1 Economic Issues

Anglada, Lluis, and Nuria Comellas. "What's Fair? Pricing Models in the Electronic Era." Library Management 23, no. 4/5 (2002): 227-233.

Bannerman, Ian. "Pricing On-line Journals." Serials 11 (March 1998): 23-26.

Bauer, Kathleen. "Cost Analysis of a Project to Digitize Classic Articles in Neurosurgery." Journal of the Medical Library Association 90 (April 2002): 230-234. http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/picrender.fcgi?action=stream&blobtype=pdf&artid=100769

Bennett, Scott. "Just-in-Time Scholarly Monographs." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 4, no. 1 (1998). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.3336451.0004.103

Besser, Howard. "Digital Image Distribution: A Study of Costs and Uses." D-Lib Magazine 5 (October 1999). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october99/10besser.html

Bide, Mark, Charles Oppenheim, and Anne Ramsden. "Charging Mechanisms for Digitized Texts." Learned Publishing 11 (April 1998): 109-118. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/1998/00000011/00000002/art00004

Blixrud, Julia C., and Timothy D. Jewell. "Understanding Electronic Resources and Library Materials Expenditures: An Incomplete Picture." ARL: A Bimonthly Newsletter of Research Library Issues and Actions, no. 197 (1998): 12-13. http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/expend.pdf

Bonn, Maria. "Benchmarking Conversion Costs: A Report from the Making of America IV Project." RLG DigiNews 5, no. 5 (2001). http://worldcat.org/arcviewer/1/OCC/2007/08/08/0000070513/viewer/file251.html#feature2

Bonn, Maria S., Wendy P. Lougee, Jeffrey K. MacKie-Mason, and Juan F. Riveros. "A Report on the Peak Experiment: Context and Design." D-Lib Magazine 5 (June 1999). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june99/06bonn.html

Bot, Marjolein, Johan Burgemeester, and Hans Roes. "The Cost of Publishing an Electronic Journal: A General Model and a Case Study." D-Lib Magazine (November 1998). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november98/11roes.html

Bowen, William G. "JSTOR and the Economics of Scholarly Communication." Journal of Library Administration 26, no. 1/2 (1998): 27-44.

Boyce, Peter B. "Costs, Archiving and the Publishing Process in Electronic STM Journals." Against the Gain 10 (December 1998-January 1999): 24-25.

Butler, Meredith A., and Bruce R. Kingma. The Economics of Information in the Networked Environment. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 1996.

Byrd, Sam, Glenn Courson, Elizabeth Roderick, and Jean Marie Taylor. "Cost/Benefit Analysis for Digital Library Projects: The Virginia Historical Inventory Project (VHI)." The Bottom Line: Managing Library Finances 14, no. 2 (2001): 65-75.

Cavaleri, Piero, Michael Keren, Giovanni B. Ramello, and Vittorio Valli. "Publishing an E-Journal on a Shoe String: Is It a Sustainable Project?" Economic Analysis and Policy 39, no. 1 (2009): 89-101. http://www.eap-journal.com.au/download.php?file=693

Chen, Frances L., Paul Wrynn, and Judith L. Rieke. "Electronic Journal Access: How Does It Affect the Print Subscription Price?" Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 89 (October 2001): 363-371. http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/picrender.fcgi?action=stream&blobtype=pdf&artid=57965

Ching, Steve H., Maria W. Leung, Margarret Fidow, and Ken L. Huang. "Allocating Costs in the Business Operation of Library Consortium: The Case Study of Super e-Book Consortium." Library Collections, Acquisitions, and Technical Services 32, no. 2 (2008): 97-103.

Clarke, Roger. "The Cost Profiles of Alternative Approaches to Journal Publishing." First Monday 12, no. 12 (2007). http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2048/1906

Connaway, Lynn Silipigni, and Stephen R. Lawrence. "Comparing Library Resource Allocations for the Paper and the Digital Library: An Exploratory Study." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 12 (2003). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december03/connaway/12connaway.html

Cooper, Michael D. "The Costs of Providing Electronic Journal Access and Printed Copies of Journals to University Users." The Library Quarterly 76, no. 3 (2006).

