Elsevier Launches SciVal Spotlight

Posted in Publishing, Scholarly Communication on June 29th, 2009

Elsevier has launched SciVal Spotlight.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

SciVal Spotlight uses an innovative visualization technique to produce customized maps that provide graphical views of an institution's performance over time and across scientific fields, focusing on specific topical areas. By pinpointing a university's topical strengths and identifying leading researchers and institutions in each area, the tool is designed to help academic decision-makers optimize funding allocations and enhance hiring and collaboration decisions.

Quantifying the overall size of each topical area, the tool allows institutions to understand the significance of their article and market shares and how they rank compared to competitors in those areas. It also assesses article and market growth or decline over the last five years, offering an average rate for each using a two year sliding scale. Additionally, it determines if an institution's work is building upon the most recent discoveries; providing a "state of the art quotient" by analyzing how recent the citations are within its published output.

"We recognized a need to change the way research is currently being measured, and designed the tool to provide a more holistic and integrated view of performance," explained Jay Katzen, Managing Director, Academic and Government Products. "By capturing the unique research fingerprint of each institution, we can help academic executives better understand their core strengths and potential weaknesses so they can develop and implement successful long-term research strategies."

Moving beyond the traditional method of measuring research output by journal count, SciVal Spotlight is based on a more detailed model of the current structure of science. The model, covering virtually all of the research being published across the globe, was developed using co-citation analysis of a comprehensive database that includes 6.1 million separate papers published between 2004 and 2008, and another two million of the highly-cited references from these papers.

Leveraging this new model of science, SciVal Spotlight identifies and focuses on the inter-related work being done within an institution which represents the unique topical areas or "distinctive competencies" in which it is a leader. It also offers an opportunity to better understand which institutions are true competitors by revealing those that compete within the same research competencies.

"The square peg, round hole nature of evaluating research performance based on the broad classifications of journals no longer captures the reality of today's multidisciplinary scientific landscape," explains Kevin Boyack, a senior development advisor for Elsevier. "SciVal Spotlight provides academic decision-makers with a more accurate picture of research productivity. It allows them to evaluate performance based on the breakthroughs they are trying to achieve, rather than the classification of the journals in which their researchers are publishing articles."

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    Alliance for Taxpayer Access Call to Action about Federal Research Public Access Act

    Posted in Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access on June 29th, 2009

    The Alliance for Taxpayer Access has issued a call to action about the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2009 (S 1373).

    Here's an excerpt:

    On June 25, Senators Lieberman (I-CT) and Cornyn (R-TX) introduced the Federal Research Public Access Act (S.1373), a bill that would ensure free, timely, online access to the published results of research funded by eleven U.S. federal agencies. S.1373 would require those agencies with annual extramural research budgets of $100 million or more to provide the public with online access to research manuscripts stemming from such funding no later than six months after publication in a peer-reviewed journal. The bill gives individual agencies flexibility in choosing the location of the digital repository to house this content, as long as the repositories meet conditions for interoperability and public accessibility, and have provisions for long-term archiving.

    The bill specifically covers unclassified research funded by agencies including: Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Homeland Security, Department of Transportation, Environmental Protection Agency, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the National Science Foundation.

    S. 1373 reflects the growing trend among funding agencies—and college and university campuses—to leverage their investment in the conduct of research by maximizing the dissemination of results. It follows the successful path forged by the NIH’s Public Access Policy, as well as by private funders like the Wellcome Trust, and universities such as Harvard and MIT.

    Detailed information about the Federal Research Public Access Act is available at http://www.taxpayeraccess.org/frpaa.

    All supporters of public access—universities and colleges, researchers, libraries, campus administrators, patient advocates, publishers, consumers, individuals, and others—are asked to ACT NOW to support this bill. Here’s how:

    • Contact Congress now to express your organization's support for public access to taxpayer-funded research and for this bill. Act now through the ATA Legislative Action Center.
    • Contact Congress now to express your individual support for public access to taxpayer-funded research and for this bill.
    • Send thanks to the Bill's sponsors—Senators Lieberman and Cornyn.
    • Issue a public statement of support from your organization and share it widely with members, colleagues, and the media. Send a copy to sparc [at] arl [dot] org to be featured on the FRPAA Web site.
    • Share news about this bill with friends and colleagues.
    • Post the "I support taxpayer access" banner on your Web site.
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      Blog Reports about the National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program Partners Meeting

      Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 29th, 2009

      Several blog reports are available about the recent National Digital Information Infrastructure Preservation Program partners meeting.

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        Open Access: Text of Federal Research Public Access Act of 2009

        Posted in Legislation and Government Regulation, Open Access on June 29th, 2009

        The text of the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2009 (S 1373) is now available.

