Archive for the 'Digital Curation & Digital Preservation' Category

"Workflow Tools for Digital Curation"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on April 18th, 2013

Andrew James Weidner and Daniel Gelaw Alemneh have published "Workflow Tools for Digital Curation" in the latest issue of the Code4Lib Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

Maintaining usable and sustainable digital collections requires a complex set of actions that address the many challenges at various stages of the digital object lifecycle. Digital curation activities enhance access and retrieval, maintain quality, add value, and facilitate use and re-use over time. Digital resource lifecycle management is becoming an increasingly important topic as digital curators actively explore software tools that perform metadata curation and file management tasks. Accordingly, the University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries develop tools and workflows that streamline production and quality assurance activities. This article demonstrates two open source software tools, AutoHotkey and Selenium IDE, which the UNT Digital Libraries Division has adopted for use during the pre-ingest and post-ingest stages of the digital resource lifecycle.

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Video of Herbert Van de Sompel’s "From the Version of Record to a Version of the Record" Speech

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 17th, 2013

CNI has released a video of Herbert Van de Sompel's plenary session "From the Version of Record to a Version of the Record" at the CNI Spring 2013 Membership Meeting.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The atomic and static PDF files of the early ejournals days are rapidly being replaced by bundles of dynamic and interdependent resources that are distributed across the Web. These changes present technical challenges regarding information interoperability and long-term preservation, but they also yield broader challenges related to stewardship, access, the delineation of the scholarly record, and the very notion of the version of record. In the same time frame, both the Web and our understanding of its architecture have evolved, which has motivated recent information interoperability efforts—OAI Object Reuse and Exchange, Memento, and ResourceSync—to look at technical challenges from a Web-centric, instead of a repository-centric, perspective, possibly marking a trend to fully embrace the Web as infrastructure for scholarly communication.

Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Sitemap

"What Copyright Owes the Future"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Public Domain on April 16th, 2013

R. Anthony Reese has self-archived "What Copyright Owes the Future" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

This Lecture explores the subject of preserving copyrighted works for the future in four steps. First, I look at why preserving creative works is important and valuable. Next, I examine the ways in which copyright law has traditionally encouraged—or not encouraged—the preservation of copyrighted works. Third, I explore how digital technology and computer networks, such as the Internet, pose new challenges for preserving creative works. And finally, I consider briefly how we might rethink and revise copyright law to respond to the challenges of preserving works of authorship for future audiences.

Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Sitemap

"Academic Librarians and Research Data Services: Preparation and Attitudes"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on April 15th, 2013

Carol Tenopir, Robert J. Sandusky, Suzie Allard, and Ben Birch have published "Academic Librarians and Research Data Services: Preparation and Attitudes" in the latest issue of IFLA Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

Research funding bodies recognize the importance of infrastructure and services to organize and preserve research data, and academic research libraries have been identified as locations in which to base these research data services (RDS). Research data services include data management planning, digital curation (selection, preservation, maintenance, and archiving), and metadata creation and conversion. We report the results of an empirical investigation into the RDS practices of librarians in US and Canadian academic research libraries, establishing a baseline of the engagement of librarians at this early stage of widespread service development. Specifically, this paper examines the opinions of the surveyed librarians regarding their preparedness to provide RDS (background, skills, and education), their attitudes regarding the importance of RDS for their libraries and institutions, and the factors that contribute to or inhibit librarian engagement in RDS.

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"Drowning in Research Data: Addressing Data Management Literacy of Graduate Students"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 11th, 2013

ACRL has released "Drowning in Research Data: Addressing Data Management Literacy of Graduate Students" as part of the ACRL 2013 Proceedings..

Here's an excerpt:

In this paper we will discuss findings from our research study of social sciences and science graduate students' levels of research data management literacy, which include attitudes and behaviours, and formal and informal education experiences. Using an online survey of Canadian graduate students in the social sciences and science, we were able to reach a large number of students across the country and to gather sufficient responses to allow us to offer some insights on the overall graduate student research data management landscape.

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"Evaluating PREMIS in an Academic Research Library"

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Metadata on April 11th, 2013

ACRL has released "Evaluating PREMIS in an Academic Research Library" as part of the ACRL 2013 Proceedings.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper provides a survey of the collections at the UVa Library, a review of the PREMIS metadata standard, and an overview of the task force's findings related to evaluation of the standard and recommendations for PREMIS implementation at the UVa Library. The authors hope that by providing this example of one library's attempt to adopt PREMIS, other libraries can plan their own evaluation and implementation.