Courant, Paul N. "Scholarship and Academic Libraries (and Their Kin) in the World of Google." First Monday 11, no. 8/7 (2006). http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1382

Day, Colin. "The Economics of Electronic Publishing: Some Preliminary Thoughts." In Gateways, Gatekeepers, and Roles in the Information Omniverse: Proceedings of the Third Symposium, ed. Ann Okerson and Dru Mogge, 77-84. Washington, DC: Office of Scientific and Academic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, 1994. http://eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED369407

———. "The Economics of Publishing: The Consequences of Library and Research Copying." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50 (December 1999): 1346-1349. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/34256

———. "Pricing Electronic Products." In Filling the Pipeline and Paying the Piper: Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium, ed. Ann Okerson, 51-56. Washington, DC: Office of Scientific and Academic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, 1995.

Fisher, Janet H. "Comparing Electronic Journals to Print Journals: Are There Savings?" In Technology and Scholarly Communication, ed. Richard Ekman and Richard E. Quandt, 95-101. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. http://eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED414917

———. "The True Costs of an Electronic Journal." Serials Review 21, no. 1 (1995): 88-90.

Fisher, Julian H. "Scholarly Publishing Re-invented: Real Costs and Real Freedoms." Journal of Electronic Publishing 11, no. 2 (2008). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.3336451.0011.204

Fox, Peter. "Archiving of Electronic Publications—Some Thoughts on Cost." Learned Publishing 15, no. 1 (2002): 3-5. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2002/00000015/00000001/art00001

Frey, Kelly L. "Business Models and Pricing Issues in the Digital Domain." Journal of Library Administration 24, no. 4 (1997): 27-37.

Getz, Malcolm. "Electronic Publishing: An Economic View." Serials Review 18, no. 1-2 (1992): 25-31.

———. "Evaluating Digital Strategies for Storing and Retrieving Scholarly Information." Journal of Library Administration 24, no. 4 (1997): 81-98.

Ginn, Claire. "Calculating Pricing Models Choices: Rising to the Challenge." Learned Publishing 15, no. 3 (2002): 199-203. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2002/00000015/00000003/art00007

Gorman, G. E. "Google Print and the Principle of Functionality." Online Information Review 31, no. 2 (2007): 113-115.

Greco, Albert N., Robert Francis Jones, Robert M. Wharton, and Hooman Estelami. "The Changing College and University Library Market for University Press Books and Journals: 1997-2004." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 39, no. 1 (2007).

Green, Toby. "Can the Monograph Help Solve the Library 'Serials' Funding Crisis?" Serials 15, no. 2 (2002): 135-139.

Grycz, Czeslaw Jan. "Economic Models for Networked Information." Serials Review 18, no. 1-2 (1992): 11-18.

Halliday, Leah, and Charles Oppenheim. "Comparison and Evaluation of Some Economic Models of Digital-Only Journals." Journal of Documentation 56 (November 2000): 660-673.

———. "Economic Models of Digital-Only Journals." Serials 13 (July 2000): 59-65.

Hahn, Karla. "Tiered Pricing: Implications for Library Collections." portal: Libraries and the Academy 5, no. 2 (2005): 151-163.

Hardy, Rachel, Charles Oppenheim, and Iris Rubbert. "PELICAN: A Pricing Mechanism for Electronic Distribution of Materials to the Higher Education Community." Learned Publishing 14, no. 2 (2001): 93-96. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2001/00000014/00000002/art00003

Haar, John M. "Project PEAK: Vanderbilt's Experience with Articles on Demand." The Serials Librarian 38, no. 1/2 (2000): 91-99.

Harnad, Stevan. "Electronic Scholarly Publication: Quo Vadis?" Serials Review 21, no. 1 (1995): 78-80. http://cogprints.org/1691/

Hide, Branwen. "How Much Does It Cost, and Who Pays? The Global Costs of Scholarly Communication and the UK Contribution." Serials: The Journal for the Serials Community 21, no. 3 (2008): 194-200.

