1 General Works

1.1 Overviews

Association of College and Research Libraries, Association of Research Libraries, SPARC, and SPARC Europe. Open Access, 2004. http://www.createchange.org/resources/OpenAccess.pdf

Awre, Chris. "Open Access and the Impact on Publishing and Purchasing." Serials 16, no. 2 (2003): 205-208.

Buckholtz, Alison, Raf Dekeyser, Melissa Hagemann, Thomas Krichel, and Herbert Van de Sompel. "Open Access: Restoring Scientific Communication to Its Rightful Owners." European Science Foundation Policy Briefing, no. 21 (2003): 1-8. http://www.esf.org/publication/157/ESPB21.pdf

Dickson, David. "The Promises and Perils of a Technological Revolution." SciDev.Net, March 2004. http://www.scidev.net/quickguides/index.cfm?fuseaction=dossierfulltext&qguideid=4

Doyle, Helen, Andy Gass, and Debra Lappin. "A Changing Landscape." PLoS Biology 1, no. 3 (2003): 301. http://www.plosbiology.org/archive/1545-7885/1/3/pdf/10.1371_journal.pbio.0000089-L.pdf

Eisen, Michael. "The Open Access Movement in Scholarly Communication." In Emerging Visions for Access in the Twenty-First Century Library: Conference Proceedings, Documentation Abstracts, Inc. Institute for Information Science, April 21-22, 2003, 56-65. Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2003. http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub119/pub119.pdf

Falk, Howard. "The Revolt against Journal Publishers." The Electronic Library 22, no. 2 (2004): 184-187.

Franklin, Jack. "Open Access to Scientific and Technical Information: The State of the Art." Information Services & Use 23, no. 2/3 (2003): 67-86.

———. "Report on the Development of OA and the Implications." In Open Access to Scientific and Technical Information: State of the Art and Future Trends, Paris, 23-24 January 2003, Carré des Sciences, Ministère de la Recherche. Nancy, France: INIST-CNRS, 2003. http://webcast.in2p3.fr/openaccess/franklin.ram

Friend, Frederick J. "How Can There Be Open Access to Journal Articles?" Serials 17, no. 1 (2004): 37-40.

Guterman, Lila. "2 Routes to Open Access: Archives and Institutional Subscriptions." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 30 January 2004, A11.

———. "The Promise and Peril of 'Open Access.'" The Chronicle of Higher Education, 30 January 2004, A10-A12, A14. http://chronicle.com/free/v50/i21/21a01001.htm

Johnson, Richard K. "Open Access: Unlocking the Value of Scientific Research." (2004). http://www.arl.org/sparc/resources/OpenAccess_RKJ_preprint.pdf

Kutz, Myer. "The Scholars Rebellion against Scholarly Publishing Practices: Varmus, Vitek, and Venting." Searcher 10, no. 1 (2002): 28-43. http://www.infotoday.com/searcher/jan02/kutz.htm

McKiernan, Gerry. "Open Access and Retrieval: Liberating the Scholarly Literature." In E-Serials Collection Management: Transitions, Trends, and Technicalities, edited by David C. Fowler, 197-220. New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004. http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gerrymck/Open.pdf

———. "Scholar-Based Initiatives in Publishing." Science & Technology Libraries 22, no. 3/4 (2002): 181-191. http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gerrymck/SBI.pdf

———. "Scholar-Based Innovations in Publishing. Part I: Individual and Institutional Initiatives." Library Hi Tech News 20, no. 2 (2003): 19-26. http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gerrymck/ScholarBased-I.pdf

———. "Scholar-Based Innovations in Publishing. Part II: Library and Professional Initiatives." Library Hi Tech News 20, no. 3 (2003): 19-27. http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gerrymck/ScholarBased-II.pdf

———. "Scholar-Based Innovations in Publishing. Part III: Organizational and National Initiatives." Library Hi Tech News 20, no. 5 (2003): 15-23. http://www.public.iastate.edu/~gerrymck/ScholarBased-III.pdf

Morrison, James L., and Peter Suber. "The Free Online Scholarship Movement: An Interview with Peter Suber." The Technology Source (September/October 2002). http://ts.mivu.org/default.asp?show=article&id=1025

Peek, Robin. "Open Access Expands Its Reach." Information Today 21, no. 1 (2004): 17-18. http://www.infotoday.com/IT/jan04/peek.shtml

Prosser, David. "Two Roads, One Destination: The Interaction of Self Archiving and Open Access Journals." In CERN Workshop Series on Innovations in Scholarly Communication: Implementing the Benefits of OAI (OAI3), 12-14th February 2004 at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2004. http://agenda.cern.ch/askArchive.php?base=agenda&categ=a035925&id=a035925s5t11/video

