SWORD2 Project Final Report

Posted in Digital Repositories, DSpace, EPrints, Fedora, Institutional Repositories, Self-Archiving on October 5th, 2009

JISC has released SWORD2 Project Final Report.

Here's an excerpt:

The SWORD vision is about 'lowering the barriers to deposit', primarily for depositing content into repositories, and additionally, for depositing into any system which may wish to receive content from remote sources. The SWORD protocol defines a standard mechanism for depositing into repositories and other systems. The project and protocol were developed because there was previously no standardised way of doing this. A standard deposit interface allows repository services to be built that can offer functionality such as deposit from multiple locations, e.g. disparate repositories, desktop drag'n'drop tools, or from within standard office applications. SWORD can also facilitate deposit to multiple repositories, increasingly important for depositors who wish to deposit to funder, institutional or subject repositories. There are many other possibilities, including migration of content between repositories and transfer to preservation services. In addition to refining the existing SWORD application profile, the SWORD2 project has developed a number of tools and services to demonstrate these possibilities. It has also been pro-active in promoting SWORD and encouraging uptake within other repositories, services and tools, notably with its adoption into the Microsoft Article Authoring Add-in for Word 2007 and with the new Microsoft Zentity repository system .

The core aims of the project were to update the SWORD Protocol, the SWORD repository code libraries in the DSpace, Fedora, EPrints and Intrallect repositories, and the existing reference demonstrators. A Facebook application and validator have also been developed. Advocacy efforts include an e-learning case study, a briefing paper, a new SWORD website, and a range of additional dissemination activities, including conference papers, presentations, demonstrations and workshops at a number of national and international conferences and meetings.

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    University of Maryland: "What's the Opposite of a Pyrrhic Victory?: Lessons Learned from an Open Access Defeat"

    Posted in Open Access on October 5th, 2009

    In "What's the Opposite of a Pyrrhic Victory?: Lessons Learned from an Open Access Defeat," Tim Hackman examines the defeat of an open access resolution at the University of Maryland.

    Here's an excerpt:

    The "Faculty Voice"; article on open access published in March 2009 had been the first of its kind at UM, and discussion and drafting of the resolution had taken place mostly behind closed doors within the Faculty Affairs Committee, without involving the rest of the Senate. A handful of interested departments (almost all of them in the sciences) had met with representatives from the libraries to discuss scholarly communication and open access, but the majority of faculty members had no direct contact with someone who could explain the issue and its importance and answer specific questions. It was hoped that the faculty newsletter article would help in this regard, but it was a case of too little too late. The lesson then is don't assume faculty understand the situation or sympathize with the library's point of view.

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      Yale: "Digitization Project Derailed"

      Posted in ARL Libraries, Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on October 5th, 2009

      In "Digitization Project Derailed," Carol Hsin discusses the status of digitization efforts at the Yale University Library. (Thanks to ResourceShelf.)

      Here's an excerpt:

      Four months after Microsoft abruptly terminated its multi-million dollar book digitization deal with the University, Yale officials said they will have to wait for donations or grants to come in before they start another major book scanning project.

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        Peter Suber on "Ten Challenges for Open-Access Journals"

        Posted in E-Journals, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on October 4th, 2009

        Peter Suber has published "Ten Challenges for Open-Access Journals" in the latest issue of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter.

        Here's an excerpt:

        I start with three disparities:  the gap between journal performance and what prevailing metrics say about journal performance (#1); the gap between the vision of OA embodied in the Budapest, Bethesda, and Berlin statements and the access policies at 85% of OA journals (#2); and the gap between a journal's quality and its prestige, even when the quality is high (#3).  Then I move on to seven kinds of doubt:  doubts about quality (#4), preservation (#5), honesty (#6), publication fees (#7), sustainability (#8), redirection (#9), and strategy (#10).

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          Digital Initiatives and Scholarly Communications Librarian at West Virginia University

          Posted in Digital Library Jobs on October 4th, 2009

          The West Virginia University Libraries are recruiting a Digital Initiatives and Scholarly Communications Librarian.

          Here's an excerpt from the ad:

          The Digital Initiatives and Scholarly Communications Librarian works with librarian colleagues to develop policies and procedures for the management of digital content and metadata for varied digital projects, conducts outreach to inform the campus and the state about digital initiatives, and maintains the Libraries’ open access informational web pages. The Librarian will assist with a growing collection of digital exhibits, book digitization projects, and a well-established institutional repository, WVU Scholar. The Libraries currently work with DLXS, DigiTool, and ExLibris/Voyager. The Librarian will work with the Provosts Office and the Office of Information Technology to coordinate institutional repository policy and procedures governing submission, use, access, and preservation. This position reports to the Head of the Cataloging Department.

