"Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities"

Katherine G. Akers et al. have published "Building Support for Research Data Management: Biographies of Eight Research Universities" in the International Journal of Digital Curation.

Here's an excerpt:

Academic research libraries are quickly developing support for research data management (RDM), including both new services and infrastructure. Here, we tell the stories of how eight different universities have developed programs of RDM support, focusing on the prominent role of the library in educating and assisting researchers with managing their data throughout the research lifecycle. Based on these stories, we construct timelines for each university depicting key steps in building support for RDM, and we discuss similarities and dissimilarities among universities in motivation to provide RDM support, collaborations among campus units, assessment of needs and services, and changes in staffing.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

"A Perspective on Archiving the Scholarly Web"

Herbert Van de Sompel and Andrew Treloar have self-archived "A Perspective on Archiving the Scholarly Web."

Here's an excerpt:

As the scholarly communication system evolves to become natively web-based and starts supporting the communication of a wide variety of objects, the manner in which its essential functions —registration, certification, awareness, archiving—are fulfilled co-evolves. This paper focuses on the nature of the archival function based on a perspective of the developing future scholarly communication infrastructure.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey

The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The goal of the survey was to better understand the landscape of web archiving activities in the U.S. by investigating the organizations involved, the history and scope of their web archiving programs, the types of web content being preserved, the tools and services being used, access and discovery services being provided and overall policies related to web archiving programs. While this survey documents the current state of U.S. web archiving initiatives, comparison with the results of the 2011-2012 survey enables an analysis of emerging trends. The report therefore describes the current state of the field, tracks the evolution of the field over the last few years, and forecasts future activities and developments.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

"Archiving the Web: A Case Study from the University of Victoria"

Corey Davis has published "Archiving the Web: A Case Study from the University of Victoria" in Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

The University of Victoria Libraries started archiving websites in 2013, and it quickly became apparent that many scholarly websites being produced by faculty, especially in the digital humanities, were going to prove very challenging to effectively capture and play back. This article will provide an overview of web archiving and explore the considerable legal and technical challenges of implementing a web archiving initiative at a research library, using the University of Victoria's implementation of Archive-it, a web archiving service from the Internet Archive, as a case study, with a special focus on capturing complex, interactive websites that scholars are creating to disseminate their research in new ways.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

DataONE Gets $15 Million NSF Grant

DataONE has received a $15 million grant from the NSF.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Founded in 2009 by the National Science Foundation (NSF), DataONE was designed to provide both the tools and infrastructure for organizing and serving up vast amounts of scientific data, in addition to building an engaged community and developing openly available educational resources.

Accomplishments from the last five years include making over 260,000 publicly available data and metadata objects accessible through the DataONE search engine and building a growing network of 22 national and international data repositories. DataONE has published more than 74 papers, reached over 2,000 individuals via direct training events and workshops and connects with over 60,000 visitors annually via the website.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Digital Preservation in the Age of Cloud and Big Data

Atos has released Digital Preservation in the Age of Cloud and Big Data .

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

After introducing the basic concepts of Long-Term Digital Preservation, we show several examples of its importance in different sectors. Then, we explore the challenges that make this technical field a complex one, and in each case, we study the emerging state of the art that will define its evolution in the near future.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Preservation Statistics: A Survey for US Libraries, FY 2013 Report

ALA has released Preservation Statistics: A Survey for US Libraries, FY 2013 Report.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

Results from the 2013 Preservation Statistics Survey are now available. The annual survey gathers data about preventive preservation activities, conservation activities, reformatting and digitization activities and digital preservation responsibilities, as well as how preservation programs are administered.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

"Scaling Up and Scaling Out: Leveraging Preservation Infrastructure and Experience to Benefit the Community"

Portico has released "Scaling Up and Scaling Out: Leveraging Preservation Infrastructure and Experience to Benefit the Community."

