Artificial Intelligence and Libraries Bibliography
Charles W. Bailey, Jr.
Houston: Digital Scholarship, 2023
The Artificial Intelligence and Libraries Bibliography includes over 125 selected English-language articles and books that are useful in understanding how libraries are exploring and adopting modern artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. It covers works from January 2018 through August 2023. The bibliography is available as a website and a website PDF with live links.
AI is a complex topic, but these recent overviews of general AI systems1 and generative AI systems2 are helpful in understanding it (both papers are open access).
Libraries have been exploring AI technology for a long time. In particular, there was an active period of experimentation from the mid-1980s through the mid-1990s that primarily focused on the use of expert systems.3-14 Many projects used expert system shells, which simplified development; however, some projects, such as the University of Houston's Intelligent Reference Information System Project, also used AI languages, such as Prolog.15 This period produced a significant number of library-related AI papers.
Subsequently, library interest in AI diminished until around 2018, when research activity increased.
The public release of generative AI systems in late 2022, such as ChatGPT, sparked a strong upsurge of interest in them and a rush to utilize their capabilities. Since these systems are relatively easy to use, this development may result in a significant new wave of library-oriented AI activity.
This bibliography does not cover conference proceedings, digital media works (such as MP3 files), e-mail messages, interviews, letters to the editor, presentation slides or transcripts, technical reports, unpublished e-prints, and/or weblog postings.
The bibliography has links to included works. Where possible, it uses Digital Object Identifier System (DOI) URLs. All links are subject to change. Should a link be dead, try entering it in the Internet Archive Wayback Machine.
References in this bibliography are created from information in the publisher's online record for the work. Some publishers may use nontraditional citation elements and patterns. Key information may be missing from the publisher's online record (e.g, volume, number, and pages). In some cases, there is online publication date information instead. If there is a citation format tool on the work's online record, the information from that tool is used.
1. Yuchen Jiang, Xiang Li, Hao Luo, Shen Yin, and Okyay Kaynak, "Quo Vadis Artificial Intelligence?," Discover Artificial Intelligence 2, no. 4 (2022), https://doi.org/10.1007/s44163-022-00022-8
2. Roberto Gozalo-Brizuela and Eduardo C. Garrido-Merchan, "ChatGPT Is Not All You Need. A State of the Art Review of Large Generative AI Models," arXiv (2023), https://arxiv.org/abs/2301.04655
3. Ralph Alberico and Mary Micco, Expert Systems for Reference and Information Retrieval (Westport, CT: Meckler, 1990), https://www.worldcat.org/title/20797396
4. Rao Aluri and Donald E. Riggs, "Application of Expert Systems to Libraries," in Advances in Library Automation and Networking, vol. 2, ed. Joe A. Hewitt (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1988), 1-43, https://www.worldcat.org/title/19100211
5. Rao Aluri and Donald E. Riggs, eds., Expert Systems in Libraries (Norwood, NJ: Ablex Pub. Corp. 1990), https://www.worldcat.org/title/21197415
6. Charles W. Bailey, Jr., "Intelligent Library Systems: Artificial Intelligence Technology and Library Automation Systems," in Advances in Library Automation and Networking, vol. 4, ed. by Joe A. Hewitt (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1991), 1-23, https://tinyurl.com/59ywykzb
7. Charles W. Bailey, Jr. and Judy E. Myers, eds., Expert Systems in ARL Libraries, SPEC Kit 174 (Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 1991), https://tinyurl.com/bdd5dwz2
8. Sharon Manel De Silva, "A Review of Expert Systems in Library and Information Science," Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science 2, no. 2 (1997): 57-92, https://tinyurl.com/53cjr8un
9. Carol Pitts Hawks, "Expert Systems in Technical Services and Collection Management," Information Technology and Libraries 13, no. 3 (1994): 203-212, https://kb.osu.edu/handle/1811/54540
10. Cynthia C. Hsieh and Wendy Hall, "Survey of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Library and Information Science Literature," Information Technology and Libraries 8, no. 2 (1989): 209-214, https://tinyurl.com/2f8xcs8z
11. F. Wilfrid Lancaster and Linda C. Smith, eds., Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems: Will They Change the Library? (Urbana-Champaign: Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1992), https://hdl.handle.net/2142/1210
12. Anne Morris, ed., The Application of Expert Systems in Libraries and Information Centres (London: Bowker-Saur, 1992), https://www.worldcat.org/title/300836865
13. Christine Roysdon and Howard D. White, eds., Expert Systems in Reference Services (New York: Haworth Press, 1989), https://www.worldcat.org/title/18681443
14. Linda C. Smith, "Artificial Intelligence and Information Retrieval," in Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, vol. 22, ed. Martha E. Williams (Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1987), 41-77, https://www.worldcat.org/title/21468298
15. Charles W. Bailey, Jr., "The Intelligent Reference Information System Project: A Merger of CD-ROM LAN and Expert System Technologies," Information Technology and Libraries 11, no. 3 (1992): 237-244, https://tinyurl.com/mrychcpk
In memory of Paul Evan Peters (1947-1996), founding Executive Director of the Coalition for Networked Information, whose visionary leadership at the dawn of the Internet era fostered the development of scholarly electronic publishing.