———. "The View from Europe: Creating International Change." College & Research Libraries News 65, no. 5 (2004): 265-268. http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/crlnews/backissues2004/may04/viewEurope.htm

Prosser, David C. "The Next Information Revolution—How Open Access Repositories and Journals Will Transform Scholarly Communications." LIBER Quarterly 14, no. 1 (2004). http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001181/

———. "Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century—The Impact of New Technologies and Models." Serials 16, no. 2 (2003): 163-167. http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00001180/

Ramachandran, R. "The 'Free Access' Debate." Frontline 21, no. 2 (2004). http://www.frontlineonnet.com/fl2102/stories/20040130000807900.htm

Suber, Peter. "Free Online Scholarship." The Infography (2003). http://www.infography.com/content/183752385053.html

———. "Guide to the Open Access Movement." http://www.earlham.edu/%7Epeters/fos/guide.htm

———. "How Should We Define 'Open Access'?" SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 64 (2003). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-04-03.htm

———. "Lists Related to the Open Access Movement." http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/lists.htm

———. "Major OA Developments in July 2004." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 76 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-02-04.htm#major

———. "Open Access Builds Momentum." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 232 (2004): 1-3. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/232/openaccess.html

———. "Open Access in 2003." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 69 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/01-02-04.htm#2003

———. "Open Access Overview: Focusing on Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research Articles and Their Preprints." http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm

———. "Open Access to Science and Scholarship." InfoPaper, 11 November 2003. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/wsis.htm

———. "Open Access to the Scientific Journal Literature." Journal of Biology 1, no. 1 (2002): 3. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/jbiol.htm

———. "A Primer on Open Access to Science and Scholarship." Against the Grain 16, no. 3 (2004): 56-59. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/atg.htm

———. "Timeline of the Open Access Movement." http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm

Velterop, Jan. "Open Access Publishing." Information Services & Use 23, no. 2/3 (2003): 113-115.

Weitzman, Jonathan B. "The Times They Are A-Changin.'" Open Access Now, 2 August 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/editorials/?issue=19

1.2 Analysis and Critiques

Anderson, Rick. "Open Access in the Real World: Confronting Economic and Legal Reality." College & Research Libraries News 65, no. 4 (2004): 206-208. http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/crlnews/backissues2004/april04/openaccess.htm

Björk, Bo-Christer. "Open Access to Scientific Publications—An Analysis of the Barriers to Change?" Information Research 9, no. 2 (2004). http://informationr.net/ir/9-2/paper170.html

Crawford, Walt. "The Access Puzzle: Notes on Scholarly Communication." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 2, no. 13 (2002): 8-12. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ2i13.pdf

———. "Library Access Perspective: The Empire Strikes Back." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 4, no. 7 (2004): 11-23. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ4i7.pdf

———. "Library Access to Scholarship." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 4, no. 4 (2004): 1-5. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ4i4.pdf

———. "Library Access to Scholarship." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 4, no. 7 (2004): 3-6. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ4i7.pdf

———. "Library Access to Scholarship." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 4, no. 11 (2004): 4-16. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ4i11.pdf

———. "Perspective: Scholarly Journals and Grand Solutions." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 2, no. 9 (2002): 1-3. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ2i9.pdf

———. "Scholarly Article Access." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 3, no. 6 (2003): 8-11. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ3i6.pdf

———. "Scholarly Article Access." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 3, no. 8 (2003): 16-18. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ3i8.pdf

———. "Scholarly Article Access." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 3, no. 13 (2003): 2-7. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ3i13.pdf

———. "Scholarly Article Access." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 4, no. 1 (2004): 6-11. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ4i1.pdf

———. "Scholarly Article Access: Sabo, SOAF, SOAN and More." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 3, no. 11 (2004): 9-17. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ3i11.pdf

Crawford, Walt, and Peter Suber. "Feedback: Your Insights: Scholarly Journals and Grand Solutions." Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large 2, no. 10 (2004): 2-4. http://cites.boisestate.edu/civ2i10.pdf

Dryburgh, Alastair. "Open Access—Time to Stop Preaching to the Converted?" Learned Publishing 17, no. 1 (2004): 69-70. http://www.alastairdryburgh.co.uk/pdfs/stoppr.pdf

Duranceau, Ellen Finnie, and Stevan Harnad. "Resetting Our Intuition Pumps for the Online-Only." Serials Review 25, no. 1 (1999): 109-115.

Friend, Frederick J. "Improving Access: Is There Any Hope?" Interlending & Document Supply 30, no. 4 (2002): 183-189. http://eprints.ucl.ac.uk/archive/00000026/

Grivell, Les. "Access for All?" EMBO Reports 5, no. 3 (2004): 222-225.