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            Walt Crawford on Open Access

            Posted in Open Access on October 4th, 2009

            Walt Crawford has dedicated an entire 34-page issue of Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large to a "Library Access to Scholarship" article on open access.

            Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

            A year’s worth of source material and commentary, organized into:
            Mandates, Policies and Compacts
            The Colors of OA
            Framing and Mysteries
            The Problem(s) with Green OA
            Quality, Value and Progress

            Chances are, this is the last hurrah for Library Access to Scholarship and my semi-active independent commentary on open access.

            Let's hope that Walt changes his mind about discontinuing "Library Access to Scholarship," which has always been interesting, thought-provoking, and informative reading.

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              E-Book Collections, SPEC Kit 313

              Posted in ARL Libraries, E-Books on October 4th, 2009

              The Association of Research Libraries has published E-Book Collections, SPEC Kit 313. The table of contents and executive summary are freely available.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has published E-book Collections, SPEC Kit 313, which examines the current use of e-books in ARL member libraries; their plans for implementing, increasing, or decreasing access to e-books; purchasing, cataloging, and collection management issues; and issues in marketing to and in usage by library clientele. . . .

              According to survey responses, most institutions entered the e-book arena as part of a consortium which purchased an e-book package. The earliest forays occurred in the 1990s but the majority of libraries started e-book collections between 1999 and 2004. Purchasing at the collection level allowed libraries to acquire a mass of titles with a common interface, reducing some of the transition pains to the new format. The downside of collections is that libraries find they are often saddled with titles they would not have selected in print; also, each collection might have a different interface, adding to user frustration.

              Those libraries reporting success with individually selected e-book titles cope with other problems: lag time between print and electronic publication (with electronic the lagging format), restrictive digital rights management, loss of access by ILL, and limited printing top the list of concerns. However, responses indicate a preference for title-by-title selection as a more efficient use of funds.

              This SPEC Kit includes documentation from respondents in the form of collection development policies, e-book collection Web pages, e-book promotional materials, training materials for staff and users, and e-book reader loan policies.

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                Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries' Data Conservancy Project Funded by $20 Million NSF Grant

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on October 4th, 2009

                The Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries' Data Conservancy project has been funded by a $20 million NSF grant.

                Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                The Johns Hopkins University Sheridan Libraries have been awarded $20 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to build a data research infrastructure for the management of the ever-increasing amounts of digital information created for teaching and research. The five-year award, announced this week, was one of two for what is being called "data curation."

                The project, known as the Data Conservancy, involves individuals from several institutions, with Johns Hopkins University serving as the lead and Sayeed Choudhury, Hodson Director of the Digital Research and Curation Center and associate dean of university libraries, as the principal investigator. In addition, seven Johns Hopkins faculty members are associated with the Data Conservancy, including School of Arts and Sciences professors Alexander Szalay, Bruce Marsh, and Katalin Szlavecz; School of Engineering professors Randal Burns, Charles Meneveau, and Andreas Terzis; and School of Medicine professor Jef Boeke. The Hopkins-led project is part of a larger $100 million NSF effort to ensure preservation and curation of engineering and science data.

                Beginning with the life, earth, and social sciences, project members will develop a framework to more fully understand data practices currently in use and arrive at a model for curation that allows ease of access both within and across disciplines.

                "Data curation is not an end but a means," said Choudhury. "Science and engineering research and education are increasingly digital and data-intensive, which means that new management structures and technologies will be critical to accommodate the diversity, size, and complexity of current and future data sets and streams. Our ultimate goal is to support new ways of inquiry and learning. The potential for the sharing and application of data across disciplines is incredible. But it’s not enough to simply discover data; you need to be able to access it and be assured it will remain available."

                The Data Conservancy grant represents one of the first awards related to the Institute of Data Intensive Engineering and Science (IDIES), a collaboration between the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, the Whiting School of Engineering, and the Sheridan Libraries. . . .

                In addition to the $20 million grant announced today, the Libraries received a $300,000 grant from NSF to study the feasibility of developing, operating and sustaining an open access repository of articles from NSF-sponsored research. Libraries staff will work with colleagues from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), and the University of Michigan Libraries to explore the potential for the development of a repository (or set of repositories) similar to PubMedCentral, the open-access repository that features articles from NIH-sponsored research. This grant for the feasibility study will allow Choudhury's group to evaluate how to integrate activities under the framework of the Data Conservancy and will result in a set of recommendations for NSF regarding an open access repository.

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                  Indiana University Bloomington Media Preservation Survey

                  Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Media on October 1st, 2009

                  Indiana University Bloomington has released its Media Preservation Survey.

                  Here's an excerpt:

                  The survey task force recommends a number of actions to facilitate the time-critical process of rescuing IUB’s audio, video, and film media.

