Archive for the 'Artificial Intelligence/Robots' Category

Library of Congress: Machine Learning + Libraries Summit Event Summary

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Reports and White Papers, Research Libraries on February 14th, 2020

https://labs.loc.gov/static/labs/meta/ML-Event-Summary-Final-2020-02-13.pdf?loclr=blogsig

"Clearview AI Says the First Amendment Lets It Scrape the Internet. Lawyers Disagree"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Privacy on February 7th, 2020

https://www.cnet.com/news/clearview-says-first-amendment-lets-it-scrape-the-internet-lawyers-disagree/

"Artificial Intelligence-Created Medicine to Be Used on Humans for First Time"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on January 31st, 2020

https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-51315462

"WIPO Raises Questions about Artificial Intelligence and Copyright"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Copyright on December 17th, 2019

https://torrentfreak.com/wipo-raises-questions-about-artificial-intelligence-and-copyright-191216/

"A Sobering Message about the Future at AI’s Biggest Party"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on December 16th, 2019

https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/12/a-sobering-message-about-the-future-at-ais-biggest-party/

DIY AI Tools: "Cloudy with a Chance of Neurons: The Tools That Make Neural Networks Work"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on December 10th, 2019

https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2019/12/so-you-want-to-build-a-neural-network-the-cloud-can-help-with-that/

OCLC Research: Responsible Operations: Data Science, Machine Learning, and AI in Libraries

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Reports and White Papers on December 10th, 2019

https://www.oclc.org/research/publications/2019/oclcresearch-responsible-operations-data-science-machine-learning-ai.html

Boston Dynamics: "The World’s Most Freakishly Advanced Robot Dog Is Now For Sale"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on September 30th, 2019

https://www.sciencealert.com/the-world-s-most-freakishly-advanced-robot-dog-is-now-for-sale

Paywall Article: "Text Mining and Subject Analysis for Fiction; or, Using Machine Learning and Information Extraction to Assign Subject Headings to Dime Novels"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Metadata on September 25th, 2019

https://doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2019.1653413

"Computational Intelligence to Aid Text File Format Identification"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Digital Archives and Special Collections, Digital Curation & Digital Preservation, Research Libraries on September 25th, 2019

Santhilata Kuppili Venkata and Alex Green have self-archived "Computational Intelligence to Aid Text File Format Identification."

Here's an excerpt:

One of the challenges faced in digital preservation is to identify the file types when the files can be opened with simple text editors and their extensions are unknown. The problem gets complicated when the file passes through the test of human readability, but would not make sense how to put to use! The Text File Format Identification (TFFI) project was initiated at The National Archives to identify file types from plain text file contents with the help of computing intelligence models. A methodology that takes help of AI and machine learning to automate the process was successfully tested and implemented on the test data. The prototype developed as a proof of concept has achieved up to 98.58% of accuracy in detecting five file formats.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 10 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

Special Issue: Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Posted in ARL Libraries, Artificial Intelligence/Robots on September 20th, 2019

ARL has released a special issue of Research Library Issues on the "ethics of artificial intelligence."

Here's an excerpt from the announcement:

To frame this discussion, we invited three individuals to share their expertise and recommendations in this issue of RLI. In the first article, Sylvester Johnson, the founding director of the Center for Humanities and the assistant vice provost for the humanities at Virginia Tech, focuses on the role of ethics in innovation. AI, like other influential technologies, can be a force for innovation, and is known to have harmful as well as helpful implications, which Johnson examines.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 10 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"OpenAI Said Its Code Was Risky. Two Grads Re-Created It Anyway"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on August 27th, 2019

https://www.wired.com/story/dangerous-ai-open-source/

"AI Trained on Old Scientific Papers Makes Discoveries Humans Missed"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on July 17th, 2019

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/neagpb/ai-trained-on-old-scientific-papers-makes-discoveries-humans-missed?utm_campaign=sharebutton

"Artificial Intelligence—The Revolution Hasn’t Happened Yet"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on July 11th, 2019

Michael I. Jordan has published "Artificial Intelligence—The Revolution Hasn't Happened Yet" in Harvard Data Science Review.