Guédon, Jean-Claude. "Beyond Core Journals and Licenses: The Paths to Reform Scientific Publishing." ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 218 (2001): 1-8. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/218/guedon.html

———. In Oldenburg's Long Shadow: Librarians, Research Scientists, Publishers, and the Control of Scientific Publishing . Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 2001. http://www.arl.org/arl/proceedings/138/guedon.html

———. "Independence from an 'Academic' Point of View." In 2nd Workshop on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI): Gaining Independence with E-Prints Archives and OAI, CERN, 17-19 October 2002, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2002. http://agenda.cern.ch/askArchive.php?base=agenda&categ=a02333&id=a02333s15t1/video

———. "Open Access Archives: From Scientific Plutocracy to the Republic of Science." IFLA Journal 29, no. 2 (2003): 129-140. http://www.ifla.org/V/iflaj/ij-2-2003.pdf

Harnad, Stevan. "Free at Last: The Future of Peer-Reviewed Journals." D-Lib Magazine 5, no. 12 (1999). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december99/12harnad.html

———. "Freeing the Refereed Journal Corpus Online." Computer Law & Security Report 16, no. 2 (2000): 78-87. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001701/index.html

———. "How to Fast-Forward Learned Serials to the Inevitable and the Optimal for Scholars and Scientists." The Serials Librarian 30, no. 3/4 (1997): 73-81. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001695/00/harnad97.learned.serials.html

———. "Implementing Peer Review on the Net: Scientific Quality Control in Scholarly Electronic Journals." In Scholarly Publishing: The Electronic Frontier, edited by Robin P. Peek and Gregory B. Newby, 103-118. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001692/00/harnad96.peer.review.html

———. "Interactive Publication: Extending the American Physical Society's Discipline-Specific Model for Electronic Publishing." Serials Review 18, no. 1/2 (1992): 58-61. http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/%7Eharnad/Papers/Harnad/harnad92.interactivpub.html

———. "The Invisible Hand of Peer Review." Nature Web Matters, 5 November 1998. http://www.nature.com/nature/webmatters/invisible/invisible.html

———. "Learned Inquiry and the Net: The Role of Peer Review, Peer Commentary and Copyright." Antiquity, no. 274 (1997): 1042-1048. http://intarch.ac.uk/antiquity/electronics/harnad.html

———. "Maximizing University Research Impact through Self-Archiving." JCOM: Journal of Science Communication 2, no. 4 (2003). http://jcom.sissa.it/article/art020401.html

———. "Minotaur: Six Proposals for Freeing the Refereed Literature Online: A Comparison." Ariadne, no. 28 (2001). http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue28/minotaur/

———. "On-Line Journals and Financial Fire Walls." Nature, 10 September 1998, 127-128. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001699/index.html

———. "Open Access to Peer-Reviewed Research through Author/Institution Self-Archiving: Maximizing Research Impact by Maximizing Online Access." Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 49, no. 4 (2003): 337-342. http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=4;spage=337;epage=342;aulast=Harnad

———. "The Paper House of Cards (and Why It's Taking So Long to Collapse)." Ariadne, no. 8 (1997). http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue8/harnad/

———. "The Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: How to Get There from Here." The Information Society 11, no. 4 (1995): 285-291. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001689/00/thes.html

———. "Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: The Fourth Revolution in the Means of Production of Knowledge." The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 2, no. 1 (1991): 39-53. http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v2/n1/harnad.2n1

———. "The Research-Impact Cycle." Information Services & Use 23, no. 2-3 (2003): 139-142.

———. "Scholarly Skywriting and the Prepublication Continuum of Scientific Inquiry." Psychological Science 1, no. 6 (1990): 342-344. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001581/index.html

———. "Self-Archive Unto Others as Ye Would Have Them Self-Archive Unto You." JCOM: Journal of Science Communication 2, no. 3 (2003). http://jcom.sissa.it/focus/foc020303.html

Harnad, Stevan, Les Carr, and Tim Brody. "How and Why to Free All Refereed Research from Access- and Impact-Barriers Online, Now." High Energy Physics Libraries Webzine, no. 4 (2001). http://library.cern.ch/HEPLW/4/papers/1/

Harnad, Stevan, and Matt Hemus. "All or None: No Stable Hybrid or Half-Way Solutions for Launching the Learned Periodical Literature into the Post-Gutenberg Galaxy." In The Impact of Electronic Publishing on the Academic Community: An International Workshop Organized by the Academia Europaea and the Wenner-Gren Foundation, edited by I. Butterworth. London: Portland Press, 1998. http://www.portlandpress.com/pp/books/online/tiepac/session1/ch5.htm

Lamb, Christine. "Open Access Publishing Models: Opportunity or Threat to Scholarly and Academic Publishers?" Learned Publishing 17, no. 2 (2004): 143-150.