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"Dealing with Data: Science Librarians’ Participation in Data Management at Association of Research Libraries Institutions"

Posted in ARL Libraries, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on April 9th, 2013

College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "Dealing with Data: Science Librarians' Participation in Data Management at Association of Research Libraries Institutions"

Here's an excerpt:

This study, a survey of science librarians at institutions affiliated with the Association of Research Libraries, investigates science librarians' awareness of and involvement in institutional repositories, data repositories, and data management support services at their institutions. The study also explores the roles and responsibilities, both new and traditional, that science librarians have assumed related to data management, and the skills that science librarians believe are necessary to meet the demands of data management work. The results reveal themes of both uncertainty and optimism—uncertainty about the roles of librarians, libraries, and other campus entities; uncertainty about the skills that will be required; but also optimism about applying "traditional" librarian skills to this emerging field of academic librarianship.

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How to Develop Research Data Management Services—A Guide for HEIs

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 2nd, 2013

The Digital Curation Centre has released How to Develop Research Data Management Services—A Guide for HEIs.

Here's an excerpt:

The purpose of this guide is to help institutions understand the key aims and issues associated with planning and implementing research data management (RDM) services. It explains the components and processes of RDM services and describes the roles and responsibilities of those who will deliver and use them.

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Is the Future of Preservation Cloudy? (Dagstuhl Seminar 12472)

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on April 1st, 2013

Weitere Beteiligte, Erik Elmroth, Michael Factor, Ethan Miller, and Margo Seltzer have self-archived Is the Future of Preservation Cloudy? (Dagstuhl Seminar 12472) in DROPS.

Here's an excerpt:

This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 12472 "Is the Future of Preservation Cloudy?". Our seminar was composed of a series of panels structured as a series of brief presentations followed by an open discussion. The seminar started with a session introducing key concepts and definitions and illuminating the vast array of perspectives from which attendees were addressing issues of cloud and preservation. We them proceeded into a discussion of requirements from different types of communities and a subsequent discussion on how to protect the data and ensure its integrity and reliability. We next considered issues related to cloud infrastructure, in particular related to management of the bits and logical obsolescence. We also considered the economics of preservation and the ability to reuse knowledge. In addition to these pre-planned panels, we had three breakout sessions that were identified by the participants: automated appraisal, design for forgetting, and PaaS/SaaS for data preservation. After the executive summary, we present summaries of the panels and reports on the breakout sessions, followed by brief abstracts from a majority of the seminar participants describing the material they presented in the panels.

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"Fair Use & Mass Digitization: The Future of Copy-Dependent Technologies after Authors Guild v. Hathitrust"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digitization, Mass Digitizaton on April 1st, 2013

Angel Siegfried Diaz has self-archived "Fair Use & Mass Digitization: The Future of Copy-Dependent Technologies after Authors Guild v. Hathitrust" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt from:

This note discusses the future of digital libraries and other products reliant on mass digitization in the wake of the Hathitrust decision. First, this note presents an overview of U.S. copyright protection and the ways in which its goal of incentivizing authors has consistently been balanced by efforts to protect preservation, access, and fair use. . . .

Second, this note discusses the trial court opinion in Authors Guild v. Hathitrust and the court's fair use finding regarding the full-text search index and copies for the print disabled. . . .

Third, this note discusses the Hathitrust decision's effect on the future of the Google Books case and argues that the fair use ruling paves the road for a similar finding while also giving Google leverage in its ongoing settlement negotiations. . . .

Fourth, after exploring the judicial efforts to protect useful technologies as a matter of public policy, this note explores legislative solutions that would better advance copyright's goals of promoting education, research, preservation, and access.

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Perspectives on Personal Digital Archiving

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 27th, 2013

The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program has released Perspectives on Personal Digital Archiving

Here's an excerpt:

Our digital preservation blog, The Signal, is a major outlet for addressing personal digital archiving. Over the last two years, the blog has featured three categories of stories on the topic:

  • Discussions about applying the guidance listed in the Preserving Your Digital Memories section of our website.
  • Narratives about real-world encounters with personal digital preservation issues.
  • Descriptions of the outreach we have undertaken to connect with institutions and individuals to promote personal digital archiving.

We have gathered the most useful posts in each of these categories into this electronic publication. Perspectives on Personal Digital Archiving is intended as resource for individuals—and the institutions that serve them—to meet a critical challenge. Our aim is for it to be a primer for the digital archive novice, as well as a refresher for those with more experience.

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Report on Research Libraries Readiness for Sustainable Digital Preservation

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on March 26th, 2013

APARSEN has released the Business Preparedness Report.