Abayomi, Owolabi Kehinde, Fauziyah Nihinlolawa Adenekan, Adeleke Olateju Abayomi, Taiwo Abosede Ajayi, and Adesina Olaitan Aderonke. "Awareness and Perception of the Artificial Intelligence in the Management of University Libraries in Nigeria." Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery & Electronic Reserve, 29, no. 1-2 (2020): 13-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/1072303X.2021.1918602
Adejo, Augustine Alhaji, and Ali Yakubu Misau. "Application of Artificial Intelligence in Academic Libraries in Nigeria." Library Philosophy and Practice (2021). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/6639/
Adetayo, Adebowale Jeremy. "Artificial Intelligence Chatbots in Academic Libraries: The Rise of ChatGPT." Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 3 (2023): 18-21. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-01-2023-0007
———. "ChatGPT and Librarians for Reference Consultations." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 27, no. 33 (2023): 131-147. https://doi.org/10.1080/10875301.2023.2203681
Adetayo, Adebowale Jeremy, Kabiru Abwage, and Tolulope Oduola. "Robots and Human Librarians for Delivering Library Services to Patrons." The Reference Librarian (2023): Published online on 3/5/2023. https://doi.org/10.1080/02763877.2023.2183303
Affum, Mark Quaye. "Investigating the Potential Impact of Artificial Intelligence in Librarianship." Library Philosophy and Practice (2023). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/7849/
Ajakaye, Jesubukade Emmanuel. "Applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Libraries." In Handbook of Research on Emerging Trends and Technologies in Librarianship, ed. Innocent Isa Ekoja, Esoswo Francisca Ogbomo, and Omorodion Okuonghae, 73-90. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2022. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-9094-2.ch006
Ajani, Yusuf Ayodeji, Adeyinka Tella, Khadijah Yetunde Salawu, and Firdausi Abdullahi. "Perspectives of Librarians on Awareness and Readiness of Academic Libraries to Integrate Artificial Intelligence for Library Operations and Services in Nigeria." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 26, no. 4 (2022): 213-230. https://doi.org/10.1080/10875301.2022.2086196
Ali, Muhammad Yousuf, Salaman Bin Naeem, and Rubina Bhatti. "Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Pakistani University Library Services." Library Hi Tech News 38, no. 8 (2021): 12-15. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-10-2021-0065
———. "Artificial Intelligence Tools and Perspectives of University Librarians: An Overview." Business Information Review 37, no. 3 (2020): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266382120952016
Ali, Muhammad Yousuf, Salman Bin Naeem, Rubina Bhatti, and Joanna Richardson. "Artificial Intelligence Application in University Libraries of Pakistan: SWOT Analysis and Implications." Global Knowledge, Memory and Communication (2022): Published online on 5/19/2022. https://doi.org/10.1108/GKMC-12-2021-0203
Andrews, James E., Heather Ward, and JungWon Yoon. "UTAUT as a Model for Understanding Intention to Adopt AI and Related Technologies among Librarians." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 47, no. 6 (2021): 102437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2021.102437
Arora, Dipti, Alka Bansal, Nishant Kumar, and Nishant Kumar. "Invigorating Libraries with Application of Artificial Intelligence." Library Philosophy and Practice (2020). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/3630/
Asemi, Asefeh. "A Review on Intelligent Library Services and Systems: Utilizing Recommender Systems and Fuzzy Logic Chat Bots." In Emerging Technology-Based Services and Systems in Libraries, Educational Institutions, and Non-Profit Organizations, ed. Dickson K. W. Chiu and Kevin K. W. Ho, 78-104. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2023. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-6684-8671-9.ch004
