5.1 Legal Issues: Intellectual Property Rights

Adler, Prudence. "Copyright and Intellectual Property Legislation and Related Activities: New Challenges for Libraries." Journal of Library Administration 35, no. 3 (2001): 107-118.

———. "The Role of Fair Use in Libraries and Education." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 244 (2006): 18-19.

Adler, Prudence S., G. Jaia Barrett, Patricia Brennan, Mary Case, Mary E. Jackson, and Duane E. Webster, comps. Copyright and the NII: Resources for the Library and Education Community. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 1996.

Alexander, Adrian W. "Wither Fair Use? A Library Consortium Viewpoint." portal: Libraries and the Academy 1, no. 2 (2001): 197-202.

Alexander, Adrian W., and Julie S. Alexander. "Intellectual Property Rights and the 'Sacred Engine': Scholarly Publishing in the Electronic Age." In Advances in Library Resource Sharing, vol. 1, ed. Jennifer Cargill and Diane J. Graves, 176-192. Westport, CT: Meckler Publishing, 1990.

Anderson, Byron. "First Sale, Digital Copyright, and Libraries." Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian 21, no. 1 (2002): 73-76.

Ang, Steven. "Agenda for Change: Intellectual Property Rights and Access Management—A Framework for Discussion on the Relationship between Copyright and the Role of Libraries in the Digital Age." Library Review 50, no. 7/8 (2001): 382-394.

Appel, Andrew W., and Edward W. Felten. "Technological Access Control Interferes with Noninfringing Scholarship." Communications of the ACM 43 (September 2000): 21-23.

Bailey, Charles W., Jr. "Strong Copyright + DRM + Weak Net Neutrality = Digital Dystopia?" Information Technology and Libraries 25, no. 3 (2006): 116-127, 139. http://www.digital-scholarship.org/cwb/ital25n3.pdf

Bald, Margaret. "The Case of the Disappearing Author." Serials Review 19, no. 3 (1993): 7-14.

Band, Jonathan. "Armageddon on the Potomac: The Collections of Information Antipiracy Act." D-Lib Magazine (January 1999). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january99/01band.html

———. The Google Library Project: The Copyright Debate. Washington, DC: Office for Information Technology Policy, American Library Association, 2006. http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/oitp/googlepaprfnl.pdf

Band, Jonathan, and Jonathan S. Gowdy. "Sui Generis Database Protection: Has Its Time Come?" D-Lib Magazine (June 1997). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june97/06band.html

Barlow, John Perry. "The Economy of Ideas: A Framework for Rethinking Patents and Copyrights in the Digital Age (Everything You Know about Intellectual Property Is Wrong)." Wired 2 (March 1994): 84-90, 126-129.

———. "Property and Speech: Who Owns What You Say in Cyberspace?" Communications of the ACM 38 (December 1995): 19-22.

Bennett, Scott. "Author's Rights." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 5, no. 2 (1999). http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/05-02/bennett.html

———. "Copyright and Innovation in Electronic Publishing: A Commentary." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 19 (May 1993): 87-91.

———. "The Copyright Challenge: Strengthening the Public Interest in the Digital Age." Library Journal, 15 November 1994, 34-37.

Beger, Gabriele. "Copyright Law in the European Union, with Special Reference to Germany." Library Review 54, no. 2 (2005): 119-132.

Besek, June M. Copyright Issues Relevant to Digital Preservation and Dissemination of Pre-1972 Commercial Sound Recordings by Libraries and Archives. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources and the Library of Congress, 2005. http://www.clir.org/PUBS/abstract/pub135abst.html

———. Copyright Issues Relevant to the Creation of a Digital Archive: A Preliminary Assessment. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2003. http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub112/pub112.pdf

———. "Copyright: What Makes a Use 'Fair'?" EDUCAUSE Review 38, no. 6 (2003): 12-13. http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0368.pdf

Bide, Mark. "Copyright and the Network." Learned Publishing 16, no. 2 (2003): 103-109.