Okerson, Ann. "Towards a Vision of Inexpensive Scholarly Journal Publication." Libri 53, no. 3 (2003): 186-193. http://www.library.yale.edu/~okerson/Libri.html

Quint, Barbara. "The Great Divide." Searcher 12, no. 2 (2004): 4, 6. http://www.infotoday.com/searcher/feb04/voice.shtml

Singer, Peter. "When Shall We Be Free?" The Journal of Electronic Publishing 6, no. 2 (2000). http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/06-02/singer.html

Suber, Peter. "Analogies and Precedents for the FOS Revolution." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 11 March 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/03-11-02.htm

———. "Commercial Exploitation of Free Online Scholarship." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 7 August 2001. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-07-01.htm

———. "Creating an Intellectual Commons through Open Access." (2004). http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/archive/00001246/

———. "'It's the Authors, Stupid!'" SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 74 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/06-02-04.htm#authors

———. "The Many-Copy Problem and the Many-Copy Solution." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 69 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/01-02-04.htm#manycopy

———. "Measuring FOS Progress, Part 1." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 15 September 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/09-15-02.htm

———. "Measuring FOS Progress, Part 2." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 15 September 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/09-15-02.htm

———. "More on the Problem of Excessive Accessibility." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 15 April 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/04-15-02.htm

———. "Objection-Reply: Whether OA-Promoting Policies Must 'Wait Until the Infrastructure Is Ready.'" SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 68 (2003). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/12-02-03.htm#objreply

———. "Open Access in the Humanities." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 70 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/02-02-04.htm#humanities

———. "Open Access When Authors Are Paid." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 68 (2003). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/12-02-03.htm#payingauthors

———. "Predictions for 2004." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 70 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/02-02-04.htm#predictions

———. "Providing Open Access to Past Research Articles, Starting with the Most Important." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 74 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/06-02-04.htm#unbind

———. "The Scaling Argument." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 71 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/03-02-04.htm#scaling

———. "The Taxpayer Argument for Open Access." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 65 (2003). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/09-04-03.htm

———. "Top 10 Priorities for the OAI Community." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 71 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/03-02-04.htm#oai-priorities

———. "Two Distractions." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 73 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/05-03-04.htm#distractions

———. "Where Does the Free Online Scholarship Movement Stand Today?" ARL: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC, no. 220 (2002): 5-7. http://www.arl.org/newsltr/220/scholar.html

———. "Why FOS Progress Has Been Slow." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 15 May 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/05-15-02.htm

Till, James E. "Success Factors for Open Access." Journal of Medical Internet Research 5, no. 1 (Article e1 2003). http://www.jmir.org/2003/1/e1/index.htm

Willinsky, John. "The Nine Flavours of Open Access Scholarly Publishing." The Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 49, no. 3 (2003): 263-267. http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2003;volume=49;issue=3;spage=263;epage=267;aulast=Willinsky

1.3 Debates and Dialogs

1.3.1 Nature Web Debate on Future E-Access to the Primary Literature

Blume, Martin. "Electronic Access to Journals: The Views of the American Physical Society." Nature Web Debates, 12 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/blume.html

Butler, Declan, and Philip Campbell. "Future E-Access to the Primary Literature." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/introduction.html

Campbell, Robert. "Information Access: What Is to Be Done?" Nature Web Debates, 27 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/campbell.html

Eisen, Michael, and Pat Brown. "Should the Scientific Literature Be Privately Owned and Controlled?" Nature Web Debates, 4 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/Eisen.htm

Frank, Martin. "No Free Lunch!" Nature Web Debates, 20 August 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/frank.html

"The Future of the Electronic Scientific Literature." Nature Web Debates, 6 September 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/opinion2.html

Gannon, Frank. "Boycott!" Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/gannon.html

Gerstein, Mark, and Jochen Junker. "Blurring the Boundaries between the Scientific 'Papers' and Biological Databases." Nature Web Debates, 7 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/gernstein.html

Grivel, Les. "E-Biosci: A European Approach to Handling Biological Information." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/grivell2.html

Haank, Derk. "Content and Context in One Service, Tailored to Meet the Needs of Scientists." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/hank.html

Harnad, Stevan. "The Self-Archiving Initiative." Nature Web Debates, 26 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/harnad.html

Hopkins, Colin. "Healthy Warning: 'This Journal Supports Full Text, Tariff-Free Archives.'" Nature Web Debates, 18 September 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/hopkins.html

Johnson, Richard K. "Whither Competition?" Nature Web Debates, 15 June 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/johnson.html

Kaser, Richard T. "When Allegory Replaces Rational Thought, Science Had Better Watch Out." Nature Web Debates, 18 September 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/kaser.html