                  • Appoint a campus-wide taskforce to advise
                    • the development of priorities for preservation action
                    • the development of a campus-wide preservation plan
                    • how units can leverage resources for the future
                  • Create a centralized media preservation and digitization center that will serve the entire campus, using international standards for preservation transfer. As part of the planning for this center, hire a
                    • media preservation specialist
                    • film archivist
                  • Develop special funding for the massive and rapid digitization of the treasures of IU over the next 10 years.
                  • Create a centralized physical storage space appropriate for film, video, and audio.
                  • Provide archival appraisal and control across campus to
                    • assure quality of digitization for preservation
                    • oversee plans for maintaining original media
                  • Develop cataloging services for special collections to improve intellectual control to
                    • accelerate research opportunities
                    • improve access.
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                    Software Developer (C++/C and Linux/Unix) at King's College London

                    Posted in Digital Library Jobs on October 1st, 2009

                    The Centre for e-Research at King's College London is recruiting a Software Developer (C++/C and Linux/Unix) to work on the OCRopodium project, which is "investigating the use of the open source OCRopus software (http://sites.google.com/site/ocropus/) for applying Optical Character Recognition (OCR) to historical and archival material" (fixed-term contract for 18 months).

                    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                    The successful applicant will be the key technical staff member for the project, and will be responsible for:

                    • Carrying out technical investigations into the functionality and architecture of OCRopus. As OCRopus is an actively growing open source project and thus imperfectly documented, this will in itself require an ability to understand the source code and debug the software.
                    • Developing and integrating software components for OCRing historical material, and enhancing existing components.
                    • Contributing new and enhanced components to the OCRopus open source project.
                    • Benchmarking and evaluation of OCRopus, in collaboration with our project partners at Queen's University, Belfast (QUB).
                    • Integrating OCR within broader digitisation and digital library workflows.
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                      Publishing and the Ecology of European Research Project Releases PEER Annual Report—Year 1

                      Posted in Open Access, Publishing, Self-Archiving on October 1st, 2009

                      The Publishing and the Ecology of European Research project has released PEER Annual Report—Year 1.

                      Here's an excerpt:

                      PEER (Publishing and the Ecology of European Research), supported by the EC eContentplus programme, is investigating the effects of the large-scale, systematic depositing of authors' final peer reviewed manuscripts (so called Green Open Access or stage-two research output) on reader access, author visibility, and journal viability, as well as on the broader ecology of European research.

                      Peer-reviewed journals play a key role in scholarly communication and are essential for scientific progress and European competitiveness. The publishing and research communities share the view that increased access to the results of EU-funded research is necessary to maximise their use and impact. However, they hold different views on whether mandated deposit in open access repositories will achieve greater use and impact. There are also differences of opinion as to the most appropriate embargo periods. No consensus has been reached on a way forward so far.

                      The lack of consensus on these key issues stems from a lack of clear evidence of what impact the broad and systematic archiving of research outputs in open access repositories might be, but PEER aims to change this through building a substantial body of evidence, via the development of an "observatory" to monitor the effects of systematic archiving over time.

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                        New York Public Library and Kirtas Technologies Make Half-Million Public Domain Books Available

                        Posted in ARL Libraries, Digitization, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Public Domain, Publishing on October 1st, 2009

                        The New York Public Library and Kirtas Technologies are making a half-million public domain books available for sale as digitized or printed copies.

                        Here's an excerpt from the press release:

                        Readers and researchers looking for hard-to-find books now have the opportunity to dip into the collections of one of the world's most comprehensive libraries to purchase digitized copies of public domain titles. Through their Digitize-on-Demand program, Kirtas Technologies has partnered with The New York Public Library to make 500,000 public domain works from the Library's collections available (to anyone in the world).

                        "New technology has allowed the Library to greatly expand access to its collections," said Paul LeClerc, President of The New York Public Library. "Now, for the first time, library users are able to order copies of specific items from our vast public domain collections that are useful to them. Additionally the program creates a digital legacy for future users of the same item and a revenue stream to support our operations. We are very pleased to participate in a program that is so beneficial to everyone involved."

                        Using existing information from NYPL's catalog records, Kirtas will make the library's public domain books available for sale through its retail site before they are ever digitized. Customers can search for a desired title on www.kirtasbooks.com and place an order for that book. When the order is placed, only then is it pulled from the shelf, digitized and made available as a high-quality reprint or digital file.

                        What makes this approach to digitization unique is that NYPL incurs no up-front printing, production or storage costs. It also provides the library with a self-funding, commercial model helping it to sustain its digitization programs in the future. Unlike other free or low-cost digitization programs, the library retains the rights and ownership to their own digitized content.

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                          Digital Scholarship

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