The Digital Archivist will assume responsibility for born-digital collections and establish strategy, policies, and procedures for acquiring, appraising, accessioning, arranging, describing, preserving, and providing access to borndigital archival materials. The Digital Archivist may also provide expertise for digitization projects of analog archival and Special Collections materials.
Michigan State University Libraries seeks a creative and collaborative professional who has a keen interest in and a passion for comics to serve as the Comic Studies Librarian. The ideal candidate will be a self-directed individual who can cultivate relationships and partnerships to shape the comic collection and further strengthen one of the largest publicly accessible collections of comic books, ephemera, and related materials in the world.
Reporting to the Director for Content Services, the Cataloging and Digital Projects Librarian serves as the primary metadata specialist for the Libraries’ CONTENTdm digital collections, working collaboratively with the department head, the Digital Services Department, the Special Collections Division, and other staff in Content Services to complete individual projects. The librarian also collaborates with the Office of Scholarly Communications and User Services to create metadata for University of Arkansas Department of Music concert recordings in the ScholarWorks (Digital Commons) institutional repository. The librarian harvests ScholarWorks metadata for graduate theses and dissertations for import into WorldCat and Alma. The librarian creates metadata for other types of digital projects and collections as needed and performs original and complex copy cataloging for media materials in a variety of formats.
The Associate Director has responsibility for guiding DSG’s research and development projects in ways that balance external funding requirements, the pace of our collaborative partners, and our own internal balance of activities and responsibilities. This position oversees the work of DSG’s developers and analysts on design and implementation of digital research projects, and ensures strong communication and documentation practices within the group. Working closely with other DSG and library staff, faculty collaborators, and students, this position leads the creation and use of digital archives and exhibits using our WordPress-based publication platform and the array of resources it draws upon including Wikipedia, Wikidata, Knightlab tools, and digital repositories within and beyond Northeastern.
The LANL Research Library (RL) seeks an Electronic Resources Librarian (Library Professional 1/2) to be an expert in the electronic resources lifecycle and find creative ways to maximize the impact of subscription and open access content to meet LANL’s mission of solving national security challenges through scientific excellence. The Electronic Resources Librarian plays a crucial role in providing online user access to RL resources, including the maintenance and troubleshooting of electronic resource holdings and access, supporting online access and virtual user experience, monitoring and troubleshooting integrations with the Alma Library Services Platform (LSP), gathering usage statistics and assessing e-resources.
Elizabeth Kiscaden, MLIS, AHIP, has been named dean and university librarian of the University of Cincinnati Libraries, effective Aug. 14, pending approval by the UC Board of Trustees.
Kiscaden currently serves as university librarian and assistant vice provost of library services at Creighton University. While at Creighton, she has worked to modernize legacy library systems and infrastructure to support an anytime, anywhere, any device philosophy and is overseeing the development of a single library enterprise, bringing together campus and health sciences libraries.
Under general direction, the incumbent will have research informationist responsibilities, providing information management and curation support in the Ferguson laboratory and its collaborating labs within the Brain and Spinal Injury Center at UCSF.
Artificial intelligence (AI) researchers have been developing and refining large language models (LLMs) that exhibit remarkable capabilities across a variety of domains and tasks, challenging our understanding of learning and cognition. The latest model developed by OpenAI, GPT-4, was trained using an unprecedented scale of compute and data. In this paper, we report on our investigation of an early version of GPT-4, when it was still in active development by OpenAI. We contend that (this early version of) GPT-4 is part of a new cohort of LLMs (along with ChatGPT and Google’s PaLM for example) that exhibit more general intelligence than previous AI models. We discuss the rising capabilities and implications of these models. We demonstrate that, beyond its mastery of language, GPT-4 can solve novel and difficult tasks that span mathematics, coding, vision, medicine, law, psychology and more, without needing any special prompting. Moreover, in all of these tasks, GPT-4’s performance is strikingly close to human-level performance, and often vastly surpasses prior models such as ChatGPT. Given the breadth and depth of GPT-4’s capabilities, we believe that it could reasonably be viewed as an early (yet still incomplete) version of an artificial general intelligence (AGI) system. In our exploration of GPT-4, we put special emphasis on discovering its limitations, and we discuss the challenges ahead for advancing towards deeper and more comprehensive versions of AGI, including the possible need for pursuing a new paradigm that moves beyond next-word prediction. We conclude with reflections on societal influences of the recent technological leap and future research directions.
The Digital Collections Librarian/Archivist will be responsible for developing and maintaining digital collections, and participating in the day-to-day work of Special Collections & Archives, including providing reference services and research support, as well as teaching with SCA collections and in the Loyola First Year Seminar program.