Keller, Michael. "Innovation and Service in Scientific Publishing Requires More, Not Less, Competition." Nature Web Debates, 25 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/keller.html

Lawrence, Steve. "Free Online Availability Substantially Increases a Paper's Impact." Nature Web Debates, 31 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/lawrence.html

Luce, Richard. "Evolution and Scientific Literature: Towards a Decentralized Adaptive Web." Nature Web Debates, 10 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/luce.html

Mellman, Ira. "Setting Logical Priorities." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/mellman.html

Odlyzko, Andrew. "The Public Library of Science and the Ongoing Revolution in Scholarly Communication." Nature Web Debates, 18 September 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/odlyzko.html

Okerson, Ann. "What Price 'Free'?" Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/okerson.html

O'Reilly, Tim. "Information Wants to Be Valuable." Nature Web Debates, 18 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/oreilly.html

Pentz, Ed. "Evolution and Revolution: Pragmatism versus Dogmatism." Nature Web Debates, 28 August 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/pentz.html

Richardson, Martin. "Impacts of Free Access." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/richardson.html

Roosendaal, Hans E., Peter A. Th. M. Geurts, and Paul van der Vet. "Higher Education Needs May Determine the Future of Scientific E-Publishing." Nature Web Debates, 18 September 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/roosendaal.html

Rowe, Richard R. "Digital Archives: How We Can Provide Access to 'Old' Biomedical Information." Nature Web Debates, 14 August 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/rowe.html

Sequeira, Edwin, Johanna McEntyre, and David Lipman. "PubMed Central Decides to Decentralize." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/pubmed.html

Stallman, Richard. "Science Must ‘Push Copyright Aside.'" Nature Web Debates, 8 June 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/stallman.html

Tenopir, Carol, and Donald W. King. "Lessons for the Future of Journals." Nature Web Debates, 18 October 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/tenopir.html

Walker, Thomas J. "Authors Willing to Pay for Instant Web Access." Nature Web Debates, 31 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/walker.html

Warnick, Walter. "Tailoring Access to the Source: Preprints, Grey Literature and Journal Articles." Nature Web Debates, 3 May 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/warnick.html

Wells, Robert D., and Herbert Tabor. "Position Statement by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology." Nature Web Debates, 5 April 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/asbmn.html

Worlock, David R. "The Best and Worst of Times." Nature Web Debates, 18 October 2001. http://www.nature.com/nature/debates/e-access/Articles/worlock.html

1.3.2 Nature Web Focus on Access to the Literature: The Debate Continues

Bergstrom, Theodore C., and Carl T. Bergstrom. "Can 'Author Pays' Journals Compete with 'Reader Pays'?" Nature Web Focus, 20 May 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/22.html

Brown, Patrick. "PLoS Co-Founder Defends Free Dissemination of Peer-Reviewed Journals Online." Nature Web Focus, 19 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/5.html

Butler, Declan. "Introduction." Nature Web Focus, 19 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/1.html

Cozzarelli, Nicholas R. "PNAS and Open Access." Nature Web Focus, 25 June 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/25.html

Greenstein, Daniel. "Not So Quiet on a Western Front." Nature Web Focus, 28 May 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/23.html

Harnad, Stevan, Tim Brody, François Vallières, Les Carr, Steve Hitchcock, Yves Gingras, Charles Oppenheim, Heinrich Stamerjohanns, and Eberhard R. Hilf. "The Green and the Gold Roads to Open Access." Nature Web Focus, 17 May 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/21.html

Hawley, John B. "Is Free Affordable?" Nature Web Focus, 15 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/14.html

Haynes, John. "Can Open Access be Viable? The Institute of Physics' Experience." Nature Web Focus, 7 May 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/20.html

Hunter, Karen. "Open Access: Yes, No, Maybe." Nature Web Focus, 19 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/3.html

Kennedy, Donald. "Science Editor-in-Chief Warns of PLoS Growing Pains." Nature Web Focus, 19 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/6.html

King, Donald W., and Carol Tenopir. "An Evidence-Based Assessment of the 'Author Pays' Model." Nature Web Focus, 25 June 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/26.html

Kleinberg, Jon. "Analysing the Scientific Literature in Its Online Context." Nature Web Focus, 29 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/18.html

Masters, Bettie Sue, and Judith S. Bond. "A Professional Society's Take on Access to the Scientific Literature." Nature Web Focus, 8 July 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/27.html

McCabe, Mark J., and Christopher M. Snyder. "The Best Business Model for Scholarly Journals: An Economist's Perspective." Nature Web Focus, 16 July 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/28.html

Mellman, Ira. "How Journals Can 'Realistically' Boost Access." Nature Web Focus, 8 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/11.html