Blumenstyk, Goldie. "Academic Groups Say Copyright Legislation in Congress Would Impede Scholarship." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 29 May 1998, A33.

———. "After 3 Years, Academics and Publishers Reach No Clear Conclusions on 'Fair Use.'" The Chronicle of Higher Education, 30 May 1997, A32-A33.

———. "Copyright Law Closes Loophole on Distribution of Software." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 9 January 1998, A28-A29.

———. "Educators and Publishers Reach Agreement on 'Fair Use' Guidelines for CD-ROMs." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 25 October 1996, A28.

———. "Patent Headaches." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 17 November 1995, A17, A19.

Boyle, James. "Expanding the Public Domain." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 241 (2005): 1-4.

Branscomb, Anne Wells. "Public and Private Domains of Information: Defining the Legal Boundaries." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science 21 (December/January 1995): 14-18.

Burke, Edmund. "Database Copyrights." Educom Review 30 (March/April 1995): 56-57. http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/review/reviewarticles/30256.html

Burrell, Robert, and Allison Coleman. Copyright Exceptions: The Digital Impact. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Buttler, Dwayne K. "CONFU-sed: Security, Safe Harbors, and Fair-Use Guidelines." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1308-1312.

Byrd, Gary D. "Protecting Access to the Intellectual Property of the Health Sciences." Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 82, no. 4 (1994): 444-445. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=225974&action=stream&blobtype=pdf

Campbell, Jerry D. "Intellectual Property in a Networked World: Balancing Fair Use and Commercial Interests." Library Acquisitions: Practice & Theory 19, no. 2 (1995): 179-184.

Campbell, James. "Reactions to the Enclosure of the Information Commons: 2000-2004." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 32, no. 1 (2005): 11-15. http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Oct-05/campbell.html

Carlson, Scott. "Once-Trustworthy Newspaper Databases Have Become Unreliable and Frustrating." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 25 January 2002, A29-A30.

Carter, Howard. "Library Faculty Publishing and Intellectual Property Issues: A Survey of Attitudes and Awareness." portal: Libraries and the Academy 7, no. 1 (2007): 65-79.

Cave, Mike, Marilyn Deegan, and Louise Heinink. "Copyright Clearance in the Refugee Studies Centre Digital Library Project." RLG DigiNews 4, no. 5 (2000). http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews4-5.html#feature1

Charlesworth, Andrew. "Digital Curation, Copyright, and Academic Research." International Journal of Digital Curation 1, no. 1 (2006). http://www.ijdc.net/ijdc/article/view/7/6

Cheverie, Joan F. "The Changing Economics of Information, Technological Development, and Copyright Protection: What Are the Consequences for the Public Domain?" The Journal of Academic Librarianship 28, no. 5 (2002): 325-331.

Clark, Charles. "In What Are We Trading? Author's Rights and Publishers' Rights in Traditional and Digital Media." Learned Publishing 12 (July 1999): 179-189.

Clark, Jeff. "Libraries and the Fate of Digital Content." Library Journal, 15 June 2001, 44-47.

Coleman, Anita Sundaram. "Self-Archiving and the Copyright Transfer Agreements of ISI-ranked Library and Information Science Journals." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 58, no. 2 (2007): 286-296. http://dlist.sir.arizona.edu/1082/

Covey, Denise Troll. Acquiring Copyright Permission to Digitize and Provide Open Access to Books. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources and Digital Library Federation, 2005. http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub134abst.html

Crews, Kenneth D. Copyright, Fair Use, and the Challenge for Universities: Promoting the Progress of Higher Education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.

———. Copyright Law for Librarians And Educators: Creative Strategies and Practical Solutions. 2nd ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 2005.

———. "Electronic Reserves and Fair Use: The Outer Limits of CONFU." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1342-1345.

———. "What Qualifies as 'Fair Use'?" The Chronicle of Higher Education, 17 May 1996, B1-B2.

