Digital Repositories Workshop: Tools and Infrastructure Presentations

Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 19th, 2009

Presentations from the Oxford Digital Repositories Steering Group's Digital Repositories Workshop: Tools and Infrastructure meeting are available.

Read more about it at "Report on the Digital Repositories Workshop."

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    Digital Library Jobs: Digital Preservation Archivist at King’s College London

    Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 19th, 2009

    King's College London's Archives and Corporate Records Services and its Centre for eResearch are recruiting a Digital Preservation Archivist.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

    The Digital Preservation Archivist will play a leading role in the JISC-funded PEKin (Preservation Exemplar at King's) project. This exciting new project (a joint venture between ACRS and CeRch) has a high profile across the sector and its findings will impact significantly at King's and beyond.

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      Long Tail Author Chris Anderson Interviewed about Free Publishing

      Posted in Open Access, Publishing on May 19th, 2009

      In "Rip My Book, Please," Andrew Richard Albanese interviews Chris Anderson, Wired editor-in-chief and author of The Long Tail, about free publishing models. Anderson's new book, Free: The Future of a Radical Price, is scheduled for publication in July.

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        Print-on-Demand/Short Run Book Titles Increase 132% in 2008, Exceeding Traditional Book Titles for First Time

        Posted in Print-on-Demand, Publishing on May 19th, 2009

        Bowker reports that print-on-demand and short-run book titles grew 132% in 2008, and, for the first time, they exceeded traditional book titles.

        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

        Based on preliminary figures from U.S. publishers, Bowker is projecting that U.S. title output in 2008 decreased by 3.2%, with 275,232 new titles and editions, down from the 284,370 that were published in 2007.

        Despite this decline in traditional book publishing, there was another extraordinary year of growth in the reported number of "On Demand" and short-run books produced in 2008. Bowker projects that 285,394 On Demand books were produced last year, a staggering 132% increase over last year’s final total of 123,276 titles. This is the second consecutive year of triple-digit growth in the On Demand segment, which in 2008 was 462% above levels seen as recently as 2006.

        "Our statistics for 2008 benchmark an historic development in the U.S. book publishing industry as we crossed a point last year in which On Demand and short-run books exceeded the number of traditional books entering the marketplace," said Kelly Gallagher, vice president of publisher services for New Providence, N.J.-based Bowker. "It remains to be seen how this trend will unfold in the coming years before we know if we just experienced a watershed year in the book publishing industry, fueled by the changing dynamics of the marketplace and the proliferation of sophisticated publishing technologies, or an anomaly that caused the major industry trade publishers to retrench."

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          Sound Archives Film Image Repository Project: SAFIR Final Report

          Posted in Digital Media, Digital Repositories, Fedora, Institutional Repositories on May 19th, 2009

          JISC has released the Sound Archives Film Image Repository Project's SAFIR Final Report.

          Here's an excerpt:

          The SAFIR project has achieved what it set out to do, to begin the task of building a multimedia repository infrastructure for the University of York. The project has successfully implemented software for the storage layer (Fedora Commons), along with an interface (Muradora) and has populated that repository with a pilot collection of images. It has implemented a degree of access control, developed metadata profiles, recommendations, policies, licences and copyright clearance procedures, implemented a basic level of interoperability and gathered knowledge and expertise. SAFIR has been a success although there is much more work ahead at York. There is a balance to be struck between taking time to consult and absorb best practice in order to make the best, sustainable decisions and the pressures of immediate needs and project deadlines. Having a JISC deadline has kept the project focussed and although we have tried to ensure that the right decisions were made, we may have sacrificed "best possible" in order to meet an immediate need, for example in our metadata profile decisions or our use of Muradora as an interface. In choosing open source software, in particular Fedora Commons, our development and implementation path is made longer, but the benefits of increased flexibility, building sustainable in-house skill and working in the wider context were seen to outweigh the benefits offered by a commercial solution. Whether this was the right decision remains to be seen, but the enthusiasm and commitment of the Digital Library team have galvanised around that decision. We have already faced a number of technical delays because of unforeseeable issues with the software and we must continue to ensure that sufficient development time is allocated to tasks. We have significant concerns about the maturity and support of some of the software tested for the project. Managing expectations and working with users is an ongoing process and requires significant attention.