Asemi, Asefeh, and Adeleh Asemi. "Artificial Intelligence (AI) Application in Library Systems in Iran: A Taxonomy Study." Library Philosophy and Practice (2018). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1840
Asemi, Asefeh, Andrea Ko, and Mohsen Nowkarizi. "Intelligent Libraries: A Review on Expert Systems, Artificial Intelligence, and Robot." Library Hi Tech 39, no. 2 (2020): 412-434. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-02-2020-0038
Baker, Jamie J. "2018: A Legal Research Odyssey: Artificial Intelligence as Disruptor." Law Library Journal 110, no. 1 (2018): 5-30. https://tinyurl.com/4zmr6uph
Barsha, Sayantoni, and Shamim Aktar Munshi. "Implementing Artificial Intelligence in Library Services: A Review of Current Prospects and Challenges of Developing Countries." Library Hi Tech News (2023): Published online on 8/8/2023. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-07-2023-0126
Barus, Simon Prananta, and Evalien Surijati. "Chatbot with Dialogflow for FAQ Services in Matana University Library." International Journal of Informatics and Computation 3, no. 2 (2022): 51-62. https://doi.org/10.35842/ijicom.v3i2.43
Bi, Siguo, Cong Wang, Jilong Zhang, Wutao Huang, Bochun Wu, Yi Gong, and Wei Ni. "A Survey on Artificial Intelligence Aided Internet-of-Things Technologies in Emerging Smart Libraries." Sensors 22, no. 8 (2022): 2991. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22082991
Borgohain, Dhruba Jyoti, Raj Kumar Bhardwaj, and Manoj Kumar Verma. "Mapping the Literature on the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Libraries (AAIL): A Scientometric Analysis." Library Hi Tech (2022): Published online on 10/4/2022. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-07-2022-0331
Bradley, Fiona. "Representation of Libraries in Artificial Intelligence Regulations and Implications for Ethics and Practice." Journal of the Australian Library and Information Association 71, no. 3 (2022): 189-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/24750158.2022.2101911
Brousseau, Christopher, Justin Johnson, and Curtis Thacker. "Machine Learning Based Chat Analysis." Code4Lib Journal, no. 50 (2021). https://journal.code4lib.org/articles/15660
Brown, Laila M. "Gendered Artificial Intelligence in Libraries: Opportunities to Deconstruct Sexism and Gender Binarism." Journal of Library Administration 62, no. 1 (2022): 19-30. https://doi.org/10.1080/01930826.2021.2006979
Callister, Paul D. "Law, Artificial Intelligence, and Natural Language Processing: A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to My Search Results." Law Library Journal 112, no. 2 (2020): 161-212. https://tinyurl.com/ywdydjkn
Cao, Gaohui, Mengli Liang, and Xuguang Li. "How to Make the Library Smart? The Conceptualization of the Smart Library." The Electronic Library 36, no. 5 (2018): 811-825. https://doi.org/10.1108/EL-11-2017-0248
Carter, Denise. "Regulation and Ethics in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Technologies: Where Are We Now? Who Is Responsible? Can the Information Professional Play a Role?" Business Information Review 37, no. 2 (2020): 60-68. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266382120923962
Chen, Min, and Chien-wen Shen. "The Correlation Analysis between the Service Quality of Intelligent Library and the Behavioral Intention of Users." The Electronic Library 38, no. 1 (2020): 95-112. https://doi.org/10.1108/EL-07-2019-0163
Chen, Xiaotian. "ChatGPT and Its Possible Impact on Library Reference Services." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 27, no. 2 (2023): 121-129, https://doi.org/10.1080/10875301.2023.2181262
Cordell, Ryan. Machine Learning + Libraries: A Report on the State of the Field. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 2020. https://tinyurl.com/ytn3tknh.