Crews, Kenneth D., and Georgia K. Harper. "The Immunity Dilemma: Are State Colleges and Universities Still Liable for Copyright Infringements?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1350-1352.

Crews, Kenneth D., and Gerard van Westrienen. "Copyright, Publishing, and Scholarship: The 'Zwolle Group' Initiative for the Advancement of Higher Education." D-Lib Magazine 13, no. 1/2 (2007). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january07/crews/01crews.html

Davis, Jinnie Y. "Fair Use after CONFU." College & Research Libraries 59 (May 1998): 209-211.

Deazley, Ronan. Rethinking Copyright: History, Theory, Language. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2006.

DeLoughry, Thomas J. "Copyright in Cyberspace." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 15 September 1995, A22, A24.

Desmarais, Norman. "Copyright and Fair Use of Multimedia Resources." The Acquisitions Librarian, no. 26 (2001): 27-59.

Downes, Daniel M. "New Media Economy: Intellectual Property and Cultural Insurrection." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 9, no. 1 (2006). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.3336451.0009.103

Duggan, Mary Kay. "Copyright of Electronic Information: Issues and Questions." ONLINE 15 (May 1991): 20-26.

Dyson, Esther. "Intellectual Value." Wired 3 (July 1995): 136-141, 182-184.

Edmonds, Kelly. "Off with Their Heads! Copyright Infringement in the Canadian Online Higher Educational Environment." Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 32, no. 2 (2006). http://www.cjlt.ca/content/vol32.2/edmonds.html

Eisenschitz, Tamara. "Moral Rights and Information Content in Published Works." Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives 58, no. 4 (2006): 316-329.

Elliott, Roger. "Who Owns Scientific Data? The Impact of Intellectual Property Rights on the Scientific Publication Chain." Learned Publishing 18, no. 2 (2005): 91-94.

Ewing, John. "Copyright and Authors." First Monday 8, no. 10 (2003). http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue8_10/ewing/index.html

Fernández-Molina, J. Carlos. "Laws against the Circumvention of Copyright Technological Protection." Journal of Documentation 59, no. 1 (2003): 41-68.

———. "The Legal Protection of Databases: Current Situation of the International Harmonisation Process." Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives 56, no. 6 (2004): 325-334.

Fernández-Molina, J. Carlos, and Eduardo Peis. "The Moral Rights of Authors in the Age of Digital Information." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 52, no. 2 (2001): 109-117.

Field, Thomas G., Jr. "Copyright in E-Mail." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 5 (September 1999). http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/05-01/field.html

Fisher, Janet H. "Copyright: The Glue of the System." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 1 (January 1995). http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/works/fisher.copyright.html

Fitzgerald, Brian, and Kylie Pappalardo. "The Law as Cyberinfrastructure." CTWatch Quarterly 3, no. 3 (2007). http://www.ctwatch.org/quarterly/print.php?p=87

Foster, Andrea L. "Scholars and Libraries Want Permission to Copy Electronic Materials." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 15 December 2000, A51.

Frankel, Mark S. "Seizing the Moment: Scientists' Authorship Rights in the Digital Age." Learned Publishing 16, no. 3 (2003): 123-128. http://lysander.ingentaselect.com/vl=4154097/cl=72/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v16n2/s7/p123

Frazier, Kenneth. "Protecting Copyright and Preserving Fair Use in the Electronic Future." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 30 June 1995, A40.

———. "What's Wrong with Fair-Use Guidelines for the Academic Community?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1320-1323.

Friedman, Jonathan A., and Francis M. Buono. "Using the Digital Millennium Copyright Act to Limit Potential Copyright Liability Online." The Richmond Journal of Law & Technology 6 (Winter 1999-2000). http://law.richmond.edu/jolt//v6i4/article1.html

Friend, Frederick J. "Zwolle's Contribution to Good Copyright Relationships." Serials 17, no. 2 (2004): 196-199.

