Links

Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Open Access, Scholarly Communication on October 12th, 2010

Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography is now available as an XHTML website with live links to many included works. All versions of the bibliography are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

This bibliography presents over 1,100 selected English-language scholarly works useful in understanding the open access movement's efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature. The bibliography primarily includes books and published journal articles. (See the "Preface" for further details about scope and selection criteria).

DigitalKoans Back on 10/18/10

Posted in Announcements on October 10th, 2010

DigitalKoans postings will resume on 10/18/10.

Daily Tweets 2010-10-10

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on October 10th, 2010

Daily Tweets 2010-10-08

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on October 8th, 2010

Riding the Wave—How Europe Can Gain from the Rising Tide of Scientific Data

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on October 7th, 2010

The High-Level Group on Scientific Data has released Riding the Wave—How Europe Can Gain from the Rising Tide of Scientific Data.

Here's an excerpt:

A fundamental characteristic of our age is the rising tide of data — global, diverse, valuable and complex. In the realm of science, this is both an opportunity and a challenge. This report, prepared for the European Commission's Directorate-General for Information Society and Media, identifies the benefits and costs of accelerating the development of a fully functional e-infrastructure for scientific data — a system already emerging piecemeal and spontaneously across the globe, but now in need of a far-seeing, global framework. The outcome will be a vital scientific asset: flexible, reliable, efficient, cross-disciplinary and cross-border.

The benefits are broad. With a proper scientific e-infrastructure, researchers in different domains can collaborate on the same data set, finding new insights. They can share a data set easily across the globe, but also protect its integrity and ownership. They can use, re-use and combine data, increasing productivity. They can more easily solve today's Grand Challenges, such as climate change and energy supply. Indeed, they can engage in whole new forms of scientific inquiry, made possible by the unimaginable power of the e-infrastructure to find correlations, draw inferences and trade ideas and information at a scale we are only beginning to see. For society as a whole, this is beneficial. It empowers amateurs to contribute more easily to the scientific process, politicians to govern more effectively with solid evidence, and the European and global economy to expand.

"Keeping Bits Safe: How Hard Can It Be?"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 7th, 2010

David S. H. Rosenthal has published "Keeping Bits Safe: How Hard Can It Be?" in ACM Queue.

Here's an excerpt:

There is an obvious question we should be asking: how many copies in storage systems with what reliability do we need to get a given probability that the data will be recovered when we need it? This may be an obvious question to ask, but it is a surprisingly hard question to answer. Let's look at the reasons why.

To be specific, let's suppose we need to keep a petabyte for a century and have a 50 percent chance that every bit will survive undamaged. This may sound like a lot of data and a long time, but there are already data collections bigger than a petabyte that are important to keep forever. The Internet Archive is already multiple petabytes.

Scholarly Communication Institute 8: Emerging Genres in Scholarly Communication

Posted in Digital Humanities, Reports and White Papers, Scholarly Communication on October 7th, 2010

The Scholarly Communication Institute at the University of Virginia has released Scholarly Communication Institute 8: Emerging Genres in Scholarly Communication.

Here's an excerpt:

The following essay attempts to represent and synthesize the rich discussions of SCI 8, the eighth gathering of the Scholarly Communication Institute at the University of Virginia Library, especially the many original insights that emerged into the ways technology transforms the process of creation, dissemination, stewardship, use, and above all, reception of humanities scholarship.. . .

As in other areas of publishing—music, movies, television, fiction, journalism— the Web has effectively unbundled the production and consumption of scholarship. It has also simultaneously undermined publishing business models and library budgets, radically altered reading habits, and called into question the core assumptions upon which scholarship is assessed and validated. How will the fundamental processes of scholarly production—research and analysis, publication and dissemination, stewardship, and use—realign themselves in a digital environment? How will scholars go from digital evidence to digital publication? What would be an appropriate division of labor among the actors in scholarly communication: scholars and learned societies; libraries, museums, archives; publishers; technologists; higher education administration and funders; and the multiple audiences and users who desire online access to humanities content? Where are these new communities constituted, how, and by whom?

We explored these issues in several stages, which included:

  • scanning trends both within higher education and beyond that are shaping scholarly discourses;
  • examining the processes of scholarly communication as currently constituted, as well as actors involved and the roles they play;
  • presenting working examples of new-model scholarship by participants; and
  • reflecting on these topics from the perspective of the critical engines sustaining scholarly communication—libraries, publishers, technologists, academic administrators, and funders.

Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) Released

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on October 7th, 2010

The Office of the United States Trade Representative has released the text of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA).

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

After three years, and ten rounds of negotiations, the ACTA parties decided the time was right to conclude their discussions. The United States helped lay the foundation for the progress in Tokyo. It chaired an extra round of negotiations in Washington during August, supported the work of the Government of Japan to organize the final round at the Vice-Ministerial level, and worked hard to establish consensus on the outstanding issues.

Consistent with the Administration's strategy for intellectual property enforcement, the ACTA negotiations aim to establish a state-of-the-art international framework that provides a model for effectively combating global proliferation of commercial-scale counterfeiting and piracy in the 21st century. The agreement will include innovative provisions to deepen international cooperation and to promote strong enforcement practices. These will ultimately help sustain American jobs in innovative and creative industries.

The participants agreed in Tokyo to work expeditiously to resolve the small number of outstanding issues that require further examination in their own countries with a view to finalizing the text of the agreement as promptly as possible. The draft Agreement will undergo final legal review and relevant domestic processes before signature.

The ACTA participants include: Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the EU Member States, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Singapore, Switzerland and the United States of America.

Daily Tweets 2010-10-07

Posted in Current News: DigitalKoans Twitter Updates on October 7th, 2010

Programmer/Analyst (IT Expert) at Florida Center for Library Automation

Posted in Digital Library Jobs on October 6th, 2010

The Florida Center for Library Automation is recruiting a Programmer/Analyst (IT Expert).

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

The Programmer/Analyst (IT Expert) will be part of the Digital Library Services Group, which helps the libraries of the public university system of Florida create, manage and preserve digital information resources. The incumbent will provide applications programming and technical support for making library materials of all sorts (text, image, audio, and video) available on the Web. . . .

  1. Work individually and with other programmers and librarians to establish internal and end-user requirements for processing and delivery systems, and to evaluate applications against these requirements.
  2. Implement new applications and changes to existing applications through coding and testing.
  3. Install, configure, maintain, and enhance open source and vendor-supplied software applications.
  4. Provide trouble-shooting, problem-solving, and routine technical support for production applications.

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