Archive for the 'Emerging Technologies' Category

"The Fundamental Problem Blocking Open Access and How to Overcome It: The Bitviews Project"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Open Access, Publishing, Scholarly Books, Scholarly Journals on November 22nd, 2019

Camillo Lamanna and Manfredi La Mannahave published "The Fundamental Problem Blocking Open Access and How to Overcome It: The Bitviews Project" in Insights.

Here's an excerpt:

In our view the fundamental obstacle to open access (OA) is the lack of any incentive-based mechanism that unbundles authors' accepted manuscripts (AMs) from articles (VoRs). The former can be seen as the public good that ought to be openly accessible, whereas the latter is owned by publishers and rightly paywall-restricted. We propose one such mechanism to overcome this obstacle: BitViews. BitViews is a blockchain-based application that aims to revolutionize the OA publishing ecosystem. Currently, the main academic currency of value is the citation. There have been attempts in the past to create a second currency whose measure is the online usage of research materials (e.g. PIRUS). However, these have failed due to two problems. Firstly, it has been impossible to find a single agency willing to co-ordinate and fund the validation and collation of global online usage data. Secondly, online usage metrics have lacked transparency in how they filter non-human online activity. BitViews is a novel solution which uses blockchain technology to bypass both problems: online AMS usage will be recorded on a public, distributed ledger, obviating the need for a central responsible agency, and the rules governing activity-filtering will be part of the open-source BitViews blockchain application, creating complete transparency. Once online AMS usage has measurable value, researchers will be incentivized to promote and disseminate AMs. This will fundamentally re-orient the academic publishing ecosystem. A key feature of BitViews is that its success (or failure) is wholly and exclusively in the hands of the worldwide community of university and research libraries, as we suggest that it ought to be financed by conditional crowdfunding, whereby the actual financial commitment of each contributing library depends on the total amount raised. If the financing target is not reached, then all contributions are returned in full and if the target is over-fulfilled, then the surplus is returned pro rata.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 10 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"A Comparison of Immersive Realities and Interaction Methods: Cultural Learning in Virtual Heritage"

Posted in Emerging Technologies on September 27th, 2019

Mafkereseb Kassahun Bekele and Erik Champion have published "A Comparison of Immersive Realities and Interaction Methods: Cultural Learning in Virtual Heritage" in Frontiers in Robotics and AI.

Here's an excerpt:

In recent years, Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Virtuality (AV), and Mixed Reality (MxR) have become popular immersive reality technologies for cultural knowledge dissemination in Virtual Heritage (VH). . . . In this regard, our paper attempts to compare the existing immersive reality technologies and interaction methods against their potential to enhance cultural learning in VH applications. To objectify the comparison, three factors have been borrowed from existing scholarly arguments in the Cultural Heritage (CH) domain. These factors are the technology's or the interaction method's potential and/or demonstrated capability to: (1) establish a contextual relationship between users, virtual content, and cultural context, (2) allow collaboration between users, and (3) enable engagement with the cultural context in the virtual environments and the virtual environment itself. Following the comparison, we have also proposed a specific integration of collaborative and multimodal interaction methods into a Mixed Reality (MxR) scenario that can be applied to VH applications that aim at enhancing cultural learning in situ.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 10 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Google May Have Taken First Step Towards Quantum Computing ‘Supremacy’"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Techie on September 24th, 2019

https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/23/google-quantum-supremacy/

"You Won’t See Quantum Internet Coming"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Techie on August 21st, 2019

https://gizmodo.com/you-wont-see-quantum-internet-coming-1836888027

Share–Publish–Store–Preserve. Methodologies, Tools and Challenges for 3D Use in Social Sciences and Humanities

Posted in Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on June 20th, 2019

Anas Alaoui M'Darhri et al. have self-archived "Share–Publish–Store–Preserve. Methodologies, Tools and Challenges for 3D Use in Social Sciences and Humanities."

