The Digital Divide: Assessing Organizations' Preparations for Digital Preservation

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on May 13th, 2010

Plants has released The Digital Divide: Assessing Organizations' Preparations for Digital Preservation.

Here's an excerpt:

  • The volume of digital content that organizations expect to archive will increase 25-fold over the next ten years.
  • While seventy per cent of organizations hold less than 20 terabytes (TB) of data now, by 2019 seventy per cent of organizations expect to hold over 100TB.
  • Digital information comes in a range of types, and while over 80% of organizations already need to preserve documents and images, by 2019 over 70% will need to preserve databases, websites, audio and video files as well.
  • Only 27% of organizations think that they have complete control over the file formats that they will accept and store in their digital archives. Since the choice of format affects how easy it is to preserve digital content, producers need to be more involved in digital preservation.
  • The digital preservation message has spread far and wide: 93% of respondents indicated that their organisation is aware of the challenges of managing digital information for the long-term.
  • Organizations are taking account of digital preservation: 76% include it in their operational planning, 71% in their business continuity planning and 62% in their financial planning.
  • By setting out a digital preservation policy, 48% of organizations are actively planning how to tackle digital preservation.
  • Organizations are only starting to commit to funding digital preservation, as just 47% have allocated a budget to it.

Read more about it at Survey Analysis Report.

Directory of Open Access Journals Tops 5,000 Journal Records

Posted in E-Journals, Open Access, Scholarly Journals on May 11th, 2010

The Directory of Open Access Journals now contains records for more than 5,000 journals.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Directory of Open Access Journals reaches new milestones—now 7 years of operation, now more than 5,000 journals, now more than 2,000 journals searchable on article level, very soon more than 400,000 articles searchable! . . .

Head, Digital User Experience Department at Indiana University

Posted in Library IT Jobs on May 11th, 2010

The Indiana University Libraries are recruiting a Head, Digital User Experience Department.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

The Head of the Digital User Experience Department will be charged with the development of a holistic vision for the user's experience and implementation of a comprehensive digital strategy and operational plans for the IU Libraries Bloomington web presence. This position oversees the development of content, design, and integration of online library services with campus online environments including the course management system (Oncourse) and campus administrative portals (i.e., OneStart). Reporting to the Associate Dean for Library Academic Services, this position will lead a department of 1 librarian and 1 professional staff member as well as coordinate the work activities of 1.5 developers. Responsibilities will include effective integration of discovery tools for electronic resources; development of integrated resources in a variety of environments based on the principles of user-centered design; oversight of the web publishing infrastructure and ensuring compliance with the University and industry standards for security, privacy, and accessibility; implementation of transformative technologies (such as Web 2.0); ongoing user testing and redesign; and other assessments of the web-based services. The Head of the Digital User Experience Department will also serve as an active member of one of the Libraries' Discipline Focused Working Groups (Area Studies, Arts and Humanities, Sciences, or Social Sciences). The successful candidate must be able to selectively and strategically implement technology trends and solutions, have demonstrated experience with learning technologies, and possess a strong understanding of information technology environments in higher education. This position will work closely with Library Technologies and Digital Libraries and be a liaison to appropriate divisions within University Information Technology Services.

Open Harvester Systems 2.3.0 Released

Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories, OAI-PMH on May 11th, 2010

The Public Knowledge Project has released Open Harvester Systems 2.3.0.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

This is a major rewrite of numerous parts of the Harvester code, including metadata storage and indexing. It increases indexing flexibility to support plugin-based indexing, including Lucene/SOLR support. It also adds OAI Data Provider support, including the potential to convert between metadata formats (currently from various formats into Dublin Core).

Director of Digital Technologies at Brown University

Posted in Digital Library Jobs, Library IT Jobs on May 11th, 2010

The Brown University Library is recruiting a Director of Digital Technologies.

Here's an excerpt from the ad (job number: B01159):

The Director of Digital Technologies provides leadership, vision, and strategic direction for the Brown University Library in the development, delivery and integration of new and existing systems and technology services and digital initiatives across the libraries. S/he oversees the management of the department's three units: Integrated Technology Services, Systems and Technical Support and the Center for Digital Scholarship and will actively seek partnerships with other Library departments and organizations external to the Library. The incumbent will stay abreast of emerging developments, issues and trends and will be a leading force in the introduction and application of new technologies that improve, enhance and extend Library services.

Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations Now Has More Than 1 Million ETD Records

Posted in Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Institutional Repositories on May 11th, 2010

The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations now contains records for over one million electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs).

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The NDLTD, OCLC (Online Computer Library Center), VTLS and Scirus maintain and provide access related to the NDLTD Union Catalog of ETDs available in institutional repositories around the globe.

The NDLTD is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the creation, dissemination, use, adoption, and preservation of digital theses and dissertations. The NDLTD assists students and universities in using electronic publishing and digital libraries to more effectively share knowledge in order to unlock potential benefits worldwide. The NDLTD also promotes student efforts to transform the genre of the print dissertation through the use of innovative software to create cutting edge hypertext/multimedia ETDs.

The NDLTD is comprised of many individual member institutions and consortia, each of which has or plans to put in place a process for archiving and distributing ETDs; others are welcome to join if they have similar interest. The Union Catalog Project is an attempt to make these individual collections appear as one seamless digital library of ETDs to students and researchers seeking out theses and dissertations.

In 1997 the first ETD program requirement was instituted at Virginia Tech. Over the course of thirteen years ETD programs have now been implemented in thousands of colleges and universities around the world. The one millionth ETD milestone indicates that ETD implementation is beginning to reach a critical mass. Indeed, in January, the count exceeded 800K records, while as of April 19, the record count reached 1.6 million, though there may be some duplicate records.

In the higher-GDP countries, institutions are rapidly adopting ETDs on a per-institutional or state-wide basis. Many lower-GDP countries are adopting ETDs at a national level as one means of jump-starting and disseminating research and development activities. The NDLTD anticipates that the number of ETDs worldwide will increase rapidly as more schools in every region around the globe implement ETD programs.. . .

Many institutions around the world are represented in the NDLTD Union Catalog. Universities can participate by implementing the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) to contribute metadata records to the union catalog. The NDLTD provides free resources to implement OAI-PMH in an institutional repository.

San José State University Academic Senate Passes Resolution Supporting Open Access

Posted in Open Access on May 10th, 2010

The San José State University Academic Senate has passed "SS-S10-2, Sense of the Senate Resolution, Support for Open Access to Scholarly Work and Research."

Here's an excerpt:

Resolved: that the San José State University Academic Senate support the principle of open access to scholarly work and research, and

Resolved: that the San José State University Academic Senate support new models for scholarly publishing that will promote open access and are consistent with standards for peer review and scholarly excellence, and

Resolved: that the San José State University Academic Senate encourage the university to promote the use of the institutional repository—and other new and existing infrastructures—for the dissemination of knowledge created at SJSU to the local, state and global community.

Resolved: that the Academic Senate of San José State University continues to affirm the rights of faculty to publish in the publications of their choice.

Resolved: that the Academic Senate encourage the university to promote the use of the institutional repository and to develop a formal organizational process that shall clearly indicate:

  1. which academic unit (such as the Library) will manage acquisition and maintenance of open access material and issue communications regarding the use of the open access repository;
  2. the scope of the term "faculty" in relation to the open access archive;
  3. the procedure for notifying the faculty how to submit material into the repository;
  4. the nature of the material to be included in the repository;
  5. a procedure for identifying the costs of maintaining the repository and allocating funds to maintain the repository;
  6. a unit outside of the repository unit (such as the Provost Office) responsible for monitoring the progress of the repository and for resolving conflicts or uncertainties regarding the operation of the repository.

Visiting Research Programmer for Visual Resource Access and Management—Library Scholarly Commons at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 10th, 2010

The University Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is recruiting a Visiting Research Programmer for Visual Resource Access and Management—Library Scholarly Commons (full-time, temporary academic professional appointment with possible renewal up to 3 years; may become permanent at a later date).