Holmes, Aldyth. "Electronic Publishing in Science: Reality Check." Canadian Journal of Communication 22, no. 3/4 (1997): 105-116. http://www.cjc-online.ca/index.php/journal/article/view/1006/912

Holmstrom, Jonas. "The Cost Per Article Reading of Open Access Articles." D-Lib Magazine 10, no. 1 (2004). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january04/holmstrom/01holmstrom.html

———. "The Return on Investment of Electronic Journals—It Is a Matter of Time." D-Lib Magazine 10, no. 4 (2004). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april04/holmstrom/04holmstrom.html

Houghton, John W. "Crisis and Transition: The Economics of Scholarly Communication." Learned Publishing 14, no. 3 (2001): 167-176. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2001/00000014/00000003/art00002

Houghton, John, Bruce Rasmussen, Peter Sheehan, Charles Oppenheim, Anne Morris, Claire Creaser, Helen Greenwood, Mark Summers, and Adrian Gourlay. Economic Implications of Alternative Scholarly Publishing Models: Exploring the Costs and Benefits. London: JISC, 2009. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/rpteconomicoapublishing.pdf

Houghton, John, and Peter Sheehan. The Economic Impact of Enhanced Access to Research Findings. Melbourne: Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, 2006. CSES Working Paper No. 23. http://eprints.vu.edu.au/472/

Houghton, John, Colin Steele, and Peter Sheehan. Research Communication Costs in Australia : Emerging Opportunities and Benefits. Melbourne: Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, 2006. http://dspace.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/44485

Hunter, Karen. "The Effect of Price: Early Observations." In Technology and Scholarly Communication, ed. Richard Ekman and Richard E. Quandt, 145-157. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED414925

Kahin, Brian, and Hal R. Varian, eds. Internet Publishing and Beyond: The Economics of Digital Information and Intellectual Property. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000.

Keyhani, Andrea. "Innovations in Cost Recovery." In Filling the Pipeline and Paying the Piper: Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium, ed. Ann Okerson, 57-65. Washington, DC: Office of Scientific and Academic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, 1995.

Kiernan, Vincent. "Paying by the Article: Libraries Test a New Model for Scholarly Journals." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 14 August 1998, A21-A22.

King, Donald W. "Some Economic Aspects of the Internet." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 49 (September 1998): 990-1002.

King, Donald W., and Frances M. Alvarado-Albertorio. "Pricing and Other Means of Charging for Scholarly Journals: A Literature Review and Commentary." Learned Publishing 21, no. 4 (2008): 248-272.

King, Donald W., Peter B. Boyce, Carol Hansen Montgomery, and Carol Tenopir. "Library Economic Metrics: Examples of the Comparison of Electronic and Print Journal Collections and Collection Services." Library Trends 51, no. 3 (2003): 376-400. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/8476

King, Donald W., and Jose-Marie Griffiths. "Economic Issues Concerning Electronic Publishing and Distribution of Scholarly Articles." Library Trends 43 (Spring 1995): 713-740. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/7995

King, Donald W., and Carol Tenopir. "Evolving Journal Costs: Implications for Publishers, Libraries, and Readers." Learned Publishing 12, no. 4 (1999): 251-258. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/1999/00000012/00000004/art00003

Kingma, Bruce R. "The Costs of Print, Fiche, and Digital Access: The Early Canadiana Online Project." D-Lib Magazine 6 (February 2000). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/february00/kingma/02kingma.html

Kyrillidou, Martha. "The Impact of Electronic Publishing on Tracking Research Library Investments in Serials." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 249 (2006): 6-7. http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/arlbr249serials.pdf

Lesk, Michael. "Pricing Electronic Information." Serials Review 18, no. 1-2 (1992): 38-40.

Lustig, Harry. "Electronic Publishing: Economic Issues in a Time of Transition." Astrophysics and Space Science 247, no. 1-2 (1997): 117-132.

