Systems Librarian at the University of Louisville

Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 16th, 2009

The University of Louisville Libraries are recruiting a Systems Librarian.

Here's an excerpt from the ad:

Reporting to the Director of Office of Libraries Technology, the Systems Librarian will be responsible for managing the Libraries' integrated library system, Voyager, including the online catalog, bibliographic utility software and related systems. The librarian investigates and exploits Voyager's capabilities to its fullest. The librarian serves as the contact person with the vendor, Ex Libris, and the various module users within the University Libraries. In addition, the Systems Librarian serves as a liaison to other Kentucky libraries, since UofL maintains one of two hub-sites in Kentucky as part of a statewide Voyager consortium.

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    University of Michigan Press Opts in to Google Settlement

    Posted in Copyright, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing, University Presses on September 16th, 2009

    The University of Michigan Press has opted in to the Google Book Search Settlement.

    Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

    University of Michigan Press has decided to opt in to the terms of the Settlement and is beginning the process of claiming books digitized by Google under its Book Search program. We will claim all titles under copyright on behalf of our authors.

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      "Systems for Managing Digital Media Collections"

      Posted in Digital Asset Management Systems, Digital Media on September 16th, 2009

      JISC Digital Media has released "Systems for Managing Digital Media Collections."

      Here's an excerpt :

      Everyone's collection and context is unique, so your choice of a system (or systems) for managing your media will require a careful assessment of your needs and resources and an evaluation of the available options. This paper provides an overview of a number of different approaches to digital media management: from some very cheap and 'low-tech' approaches to much more complex and specialised solutions. Another paper in this series discusses some of the commonly available functionality in more detail and raises some key questions to consider when choosing a system . . .

      We have given more than thirty examples of systems below, with links to further descriptions on JISC Digital Media's website or to external sites. These examples are not meant to be exhaustive or to imply any sort of endorsement or criticism: they are offered for information purposes only. This is a competitive and fast-changing environment, in which new versions are pushed out, new systems emerge, and last year's cutting-edge features become standard issue.

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        Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog Update (9/16/09)

        Posted in Bibliographies, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on September 16th, 2009

        The latest update of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (SEPW) is now available. It provides information about new works related to scholarly electronic publishing, such as books, e-prints, journal articles, magazine articles, technical reports, and white papers.

        Especially interesting are: “Beyond Theory: Preparing Dublin Core Metadata for OAI-PMH Harvesting”; “Contributions of Open Access to Higher Education in Europe and Vice Versa”; Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars; “Equity for Open-Access Journal Publishing”; “Musings on Fair Use”; “OA Network: An Integrative Open Access Infrastructure for Germany”; “Online Digital Thesis Collections and National Information Policy: ANTAEUS”; “Purple Cows and Fringy Propositions: The Edinburgh Repository Fringe Festival 2009”; “Reinventing Academic Publishing Online. Part II: A Socio-Technical Vision”; and “Report on OAI 6: CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication, Geneva 17-19 June 2009.”

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          Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars

          Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on September 15th, 2009

          Noted copyright expert William Patry, Senior Copyright Counsel at Google and former copyright counsel to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary, has published Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars with Oxford University Press. Patry is also blogging on this topic at Moral Panics and the Copyright Wars. (His well-regarded previous blog was The Patry Copyright Blog.)

          Here's an excerpt from the press release:

          In Moral Panics And The Copyright Wars, Patry details the path that we have taken to get to our current misunderstanding of copyright laws. The most prolific scholar of copyright in history and the author of an eight-volume treatise on copyright and a separate treatise on the fair use doctrine, Patry argues that the cause of these copyright wars throughout history can be largely attributed to words—specifically, metaphors. Patry describes different kinds of metaphors, using them to further illustrate the ways that copyright laws have come to be unnecessarily expanded and misunderstood. For example, nowadays the term "pirate" is used in many instances to describe a type of copyright violation. Patry writes that it is the repetition of the pirate metaphor that makes the term stick, although the metaphor may be used incorrectly or may even be entirely false. This repetition of such metaphors causes whatever company or individual that has come to be associated with the word "pirate" to always be attached to the negative traits associated with a "pirate." This is just one of the ways that Patry shows the influence that words have had in negatively expanding copyright laws as well as causing the public, those who the laws are meant to help, to misunderstand them.