Gadd, Elizabeth. "Copyright Clearance for the Digital Library: A Practical Guide." Learned Publishing 10, no. 3 (1997): 255-259.

Gadd, Elizabeth, Charles Oppenheim, and Steve Probets. "The Intellectual Property Rights Issues Facing Self-Archiving: Key Findings of the RoMEO Project." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 9 (2003). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september03/gadd/09gadd.html

———. "The RoMEO Project: Protecting Metadata in an Open Access Environment." Ariadne, no. 36 (2003). http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue36/romeo/

———. "RoMEO Studies 1: The Impact of Copyright Ownership on Academic Author Self-Archiving." Journal of Documentation 59, no. 3 (2003): 243-277. http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001338/

———. "RoMEO Studies 2: How Academics Want to Protect Their Open-Access Research Papers." Journal of Information Science 29, no. 5 (2003): 333-356. http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001426/

———. "RoMEO Studies 3: How Academics Expect to Use Open-Access Research Papers." Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 35, no. 3 (2003): 171-187. http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001427/

———. "RoMEO Studies 4: An Analysis of Journal Publishers' Copyright Agreements." Learned Publishing 16, no. 4 (2003): 293-308. http://lysander.ingentaselect.com/vl=4154097/cl=72/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v16n4/s9/p293

———. "RoMEO Studies 5: IPR Issues Facing OAI Data and Service Providers." The Electronic Library 22, no. 2 (2004): 121-138. http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001429/

———. "RoMEO Studies 6: Rights Metadata for Open Archiving." Program: Electronic Library & Information Systems 38, no. 1 (2004): 5-14. http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001431/

Garcia, Linda D. "Information Exchange: The Impact of Scholarly Communication." Educom Review 25 (Fall 1990): 28-32.

Garlick, Mia. "A Review of Creative Commons and Science Commons." EDUCAUSE Review 40, no. 5 (2005): 78-79. http://www.educause.edu/apps/er/erm05/erm05510.asp?bhcp=1

Garrett, John R., and M. Stuart Lynn. "Storerights, Access Rights, and Copyright Law: The Base of the Iceberg." Serials Review 20, no. 4 (1994): 15-16.

Gasaway, Laura N. "Changes in Copyright Ownership." Serials Review 25, no. 4 (1999): 35-38.

———. "Copyright Considerations for Electronic Reserves." In Managing Electronic Reserves, ed. Jeff Rosedale, 109-135. Chicago: American Library Association, 2002.

———. "Copyright Considerations for Fee-Based Document Delivery Services." Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery and Information Supply 10, no. 1 (1999): 75-92.

———. "Copyright in the Electronic Era." The Serials Librarian 24, no. 3/4 (1994): 153-162.

———. "Copyright, the Internet, and Other Legal Issues." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 49 (September 1998): 1003-1009.

———. "Guidelines for Distance Learning and Interlibrary Loan: Doomed and More Doomed." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1337-1341.

———. "Libraries, Educational Institutions, and Copyright Proprietors: The First Collision on the Information Highway." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 22 (September 1996): 337-344.

———. "Scholarly Publication and Copyright in Networked Electronic Publishing." Library Trends 43 (Spring 1995): 679-700.

———. "Serials 2020." The Serials Librarian 24, no. 3/4 (1994): 63-67.

———. "TASINI: Did Authors Win?" Against the Grain 14 (February 2002): 20, 22.

———. "The White Paper, Fair Use, Libraries and Educational Institutions." The Serials Librarian 31, no. 1/2 (1997): 211-220.

Geist, Michael, ed. In the Public Interest: The Future of Canadian Copyright Law. Toronto: Irwin Law, 2005.

George, Carole A. "Testing the Barriers to Digital Libraries: A Study Seeking Copyright Permission to Digitize Published Works." New Library World 106, no. 7/8 (2005): 332-342.

Ginsburg, Jane C. "What to Know before Reissuing Old Titles as E-Books." Communications of the ACM 44 (September 2001): 25-27.

