Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

Preserving eBooks

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, E-Books, Publishing, Scholarly Books on July 7th, 2014

The Digital Preservation Coalition has released Preserving eBooks.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Written by Portico's Amy Kirchhoff and Sheila Morrissey, and published in association with Charles Beagrie Ltd., this report discusses the current developments and issues with which public, national and higher education libraries, publishers, aggregators and preservation institutions must contend to ensure long-term access to eBook content.

Digital Scholarship | "A Quarter-Century as an Open Access Publisher"

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    Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 4

    Posted in Bibliographies, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Scholarship Publications, Scholarly Communication on June 23rd, 2014

    Digital Scholarship has released version 4 of the Research Data Curation Bibliography. This selective bibliography includes over 320 English-language articles and technical reports that are useful in understanding the curation of digital research data in academic and other research institutions.

    The "digital curation" concept is still evolving. In "Digital Curation and Trusted Repositories: Steps toward Success," Christopher A. Lee and Helen R. Tibbo define digital curation as follows:

    Digital curation involves selection and appraisal by creators and archivists; evolving provision of intellectual access; redundant storage; data transformations; and, for some materials, a commitment to long-term preservation. Digital curation is stewardship that provides for the reproducibility and re-use of authentic digital data and other digital assets. Development of trustworthy and durable digital repositories; principles of sound metadata creation and capture; use of open standards for file formats and data encoding; and the promotion of information management literacy are all essential to the longevity of digital resources and the success of curation efforts.

    Most sources have been published from January 2009 through June 2014; however, a limited number of earlier key sources are also included.

    The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works. If such versions are unavailable, links to the publishers' descriptions are provided.

    It is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.

    For broader coverage of the digital curation literature, see the author's Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works,which presents over 650 English-language articles, books, and technical reports, and the Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement, which presents over 130 additional sources.

    Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Publications Overview | Sitemap

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      "The ‘Digital’ Scholarship Disconnect"

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Humanities, Emerging Technologies, Research Libraries on June 17th, 2014

      Clifford Lynch has published "The 'Digital' Scholarship Disconnect" in EDUCAUSE Review.

      Here's an excerpt:

      Still, in all of these examples of digital scholarship, a key challenge remains: How can we curate and manage data now that so much of it is being produced and collected in digital form? How can we ensure that it will be discovered, shared, and reused to advance scholarship? We are struggling through the establishment of institutions, funding models, policies and practices, and even new legal requirements and community norms—ranging from cultural changes about who can use data (and when) to economic decisions about who should pay for what. Some disciplines are less contentious than others: for example, astronomy data is technically well-understood and usually not terribly sensitive. Reputation, rather than commercial reward, is wrapped up in astronomical discoveries, and there is no institutional review board to ensure the safety and dignity of astronomical objects. On the other hand, human subjects and their data raise an enormous number of questions about informed consent, privacy, and anonymization; when there are genetic markers or possible treatments to be discovered or validated, serious high-value commercial interests may be at stake. All of these factors tend to work against the free and convenient sharing of data.

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        "The University Library as Incubator for Digital Scholarship"

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Humanities, Emerging Technologies, Research Libraries on June 17th, 2014

        Bryan Sinclair has published "The University Library as Incubator for Digital Scholarship" in EDUCAUSE Review.

        Here's an excerpt:

        The campus of the future will be increasingly connected and collaborative, and the library can be the community center and beta test kitchen for new forms of interdisciplinary inquiry. Libraries have always been in the business of knowledge creation and transfer, and the digital scholarship incubator within the library can serve as a natural extension of this essential function. In an age of visualization, analytics, big data, and new forms of online publishing, these central spaces can facilitate knowledge creation and transfer by connecting people, data, and technology in a shared collaborative space.

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          "Developing a Research Data Management Service—A Case Study"

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Research Libraries on June 5th, 2014

          Jeff Moon has published "Developing a Research Data Management Service—A Case Study" in Partnership.

          Here's an excerpt:

          Publicly-funded, researcher-generated data has been on the front burner lately, driven by a variety of factors, including evolving funding-agency policies and journal publisher requirements. In this context, Queen's University Library (QUL) developed and implemented a Research Data Management (RDM) Service to meet researchers' needs. This process is described here, framed around four main themes: planning, building, educating, and doing.

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            "Research Data Sharing: Developing a Stakeholder-Driven Model for Journal Policies"

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on June 5th, 2014

            Paul Sturges et al. have self-archived "Research Data Sharing: Developing a Stakeholder-Driven Model for Journal Policies."

            Here's an excerpt:

            The Journal Research Data (JoRD) Project was a JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) funded feasibility study on the possible shape of a central service on journal research data policies. The objectives of the study included, amongst other considerations: to identify the current state of journal data sharing policies and to investigate the views and practices of stakeholders to data sharing. The project confirmed that a large percentage of journals do not have a policy on data sharing, and that there are inconsistencies between the traceable journal data sharing policies. Such a state leaves authors unsure of whether they should deposit data relating to articles and where and how to share that data. In the absence of a consolidated infrastructure for the easy sharing of data, a journal data sharing model policy was developed. The model policy was developed from comparing the quantitative information gathered from analysing existing journal data policies with qualitative data collected from the stakeholders concerned. This article summarises the information gathered, outlines the process by which the model was developed and presents the model journal data sharing policy in full.

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              "PLOS Data Policy: Catalyst for a Better Research Process"

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on June 3rd, 2014

              Emma Ganley has published "PLOS Data Policy: Catalyst for a Better Research Process" in College & Research Libraries News.

              Here's an excerpt:

              PLOS is seeking to ensure the ongoing utility of research, as making a paper openly accessible is enhanced enormously if that paper is linked seamlessly to the data from which it was constructed. In a time when post-publication peer review is more prevalent and data frequently come under intense public scrutiny, with whistle-blowers, blogs, and websites dedicated to investigating the validity and veracity of scientific publications, requiring access to the relevant data leads to a more rigorous scientific record.

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                "PyRDM: A Python-Based Library for Automating the Management and Online Publication of Scientific Software And Data"

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on May 30th, 2014

                Christian T. Jacobs et al. have self-archived "PyRDM: A Python-Based Library for Automating the Management and Online Publication of Scientific Software And Data."

                Here's an excerpt:

                The recomputability and reproducibility of results from scientific software requires access to both the source code and all associated input and output data. However, the full collection of these resources often does not accompany the key findings published in journal articles, thereby making it difficult or impossible for the wider scientific community to verify the correctness of a result or to build further research on it. This paper presents a new Python-based library, PyRDM, whose functionality aims to automate the process of sharing the software and data via online, citable repositories such as Figshare. The library is integrated into the workflow of an open-source computational fluid dynamics package, Fluidity, to demonstrate an example of its usage.

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