Here's an excerpt:

Through this White Paper, which gathers contributions from experts of 3D data as well as professionals concerned with the interoperability and sustainability of 3D research data, the PARTHENOS project aims at highlighting some of the current issues they have to face, with possible specific points according to the discipline, and potential practices and methodologies to deal with these issues. During the workshop, several tools to deal with these issues have been introduced and confronted with the participants experiences, this White Paper now intends to go further by also integrating participants feedbacks and suggestions of potential improvements. Therefore, even if the focus is put on specific tools, the main goal is to contribute to the development of standardized good practices related to the sharing, publication, storage and long-term preservation of 3D data.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Exclusive: Banks to Invest around $50 Million in Digital Cash Settlement Project"

Posted in Emerging Technologies on May 20th, 2019

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-banks-blockchain-exclusive/exclusive-banks-to-invest-around-50-million-in-digital-cash-settlement-project-sources-idUSKCN1SM2U0

EDUCAUSE Horizon Report: 2019 Higher Education Edition

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers on April 25th, 2019

EDUCAUSE has released EDUCAUSE Horizon Report: 2019 Higher Education Edition .

Here's an excerpt:

This report profiles six key trends, six significant challenges, and six developments in educational technology for higher education. These three sections of this report constitute a reference and technology planning guide for educators, higher education leaders, administrators, policymakers, and technologists.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"The Cornwall a-book: An Augmented Travel Guide Using Next Generation Paper"

Posted in E-Books, Emerging Technologies, Publishing on April 15th, 2019

David M. Frohlich et al. have published "The Cornwall a-book: An Augmented Travel Guide Using Next Generation Paper" in the Journal of Electronic Publishing.

Here's an excerpt:

Electronic publishing usually presents readers with book or e-book options for reading on paper or screen. In this paper, we introduce a third method of reading on paper-and-screen through the use of an augmented book ('a-book') with printed hotlinks than can be viewed on a nearby smartphone or other device. Two experimental versions of an augmented guide to Cornwall are shown using either optically recognised pages or embedded electronics making the book sensitive to light and touch. We refer to these as second generation (2G) and third generation (3G) paper respectively. A common architectural framework, authoring workflow and interaction model is used for both technologies, enabling the creation of two future generations of augmented books with interactive features and content. In the travel domain we use these features creatively to illustrate the printed book with local multimedia and updatable web media, to point to the printed pages from the digital content, and to record personal and web media into the book.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

University of Nevada, Reno: "University Libraries Using Virtual Reality Technology to Preserve the Past"

Posted in Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Emerging Technologies, Research Libraries on March 29th, 2019

https://www.unr.edu/nevada-today/news/2019/virtual-reality-technology-to-preserve-the-past

"Blockchain for the Book Biz: The Hype vs. the Reality"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Publishing on March 25th, 2019

https://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/digital/content-and-e-books/article/79626-blockchain-for-the-book-biz-the-hype-vs-the-reality.html

Paywall Article: "Collecting Virtual and Augmented Reality in the Twenty-First Century Library"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Research Libraries on March 22nd, 2019

https://doi.org/10.1080/01462679.2019.1587673

3D/VR in the Academic Library: Emerging Practices and Trends

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on February 27th, 2019

CLIR has released 3D/VR in the Academic Library: Emerging Practices and Trends.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The volume seeks to prompt greater awareness for library professionals as they develop programs that use 3D and VR technologies and work to integrate changing scholarly demands and conventions with existing library services and policies. Eight chapters contributed by experts in a variety of fields cover 3D content creation, VR visualization and analysis, 3D/VR-based educational deployment, and 3D/VR data curation, providing a snapshot of professional objectives and workflows that have developed around 3D/VR. Together, the chapters highlight three critical approaches for librarians and digital curators to consider as they use 3D/VR to support their communities: (1) treat the academic outputs that use 3D/VR as scholarly products; (2) build a 3D/VR scholarly community to support knowledge exchange across a range of stakeholder groups; and (3) develop technical tools, training, and infrastructure to support a 3D/VR research ecosystem.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Will Blockchain Revolutionize Scholarly Journal Publishing?"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Publishing, Scholarly Books, Scholarly Journals on November 14th, 2018

https://www.chronicle.com/article/Will-Blockchain-Revolutionize/245073

"What is WiGig, and How Is It Different From Wi-Fi 6?"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Standards, Techie on October 23rd, 2018

https://www.howtogeek.com/371328/what-is-wigig-and-how-is-it-different-from-wi-fi-6/