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

In this position the Library seeks a professional with a strong background in technical development in a digital library environment or with Web-based applications involving the manipulation, organization and delivery of digital image content. Candidates should have a firm grasp of the principles of information organization and management. The focus of responsibility for the person who steps into this role will be to provide technical and program support for the development of campus-wide digital visual resource collections in support of the learning and research activities of campus academic units. The Visiting Research Programmer for Visual Resource Access and Management will report to the Library's lead research programmer for digital repository development and will work closely with the head of Digital Content Creation and with Library staff involved with metadata creation. The Visiting Research Programmer for Visual Resource Access and Management will collaborate with staff in the Office of Library Information Technology Planning and Policy responsible for workstation maintenance and server system administration and will be a member of the Library's Digital Content Access team which draws members from multiple Library organizational units., The Visiting Research Programmer for Visual Resource Access and Management will develop and support the information processing and digital object workflows needed to make digitized library content accessible through – and integrated with—public search systems as well as digital content access management systems, including ContentDM and ARTstor. The University of Illinois Library is a development partner, along with eight other academic institutions, in the ArtStor Shared Shelf visual resource cataloging and management system. Working with a team of librarians, curators, and faculty, the Research Programmer for Visual Resource Access and Management will be responsible for ingest of local and commercially-licensed digital content into ArtStor, and help represent the Library at ARTstor shared-shelf development meetings. This position may interact with users or groups in the Library’s Scholarly Commons, a new library space for faculty and graduate students to explore the use of technology in their research and teaching. Further interactions may involve the College of FAA Visual Resources Curator and the librarians and staff of the Ricker Library of Architecture and Art.

Incumbent will have primary technical responsibility for the Library's CONTENTdm implementation, which currently provides access to about 20 locally digitized collections and more than 25,000 digital images. The Library's CONTENTdm implementation is under active development and extension with new collections being added or in development and with new software being integrated alongside CONTENTdm to extend its functionality. While the primary focus of this position is on digital visual resources, the incumbent also may be called on to provide technical support for making available Library digitized text resources (e.g., Project Unica, Harry Partch Archive) through the development, running, and troubleshooting of content processing scripts.

Digital Curation and Preservation Policies in Scottish HEIs: Survey Results

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on May 10th, 2010

The Digital Curation Centre has released Digital Curation and Preservation Policies in Scottish HEIs: Survey Results.

Here's an excerpt:

The survey showed that repositories are still relatively young, and that preservation is not yet the highest priority for them. The situation with preservation policies also reflects the early stage of repository development, where the need to apply explicit curation policies is only beginning to be acknowledged.

The survey did not identify any institution level preservation policies, but given the heterogeneity of digital information across any higher education institution, it is not surprising that institution-wide preservation policies have yet to be formulated. Repository level policies were found to be in place at four institutions that also reported to be offering preservation services.

The survey reported a very low level of awareness of both existing preservation policies and digital preservation issues in general, especially amongst administrative and research staff. Enforcing preservation policies and making them effective are challenges that all HEIs face; at the same time, this formative period could be considered an opportunity for the ERIS project to develop supporting tools and guidance, especially since the prospect of additional guidance and the possibility of centralised services for preservation were welcomed by the respondents.

Visiting Research Programmer for Scholarly Communications and Repository Services at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Posted in Digital Library Jobs on May 10th, 2010

The University Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is recruiting a Visiting Research Programmer for Scholarly Communications and Repository Services (full-time, temporary academic professional appointment with possible renewal up to 3 years; may become permanent at a later date).

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

The Library is moving forward to implement a library-wide repository to preserve and manage created and acquired digital content and to expand its scholarly communication services to campus. Led by the Scholarly Communications and Repository Technical Team with close collaboration with key stakeholders within the Library and across campus, this effort will result in a scalable preservation repository, defined interactions with external partners such as the Hathi Trust, and the infrastructure necessary for sustained scholarly communication services, such as an institutional bibliography and scholarship portal, data curation tools, and researcher profiles.