Plan E for Education is my proposal that a proportion of the educational resources generated in publicly funded universities be made freely available for sharing and use by others. Thus, high quality education, produced through public funding, could be made available to other universities and individual autodidacts and for the development of innovative educational delivery methods. This would be the educational equivalent of initiatives that require publicly funded research to be published in open access journals or platforms. Available educational resources would involve whole or sections of courses including assessments, not just isolated resources.
Plan E would require the establishment and curation of open repositories and might consider a peer review system for educational materials to mirror that already used for research publications. Academic credit could then flow to those who publish and review educational resources and extend to other academic input such as updating the work and creating instructional materials.
There is considerable expertise and enthusiasm for, as well as successful examples of, open access education globally, but this is unevenly spread, and its adoption is hindered by factors at institutional and individual educator levels. Most university-generated educational material is still kept behind institutional paywalls. If we accept the need for change so that, as for research outputs, educational resources become open to access, Plan E might provide the global impetus for such change and make a contribution to reducing inequality in access to higher education.
This study investigates the interplay between open access (OA), co-authorship, and international research collaboration. While previous research has dealt with these factors separately, there is a knowledge gap in how these interact within a single dataset. The data includes all Scopus-indexed journal articles published over 11 years (2009–2019) where at least one of the authors has an affiliation to a United Arab Emirates (UAE) institution (30 400 articles in total). For assessment of OA status of articles, the study utilized Unpaywall data for articles with a digital object identifier, and manual web searches for articles without. There was consistently strong growth in publication volume counts as well as shares of OA articles across the years. The analysis provides statistically significant results supporting a positive relationship between a higher number of co-authors, in particular international, and OA status of articles.
Reporting to the Director of Collections, Discovery, and Systems, the Head of Discovery and Systems provides vision and project leadership for the technical infrastructure of the variety of systems and discovery services for Smith College Libraries. The Head of Discovery and Systems is responsible for managing the technical infrastructure of the Libraries’ discovery layers and ensuring accurate and comprehensive metadata for all library materials, both physical and digital.
Part of the problem is that ebook models have been tied to the traditional concept of the book for too long, which has failed to recognize the potential added value of both ebooks and textbooks. As Ashcroft put it: "We’ve always had a policy of pricing our ebooks for institutional use at the same price as our print books. So, a PDF licence to an institution for use by everybody with no limits to usage or downloads, simultaneous usage, has always cost the same as a print book. We asked ourselves whether that was actually the right approach and came to the conclusion that an electronic format made available in that way does actually deliver an additional value versus the print book, so for our own books we have decoupled the ebook prices from the print prices and ebook prices for institutions have increased as a result, just to reflect the additional value that they represent to an institution."
- Provide data management and related digital services support to HMS and Harvard TH Chan faculty, researchers, and students, including outreach, training, and consultations related to OpenScience policy obligations and required reporting mechanisms that involve data deposit, data citation, descriptive ontologies, best practices, to demonstrate funder compliance;
- Collaborate with the Harvard Library, Research Data Services Librarian, and university-wide stakeholders to align messaging and goals toward ensuring Harvard researchers understand their options and workflows that help retain, preserve, and provide access to their research data and scholarly products;
- Assists with discovery, management, archiving, and visualization of research data, including the unique digital collections within Countway Library;
This study examines publication trends in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) journals by countries’ income level from 1987 to 2020. By combining article metadata from journals listed in the DOAJ with World Bank country income data, this analysis examines the trends visible in plots of historical open access publication data. In 2020, the number of articles published in DOAJ journals by authors affiliated with high-income countries exceeds the sum of the other income categories. Article processing charge waivers seem to have more impact on high- and low-income countries than middle-income countries. The results show that the gold open access model has not been able to improve the extremely low number of open access articles from low-income regions. In addition, authors in middle-income countries publish in gold open access DOAJ journals at lower rates than authors based in other economic regions.
The Archivist for Digital Preservation is responsible for establishing and maintaining strategy, policies, procedures, and best practices for long-term access and preservation of digital content and collections. This position collaborates across the Archives and Special Collections (ASC) unit, Libraries and campus units, and with donors to implement digital strategies for the long-term preservation of archival records and manuscripts and in the transfer or gift of born-digital collections and web archiving.
Scholarly communication is a complicated sector, with numerous participants and multiple mechanisms for communicating and reviewing materials created in an increasing variety of formats by researchers across the globe. In turn, the researcher who seeks to use the products of this system wishes to discover, access, and use relevant and trustworthy materials as effortlessly as possible. The work of driving efficiency into this complex sector while bringing its multiple strands together seamlessly for the reader (or, increasingly, for a computational user) rests on a foundation of infrastructure, much of it shared across multiple publishers. In this landscape review, we seek to provide a high-level overview of the shared infrastructure that supports scholarly communication.