Here's an excerpt:

We now come to a critical issue: is working on classical human-imitative AI the best or only way to focus on these larger challenges? Some of the most heralded recent success stories of ML have in fact been in areas associated with human-imitative AI—areas such as computer vision, speech recognition, game-playing, and robotics. Perhaps we should simply await further progress in domains such as these. There are two points to make here. First, although one would not know it from reading the newspapers, success in human-imitative AI has in fact been limited; we are very far from realizing human-imitative AI aspirations. The thrill (and fear) of making even limited progress on human-imitative AI gives rise to levels of over-exuberance and media attention that is not present in other areas of engineering.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 10 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

Machine-Learning Algorithm: "Microsoft Open Sources Algorithm That Gives Bing Some of Its Smarts"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Open Source Software on May 16th, 2019

https://arstechnica.com/gadgets/2019/05/microsoft-open-sources-algorithm-that-gives-bing-some-of-its-smarts/

"Drowning in Research Reading? AI Could Help"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on May 14th, 2019

https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2019/05/14/ai-summarizes-research-papers-could-have-useful-applications-academics

Paywall Article: "What If Artificial Intelligence Wrote This: Artificial Intelligence and Copyright Law"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Copyright on May 7th, 2019

https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/uflr71&div=9&id=&page=&t=1556991668

"Using AI to Solve Business Problems in Scholarly Publishing"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Publishing, Scholarly Journals on April 25th, 2019

Michael Upshall has published "Using AI to Solve Business Problems in Scholarly Publishing" in Insights.

Here's an excerpt:

Artificial intelligence (AI) tools are widely used today in many areas, and are now being introduced into scholarly publishing. This article provides a brief overview of present-day AI and machine learning as used for text-based resources such as journal articles and book chapters, and provides an example of its application to identify suitable peer reviewers for manuscript submissions. It describes how one company, UNSILO, has created a tool for this purpose, and the underlying technology used to deliver it. The article also offers a glimpse into a future where AI will profoundly change the way that academic publishing will work.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"We’ve Been Warned about AI and Music for over 50 Years, but No One’s Prepared"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Copyright on April 18th, 2019

https://www.theverge.com/2019/4/17/18299563/ai-algorithm-music-law-copyright-human

"Can A.I. Truly Be Creative? One Brilliant Brit Makes a Compelling Case "

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on April 3rd, 2019

https://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/marcus-du-sautoy-creativity-code-interview/

"Springer Nature Publishes Its First Machine-Generated Book"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Publishing, Scholarly Books on April 3rd, 2019

Springer Nature has released "Springer Nature Publishes Its First Machine-Generated Book."

Here's an excerpt:

Springer Nature published its first machine-generated book in chemistry. The book prototype provides an overview of the latest research in the rapidly growing field of lithium-ion batteries. . . .

In close collaboration between Springer Nature and researchers from Goethe University Frankfurt/Main, a state-of-the-art algorithm, the so-called Beta Writer, was developed to select, consume and process relevant publications in this field from Springer Nature’s content platform SpringerLink. Based on this peer-reviewed and published content, the Beta Writer uses a similarity-based clustering routine to arrange the source documents into coherent chapters and sections. It then creates succinct summaries of the articles. The extracted quotes are referenced by hyperlinks which allow readers to further explore the original source documents. Automatically created introductions, table of contents and references facilitate the orientation within the book.

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Intelligent Infrastructure, Ubiquitous Mobility, and Smart Libraries—Innovate for the Future"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Data Curation, Open Data, and Research Data Management, Research Libraries on March 25th, 2019

Yi Shen has published "Intelligent Infrastructure, Ubiquitous Mobility, and Smart Libraries—Innovate for the Future" in Data Science Journal.

Here's an excerpt:

This paper presents an empirical research on the strategic development of a large-scale transdisciplinary area, named Intelligent Infrastructure for Human-Centered Communities or IIHCC, in the institutional context of Virginia Tech. . . . . Within such developments, this study discusses the developing scenarios of "smart" libraries as innovative testbeds for data exploration, community knowledge base, and intelligent information interface. It further projects an intelligent, learning, and adaptive library system, featuring exemplary data science platform and dynamic data management mechanism, smart design and innovation space, as well as collective intelligence and creative partnership. During this extraordinary time of horizon change, this timely work informs academic library transformation and its architectural innovation in the age of "smartness."

Research Data Curation Bibliography, Version 9 | Digital Curation and Digital Preservation Works | Open Access Works | Digital Scholarship | Digital Scholarship Sitemap

"Can AI Work Receive a Copyright? Copyright Office Proposes Procedure Update"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots, Copyright, Mass Digitizaton on March 19th, 2019

http://www.project-disco.org/intellectual-property/031819-can-ai-work-receive-copyright-copyright-office-proposes-procedure-update/

"What Is the Best Book on Artificial Intelligence (AI)?"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on March 6th, 2019

https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2019/03/04/what-is-the-best-book-on-artificial-intelligence-ai/

"Will AI Achieve Consciousness? Wrong Question"

Posted in Artificial Intelligence/Robots on February 20th, 2019

https://www.wired.com/story/will-ai-achieve-consciousness-wrong-question/


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