Here's an excerpt:

This report presents the results of a European-wide online survey for assessing the preparedness of research libraries (as represented by the members of LIBER) in regard to economically-sustainable digital preservation. The survey investigated the preparedness in accordance to the recommendations of the Blue Ribbon Task Force and the results have been mapped to these recommendations to identify Implementation Gaps. The further analyses of these Gaps will allow key stakeholders to intervene in a prioritized way and to facilitate progress of digital preservation to become an economically sustainable practice.

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Report on Cost Parameters for Digital Repositories

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Reports and White Papers on March 26th, 2013

APARSEN has released the Report on Cost Parameters for Digital Repositories.

Here's an excerpt:

The purpose of this report is to present our analysis of published cost models. A review of cost parameters for the selected models focused on how cost parameters mapped to the International Standard for Trusted Repositories (ISO 16363) which enabled us to assess the areas of; Organisational Infrastructure, Digital Object Management and Infrastructure and Security Risk Management. The purpose was to assess whether cost models were measuring, through their parameters, the relevant activities for a trusted digital repository.

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Report on Digital Preservation and Cloud Services

Posted in Cloud Computing/SaaS, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on March 25th, 2013

The Minnesota Historical Society has released the Report on Digital Preservation and Cloud Services.

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What EDINA Does: A Community Report

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories on March 22nd, 2013

EDINA has released What EDINA Does: A Community Report.

Here's an excerpt:

Universities and colleges across the UK making use of our services enjoy high quality online support documentation and helpful case studies. Flagship services include JISC MediaHub, Digimap Collections, and SUNCAT (with respective focus on multimedia, geo-spatial data and mapping for teaching and research, and the scholarly statement made in journals). . . .

What follows in this booklet also acts as a showcase for our current project activities; the key investments for present and future services. These include innovation to support use on the 'mobile Internet', both mobility and multi-platform delivery and interaction, as part of the national and international development of the 'spatial data infrastructure', including leadership in the citizen observatory (COBWEB) project funded by the EU. There is also significant contribution to the wider definition of digital infrastructure, geared to ensure ease and continuity of access, both for discovery and for stewardship (preservation) of the digital resources that research and education require, such as The Keepers Registry (for e-journals) and now the UK RepositoryNet+ initiative and its service components to assist universities and research institutes with the Open Access agenda and research reporting. More about the product of our research and development project activity is found in the project archive pages of our website.

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Current News: DigitalCurationNews Twitter Updates for 3/21/13

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Curation News on March 21st, 2013

| Digital Scholarship |

Digital Curation Bibliography, 2012 Supplement

Posted in Bibliographies, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on March 18th, 2013

Digital Scholarship has released the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement, which presents over 130 English-language articles, books, and technical reports published in 2012 that are useful in understanding digital curation and preservation. This selective bibliography covers digital curation and preservation copyright issues, digital formats (e.g., media, e-journals, and research data), metadata, models and policies, national and international efforts, projects and institutional implementations, research studies, services, strategies, and digital repository concerns.

It is a supplement to the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, which covers over 650 works published from 2000 through 2011.

The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, italicized links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

The bibliography is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.

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Appraising our Digital Investment: Sustainability of Digitized Special Collections in ARL Libraries

Posted in ARL Libraries, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries, Digitization, Reports and White Papers on February 22nd, 2013

ARL and Ithaka S+R have released Appraising our Digital Investment: Sustainability of Digitized Special Collections in ARL Libraries .

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The research reveals that understanding the continuing costs for sustaining digital collections is a challenge across libraries. Responsibility is frequently dispersed among departments, and staff time and other costs are rarely allocated expressly to these activities or accounted for project-by-project. Almost universally, libraries are funding this activity out of their base budgets, suggesting that they will continue to need to shift funds from other things in order to support this as a priority.

While libraries are supporting these collections within their operations, the study's findings also reflect concern over sustainability, with librarians citing lack of funding and staff capacity as major challenges to sufficient investment in their digital collections. . . .

The three-part survey, designed with input from the ARL community, was sent to all ARL member libraries in the US and Canada and completed by 89 library directors, a response rate of 70%. In addition to the institutional perspective provided by library directors, library staff responded to other sections to offer insight into activities and costs for all of their institution's digitized collections, and questions about individual projects.

| Digital Scholarship's Digital/Print Books | Digital Scholarship |

The Preservation of Complex Objects: Volume 2, Software Art

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on February 22nd, 2013

Preservation of Complex Objects Symposia (POCOS) has released The Preservation of Complex Objects: Volume 2, Software Art.