Here's an excerpt:

Now well into its eleventh year as a preservation archive and service, Portico's preservation infrastructure—hardware, software, and key data and metadata models and definitions—has been subject to a continual process of re-view and revision that makes it possible for us to leverage our work to benefit the broader community. Since 2012, Portico has been delivering e-journal con-tent to the British Library as part of their legally mandated deposit program, en-abling the British Library to benefit from existing preservation expertise to manage the normalization of e-journal content. In this paper we will discuss Portico's development, the scaling up of our preservation capacity, the chal-lenges and opportunities in our partnership with the British Library, and the value of leveraging and sharing existing preservation infrastructure, skills, and experience for the good of the broader community.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

Digital Collections Assessment and Outreach, SPEC Kit 341

ARL has released Digital Collections Assessment and Outreach, SPEC Kit 341.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

ARL has released Digital Collections Assessment and Outreach, SPEC Kit 341, which investigates what methods ARL member libraries use to maintain the relevancy of their locally curated digital library collections, and to continue to sustain, grow, capture return on investment, and enhance existing resources through outreach and assessment. The publication also explores current practices for integrating digital resources into the research, teaching, and learning environment.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

From Theory to Action: Good Enough Digital Preservation for Under-Resourced Cultural Heritage Institutions

POWRR has released From Theory to Action: Good Enough Digital Preservation for Under-Resourced Cultural Heritage Institutions.

Here's an excerpt:

Libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural heritage organizations collect, create, and steward a rapidly increasing volume of digital content. Both research conclusions and professionals' real-life experiences expose the inherent fragility of this content. The cultural heritage and information science communities have developed guidelines, best practices, policies, procedures, and processes that can enable an organization to achieve high levels of digital preservation. However, these protocols are often complex, leaving many practitioners attempting to address the challenge of preserving digital materials feeling overwhelmed. This is particularly true for professionals serving smaller institutions that are often operating with restricted resources like small staff sizes, a lack of specialized expertise, dated technical infrastructures, and/or limited budgets. This white paper is the result of a three year investigation, funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, of affordable, scalable digital preservation solutions that can be successfully implemented at under-resourced organizations. It reports the results of large-scale testing of several digital preservation tools and services, suggests pragmatic digital preservation options, including an incremental approach to digital preservation practices, and asserts that communities of practice are key to success.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

"The Integrity of Research Is at Risk: Capturing and Preserving Web Sites and Web Documents and the Implications for Resource Sharing"

James G. Neal has published "The Integrity of Research Is at Risk: Capturing and Preserving Web Sites and Web Documents and the Implications for Resource Sharing" in IFLA WLIC 2014—Lyon.

Here's an excerpt:

Born digital materials, for example websites and web documents, present particular challenges to academic and community libraries and their collection development, discovery and access, preservation, and resource sharing programs. This paper will explore the policy, workflow, legal, governance, financial, and service framework for capturing and preserving web content in the context of expanding collaborative collection development agreements among libraries. The paper will describe the program at the Columbia University Libraries in the area of Web Resources Archiving Collaboration. Columbia has sought to situate its program within the broader mission of its Libraries, collecting content deemed important for current and future research, preserving the content for future scholars, but also providing access in novel ways to foster current use in teaching and research.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

"Dealing with Data: Science Librarians’ Participation in Data Management at Association of Research Libraries Institutions"

Karen Antell et al. have published "Dealing with Data: Science Librarians' Participation in Data Management at Association of Research Libraries Institutions" in College & Research Libraries.

Here's an excerpt:

This study, a survey of science librarians at institutions affiliated with the Association of Research Libraries, investigates science librarians' awareness of and involvement in institutional repositories, data repositories, and data management support services at their institutions. The study also explores the roles and responsibilities, both new and traditional, that science librarians have assumed related to data management, and the skills that science librarians believe are necessary to meet the demands of data management work.

Digital Scholarship | Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

"Research Data Management Case Studies"

LIBER's Steering Committee on Scholarly Communication and Research Infrastructures has released "Research Data Management Case Studies."

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

These studies describe policies and strategies that pave the way for the creation, institutional integration and the running of support services and underlying infrastructures. In addition, challenges and lessons learned are described, and ways-forward outlined.

Digital Scholarship | Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights

The European Commission has released Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights.

Here's an excerpt from the summary:

The first part of the study is the report by Charles River Associates "Assessing the economic impacts of adapting certain limitations and exceptions to copyright and related rights in the EU" (Langus et al., 2013, henceforth "CRA Methodology Report"), which establishes a methodology to assess exceptions and limitations to copyright. . . .

In turn, the present report uses the aforementioned methodology to assess the economic impacts of specific policy options in several topics of interest, in view of providing policy guidance on these topics. This report focuses on the following topics:

  • Digital preservation by cultural heritage and educational institutions;
  • The provision of remote access by cultural heritage and educational institutions to their collections for the benefit of their patrons;
  • E-lending by publicly accessible libraries;
  • Text and data mining for the purpose of scientific research;
  • Reproductions made by natural persons for private uses.