Meyer, Marie. "Open Access Ignoring Lessons of Dot-Com Bubble." Nature Web Focus, 22 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/15.html

Morris, Sally. "Open Access and Not-for-Profit Publishers." Nature Web Focus, 19 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/2.html

Odlyzko, Andrew. "Why Electronic Publishing Means People Will Pay Different Prices." Nature Web Focus, 25 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/7.html

Okerson, Ann. "On Being Scientific about Science Publishing." Nature Web Focus, 1 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/9.html

Pentz, Ed. "CrossRef Launches CrossRef Search, Powered by Google." Nature Web Focus, 29 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/17.html

Pringle, James. "Do Open Access Journals Have Impact?" Nature Web Focus, 7 May 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/19.html

Richardson, Martin, and Claire Saxby. "Experimenting with Open Access Publishing." Nature Web Focus, 8 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/12.html

Suber, Peter. "The Primacy of Authors in Achieving Open Access." Nature Web Focus, 10 June 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/24.html

Velterop, Jan. "The Myth of 'Unsustainable' Open Access Journals." Nature Web Focus, 1 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/10.html

Waaijers, Leo. "Open Access Needs to Get 'Back to Basics.'" Nature Web Focus, 23 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/16.html

Walker, Thomas J. "Open Access by the Article: An Idea Whose Time Has Come?" Nature Web Focus, 15 April 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/13.html

Ware, Mark. "Universities' Own Electronic Repositories Yet to Impact on Open Access." Nature Web Focus, 19 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/4.html

Worlock, Kate. "Open Access and Learned Societies: Will Open Access Prove a Blessing or a Curse to Learned Societies?" Nature Web Focus, 25 March 2004. http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/8.html

1.3.3 Other

Brent, Doug. "Stevan Harnad's 'Subversive Proposal': Kick-Starting Electronic Scholarship—A Summary and Analysis." EJournal 5, no. 1 (1995). http://www.ucalgary.ca/ejournal/archive/rachel/v5n1/article.html

Fuller, Steve. "Cybermaterialism, or Why There Is No Free Lunch in Cyberspace." The Information Society 11, no. 4 (1995): 325-332.

Harnad, Stevan. "Sorting the Esoterica from the Exoterica: There's Plenty of Room in Cyberspace—A Response to Fuller." The Information Society 11, no. 4 (1995): 305-324. http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00001684/00/harful1.html

Harnad, Stevan, Hal Varian, and Bob Parks. "Academic Publishing in the Online Era: What Will Be For-Fee and What Will Be For-Free?" Culture Machine, no. 2 (2000). http://culturemachine.tees.ac.uk/Cmach/Backissues/j002/Articles/art_harn.htm

Okerson, Ann Shumelda, and James J. O'Donnell, eds. Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Washington, DC: Office of Scientific and Academic Publishing, Association of Research Libraries, 1995. http://www.arl.org/scomm/subversive/toc.html

1.4 Research Studies

Cox, John, and Laura Cox. Scholarly Publishing Practice: The ALPSP Report on Academic Journal Publishers' Policies and Practices in Online Publishing. Worthing, UK: The Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, 2003.

Rowlands, Ian, Dave Nicholas, and Paul Huntingdon. Scholarly Communication in the Digital Environment: What Do Authors Want? Findings of an International Survey of Author Opinion: Project Report. London: Centre for Information Behaviour and the Evaluation of Research, Department of Information Science, City University, 2004. http://ciber.soi.city.ac.uk/ciber-pa-report.pdf

Swan, Alma. "'What Authors Want': The ALPSP Research Study on the Motivations and Concerns of Contributors to Learned Journals." Learned Publishing 12, no. 3 (1999): 170-172. http://puck.ingentaselect.com/vl=1661376/cl=17/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v12n3/s1/p170

Swan, Alma, and Sheridan Brown. The ALPSP Research Study on Authors' and Readers' Views of Electronic Research Communication. Worthing, UK: Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, 2002.

———. "Authors and Open Access Publishing." Learned Publishing 17, no. 3 (2004): 219-224.

Swan, Alma P., and Sheridan N. Brown. JISC/OSI Journal Authors Survey Report. Truro, UK: Key Perspectives Ltd., 2004. http://www.jisc.ac.uk/uploaded_documents/ACF655.pdf

1.5 Other

Albanese, Andrew, and Peter Suber. "The LJ Academic Newswire Newsmaker Interview: Peter Suber, Publisher of the SPARC Open Access Newsletter." The LJ Academic Newswire, 24 July 2003. https://mx2.arl.org/Lists/SPARC-OAForum/Message/48.html

Anderson, Byron. "Open Access Journals." Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian 22, no. 2 (2004): 93-99.

Ashling, Jim. "Open Access and the Public Domain." Information Today 20, no. 5 (2003): 27-29.

