"Academic Author Objections to the Google Book Search Settlement"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, E-Books, Google and Other Search Engines, Mass Digitizaton, Publishing on February 21st, 2010

Pamela Samuelson has self-archived "Academic Author Objections to the Google Book Search Settlement" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

This Article explains the genesis of the Google Book Search (GBS) project and the copyright infringement lawsuit challenging it that the litigants now wish to settle with a comprehensive restructuring of the market for digital books. At first blush, the settlement seems to be a win-win-win, as it will make millions of books more available to the public, result in new streams of revenues for authors and publishers, and give Google a chance to recoup its investment in scanning millions of books. Notwithstanding these benefits, a closer examination of the fine details of the proposed GBS settlement should give academic authors some pause. The interests of academic authors were not adequately represented during the negotiations that yielded the proposed settlement. Especially troublesome are provisions in the proposed settlement are the lack of meaningful constraints on the pricing of institutional subscriptions and the plan for disposing of revenues derived from the commercialization of "orphan" and other unclaimed books. The Article also raises concerns about whether the parties' professed aspirations for GBS to be a universal digital library are being undermined by their own withdrawals of books from the regime the settlement would establish. Finally, the Article suggests changes that should be made to the proposed settlement to make it fair, reasonable, and adequate to the academic authors whose works make up a substantial proportion of the GBS corpus. Even with these modifications, however, there are serious questions about whether the class defined in the PASA can be certified consistent with Rule 23, whether the settlement is otherwise compliant with Rule 23, whether the settlement is consistent with the antitrust laws, and whether approval of this settlement is an appropriate exercise of judicial power.

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    Digital Curation Librarian at Michigan State University

    Posted in Digital Library Jobs on February 21st, 2010

    The Michigan State University Libraries are recruiting a Digital Curation Librarian, Librarian I. Minimum salary: $46,000.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad:

    Reports to the Assistant Director for Digital Information. Working closely with staff in Digital and Multimedia Center, Library IT, Preservation, and other library units, as well as with partners at other institutions, the Digital Curation Librarian will: Plan, develop and provide leadership for a digital curation program for Library collections by reviewing existing library practices and analyzing needs and establishing policies and best practices for the long-term protection and access to digital materials, both created by or acquired for the library. Digital collections formats comprise text, image, audio-visual resources, and research data sets. Collaborate in planning, creating, and managing digital collections. Implement quality control procedures. Identify and collaborate with technical partners within the library, campus and consortial communities. Participate approximately quarter-time in a secondary assignment based on qualifications, interests and need; may include work in areas such as reference, instruction, cataloging, or collection development. Participate in professional development and research activities and serve on library and university committees as elected or assigned. Other appropriate duties as assigned. For more information about Michigan State University Libraries, please visit our website at http://www2.lib.msu.edu

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      EFF: "Digital Books and Your Rights: A Checklist for Readers"

      Posted in Copyright, Digital Rights Management, E-Books on February 21st, 2010

      The Electronic Frontier Foundation has released "Digital Books and Your Rights: A Checklist for Readers."

      Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

      What questions should consumers ask before buying a digital book or reader? Today the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) published "Digital Books and Your Rights," a checklist for readers considering buying into the digital book marketplace.

      Over the last few months, the universe of digital books has expanded dramatically, with products like Amazon's Kindle, Google Books, Internet Archive's Text Archive, Barnes and Noble's Nook, and Apple's upcoming iPad poised to revolutionize reading. But while this digital books revolution could make books more accessible than ever before, there are lingering questions about the future of reader privacy, consumers' rights, and potential censorship.

      EFF's checklist outlines eight categories of questions readers should ask as they evaluate new digital book products and services, including:

      *Does the service protect your privacy by limiting tracking of you and your reading?

      *When you pay for a book, do you own the book, or do you just rent or license it?

      *Is the service censorship resistant?

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        Database Analyst and Web Services Developer at Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library

        Posted in Library IT Jobs on February 21st, 2010

        The Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library is recruiting a Database Analyst and Web Services Developer. Starting Salary: $55,000 minimum, commensurate with experience.

        Here's an excerpt from the ad:

        The HAM-TMC Library seeks an innovative and energetic technology professional to provide support for our database and web environment. The Database and Web Services Developer reports to the Associate Director of Information Technology and has the following academic computing functions: 1) management of the Library's web presence, 2) management and development of the Library's local databases, 3) creation and integration of web-based personalization tools including Web 2.0 applet development (iPhone Apps, Google Gadgets, Microsoft Widgets). The Developer is an integral member of a work team that guarantees the effective delivery and analysis of electronic information to the scholars, students, and researchers that make up the diverse community in the Texas Medical Center.

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          The Future of the Internet IV

          Posted in Digital Culture on February 21st, 2010

          The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has released The Future of the Internet IV.

          Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

          The web-based survey gathered opinions from prominent scientists, business leaders, consultants, writers and technology developers. It is the fourth in a series of Internet expert studies conducted by the Imagining the Internet Center at Elon University and the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project. In this report, we cover experts' thoughts on the following issues:

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            Last Week’s DigitalKoans Tweets 2010-02-21

            Posted in Last Week's DigitalKoan's Tweets on February 21st, 2010
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              DigitalKoans Break

              Posted in Announcements on February 11th, 2010

              DigitalKoans postings will resume on 2/22/10.