        Here's an excerpt:


        (a) In General- Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, each Federal agency with extramural research expenditures of over $100,000,000 shall develop a Federal research public access policy that is consistent with and advances purposes of the Federal agency.
        (b) Content- Each Federal research public access policy shall provide for—
        (1) submission to the Federal agency of an electronic version of the author's final manuscript of original research papers that have been accepted for publication in peer-reviewed journals and result from research supported, in whole or in part, from funding by the Federal Government;
        (2) the incorporation of all changes resulting from the peer review publication process in the manuscript described under paragraph (1);
        (3) the replacement of the final manuscript with the final published version if—
        (A) the publisher consents to the replacement; and
        (B) the goals of the Federal agency for functionality and interoperability are retained;
        (4) free online public access to such final peer-reviewed manuscripts or published versions as soon as practicable, but not later than 6 months after publication in peer-reviewed journals;
        (5) production of an online bibliography of all research papers that are publicly accessible under the policy, with each entry linking to the corresponding free online full text; and
        (6) long-term preservation of, and free public access to, published research findings—
        (A) in a stable digital repository maintained by the Federal agency; or
        (B) if consistent with the purposes of the Federal agency, in any repository meeting conditions determined favorable by the Federal agency, including free public access, interoperability, and long-term preservation.
        (c) Application of Policy- Each Federal research public access policy shall—
        (1) apply to—
        (A) researchers employed by the Federal agency whose works remain in the public domain; and
        (B) researchers funded by the Federal agency;
        (2) provide that works described under paragraph (1)(A) shall be—
        (A) marked as being public domain material when published; and
        (B) made immediately available under subsection (b)(4); and
        (3) make effective use of any law or guidance relating to the creation and reservation of a Government license that provides for the reproduction, publication, release, or other uses of a final manuscript for Federal purposes.
        (d) Exclusions- Each Federal research public access policy shall not apply to—
        (1) research progress reports presented at professional meetings or conferences;
        (2) laboratory notes, preliminary data analyses, notes of the author, phone logs, or other information used to produce final manuscripts;
        (3) classified research, research resulting in works that generate revenue or royalties for authors (such as books) or patentable discoveries, to the extent necessary to protect a copyright or patent; or
        (4) authors who do not submit their work to a journal or works that are rejected by journals.
        (e) Patent or Copyright Law- Nothing in this Act shall be construed to affect any right under the provisions of title 17 or 35, United States Code.
        (f) Report-
        (1) IN GENERAL- Not later than October 1, of each year, the head of each Federal agency shall submit a report on the Federal research public access policy of that agency to—
        (A) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
        (B) the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives;
        (C) the Committee on Science and Technology of the House of Representatives;
        (D) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate;
        (E) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate; and
        (F) any other committee of Congress of appropriate jurisdiction.
        (2) CONTENT- Each report under this subsection shall include—
        (A) a statement of the effectiveness of the Federal research public access policy in providing the public with free online access to papers on research funded by the Federal agency;
        (B) a list of papers published in peer-reviewed journals that report on research funded by the Federal agency;
        (C) a corresponding list of papers made available by the Federal agency as a result of the Federal research public access policy; and
        (D) a summary of the periods of time between public availability of each paper in a journal and in the online repository of the Federal agency.
        (3) PUBLIC AVAILABILITY- The Federal agency shall make the statement under paragraph (2)(A) and the lists of papers under subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (2) available to the public by posting such statement and lists on the website of the Federal agency.
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          Library of Congress Releases Bagit: Transferring Content for Digital Preservation Video

          Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on June 29th, 2009

          The Library of Congress has released a digital video, Bagit: Transferring Content for Digital Preservation.

          Here's the description:

          The Library of Congress's steadily growing digital collections arrive primarily over the network rather than on hardware media. But that data transfer can be difficult because different organizations have different policies and technologies.

          The Library—with the California Digital Library and Stanford University – has developed guidelines for creating and moving standardized digital containers, called "bags." A bag functions like a physical envelope that is used to send content through the mail but with bags, a user sends content from one computer to another.

          Bags have a sparse, uncomplicated structure that transcends differences in institutional data, data architecture, formats and practices. A bag's minimal but essential metadata is machine readable, which makes it easy to automate ingest of the data. Bags can be sent over computer networks or physically moved using portable storage devices.

          Bags have built-in inventory checking, to help ensure that content transferred intact. Bags are flexible and can work in many different settings, including situations where the content is located in more than one place. This video describes the preparation and transfer of data over the network in bags.

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            “Repurposing ProQuest Metadata for Batch Ingesting ETDs into an Institutional Repository”

            Posted in Digital Repositories, Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs), Institutional Repositories, Metadata on June 29th, 2009

            Shawn Averkamp and Joanna Lee have published "Repurposing ProQuest Metadata for Batch Ingesting ETDs into an Institutional Repository" in the latest issue of the Code4Lib Journal.