Lynch, Clifford A. "Scholarly Communication in the Networked Environment: Reconsidering Economics and Organizational Missions." Serials Review 20, no. 3 (1994): 23-30.

MacKie-Mason, Jeffrey K., and Alexandra L. L. Jankovich. "PEAK: Pricing Electronic Access to Knowledge." Library Acquisitions: Practice & Theory 21, no. 3 (1997): 281-295.

MacKie-Mason, Jeffrey K., Juan F. Riveros, Maria S. Bonn, and Wendy P. Lougee. "A Report on the PEAK Experiment: Usage and Economic Behavior." D-Lib Magazine 5 (July/August 1999). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july99/mackie-mason/07mackie-mason.html

Marks, Robert H. "The Economic Challenges of Publishing Electronic Journals." Serials Review 21, no. 1 (1995): 85-88.

Meadows, Jack, David Pullinger, and Peter Such. "The Cost of Implementing an Electronic Journal." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 26 (July 1995): 167-173.

Metz, Paul, and Paul M. Gherman. "Serials Pricing and the Role of the Electronic Journal." College & Research Libraries 52 (July 1991): 315-327.

Meyer, Richard W. "Monopoly Power and Electronic Journals." The Library Quarterly 67 (October 1997): 325-349.

Montgomery, Carol Hansen. "Measuring the Impact of an Electronic Journal Collection on Library Costs." D-Lib Magazine (October 2000). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october00/montgomery/10montgomery.html

———. "Print to Electronic: Measuring the Operational and Economic Implications of an Electronic Journal Collection." Learned Publishing 15, no. 1 (2002): 129-136. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2002/00000015/00000002/art00009

Montgomery, Carol Hansen, and Donald W. King. "Comparing Library and User Related Costs of Print and Electronic Journal Collections: A First Step towards a Comprehensive Analysis." D-Lib Magazine 8 (October 2002). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october02/montgomery/10montgomery.html

Morris, Sally. "The True Costs of Scholarly Journal Publishing." Learned Publishing 18, no. 2 (2005): 115-126. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2005/00000018/00000002/art00006

Moskovkin, V. M. "Open Access Hybrid Journals." Scientific and Technical Information Processing 35, no. 6 (2008): 260-262.

Nicholas, David, Paul Huntington, Tom Dobrowolski, and Ian Rowlands. "Ideas on Creating a Consumer Market for Scholarly Journals." Learned Publishing 19, no. 4 (2006): 245-249. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2006/00000019/00000004/art00002

Odlyzko, Andrew. "The Economics of Electronic Journals." First Monday 2, no. 8 (1997). http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/542

Okerson, Ann. "A Librarian's View of Some Economic Issues in Electronic Scientific Publishing." Paper presented at the UNESCO Invitational Meeting on the Future of Scientific Information, Paris, February 1996. http://www.library.yale.edu/~okerson/unesco.html

Oppenheim, Charles. "Will PELICAN Fly?" Serials 15 (July 2002): 105-109.

Orsdel, Lee C. Van, and Kathleen Born. "Serial Wars." Library Journal, 15 April 2007. http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6431958.html

Peters, Paul Evan. "Cost Centers and Measures in the Networked Information Value-Chain." Journal of Library Administration 26, no. 1/2 (1998): 203-212.

Quandt, Richard E. "Scholarly Materials: Paper or Digital?" Library Trends 51, no. 3 (2003): 349-375. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/8470

Rae, Victoria, and Fytton Rowland. "Is There a Viable Business Model for Commercial Open Access Publishing?" Serials: The Journal for the Serials Community 19, no. 3 (2006): 188-194.

Rhind-Tutt, Stephen. "What a Tangled Web We Weave: A Review of Pricing Models and the Forces That Drive Them." Against the Grain 10 (February 1998): 24, 26-28.

Robnett, Bill. "Online Journal Pricing." The Serials Librarian 33, no. 1/2 (1998): 55-69

Scholarly Communication and Technology. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 1997.