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                "Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research"

                Posted in Open Access, Scholarly Metrics on February 10th, 2010

                Yassine Gargouri, Chawki Hajjem, Vincent Lariviere, Yves Gingras, Tim Brody, Les Carr, Stevan Harnad have self-archived "Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research" in the ECS EPrints Repository

                Here's an excerpt:

                Articles whose authors make them Open Access (OA) by self-archiving them online are cited significantly more than articles accessible only to subscribers. Some have suggested that this "OA Advantage" may not be causal but just a self-selection bias, because authors preferentially make higher-quality articles OA. To test this we compared self-selective self-archiving with mandatory self-archiving for a sample of 27,197 articles published 2002-2006 in 1,984 journals. The OA Advantage proved just as high for both. Logistic regression showed that the advantage is independent of other correlates of citations (article age; journal impact factor; number of co-authors, references or pages; field; article type; country or institution) and greatest for the most highly cited articles. The OA Advantage is real, independent and causal, but skewed. Its size is indeed correlated with quality, just as citations themselves are (the top 20% of articles receive about 80% of all citations). The advantage is greater for the more citeable articles, not because of a quality bias from authors self-selecting what to make OA, but because of a quality advantage, from users self-selecting what to use and cite, freed by OA from the constraints of selective accessibility to subscribers only. [See accompanying RTF file for responses to feedback. Four PDF files provide Supplementary Analysis.]

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                  Head, Circulation & Systems Technology at Bowie State University

                  Posted in Library IT Jobs on February 10th, 2010

                  The Thurgood Marshall Library at Bowie State University is recruiting a Head, Circulation & Systems.

                  Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                  Reports directly to the Associate Director for Public Services. Provides overall management of automated University System of Maryland and Affiliated Institutions (USMAI) Ex Libris Aleph circulation department services, library technology systems, and a variety of technologies in a team-environment; plans, implements and manages library technology projects and services in conjunction with librarians and Division of Information Technology (DIT) staff; installs, maintains and supports software utilities and applications associated with the library's integrated library system and other library-specific applications; oversees the purchase of system components; performs skilled work in the installation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of library software applications; prioritizes and escalates issues for resolution; represents the Library and the University as appropriate in all circulation and library technology-related activities at the local, state, regional, and national levels; serves at the reference desk, as necessary and participates in the library information literacy instruction program; participates in library, university, and system-wide initiatives; works days, nights, and weekends.

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                    Digital Publishing in the AAUP Community; Survey Report: Winter 2009-2010

                    Posted in Publishing, University Presses on February 10th, 2010

                    The Association of American University Presses has released Digital Publishing in the AAUP Community; Survey Report: Winter 2009-2010.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    In October–November 2009, AAUP surveyed its member presses about digital publishing strategies and programs. The survey had two purposes. This report shares the responses to seven questions specifically about digital strategies, technologies, and concerns related to their book publishing programs. The survey also collected new and updated information on specific e-publishing programs at member presses in order to update the association’s online directory of such projects.

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                      Digital Research Repository Support Officer at University of St Andrews

                      Posted in Digital Library Jobs on February 10th, 2010

                      The University Library at the University of St. Andrews is recruiting a Digital Research Repository Support Officer.

                      Here's an excerpt from the ad:

                      The University Library is looking to fill a fixed term vacancy in its Collections Division, providing support for the Digital Research Repository (DRR) Manager. This new post is being created to assist the DRR manager in developing effective and streamlined workflows for the Current research information system (CRIS) and the DRR. This post will contribute to an improved level of service to researchers using the new Research Information Service and will also support the introduction of new services. The investigation of new functionality and workflows, especially to comply with funder mandates are vital elements. Open Journals Software will also be a primary area of investigation.

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                        Lagoze: "Lost Identity: The Assimilation of Digital Libraries into the Web"

                        Posted in Digital Libraries on February 10th, 2010

                        Carl Lagoze has made his doctoral dissertation, "Lost Identity: The Assimilation of Digital Libraries into the Web," available.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        The idea of Digital Libraries emerged in the early 1990s from a vision of a "library of the future", without walls and open 24 hours a day. These digital libraries would leverage the substantial investments of federal funding in the Internet and advanced computing for the benefit of the entire population. The world’s knowledge would be a key press away for everyone no matter where their location. This vision led to substantial levels of funding from federal agencies, foundations, and other organizations for research into fundamental technical problems related to networked information and deployment of the results of this research in numerous digital library applications. The result was a number of exciting and influential technical innovations.

                        But, the attempt to transplant the library to the online environment met with some unexpected obstacles. The funding agencies and many of the members of the digital library research community mainly focused on the technical issues related to online information. In general, they assumed that the new technology would be applied in a largely traditional (library) context, and largely ignored the profound social, economic, cultural, and political impact of turning "books (and other information resources) into bytes". The extent of this impact was demonstrated by the concurrent evolution of the World Wide Web, a networked information system not bound by legacy institutional conventions and practices or funding agency mandates and, therefore, able to organically evolve in response to the profoundly democratizing effect of putting information online. This has provided the context for the recent revolution in the web known as Web 2.0, a participatory information environment that contradicts most of the core assumptions of the traditional library information environment. The overwhelming adoption of the Web 2.0 model for both popular culture and serious information exchange and the increased evidence of the efficacy of this model for activities such as learning and scholarship call into question the viability of the library information model and the digital libraries that were meant to instantiate that model online.

                        In this dissertation I examine the almost two decade history of digital library research and analyze the relevance of the library information model, or meme, in relationship to the transformative Web 2.0 meme. I use my research results in digital library infrastructure and technology over this period as both a lens for viewing this historical relationship and a mirror for revealing its various facets. This analysis is particularly relevant as I, and fellow members of the research community, begin to engage in large-scale cyberinfrastructure projects that need to move beyond the largely technical focus of earlier digital library initiatives and recognize the sociotechnical nature of the work that lies ahead.

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                          Digital Scholarship

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