"Australian Government Provides Support for Open Access Projects." Open Access Now, 1 December 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=10

Banks, Marcus. "Connections between Open Access Publishing and Access to Gray Literature." Journal of the Medical Library Association 92, no. 2 (2004): 164-166. http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=385294&action=stream&blobtype=pdf

Brown, Pat. "What Must Scientists Do to Exploit the New Environment." In Freedom of Information Conference 2000. London: BioMed Central, 2000. http://www.biomedcentral.com/meetings/2000/foi/transcripts/brown

Butler, Declan. "Open-Access Row Leads Paper to Shed Authors." Nature, 25 September 2003, 334.

California Digital Library. "Open Access Resources at the UC Libraries: Policies and Procedures for Shared Cataloging, Linking, and Management." 13 May 2004. http://www.cdlib.org/inside/collect/openaccess.html

Canadian Association of Research Libraries. Brief to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Concerning the Transformation of SSHRC. Ottawa, Canada: The Canadian Association of Research Libraries, 2004. http://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/sshrc/transformation-brief.pdf

Caulkin, Simon. "Black Arts of the Science Mags." The Observer, 14 March 2004. http://observer.guardian.co.uk/business/story/0,6903,1168763,00.html

Cockerill, Matthew. "Data Mining Open Access Research." Open Access Now, 8 September 2003. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/archive/?page=features&issue=4

"Cornell Launches an Open Access University Press." Open Access Now, 15 March 2004. http://www.biomedcentral.com/openaccess/news/?issue=14

Crow, Raym. "Half Full: The Improving State of Scholarly Publishing." In CERN Workshop Series on Innovations in Scholarly Communication: Implementing the Benefits of OAI (OAI3), 12-14th February 2004 at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland. Geneva: CERN, 2004. http://agenda.cern.ch/askArchive.php?base=agenda&categ=a035925&id=a035925s5t13/video

Editorial. "For Access to Scientific Publications." The Hindu, 3 August 2004. http://www.hindu.com/2004/08/03/stories/2004080300351000.htm

———. "Open Access to Scientific Research." The New York Times, 7 August 2003, A22.

Esanu, Julie M., and Paul F. Uhlir, eds. Open Access and the Public Domain in Digital Data and Information for Science: Proceedings of an International Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2004. http://www.nap.edu/catalog/11030.html

Fernandez, Leila. "New Alliances in Scholarly Publishing." Feliciter 49, no. 6 (2003): 290-292.

Fonseca, Gustavo, and Philippa J. Benson. "Biodiversity Conservation Demands Open Access." PLoS Biology 1, no. 2 (2003): 163-165. http://www.plosbiology.org/archive/1545-7885/1/2/pdf/10.1371_journal.pbio.0000046-L.pdf

Galvin, Jeanne. "The Next Step in Scholarly Communication: Is the Traditional Journal Dead?" Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship 5, no. 1 (2004). http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v05n01/galvin_j01.htm

Ginsparg, Paul. "Can Peer Review Be Better Focused?" Science & Technology Libraries 22, no. 3/4 (2002): 5-17. http://arxiv.org/blurb/pg02pr.html

———. "Scholarly Information Architecture, 1989-2015." Data Science Journal 3 (2004): 29-37. http://journals.eecs.qub.ac.uk/codata/Journal/Contents/3_04/3_04pdfs/DS258.pdf

Guterman, Lila, and Peter Suber. "Colloquy Live: The Promise of 'Open Access' Publishing." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 29 January 2004. http://chronicle.com/colloquylive/2004/01/openaccess/

IWR Staff. "Open Access Sets UKSG Alight." Information World Review, 8 April 2004. http://www.iwr.co.uk/iwreview/1154159

Kiernan, Vincent. "Company to Track Citations of Online Scholarship." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 19 March 2004, A31.

Kling, Rob, Lisa Spector, and Geoff McKim. "Locally Controlled Scholarly Publishing via the Internet: The Guild Model." The Journal of Electronic Publishing 8, no. 1 (2002). http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/08-01/kling.html

Martin, Susan K. "A Wedge in the Door of Scholarly Communication." portal: Libraries and the Academy 4, no. 2 (2004): vii-x.

McKiernan, Gerry. "ResearchIndex: Autonomous Citation Indexing on the Web." International Journal on Grey Literature 1, no. 1 (2000): 41-46.

Miller, Lee. "Keynote Address: Author/Institution Self-Archiving and the Future of Peer-Reviewed Journals." Science Editor 26, no. 5 (2003): 150-151. http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/members/securedDocuments/v26n5p150-151.pdf

Mittler, Elma. "Libraries and International Infrastructure for Open Access Services." Information Services & Use 23, no. 2/3 (2003): 117-118.