The DSS unit includes 2 full-time RTE faculty librarians; the Director also coordinates the efforts of several librarians providing data discovery services who work in unit libraries and whose commitment to DSS ranges from 15%-35%. Services include the Digital CoLab; GIS support; providing data discovery services, including working with undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty who require access to existing data sets; creating data sets via scraping and other techniques; cleaning, coding, and data visualization; and collaborating on grant-funded work. The unit staff work closely with colleagues in other public services units as well as with those in the newly-formed Research Data and Open Scholarship unit.
Over the past 20 years, the National Institutes for Health (NIH) has implemented several policies designed to improve sharing of research data, such as the NIH public access policy for publications, NIH genomic data sharing policy, and National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cancer Moonshot public access and data sharing policy. . . . Important questions that we must consider as data sharing is expanded are to whom do benefits of data sharing accrue and to whom do benefits not accrue? In an era of growing efforts to engage diverse communities in research, we must consider the impact of data sharing for all research participants and the communities that they represent.
We examine the issue of data sharing through a community-engaged research lens, informed by a long-standing partnership between community-engaged researchers and a key community health organization (Kruse et al., 2022). We contend that without effective community engagement and rich contextual knowledge, biases resulting from data sharing can remain unchecked. We provide several recommendations that would allow better community engagement related to data sharing to ensure both community and researcher understanding of the issues involved and move toward shared benefits. By identifying good models for evaluating the impact of data sharing on communities that contribute data, and then using those models systematically, we will advance the consideration of the community perspective and increase the likelihood of benefits for all.
The Library Technology Services (LTS) team at Harvard University is seeking an inquisitive and motivated Senior Digital Library Software Engineer (SDLSE) to help us design, build, and deploy state-of-the-art services for ensuring the Harvard Library delivers on its mission of supporting world-class research and teaching at Harvard. This SDLSE will be responsible for the design, development, and maintenance of library applications and infrastructure within LTS. They will be capable of engaging with projects of varying sizes at any stage in the software lifecycle.
In 2022, the global COVID-19 pandemic entered its third year; political, economic and digital divides grew; and book challenges and bans surged across the country. ALA’s Office for Intellectual Freedom tracked a record 1,269 book challenges, the highest number of demands to ban books reported since they began compiling data about censorship in libraries. But despite all these challenges, libraries thrived, pivoting to offer new and updated services to their communities. Adaptation and innovation shined in 2022, proving that there truly is "more to the story" at libraries.
Reporting to the Associate University Librarian, IT, the Director will shape and lead Cornell University Library services to support the Cornell community in managing and sharing research outputs, including research data alongside articles, reports, theses, and dissertations. In addition to developing and implementing a strategic vision within the library, the Director will lead library engagement in Cornell-wide initiatives such as the Research Data Management Service Group (RDMSG), coordination of research data support with the Office of the Vice President for Research and Innovation (OVPRI). They will engage with other institutions and in national collaborations such as the Data Curation Network (DCN). Where possible, they will promote open access solutions following the FAIR principles, using open infrastructure.
Open data sharing is critical for scientific progress. Yet, many authors refrain from sharing scientific data, even when they have promised to do so. Through a preregistered, randomized audit experiment (N = 1,634), we tested possible ethnic, gender and status-related bias in scientists’ data-sharing willingness. 814 (54%) authors of papers where data were indicated to be ‘available upon request’ responded to our data requests, and 226 (14%) either shared or indicated willingness to share all or some data. While our preregistered hypotheses regarding bias in data-sharing willingness were not confirmed, we observed systematically lower response rates for data requests made by putatively Chinese treatments compared to putatively Anglo-Saxon treatments. Further analysis indicated a theoretically plausible heterogeneity in the causal effect of ethnicity on data-sharing. In interaction analyses, we found indications of lower responsiveness and data-sharing willingness towards male but not female data requestors with Chinese names. These disparities, which likely arise from stereotypic beliefs about male Chinese requestors’ trustworthiness and deservingness, impede scientific progress by preventing the free circulation of knowledge.
The Metadata Librarian for Science and Geospatial Data will develop metadata application guidelines and templates to optimize resource discovery and access, create and maintain schemas for geospatial data to support digital scholarship and open scholarship projects, consult with domain experts to strategically enhance metadata and increase interoperability across institutional repositories, and create baseline conditions to support openness and friction-free environments that allow the public to find and take advantage of new knowledge.
A migration of the datastore and data model for Stanford Digital Repository’s digital object metadata was recently completed. This paper describes the motivations for this work and some of the strategies used to accomplish the migration. Strategies include: adopting a validatable data model, abstracting the datastore behind an API, separating concerns, testing metadata mappings against real digital objects, using reports to understand the data, templating unit tests, performing a rolling migration, and incorporating the migration into ongoing project work. These strategies may be useful to other repository or digital library application migrations.