Corrado, Edward M. "Artificial Intelligence: The Possibilities for Metadata Creation." Technical Services Quarterly 38, no. 4 (2021): 395-405. https://doi.org/10.1080/07317131.2021.1973797
Cox, Andrew M. "The Ethics of AI for Information Professionals: Eight Scenarios." Journal of the Australian Library and Information Association 71, no. 3 (2022): 201-214. https://doi.org/10.1080/24750158.2022.2084885
———. "How Artificial Intelligence Might Change Academic Library Work: Applying the Competencies Literature and the Theory of the Professions." Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 74, no. 3 (2023): 367-380. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.24635
———. The Impact of AI, Machine Learning, Automation and Robotics on the Information Professions. London: Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals, 2021. https://tinyurl.com/yc8p36mt
Cox, Andrew M., and Suvodeep Mazumdar. "Defining Artificial Intelligence for Librarians." Journal of Librarianship and Information Science (2022): Published online on 12/22/2022. https://doi.org/10.1177/09610006221142029
Cox, Andrew M., Stephen Pinfield, and Sophie Rutter. "The Intelligent Library: Thought Leaders' Views on the Likely Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Academic Libraries." Library Hi Tech 37, no. 3 (2019): 418-435. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-08-2018-0105
Cox, Christopher, and Elias Tzoc. "ChatGPT: Implications for Academic Libraries." College & Research Libraries News 84, no. 3 (2023): 99-102. https://crln.acrl.org/index.php/crlnews/article/view/25821
Daimari, Dersin, Mwnthai Narzary, Nabajyoti Mazumdar, and Amitava Nag. "A Machine Learning Based Book Availability Prediction Model for Library Management System." Library Philosophy and Practice (2021). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/4982/
Das, Rajesh Kumar, and Mohammad Sharif Ul Islam. "Application of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Libraries: A Systematic Review." Library Philosophy and Practice (2021). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/6762/
De Sarkar, Tanmay. "Implementing Robotics in Library Services." Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 1 (2023): 8-12. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-11-2022-0123
Donkor, Antonia Bernadette, and Daniel Akwasi Afrane. "Application of AI in Academic Library Services: Prospects and Implications for Quality Service Delivery." In Emerging Technology-Based Services and Systems in Libraries, Educational Institutions, and Non-Profit Organizations, ed. Dickson K. W. Chiu and Kevin K. W. Ho, 1-25. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2023. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-6684-8671-9.ch001
Duncan, Adrian St. Patrick. "The Intelligent Academic Library: Review of AI Projects & Potential for Caribbean Libraries." Library Hi Tech News 39, no. 5 (2022): 12-15. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-01-2022-0014
Echedom, Anthonia U., and Omorodion Okuonghae. "Transforming Academic Library Operations in Africa with Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities and Challenges: A Review Paper." New Review of Academic Librarianship 27, no. 2 (2021): 243-255, https://doi.org/10.1080/13614533.2021.1906715
Edwards, Autumn, Chad Edwards, Bryan Abendschein, Juliana Espinosa, Jonathan Scherger, and Patricia Vander Meer. "Using Robot Animal Companions in the Academic Library to Mitigate Student Stress." Library Hi Tech 40, no. 4, (2022): 878-893. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-07-2020-0148
Ehrenpreis, Michelle, and J. DeLooper. "Implementing a Chatbot on a Library Website." Journal of Web Librarianship 16, no. 2 (2022): 120-142. https://doi.org/10.1080/19322909.2022.2060893
Emiri, Ogochukwu T. "Adoption and Utilisation of Artificial Intelligence by Librarians in University Libraries in Southern Nigeria." Library Philosophy and Practice (2023). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/7570/
Erb, Rachel A. "Does Artificial Intelligence (AI) Have a Role in E-resources Licensing?" The Serials Librarian 82, no. 1-4, (2022): 83-90. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361526X.2022.2018240