Gladney, Henry M. "Digital Dilemma: Intellectual Property Synopsis and Views on the Study by the National Academies' Committee on Intellectual Property Rights and the Emerging Information Infrastructure." D-Lib Magazine 5 (December 1999). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december99/12gladney.html

Gorman, Robert A. "Intellectual Property: The Rights of Faculty as Creators and Users." Academe 84 (May-June 1998): 14-18.

Gross, Robin D. "Digital Millennium Copyright Act's Impact on Freedom of Expression, Science, and Innovation." In Advances in Librarianship, vol. 26., ed. Frederick C. Lynden. San Diego: Academic Press, 2002.

Grosso, Andrew. "The Promise and Problems of the No Electronic Theft Act." Communications of the ACM 43 (February 2000): 23-26.

Guy, Marieke, and Brian Kelly. "QA Focus Information for Digital Libraries: A Case Study of CC Implementation." INDICARE Monitor 2, no. 2 (2005). http://www.indicare.org/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=92

Halbert, Martin. "Copyright, Digital Media, and Libraries." The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 2, no. 1 (1991): 164-170. http://epress.lib.uh.edu/pr/v2/n1/halbert.2n1

Hamma, Kenneth. "Public Domain Art in an Age of Easier Mechanical Reproducibility." D-Lib Magazine 11, no. 11 (2005). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november05/hamma/11hamma.html

Hannay, William M. "Legal Implications of the Digital Future." Library Resources & Technical Services 43 (October 1999): 257-264.

Hare, Candace. "Copyfight: Creative Commons, Open Licensing, Bringing Information to the People (and Letting Them Use It)." Dalhousie Journal of Information & Management 3, no. 1 (2007). http://djim.management.dal.ca/issues/issue3_1/hare/index.htm

Harper, Georgia K. "Copyright Endurance and Change." EDUCAUSE Review 35 (December 2000): 20-26. http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/erm00/articles006/erm0061.pdf

Hatfield, Amy. "Content Analysis of Restrictive Publisher Copyright Policies for Electronic Reserves." Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery & Information Supply 11, no. 3 (2001): 81-101.

Henry, Geneva. "On-Line Publishing in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 10 (2003). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october03/henry/10henry.html

Hess, Charlotte, and Elinor Ostrom, eds. Understanding Knowledge as a Commons: From Theory to Practice. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006.

Hilton, James. "Copyright Assumptions and Challenges." EDUCAUSE Review 36 (November/December 2001): 48-55. http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0163.pdf

Hirtle, Peter B. "Author Addenda: An Examination of Five Alternatives." D-Lib Magazine 12, no. 11 (2006). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november06/hirtle/11hirtle.html

Hoorn, Esther. "Repositories, Copyright and Creative Commons for Scholarly Communication." Ariadne, no. 45 (2005). http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue45/hoorn/

Hoorn, Esther, and Maurits van der Graaf. "Copyright Issues in Open Access Research Journals: The Authors' Perspective." D-Lib Magazine 12, no. 2 (2006). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february06/vandergraaf/02vandergraaf.html

Hudson, Emily, and Andrew T Kenyon. "Without Walls: Copyright Law and Digital Collections in Australian Cultural Institutions." SCRIPT-ed 4, no. 2 (2007). http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/ahrc/script-ed/vol4-2/kenyon.asp

Hugenholtz, P. Bernt. "Copyright vs. Freedom of Scientific Communication." Learned Publishing 13 (April 2000): 77-81.

Hughes, Carol Ann. "The Case for Scholars' Management of Author Rights." portal: Libraries and the Academy 6, no. 2 (2006): 123-126.

Hyams, Peter. "Legal Deposit of Electronic Publications." Online & CDROM Review 18 (October 1994): 308-310.

Isenberg, Doug. GigaLaw Guide to Internet Law. New York: Random House, 2002.

Jacobson, Robert L. "The Furor over 'Fair Use.'" The Chronicle of Higher Education, 10 May 1996, A25, A30, A34.