Virtual Reality in Academic Health Sciences Library: A Primer

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Libraries on October 19th, 2018

https://hsl.uw.edu/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/UWHSL_VirtualRealityInAcademicHealthSciencesLibraries_pages.pdf

"Actors Are Digitally Preserving Themselves to Continue Their Careers Beyond the Grave"

Posted in Digital Culture, Emerging Technologies on October 17th, 2018

https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612291/actors-are-digitally-preserving-themselves-to-continue-their-careers-beyond-the-grave/

Paywall Article: "Blockchain for Research: Review"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Publishing on October 10th, 2018

https://doi.org/10.1002/leap.1182

"Wi-Fi 6: What’s Different, and Why it Matters"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Standards, Techie on October 8th, 2018

https://www.howtogeek.com/368332/wi-fi-6-what's-different-and-why-it-matters/

Current Cites (September 2018)

Posted in Copyright, Emerging Technologies, Open Access, Privacy on October 1st, 2018

http://currentcites.org/2018/cc18.29.9.html

Search Results Ranking Using Machine-Learning Algorithms: "Best Match: New Relevance Search for PubMed"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Digital Repositories, Emerging Technologies, Google and Other Search Engines on August 30th, 2018

Nicolas Fiorini et al. have published "Best Match: New Relevance Search for PubMed" in PLOS Biology.

Here's an excerpt:

PubMed is a free search engine for biomedical literature accessed by millions of users from around the world each day. With the rapid growth of biomedical literature—about two articles are added every minute on average—finding and retrieving the most relevant papers for a given query is increasingly challenging. We present Best Match, a new relevance search algorithm for PubMed that leverages the intelligence of our users and cutting-edge machine-learning technology as an alternative to the traditional date sort order. The Best Match algorithm is trained with past user searches with dozens of relevance-ranking signals (factors), the most important being the past usage of an article, publication date, relevance score, and type of article. This new algorithm demonstrates state-of-the-art retrieval performance in benchmarking experiments as well as an improved user experience in real-world testing (over 20% increase in user click-through rate). Since its deployment in June 2017, we have observed a significant increase (60%) in PubMed searches with relevance sort order: it now assists millions of PubMed searches each week. In this work, we hope to increase the awareness and transparency of this new relevance sort option for PubMed users, enabling them to retrieve information more effectively.

Academic Library as Scholarly Publisher Bibliography | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Guest Post: The Time for Open and Interoperable Annotation is Now"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Metadata on August 29th, 2018

https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2018/08/28/all-about-open-annotation/

Horizon Report 2018 Higher Education Edition

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Emerging Technologies, Open Access on August 16th, 2018

EDUCAUSE has released the Horizon Report 2018 Higher Education Edition.

Here's an excerpt:

The Horizon Report highlights six trends, six challenges, and six developments relating to educational technology and practices that are likely to enter mainstream use within their focus sectors over the next five years (2018–22).

Academic Library as Scholarly Publisher Bibliography | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Blockchain Gains Currency in Higher Ed"

Posted in Emerging Technologies, Security on August 16th, 2018

https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/08/13/rising-profile-blockchain-academe

Intel’s 32 Terabyte Ruler SSD: "World’s Densest, Totally Silent Solid State Drive"

Posted in Emerging Technologies on August 10th, 2018

https://newsroom.intel.com/news/worlds-densest-totally-silent-solid-state-drive/

"661Tbps through a Single Optical Fiber: The Mind Boggles"

Posted in Emerging Technologies on August 2nd, 2018

https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/08/661tbits-through-a-single-optical-fiber-the-mind-boggles/


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