Archive for the 'Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management' Category

"Analyzing Data Citation Practices According to the Data Citation Index"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on January 27th, 2015

Nicolas Robinson-Garcia et al. have self-archived "Analyzing Data Citation Practices According to the Data Citation Index."

Here's an excerpt:

The findings of this study show that data citation practices are far from common in most research fields. Some differences have been reported on the way researchers cite data: while in the areas of Science and Engineering and Technology data sets were the most cited, in Social Sciences and Arts and Humanities data studies play a greater role. 88.1 percent of the records have received no citations, but some repositories show very low uncitedness rates. While data citation practices are rare in most fields, they have expanded in disciplines such as Crystallography or Genomics. We conclude by emphasizing the role that the DCI could play in encouraging the consistent, standardized citation of research data—a role that would enhance its value as a means of following the research process from data collection to publication.

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    "Digital Forensics on A Shoestring: A Case Study from the University of Victoria"

    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on January 22nd, 2015

    John Durno and Jerry Trofimchuk have published "Digital Forensics on A Shoestring: A Case Study from the University of Victoria" in Code4Lib Journal.

    Here's an excerpt:

    While much has been written on the increasing importance of digital forensics in archival workflows, most of the literature focuses on theoretical issues or establishing best practices in the abstract. Where case studies exist, most have been written from the perspective of larger organizations with well-resourced digital forensics facilities. However organizations of any size are increasingly likely to receive donations of born-digital material on outdated media, and a need exists for more modest solutions to the problem of acquiring and preserving their contents. This case study outlines the development of a small-scale digital forensics program at the University of Victoria using inexpensive components and open source software, funded by a $2000 research grant from the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL).

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      Policy Recommendations for Open Access to Research Data

      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Reports and White Papers on January 20th, 2015

      The RECODE project has released Policy Recommendations for Open Access to Research Data.

      Here's an excerpt:

      These policy recommendations are targeted at key stakeholders in the scholarly communication ecosystem, namely research funders, research institutions, data managers, and publishers. They will assist each of the stakeholders in furthering the goals of open access to research data by providing both over-arching and stakeholder-specific recommendations. These function, as suggestions to address and attend to central issues that RECODE identified through the research work.

      The current report thus comprises:

      • summary of project findings
      • overarching recommendations
      • targeted policy recommendations for funders, research institutions, data managers, and publishers
      • practical guides for developing policies for funders, research institutions, data managers, and publishers
      • resources to expedite the process of policy development and implementation among stakeholders

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        "Building Data Services from the Ground Up: Strategies and Resources"

        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on January 19th, 2015

        Heather L. Coates has published "Building Data Services from the Ground Up: Strategies and Resources" in the Journal of eScience Librarianship.

        Here's an excerpt:

        There is a scarcity of practical guidance for developing data services in an academic library. Data services, like many areas of research, require the expertise and resources of teams spanning many disciplines. While library professionals are embedded into the teaching activities of our institutions, fewer of us are embedded in research activities occurring across the full life cycle. The significant challenges of managing, preserving, and sharing data for reuse demand that we take a more active role. Providing support for funder data management plans is just one option in the data services landscape. Awareness of the institutional and library culture in which we operate places an emphasis on the importance of relationships. Understanding the various cultures in which our researchers operate is crucial for delivering data services that are relevant and utilized. The goal of this article is to guide data specialists through this landscape by providing key resources and strategies for developing locally relevant services and by pointing to active communities of librarians and researchers tackling the challenges associated with digital research data.

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          "Research Data Management and Libraries: Relationships, Activities, Drivers and Influences"

          Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management on December 12th, 2014

          Stephen Pinfield, Andrew M. Cox, and Jen Smith have published "Research Data Management and Libraries: Relationships, Activities, Drivers and Influences " in PLOS ONE.

