Archive for the 'Public Domain' Category

1924 Works to Enter the Public Domain Soon: "The Public Domain Line is Moving Again—One Year Later"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on December 16th, 2019

https://blog.archive.org/2019/12/13/the-public-domain-line-is-moving-again-one-year-later/

Creative Commons: "Reproductions of Public Domain Works Should Remain in the Public Domain"

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digitization, Museums, Public Domain, Research Libraries on November 21st, 2019

https://creativecommons.org/2019/11/20/reproductions-of-public-domain-works/

NIH as Example: "How Open Is the Open Data Produced by the U.S. Government?"

Posted in Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Open Access, Open Science, Public Domain on November 12th, 2019

http://infojustice.org/archives/41762

"Invitation to Participate in a New Project: Help Open Journals’ Deep Backfiles"

Posted in Copyright, Open Access, Public Domain on October 14th, 2019

https://everybodyslibraries.com/2019/10/10/invitation-to-participate-in-a-new-project-help-open-journals-deep-backfiles/

"Dramatic Growth of Open Access October 1, 2019 Dataset Available"

Posted in Open Access, Public Domain, Scholarly Journals on October 3rd, 2019

https://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/2019/10/dramatic-growth-of-open-access-october.html

"Can States Copyright Annotations to Their Own Laws?"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Public Domain on August 22nd, 2019

https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/articles/2019-08-22/can-states-copyright-annotations-to-their-own-laws

A Copyright Gambit: On the Need for Exclusive Rights in Digitised Versions of Public Domain Textual Materials in Europe

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on July 12th, 2019

https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-662-59454-4

"What Happens When Books Enter the Public Domain? Testing Copyright’s Underuse Hypothesis Across Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Canada"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain, Publishing on June 18th, 2019

Rebecca Giblin has self-archived "What Happens When Books Enter the Public Domain? Testing Copyright's Underuse Hypothesis Across Australia, New Zealand, the United States and Canada" in SSRN.

Here's an excerpt:

We find that books are actually less available where they are under copyright than where they are in the public domain, and that commercial publishers seem undeterred from investing in works even where others are competing to supply the same titles. We also find that exclusive rights do not appear to trigger investment in works that have low commercial demand, with books from 59% of the 'culturally valuable' authors we sampled unavailable in any jurisdiction, regardless of copyright status.

SSRN requires user registration or CAPTCHA verification for PDF access.

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Paywall Book: Public Rights: Copyright’s Public Domains

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on May 7th, 2019

https://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/law/intellectual-property/public-rights-copyrights-public-domains?format=HB

"Who Owns the Law? Why We Must Restore Public Ownership of Legal Publishing"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain, Publishing on May 7th, 2019

Leslie Street and David Hansen have self-archived "Who Owns the Law? Why We Must Restore Public Ownership of Legal Publishing."

Here's an excerpt:

Each state has its own method for officially publishing the law. This article looks at the history of legal publishing for the fifty states before looking at how legal publishing even in moving to electronic publishing may not ensure public access to the law. The article addresses barriers to free access to the law in electronic publishing including copyright, contract law, and potentially, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. The article concludes with prescriptions for how different actors, including state governments, publishers, libraries, and others can ensure robust public access to the law moving forward.

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Good News from Flickr about 500 Million CC and Public Domain Images: "Update on Creative Commons Licenses and ‘In Memoriam’ Accounts"

Posted in Copyright, Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Digital Repositories, Public Domain on March 11th, 2019

Flickr has released "Update on Creative Commons Licenses and 'In Memoriam' Accounts."

Here's an excerpt:

When we recently announced updates to Flickr Free accounts, we stated that freely licensed public photos (Creative Commons, public domain, U.S. government works, etc.) as of November 1, 2018 in excess of the free account limit would not be deleted. . . .

In this spirit, today we're going further and now protecting all public, freely licensed images on Flickr, regardless of the date they were uploaded. . . .

In conjunction with this announcement, we've disabled bulk license change tools in the Settings, the Camera Roll, and the Organizr for Flickr Free accounts. . . . Any member (Free or Pro) can still change the license of any of their photos on the photo page.

In memoriam accounts will preserve all public content in a deceased member's account, even if their Pro subscription lapses.

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"The New Music Modernization Act (Mostly) (Finally) Gets It Right"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on September 28th, 2018

Meredith Filak Rose has published "The New Music Modernization Act (Mostly) (Finally) Gets It Right" in the Public Knowledge Blog.