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            Creative Commons License Facebook App

            Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Social Media/Web 2.0 on May 19th, 2009

            Fred Benenson has released a Creative Commons License Facebook application.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            Last weekend I spent Saturday morning writing the Creative Commons License Application for Facebook. The premise is simple: installing the application allows Facebook users choose and place a CC license badge on their profile page indicating which license they want their content to be available under. Alongside the badge is text that explains what content (Photos, Videos and Status & Profile text are currently available as options) is licensed.

            This surrounding text also contains RDFa, though this is of limited utility to search engines since Facebook profiles are not yet publicly indexed.

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              University of Washington Faculty Senate Passes Resolution Concerning Scholarly Publishing Alternatives and Authors’ Rights

              Posted in Author Rights, Open Access, Self-Archiving on May 18th, 2009

              The University of Washington Faculty Senate has passed a "Resolution Concerning Scholarly Publishing Alternatives and Authors' Rights." (Thanks to Open Access News.)

              Here's an excerpt:

              BE IT RESOLVED, that

              1. the University of Washington prepare for a future in which academic publications are increasingly available through open sources by encouraging faculty members to:

              • assess the pricing practices and authors' rights policies of journals with which they collaborate (as authors, reviewers, and editors) and advocate for improvements therein; and
              • adopt and use an Addendum to Publication Agreement such as that provided by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) in order to retain their rights to use their work in the classroom and in future publications and to archive final accepted manuscripts; and
              • publish scholarly works in moderately priced journals, in journals published by professional societies and associations, or in peer-reviewed "open access" journals; and
              • archive their work in the UW's ResearchWorks or other repositories supported by research institutions, professional societies, or government agencies in order to provide the widest and most affordable access to their scholarship; and

              2. UW Libraries is encouraged to

              • provide relevant, current information regarding journal publishers, pricing, and authors' rights to departments and individual faculty members; and
              • maintain and further develop ResearchWorks and related services; and
              • allocate personnel to facilitate the deposit of faculty publications in ResearchWorks, and to obtain publishers' permission to deposit previously published works when possible; and

              3. the University of Washington administration is encouraged to:

              • provide resources to the Libraries and to academic units to foster these efforts; and
              • work with departments and colleges to assure that the review process for promotion, tenure and merit takes into consideration these new trends and realities in academic publication.
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                Technological Accommodation of Conflicts between Freedom of Expression and DRM: The First Empirical Assessment

                Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Rights Management on May 18th, 2009

                Patricia Akester's Technological Accommodation of Conflicts between Freedom of Expression and DRM: The First Empirical Assessment is available in the University of Cambridge Faculty of Law repository.

                Here's an excerpt from the abstract:

                When technological measures were under consideration in the mid 1990s two stark scenarios presented themselves: on the one hand, an ideal world where copyright owners could use DRM to make their works available under a host of different conditions in a way that responded to the diversity of consumer demand; on the other, a more bleak environment where all users of copyright material (and much non-copyright material) would be forced to obtain permission and pay to access material that previously would have been available to all. . . . Patricia Akester examines how these issues are working out in practice. Based on a series of interviews with key organisations and individuals, involved in the use of copyright material and the development and deployment of DRM, she provides a sober assessment of the current state of affairs.

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                  The University of Tennessee Launches Its Institutional Repository, Trace

                  Posted in ARL Libraries, Digital Commons, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 18th, 2009

                  The University of Tennessee has launched its institutional repository using Digital Commons.

                  Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                  "Trace, the Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange, will promote the visibility and permanence of the UT community's research, scholarship and creative activity," said Barbara Dewey, dean of the UT Libraries.