          Here's an excerpt:

          This paper analyses the contribution of academic libraries to research data management (RDM) in the wider institutional context. In particular it: examines the roles and relationships involved in RDM, identifies the main components of an RDM programme, evaluates the major drivers for RDM activities, and analyses the key factors influencing the shape of RDM developments. The study is written from the perspective of library professionals, analysing data from 26 semi-structured interviews of library staff from different UK institutions. This is an early qualitative contribution to the topic complementing existing quantitative and case study approaches. Results show that although libraries are playing a significant role in RDM, there is uncertainty and variation in the relationship with other stakeholders such as IT services and research support offices. Current emphases in RDM programmes are on developments of policies and guidelines, with some early work on technology infrastructures and support services. Drivers for developments include storage, security, quality, compliance, preservation, and sharing with libraries associated most closely with the last three. The paper also highlights a 'jurisdictional' driver in which libraries are claiming a role in this space. A wide range of factors, including governance, resourcing and skills, are identified as influencing ongoing developments. From the analysis, a model is constructed designed to capture the main aspects of an institutional RDM programme. This model helps to clarify the different issues involved in RDM, identifying layers of activity, multiple stakeholders and drivers, and a large number of factors influencing the implementation of any initiative. Institutions may usefully benchmark their activities against the data and model in order to inform ongoing RDM activity.

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            iPres 2014: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Digital Preservation

            Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 12th, 2014

            The International Conference on Digital Preservation has released iPres 2014: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Digital Preservation.

            Here's an excerpt:

            Papers covered a wide array of preservation topics including migration and emulation, file format management, registries and linked data, funding models, education and training, personal archiving and software-based art, web archiving, metadata and persistent identifiers.

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              2014 Open Data Index

              Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access on December 10th, 2014

              Open Knowledge has published the 2014 Open Data Index.

              Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

              The Index ranks countries based on the availability and accessibility of information in ten key areas, including government spending, election results, transport timetables, and pollution levels.

              The UK topped the 2014 Index retaining its pole position with an overall score of 96%, closely followed by Denmark and then France at number 3 up from 12th last year. Finland comes in 4th while Australia and New Zealand share the 5th place. Impressive results were seen from India at #10 (up from #27) and Latin American countries like Colombia and Uruguay who came in joint 12th.

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                The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition)

                Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation on December 5th, 2014

                The Digital Preservation Coalition has released The Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model: Introductory Guide (2nd Edition).

                Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                Emphasising its flexibility and conceptual nature, the report describes the OAIS, its core principles and functional elements, as well as the information model which support long-term preservation, access and understandability of data – highlighting the in-built level of abstraction which makes it such a widely applicable foundation resource for digital preservation.

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                  Fedora 4 Production Release

                  Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Digital Repositories, Fedora, Institutional Repositories, Open Access, Open Source Software on December 5th, 2014

                  The international Fedora repository community and DuraSpace have released the Fedora 4 production release.

                  Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

                  This significant release signals the effectiveness of an international and complex community source project in delivering a modern repository platform with features that meet or exceed current use cases in the management of institutional digital assets. Fedora 4 features include vast improvements in scalability, linked data capabilities, research data support, modularity, ease of use and more.

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                    "Ensuring Research Integrity: The Role of Data Management in Current Crises"

                    Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Research Libraries on December 4th, 2014

                    Heather Coates has published Ensuring Research Integrity: The Role of Data Management in Current Crises in College & Research Libraries News.

                    Here's an excerpt:

                    Acknowledging responsible data management as foundational for research integrity is not sufficient. We need to value the processes and products of research equally by: 1) creating incentives for responsible management of data, 2) developing standards and practices for peer review that balance evaluation of methodological quality and research integrity with potential impact, and 3) carefully considering the resources necessary to responsibly manage and preserve newly created data for five-to-ten years after publication.

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                      "Nevermind the Data, Where Are the Protocols?"

                      Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science on November 19th, 2014

                      David Crotty has published "Nevermind the Data, Where Are the Protocols?" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

                      This is more complicated than you might think. The smallest variations in technique or reagents can lead to major differences in results. The scant information offered by most journals' Materials and Methods sections makes replication fairly impossible. Often when describing a technique, an author will merely cite a previous paper where they used that technique…which also cites a previous paper, which also cites a previous paper and the wild goose chase is on. Methodologies evolve over time, and even if you can track down the original source of the technique, it likely has changed a great deal over the years.

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                        Open Science Commons

                        Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Science on November 13th, 2014

                        The European Grid Infrastructure has released Open Science Commons.

                        Here's an excerpt:

                        With this paper, the European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) proposes the Open Science Commons as a new approach to digital research, tackling policy challenges and embracing open science as a new paradigm for knowledge creation and collaboration. EGI invites organisations from the research landscape to join it in this journey to develop these concepts, and through them to advance the implementation of the European Research Area.

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