———. "No Copying." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 10 March 1995, A17-A19.

Jenkins, Celia, Steve Probets, Charles Oppenheim, and Bill Hubbard. "RoMEO Studies 8: Self-Archiving: The Logic Behind the Colour-Coding Used in the Copyright Knowledge Bank." Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems 41, no. 2 (2007): 124-133.

Jensen, Mary Brandt. Does Your Project Have a Copyright Problem? A Decision-Making Guide for Librarians. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc., 1996.

———. "Making Copyright Work in Electronic Publishing Models." Serials Review 18, no. 1-2 (1992): 62-65.

Jeweler, Robin. The Google Book Search Project: Is Online Indexing a Fair Use Under Copyright Law? Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 2006. http://opencrs.com/rpts/RS22356_20051228.pdf

Johnson, Liz. "Managing Intellectual Property for Distance Learning." EDUCAUSE Quarterly 29, no. 2 (2006): 66-70. http://www.educause.edu/apps/eq/eqm06/eqm0628.asp

Joint, Nicholas. "Risk Assessment and Copyright in Digital Libraries." Library Review 55, no. 9 (2006): 545-548.

Kahin, Brian. "The Copyright Law: How It Works and New Issues in Electronic Settings." The Serials Librarian 24, no. 3/4 (1994): 163-172.

Kirtley, Jane E., Rebecca Daugherty, and Leslie Ann Reis. "World Intellectual Property Organization: Comments on the Basic Proposal for the Substantive Provisions of the Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Databases." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 23 (March 1997): 134-139.

Korn, Naomi, and Charles Oppenheim. "Creative Commons Licences in Higher and Further Education: Do We Care?" Ariadne, no. 49 (2006). http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue49/korn-oppenheim/

Koulouris, Alexandros. "Access and Reproduction Policies of University Digital Collections." Journal of Librarianship and Information Science 37, no. 1 (2005): 25-33.

Lastowka, F. Gregory. "Free Access and the Future of Copyright." Rutgers Computer & Technology Law Journal 27, no. 2 (2001): 293-331.

Law, D. G., R. L. Weedon, and M. R. Sheen. "Universities and Article Copyright." Learned Publishing 13, no. 3 (2000): 141-150. http://puck.ingentaselect.com/vl=1299019/cl=16/fm=docpdf/nw=1/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v13n3/s2/p141

Leibowitz, Wendy R. "National Research Council's Copyright Report Discusses Issues Without Settling Any." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 12 November 1999, A50.

Lessig, Lawrence. Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

———. Free Culture: How Big Media Uses Technology and the Law to Lock Down Culture and Control Creativity. New York: Penguin Press, 2004. http://www.free-culture.cc/

———. The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World. New York: Random House, 2001.

Levering, Mary. "What's Right about Fair-Use Guidelines for the Academic Community." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1313-1319.

Lichtenberg, James. "Of Steeds & Stalking Horses: Academics Meet Publishers on the Field of Copyright." Educom Review 30 (May/June 1995): 40-43. http://www.educause.edu/pub/er/review/reviewarticles/30340.html

Lipinski, Tomas A. "The Climate of Distance Education in the 21st Century: Understanding and Surviving the Changes Brought by the TEACH (Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization) Act of 2002." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 29, no. 6 (2003): 362-74.

———. "The Complete Copyright Liability Handbook for Librarians and Educators." New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, 2006.

———. "The Myth of Technological Neutrality in Copyright and the Rights of Institutional Users: Recent Legal Challenges to the Information Organization as Mediator and the Impact of the DMCA, WIPO, and TEACH." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 54, no. 9 (2003): 824-835.

Litman, Jessica. Digital Copyright. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2001.

Long, Maurice. "Authors and Their Rights." Learned Publishing 11, no. 1 (1998): 3-4. http://puck.ingentaselect.com/vl=17519920/cl=38/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v11n1/s1/p2

Long, Sarah Ann. "US Copyright Law: The Challenge of Protection in the Digital Age." New Library World 107, no. 9/10 (2006): 450-452.