Schonfeld, Roger C., Donald W. King, Ann Okerson, and Eileen Gifford Fenton. "Library Periodicals Expenses: Comparison of Non-Subscription Costs of Print and Electronic Formats on a Life-Cycle Basis." D-Lib Magazine 10, no. 1 (2004). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january04/schonfeld/01schonfeld.html

———. The Nonsubscription Side of Periodicals: Changes in Library Operations and Costs between Print and Electronic Formats. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2004. http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub127/pub127.pdf

Schroter, Sara, Leanne Tite, and Ahmed Kassem. "Financial Support at the Time of Paper Acceptance: A Survey of Three Medical Journals." Learned Publishing 19, no. 4 (2006): 291-297. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/alpsp/lp/2006/00000019/00000004/art00008

Scigliano, Marisa. "Consortium Purchases: Case Study for a Cost-Benefit Analysis." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 28, no. 6 (2002): 393-399.

Sens, Jean-Mark. "Moving Digits in Serials Life." Library Philosophy and Practice 6, no. 1 (2003). http://www.webpages.uidaho.edu/~mbolin/sens.html

Sheehan, John Houghton and Peter. "Estimating the Potential Impacts of Open Access to Research Findings." Economic Analysis and Policy 39, no. 1 (2009): 127-142. http://www.eap-journal.com.au/download.php?file=696

Sosteric, Mike. "Electronic Journals: The Grand Information Future?" Electronic Journal of Sociology 2, no. 2 (1996). http://www.sociology.org/content/vol002.002/sosteric.html

Sosteric, Mike, Yuwei Shi, and Olivier Wenker. "Electronic First: The Upcoming Revolution in the Scholarly Communication System." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 7 (December 2001). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.3336451.0007.203

SQW Limited. Costs and Business Models in Scientific Research Publishing: A Report Commissioned by the Wellcome Trust. London: The Wellcome Trust, 2004. http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/stellent/groups/corporatesite/@policy_communications/documents/web_document/wtd003184.pdf

———. Economic Analysis of Scientific Research Publishing: A Report Commissioned by the Wellcome Trust. London: The Wellcome Trust, 2003.

Stern, David. "Pricing Models: Past, Present, and Future." The Serials Librarian 36, no. 1/2 (1999): 301-319.

———. "Pricing Models and Payment Schemes for Library Collections." ONLINE 26 (September/October 2002): 54-59.

Stoller, Michael, Robert Christopherson, and Michael Miranda. "The Economics of Professional Journal Pricing." College & Research Libraries 57 (January 1996): 9-21.

Tanner, Simon, and Marilyn Deegan. "Exploring Charging Models for Digital Cultural Heritage in Europe." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 5 (2003). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/may03/tanner/05tanner.html

———. "Pricing Electronic Journals." D-Lib Magazine (June 1996). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june96/06varian.html

Varian, Hal R., and Brian Kahin. Internet Publishing and Beyond: The Economics of Digital Information and Intellectual Property. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2000.

White, Sonya, and Claire Creaser. Trends in Scholarly Journal Prices 2000-2006. Loughborough: LISU, 2007. http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/dis/lisu/pages/publications/oup2.html

Willer, Mirna, Tanja Buzina, Karolina Holub, Jasenka Zajec, Miroslav Milinovic, and Nebojša Topolšcak. "Selective Archiving of Web Resources: A Study of Processing Costs." Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems 42, no. 4 (2008): 341-364.

Willinsky, John. "Scholarly Associations and the Economic Viability of Open Access Publishing." Journal of Digital information 4, no. 2 (2003). http://jodi.tamu.edu/Articles/v04/i02/Willinsky/

———. "The Stratified Economics of Open Access." Economic Analysis and Policy 39, no. 1 (2009): 53-70. http://www.eap-journal.com.au/download.php?file=691

See also: 7 New Publishing Models; 8.1 Publisher Issues: Digital Rights Management; and 9 Repositories, E-Prints, and OAI.