                  "Trace will provide global access to UT's scholarly and creative output. The collective excellence of our faculty and students will be highlighted with every click on the website," Dewey said.

                  Trace content may include technical reports, grant proposals, digital media, campus publications, conference proceedings, extension service publications, and internal archives, as well as scholarly work published in peer-reviewed journals and books when copyright permits. Works deposited receive the same stewardship as other resources in the university's growing digital library. The UT Office of Research, the Science Alliance, and the Office of the Provost are cooperating with UT Libraries to sponsor the repository. The Berkeley Electronic Press Digital Commons platform will host the service for the first three years.

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                    Digital Video: Remix Culture: Fair Use is Your Friend

                    Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digital Copyright Wars on May 18th, 2009

                    The Center for Social Media at American University has released Remix Culture: Fair Use is Your Friend.

                    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                    Last summer the release of the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video nearly crashed our servers with people downloading the document. Based on this demand, we created Remix Culture: Fair Use Is Your Friend is a collaboration with the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property—a program of AU's Washington College of Law—along with Stanford Law School's Fair Use Project. The video was funded by Google.

                    See also the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Online Video.

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                      Microsoft Releases Research-Output Repository Platform Version 1.0

                      Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 18th, 2009

                      Microsoft has released the Research-Output Repository Platform Version 1.0, which is called "Zentity."

                      Here's an excerpt from the announcement (includes download link):

                      The platform is based on Microsoft’s technologies (SQL Server 2008 and .NET Framework version 3.5 SP1) hence taking advantage of their robustness, their quality support infrastructure, and the plethora of developer-focused tools and documentation.. . . The platform focuses on the management of academic assets—such as people, books/papers, lectures, presentations, videos, workflows, datasets, and tags — as well as the semantic relationships between them. In this latest release, developers can declaratively (or at runtime) easily introduce their own asset and relationship types. Support for various formats and services such as full-text search, OAI-PMH, RSS and Atom Syndication, BibTeX import and export, SWORD, AtomPub, RDFS, and OAI-ORE are included as part of the distribution.

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                        Scribd Store Launched

                        Posted in Publishing on May 18th, 2009

                        Scribd has launched the Scribd Store.

                        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                        The Scribd Store ( expands Scribd's library of free original documents to include for-purchase works, many of which are new, exclusive or hard-to-find anywhere else on the Internet. In a radical departure from industry norms, the Scribd Store offers a generous revenue sharing agreement that gives sellers 80% of revenue. Prices are set by the seller and currently range from $1 for a graphic novel panel to $5,000 for an in-depth China market research report. Sellers can also choose Scribd's automated pricing option, which generates an optimal price tag based on a cost-sales analysis of similar items in the Scribd Store. . . .

                        The company will soon launch an iPhone application to give readers and buyers access to documents across multiple platforms; the mobile-optimized version of is already very popular. At launch, the beta version of Scribd Store will be open to buyers and sellers in the United States, with international launches to follow. . . .

                        With Scribd Store's flexible pricing, publishers have complete control over price and packaging. Sellers can specify selling whole documents, a chapter or an exact selection of pages, or in installments. They can also choose whether to serialize their books for $1.00/chapter; now, instead of having to purchase a country guide travelers can buy a standalone city chapter from Lonely Planet. Documents can be read on, downloaded to a PC, printed, or made accessible through web-enabled mobile phones. . . .

                        Sellers on Scribd Store must own the digital rights to the works they wish to sell and provide detailed information about their ownership of those works in order to sell their works through Scribd Store. Sellers can also easily manage their digital rights—choosing viewing/reading options such as "View on Scribd only," "Download PDF," "Download PDF with DRM" or "Download ePub with DRM." Sellers have the flexibility to make real-time changes to pricing and preview options for their works at any time.

                        Read more about it at "Scribd Launches Online Book Market," "Scribd Store a Welcome Addition to Ebook Market (and 650 O'Reilly Titles Included)," and "Site Lets Writers Sell Digital Copies ."

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                          Digital Scholarship

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