Here's an excerpt:

The new Music Modernization Act sweeps away this old system and replaces it with full federal protection. The terms are still much longer than ideal: the earliest recordings won't hit the public domain until January 2022, while many others will be locked away for a total of 110 years. But the bill also creates, for the first time, a true public domain in sound recordings. . . .

The other important function of the bill is that, for the first time, users will now have a process by which they can use sound recordings, even when the rights holder cannot be found. Anyone wishing to make a noncommercial use of a recording that is no longer commercially available can submit a notice of use at the U.S. Copyright Office.

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"Win for Public Right to Know: Court Vacates Injunction Against Publishing the Law"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Public Domain on July 20th, 2018

https://www.eff.org/press/releases/win-public-right-know-court-vacates-injunction-against-publishing-law>

"More Than 1 Million Images Now Publicly Available at library.artstor.org!"

Posted in Digital Repositories, Open Access, Public Domain on June 28th, 2018

Artstor has released "More Than 1 Million Images Now Publicly Available at library.artstor.org!."

Here's an excerpt:

Artstor has made more than 1 million image, video, document, and audio files from public institutional collections freely available to everyone—subscribers and non-subscribers alike—at library.artstor.org. These collections are being shared by institutions who make their content available via JSTOR Forum, a tool that allows them to catalog, manage, and share digital media collections and make them discoverable to the widest possible audience.

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"Wikimedia and The Met: A Shared Digital Vision"

Posted in Creative Commons/Open Licenses, Open Access, Public Domain on April 20th, 2018

https://www.metmuseum.org/blogs/now-at-the-met/2018/wikimedia-and-the-met-digital-vision

"A Landslide of Classic Art Is About to Enter the Public Domain"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on April 9th, 2018

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/04/copywritten-so-dont-copy-me/557420/

"Books from 1923 to 1941 Now Liberated!"

Posted in Copyright, Open Access, Public Domain, Publishing on October 11th, 2017

The Internet Archive has released "Books from 1923 to 1941 Now Liberated!."

Here's an excerpt:

The Internet Archive is now leveraging a little known, and perhaps never used, provision of US copyright law, Section 108h, which allows libraries to scan and make available materials published 1923 to 1941 if they are not being actively sold. Elizabeth Townsend Gard, a copyright scholar at Tulane University calls this "Library Public Domain." She and her students helped bring the first scanned books of this era available online in a collection named for the author of the bill making this necessary: The Sonny Bono Memorial Collection. Thousands more books will be added in the near future as we automate.

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Arizona State University Adopts Open Access Policy

Posted in ARL Libraries, Open Access, Public Domain, Self-Archiving on May 22nd, 2017

Arizona State University has adopted an open access policy.

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

Public access to information is at the heart of a new policy at Arizona State University, the ASU Open Access Policy, which was passed by the University Senate and approved May 3 by University Provost Mark Searle. . . .

More than 70 universities in the United States, including Harvard, Duke and the University of California system, have adopted open access policies, part of a growing movement that is rapidly transforming the traditional model of scholarly publishing.

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"Out of Print: The Orphans of Mass Digitization"

Posted in Copyright, Digital Copyright Wars, Mass Digitizaton, Public Domain, Publishing on January 30th, 2017

Mary Murrell has published "Out of Print: The Orphans of Mass Digitization" in Current Anthropology.

Here's an excerpt:

In the 2000s an interconnected set of elite projects in the United States sought to digitize "all books in all languages" and make them available online. These mass digitization projects were efforts to absorb the print book infrastructure into a new one centered in computer networks. Mass book digitization has now faded from view, and here I trace its setbacks through a curious figure—the "orphan"—that emerged from within these projects and acted ultimately as an agent of impasse. In legal policy debates, an "orphan" refers to a copyrighted work whose owner cannot be found, but its history, range of meanings, and deployments reveal it to be considerably more complex. Based on fieldwork conducted at a digital library engaged in mass digitization, this paper analyzes the "orphan" as a personifying metaphor that digital library activists embraced in order to challenge and/or disrupt the social relations that adhere in and around books.

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Finding the Public Domain: The Copyright Review Management System

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on October 28th, 2016

Ithaka S+R has released Finding the Public Domain: The Copyright Review Management System .

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

The project team documented these lessons in a book called Finding the Public Domain: Copyright Review Management System Toolkit. The Toolkit shares practical insights gained in this effort in the hope of supporting others interested in copyright review. This brief complements the practical toolkit. It explains the history of CRMS and introduces the basics of the CRMS procedure. It then discusses some of the lessons, successes, surprises, and challenges of the work.