Moore, Pete. "E-Publishing—Paris, Profit and Potential." The Scientist, 26 February 2001. http://www.biomedcentral.com/news/20010226/05/

Nentwich, Michael. "(Re-)De-Commodification in Academic Knowledge Distribution?" Science Studies 14, no. 2 (2001): 21-42. http://eiop.or.at/mn/ScSt2001.pdf

Nowick, Elaine, and Claudine Arnold Jenda. "Libraries Stuck in the Middle: Reactive vs. Proactive Responses to the Science Journal Crisis." Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, no. 39 (2004). http://www.istl.org/04-winter/article4.html

Open Access Publishing Conference. Atlanta: Woodruff Health Sciences Center Library, Emory University, 2004. http://ada.healthsci.emory.edu/openaccess/

Parry, Vivienne. "A Toenail in the Door." The Guardian, 6 May 2004. http://www.guardian.co.uk/life/lastword/story/0,13228,1210137,00.html

Rabow, Ingegerd. "The Second Nordic Conference on Scholarly Communication Was Arranged by Lund University Libraries in Lund, Sweden, April 26-28, 2004." ScieCom Info, 7 June 2004. http://www.sciecom.org/sciecominfo/artiklar/rabow_04_2.shtml

Rankin, Jocelyn A., and Sandra G. Franklin. "Open Access Publishing." Emerging Infectious Diseases 10, no. 7 (2004): 1352-1353. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no7/04-0122.htm

Romero, Michelle. "Open Access and the Case for Public Good: The Scientists' Perspective." ONLINE 27, no. 4 (2003): 32-33. http://www.infotoday.com/online/jul03/romero.shtml

Solomon, David J. "Talking Past Each Other: Making Sense of the Debate over Electronic Publication." First Monday 7, no. 8 (2002). http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_8/solomon/index.html

St. Clair, Gloriana, and Erika C. Linke. "Changing the Publishing Paradigm for Science and Technology." Science & Technology Libraries 24, no. 1/2 (2003): 195-207.

Steele, Colin. "Digital Publishing and the Knowledge Process." (2004). http://eprints.anu.edu.au/archive/00002707/

———. "World's Knowledge Base Should Be Open to All: Are You Free? Australia Well Placed to React to UK Open Access Initiatives." (2004). http://eprints.anu.edu.au/archive/00002708/

Suber, Peter. "The Ellen Roche Story." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 23 August 2001. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/08-23-01.htm

———. "Promoting Open Access in the Humanities." (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/writing/apa.htm

———. "Thoughts on First and Second-Order Scholarly Judgments." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 8 April 2002. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/04-08-02.htm

———. "University Actions against High Journal Prices." SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 72 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/04-02-04.htm#actions

———. "What Will It Profit You to Gain [Free Online Scholarship] and Lose Your Very [Connectivity]? Luke 9:25." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 19 October 2001. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/10-19-01.htm

———. "What's the Ullage of Your Library?" SPARC Open Access Newsletter, no. 69 (2004). http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/01-02-04.htm#ullage

———. "When Public Laws Are in the Public Domain, and When They Are Not." Free Online Scholarship Newsletter, 25 June 2001. http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/06-25-01.htm

Tananbaum, Greg. "Of Wolves and Boys: The Scholarly Communication Crisis." Learned Publishing 16, no. 4 (2003): 285-289. http://puck.ingentaselect.com/vl=3887652/cl=20/nw=1/fm=docpdf/rpsv/cw/alpsp/09531513/v16n4/s7/p285

Varmus, Harold. "What Will the New Environment Look Like?" In Freedom of Information Conference 2000. London: BioMed Central, 2000. http://www.biomedcentral.com/meetings/2000/foi/transcripts/varmus

Vogt, Sjoerd. "Information Hijacking." Information Today 21, no. 3 (2004): 1, 23-24, 44, 46.

Ward, Gary. "The Crisis in Scientific Communication: A View from the Trenches." American Society for Cell Biology Newsletter 26, no. 2 (2003): 1, 4-8. http://www.ascb.org/news/vol26no2/ns/february-03.html

Warr, Wendy. "Striving for Open Access." Chemistry International 25, no. 4 (2003): 2. http://www.iupac.org/publications/ci/2003/2504/2_openaccess.html

Willinsky, John. "Education and Democracy: The Missing Link May Be Ours." Harvard Educational Review 72, no. 3 (2002): 367-392. http://www.pkp.ubc.ca/publications/Democracy.doc

———. "Policymakers' Online Use of Academic Research." Education Policy Analysis Archives 11, no. 2 (2003). http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v11n2/

———. "The Public Knowledge Project." D-Lib Magazine 9, no. 4 (2003). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april03/04inbrief.html#WILLINSKY