As a member of this team, the Visiting Research Programmer for Scholarly Communication and Repository Services (SCRS) reports to the Technical Architect for Scholarly Communication and Repositories Services (TA) and participates fully in the planning and implementation of the repository effort and in particular to the development of technical services and applications to support the scholarly communication services of the Library. The successful candidate will be responsible for providing programming, database design, implementation and support, customization, and continued assessment of the technical infrastructure for all components related to scholarly communication services. These would include development of the repository itself. The SCRS Research Programmer works with staff from the Library and other key campus personnel to translate user needs into technical requirements and implement these in concert with the development of the repository. The SCRS Research Programmer explores, adapts, and implements emerging technologies to support efforts such as analysis of publication patterns on campus, understanding impact of research done at Illinois, and understanding collaboration patterns across campus. The SCRS Research Programmer works closely with the Scholarly Commons coordinator, the IDEALS coordinator, and the Head of Grainger to provide support to existing services, such as IDEALS, the campus repository, and the electronic theses and dissertations (ETD) service.

Specific activities include: 1) implementation and support of a planned digital repository to provide sustained access and preservation services to millions of digital files in the University Library’s growing digital research collections; and 2) the development of software applications that support the research and scholarly communications services that are being developed and refined through a collaboration of librarians involved in the current IDEALS Scholarly Communications Program, the Scholarly Commons in the Main Library, and the Grainger Engineering Library’s Digital Library Initiative. Several applications already exist in pilot mode, but they will require concentrated and sustained technical effort to make them production-level systems that can support campus-wide use. These include the Electronic Theses and Dissertations Deposit service (ETD’s), in collaboration with the Graduate College; the BibApp research connections software system; the Researcher Profiles system that enables the Library to create customized research information portals for research groups; and the Hub and Spoke toolkit for creating digital preservation packages for repository ingest. This position is vital to the Library’s nascent efforts to support the ongoing curation of researcher-created datasets throughout the campus and to help fulfill campus obligations to emerging federal agency requirements for data management, curation, and open access.

Cynthia S. Arato's Analysis of the Google Books Settlement

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on May 10th, 2010

Cynthia S. Arato, a Partner at Macht, Shapiro, Arato & Isserles, has sent an eighteen-page memo on the Google Books Settlement to the Open Book Alliance that summarizes "the objections and argument that we lodged against the proposed settlement of the 'Google Books' lawsuit on behalf of leading foreign publishing and authors' associations, foreign publishers, and foreign authors."

Here's an excerpt:

Numerous provisions of the proposed Google Books settlement would, if approved, violate the treaty obligations of the U.S. For this reason, and because of its myriad other defects, the settlement should not be approved by the court. If the settlement is approved, it may give rise to legal action against the U.S. before an international tribunal and will certainly expose the U.S. to diplomatic stress.

Copyright for Creativity—A Declaration for Europe

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on May 9th, 2010

A coalition of organizations, including the European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations (EBLIDA), the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), the German Library Association (GLA), the Stichting LIBER Foundation (LIBER), the Special Libraries Association (SLA), and others, has released Copyright for Creativity—A Declaration for Europe.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

Copyright is based on both protection of creative works and exceptions to that protection, which allow for businesses and creators to innovate, make creative reuses of content, and to build on the work of others. For example, copyright protects a novelist’s rights over her novel, while an exception recognising parody would allow another writer to create a new work of parody based on the original. While copyright protects an academic’s published research, exceptions allow for others to cite, copy in-part, and quote from that research. A balance is therefore struck between the need to protect creators’ rights, and the public benefit that can be realised through reuses, references, and other derivations of the work being created.

These exceptions are key to enabling legitimate reuses and innovation, and the activity of a number of socially and economically important stakeholders depends on them. While the public debate and political agenda around copyright focuses heavily on measures to protect ownership of creative works, the Copyright for Creativity declaration sets out a positive agenda by identifying a set of objectives that need to be achieved if copyright is to fully drive digital competitiveness, creativity and innovation.

Among its recommendations, the declaration calls for European copyright law to act as a spur to innovation, support education and research, facilitate digital preservation and archiving, and harmonise exceptions further across the EU. Also accompanying the declaration are clear examples of the shortcomings of the existing copyright regime; these examples illustrate the application of copyright exceptions in everyday life and their benefit to everyone.

Today’s declaration is only a start, as the coalition expects many more signatories to join after the launch. Given that Members of the European Parliament already support the declaration, the coalition also expects it to serve as a basis for a much needed debate on copyright and the way to ensure that it best serves the interest of creators, innovators and users alike.

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Digital Scholarship

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