Faga, Asom, and Aliyu Olugbenga Yusuf. "Adoption of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Library Parlance: Issues and Benefits." Library Philosophy and Practice (2023). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/7691/
Farag, Hanan Ahmed, Sameh Nour Mahfouz, and Samia Alhajri. "Artificial Intelligence Investing in Academic Libraries: Reality and Challenges." Library Philosophy and Practice (2021). https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/5309
Fernandez, Peter. "Some Observations on Generative Text Artificial Intelligence's Impact on Libraries Part 1." Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 4 (2023): 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-05-2023-0076
———. "Some Observations on Generative Text Artificial Intelligence's Impact on Libraries Part 2." Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 5 (2023): 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-05-2023-0080
———. "‘Through the Looking Glass: Envisioning New Library Technologies' AI-Text Generators as Explained By ChatGPT." Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 3 (2023): 11-14. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-02-2023-0017
Finley, Thomas K. "The Democratization of Artificial Intelligence: One Library's Approach." Information Technology and Libraries 38, no. 1 (2019): 8-13. https://doi.org/10.6017/ital.v38i1.10974.
Fitch, Kent. "Searching for Meaning Rather Than Keywords and Returning Answers Rather Than Links." Code4Lib Journal, no. 57 (2023). https://journal.code4lib.org/articles/17443
Flannery, Jeremiah. "Using NLP to Generate MARC Summary Fields for Notre Dame's Catholic Pamphlets." International Journal of Librarianship 5, no. 1 (2020): 20-35. https://doi.org/10.23974/ijol.2020.vol5.1.158
Frederick, Donna Ellen. "ChatGPT: A Viral Data-Driven Disruption in the Information Environment." Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 3 (2023): 4-10. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-04-2023-0063
Friesen, Erica, Hannah Tanna, and Angélique Roy. "Artificial Intelligence in Subject-Specific Library Work: Trends, Perspectives, and Opportunities." Canadian Journal of Academic Librarianship 9 (2023):1-26. https://doi.org/10.33137/cjal-rcbu.v9.39951
Garg, Priya S., and Shivarama Rao K. "Building AgriRef: An AI Embedded Virtual Reference App for Farmers." Library Hi Tech News (2023): Published online on 4/24/2023. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-02-2023-0025
Gasparini, Andrea, and Heli Kautonen. "Understanding Artificial Intelligence in Research Libraries: An Extensive Literature Review." LIBER Quarterly: The Journal of European Research Libraries 32, no. 1 (2022). https://doi.org/10.53377/lq.10934
Glowacka-Musial, Monika. "Applying Topic Modeling for Automated Creation of Descriptive Metadata for Digital Collections." Information Technology and Libraries 41, no. 2 (2022). https://doi.org/10.6017/ital.v41i2.13799
Gomez, Joshua, Kristian Allen, Mark Matney, Tinuola Awopetu, and Sharon Shafer. "Experimenting with a Machine Generated Annotations Pipeline." Code4Lib Journal, no. 48 (2020). https://journal.code4lib.org/articles/15209
Griffey, Jason, ed. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Libraries. Library Technology Reports 55, no. 1 (2019). https://tinyurl.com/yyn7zyau
Gul, Sumeer, and Shohar Bano. "Smart Libraries: An Emerging and Innovative Technological Habitat of 21st Century." The Electronic Library 37, no. 5 (2019): 764-783. https://doi.org/10.1108/EL-02-2019-0052
Gupta, Varun, Chetna Gupta. "Leveraging AI Technologies in Libraries through Experimentation-Driven Frameworks." Internet Reference Services Quarterly (2023): Published online on 6/7/2023. https://doi.org/10.1080/10875301.2023.2240773
Haffenden, Chris, Elena Fano, Martin Malmsten, and Love Börjeson. "Making and Using AI in the Library: Creating a BERT Model at the National Library of Sweden." College & Research Libraries 84, no. 1 (2023): 30-48. https://doi.org/10.5860/crl.84.1.30
Harisanty, Dessy, N. Anna, Tesa Eranti Putri, Aji Akbar Firdaus, and Nurul Aida Noor Azizi. "Is Adopting Artificial Intelligence in Libraries Urgency or a Buzzword? A Systematic Literature Review." Journal of Information Science (2023): Published online on 1/12/2023. https://doi.org/10.1177/01655515221141034
