As the SPARC Europe Communication and Engagement Leader, you will work closely with the SPARC Europe Director and with the Open Education Community Manager. You are responsible for effectively communicating and engaging on important Open Science and Open Education to a range of stakeholders to support our change efforts.
For more than ten years, re3data, a global registry of research data repositories (RDRs), has been helping scientists, funding agencies, libraries, and data centers with finding, identifying, and referencing RDRs. As the world’s largest directory of RDRs, re3data currently describes over 3,000 RDRs on the basis of a comprehensive metadata schema. The service allows searching for RDRs of any type and from all disciplines, and users can filter results based on a wide range of characteristics. The re3data RDR descriptions are available as Open Data accessible through an API and are utilized by numerous Open Science services. re3data is engaged in various initiatives and projects concerning data management and is mentioned in the policies of many scientific institutions, funding organizations, and publishers. This article reflects on the ten-year experience of running re3data and discusses ten key issues related to the management of an Open Science service that caters to RDRs worldwide.
This position leads efforts related to the creation and improvement of metadata for electronic resources, including individual and package subscriptions, e-books, demand driven acquisitions, open access resources, streaming resources, and continuing resources. This position will work closely with colleagues in the departments of Metadata Services and Acquisitions and Collections in order to ensure that Clemson University Libraries maintain an accurate and accessible inventory of its substantial collection of electronic resources, including work related to batch loads, data normalization, and other bibliographic maintenance needs.
Software is increasingly acknowledged as valid research output. Academic libraries adapt to this change to become research software-ready. Software publication and citation are key areas in this endeavor. We present and discuss the current state of the practice of software publication and software citation, and discuss four areas of activity that libraries engage in: (1) technical infrastructure, (2) training and support, (3) software management and curation, (4) policies.
Comprising 22 libraries, the UC Berkeley Library has one of the world’s most comprehensive academic research collections, from the trove of primary documents chronicling the West at Bancroft Library, to the collaborative and innovative spaces at the Moffitt Library, to the vast and unparalleled collections at Doe Library — a beacon of information standing in the shadow of the iconic Campanile. Together, these libraries help sustain UC Berkeley as a leading producer of knowledge. The Library holds more than 13 million volumes in its world-renowned collections. Materials include paintings, lithographs, papyri, audio and video recordings, and ephemera such as leaflets from the Free Speech Movement, a note from Helen Keller to Mark Twain in honor of his 70th birthday, and vintage costumes worn by Berkeley’s beloved mascot, Oski. The Center for Connected Learning, a "collider space" where students will have access to one-stop consultation on retrieval, evaluation, and use of advanced information resources and will acquire skills required for 21st century information literacy will soon be open in Moffitt Library.
Data management plans (DMPs) have become nearly a worldwide requirement for research funding. To meet these new funding agency expectations, information professionals across domains and the world have worked to create resources and services to successfully implement and sometimes assess DMPs. This essay presents a series of case studies from different institutions across the globe to highlight current practices and share recommendations for future work. A summary of various projects related to DMP implementation, assessment, and evaluation in different contexts provides a useful overview of current practices. The essay concludes with recommendations for practical oversight and scoring to improve DMPs’ utility in enabling the sharing of data.
When Omeka S appeared as a beta release in 2016, it offered the opportunity for researchers or larger organizations to publish multiple Omeka sites from the same installation. Multisite functionality was and continues to be a major advance for what had become the premiere platform for scholarly digital exhibits produced by libraries, museums, researchers, and students. However, while geared to larger institutional contexts, Omeka S poses some user experience challenges on the back end for larger organizations with numerous users creating different sites. These challenges include a "cluttered" effect for many users seeing resources they do not need to access and data integrity challenges due to the possibility of users editing resources that other users need in their current state. The University of Illinois Library, drawing on two local use cases as well as two additional external use cases, developed the Teams module to address these challenges. This article describes the needs leading to the decision to create the module, the project requirement gathering process, and the implementation and ongoing development of Teams. The module and findings are likely to be of interest to other institutions adopting Omeka S but also, more generally, to libraries seeking to contribute successfully to larger open-source initiatives.
The Associate Library Director for Systems and Technical Services is responsible for library technology and digital strategies and will have knowledge of technological trends in research and learning in the academic library setting. The Associate Director is directly responsible for electronic resources management and supervises staff in the areas of acquisitions, cataloging and metadata, resource sharing, library systems, and digital initiatives. This position collaborates with University colleagues to determine how the Library can best support current, new, and emerging research and library applications and knowledge systems that will advance the University’s vision, mission and strategic plan.