            Here's an excerpt:

            This article describes the workflow used by the University of Iowa Libraries to populate their institutional repository and their catalog with the data collected by ProQuest UMI Dissertation Publishing during the submission of students' theses and dissertations. Re-purposing the metadata from ProQuest allowed the University of Iowa Libraries to streamline the process for ingesting theses and dissertations into their institutional repository The article includes a discussion of the benefits and limitations of the workflow described.

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              Open Monograph Press to Launch During Second International PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference, July 8-10

              Posted in Open Access, Open Source Software, Publishing, Scholarly Books on June 28th, 2009

              According to "Library Releasing New Publishing Tool," the Public Knowledge Project will launch its new Open Monograph Press during the Second International PKP Scholarly Publishing Conference on July 8-10.

              Here's an excerpt from the Open Monograph Press home page:

              Open Monograph Press, a new open source publishing product under development by the Public Knowledge Project, will establish an online workspace for publishing monographs, edited volumes, and scholarly editions, while keeping an archival record of the process (compatible with the Fedora repository). . . .

              The plans for OMP also include the potential for users to set up a Social Networking Incubator and Workspace system, which would enable editors to create a workspace for authors who appear to have a potential monograph project in hand, giving the author a chance to develop ideas within an invited or more open community, before moving into a formal book proposal and submission process.

              This will provide author and editor with a series of tools and spaces that will allow them to see if there is a book residing within the author's article-length work, by bringing together authors and collecting pieces for engagement and response by select communities of interest or potentially by anyone interested, at the author and editor's discretion (Access Scheduler).

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                Google Book Search Bibliography, Version 4

                Posted in Bibliographies, Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Scholarship Publications, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on June 28th, 2009

                Version 4 of the Google Book Search Bibliography is now available from Digital Scholarship.

                This bibliography presents selected English-language articles and other works that are useful in understanding Google Book Search. It primarily focuses on the evolution of Google Book Search and the legal, library, and social issues associated with it. Where possible, links are provided to works that are freely available on the Internet, including e-prints in disciplinary archives and institutional repositories. Note that e-prints and published articles may not be identical.

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                  ARL Statistics 2007-08 (Preliminary)

                  Posted in ARL Libraries on June 28th, 2009

                  The Association of Research Libraries has released ARL Statistics Tables 2007-08 (Preliminary).

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                    Library IT Jobs: Systems Librarian at Massachusetts General Hospital

                    Posted in Library IT Jobs on June 28th, 2009

                    Massachusetts General Hospital's Treadwell Library is recruiting a Systems Librarian.

                    Here's an excerpt from the ad (use job ID 2190657 in advanced search):

                    Under the general direction of the Library Director, the Systems Librarian is responsible for the overall management and support of the library's Innovative Library System and for the technical aspects of electronic resources management. In collaboration with the library's Webmaster/ System Technologist, the incumbent contributes to ongoing development and enhancement of library's web presence. The incumbent also provides Research and Reference services to library users (physicians, nurses, researchers, medical students, patients and their family members, and non-medical MGH staff) and to hospital committees or special interest groups within the wider MGH community. The incumbent serves as a member of the Treadwell Library Teaching Team.

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                      Papers and Presentations from EPUB 2009—Rethinking Electronic Publishing: Innovation in Communication Paradigms and Technologies

                      Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Communication on June 28th, 2009

                      Papers and presentations from EPUB 2009—Rethinking Electronic Publishing: Innovation in Communication Paradigms and Technologies are now available.

                      Here's a quick selection of papers:

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                        Interoperable Repositories Infrastructure Project

                        Posted in Digital Repositories, Institutional Repositories on June 28th, 2009

                        Alma Swan has announced that, as a result of a DRIVER/JISC/SURF March workshop, plans for improving interoperability between repositories are being developed by the Interoperable Repositories Infrastructure Project in four areas: citation services, interoperable identification systems, repository handshaking (interoperable deposit systems), and repository organization (supporting repositories around the world).

                        Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                        Since the workshop, teams have taken the discussions forward and are developing action plans and project proposals for each topic. Here is an update:

                        1. The CITATION SERVICES team now have a draft project proposal available for community review. Please take a look at it give your comments. It is on the project wiki here: http://repinf.pbworks.com/Citation-Services-draft-project-proposal
                        2. The wiki also provides an update on all four plans: the team leaders made short presentations on developments at the OAI6 conference last week and their Powerpoint files are on the wiki, along with an Update document summarising the progress and future timelines. Here are the links: Update: http://repinf.pbworks.com/Update-June-09 Powerpoints: links from the front page: http://repinf.pbworks.com/
                        3. Finally, the wiki provides extensive background information on repositories in the form of Briefing Materials under a number of headings. These are presented in both text and map form on the wiki, accessible from the links on the wiki front page here: http://repinf.pbworks.com/.
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