———. "Leaders, Practitioners and Scientists' Awareness of Artificial Intelligence in Libraries: A Pilot Study." Library Hi Tech (2022): Published online on 4/4/2022. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-10-2021-0356
Harper, Charlie. "Machine Learning and the Library or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love My Robot Overlords." Code4Lib Journal, no. 41 (2018). https://journal.code4lib.org/articles/13671
Henry, Geneva. "Research Librarians as Guides and Navigators for AI Policies at Universities." Research Library Issues, no. 299 (2019): 47-65. https://doi.org/10.29242/rli.299.4
Hervieux, Sandy, and Amanda Wheatley. "Perceptions of Artificial Intelligence: A Survey of Academic Librarians in Canada and the United States." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 47, no. 1 (2021): 102270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2020.102270
Hervieux, Sandy, and Amanda Wheatley, ed. The Rise of AI: Implications and Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Academic Libraries. Association of College and Research Libraries, Chicago, Illinois, 2022. https://www.worldcat.org/title/1309960739
Houston, Aileen B., and Edward M. Corrado. "Embracing ChatGPT: Implications of Emergent Language Models for Academia and Libraries." Technical Services Quarterly 40, no. 2 (2023): 76-91, https://doi.org/10.1080/07317131.2023.2187110
Huang, Yingshen, Andrew M. Cox, and John Cox. "Artificial Intelligence in Academic Library Strategy in the United Kingdom and the Mainland of China." The Journal of Academic Librarianship 49, no. 6 (2023): 102772. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2023.102772
Huang, Yuan-Ho. "Exploring the Implementation of Artificial Intelligence Applications among Academic Libraries in Taiwan." Library Hi Tech (2022): Published online on 7/5/2022. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-03-2022-0159
Hussain, Abid. "Use of Artificial Intelligence in the Library Services: Prospects and Challenges." Library Hi Tech News, 40, no. 2 (2023): 15-17. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-11-2022-0125
Igwe, Kingsley N., and Abdulakeem S. Sulyman. "Smart Libraries: Changing the Paradigms of Library Services." Business Information Review 39, no. 4 (2022): 147-152. https://doi.org/10.1177/02663821221110042
Inamdar, Saba. "Impact of Artificial Intelligence Text Generators (AITGS) on Libraries." Library Hi Tech News (2023): Published online on 5/3/2023. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-03-2023-0048
Izquierdo, H. Andrés. "Artificial Intelligence and Text and Data Mining: Future Rules for Libraries?" In Navigating Copyright for Libraries: Purpose and Scope, ed. Jessica Coates, Victoria Owen, and Susan Reilly (Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Saur, 2022), 497-540. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110732009-022
Jaillant, Lise, ed. Archives, Access and Artificial Intelligence: Working with Born-Digital and Digitized Archival Collections. Bielefeld: Bielefeld University Press, 2022. https://tinyurl.com/y6bpddmw
Jha, Sanjay Kumar. "Application of Artificial Intelligence in Libraries and Information Centers Services: Prospects and Challenges." Library Hi Tech News (2023): 40, no. 7 (2023): 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-06-2023-0102
Kaushal, Vaishali, and Rajan Yadav. "The Role of Chatbots in Academic Libraries: An Experience-based Perspective." Journal of the Australian Library and Information Association 71, no. 3 (2022): 215-232. https://doi.org/10.1080/24750158.2022.2106403
Kelly, Paul. "Better Together: Improving the Lives of Metadata Creators with Natural Language Processing." Code4Lib Journal, no. 51 (2021). https://journal.code4lib.org/articles/15946
Kennedy, Mary Lee. "What Do Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Ethics of AI Mean in the Context of Research Libraries?" Research Library Issues, no. 299 (2019): 3-13. https://doi.org/10.29242/rli.299.1
Kirkwood, Hal P. "The Current State of Artificial Intelligence and the Information Profession: Or Do Librarian Droids Dream of Electric Books?" Business Information Review 35, no. 1 (2018): 9-11. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266382118757781