Lopez, Xavier R. "New Developments in Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for Geographic Information Systems." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 23 (November 1997): 517-520.

Lowry, Charles B. "Fair Use and Digital Publishing: An Academic Librarian's Perspective." portal: Libraries and the Academy 1, no. 2 (2001): 191-196.

Lu, Kathleen. "Technological Challenges to Artists' Rights in the Age of Multimedia: The Future of Moral Rights." Reference Services Review 22, no. 1 (1994): 9-19.

Lutzker, Arnold P., "In the Curl of the Wave: What the Digital Millennium Copyright Act and Term Extension Act Mean for the Library and Education Community." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Libraries Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 203 (April 1999): 1-5.

Marley, Judith L. "Guidelines Favoring Fair Use: An Analysis of Legal Interpretations Affecting Higher Education." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 25 (September 1999): 367-371.

Maxwell, Terrence A. "Is Copyright Necessary?" First Monday 9, no. 9 (2004). http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue9_9/maxwell/index.html

———. "Parsing the Public Domain." Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 56, no. 11 (2005): 1130-1139.

McGinnis, Leah G. "Bringing Order Out of Chaos: The Challenge of Managing E-Reserves Copyright Permissions." Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery & Information Supply 11, no. 2 (2000): 39-49.

McGreal, Rory. "Stealing the Goose: Copyright and Learning." International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 5, no. 3 (2004). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/205/287

Metcalfe, Amy, Veronica Diaz, and Richard Wagoner. "Academe, Technology, Society, and the Market: Four Frames of Reference for Copyright and Fair Use." portal: Libraries and the Academy 3, no. 2 (2003): 191-206.

Miller, Brett I. "Recent Lessons from the Courts: The Changing Landscape of Copyright in a Digital Age." RLG DigiNews 4, no. 2 (2000). http://www.rlg.org/preserv/diginews/diginews4-2.html#feature

Morris, Sally. "Authors and Copyright." Learned Publishing 13, no. 2 (2000): 75-76. http://ariel.ingentaselect.com/vl=3993750/cl=42/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v13n2/s2/p75

Muir, Adrienne. "Legal Deposit and Preservation of Digital Publications: A Review of Research and Development Activity." Journal of Documentation 57 (September 2001): 652-682.

Murray, Laura J. "Protecting Ourselves to Death: Canada, Copyright, and the Internet." First Monday 9, no. 10 (2004). http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue9_10/murray/index.html

Neal, James G. "Copyright Is Dead . . . Long Live Copyright." American Libraries 33 (December 2002): 48-50.

Nollan, Richard. "Campus Intellectual Property Policy Development." Reference Services Review 32, no. 1 (2004): 31-34.

Ober, John. "Facilitating Open Access." College & Research Libraries News 67, no. 4 (2006): 219-221. http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/crlnews/backissues2006/april06/facilitatingopenaccess.htm

Ogden, Robert S. "Copyright Issues for Libraries and Librarians." Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 27, no. 4 (2003): 473-481.

Okerson, Ann. "Copyright in the Year 2010: No Longer an Issue for Scholarly Electronic Publishing." Serials Review 25, no. 4 (1999): 33-35.

———. "The Current National Copyright Debate: Its Relationship to the Work of Collections Managers." Journal of Library Administration 22, no. 4 (1996): 71-84.

———. "Whose Article Is It Anyway? Copyright and Intellectual Property Issues for Researchers in the 90s." Notices of the American Mathematical Society 43 (January 1996): 8-12. http://www.ams.org/notices/199601/okerson.pdf

———. "Whose Work Is It Anyway? Perspectives on the Stakeholders and the Stakes in the Current Copyright Scene." The Serials Librarian 28, no. 1/2 (1996): 69-87.

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See also: 5.2 Legal Issues: License Agreements, 8.1 Publisher Issues: Digital Rights Management, and Legal.