This article examines the proposed artificial intelligence policies of the USA, UK, European Union, Canada, and China, and their implications for libraries. . . . The article highlights key themes in these policies, including ethics, transparency, the balance between innovation and regulation, and data privacy. It also identifies areas for improvement, such as the need for specific guidelines on mitigating biases in artificial intelligence systems and navigating data privacy issues. The article further provides practical recommendations for libraries to engage with these policies and develop best practices for artificial intelligence use.
The ideal candidate understands website design, support, and management, and has experience with Springshare’s LibGuides content management system. With the Associate Dean of the Library, and working collaboratively with librarians and staff, this new position will be responsible for the support and enhancement of the library’s web presence and for the planning and implementation of website improvements and upgrades that will enhance the end-user’s library experience.
FOLIO, an open source library services platform, does not have a front end patron interface for searching and using library materials. Any library installing FOLIO will need at least one other software to perform those functions. This article evaluates which systems, in a limited marketplace, are available for academic libraries to use with FOLIO.
The Systems Librarian primarily serves as lead administrator for the library services platform, discovery system, information management systems, and digital asset management systems, leading configuration, user administration, and policy creation across teams. This position also oversees digitization projects and contributes to information literacy instruction and research/reference services.
Large language models (LLMs) have transformed the largest web search engines: for over ten years, public expectations of being able to search on meaning rather than just keywords have become increasingly realised. Expectations are now moving further: from a search query generating a list of "ten blue links" to producing an answer to a question, complete with citations.
This article describes a proof-of-concept that applies the latest search technology to library collections by implementing a semantic search across a collection of 45,000 newspaper articles from the National Library of Australia’s Trove repository, and using OpenAI’s ChatGPT4 API to generate answers to questions on that collection that include source article citations. It also describes some techniques used to scale semantic search to a collection of 220 million articles.
Gold open access publisher Frontiers has announced its first consortium partnership in North America with the University of California (UC). The one-year agreement will also pilot a novel partnership model: UC will receive unlimited publishing in 20 specified Frontiers journals for a pre-agreed annual flat fee.
The eligible journals have been selected by UC from Frontiers’ Humanities and Social Sciences and Sustainability titles as being from underrepresented and under-funded disciplines. The deal will allow corresponding UC authors at any of the University of California’s 10 campuses, including the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), to publish in these journals without limit and without APC.
Windows Server Administration/Virtual Server Administration: Administers Microsoft Windows and VMware vSphere servers supported by ADS. Servers include networked storage and backup services, application server, installation servers, security system (Schneider), ASRS cluster and other Windows servers of importance to the Library as assigned. Supports both stand-alone and virtualized servers. Works closely with Integrated Library Systems staff. Supports platform for products being tested and developed for the next generation ILS (OLE).
The Program Officer for Sustainable Digital Infrastructures will be responsible for supporting Educopia’s portfolio of research, consulting, and community cultivation as it pertains to sustainable digital infrastructures. This portfolio includes capacity building and community development for the MetaArchive Cooperative, leading multi-organizational research projects that take a collective impact approach to field level digital sustainability and infrastructure challenges, and providing expert consultation to partners seeking support for their digital curation efforts (e.g., program evaluation, collections surveys, policy development, systems & interoperability mapping, sustainability planning, etc.).
In the Center’s new survey, about half or more of those who have heard of ChatGPT say chatbots will have a major impact on software engineers (56%), graphic designers (54%) and journalists (52%) over the next 20 years. Smaller shares think chatbots will have a major effect on teachers (44%) or lawyers (31%).
But Americans are less likely to think chatbots will impact their own job. Some 19% of employed adults who have heard of ChatGPT think chatbots will have a major impact on their job. Another 36% say it will have a minor impact and 27% expect no impact at all.
ASU Library is recruiting a Data Science specialist to join the Unit for Data Science and Analytics within the Engagement and Learning Services Directorate, and who will report to the unit Head. The Data Science specialist will play a unique and pivotal role in student, faculty, and staffs’ understanding of current data science concepts and topics, methodologies, and tools through mentorship, projects, webinars, and workshops. They will collaborate with other team members, along with internal stakeholders across the library and university, and potentially with external stakeholders, to develop a program of engagement, outreach, and support for the ASU community; and to contribute to the advancement of data literacy and research.
Designed to enable rapid benchmarking of an organization’s digital preservation capability, the DPC RAM is a digital preservation maturity modelling tool which is applicable for organizations of any size in any sector, and for all content of long-term value.