          Patry contends that it has been this metaphoric language that has led to poor business decisions and obscured copyright law's true, public purpose. He concludes that calls for strong copyright laws, just like calls for weak copyright laws, miss the point entirely: the only laws we need are effective laws, laws that further the purpose of encouraging the creation of new works and learning—and that bring respect back to our copyright process.

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            Digital Preservation: Media Vault Program Interim Report

            Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on September 15th, 2009

            The Media Vault Program has released Media Vault Program Interim Report.

            Here's an excerpt:

            All major studies and reports on the sustainability of digital resources point to a multitude of barriers that can be clustered into four factors:

            Economic: Who owns the problem, and who benefits from the solutions? Who pays for the services, long-term preservation, development, and curation? . . . .

            Technical: Simple services are needed, but they are not simple to build, implement and support in our complex environment. Successful structures that can support digital scholarship must account for user needs, emerging technologies/file formats, adverse working contexts (fieldwork, offline, multi-platform), and should be supported at the enterprise scale. . . .

            Political/Organizational: . . . . there are good reasons for the various service provider organizations to innovate on their own, but there is much to gain from working together on common goals and milestones. In fact, where communities have succeeded in softening the boundaries between content producers and consumers, supporters and beneficiaries, significant successes have been achieved. . . .

            Social: We live in interesting times . . . and the prevalence of cheap/stolen media has produced an expectation that things should be always available, conveniently packaged, and free. Where some organizations, such as the Long Now Foundation, are hoping to "provide counterpoint to today's "Faster/cheaper" mind set and promote 'slower/better' thinking," it may be up to those of us who care deeply about the persistence of research data to step up as the seas continue to change.

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              Faculty Director for Libraries Information Technology at University of Colorado

              Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 15th, 2009

              The University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries are recruiting a Faculty Director for Libraries Information Technology.

              Here's an excerpt from ad:

              The Head of the Libraries Information Technology Department has the title Faculty Director of Libraries Information Technology (LIT) and reports to the Associate Director for Administrative Services. The LIT department provides primary information technology services in support of the University Libraries’ mission and strategic plan. These technologies and services currently include the Libraries’ integrated library system, web servers, other servers, digital library initiatives, and more than 700 computers and associated peripherals in multiple campus locations. The faculty director, along with library and campus colleagues, will play a key role in developing strategies and future organizational structures to support next generation library services and resources. The successful candidate will have a strong theoretical understanding of the role of libraries in higher education. This position supervises a department of one FTE faculty, eight FTE technical staff, and student assistants and therefore must effectively plan and evaluate performance and provide mentoring so that employees can achieve personal and professional goals.

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                Defining "Noncommercial": A Study of How the Online Population Understands "Noncommercial Use"

                Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses on September 15th, 2009

                The Creative Commons has released Defining "Noncommercial": A Study of How the Online Population Understands "Noncommercial Use".

                Here's an excerpt:

                In 2008-09, Creative Commons commissioned a study from a professional market research firm to explore understandings of the terms"commercial us" and "noncommercial use" among Internet users when used in the context of content found online.

                The empirical findings suggest that creators and users approach the question of noncommercial use similarly and that overall, online U.S. creators and users are more alike than different in their understanding of noncommercial use. Both creators and users generally consider uses that earn users money or involve online advertising to be commercial, while uses by organizations, by individuals, or for charitable purposes are less commercial but not decidedly noncommercial. Similarly, uses by for-profit companies are typically considered more commercial. Perceptions of the many use cases studied suggest that with the exception of uses that earn users money or involve advertising—at least until specific case scenarios are presented that disrupt those generalized views of commerciality—there is more uncertainty than clarity around whether specific uses of online content are commercial or noncommercial.

                Uses that are more difficult to classify as either commercial or noncommercial also show greater (and often statistically significant) differences between creators and users. As a general rule, creators consider the uses studied to be more noncommercial (less commercial) than users. For example, uses by a not-for-profit organization are generally thought less commercial than uses by a for-profit organization, and even less so by creators than users. The one exception to this pattern is in relation to uses by individuals that are personal or private in nature. Here, it is users (not creators) who believe such uses are less commercial.

                The most notable differences among subgroups within each sample of creators and users are between creators who make money from their works, and those who do not, and between users who make money from their uses of others' works, and those who do not. In both cases, those who make money generally rate the uses studied less commercial than those who do not make money. The one exception is, again, with respect to personal or private uses by individuals: users who make money consider these uses more commercial than those who do not make money.