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Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications 2014-2015

The Library of Congress has released the Library of Congress Recommended Format Specifications 2014-2015.

Here's an excerpt:

The creation and publication of these recommended format specifications is not intended to serve as an answer to all the questions raised in preserving and providing long-term access to creative content. They do not provide instructions for receiving this material into repositories, managing that content or undertaking the many ongoing tasks which will be necessary to maintain this content so that it may be used well into the future. Tackling each of those aspects is a project in and of itself as each form of content has a unique set of facets and nuances. These specifications provide guidance on identifying sets of formats which are not drawn so narrowly as to discourage creators from working within them, but will instead encourage creators to use them to produce works in formats which will make preserving them and making them accessible simpler. Following these specifications helps make it realistic to build, grow and save creative output for our individual and collective benefit for generations to come.

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Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

Digital Scholarship has released version 4 of the Research Data Curation Bibliography. This selective bibliography includes over 320 English-language articles and technical reports that are useful in understanding the curation of digital research data in academic and other research institutions.

The "digital curation" concept is still evolving. In "Digital Curation and Trusted Repositories: Steps toward Success," Christopher A. Lee and Helen R. Tibbo define digital curation as follows:

Digital curation involves selection and appraisal by creators and archivists; evolving provision of intellectual access; redundant storage; data transformations; and, for some materials, a commitment to long-term preservation. Digital curation is stewardship that provides for the reproducibility and re-use of authentic digital data and other digital assets. Development of trustworthy and durable digital repositories; principles of sound metadata creation and capture; use of open standards for file formats and data encoding; and the promotion of information management literacy are all essential to the longevity of digital resources and the success of curation efforts.

Most sources have been published from January 2009 through June 2014; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included.

The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

For broader coverage of the digital curation literature, see the author's Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works,which presents over 650 English-language articles, books, and technical reports, and the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement, which presents over 130 additional sources.

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Guidance on Cloud Storage and Digital Preservation: How Cloud Storage Can Address the Needs of Public Archives in the UK

The National Archives (UK) has released Guidance on Cloud Storage and Digital Preservation: How Cloud Storage Can Address the Needs of Public Archives in the UK.

Here's an excerpt:

This Guidance is focussed on the cloud and its potential role in archival storage. It aims to help public archives in the UK develop an understanding of cloud storage and its potential contribution to their digital preservation activities, and to provide a balanced overview allowing archives to understand potential benefits and risks involved and the range of options available (including not using cloud if it does not meet your requirements).

Whilst primarily targeted at public archives, the aim is to provide information that will be useful within a range of organisational contexts, and overarching advice that can be translated into the private sector where relevant.

See also the case studies.

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2014 NDSA Innovation Award Winners

The National Digital Stewardship Alliance Innovation Working Group has announced the 2014 NDSA Innovation Award winners.

Here's an excerpt:

Institution: National Software Reference Library, National Institute for Standards and Technology: Recognized for their substantial leadership in building a national collection of software, developing and sharing workflows and approaches for software preservation, and for modeling approaches to corpus analysis of born digital collections. You can learn more about the NSRL in this interview.

Project: XFR STN, The New Museum. "XFR STN" (Transfer Station) acts as "an open-door artist-centered media archiving project." The project is recognized in particular for how it stands as a model for community-driven digital preservation activity, utilized existing platforms like the Internet Archive for long term preservation, and worked directly with artist and media creators to preserve their work.

Individual: Trevor Muñoz, Assistant Dean for Digital Humanities Research at the University of Maryland Libraries and an Associate Director of the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities. Recognized for his work developing and teaching best practices in data curation in the digital humanities and for his work advocating for digital preservation as a core function of librarianship, archival work, and scholarship.

Future Steward: Emily Reynolds, National Digital Stewardship Resident, The World Bank. Recognized for the quality of her work in a range of internships and student positions with ICPSR, University of Michigan Libraries, the Library of Congress, Brooklyn Historical Society, Storycorps, and, in particular, her recent work on the World Bank"™s eArchives project.

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Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems

The Educopia Institute has released Comparative Analysis of Distributed Digital Preservation (DDP) Systems.