Here's an excerpt from:

This volume considers the preservation of software art. At first inspection, preservation of software art may seem like an esoteric concern for ephemeral objects. But, as with all of POCOS, it challenges many of our expectations about collection management and preservation. There are complex technical challenges about the interdependencies of software, operating systems, hardware and users. It introduces the inter-subjectivity of meaning and the contexts of performance which defy simplistic approaches to documentation and representation. It crosses the boundaries of institutional genre and raises disconcerting questions about policy and competence. So there is a real sense that software art is a topic for the avant-garde of digital preservation: it pushes the boundaries not for its own sake but in order that all can progress,

| Digital Curation Resource Guide (XHTML website; over 200 resources) | Digital Scholarship |

Removable Media and the use of Digital Forensics

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Reports and White Papers on February 20th, 2013

Miriely Guerrero has self-archived Removable Media and the use of Digital Forensics in Deep Blue.

Here's an excerpt:

Overview of preservation threats facing removable media, both magnetic (such as 3.5 and 5.25 floppy disks) and optical (CD-ROMs, DVDs, etc.). Includes a literature review of digital forensic techniques relevant to the ingest and accession of born-digital content on removable media.

| Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works (EPUB file, PDF file, paperback, and XHTML website; over 650 entries) | Digital Scholarship |

The Library of Congress National Recording Preservation Plan

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on February 14th, 2013

The Library of Congress has released the The Library of Congress National Recording Preservation Plan.

Here's an excerpt:

In the digital age, new technology offers great promise for preservation initiatives. Transitioning to digital audio preservation, however, has created significant technical, organizational, and funding challenges for those institutions responsible for preserving recorded sound history for future generations.

The National Recording Preservation Plan has been devised to provide a blueprint to “implement a comprehensive national sound recording preservation program,†as mandated in the National Recording Preservation Act of 2000. . . .

The National Recording Preservation Plan’s recommendations for implementing a coordinated preservation effort fall into four interrelated categories: preservation infrastructure, preservation strategies, access challenges, and long-term national strategies for preservation and access.

| Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works (EPUB file, PDF file, paperback, and XHTML website; over 650 entries) | Digital Scholarship |

National Digital Stewardship Alliance Glossary

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on February 12th, 2013

The National Digital Stewardship Alliance has released the National Digital Stewardship Alliance Glossary.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Glossaries are important. . . .

With that in mind, today we're announcing the release of a National Digital Stewardship Alliance glossary to support the work being done in the NDSA on the Levels of Preservation. The Levels of Preservation activity is working to provide basic digital preservation guidance on how an organization should prioritize its resource allocation. The NDSA glossary strives to provide a common language for NDSA members to communicate about the levels work and should also be useful as a general digital stewardship glossary.

| Digital Curation Resource Guide (XHTML website; over 200 resources) | Digital Scholarship |

NEH 2013 Preservation and Access Research and Development Grant Guidelines

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Grants on February 8th, 2013

The National Endowment for the Humanities has released its 2013 Preservation and Access Research and Development grant guidelines.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The 2013 guidelines for Preservation and Access Research and Development grants are now available. You will also find sample project descriptions, sample narratives, and a list of frequently asked questions. The deadline for applications is May 1, 2013.

These grants support projects that address major challenges in preserving or providing access to humanities collections and resources. Challenges include the need to find better ways to preserve materials of critical importance to the nation's cultural heritage—from fragile artifacts and manuscripts to analog recordings and digital assets subject to technological obsolescence—and to develop advanced modes of searching, discovering, and using such materials.

| Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works (EPUB file, PDF file, paperback, and XHTML website; over 650 entries) | Digital Scholarship |

Model Language for Research Data Management Policies

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on February 7th, 2013

The Association of Southeastern Research Libraries and the Southeastern Universities Research Association have released Model Language for Research Data Management Policies.

Here's an excerpt from the press release:

The Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL) and the Southeast Universities Research Association (SURA) have endorsed language to assist their member institutions in drafting sound policies to govern the uses and management of research data generated by university faculty and staff. . . .

Over the past few years, many major research funding agencies have started requiring a comprehensive data management plan as part of all new funding proposals. Additionally, researchers are seeking to re-use existing data sets to determine the replicability of results and reduce duplication of effort. The ASERL-SURA model draws upon the work of a variety of sources, including the University of Cambridge, Monash University, the Council on Government Relations, the National Science Board, and the National Science Foundation.

| Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 2 (XHTML website; over 200 entries) | Digital Scholarship |

The Web as Infrastructure For Scholarly Research and Communication (Video)

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Libraries on January 24th, 2013

The Digital Curation Centre has released The Web as Infrastructure For Scholarly Research and Communication, a video of a keynote presentation by Herbert Van de Sompel at the 8th International Digital Curation Conference. His presentation slides are also available.

| Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 2 | Digital Scholarship |


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