Digital Curation News (9/9/2014) #digitalpreservation

Posted in Digital Curation News on September 9th, 2014

Digital Scholarship | Digital Curation News | Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

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    Information Technology Librarian at Arizona Health Sciences Library

    Posted in Library IT Jobs on September 9th, 2014

    The Arizona Health Sciences Library is recruiting an Information Technology Librarian.

    Here's an excerpt from the ad.

    The Information Technology Librarian works in partnership with library personnel, campus IT professionals and clients to design, develop and maintain applications that support the delivery of library services and ensure reliable access to online information resources and digital collections, regardless of platform.

    Digital Scholarship | Digital Library Jobs | Library IT Jobs | Sitemap

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      "Copyright’s Paradox: The Public Interest and Private Monopoly"

      Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars on September 9th, 2014

      Nicholas Ruiz has self-archived "Copyright's Paradox: The Public Interest and Private Monopoly."

      Here's an excerpt:

      Copyright in its current state presents two major concerns: 1) The broad scope of the derivative right undermines the idea/expression dichotomy and adds doubt in the minds of the secondary users; and 2) The custom of extending durations of "existing" copyrights is unconstitutional and is causing a stagnate public domain. As a consequence of these problems, the free flow of ideas and dissemination of information has been thwarted. In response to these problems, I have researched possible remedies, looking to copyright systems abroad, other legal scholars, our history, and other developed areas of law.

      There must be some kind of mechanism to limit Congress' ability of extending existing copyright terms; otherwise the Constitutional mandate of a "limited" term will have no consequence. This comment suggests reinstating requisite formalities, the two-term copyright regime, and a new formulation of the derivative works right.

      Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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        Department Head, Office of Digital Innovation and Stewardship at University of Arizona

        Posted in Digital Library Jobs on September 9th, 2014

        The University of Arizona is recruiting a Department Head, Office of Digital Innovation and Stewardship.

        Here's an excerpt from the ad.

        The Head of ODIS will be responsible for leadership, management, and planning for the services and function of the Office of Digital Innovation and Stewardship, which includes 10 FTE professionals and a large team of students and temporary employees. As the librarians have faculty status, the Director will have responsibility for coaching and guiding librarians through the promotion and continuing status process. The Director also will be responsible for ensuring that department planning furthers the Libraries' goals and that appropriate quality standards are identified and met.

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          "The Public Domain vs. The Museum: The Limits of Copyright and Reproductions of Two-Dimensional Works of Art"

          Posted in Copyright, Museums on September 9th, 2014

          Grischka Petri has self-archived "The Public Domain vs. The Museum: The Limits of Copyright And Reproductions of Two-Dimensional Works of Art."

          Here's an excerpt:

          The problem of museums and public institutions handling reproductions of works in their collections is not only a legal question but also one of museum ethics. Public museums are committed to spreading knowledge and to making their collections accessible. When it comes to images of their holdings, however, they often follow a restrictive policy. Even for works in the public domain they claim copyright for their reproductive photographs. This paper offers an analysis of the different interests at stake, a short survey of important cases, and practical recommendations.

          Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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            Digital Curation News (9/8/2014) #digitalpreservation

            Posted in Digital Curation News on September 8th, 2014

            Digital Scholarship | Digital Curation News | Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

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              The Best Software for Creating Digital Art from Photographs

              Posted in Digital Art on September 8th, 2014

              Interested in turning photographs into works of digital art, such as cartoons, charcoal drawings, ink drawings, oil paintings, pastel drawings, pencil drawings, and watercolors? Here are brief descriptions of some key software tools for desktop computers. Unless otherwise noted they work in Photoshop and Photoshop Elements as plug-ins.

              Snap Art 4 by Alien Skin Software

              This is a very powerful and full-featured Windows/Mac program that allows you to easily create charcoal drawings, color pencil drawings, comics, crayon drawings. impasto paintings, oil paintings, pastel drawings, pen and ink drawings, pencil sketches, Pointillism paintings, and stylized illustrations.

              There are a variety of presets for each effect, and slider controls for background (i.e., brush size, photorealism, coverage, stroke length, and color variation), detail masking (similar controls as background), colors (e.g., brightness, contrast, and saturation), lighting (e.g., angle, direction, and highlight characteristics as well as vignette effect), and canvas effects (e.g, pastel paper). The ability to close side-panel controls permits a large preview space.