Kraus-Friedberg, Chana. "Interactive Web Column: Machine Learning Algorithms, In and Out of Libraries." Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries 16, no. 3-4 (2019): 111-115. https://doi.org/10.1080/15424065.2019.1700864
Kroski,Ellyssa, ed. Law Librarianship in the Age of AI. Chicago: ALA Editions, 2020. https://www.worldcat.org/title/1111643015
Lappalainen, Yrjo, and Nikesh Narayanan Aisha. "A Custom AI Library Chatbot Using the ChatGPT API." Journal of Web Librarianship (2023): Published online on 6/14/2023. https://doi.org/10.1080/19322909.2023.2221477
Li, Ying. "Design of Library Archives Information Management Systems Based on Artificial Intelligence and Multimedia Technology." International Journal of Information Technologies and Systems Approach 16, no. 3 (2023): 1-17. http://doi.org/10.4018/IJITSA.320234
Lund, Brady D., Isaiah Omame, Solomon Tijani, and Daniel Agbaji. "Perceptions toward Artificial Intelligence among Academic Library Employees and Alignmnet with the Diffusion of Innovations' Adopter Categories." College & Research Libraries, 81, no. 5 (2020): 865-882. https://doi.org/10.5860/crl.81.5.865
Lund, Brady D., and Ting Wang. "Chatting about ChatGPT: How May AI and GPT Impact Academia and Libraries?" Library Hi Tech News 40, no. 3 (2023): 26-29. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-01-2023-0009
Massis, Bruce. "Artificial Intelligence Arrives in the Library." Information and Learning Science 119, no. 7/8 (2018): 456-459. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILS-02-2018-0011
Mckie, Indra Ayu Susan, and Bhuva Narayan. "Enhancing the Academic Library Experience with Chatbots: An Exploration of Research and Implications for Practice." Journal of the Australian Library and Information Association 68, no. 3 (2019): 268-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/24750158.2019.1611694
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About the Author
Charles W. Bailey, Jr. is the publisher of Digital Scholarship and a noncommercial digital artist (ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8453-4402).
Bailey has over 46 years of information technology, digital publishing, and instructional technology experience, including 24 years of managerial experience in academic libraries. From 2004 to 2007, he was the Assistant Dean for Digital Library Planning and Development at the University of Houston Libraries. From 1987 to 2003, he served as Assistant Dean/Director for Systems at the University of Houston Libraries.
Previously, he served as Head, Systems and Research Services at the Health Sciences Library, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Systems Librarian at the Milton S. Eisenhower Library, The Johns Hopkins University; User Documentation Specialist at the OCLC Online Computer Library Center; and Media Library Manager at the Learning Resources Center, SUNY College at Oswego.
Bailey has discussed his career in an interview in Preservation, Digital Technology & Culture. See Bailey’s vita for more details.
Bailey has been an open access publisher for over 34 years. In 1989, Bailey established PACS-L, a discussion list about public-access computers in libraries, and The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, the first open access journal in the field of library and information science. He served as PACS-L Moderator until November 1991 and as Editor-in-Chief of The Public-Access Computer Systems Review until the end of 1996.
In 1990, Bailey and Dana Rooks established Public-Access Computer Systems News, an electronic newsletter, and Bailey co-edited this publication until 1992.
In 1992, he founded the PACS-P mailing list for announcing the publication of selected e-serials, and he moderated this list until 2007.
In 1996, he established the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB), an open access book that was updated 80 times by 2011.
In 2001, he added the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog, which announced relevant new publications, to SEPB. It was published through 2013.
In 2001, he was selected as a team member of Current Cites, and he has was a frequent contributor of reviews to this monthly e-serial until 2020.