Here's an excerpt:

The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)-funded Chronicles in Preservation project (http://metaarchive.org/neh/) completed this Comparative Analysis of three Distributed Digital Preservation systems to analyze their underlying technologies and methodologies:

  • Chronopolis using iRODS (http://chronopolis.sdsc.edu/).
  • University of North Texas using Coda (http://www.library.unt.edu/).
  • MetaArchive Cooperative using LOCKSS (http://metaarchive.org/).

Chronicles in Preservation is a three-year effort to study, document, and model techniques for the preservation of digital newspaper collections. This Comparative Analysis is based on a series of test exchanges between academic libraries curating digital newspaper collections and the three above- mentioned DDP systems.

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Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content

OCLC Research has released Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

Preservation Health Check: Monitoring Threats to Digital Repository Content presents the preliminary findings of Phase 1 of our Preservation Health Check investigation of preservation monitoring and suggests that there is an opportunity to use PREMIS preservation metadata as an evidence base to support a threat assessment exercise based on the Simple Property-Oriented Threat (SPOT) model.

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Born-Digital U.S. Federal Government Information: Preservation And Access

The Center for Research Libraries has released Born-Digital U.S. Federal Government Information: Preservation And Access.

Here's an excerpt:

But the migration of government information from print to digital has introduced new problems into the challenge of preserving government information. Very little government information is being deposited in FDLP libraries. In 2013 the Government Printing Office (GPO) estimated that 97% of federal government information was born-digital and current GPO policy limits FDLP deposit of digital information to so-called "tangible" objects such as CD-ROMs and DVDs (GPO 2006), which create their own preservation problems (Gano). While libraries played an essential role in preservation of government information in the print era, most born-digital government information is not held, managed, organized, served, or preserved by libraries.

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Current State of 3D Object Digital Preservation and Gap-Analysis Report

DURAARK has released the Current State of 3D Object Digital Preservation and Gap-Analysis Report.

Here's an excerpt:

The gap analysis is approached through an in-depth analysis of two areas. One area is that of fundamental digital preservation tools and processes regardless of their content type. It describes processes and standards adapted by the global digital preservation community and implemented in archives of varying domains, e.g., archives dealing predominantly with e-publications as well as AV-archives. The second area is that of current existing processes for the digital preservation of 3D objects. It describes aspects and challenges which are uniquely tied to the long-term archiving process of this content-type and lists existing tools and standards. The gaps are identified through a comparison of the content type agnostic and the 3D-specific state of the art descriptions.

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Exemplar Good Governance Structures and Data Policies

APARSEN has released Exemplar Good Governance Structures and Data Policies.

Here's an excerpt:

This report summarises the level of preparedness for interoperable governance and data policies based on both desktop research on selected data policies and online survey conducted during this study. It is important to understand what current data policies address and if they miss out on important topics, such as specific requirements for data preservation. This will give an indication on the possible impact of such data policies on the individual communities and allows recommendations to be drawn up to guide forthcoming policies. This report concludes with selected recommendations that should be taken into account when drawing up data policies concerning digital preservation.

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Report on DRM Preservation

APARSEN has released the Report on DRM Preservation.

Here's an excerpt:

This report places the subject of Digital Rights and Access Management (DRM) within the context of long-term digital preservation and examines the related risks and challenges which arise in connection with the long-term archiving and ongoing accessibility of DRM-protected objects, and also the safeguarding of associated rights. It reviews the results of initiatives and projects already undertaken in this field and provides the results of a recent survey. It also analyses current user scenarios both within and outside the APARSEN consortium before offering a summary of recommendations and best practices for dealing with digital rights and DRM protected objects.

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"Digital Preservation File Format Policies of ARL Member Libraries: An Analysis"

Kyle Rimkus et al. have published "Digital Preservation File Format Policies of ARL Member Libraries: An Analysis" in D-Lib Magazine.

Here's an excerpt:

In the interest of gaining a broad view of contemporary digital preservation practice in North American research libraries, this paper presents the findings of a study of file format policies at Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member institutions. It is intended to present the digital preservation community with an assessment of the level of trust currently placed in common file formats in digital library collections and institutional repositories. Beginning with a summary of file format research to date, the authors describe the research methodology they used to collect and analyze data from the file format policies of ARL Library repositories and digital library services. The paper concludes with a presentation and analysis of findings that explore levels of confidence placed in image, text, audio, video, tabular data, software application, presentation, geospatial, and computer program file formats. The data show that file format policies have evolved little beyond the document and image digitization standards of traditional library reformatting programs, and that current approaches to file format policymaking must evolve to meet the challenges of research libraries' expanding digital repository services.

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