              This program is especially useful for charcoal drawings, color pencil drawings, impasto paintings, oil paintings, pastel drawings, and pencil sketches. It also works as a stand-alone program. If you can only buy one tool, this is the one to get. Here's an example of a oil pastel drawing that was created using Snap Art 4:

              Digital Oil Pastel Drawing of Docked Gondolas Near the Piazza San Marco in Venice by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

              Dynamic Auto-Painter by MediaChance

              This Windows stand-alone program allows you to paint in the style of famous painters, such as Paul Cézanne, Claude Monet, and Vincent van Gogh. It allows you to create acrylic paintings, Aquarelle paintings, chalk drawings, felt tip marker drawings, oil paintings, pencil drawings, tempera paintings, watercolor paintings, wax crayon drawings, and woodcuts. A few other effects are also available.

              There are a variety of controls for each effect, such as brush strokes, canvas, detail brushes, faithfulness, realism, palette, and quality. It includes image adjustments (e.g., brightness/contrast), masking effects (e.g., detail), plug-ins (e.g., perspective correction), and other sophisticated features. It also supports canvas, material, and overlay effects.

              While the presets can be used to easily create artworks, the real power of this full-featured program is not revealed until you start using the advanced controls. This program is especially useful for Aquarelle paintings, oil paintings, and watercolor paintings. Here's an example of a oil painting that was created using Dynamic Auto-Painter and then slightly altered with SnapArt 4:

              Digital Oil Painting of the Ronde Lutherse Kerk by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

              AKVIS Sketch

              This Windows/Mac tool, which is available as a stand-alone program, a plug-in, or both, allows you to create drawings and watercolors. It offers a very wide variety of well-rendered effects, such as black pen, charcoal, color pencil, lead pencil, and pastel, organized into two groups: classic and artistic.

              Sliders allow you to fine-tune these effects. For example, using the lead pencil effect you might alter stroke angle, thickness, and length; modify midtones intensity and hatching; and modify stroke direction. It uses an movable, but small preview window that can be zoomed.

              This program is especially useful for charcoal, pen, and pencil drawings. Here's an example of a black pen drawing that was created using AKVIS Sketch and then colored with the Topaz B&W Effects plug-in:

              Amsterdam Centraal Railway Station (Digital Ink Drawing)

              AKVIS ArtWork

              This Windows/Mac tool, which is available as a stand-alone program, a plug-in, or both, allows you to create comics, gouache paintings, linocuts, oil paintings, pen and ink drawings, and watercolors.

              It has similar control features as AKVIS Sketch. For example, using the gouache setting you might alter primary stroke characteristics (i.e., stoke density, length, and thickness), additional strokes characteristics, blurring, deviation, and stoke length. Additional controls allow you to control text effects and canvas effects.

              This program is especially useful for charcoal drawings, gouache paintings, and pen and ink drawings. Here's an example of a gouache painting that was created using AKVIS ArtWork:

              Saint Denis Statue at Cathedrale Notre Dame de Paris (Digital Gouache Painting)

              AKVIS OilPaint

              This Windows/Mac tool, which is available as a stand-alone program, a plug-in, or both, allows you to create oil paintings and oil pastel drawings. It has similar control features as AKVIS ArtWork. It offers some unique painting effects, such as palette knife. Here's an example of a oil painting that was created using AKVIS OilPaint:

              Digital Oil Painting of a Flower

              JixiPix Programs

              JixiPix offers a variety of very low-cost standalone programs, some of which offer unique features. For example, the Moku Hanga (Japanese wood-block printing) program. Here's an example of a Moku Hanga that was created using JixiPix:

              Digital Moku Hanga Woodblock Print of a Cat in Doorway of Villa, Fucecchio, Italy by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

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                Systems and Information Technology Librarian at Metropolitan Museum of Art

                Posted in Digital Library Jobs on September 8th, 2014

                The Metropolitan Museum of Art is recruiting a Systems and Information Technology Librarian.

                Here's an excerpt from the ad.

                The Systems and Information Technology Librarian performs a variety of key activities in Watson Library's team-based environment. This position administers and maintains the library's integrated library system and ensures its optimal performance and continuous development; manages the library's hardware and software applications; and plays an active role in the library's digital initiatives. This librarian is an active member of several technical services teams and provides reference and research support to library patrons. This position works collaboratively with library staff to regularly assess procedures, and develops strategies for the implementation of technologies to enhance access to the collections, to increase productivity, and to streamline workflows. This position will work collaboratively with the departments of Digital Media and Information Technology to coordinate and continuously improve library systems and services.

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