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                  Institutional Identifiers in Repositories: A Survey Report for the NISO I2 Workgroup

                  Posted in Institutional Repositories, Metadata on September 15th, 2009

                  The National Information Standards Organization has released Institutional Identifiers in Repositories: A Survey Report for the NISO I2 Workgroup.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  The survey showed that standardized institutional identifiers are seen as important and it was agreed there is a need for them in the repository community. The need for identifiers is underscored by the ways in which repository content is shared. A clear majority of repositories include identifiers for the repository itself and many include institutional identifiers. Those that include the latter generally also include identifiers for subordinate units within the identified institution. Most of these identifiers are not used in other usage contexts—e.g., Inter-Library Loan, electronic resource management systems, etc.—but there is some agreement that it would be important for a single identifier to be used for all organizational purposes. The majority of respondents would be willing to participate in a registry of institutional identifiers provided that participation is voluntary and cost-free.

                  Institutional identifiers already in usage are largely based upon the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) standard, whether they take the form of Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) URIs, Uniform Resource Names (URNs), CNRI Handles, or OCLC PURLs. An overwhelming majority of respondents consider resolvability of institutional identifiers important.

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                    "Broken Promises of Privacy: Responding to the Surprising Failure of Anonymization"

                    Posted in Privacy on September 14th, 2009

                    Paul Ohm, Associate Professor of Law at the University of Colorado Law School, has self-archived "Broken Promises of Privacy: Responding to the Surprising Failure of Anonymization" at SSRN.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    Computer scientists have recently undermined our faith in the privacy-protecting power of anonymization, the name for techniques for protecting the privacy of individuals in large databases by deleting information like names and social security numbers. These scientists have demonstrated they can often 'reidentify' or 'deanonymize' individuals hidden in anonymized data with astonishing ease. By understanding this research, we will realize we have made a mistake, labored beneath a fundamental misunderstanding, which has assured us much less privacy than we have assumed. This mistake pervades nearly every information privacy law, regulation, and debate, yet regulators and legal scholars have paid it scant attention. We must respond to the surprising failure of anonymization, and this Article provides the tools to do so.

                    Read more about it at "What Information Is 'Personally Identifiable'?"

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                      "7 Things You Should Know About Federated Identity Management"

                      Posted in Authentication and Security on September 14th, 2009

                      EDUCAUSE has released "7 Things You Should Know About Federated Identity Management."

                      Here's an excerpt :

                      Identity management refers to the policies, processes, and technologies that establish user identities and enforce rules about access to digital resources. With an enterprise identity management system, rather than having separate credentials for each system, a user can use a single digital identity to access all resources to which the user is entitled. Federated identity management permits extending this approach above the enterprise level, creating a trusted authority for digital identities across multiple organizations. It results in greatly simplified administration and streamlined access to resources; eliminating the need to replicate databases of user credentials for separate applications and systems offers improved security. Federated identity management puts the focus on users of information and services rather than on entities that house those resources.

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                        Web Services Librarian at University of Miami

                        Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 14th, 2009

                        The University of Miami Libraries are recruiting a Web Services Librarian.

                        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                        Reporting to the Director for Information Management and Systems, the Web Services Librarian provides leadership and direction in the design and development of the Libraries’ web presence for all services, content, and interfaces; supervises the Libraries Web Administrator. Works with the Web Administrator to co-chair the Libraries Web Team and convene a Content Managers Group for discussions and dissemination of information; develops and recommends policies, standards, and guidelines for web content development, implementation, and management in collaboration with Library and University stakeholders; oversees usability of all user interfaces and web design, and develops guidelines and assessment strategies to provide a superior experience for all users.; coordinates testing, initiates focus groups, develops reports, and disseminates information to necessary staff; collaborates effectively with Systems and Digital Initiatives staff, stake-holders and unit-level managers to conceptualize and determine technologies and design in the delivery of user-centered library services, incorporating web 2.0 technologies to provide new features and functionality; participates as an ex-officio member of the Libraries’ Student Advisory Group, and attends Education and Outreach Services meetings for informational purposes; works with Instructional Advancement and participates in programming for the Libraries’ Faculty Exploratory to support and promote faculty development and the use of technology in teaching and learning; networks, collaborates and actively participates in local, regional, national, or international organizations regarding related issues; represents and promotes the University of Miami Libraries in local, state-wide, regional, national, or international organizations as appropriate ; serves on/participates in Libraries and University organizations, committees, task forces, and teams as appropriate.

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                          Digital Scholarship

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