The post offers the opportunity to join our Library Research Support team at an exciting moment in the changing landscape of scholarly communications. You will work with the team to promote open research and implement relevant policies and procedures, providing specialist support and advice in research data management and in the day to day operation of the services, which also include open access publication and digital scholarship support.
To increase transparency in science, some scholarly journals are publishing peer review reports. But it is unclear how this practice affects the peer review process. Here, we examine the effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals involved in a pilot study at Elsevier. By considering 9,220 submissions and 18,525 reviews from 2010 to 2017, we measured changes both before and during the pilot and found that publishing reports did not significantly compromise referees’ willingness to review, recommendations, or turn-around times. Younger and non-academic scholars were more willing to accept to review and provided more positive and objective recommendations. Male referees tended to write more constructive reports during the pilot. Only 8.1% of referees agreed to reveal their identity in the published report. These findings suggest that open peer review does not compromise the process, at least when referees are able to protect their anonymity.
The Scholarly Communications, Research and Instruction Librarian is responsible for developing and delivering information literacy instruction, research support, and other programming related to scholarly publishing. . . . This position will serve as the primary library liaison to faculty and students within the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines. The successful candidate will provide outreach and education around scholarly digital publishing issues including Open Education Resources, Open Access Publishing, and citation metrics. In addition, this position will help design and conduct assessment of University Libraries’ instructional design efforts and multimodal activities.
Jupyter notebooks facilitate the bundling of executable code with its documentation and output in one interactive environment, and they represent a popular mechanism to document and share computational workflows. The reproducibility of computational aspects of research is a key component of scientific reproducibility but has not yet been assessed at scale for Jupyter notebooks associated with biomedical publications. We address computational reproducibility at two levels: First, using fully automated workflows, we analyzed the computational reproducibility of Jupyter notebooks related to publications indexed in PubMed Central. We identified such notebooks by mining the articles full text, locating them on GitHub and re-running them in an environment as close to the original as possible. We documented reproduction success and exceptions and explored relationships between notebook reproducibility and variables related to the notebooks or publications. Second, this study represents a reproducibility attempt in and of itself, using essentially the same methodology twice on PubMed Central over two years. Out of 27271 notebooks from 2660 GitHub repositories associated with 3467 articles, 22578 notebooks were written in Python, including 15817 that had their dependencies declared in standard requirement files and that we attempted to re-run automatically. For 10388 of these, all declared dependencies could be installed successfully, and we re-ran them to assess reproducibility. Of these, 1203 notebooks ran through without any errors, including 879 that produced results identical to those reported in the original notebook and 324 for which our results differed from the originally reported ones. Running the other notebooks resulted in exceptions. We zoom in on common problems, highlight trends and discuss potential improvements to Jupyter-related workflows associated with biomedical publications.
The Jupyter Notebook is an interactive computing environment that enables users to author notebook documents that include code, interactive widgets, plots, narrative text, equations, images and even video! The Jupyter name comes from 3 programming languages: Julia, Python, and R. It is a popular tool for literate programming. Donald Knuth first defined literate programming as a script, notebook, or computational document that contains an explanation of the program logic in a natural language (e.g. English or Mandarin), interspersed with snippets of macros and source code, which can be compiled and rerun. You can think of it as an executable paper!
Reporting to the Head of Special Collections, the Open Scholarship Librarian provides leadership in identifying, developing, and coordinating services and programs to support campus awareness of and participation in the evolving scholarly landscape. Particular emphasis is on open access, author rights, copyright, fair use, and digital rights and access. The position will be responsible for maintaining awareness of national and international publishing trends, intellectual property rights, and copyright that affect access to scholarly information, including researchers’ output. The position will provide vision and planning for the library’s institutional repository and will promote its digital publishing use for faculty, staff, and students, including seeking out and maintaining partnerships across campus.
The Washington University Libraries were awarded a two-year grant by the Mellon Foundation to support an exploration of essential questions surrounding the acquisition, discoverability, preservation, and use of born-digital poetry collections. The $250,000 award will enable the University Libraries to develop online resources and systems to process, preserve, and steward the collections of a new generation of digital-native poets. . . .
The first of its kind to focus on issues of acquisition, preservation, and wider access to born-digital materials, the project will process a wide range of digital materials from the archive of poet and academic Mary Jo Bang. Consequently, the project will eventually make it possible for students and researchers to access born-digital collections and gain a better understanding and insight into the unprecedented ways in which poetry is created in a digital era. The project also aims to lay the foundation for new benchmarks and guidelines on preservation and access to born-digital archives at libraries and museums and for personal poetry archives.