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Finding the Public Domain: Copyright Review Management System Toolkit

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on June 14th, 2016

The University of Michigan Library has released Finding the Public Domain: Copyright Review Management System Toolkit.

Here's an excerpt:

This toolkit is divided into three main parts. It is primarily designed for copyright review of books, but it is also useful for a range of copyright review activities. The first part of the toolkit consists of a series of preplanning documents, one or more of which can be used in early-stage project meetings to build your team and plan your approach when faced with key questions. . . .

The second part of the toolkit dives deeper into the practical considerations facing a copyright review project, including project leadership, the legal fundamentals for copyright review, technical elements, and observations related to project personnel. . . .

The third part of the toolkit includes reports on pilot projects and a series of appendices. Together these form valuable documentation from the [Copyright Review Management System] project.

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"How Large is the ‘Public Domain’?: A Comparative Analysis of Ringer’s 1961 Copyright Renewal Study and HathiTrust CRMS Data"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on April 25th, 2016

College & Research Libraries has released an e-print of "How Large is the 'Public Domain'?: A Comparative Analysis of Ringer's 1961 Copyright Renewal Study and HathiTrust CRMS Data" by John P. Wilkin.

Here's an excerpt:

The 1961 Copyright Office study on renewals, authored by Barbara Ringer, has cast an outsized influence on discussions of the U.S. 1923-1963 public domain. As more concrete data emerges from initiatives such as the large-scale determination process in the Copyright Review Management System project, questions are raised about the reliability or meaning of the Ringer data. A closer examination of both the Ringer study and CRMS data demonstrates fundamental misunderstandings and misrepresentations of the Ringer data, as well as possible methodological issues. Estimates of the size of the corpus of public domain books published in the U.S. from 1923-1963 have been inflated by problematic assumptions, and we should be able to correct mistaken conclusions with reasonable effort.

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"NYPL Shows Academic Libraries What ‘Public Domain’ Means"

Posted in Copyright, Libraries, Public Domain, Research Libraries on January 19th, 2016

Rick Anderson has published "NYPL Shows Academic Libraries What ‘Public Domain’ Means" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

Here's an excerpt:

In far too many libraries, public-domain documents and images are treated as if they were under copyright—and, even worse, in many cases the policies in question are written as if the holding libraries were themselves the copyright holders. Sometimes this is because the librarians who control access to those images genuinely don't understand copyright law: they believe that simply digitizing an image results in a copyrightable document (it doesn't), or that owning the physical item gives one legal say over how its intellectual content can be used (also untrue). The result is that in many academic libraries, intellectual content that the public has a right to access, copy, adapt, and generally reuse in any way we wish is being locked down and restricted by—ironically enough—librarians.

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"5 Million Public Domain Ebooks in HathiTrust: What Does This Mean?"

Posted in Digital Repositories, E-Books, Mass Digitizaton, Public Domain, Publishing, Scholarly Books on April 8th, 2015

Rick Anderson has published "5 Million Public Domain Ebooks in HathiTrust: What Does This Mean?" in The Scholarly Kitchen.

Here's an excerpt:

A week or so ago, a monumental thing happened: the number of public-domain books in the HathiTrust digital repository topped 5 million. And since no one (including HathiTrust, so far) seems to be making a very big deal about this, it seems like a good moment both to recap the achievements of HathiTrust and to consider a few of its implications for the future of reading and scholarship.

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"The Valuation of Unprotected Works: A Case Study of Public Domain Photographs on Wikipedia"

Posted in Copyright, Public Domain on February 11th, 2015

Paul J. Heald et al. have self-archived "The Valuation of Unprotected Works: A Case Study of Public Domain Photographs on Wikipedia."

Here's an excerpt:

We study the biographical Wikipedia pages of a large data set of authors, composers, and lyricists to determine whether the public domain status of available images leads to a higher rate of inclusion of illustrated supplementary material and whether such inclusion increases visitorship to individual pages. We attempt to objectively place a value on the body of public domain photographs and illustrations which are used in this global resource. . . . We find that the large majority of photos and illustrations used on subject pages were obtained from the public domain, and we estimate their value in terms of costs saved to Wikipedia page builders and in terms of increased traffic corresponding to the inclusion of an image. Then, extrapolating from the characteristics of a random sample of a further 300 Wikipedia pages, we estimate a total value of public domain photographs on Wikipedia of between $246 to $270 million dollars per year.

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