In 2005, he published the Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-prints and Open Access Journals with the Association of Research Libraries (also a website).
In 2005, Bailey established Digital Scholarship (http://digital-scholarship.org/), which provides information and commentary about artificial intelligence, digital copyright, digital curation, digital repository, open access, research data management, scholarly communication, and other digital information issues. Digital Scholarship’s digital publications are open access. Its publications are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Digital Scholarship is a noncommercial publisher and it accepts no advertising.
At that time, he also established DigitalKoans, a weblog that covers the same topics as Digital Scholarship. From April 2005 through May 2023, DigitalKoans published over 15,000 posts.
From April 2005 through December 2022, Digital Scholarship had over 39 million page views from over 13 million visitors from 235 countries (excluding spiders and non-content files).
From April 2005 through August 2023, Bailey published the following books and book supplements: the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography: 2008 Annual Edition (2009), Digital Scholarship 2009 (2010), Transforming Scholarly Publishing through Open Access: A Bibliography (2010), the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography 2010 (2011), the Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography 2010 (2011), the Institutional Repository and ETD Bibliography 2011 (2011), the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works (2012), the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement (2013), and the Research Data Curation and Management Bibliography (2021).
He also published and updated the following bibliographies, webliographies, and weblogs: the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (1996-2011), the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (2001-2013), the Electronic Theses and Dissertations Bibliography (2005-2021), the Google Books Bibliography (2005-2011), the Institutional Repository Bibliography (2009-2011), the Open Access Journals Bibliography (2010), the Digital Curation and Preservation Bibliography (2010-2011), the E-science and Academic Libraries Bibliography (2011), the Digital Curation Resource Guide (2012), the Research Data Curation Bibliography (2012-2019), the Altmetrics Bibliography (2013), the Transforming Peer Review Bibliography (2014), the Academic Library as Scholarly Publisher Bibliography (2018-2023), the Research Data Sharing and Reuse Bibliography (2021), the Research Data Publication and Citation Bibliography (2022), Digital Curation Certificate and Master's Degree Programs (2023), the Academic Libraries and Research Data Management Bibliography (2023), and the Artificial Intelligence and Libraries Bibliography (2023).
In 2011, he established the LinkedIn Digital Curation Group.
In 2010, Bailey was given a Best Content by an Individual Award by The Charleston Advisor. In 2003, he was named as one of Library Journals' "Movers & Shakers." In 1993, he was awarded the first LITA/Library Hi Tech Award for Outstanding Communication for Continuing Education in Library and Information Science. In 1992, Bailey received a Network Citizen Award from the Apple Library.
In 1973, Bailey won a Wallace Stevens Poetry Award. He is the author of The Cave of Hypnos: Early Poems, which includes several poems that won that award.
Bailey has written over 30 papers about artificial intelligence, digital copyright, institutional repositories, open access, scholarly communication, and other topics.
He has served on the editorial boards of Information Technology and Libraries, Library Software Review, and Reference Services Review. He was the founding Vice-Chairperson of the LITA Imagineering Interest Group.
Bailey is a digital artist, and he has made over 680 digital artworks freely available on social media sites, such as Flickr, under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial licenses. A list of his artwoks that includes links to high resolution JPEG images on Flickr is available.
He holds master’s degrees in information and library science and instructional media and technology.
You can contact him at: publisher at digital-scholarship.org.
You can follow Bailey at these URLs:
- Digital Artist weblog: https://charleswbaileyjr.name and RSS feed: https://charleswbaileyjr.name/feed
- DigitalKoans weblog: http://digital-scholarship.org/digitalkoans/ and RSS feed: https://digital-scholarship.org/digitalkoans/feed/
- Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/charleswbaileyjr/
Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Artificial Intelligence and Libraries Bibliography (Houston: Digital Scholarship, 2023), https://digital-scholarship.org/ai/ai-libraries.htm.
Bailey, Charles W., Jr. Artificial Intelligence and Libraries Bibliography. Houston: Digital Scholarship, 2023. https://digital-scholarship.org/ai/ai-libraries.htm.
Copyright © 2023 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.